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lph County Seal was adopted by the 
County Commissioners at their meeting on February 
5, 1973. It was designed by Audrey Beck (Mrs. Adam 
W. Beck). 


Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 


To describe the county . . . 

To picture the life of the people . . . 

To catch the spirit of this special place . . . 

To relive two hundred years in these pages . . . 
A celebration and a memoir. 


Published by the 

Randolph County Historical Society 

and the 

Randolph Arts Guild 

Commemorating the Bicentennial Year 

of the County 

Hunter Publishing Company 

Winston-Salem, North Carolina 


-1979 by Randolph County Historical Society 

ISBN 0-89459-071-5 

Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 79-90964 

Printed in the United States of America 

Hunter Publishing Company. Winston-Salem. N.C. 

All rights reserved. 

Address all inquiries to 

Randolph County Historical Society 
201 Worth Street, Asheboro, N.C. 27203 


Randolph County people have realized for many 
years the need for a story of this county from its 
beginnings to the present time. There have been sev- 
eral books published which supply parts of this histo- 
ry. They make a great contribution toward telling the 
story, but no one book is complete. 

An opportunity to publish a fuller story came in 
1977 when the North Carolina Arts Council made a 
Grass Roots grant to the Randolph Arts Guild and the 
Randolph County Historical Society of $3,496, to be 
matched by local funds invested by both groups for 
the purpose of gathering data about this county's his- 
tory and using the data to publish a book about the 
county. CETA employees were assigned to the 
project for varying lengths of time. 

The County Commissioners added an appropria- 
tion in 1978 of $2,000 to assist with the expenses 
necessary in publishing such a book, recognizing the 
value of a history in the bicentennial year. These 
Commissioners were Logan White, Chairman, Frank 
Auman, Jr., Richard K. Pugh. Matilda Phillips, and 
W.K. Cromartie. 

Committees from the Arts Guild and the Historical 
Society have volunteered their time in collecting in- 
formation and photographs and in writing the story. 

The Editorial Committee was composed of Char- 
lesanna Fox, Carolyn Neely Hager and Dwight M. 
Holland. Barbara Newsom Grigg contributed several 
pages of the first section and collected the informa- 
tion on craftsmen and gold mining in addition to as- 
sisting with some of the editing and research. Richard 
Wells edited some of the manuscript. 

Advertising and Sales Committee members were 
Andrew Lueker and Ann Talvik Hamlet. 

All photographs of present day scenes were made 
by Jane L. Delisle unless credits are otherwise given. 
The Photography Department of Randolph Technical 
College lent its facilities for processing some of the 

The publication of the book would have been im- 
possible without the resources of the Randolph 
Room in the Asheboro Public Library and the assis- 
tance of the staffs of the Libraries in the Randolph 
Public Library system. 

The three historical issues (1964, 1966 and 1976) of 
the Randolph Guide, edited by Barron Mills, have 
been of immeasurable value to the Editorial Commit- 
tee for the information contained in them. 

Assistance was also received from the Quaker 
Room in the Guilford College Library, the Rowan 
Public Library, The Archives office of Duke Univer- 
sity Library, the North Carolina Room of the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina Library and the North 
Carolina State Library which was cheerfully 
given and gratefully received. 

The municipal offices in Asheboro. Franklinville, 
Liberty, Ramseur and Randleman and the Randolph 
County offices were helpful in providing information 
requested of them concerning dates, programs and 
activities relating to their respective areas. 

The Arts Guild and the Historical Society have 
published this book as a labor of love and will be 
rewarded if readers find that it is a valuable contribu- 
tion to their knowledge of their county . Realizing that 
more had to be omitted than could be included in 
these few pages, the Committee hopes that it will 
bring to mind memories of persons, places and 


Preface : 4 


TO 1800: 1441 

Exploration; Migration; Settle- 
ment; Transportation and Com- 
munication; Churches and 
Schools; Colonial Government; 
Regulators; Revolution; Colonel 
David Fanning; Formation of the 

1800-1860: 42-80 

Community Life; Asheborough, 
1850-1860; Camp Meetings; 
Churches; Superstition; Schools; 
Home and Family; Transporta- 
tion; Government; War of 1812; 
National Representation; Agricul- 
ture; Slavery; Migration Out; 
Gold; Industry; Craftsmen; Ran- 
dolph County on the Eve of the 
Civil War. 

1860-1900: 81-126 

Civil War; Reconstruction, 1865- 
1875; A New Era, 1875-1900; 
Randleman; Coleridge; Worth- 
ville; Central Falls; Cedar Falls; 
Franklin ville; Ramseur; The Mill 
Village; Churches; Gold Mines; 
Agriculture; Transportation; 
Academies; Trinity College; Trin- 
ity; Archdale; Nineteenth Century 
Communities; Newspapers; Gov- 

1900-1979: 127-245 

Twentieth Century Overview; 
Townships; Government; 

Municipalities in the 1900's; Liber- 
ty; Staley; Seagrove; Asheboro; 
World War I; National Guard; De- 
pression Years, 1930-1939; World 
War II; Industry; Agriculture; 
Merchandising; Transportation; 
Home and Family; Schools; 
Churches; Prohibition; Cultural 
Activities; Organizations; Sports 
and Recreation; Zoo; To the 












The narrative is set in 
Times Roman type; the il- 
lustrative material is in 

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PROLOGUE Everyone who enters this area for 
the first time is attracted to the 
mountains which rise above the terrain as if placed 
there by design. These ancient mountains were 
formed by volcanic action and erosion and look very 
much today as they did in the 1700's. By 1730 they 
were named the Uwharries. a word which has at least 
a dozen spellings and an Indian origin. They cover 
more than half of Randolph County and provide this 
land with its most distinctive characteristic. 

A second feature of note is that rock formations lie 
close to the surface on much of the land. Underneath 
the whole county is the Carolina Slate Belt which 
reaches from South Carolina to Virginia and is com- 
posed of volcanic rock and quartz estimated to be 
10,000 to 15,000 feet deep. The variety of minerals 
included in this belt is extensive. The quantities of 
most of them are too small to be productive, but gold, 
pyrophyllite and quartz have been mined success- 
fully. The soil is composed primarily of varieties of 
red clay and gray sandy loam, but the red shades 
predominate throughout the county. 

The climate is temperate and variable, less severe 
than that in areas to the north and less debilitating 
than that of the coast. All of the county is at least 400 
feet above sea level with notations to 860 feet, topped 
by the Uwharries, the highest of which. Shepherd 
Mountain, rises to 1,390 feet. It is an inclined plane, 
slanting eastward, making a descent of more than 600 
feet from west to east in the southern portion. 

Three rivers of some consequence provide water, 
the most important of which is Deep River. Deep 
River enters the county not far from where it rises in 
southwest Guilford County and flows in a southeas- 
terly direction through the county, joining the Rocky 
and Haw Rivers in lower Chatham County to make 
the Upper Cape Fear. The other two rivers, Uwhar- 
rie and Little, are part of the Yadkin River watershed 
which finally empties into the Atlantic Ocean near 
Georgetown, South Carolina. The Uwharrie rises 
near Trinity and leaves the county at Eleazer; the 
Little heads at a spring in the Asheboro Municipal 
Golf Course and leaves the county west of Seagrove. 

Numerous springs, creeks and brooks supply 
water to all parts of the county. The abundance of 
water is a valuable resource, but there have been 
times when spring freshets and floods in other sea- 
sons have caused extensive damage. Bishop 
Spangenberg of the Moravians commented on these 
streams in his diary (1752): "It is hard to believe that 
such little streams can rise so high. But the western 
part of North Carolina is all hills and valleys and that 
pours the water together." 

Large forests of hardwood and pines once covered 
the land except where there were savannas of natural 
origin or bald spots burnt over by Indians as they 
used the land. Very little uncut timber exists today, 
but there are still 3 10,000 acres of forest in the county 
out of a total of 514,000 acres. 

One of the three National Forests in North 
Carolina is located in this area, the only one in the 
center of the state. The Uwharrie National Forest 
contains 46,000 acres of which 10,000 acres are in 
Randolph County. This forest was established in the 
early 1930's and is maintained and managed by the 
U.S. Forest Service. 

The central position of this county in the state 
gives it a blend of flora from the east and west. Many 
of the plants of the Appalachians can be found on the 
hills of Randolph and wild flowers of the sandhills 
and the coastal plain are in the swamps and sandy 
areas. The beauty of the plants is evident in the 
spring when the red bud, sourwood and dogwood 
bloom and in the fall when the leaves of the 
hardwood trees show a kaleidoscope of color against 
the background of green pines and cedars. 



-Ms- M 

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Today people see the same mountains, streams 
and flora, travel the same roads and pass the same 
locations of homesteads, mills, churches and schools 
that were known to the people of 1779. Ties to the 
county are many and strong because families still live 
here who were listed on the first census of 1790 and 
this has been home to many others for generations. 
Fortunately, records provide information in wills, 
deeds, estate papers and court minutes about life 
from the beginning. The county is rich in history. 

To 1800 

EXPLORATION The first written account on 
record by an explorer in what 
is now Randolph County was by John Lederer. 
Young Lederer, a medical student from Germany 
with an interest in Indians and the vast natural re- 
sources of a new land, began his journey in 1670 from 
the James River in Virginia. 

He visited several tribes in North Carolina near the 
Haw River before travelling some forty miles farther 
southwest in the area of the Uwharrie River. There 
he encountered a tribe he called the Watary Indians, 
possibly identifiable with the Wateree. 

The next account concerns the fate of an En- 
glishman by the name of John Needham who was 
sent down the Indian Trading Path sometime before 
1674 by Abraham Wood. Wood is credited with the 
opening of the back country to Indian trade. He ran a 
trading post out of Fort Henry which was located on 
the site of present-day Petersburg, Virginia. 

This was only John Needham's second journey, 
but it proved to be his last. According to a letter 
written by Wood later published in First Exploration 
of the Trans-Allegheny Regions Needham's travel- 
ling companion on this adventure was Gabriel Ar- 
thur. Arthur, only eighteen years of age, had gone 
with Needham on the first trading trip and had re- 
mained in the mountains for a year awaiting the re- 
turn of Needham with more goods for trade. 

When Needham failed to return, Gabriel Arthur 
began his return to Fort Henry travelling with several 
Indians. When he arrived at the Saura Indian Settle- 
ment at the Yadkin River, he learned the reason for 
Needham's absence. An Indian in the company had 
dropped a pack of goods in the Uwharrie River, an 
act that had displeased Needham and caused a quar- 
rel. When they reached the Yadkin, the quarrel was 
rekindled by an Indian known as "Indian John", who 
killed Needham. 

A period of some twenty-five years passed before 
the famous expedition of John Lawson began. He set 
out from Charleston, South Carolina, on December 
20, 1700, to seek the Indians of the Carolinas. On 
reaching North Carolina he encountered the 
Keyauwee Indian town after crossing the Uwharrie 
River. Their town lay between the Uwharrie River 
and Caraway Creek and apparently was of consider- 
able size. It was fortified with palisades, had large 
corn fields ajacent and possessed an extensive 
savanna near the town. Their huts were poles or sapl- 
ings placed in the ground in a circle, then tied at the 
top leaving an opening or smoke hole. The frame of 

the house was then interwoven with vines and the 
whole surface covered with clay, leaving an opening 
for a doorway which was covered with a hide or mat 
made of reeds or grass. The entrances were built low 
for security from intruders. These Indians seldom 
reached a height of more than five feet six inches. 

The Indians had been inhabiting this area for many 
generations before the white explorers arrived. Their 
way of life required a great knowledge and under- 
standing of the land, animals and plant life. They 
moved from place to place in search of food and sec- 
urity with ease because they were encumbered only 
with things necessary for existence. 

Much of the food the Indians depended upon came 
from the large supply of natural foods: berries, cher- 
ries, persimmons and wild plums, wild rye and vari- 
ous kinds of nuts. They hunted for game and found 
fish, mussels and crayfish in the streams. They did 
cultivate the soil, however, for other foods: beans, 
squash, pumpkin, sunflowers, peas and other seeds. 
Tobacco was a special crop. They dried and pow- 
dered the stalks and leaves and smoked it in pipes. In 
planting they used a wooden pole with a pointed 
stone attached, much like a hoe, to loosen the soil, 
and they buried fish with the seed for fertilizer. 
Women and children did the work in the fields. 

The women also formed and fired clay pots of vari- 
ous capacities from less than a teacup to several gal- 
lons. They constructed baskets of corn husks, tree 
bark, silk grass and native hemp and honeysuckle. 

They used mortars and pestles of wood and stone 
for pounding corn or crushing shells, tubers, berries 
and seeds. The men made hunting implements and 
weapons from wood and stone, and they made pins, 
awls and fish hooks from turkey bones. 

Trade goods carried by white traders, such as glass 
beads and clay pipes, are found in Randolph County 
today along with Indian artifacts, proving that In- 
dians did trade with the newcomers. 

S# *; 






The Highway Marker for the Indian Trading Path. These markers are 
located at the intersection of Highways 311 and Business 220, south of 
Randleman, and at Julian. 


The Indians used the direct routes made by ani- 
mals in search of water and feeding grounds. Later 
these paths determined the wagon trails of the 
settlers. Many of the present day highways follow 
these same routes. Because animals and Indians 
walked in single file, the first trails were usually not 
over twenty inches wide. 

Painted Springs was a camp site on the Trading 
Path which is mentioned later several times in docu- 
ments. It served as one of the locations marking the 
western boundary of the county. 

The Indians living here were near the Trading Path 
and were subject to raids by more powerful tribes. 
Only a few were here to greet the white settlers when 
they arrived. It has been suggested that others joined 
the Catawbas. 

A section of the Trading Path near Mt. Shepherd as it appears today. It was 
first cut through a dense forest by animals and then by Indians. 

Interior view of an Indian hut which shows how poles were tied and 
covered with a matting of grasses. 

An unexcavated mound in Randolph County which was probably the center 
of a settlement of an Indian tribe similar to the one at Town Creek. 

The hole at the top was large enough to allow smoke from the fire to escape. 

A ceremonial building at the Town Creek State Historic Site. 


MIGRATION The first white settlers to come 

here found the land virtually un- 
changed by their Indian predecessors who respected 
the land and all living natural things. 

In 1733 Edward Moseley, Surveyor to his Majesty, 
the King of England, drew a map of North Carolina 
extending to the Yadkin River. This map included 
five sites and features in this area: the Indian Trading 
Path, the Keeauwee Old Town, Totero Fort, Uharee 
River and Deep River. 

What would persuade a settler to migrate to an 
almost virgin territory inhabited by few white people 
to face a life dominated by hard work, contention 
with the elements and daily struggle? 

One of the major reasons for early settlers to come 
here was the availability of fertile inexpensive land. 
Land in the more densely populated colonies was 
rising steadily in price. Also, some moved to avoid 
the threat of war with France. Indian uprisings on the 
western edges of the colonies caused many families 
to move South rather than to the West. 

Another reason was to escape religious persecu- 
tion. In several colonies freedom to worship was li- 
mited because one particular religious group had 
dominance over all others. 

The journey itself was an ordeal. The routes they 
travelled were little more than paths. In some places 
it was necessary to widen the paths to accommodate 
the wagons or carts pulled by horses or oxen. Both 
wagons and carts were made with large, high wheels 
to clear stumps in the paths. There were no bridges. 

Some of the hardship in migration is illustrated in 
the diary of a group that left Bethlehem, Pennsyl- 
vania, for Wachovia, North Carolina, on October 8, 
1753. They piled their possessions in a wagon and 
walked but had not gone far when they found they 
would have to alter their wagon to fit the ruts in the 

". . . they spent two nights and a day, while their 
wagon which awaited them, was made three inches 
narrower, it having been found it was too wide for the 
normal track in the road." 

This same diary gives more detail of the arduous 
journey: At Staunton, Virginia, "the bad road began. 
It was up hill and down, and we had constantly to 
push the wagon, or hold it back by ropes that we 
fastened to the rear." 

Two days later rain added to their difficulties: "for 
the second time we had to take off half our load in 
order to climb a hill, for it was so slippery the horses 
could not keep their footing, but fell constantly to 
their knees." 

Nathan F. Spencer in a letter dated 5th mo. 1899 
wrote about the migration of Ruth Carter, his grand- 
mother (who married Nathan Farlow later), from 
Chester County, Pennsylvania, to Randolph County: 
"Many tendered their good wishes and desires that 

she might have a safe and prosperous journey to her 
prospective home in North Carolina. Thus it was 
with the benedictions of the people among whom she 
had lived and associated her little company with 
horses and wagons took their departure. Much of the 
way to be passed through then was a wilderness with 
large rivers to ferry over, deep creeks to ford, and 
almost impassable boggs and hills and mountains to 
overcome. I have heard my mother tell about grand- 
mother fording the Brandywine." 

Those who did not own a wagon or share in a wagon 
owned by a group piled their possessions on a small 
cart they pushed or pulled by hand. Those without a 
cart loaded their horses and walked beside them. 
Shelter on the trail was virtually nonexistent or be- 
yond the means of the travellers. 

Although a larger number of people arrived from 
Pennsylvania and Maryland, journeying through the 
Valley of Virginia, many settlers came from eastern 
North Carolina. As the northeastern counties, espe- 
cially Perquimans and Pasquotank, became more set- 
tled, the desirable land became scarce. Those who 
left were looking for land and for relief from the 
dread coastal diseases of malaria and other fevers. 
Quakers from that area started moving west during 
the late 1740's, settling on land which became 
Chatham, Randolph and Guilford Counties. 

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The first known map of the Randolph County area which identified sites 
and features. It was drawn in 1733 by Edward Moseley, Surveyor for the 
King of England. 


The fireplace and mantel were central to every home. This sketch is of a 
Randolph County hearthside in daily use by a family for more than one 
hundred years. It may be seen at the Springfield Museum. 


Andreas Huber (Andrew Hoover), ancestor of 
Herbert Hoover, President of the United States, 
1928-1932, moved to Randolph County ca. 1763 
from Maryland with his family of twelve children. 
He had originally come from the Palatinate (Ger- 
many) and had married Margaret Pfautz (Fouts) in 

He became a member of the Separate Baptist 
Church on April 6, 1772. His wife was known to be 
a Quaker in 1 789. Later several members of the 
family were Quakers. 

He obtained land on the Uwharrie River at the 
Forks, built a grist mill and farmed. After his 
death in 1783 the sons carried on the business 
until their mill, crops, animals and barns were 
wiped out by freshets two years in a row. 

Discouraged by misfortune the family decided to 
move to one of the western states. They were op- 
posed to slavery and sought to live in a place more 
agreeable to their beliefs. The opportunity for se- 
curing fertile land provided the incentive they 

Six families from Randolph moved together to 
Ohio in 1801. From Ohio Jesse Clark Hoover 
moved to Iowa, where his son Herbert was born in 

Andrew Hoover and his wife Margaret are 
buried in Randolph County. One of their sons, 
Jacob, remained here and is the ancestor of those 
families who bear his name. 

SETTLEMENT From Pennsylvania the trip took 
from six weeks to three months, 
depending on the number of people, equipment, and 
the weather. Most settlers left in the fall and winter 
months in hope of arriving before spring in order to 
build a cabin and plant a garden to face the next 
winter. Friends and family members helped each 
other, for they travelled together and settled in 
neighborhoods for protection and companionship. 

The hard work began in earnest on arrival. Men 
built cabins or lean-tos with the trees cut to make a 
clearing. The dwellings were functional and simple. 
Logs were notched to fit without pegs, doors were 
hung on wooden hinges with heavy bars for fasteners 
and chimneys were constructed of wood or stone and 
daubed with clay. No metal was needed in these first 
homes. The floor was more often dirt than not, but 
sometimes a puncheon floor made of logs split in half 
covered the dirt. The houses were of several types 
varying from the one-room cabin to the largest two- 
story building with four or six rooms. As tools im- 
proved and time sufficed, men were able to build 
their homes of board. 

Until a crop was ready for harvest families could 
rely on the richness of the surroundings for part or all 
of their food: berries, fruits, nuts, wild game and 
birds from the forests; fish, crayfish and mussels 
from the streams; grains and grasses from the 
meadows. Corn became a major crop because of its 
usefulness. Flax and cotton were grown for necessity 
in the making of cloth, but each farm usually grew 
only the amount it needed. Cotton was not a major 
crop in this area, but wheat, oats and other small 
grains were grown both for food and for bartering. 

All implements were crude and scarce. It was pos- 
sible to travel for miles without seeing a plow. The 
most common tools were for the hand: the hoe, 
sickle, flail, brake, broadaxe, hatchet, wedge, saw, 
file, auger, adze.froe, chisel, knife, plane, ruler, etc. 

There was also no control of pests nor of wild ani- 
mals who ate crops or stole domestic animals. A man 
could lose a whole crop to beetles and worms or a 
herd to wolves and bears. Even domestic animals 
posed a threat, for there were no enforced stock laws 
until about 1860. Each farmer registered his own 
mark or brand for identification of the stock he 
owned. One such brand was the imprint of the 
"Flower de Luce" (Fleur-de-lis) in the left ear. There 
were fences, but they were no guarantee of security 
from animals who wanted food. 

Cattle were allowed to run loose all winter until 
farmers arrived who knew the value of caring for 
cattle during the cold months by housing them in 
barns. Everyone owned hogs, for pork was a staple 
food, lard was used for candles and grease, and hogs 
were bartered live or salted for export. Sheep were 
raised for meat, wool and tallow. Chickens were also 
on hand, but ran wild and were poorly cared for, 
making tough drumsticks. 




The emigration of that period would now be a 
sight to behold. Many came on horseback; not a 
few made their weary way on foot, having a single 
pack-horse to carry their few household goods. 
Some could boast a two-horse wagon, while few, 
very few, possibly one in a hundred, came through 
with a huge old fashioned Carolina wagon, drawn 
by four horses. But even when the settlers had wa- 
gons, the men and the larger boys were obliged to 
walk, since the women and the girls, together with 
the household stuff were even too much for the 
awful roads over which they must pass. People who 
should travel now as those old pioneers came to 
this country, would be the town talk and the laugh- 
ing stock of the whole region round. Yet it is a fact 
that in this very way, rough as it may seem, came 
into these western wilds, the "cream and sub- 
stance" of the Southern land, and of this western 

A prophet's eye could have descried in those 
motley groups and calvacades of men and boys, or 
even of women and girls, on foot, of pack-horses 
piled with all sorts of goods, and surmounted with 
the woman and the baby, of carts drawn by little 
"plugs" of ponies or by mules, and loaded to the 
utmost capacity; of men on horseback with their 
wives or mothers on a pillion behind them; of 
capacious wagons of the ancient style, almost as 
roomy as Noah's ark, and nearly illimitable in 
capabilities of containing children and goods and 
furniture; that in these various methods, now re- 
garded as so uncouth and so outlandish as to be 
impossible and unimaginable for any but the very 
scum and outcasts of humanity, came to this land 
the men and the women who should be, and the 
children who should grow up to become the 
strength and the glory of the land. 

From History of Randolph County, Indiana, by E. Tucker. 1882 

Have a big log, cut notches up and down the log 
fourteen feet apart, set double stakes fourteen feet 
out from the log, cut small logs six to eight inches 
thick, "scafe" off the ends so as to fit the notches 
in the log, put one end in the notch and the other 
between the stakes; in the notch let the ends 
touch, but put blocks between the other ends, so as 
to make the upper one slant enough for the roof, 
put some logs atop of the big log and some across 
the front above; put on the roof, and stuff the 
cracks with moss. 

Moss was plenty on the old logs, as thick as a 
cushion and as soft as a sheepskin; you could tear 
off a sheet as long as a bed-quilt if you wished. We 
often used sheets of moss for blankets to ride on 
instead of a saddle. The front of the camp was open 
six feet high, and logs were across above. A log 
heap fire was built in front on the ground. At first 
we left it unprotected, but the smoke would sweep 
into the camp and choke us so that we could not 
stay. Then we took puncheons and set them up- 
right in a semi-circle around (outside of) the fire, 
leaving passages next the camp to go in and out at. 
This mended matters greatly. We lived in this 
camp from March until November, 1829. We 
cleared that summer nine acres - five for early 
corn and four for late corn, potatoes, turnips, 
by Joseph Hawkins 

From History- of Randolph County. Indiana, by E. Tucker, 1882. 

Native Foods Eaten by Indians and Settlers 

Vegetables: squash, beans, peas, pumpkin, corn 
Berries: blackberries, blueberries, elderberries, 

red mulberries, strawberries 
Fruits: cherries, persimmons, plums 
Seeds: sunflower, rye, rice, barley 

Game: deer, turkey, bear, rabbit, squirrel, 

Fish: fish, crayfish, mussels 

Grapes: muscadines 

Settlers first built lean-tos for shelter while they were constructing their homes. 



The sports of the settlers were generally of the 
more active kind as, jumping, wrestling, running 
races, with frequently a "hoe-down" at an evening 
merry-making, after a raising, or a log-rolling, or a 
spinning bee, or some other gathering for work and 

An invitation would be given to the men and 
boys to come and help roll logs, or to raise a build- 
ing, or something like that, and to the women to 
come and bring their spinning wheels. At nightfall 
supper would be served, and then for a frolic by 
such as pleased to take part in it, which would 
doubtless be fast and furious, since those who par- 
ticipated were stalward lads and buxom lasses, and 
in sober truth, "all went merry as a marriage bell." 

And not seldom the women would carry their 
spinning wheels as they went and returned, on 

There have been indeed more harmful sports 
than these back- woods-balls, expecially if they 
were kept free from the mischievous presence of 
and disturbing power of intoxicating drinks (which 
was not always the case), since they were for the 
most part simply lively methods of working off a 
super-abundance of animal spirits, which mere 
hard work outdoors or indoors could not subdue. 

And to light the way home, all that had to be 
done was to carry a handful of hickory limbs, peel 
some bark, light the ends in the fireplace before 
leaving and keep the bark whisking about on the 
way. A group of torches scattered along among the 
trees, flaring and dancing and flashing as they 
were waved hither and thither by their bearers, 
presented a picturesque sight. 

From History of Randolph County, Indiana 

by E. Tucker. 


Bread was made mostly of cornmeal, and in 
three forms, viz.: "Dodgers," "Pone ," and "Johnny 

To the people now all these three are reckoned 
as one; but to the pioneer, they were entirely dis- 
tinct, yet all excellent of their kind, and either or 
all good enough to make "a pretty dish to set be- 
fore the king." 

"Dodgers" were made of meal with pure water 
and a little salt, mixed into a stiff dough, and 
molded with the hand into a kind of oval cake, and 
baked in a "bake-pan" or "Dutch-oven," viz., a 
round iron vessel as wide across as a half-bushel or 
less, and six or eight inches deep, with legs, of 
course, and a lid with a raised rim to hold coals on 
the top. 

The coals were put in abundance underneath the 
"oven," and on the top as well; and when the bread 
was done there came out the "dodgers," as moist, 
as sweet, as nice as epicure ever saw. 

"Pone" was made with meal, water and salt, 
with the addition of milk or cream and yeast, thin- 
ner than dodgers, and was baked in the same way. 

"Johnny Cake" was made with lard and butter, 
water and salt of course, and baked in a loaf or 
cake, say six inches wide and an inch thick, upon a 
board perhaps two feet long set up before the fire. 
When one side was baked enough the other side of 
the cake was turned to the fire till it was done, and 
then you would have perhaps the sweetest and best 
corn bread ever made. 

Besides these there were grated corn, pounded 
hominy, lye hominy, green corn (roasting ears), 
etc. Corn has been well said to be the poor man's 
grain, and on account, among other things, of the 
ease with which it can be made into food, the vari- 
ety of which it is capable, and the general excel- 
lence of the different kinds. 

After wheat had been raised, of course, some 
flour was used, but still for a long time corn was 
the chief source of bread. The mills were but poor, 
many of the first for grinding wheat having only 
hand bolts, and the flour would be none of the best. 

John Mann, in his reminiscences, said, "We used 
to grind out corn on a hand-mill. My father had 
one, and the neighbors were in the habit of coming 
and using it. It was hard work; a few quarts would 
tire a man completely out; you had to turn with 
one hand and feed with the other (a few grains at a 
time). The mill worked very slowly, and we gener- 
ally ground only enough for meal or two at once 
. . . the stones were about two feet across, home- 
dressed and home-made." 

From History of Randolph County, Indiana ... by E. Tucker, 



Most of the settlers brought with them into the 
wilderness all they could afford, to last them until 
more could be raised, at least to last for one year, 
and often for more than that. 

After a corn field and a truck patch must come a 
flax patch. Needed for work withflax was a flax- 
brake, a scutching-board, a hackle, a spinning- 
wheel, a quill-wheel and winding blades, warping 
bars and loom, all of which were very simple and 
inexpensive, and most of them could be made in 
the vicinity or even at home. And all the work, 
from sowing the seed to taking the last stitch upon 
the garment, was done upon the premises, and 
much of it was performed as easily by the lads and 
the lasses as by the men and women themselves. 

The hackling of the flax produced tow. This tow 
was carded and spun, the flax was spunt into 
"chain," and the tow into filling, and both were 
woven into "tow linin" and out of this strong and 
not unsightly fabric, many garments for summer 
wear were made; dresses for females being colored 
according to the taste, and the males wearing 
theirs uncolored. For winter people had sheep, and 
took the wool, carding it by hand, spinning it on a 
"big wheel," and weaving it with linen or cotton 
warp (or chain) into "linsey-woolsey" or "jeans." 
The "linsey" was worn mostly by the women, and 
the jeans by the men; sometimes the fabric was 
colored "butternut," and sometimes blue. 

Cambrics, muslins, etc., were scarce and costly, 
and rarely used. For outer garments men soon 
began to use deer-skins, making pantaloons and 
"hunting shirts." 

The garments were commonly made and worn 
large and free, which of course greatly added to 
their comfort and convenience. Sometimes, how- 
ever, in standing near the fire, a man would get his 
"breeches" hot, and another in mischief would 
slap the hot buckskin to the flesh, and the luckless 
wearer would jump, with a yell and a bound, clear 
across the room, as though the great log fire were 
tumbling on him. 

Upon the head the men wore in the winter 
chiefly a strong, well-made, low crowned, broad- 
brimmed wool hat, somewhat like that which the 
Quakers wear. In summer, home-made hats, 
braided from whole rye-straw, grown for that pur- 
pose, were in extensive use. Women also made 
their bonnets out of straw, only each particular 
straw was split into five or six pieces. Sun-bonnets 
were made of calico and pasteboard to protect the 
face from the sun and the wind and cold. 

Clothing answered the prime ends for which 
clothing is worn, decency and comfort. 

From History of Randolph County Indiana ... by E. Tucker. 

Weaving of cloth for clothing and household needs was an essential chore of every 
family. The flax brake and reel were used in preparing the thread which was then 
spun on the wheels to provide fibers for the loom. 


Implements were for the hand to use. The reap hook, the cradle, the Pugh 
plow, broadaxe and buck saw were farming tools; the box churn of wood 
and the soap barrel were household tools. 


The methods and means of work were simple 

Trees were girdled and felled, and cut into 
lengths with the ax. 

In fact the ax was, to the settler, the tool of all 
work. Without it he was helpless. With it he was a 
crowned king. 

With an ax and an auger and an old hand-saw, he 
could make wellnigh anything. 

Rail-splitting was done with maul and wedge. 

Moving logs was done with a lever, or hand- 
spike, while one in a hundred or thousand would 
boast a crow-bar. 

Clapboards were split out with a frow. 

Puncheons were split with a maul and wedge, 
and shaped and smoothed with the ax, or with a 
large, long frow, suited for the purpose. 

Flax was threshed by whipping the bundles on a 
barrel-head, or a block set endwise. 

Grain was hand-reaped, or cradled, and threshed 
with a flail, or tramped on the ground with horses, 
and cleaned with a sheet or a basket fan. 

Hauling was done on a sled, made out of 
"crooks" split from a tree-root. 

Plowing was done with a bar-share plow, which 
had only a wooden mold board. 

Hoes were huge, ungainly things, large enough 
to cut and dig "grubs" with. 

Many a farm was tilled for years with a single 
horse, or even an ox. 

Wagons were very scarce. To become the owner 
of a wagon was an event to reckon from as the 
beginning of a new era. 

One early settler says that the neighbors got up a 
milling expedition, taking a wagon with six horses, 
and twelve bushels of grain. The horses were res- 
tive and wild and would not pull together, and the 
wagon became fast in mud; and six men took a 
horse and a sack of grain apiece and "put out" for 
the mill, leaving the wagon in the mud-hole to be 
got out at some other time. 

From History- of Randolph County. Indiana ... by E. Tucker, 


Houses were furnished with practical items made 
by hand from wood. Utensils were of wood or 
earthenware. Iron pots and kettles for cooking in the 
fireplace were essential. Candles mounted on 
wooden posts or the fire in the fireplace furnished 
light. Some settlers were able to bring with them fur- 
niture or pieces of glass, pewter and silver to add a 
touch of beauty to these plain households. 

In time artisans among the newcomers designed 
and made products which were adapted for use in 
their new way of life. One such artisan who purch- 
ased land on Caraway Creek in 1794 and established 
a cabinetmaking trade was Jesse Needham. Most of 
his business was with Quakers who lived in the same 
area. All artisans brought some native or inherited 
skills with them, so that designs reflect the German, 
English and Scotch heritages represented by the 

Clothing was made by hand of wool, linen, cotton, 
or a mixture of wool and flax called linsey-woolsey 
which was stronger than cloth made of one fiber. 
Women performed every operation in the prepara- 
tion of the cloth from the wool , flax or cotton . Color- 
ful dyes were made from bark, roots, berries and 
vegetables. Wash day was spent around the boiling 
pot in the yard into which were thrown all clothes 
regardless of material or color. 

Everything the settlers wanted or needed they 
made, killed or grew; or, they did without. Each farm 
was a small diversified operation. The farmer did the 
work of engineer, mechanic, blacksmith, carpenter, 
animal husbandman, hunter, trapper and fisherman. 
The wives were equally versatile, furnishing food and 
clothing, providing child care and supplying the 
household with many necessities, such as candles, 
soaps and fuels. 

Grist mills were established early because of the 
need of the people for a better and faster way of 
obtaining meal and flour. The first on record is that of 
Samuel Walker on Sandy Creek in 1756. Before 1800 
there were more than forty mills in operation. Millers 
found water power to be plentiful, for streams were 
swift as they moved through these hills. 

Work was necessary in order to live. Large 
families meant a greater number of mouths to feed 
and bodies to clothe, but they also meant more help 
with the labor required. The work day began before 
dawn and ended after all outdoor and indoor chores 
were completed. Parents were responsible for teach- 
ing their own children, and possibly apprentices, the 
various functions of the home and farm. 

The life of the early settler, demanding as it was, 
was not without its relief. These resourceful people 
gathered in order to accomplish some chore and have 
enjoyment simultaneously. They would congregate 
for corn shuckings, quilting bees, and spinning 
matches; they helped with barn raisings and with 
building houses; they harvested crops together. Men 
met at taverns or grist mills for conversation and re- 


Many would put up a "camp," and live in that 
for some weeks or months, and wait to build a 
cabin until the large trees had been cleared from a 
place extensive enough to prevent danger from the 
tree trunks falling on the house. Others would put 
up their cabins in the dense woods, with perhaps a 
dozen trees near, any of which might, in a storm of 
wind, have crushed the dwelling and all its in- 
mates. And yet, though scores of cabins were 
erected thus, it is not known that a solitary tree 
ever threw its huge trunk upon the roof of a single 
settler's dwelling. 

Cabins were built of round logs from eight to ten 
inches through and covered with clapboards. They 
were of all sizes; - some perhaps twelve by four- 
teen feet, and some eighteen by twenty-five feet, 
with one seven or eight feet story and a loft above 
in the roof. 

A small cabin would have one door and one win- 
dow. A large one might, perhaps, possess two of 
each. The chimney and fireplace would be wholly 
outside, opening of course into the house. 

At the "raising," the neighbors for miles around 
were expected to come and lend their aid (who at 
first, were not many), and they went. No "shirks" 
were there. "Help me and I will help you," was 
their motto, and the rule was faithfully practiced. 

On the "raising day," the body of the house 
would be completed and the roof put on. Cutting 
out the door and window holes, and the opening for 
the fireplace putting in the doors and windows, 
building the fire-place and chimney, laying the 
pucheon floors, chinking and daubing the cracks 
between the logs, laying the loft, etc., were done by 
the owner at his pleasure as he had the opportunity. 
Barns and outhouses were raised from time to 
time, so as not to tax the settlers too heavily. 

These cabins, although not elegant, were, when 
properly completed, solid and substantial, and 
warm to boot; and many, many years of happy, 
contented, and prosperous life have been spent 
within their lowly walls. 

Many of the early-built cabins had no windows 
at all. The door and the big open-mouthed fire- 
place were the only avenues for light. Families who 
emigrated from Carolina in 1847, had never seen 
any glass windows, and had no idea what they were 

From History of Randolph County . Indiana, by E. Tucker, 1882. 


Inventory of the Estate of Eli Woodward in 1785 

The inventory of the estate of Eli Woodward, 
Deceased, filed at the December term of Court 
1785 lists the following possessions and provides a 
description of items on an average farm at that 

"1 basket, 1 pair hames, 1 doubletree, 1 single- 
tree, 1 barrel, 1 piggin, 3 bushels old corn, 1 pr. old 
horse shoes, 1 bread tray, 6 earthen crocks, 1 
wooden bowl, 3 earthen pans, 7 punchon, 1 earthen 
dish, 2 plates, 1 earthen jug, 5 earthen cups, 3 earth- 
en dishes, 6 spoons, 1 pewter bason, 3 plates, 1 
candlestick, 3 knives and forks, 3 cups and sau- 
cers, 2 pails, 1 fork, 1 churn, 1 rasor, 5 tea spoons, 1 
pr. pole hooks, 1 side neate saddle leather, 2 side 
sole leather, 1 chair, 1 doughtrough, 1 ink holder, 
1 mattock, 1 ax, 1 loome, 1 spinning wheel, 1 steer, 
1 cow and bell, 2 cows and calfs, 1 pied heifer, 1 
little steer, 1 heifer, 20 head of hoggs, 3 head 
sheep, 1 iron pot, 1 mare and colte, 1 mare, 1 young 
mare, 36Vz bushels wheate, 20 bushels oats, 58 doz. 
Oats, 280Vi bushels corn, a quantity of flax, lOVi 
bushels wheate, I bridle, 417 feete boards, 1 saddle 
and bridle, 1 bridle, 1 bed and furniture, the wear- 
ing apparel of the deceased." 

freshments. Hunting, trapping and fishing provided 
pleasure as well as food and profit. 

The Moravians may have described a typical house 
raising (1754) when they told about this one near their 

settlement: " was busy with his new house, 

and about twenty people were helping him, but things 
never go well at such a gathering for more time is 
spent in drinking brandy than in working." 

Favorite public recreation activities included horse 
races, cock fighting, dancing, wrestling, singing, 
playing cards, etc. The race track was a quarter mile 
in a straight line, hence the development of the name 
for quarter horses. Cock fighting was popular with all 
classes. Bets placed on the races and on the fighting 
helped to bring great excitement to these occasions. 
Liquor flowed freely at most of these outings. Over- 
indulgence was frowned upon, but a few drinks to 
help the cause along was the custom. Moderate 
drinking was considered healthy. 

Music was very important to all groups. Dances 
were scheduled often with the fiddle or violin as the 
instrumental leader. Group singing of hymns and bal- 
lads was part of every occasion, for every family had 
a heritage of music and song. 

At public functions all groups within the area met 
for a sharing of the recreation. The population was 
small enough for everyone to know everyone at a 
gathering and social and economic standings were 
subordinate to the pleasure of the day. 

A few landowners acquired thousands of acres of 
land through grants from Lord Granville between the 
years 1750 and 1770, but the average farm was much 
smaller. Those who held these Granville grants were 
required to make an annual payment for the use of 
their land. This "quitrent," a holdover in English law 
from feudal days, was designed to exempt the land- 
owners from certain other payments on their land to 
Granville's agents. It did not exempt them from taxes 
which were assessed by the colonial government. 

No matter the size of a man's property all who 
came here possessed the stamina to live in this 
"back-country" and to survive all of the uncertain- 
ties and difficulties they encountered. 

Dulcimers were wood musical instruments with wire strings played to 
accompany singing, especially in family groups. 

Parker Mill on Uwharrie River in 1940. The new Asheboro City Lake will be 
constructed near this spot. 


TRANSPORTATION AND One good reason for 
COMMUNICATION self-sufficiency was 

the poor state of trans- 
portation. Roads leading to the Piedmont were ex- 
tremely difficult to travel. Most trading took place 
close to home, although some men ventured to South 
Carolina or Virginia. The best routes ran north and 
south rather than to the eastern seaboard of this 
state. There is one record that Shubal Gardner of 
New Market drove a herd of cattle to market at 

The old Indian Trading Path from Hillsborough to 
Salisbury entered the county at McGee's Ordinary 
(Julian), passed through Cross Roads (Johnstonville), 
ran south of Caraway Mountain and left the county 
en route to Island Ford in the Yadkin River. From 
there it led west. In the other direction, north of Hill- 
sborough it ran to Petersburg, Virginia (Fort Henry), 
and on to Philadelphia. 

The earliest records show that before 1754 there 
was an Indian trading path from Cross Creek (now 
Fayetteville) through this area leading to the Blue 
Ridge. After white settlers began using it they named 
it the Cape Fear Road. Men carried their goods to 
Cross Creek from where they were shipped down the 
Cape Fear River. Salem also became a market 
center, for the Moravian Road to Cross Creek ran 
through here, making trade possible both ways. 

Aware of the poor road conditions the North 
Carolina General Assembly in 1764 passed an act giv- 
ing the county courts the authority to lay public roads 
and name overseers. All taxable males between the 
ages of sixteen and sixty were subject to work on the 
roads a certain number of days each year under the 
direction of an overseer. Changes were made from 
time to time in the upper and lower age limits. The 
portion of road assigned was near where each man 
lived, but some men took more interest than others in 
the condition of the roads. Many were the complaints 
about the impassable roads — and for good reason. 

Roads were the responsibility of the county from 
colonial days until 1931 when the state assumed obli- 
gation for their construction and maintenance. 

Transportation was difficult not only because of 
the poor condition of the roads but also because of 
the limited number of vehicles available. There were 
wagons and carts and a few sulkies and chairs, but 
the horse provided the major transportation aid. Rid- 
ers on horseback could travel fifty miles a day, but 
that pace was not likely if the horses were carrying 
loads. Using the ride and tie system, the settlers were 
able to rest the animal and themselves. The two- 
wheel cart was relied upon for many transportation 

For most people, however, walking was the com- 
mon mode of travel. They were accustomed to walk- 
ing long distances. Fortunately most of their ac- 
tivities were confined to their neighborhoods, but 
even so, they covered many miles. Merchants, 

Minutes from the Orange County Court of Pleas 
and Quarter Sessions 1764-1765 

August 1764. "Ordered that Tydance Lane, 
Thomas Aldred, Herman Cox, Adam Moffit, Wil- 
liam Wilbourne, Jr., Semore York, Henry York, 
Edward Welbourne, William Homes, Isaac Kirnes, 
John Hayes, William Norton, John Springer, Jr., 
James Martin, Edward Cowan and Jacob Polk to 
lay out a road from the County Line between 
Rowan and Orange, crossing Sandy Creek about 2 
miles above Guess's Mill thence into the best and 
most convient Road leading to Cape Fare." 

August 1765. "Richard Wright, Ebenezar Harris, 
John Fields, Herman Husbands, Thomas Pugh, 
Laughlin Campbell, James Hunter, William Ward, 
Benjamin Phillips, Jeremiah Field, Jesse Pugh, 
Joseph York and Peter lnlan to lay out a road 
beginning at the County line at the plantation of 
John Hannah to Harmons road." 

Act Passed by the North Carolina General Assembly 
in 1764 Concerning Roads 

An Act to impower the Inferior Courts of the 
several Counties in this Province to order the lay- 
ing out of Public Roads, and establish and settle 
Ferries; and to appoint where Bridges shall be 
built, for the Use and Ease of the Inhabitants of 
this Province; and to clear navigable Rivers and 

I. Be it Enacted, by the Governor, Council, and 
Assembly, and by the Authority of the same, That 
all Roads and Ferries, in the several Counties of 
this Province, that have been laid out or Appointed 
by Virtue of any Act of Assembly heretofore made, 
or by Virtue of any Order of Court, are hereby 
declared to be Public Roads and Ferries; and that 
from Time to Time, and at all Times hereafter, the 
Inferior Court of the several Counties in this Prov- 
ince, shall have full power and Authority to ap- 
point and settle Ferries; and to order the laying 
out Public Roads, where necessary; and to appoint 
where Bridges shall be made, for the Use and Ease 
of the Inhabitants of each County; and to discon- 
tinue such Roads as are now, or shall hereafter be 
made, as shall be found useless; and to alter 
Roads, so as to make them more useful, as often as 
Occasion shall require. 

It And be it further Enacted, by the Authority 
aforesaid. That each Inferior Court within this 
Province is hereby authorized and impowered to 
call any Person or Persons in their respective 
Counties to Account, for any Monies such Person 
or Persons may have in his or their Hands, by Vir- 
tue of any Distress heretofore made for Default of 
Working on any Road in such County; and all such 
Monies to receive and apply towards keeping in 
Repair the Roads and Bridges on which such De- 
fault was made. 


///. And be it further Enacted, That all Roads 
hereafter to be laid out shall be laid out by a Jury 
of Twelve Men, appointed by the said Inferior 
Courts respectively; Which Jury, being Freehold- 
ers, shall take an Oath to lay out the same to the 
Greatest Ease and Conveniency of the Inhabit- 
ants, and as little as may be to the Prejudice of any 
Private Person or Persons inclosed Ground; and 
the Damages which shall be sustained by any Pri- 
vate Person in laying out such Road, shall be as- 
certained by the same Jury, on Oath, who laid out 
such Road, to be equally assessed by the Inferior 
Court of Such County, and levied and Collected by 
the Overseer of such Road on the taxable Persons 
which ought to work on the same, and by him paid 
to the Party injured. 

lawyers, judges, itinerant ministers and peddlers 
spent much time in travel — and they were the ones 
who could make extensive reports on the roads they 
had to travel. 

Lodgings for travelers were scarce. The best 
known in this area were Colonel John McGee's Ordi- 
nary at the head of Sandy Creek located on the Trad- 
ing Path and Shubal Gardner's Inn at New Market 
which was a stop on the stagecoach road in the 
Johnstonville area. The Gardner Inn became a toll 
house on the Plank Road later. 

Inns were made known to strangers by a signal, 
usually a jug on the signpost, that lodging and liquid 
refreshments were available. Since most of the build- 
ings were small and contained few beds, travellers 
who arrived late slept on the floor. Food was served 
family style without decoration. Those who were 
travelling great distances retired early and rose early 
to attend to very minor ablutions and have a hearty 
breakfast before leaving for the next stop. 

Sometimes where there were no inns travellers 
were invited to spend the night in homes along the 
way. They could be paying guests or offered free 
lodging. But most travellers had no choice but to 
camp near the cart, wagon or horse belonging to 

IX. And be it further Enacted, That the Inferior 
Court of the said Counties shall annually appoint 
Overseers of the Highways or Roads, who are by 
this Act obliged to summon all Male Taxables, 
from the Age of Sixteen to Sixty (except such Per- 
sons as are or shall be exempted from Public Ser- 
vices by the Assembly) within their District, to 
meet at such Places and Times as to them shall 
seem Convenient, for the Repairing or making 
such Roads as shall be necessary; and except such 
as are or have been heretofore by Law excused 
from appearing at Musters; and such as tend Three 
Slaves, or other Three sufficient Hands, to work 
on the Public Roads; And whosoever shall upon 
such Summons, refuse or neglect to do and per- 
form their Duty therein, shall forfeit and pay the 
Sum of Two Shillings and Eight Pence, Proclama- 
tion Money, per Day, for each Person neglecting or 
refusing; to be recovered by a Warrant from a 
Magistrate of the County, and paid by the Sheriff 
or Constable to the Overseer, and by him to be 
expended in hiring other Hands to work on the 
said Roads. 

X. Provided nevertheless, That nothing herein 
contained shall be construed to exempt Overseers 
of Slaves from working on Roads. 

XI. Provided also, That the several Persons 
summoned by the Overseers to work on the Roads 
as aforesaid, shall not be liable to any Time for not 
appearing and doing their Duty, unless they shall 
be summoned Six Days before the Day appointed 
for working. 

Early map by Collet (1770) shows Caraway Mountains, Trading Path, Cape Fear 
Road, Cox's Mill, Richland Creek, Husband's Mill, Deep River, McGee's Ordi- 
nary, Pole Cat and Sandy Creeks, Fraser's Mill, Crafford's Path, Brush and 
Muddy Creeks, and Uwharrie (Voharee) River. 

|„.. Mil! . 



difficult the roads 
were to traverse, or how much work was to be done, 
settlers found a time and place to worship. Until a 
church could be built, people with the same beliefs 
would meet in a home. 

Irregular visits by travelling preachers or mis- 
sionaries were occasions for baptisms, weddings, 
funerals, sermons and prayer services. Perhaps the 
most famous of the visitors was Bishop Francis As- 
bury. He was in Randolph County six times be- 
tween 1780 and 1804. 

One of the first to arrive to establish a church was 
the Reverend Shubal Stearns, who came from New 
England in 1755 with a band of followers to Sandy 
Creek. This section of Randolph was still part of 
Orange County at that time. He and those with him 
were Separate Baptists of strong missionary fervor. 
The Colonial Records state that "a powerful and ex- 
tensive revival began, and Sandy Creek Church soon 
swelled from sixteen to six hundred and six mem- 
bers!" The sixteen communicants in the original 
party were: Shubal Stearns and wife, Peter Stearns 
and wife, Ebenezer Stearns and wife, Shubal 
Stearns, Jun., and wife, Daniel Marshall and wife, 
Joseph Breed and wife, Enos Stinson and wife, 
Jonathan Polk and wife. 

They built a little meeting house and from it started 
several new churches north and south in a radius of 
two hundred and fifty miles. The monument at Sandy 
Creek says that this church "is a mother church, nay 
a grandmother and great grandmother." 

Dissension over missionary endeavors and losses 
from the mother church in order to form the other 
churches reduced its membership by 1772 to fourteen 
members. Another contributing factor was the result 
of the church's strong stand against civil disorders 
and war. It was located near the homes of many Reg- 
ulators and some of them were members of the 
church. As Purefoy says in his History of Sandy 
Creek Baptist Association, "The civil commotions 
which affected the state also helped to reduce this 
church." Baptists were not to be a strong denomina- 
tion in the" county until after the Civil War. 

Another group to come to the county early in its 
settlement were the Quakers or members of the Soci- 
ety of Friends. The influence of Quaker beliefs and of 
their way of life has been very strong in the develop- 
ment of Randolph County. 

Holly Spring is mentioned by name in 1769 as a 
"daughter" meeting from Cane Creek Meeting in 
Orange County, but Friends were living on Deep 
River in 1758. Providence Meeting was organized 
around 1762 and the first meeting house was built in 
1769. Friends were gathering together in the Uwhar- 
rie area before 1780. In 1785 Back Creek Meeting 
was organized and the two Meetings then held alter- 
nate Monthly Meetings. When Uwharrie Meeting 

Visits of Bishop Asbury to Randolph County 

July 25, 1780: 

"I crossed Rocky River about ten miles from 
Haw River: It was rocky, sure enough; it is in 
Chatham County, North Carolina. I can see little 
but cabins in these parts, built with poles: and 
such a country as no man ever saw for a carriage. I 
narrowly escaped being overturned; was much af- 
frighted, but Providence keeps me, and I trust will. 
I crossed Deep River in a flat boat, and the poor 
fisherman sinner swore because I had not a silver 
shilling to give him. I rode to friend Hinton's, bor- 
rowed a saddle, and rode near six miles to get 
three, as we were lost; when we came to a place 
there were about sixty people. 1 was at some loss 
who to preach to, saints or sinners; but found sin- 
ners as unfeeling as those who are out of the reach 
of mercy ..." 

January 1790: 

". . . preached at William M'Master's chapel; 
afterward we had a night meeting and upon the 
whole 1 believe we were speaking about four hours, 
besides nearly two spent in prayer. We came to our 
friend Key's, and were kindly entertained. Thence 
we went to Mr. William Bell's on Deep River, and 
were received in the kindest manner; before I left 
the house, I felt persuaded that that family would 
come to experience the power of religion." 

December 1793: 

"Tuesday 17 . . . after eating, we had to ride 
sixteen or eighteen miles in the evening home with 
brother McGee. In the morning we crossed Deep 
River, in a flat, not without danger; thence down 
Caraway Creek to Randolph town; thence to 
Uwharrie at Fuller's Ford. Here we were assisted 
by some young men with a canoe. Thank the Lord, 
both men and horses were preserved! The young 
men sometimes prayed and sometimes swore. 
After riding three miles, came to Wood's, but Rus- 
set's was the place of preaching, where I found 
some who had heard me in Virginia many years 
past; I laboured to speak, although my throat was 
very sore; the hearts of the people appeared to be 
cold, as well as their bodies." 

November 1798: 

"Friday 16. We rode to Mr. Bell's, on Deep River, 
thence thirty miles to Wood's, upon Uwharrie 
River. This day was very warm, and we had exceed- 
ingly uncomfortable roads. Going at this rate is 
very trying; but it will make death welcome, and 
eternal rest desirable. 


February 1800: 

"Wednesday 26 . . . "We lodged at Mr. Bell's; 
having ridden only fifteen miles in two days. We 
left two appointments on the west side of Uwhar- 
rie: so much for that siege. My horse had hard 
work; my carriage was very loose in the joints by 
constant and long play; and myself much tired; but 
I revived when I saw the lawyers going to the West- 
ern courts. I thought, if they toiled and suffered 
for justice and silver, how ought I to labour for 
truth, and gold that perisheth not, and thousands 
of people, and hundreds of preachers." 

From The Journal and Letters of Francis Asbury, in three volum- 
es, ed. by Elmer T. Clark, J. Manning Potts and Jacob S. Payton, 
published jointly by Epworth Press, London and Abingdon Press, 
Nashville, n.d. 

Uwharrie Friends Meeting House, 1793-1856. Friends who were meeting 
in the Uwharrie area before 1780 built this house in 1793 and met in it until 
1856 when the meeting was laid down. The building stood for several 

i • 

Sandy Creek Baptist Church was the first church established in the Ran- 
dolph County area when it was still part of Orange County. In 1755 sixteen 
Separate Baptists moved to Sandy Creek from New England. This is an 
interior view of their second church building. 

was laid down soon after 1856, the congregation 
merged with Back Creek. The first meeting house at 
Marlborough was built in 1797 and in 1816 Salem and 
Marlborough were under the care of Center Monthly 
Meeting. Randolph County today has more monthly 
meetings than any other county in the state. 

The third group of settlers who established 
churches soon after they came were Germans who 
moved to the northeastern part of the county. Their 
major migrations were between the years 1745 and 
1760. The Richland Lutheran Church was built in 
1789, but Lutheran ministers were scarce and were 
sent to this area from sections of the state where 
more Germans lived. 

There were other Germans who settled in the 
Forks of the Uwharrie River in western Randolph. 
They were Pietists, known as Dunkers (Tunker- 
Baptist), Brethren or Mennonites. This may have 
been the largest Brethren settlement in the state. 
They were under the ministerial oversight of Jacob 
Stutzman and were here from approximately 1752 to 
1800. Records are few concerning these settlers be- 
cause their faith prohibited their participation in pub- 
lic life. There may be descendants of the Brethren in 
the county, but the majority of the members of this 
church moved to western counties or states. 

Methodist circuit riders came to this area under the 
general supervision of the state Methodist Society 
which was organized in 1772. They drew many con- 
verts to the new faith. Excerpts from Bishop As- 
bury's journals give a picture of his efforts. It is in- 
teresting to note that in 1780 he was 35 years of age. 
His last trip was made in the county in 1804, twelve 
years before his death in 1816. 

The first local Methodist preacher named in the 
early records was John McGee, son of Colonel John 
and Martha McGee. He and his brother, William, a 
Presbyterian minister, conducted the first known 
camp meeting in this area from December 1801 to 
January 1802 at Bell's Meeting, a log house built by 
William Bell in 1786 for use by all denominations. 



■ '-■- • 


Pews at a Friends Meeting did not offer comfortable seats for long meet- 
ings. This one is typical of the pews of most churches for the first years. 


After 1802 Bell's Meeting House was called Old 
Union Methodist Church from which churches have 

Some other early churches, denomination un- 
known, were Locust Mountain and Harris's Meeting 
House, both in the lower southwest section near the 
Uwharrie River. Mast Meeting House was located on 
the Uwharrie before 1800. 

Bishop Asbury shows in his journal that he found a 
frontier country here. There were doubters as well as 
believers, ruffians as well as law-abiding citizens, 
rough-hewn pioneers as well as gentle folk. While 
some sought adventure and gold, the majority of the 
settlers came to seek a way of life based on religious, 
civic and social principles of the highest order and 
their influence and example have prevailed. 

Church buildings of this period were many times 
used as schools also. Often teachers were also minis- 
ters who added the influence of the various denomi- 
nations of churches in the establishment of schools. 
Quakers emphasized education and maintained 
schools with meeting houses; German settlers did so, 
too, but their schools were faced with the need to 
help some students across the language barrier of 
speaking German in an English-speaking country. 

Schools, such as they were, were often given the 
names of the itinerant teachers. If a central place was 
not available, the teacher went from home to home 
where parents could afford to pay them, tutoring 
children of one family or of one neighborhood. 
Teachers were paid very small sums, were provided 
room and board, and at times were paid "in kind." 
Very little information is found about them outside of 
diaries, letters, etc., of the period in which families 
mention the teachers or the teachers write about their 
experiences in the communities. School sessions 
lasted only during the winter months. 

Most of the teachers were poorly prepared and re- 
ceived very little respect. In 1794 there were but 
three schools in all of North Carolina in which a clas- 
sic education might be secured. Advanced education 
was beyond the reach of most people. 

For poor children or orphans the apprentice sys- 
tem made it possible for them to learn to read, be- 
cause the law required that they be taught. The law 
also specified that they were to be given proper diet, 
to be provided lodging and other things necessary for 
health until the age of 21 for boys and 18 for girls. At 
the end of their indenture the girls usually received a 
dress and a cow or spinning wheel; the boys, a suit of 
clothes, a horse, saddle and bridle, or the tools of the 
trade he had learned. 


tExefmp 5 km 

p9r0t*$- : i corner/ /en r/* fitted rrthogr&jifiy- } — \ 

Richland Lutheran Church was established by German Settlers in 1787. The cemetery is one 
of the oldest church cemeteries in the county, but the building is not the original log house. 

Ui/jco/, //j l)//,/rr uf tgsy. — 

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Most teachers found it necessary to write their own textbooks in 
1830. Micajah Henley's is an example. 



Y, TlieProviDict ni' Sorth Carolina ii 

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[\ ShlUinajS Pi'i'C Mo.ifrvtobt-paidout 

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Colonial paper money in shillings dated 1771. 

An Act for the Better Care of Orphans . . . 1760 

". . . such Orphan shall by direction of the 
Court be Bound apprentice, every male to some 
Tradesman, Merchant, Mariner or other person 
approved by the Court, until he shall attain to the 
Age of Twenty-one Years, and every Female to 
some Suitable Employment 'till her age of eigh- 
teen years, and also such Court may in like man- 
ner bind apprentice all free base born children, 
and every such Female Child being a Mulatto or 
Mustee, until she shall attain the Age of Twenty- 
one Years, and the Master or Mistress of every 
such apprentice shall find and provide for him or 
her diet, cloaths, lodging and Accomodation, fit 
and necessary and shall teach, or cause him or her 
to be taught, to Read and Write and at the Expira- 
tion of his or her apprenticeship, shall pay every 
such apprentice the like allowance as is by Law 
appointed for servants by indenture or Custom 
and on refusal shall be Compelled thereto in like 
manner, and if upon Complaint made to the In- 
ferior Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions it shall 
appear that any such apprentice is ill used, or not 
taught the trade, profession, or Employment, to 
which he or she was bound, it shall be Lawful for 
such Court to remove and bind him or her to such 
other person or persons as they shall think fit." 
State Records of North Carolina, volume XXV. pp. 419-420 


encouragement for 
the settlers in the Piedmont to look statewide. With 
the handicaps of poor travel and trade conditions and 
a great lack of communication, they lived in almost 
complete isolation from everyone else. Their lives 
were affected, however, by the colonial government 
which controlled every matter concerning elections, 
taxation, laws and money. 

New counties were created by the General Assem- 
bly in the "back country'* as population totals grew 
large enough to support a local government. Orange 
County was established in 1752 and Rowan County in 
1753. Guilford County was formed from Orange and 
Rowan in 1771. 

Counties were also designated Parishes of the Ang- 
lican Church from 1754 to 1776. Orange County was 
known as St. Matthews Parish; Rowan as St. Lukes 
Parish; and Guilford as Unity Parish. 

County courts during the colonial years were com- 
posed of justices of the peace appointed by the gov- 
ernor. They were "the government" for they were 
responsible for everything in local government. They 
supervised the courthouse and stocks, the civil and 
criminal court trials; supervised roads, care of the 
poor, orphans, bastards, apprentices; made tax re- 
ports; registered marriages and bonds, deeds and es- 
tate records; appointed town commissioners, patrol- 
lers, coroners and all other local officials except the 
clerk of court. A royal or state official appointed the 
clerk of court and the governor appointed the sheriff. 

The sheriff, appointed for two years, was the chief 
executive officer of the court. He also served as the 
chief election official. He was often called the "high 
sheriff," an indication of the power he possessed. 

The governor and members of the state Council 
were appointed by the King of England until 1776; 
from that year until 1835 they were appointed by the 
General Assembly. 

The right to vote was limited to men who paid the 
"public taxes" which were the poll tax and the prop- 
erty tax. Those paying public taxes were eligible to 
vote for members of the state House of Representa- 
tives; those also owning at least a 50-acre freehold 
were eligible to vote for members of the state Senate. 
Free black men voted upon paying public taxes until 
1835 when amendments were adopted to the 1776 
state constitution removing this right. 

The restrictions placed on voting eligibility left cit- 
izens with only one or at most two opportunities to 
vote in the election of those representing them in 
state government. They could not vote for any local 

The taxes required by the state were the poll tax 
(also called head or capitation tax) and the property 
tax. Poll taxes were assessed on each male, white 
and free black, between the ages of 16 and 60. In 
stages this was changed to 21 and 50. This tax was 


levied on persons, not property, and was the same 
for each man regardless of his ability to pay. 
Slaveowners paid the poll tax on each male and 
female slave. 

The first property (or ad valorem) tax in North 
Carolina was levied in April 1777. The Revolution 
forced an increase in this tax from one-halfpenny to 
four shillings in 1781. This tax was set at various 
rates based on $100 valuation of property until the 
state ceased levying it in the 1920's, leaving the prop- 
erty tax to counties for assessment. 

Taxes were sometimes levied on top of other taxes 
before the original levy had expired, causing many 
inequities, to say nothing of confusion. The most 
hated levy was the one for the erection of the Gover- 
nor's Palace in New Bern, set at eight pence procla- 
mation money in 1766 for two years, plus a tax of two 
shillings per poll in 1767 for three years. The Palace 
seemed to the men in the "back country" to be un- 
necessary and far removed from those people who 
would never see it. 

Problems with Governor William Tryon (1765- 
1771) and his appointees caused people in this part of 
the state to petition for recognition of their rights. 

Jobe Allen, grandson of John Allen, built this home for his family after moving to 
the Holly Spring community in 1830. 

REGULATORS Citizens began to organize 
against unfair taxation and the 
dishonesty of local officials responsible for collecting 
the taxes. Their complaints were leveled at the way 
the officials took advantage of taxpayers more than 
at the laws themselves. Their intent was to force offi- 
cials to "regulate" the laws. By 1766 they came to be 
known as "Regulators." 

Local officials were chosen by the governor from 
among his friends. In Orange County Edmund Fan- 
ning (no kin to David Fanning) was registrar and held 
three other offices at the same time. In the same 
county the Regulators refused to pay their taxes be- 
cause of the unfair methods the Sheriff, Tyree Har- 
ris, used in making his collections. John Frohock of 
Rowan County was an important official holding five 
positions who at one time sold his clerkship to 
Samuel Spencer for 150 pounds. These men and 
other officials did not hesitate to charge outrageous 
fees for their services. They were paid from the fees 
they collected and all of them became wealthy. 

To add to the burden, the taxes had to be paid in 
specie (hard money). As most marketing and trading 
was done by barter, people had very little money of 
any kind. Produce was not accepted in the western 
counties as it was in the east. Very few coins were 
minted and paper money was not permitted even if it 
had been plentiful. 

The Regulator story is very much a part of this 
county's history although it occurred a few years be- 
fore the county was established. One of the leaders of 
the Regulators was Herman Husband, a prominent 

Poem by Rednap Howell about Edmund Fanning of 

Orange County and John Frohock of Rowan County 

Written between 1768 and 1771 


Says Frohawk to Fanning, to tell the plain truth, 
When I came to this country I was but a youth: 
My father sent for me; I wa'nt worth a cross, 
And then my first study was to cheat for a horse. 
I quickly got credit and strait ran away, 
And hav'nt paid for him to this very day. 


Says Fanning to Frohawk, 'tis a folly to lie, 

1 rode on an old mare that was bline of one eye, 

Six shillings in money I had in my purse, 

My coat it was patch 'd but not much the worse. 

But now we've got rich, and 'tis very well known, 

That we'll do well enough if they'll let us alone. 


When Fanning first to Orange came, 

He look'd both pale and wan: 

An old patch 'd coat upon his back, 

An old mare he rode on. 

Both man and mare wa'nt worth five pound, 

As I've been often told; 

But by his civil robberies, 

He 'as lac'd his coat with gold. 

From The Regulators in North Carolina, ed. by William S. Powell 
et al., 1971, p. 575-576. 




The humble Petition of us the Subscribers 
sheweth that We the Inhabitants of Orange 
County pay larger Fees for recording Deeds than 
any of the adjacent Counties and many other Fees 
more than the Law allows by all that We can make 
out from which a jealosie prevails that we are mis- 
used and application has been made to our repre- 
sentatives to satisfy us But we are disregarded in 
the said application upon which the said discon- 
tent growing more and more so as to threaten a 
disturbance of the public peace, we therefore beg 
that those matters may be taken under your seri- 
ous consideration and interpose in our Favour so 
that we may have a fair hearing in this matter and 
(be) redressed where we have been wronged Our 
complaints are too numerous and long to be 
notified in a Petition, but have sent herewith 
copies of the Applications Petitions &c that have 
been made on this Occasion with a small sketch of 
our Misusage and begging your protection and ap- 
robation in so just and equitable an undertaking 
and an opportunity to be heard We conclude your 

humble Petitioners. Colonial Records, Vol. VII, p. 733-737. 

ca. May 1768. (This Advertisement was signed by three pages of 
names, many of whom were from Randolph County.) 

To the People now Assembled 
in Arms who Style themselves 

Great Alamance Camp May 16, 1771 
In answer to your Petition, I am to acquaint you 
that I have ever been attentive to the true Interest 
of this Country, and to that of every Individual 
residing within it. I lament the fatal Necessity to 
which you have now reduced me, by withdrawing 
yourselves from the Mercy of the Crown, and the 
Laws of your Country, to require you who are As- 
sembled as Regulators, to lay down your Arms, 
Surrender up the outlawed Ringleaders, and Sub- 
mit yourselves to the Laws of your Country, and 
then, rest on the lenity and Mercy of Government. 
By accepting these Terms in one Hour from the 
delivery of this Dispatch you will prevent an effu- 
sion of Blood, as you are at this time in a state of 
War and Rebellion against your King, your Coun- 
try, and your Laws. 

Wm Tryon 

citizen of the Sandy Creek area where he owned over 
a thousand acres of land. Besides being the spokes- 
man for the group, he produced most of the pam- 
phlets and petitions distributed by them. His second 
wife was Ann Pugh, sister of James Pugh; his third 
wife was Amy (Emy or Emey) Allen. Because of his 
personal convictions his efforts were spent for a 
peaceful settlement of the differences. 

Other leaders living in the Randolph area were 
Rednap Howell, William Butler, John Butler, James 
Hunter, James Pugh. and Ninian Hamilton. 

Some other families listed as Regulators were 
Fruit, York, Craven, Kivett, Linderman, Branson, 
Low, Fields, Moffitt, Julian, Billingsly and Cox. Men 
in these families and those mentioned above were 
outlawed by Governor Tryon for being Regulators 
and for participating in raids against agents of the 

Beginning in 1766 the Regulators petitioned many 
times without success for meetings with the governor 
to discuss their grievances. When five hundred resi- 
dents of Orange County petitioned the governor in 
1768 in "Regulator Advertisement Number 8," 
Tryon responded by ordering them to cease their re- 
bellious activities and to pay their taxes as levied. He 
promised to meet them in September of that year in 
Hillsborough where Edmund Fanning was being tried 
for taking excessive fees and Herman Husband and 
William Butler were on trial for "inciting the 
populace to rebellion." Fanning was found guilty and 
punished with a fine of "one penny and costs." He 
soon resigned as registrar but kept his other offices. 
Husband was acquitted partially because numbers of 
Regulators gathered in Hillsborough and more impor- 
tantly because the court did not prove him guilty. 
The others on trial were convicted and then pardoned 
by the governor. The Regulators were not satisfied, 
however, for in spite of all this activity their grie- 
vances had not been addressed. 

From 1768 to 1771 the Regulators added many to 
their cause, because nothing was done to alleviate 
the burden placed on people by agents of the gover- 
nor. One of the governor's answers had been to at- 
tempt to divide the Regulators by establishing the 
County of Guilford from parts of Orange and Rowan. 
He made no effort to listen to the petitions of the 

Instead, by January 1771 Governor Tryon had de- 
cided to order the militia to put down the "rebellion" 
and in March he marched from New Bern to Hill- 
sborough collecting troops along the way. When he 
learned that the Regulators were gathering near the 
Great Alamance Creek, he led his men in that direc- 

The Regulators were not prepared for war; most of 
them were unarmed, for they were writing yet 
another petition and were hoping to convince the 
governor by their show of numbers. 


After a series of unfortunate events on May 16, the 
two groups, now only twenty-five yards apart, fired 
on each other. The Battle of Alamance lasted two 
hours. The artillery and cavalry of the governor's 
troops overwhelmed the riflemen of the Regulators, 
but they fought on by hiding behind trees and rocks. 
The Regulators lost an unknown number of men who 
are buried on the battleground. The hundred or so 
wounded were cared for by Cane Creek Meeting 

Herman Husband, Rednap Howell and others left 
the state. Having been declared outlaws, their lives 
were in danger in North Carolina and they could not 
be of help to the cause at that time. 

After the Battle of Alamance Governor Tryon and 
Colonel Edmund Fanning with the Royal Army 
moved westward on their way to the Wachovia Set- 
tlement. On May 21, 1771, they reached the planta- 
tion of James Hunter, one of the Regulator leaders 
who had been declared an outlaw. They spent about 
three hours there to administer the Oath of Al- 
legiance to large numbers of the Regulators who 
came into camp to give themselves up. Before the 
Army left Hunter's they burned his home and barns. 
James Hunter lived on the upper reaches of Sandy 
Creek and had married Mary Walker, daughter of 
Samuel Walker, owner of Walker's Mill. 

That same day the Army left Hunter's and 
marched down Sandy Creek reaching the plantation 
of Herman Husband late in the afternoon. Governor 
Tryon stayed at Husband's for a week and before the 
Army marched again they had destroyed everything in 
the fields and burned the manor house and all out- 

On Friday the Orange Corps was sent to Harmon 
Cox's to get supplies from Deep River and Richland 
Creek settlements. They were then to march toward 
Deep River where the Indian Trading Path crossed 
the river. On Sunday Major Hawkins who had moved 
toward this position wrote the Governor that he was 
stopped at Pole Cat Creek, two miles from the river 
and could not cross as it was flooded. They remained 
in camp the next day during heavy rains with nothing 
to shelter them but the boughs and bark of trees. 

By Wednesday Governor Tryon and his troops had 
joined the others and they all crossed Pole Cat Creek 
by felling a large log over the creek and crossing 
Indian file. It took five hours for all to cross. They 
marched to Deep River where they camped on the 
northeast banks. 

Early the next morning Colonel Fanning and his 
troops crossed the river and went ahead of the gov- 
ernor, crossing the Uwharrie River at the ford. He 
then marched to Flat Swamp where he camped. 

On the morning of Friday, May 31. Governor 
Tryon from his Kaiway (Caraway) Camp renewed his 
proclamation of May 17 stating that all men who 
wished to take the Oath of Allegiance could do so 
either at his camp or at General Waddell's. At noon 
he met General Waddell at Flat Swamp and from 

Location of the Battle of Alamance, now a State Historic Site in Alamance 
County. Flags of different colors show the positions of the troops on each side of 
the battle. 

John Allen home. 1782. His daughter. Amy, married Herman Husband. This 
home has been moved to the Alamance Battleground and restored. 

Plaque at Guilford Battleground honoring Martha McFarland McGee Bell. 


g#9^ #fi 

* ^ 1%^- 

Buffalo Ford, the best crossing on Deep River between Island Ford and 
the Moore County line, was named for the buffalo who crossed the river 
here. It was used by Indians, settlers, soldiers and travellers. 

Governor Tryon's Offer of Amnesty May 17, 1771 

By His Excellency William 
Tryon Esquire His Majesty's 
Captain General and Governor 
in Chief in and over the said 

A Proclamation 
Whereas I have been informed that several ig- 
norant Persons have been under false pretences 
induced to join in Arms to oppose Government and 
the Laws of this Country, Therefore out of Hu- 
manity and in Tender Compassion to the Dis- 
tresses that must fall on them and Their Families 
should they through fear of Punishment persist in 
their Errors, 1 hereby give notice to every Person 
(except those who stand outlawed, and such as are 
now prisoners in the Camp) who will come into 
Camp, lay down their Arms, take the Oath of Al- 
legiance and promise to pay all Taxes that are now 
due or may hereafter become due by them respec- 
tively, and submit from this Day to the Laws of 
this Country, shall have His Majesty's most Gra- 
cious and free Pardon for all Treasons Insurrections 
and Rebellions done or committed before this Day 
provided They make their Submission aforesaid on 
or before the 21 Instant. 

Given under my Hand and the 
Great Seal of the said Province 
this 7 7 Day of May A Dom 

Wm. Tryon 

God save the King 

there they marched to Salem arriving there in time to 
celebrate the King's birthday. 

The trial of the captured Regulators began at Hill- 
sborough on June 4, 1771, and lasted until June 18. 
Six men were executed immediately: James Pugh 
from Randolph County, Benjamin Merrell, Robert 
Matear, Captain Messer and two others who are un- 
known. Forrester Mercer, James Stewart, James 
Emerson, Harmon Cox, William Brown and James 
Copeland were later pardoned by the governor. On 
June 19 Thomas Donaldson was paid five pounds 
each for hanging the six men. 

By mid-June over 3,000 Regulators had taken the 
Oath of Allegiance. Others left the state. It has been 
said that some 1,600 families moved to South 
Carolina or to what is now eastern Tennessee. The 
exact number has never been determined, for some 
left who did not own land and others who sold their 
property did so in such great haste that records were 
poorly kept. 

The next few years were a prelude to the Revolu- 
tion. The very principles fought for at the Battle of 
Alamance in 1771 were the ones which caused 
bloodshed at Lexington and Concord in the Mas- 
sachusetts Colony in 1775. The Continental Congress 
met in Philadelphia and the Declaration of Indepen- 
dence was signed July 4, 1776. 

With the coming of the war those Regulators who 
had been required to take the Oath of Allegiance to 
the King in order to save both land and lives were 
now faced with a new question. Did the Oath they 
had taken bind them to the King or now was this 
Oath void because independence had been declared? 
Could they rightfully fight for the new nation? 

In the meantime, Governor Josiah Martin who had 
succeeded Tryon had issued a general Act of Pardon 
to the Regulators. When the State of North Carolina 
called for troops, some men upheld their oath and 
fought for the British, some took up arms to fight for 
the United States and served in the Continental 
Army or in the State Militia, and others remained 

REVOLUTION By 1779 when Randolph County 

was established, the nation was 
already four years into the Revolution with four more 
years to come. This was a county divided in sym- 
pathies: Whig or Patriot; Loyalist or Tory; those who 
would not bear arms because of religious beliefs; and 
those who wished to remain neutral. Men fought on 
both sides in the battles to the north and south, but 
actual warfare had left the county practically un- 

Quakers, Moravians, Mennonites, and Dunkers 
were taxed four-fold because they refused to partici- 
pate in the fighting. This tax was levied in exchange 
for exemption. If they refused to pay the tax in op- 
position to support of the war in any way, their lands 
were subject to confiscation. 


All residents whether participants or not were in 
constant danger because both armies in the conflict 
scoured the countryside for food and supplies for 
their men. The armies "lived off the land" and doing 
so brought difficulties to everyone in their paths. 

By the middle of the year 1780 General Horatio 
Gates, after his success in the Northern Campaign, 
had been given command of the Southern Army by 
General George Washington. General Johann, Baron 
de Kalb, with his Division was already in the South 
awaiting the arrival of General Gates to assume 

On July 16 Kalb wrote General Gates from Deep 
River that he had with him the Maryland and Dela- 
ware Regiments, a small number of artillerymen and 
Colonel Armand's Legion. Since supplies were not to 
be had he was moving toward Cox's Mill higher up 
the river and expected to be joined there by Major 
General Richard Caswell with about 1,200 of the 
North Carolina Militia. He would have the General's 
quarters ready near camp when Gates arrived. 

General Caswell wrote Governor Abner Nash on 
July 31 that he had arrived on the 18th at the Cross 
Roads on Deep River. While there he had sent out 
parties and gathered four days' provision for his 
troops by threshing wheat and had left some wheat in 
the mills for the use of the troops that were to follow 
him. He also sent about 400 head of cattle to Kalb. 
Morgan Brown wrote Kalb on August 2 from Guil- 
ford County that he had received his instructions by 
General Harrington and had purchased 400 bushels 
of wheat and 25 steers. He was having the wheat 
ground and was awaiting instructions on what to do 
with the beef. 

General Gates arrived at Cox's Mill on July 25 and 
relieved Kalb from command. He informed him they 
were to move immediately southward toward Cam- 
den, South Carolina. In the meantime Colonel Fran- 
cis Marion, "The Swamp Fox," and his troop of 
Cavalry had joined Gates and Kalb at Cox's Mill in 
the latter part of July. Gates sent Marion and his 
Company into South Carolina as scouts for the army. 
Two days after Gates joined Kalb, the army struck 
camp and marched down the west side of Deep River 
and encamped at the farm of Enoch Spinks. While at 
the Spinks' farm Gates wrote to General Edward 
Stevens who had arrived at Cox's Mill. Stevens an- 
swered that he could not move as they were short of 
provisions. The inhabitants had already had every- 
thing they could spare taken from them. He said, 
"Believe me, Sir, I have had a terrible time of it." 

From Spinks the army resumed its march toward 
Camden where they met the British Army on August 
15. The result was the defeat of the American forces 
and the death of Kalb. Shortly afterwards General 
Gates was relieved of command and General 
Nathanael Greene was placed in command of the 
Southern Army. 

Offer of Pardon to Tories by Governor Alexander 
Martin December 25, 1781 

State of North Carolina. 
By the Hon. Alexander Martin, Esq., Speaker of 
the Senate, Captain General, Governor and Com- 
mander in Chief in and over the said State. 

Whereas divers of citizens of this State, have 
been deluded by the wicked artifices of our 
enemies, & have revolted and withdrawn them- 
selves from the faith and allegiance, which before 
God, they plighted to owe their country, and 
treacherously have taken up arms against the 
same; being convinced that they have been be- 
trayed by false hopes, supported by deceit, and now 
find themselves deserted by our feeble and despair- 
ing enemy, and left unprotected to the vengeance 
of the State, to inflict those punishments due to 
their crimes; and in tender compassion to the feel- 
ings of humanity to spare such who are willing to 
return, and to stay the hand of execution, in the 
unnecessary effusion of blood of citizens who may 
be reclaimed, I have thought fit to issue this my 
proclamation of pardon to such of the above per- 
sons, who may surrender themselves before the 
10th day of March next, on this express condition, 
that they immediately enlist in the Continental 
battalions; and render a personal service for 
twelve months after the time of their rendezvous 
at headquarters, and having faithfully performed 
the same for the said term, it shall be deemed as 
having expiated their offences and be entitled to, 
and be restored to the priviledges of citizens. All 
Officers finding men of this class, guilty of mur- 
der, robbery, and house breaking, to be precluded, 
from the above, notwithstanding; and I do hereby 
require the Honourable the Judges of the Superior 
Courts of Law, of Oyer and Terminer, and general 
jail delivery, and all officers, civil and military, 
within the State to take notice of this my procla- 
mation and govern themselves accordingly. Given 
under my hand and seal of arms at Halifax this 
25th of December, 1781, and is the sixth year of 
our Independence. 

By his Excellency's command, 

John Hawkins, Dy. Sec'y. 

"God save the State." 


Pottery piece found at the kiln site near Mt. Shepherd in 1975 when 
archaeologists excavated the site of a pottery works in existence ca. 
1775. It portrays a colonial soldier. 

For almost a year Randolph County was quiet. In 
fact, the worst was yet to come and would last well 
into the year after the surrender of Lord Cornwallis 
at Yorktown, Virginia, on October 19, 1781. This 
troubled time was the year and a half that the dreaded 
Tory, Colonel David Fanning, waged his reign of ter- 
ror over the countryside. 

On the morning of March 15, 1781, before the Bat- 
tle of Guilford Court House, Lord Cornwallis sent 
Colonel Hamilton with 100 Infantry and 20 Cavalry 
with his wagons and baggage to Bell's Mill on Deep 
River. After the battle Cornwallis wrote to Sir Henry 
Clinton that he had marched from Guilford and on 
the morning of March 18 he had arrived at Bell's Mill. 
There he gave the troops a two days' rest and pro- 
cured a small supply of provisions. He commented 
that this was near a part of the "County where the 
greatest number of our friends were supposed to re- 
side. Many of the inhabitants rode into Camp, shook 
me by the hand, said they were glad to see me, and to 
hear that we had beat Green, and then rode home 
again; for I could not get 100 men in all the Reg- 
ulators' Country to stay with us, even as Militia." 

Captain William Bell owned and operated Bell's 
Mill which stood near the mouth of Muddy Creek and 
the west side of Deep River and about one-fourth 
mile up river from the Martha McGee Bell Bridge, 
named for his wife, that spans Deep River on Bypass 
U.S. 220. Bell was appointed the Commissary to fur- 
nish supplies for the North Carolina Militia. Bell's 
Mill was headquarters for the Militia troops assigned 
to guard the commissary. On May 6, 1779, Bell had 
married Martha McFarland McGee, widow of Colo- 
nel John McGee who owned McGee's Ordinary and 
mill on Sandy Creek. She had married Colonel 
McGee in 1759 and they had five children. Martha 
and William Bell had no children. 

The Bell home was on a knoll near the river and 
near the mill. When Lord Cornwallis spent two days 
there after the battle, tradition says that Martha 
asked him if he intended to burn the mill before he 
left. If his intentions had been to destroy it, she plan- 
ned to burn it herself. The mill was not burned and 
continued in operation many years. A monument has 
been placed on the Guilford Court House Battleg- 
round in memory of Martha Bell which says, "Loyal 
Whig, Enthusiastic Patriot, Revolutionary Heroine." 

Women were left with homes, farms and children 
in their care when their husbands served with the 
militia or the Tory forces. Many are the stories of 
their bravery. 

From Revolutionary War pension applications 
filed by soldiers who saw combat the following 
statements have been gleaned. 

Robert Duncan was drafted about two months be- 
fore the Battle of Guilford Courthouse to serve under 
the command of Captain Robert McLane and Colo- 
nel John Litterle (Lutrell). He was selected by Cap- 
tain McLane to help in building a house for the pur- 
pose of storing corn for the use of General Greene's 
Army. He was placed as guard after the corn was 
collected. General Greene's Army came and took a 
supply and passed on to Guilford where the battle 
was fought in a few days. Duncan does not mention 
where the corn was kept, but it must have been Bell's 
Mill, for during the battle he heard the sound of guns. 
Captain McLane rode to see which army stayed in 
possession of the battle ground and finding the 
British in control, he left the store house and ordered 
Duncan to do the same. Before Duncan could leave a 
detachment of the British came by, made use of a 
parcel of the corn and then moved on without inter- 
fering with him. 

Bryant Smith, a Private under Captain William 
Gray and Colonel Thomas Dougan in a Company of 
Light Horse, joined the Regiment of Colonel Lit- 
terale (Lutrell). They rendezvoused at the Randolph 
Court House at Cross Roads and marched to the 
main army near Guilford Court House. Two days 
later about noon the battle commenced by cannonad- 
ing, after which the British advanced and attacked 
the portion composed of the North Carolina Militia. 


Many ran without firing a gun. The next line fought 
bravely and the ones who at first retreated returned 
and kept up a heavy fire for about two hours before 
they were forced to retreat. As Cornwallis moved 
south and east they pursued him for about one 
hundred miles and were then ordered back to Ran- 
dolph County to engage the Tories commanded by 
Colonel David Fanning. 

Solomon Geran. home on leave after being 
wounded, stated that he could hear the sounds of the 
Battle of Guilford Courthouse from his father's house 
on Pole Cat Creek. 

Daniel Merrell, Private in the Light Horse, was 
repeatedly called out by his officers. Captain John 
Knight and Colonel John Collier, to defend the coun- 
try against the outrages of the Tories. The summons 
to arms might be and often was the light of a dwelling 
house on fire or women and children flying for safety 
from Tory cruelties. One time Merrell had his horse 
shot from under him with several bullets passing 
through his clothes. He was taken prisoner and re- 
ceived a dangerous wound on the head inflicted with 
a broad sword. 

James and Henry Morgan were called out in the 
spring of 1781 by Colonel John Collier and placed 
under the command of Captain John Hines and 
Lieutenant William York. They met the Tory forces 
at the mouth of Sandy Creek where they had an en- 
gagement with them. James Morgan said they were 
defeated with the loss of three men killed and two 
wounded. One of the wounded was Lieutenant York. 
Henry Morgan, telling of the same skirmish, said that 
David Brower, David McMaster and Joel Benge 
were the three men killed. 

Mannering Brookshire was a Lieutenant of 
Cavalry under the command of Captain Edward Wil- 
liams, Captain John Knight, Lieutenant Colonel An- 
drew Balfour and Colonel Collier. He was in many 
engagements with the Tories commanded by Colonel 
Fanning and was taken prisoner by them three times, 
twice at Colonel Sheppard's and once at Colonel Bal- 
four's. He said that for a long time after the defeat of 
Cornwallis the Tories were as dangerous and 
troublesome as they had ever been. 

ty's story is not 
complete without an account of the efforts made by 
Colonel David Fanning to stamp out the rebellion in 
this area. He was extremely loyal to the King of Eng- 
land and despised all men who sought to become inde- 
pendent of the English sovereignty. His Narrative 
shows him to be a brilliant person. He describes in 
detail his activities for the months between the summer 
of 1781 and September 1782 when he left Randolph 

Fanning was born in Johnston County, North 
Carolina, in 1754. He was apprenticed to a Mr. 
Bryant, from whom he ran away when he was about 
sixteen years of age. He spent some time after this 
with a family in Orange County. About three years 
later he went to South Carolina and became an Indian 
Trader, trading with the Catawbas. After the start of 
the Revolution he became a Tory in South Carolina 
where he fought until the summer of 1781 when he 
came back to North Carolina. He made his headquar- 
ters in Randolph and Chatham Counties, camping in 
the Brush Creek — Deep River sections, from where 
he carried on his campaign against the Whigs. 

In his Narrative he relates the events of his raid in 
Randolph County when Lieutenant Colonel Andrew 
Balfour and others were killed: "... and on the 12th 
of March, my men being all properly equipped, as- 
sembled together, in order, to give them a small 
scourge, which we set out for. On Balfour's planta- 
tion, when we came upon him he endeavored to 
make his escape; but we soon prevented him, fired at 
him, and wounded him. The first ball he received was 
through one of his arms; and ranged through his 
body; the other through his neck; which put an end to 
his commiting any more ill deeds. 

"We also wounded another of his men. We then 
proceeded to their Colonel's (Collier), belonging to 
said county of Randolph. On our way we burnt sev- 
eral rebel houses, and catched several prisoners; the 
night coming on and the distance to said Collier's, 
was so far, that it was late before we got there. He 
made his escape, having received three balls through 
his shirt. But I took care to distroy the whole of his 
plantation. I then persued our route, and came, to 
one Captain John Bryan's; another rebel officer. I 
told him if he would come out of the house, I would 
give him parole; which he refused, saying that he had 
taken parole from Lord Cornwallis, swearing 'by 
God' he had broken that and that he would also break 
our Tory parole." With that I immediately ordered 
the house to be set on fire, which was instantly done. 
As soon as he saw the flames of the fire, encreasing, 
he called out to me, and desired me to spare his 
house, for his wife's and children's sake, and he 
would walk out with his arms in his hands. I immedi- 
ately answered him, that if he walked out, that his 
house should be saved, for his wife and children. 
When he came out, he said 'Here damn you, here I 
am." With that he received two balls through his 
body: He came out with his gun cocked, and sword at 
the same time. 

"The next day following being the 13th March, 
was their election day to appoint Assembly men, and 
was to meet at Randolph Court House. I proceeded 
on in order to see the gentlemen representative; On 
their getting intelligence of my coming they immedi- 
ately scattered; I prevented their doing anything that 

"From thence I proceeded on, to one Major Du- 
gin's house, or plantation, and I distroyed all his 
property; and all the rebel officers property in the 


settlement for a distance of forty miles." 

Although Colonel Fanning makes no mention of 
William Millikan, Isaac Farlow, a child at the time of 
the raid, says that Fanning also burned the home of 
William Millikan who lived on Back Creek. 

On the tenth of December 1781 Colonel Elijah 
Isaacs with 200 men came down from the mountains 
and camped at Cox's Mill in order to suppress Colo- 
nel Fanning and his troops. During this time. Colonel 
Isaacs "ravaged the whole settlement, and burnt and 
distroyed houses a number of houses belonging to 
friends of the government." Colonel Fanning advised 
the Tories to "remain neutral, if possible and make 
their peace, as he could not protect them." Captain 
Stinson, of Colonel Isaac's men, captured David 
Jackson and "hung him up without ceremony." Dur- 
ing this time Colonel Fanning was "in the woods and 
kept moving with a small party as occasion re- 

On May 1, 1782, Colonel Fanning overtook An- 
drew Hunter who had been a prisoner and paroled by 
the British, but had broken his parole. In telling of 
Hunter's capture. Fanning said, "In the meantime, I 
was examining his papers, I set a centinel over him. 
He knowing himself guilty, expected nothing but 
death he took the opportunity, and sprung upon my 
riding mare, and went off with my saddle, holsters, 
pistols, and all my papers of any consequence to me. 
We fired two guns at him; he received two balls 
through his body but it did not prevent him from 
sitting the saddle; and make his escape. I took the 
other man, and caused him to take me to the man's 
plantation; (Hunter's) when I took his wife, and three 
negro boys, and eight head of horses. I kept his wife 
for three days in the woods; and sent the man to see, 
if he would deliver up my mare, and property, con- 
taining my papers; for which he wrote me the follow- 
ing letter. 

"Sir, Col'o Fanning, I Hope that you do not blame 
me for what I did. Hoping you will have mercy on 
me, as I am wounded, and let my wife come to me. 
Your mare shall be returned to you without fail. Your 
mare I don't crave, and I hope you don't covet mine 
... I beg that you will have pity on my wife and 

Faith Rock in Franklinville, so named because Andrew Hunter rode down 
this rock into Deep River on Bay Doe, David Fanning's horse, to escape a 
band of Tories. 

children. The negroes and horses I am willing you 
shall keep until you get your mare I have sent to a 
Doctor. But the mare will be back to night. No More, 
but you may depend on my word. (Signed) Andrew 
Hunter' " Edward Williams also wrote Colonel Fan- 
ning that he had seen Hunter and he was badly 
wounded, and was very ill. 

On May 7, Fanning had decided his horse would 
not be returned before he went to the Pee Dee River 
in South Carolina and from there to Charlestown. On 
September 5 Fanning was back in Randolph County, 
once more trying to find his mare, but was informed 
"that Hunter had refused five negroes for the mare, 
and would not return her to him." On the 22d Fan- 
ning, knowing that Charlestown was to be evacuated, 
went back to South Carolina and eventually made his 
way to Nova Scotia where he lived until his death in 

There are other accounts of this incident which 
were written several years afterwards. In his Revolu- 
tionary Incidents the Reverend E.W. Caruthers in- 
cluded this story: "Hunter said afterwards, that, as 
he darted off, he heard Fanning telling them to kill 
the rascal, but take care and not kill his mare." 
Hunter, bleeding badly, made his way to the home of 
Nathaniel Steed where he was cared for. A few days 
later he was sent to Salisbury where the balls were 
extracted. Fanning after Hunter's escape made his 
way to Hunter's home where he took Mrs. Hunter, 
"far advanced in pregnancy" and the negroes to 
Bear Creek in Moore County, where after a few days 
she was released to find her way home. 

Caruthers says that the Bay Doe, as the mare was 
known, saved Hunter's life again "when he was rid- 
ing the Bay Doe on the high ground, south of Deep 
River and not far above the Buffalo Ford, where the 
village of Franklinville now stands, he was like to be 
overtaken by some of Fanning's men." Rather than 
be captured and not being able to reach the ford of 
the river, he turned his horse and plunged from a 
rock "some fifty feet high into the river." This rock 
today is known as Faith Rock and is south of the 
River Bridge at Franklinville. 

Colonel Fanning describing some of the hardships 
of the Tory families said, "their properties real and 
personal, taken to support their enemies — the fa- 
therless and widows stripped, and every means of 
support taken from them — their houses and lands 
and all personal property taken, and no resting place, 
could be found for them . . . robbed of a free and 
mild government, betrayed and deserted by their 
friends, what can repay them, for the misery?;;; 
Numbers of them left their wives and children in 
North Carolina, not being able to send for them; and 
now in the west Indies and other parts of the world 
for refuge and not returned to their families yet. 
Some of them that returned under the Act of Oblivion 
passed in 1783, was taken to Hillsboro. and hanged 
for their past services that they rendered the gov- 
ernment whilst under my command." 


The county was named for Peyton Randolph of Virginia, popular 
leader and President of the Continental Congresses of 1774 and 1775. 
He received his legal education in London. 

He also made the statement that "'Major John 
Rains and Captain George Rains were two of the dis- 
ervingest officers that ever acted in America during 
the late war . . . John Rains had two mills burnt; 
three dwelling houses and besides a barn and prop- 
erty totally taken away." 

Fanning was a capable and fearless military man 
who could not be ignored. The leaders of the new 
county of Randolph found the activities of Fanning 
one more difficulty they faced as they were organiz- 
ing a government and people were recovering from 
the economic and social results of the Revolution. 


It is necessary to sepa- 
rate the year 1779 
from the other years of 
the Revolution in order to note a very important date 
in Randolph County history — its birth. 

Randolph County was included in Orange and 
Rowan Counties until Guilford was formed in 1770- 
1771. The eastern one-third part of Guilford was in 
Orange County and the western two-thirds was in 
Rowan. As the population increased in Guilford 
County people in the lower section found it was a 
long way to travel to court and other public gather- 
ings at Guilford Court House and decided to request 
the establishment of a new county of their own. In 
1778 a bill was presented to the General Assembly 
asking leave to divide Guilford into two counties. 
The General Assembly sitting at Halifax, February 
26, 1779, passed the bill and officially recognized 
Randolph County, naming it in honor of Peyton Ran- 
dolph of Virginia, President of the Continental Con- 
gress, 1774-1775. 

The boundary for the new county was to begin "on 
the Anson Line at the corner of Rowan, thence run- 
ning North twenty eight Miles, then East to the 
Orange Line." Thomas Owen, John Collier, John 
Adineal and Jacob Sheppard were appointed com- 
missioners for running the dividing line and Abraham 
Tatom, William Cole. John Hinds, John Collier and 
William Bell were appointed commissioners to erect 
the Court House, Prison and Stocks in the most con- 

Oaths of Allegiance, December 1781 

John Witherington bound to this Court, ap- 
peared and discharged and took the Oath of Al- 
legiance, etc. 

Henry Linderman, Aaron York, William Yourk, 
Edmond York, and John Burgess bound to this 
Court, appeared and discharged by Proclamation 
and took the Oath of Allegiance. Paid. 

David Coltran Charged with being with the 
British, bound to this Court appeared and dis- 
charged by Proclamation and took the Oath of Al- 

Elias Allred, Charles Hopper, John Aldridge, 
Isaac Cox, Ezelkeel Troughdon, George Julian, 
John Downing charged with having joined the 
British and bound to this Court, appeared and dis- 
charged by Proclamation and to the Oath Procla- 

Stephen Sisne and William Dix (Dies?) bound to 
this Court, appeared and discharged upon Procla- 
mation and took the Oath of Allegiance. 

Daniel Craven, Henry Craven and William Diffy 
bound to this Court, appeared and discharged by 
Proclamation and took the Oath of Allegiance. 

Walter Ashmore charged with being with Fan- 
ning and bound to this Court, appeared and dis- 
charged and took the Oath of Allegiance. 

Crawford Rush and Robert Hooker, charged 
with having joined the British and bound to this 
Court, appeared and discharged and took the Oath 
of Allegiance. 

Thomas Curtis, David Smith, William Ward, 
Briant Smith, Samuel Curtis, Benjamin Curtis 
and John Curtis, charged with having joined the 
British Arme, to this Court appeared and dis- 
charged for want of Testimoney and took the Oath 
of Allegiance to the State of North Carolina. 

Thomas Little bound to this Court, appeared 
and discharged for want of Testimoney by Procla- 
mation and took the Oath of Allegiance to this 

That thos called non jurors the Collector are to 
administer the Oath of Alegiance and abjuration 
and if refused to take a threefold Tax, etc. 

From the minutes of the December 1781 session of the Randolph 
County Court of Pleas & Quarter Sessions. 


Series of maps showing origin of the county: Rowan-Orange to Guilford to 


i — r — 




■ ' . - 

/ -J 


Copy of document signed by Governor Richard Caswell on February 26, 
1779, establishing Randolph County by appointing men to hold court and 
make effective the legislative act of that day. The men met on March 8. 

venient place. The courts were to be held on the 
second Monday of March, June, September and De- 
cember and the Justices were authorized to hold the 
first court at the home of Abraham Reece. 

Early on the morning of Monday, the 8th of March 
1779, men from all parts of the county began to 
gather at the home of Reece for the first court ses- 
sion. After being called to order. Proclamation was 
made and the Act of Assembly read, William Cole, 
Esquire, was chosen to administer the Oath of Office 
and the Oath of Allegiance to appointed officials. Wil- 
liam Cole, John Collier, Joseph Hinds, George Cort- 
ner, John Arnold, William Plunket, William Millikan, 
John Hinds, Jacob Sheppard, Richardson Owen, 
Windsor Peirce, William Bell, William Merrell, John 
Lowe, Enoch Davis and James Hunter, Esquires, 
had been nominated Justices for holding court. 

After the Justices were qualified, they elected Ab- 
salom Tatom, Clerk of Court, William Millikan, Reg- 
ister, and William Bell, Sheriff. At the same term 
Commissions from the Governor appointing offic- 
ers for the Randolph County Militia were presented 
to Lieutenant Colonel John Collier and First Major 
Jacob Sheppard. At the June Term of Court Enoch 
Davis was appointed First Major and Andrew Bal- 
four Second Major. Edward Sharp was appointed 
Ranger; William Merrell, Coroner; Walter Ashmore, 
John Latham, Joseph Thomson, James Garner, 
Robert Lax, John Moore, Senr., James Alexander 
and Joseph Lain were appointed Constables and 
John Bryant, was appointed Deputy Sheriff. 

The tax list of Randolph County taken in 1779 
shows 879 taxables. At an average of five persons per 
family, there were approximately 4,500 persons in 
the County when it was formed. 

The tax list was arranged by districts with tax lis- 
ters for each district. These men were Joseph Hinds, 
John Hinds, William Millikan, William Cole, 
Windsor Pearce and Jacob Sheppard. 

For each taxable the number of acres of land, 
money on hand, bonds, notes and other holdings 
were noted. English money terms were used: 
pounds, shillings and pence. 

The twelve wealthiest men in the county in 1779 
were; William Bell, Samuel Parke, Harmon Cox, 
Joseph Thomson, Jacob Wilburn, William Hunter, 
Hamon Miller, John Barton, Elisha Mendinhall, John 
Needham, William Searsey and William Merrel. 

The first court house was built at what was known 
as the Cross Roads. Here the old Trading Path or the 
Salisbury-Hillsborough Road crossed the road from 
Cross Creek to Salem. In 1782 Stephen Rigdon 
bought 640 acres at the Cross Roads and in 1786 he 
sold the tract with the exception of seven and one- 
half acres to Thomas Dougan. In November 1788, the 
General Assembly approved a bill for the erection of 
a town to be called Johnstonville on the lands of 
Thomas Dougan at the court house, Dougan having 
given one hundred acres for the town. 


Jeduthan Harper, Jesse Hendley, Samuel Millikan, 
William Bell and Zebedee Wood were appointed 
commissioners for laying off the new town. Stephen 
Rigdon had conveyed five acres to the county for the 
public buildings and the town was to be built around 
the court house square. Lots were sold, houses were 
built, and Thomas Dougan, John Anderson and 
Thomas Bulla operated taverns. John Clark, Alexan- 
der Gray and J.B. Vance & Company ran general 

At the September term of Court 1787 in Anson 
County, North Carolina, Andrew Jackson took his 
examination and was admitted to the bar for the first 
time. He was then allowed to practice law in the 
itinerate court of North Carolina. On Tuesday, De- 
cember 1 1 , 1787, Andrew Jackson rode his horse into 
Cross Roads and produced his license, took the oath 
and was attorney for Absalom Tatom in the case 
against Adam Tate, Coroner of Rockingham County. 
After moving to Tennessee this same Andrew 
Jackson became President of the United States. 

Nathaniel Williams, William Cocke, Reuben Wood, 
Jesse Benton, John Williams, William Bailey, Wil- 
liam Nash, Spruce McCay, John Louis Taylor, 
Robert McLean and William Crawford were other 
early lawyers. 

The Wardens of the Poor were appointed by the 
County Court and a separate tax was levied for the 
care of people who had no other resources. The ear- 
liest minute book for the Wardens begins with 1796. 
An amount ranging from one to thirteen pounds a 
year was granted to those individuals who would care 
for a needy person in their homes. 

Residents from the lower parts of the county soon 
began to voice their objections to the court house 
location and requested that it be moved to a more 
central part of the county. It was impossible to go to 
Johnstonville from the southern border of the 
county, attend to business or appear at court, and 
reach home the same day. 

Jesse Hendley owned 200 acres in the center of the 
county and in 1793 he deeded two acres to the county 
for the "use of the Publick." On June 11, 1793, the 
first court was held at Randolph Court House as the 
new location was named. Once again, lots were sold 
and business was centered around the court house 
square. The little village changed its name to 
Asheborough on December 25, 1796, in honor of 
Governor Samuel Ashe. Among the earliest residents 
of what is now the county seat were John Arnold who 
had a tavern, John Bushrod Moss who ran a store, 
George McColloch who was a lawyer, Jacob Hoover, 
Mary Elliott, William Moore, Colonel Joshua Craven 
and John Swearingin. 

As the town of Asheborough grew, Johnstonville 
gradually declined. Now, where this first town stood 
about two miles south of Randleman near Brown's 
Cross Roads on Highway 311 nothing remains but 
plowed fields. 

In 1796 the county was organized and the seat of 
government was established ready for the new cen- 
tury which was soon to come. 

First Tax List, 1779, a section of John 
Hinds' List. Taxes were listed by 
militia officers until 1868. 

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Know ye that we for and in Consideration of the 
Sum of fifty Shillings for Every hundred acres 
hereby Granted, paid into our TreaSury by John 
Bryan Jur. have Given and Granted and by these 
presents Do give and Grant unto the Said John 
Bryan Jur. a tract of Land Containing Six hundred 
& forty acres lying & being in our County of Ran- 
dolph on the Waters of Back Creek begining at a 
Gum thence East two hundred and Eighty poles to 
a Black oak thence South three hundred & Sixty 
Six poles to a White oak thence West two hundred 
& eighty poles to a post oak Crossing Back Creek 
thence North three hundred & Seventy Six poles to 
the first Station - 

As by the plat hereunto anexed Doth appear To- 
gether with all woods waters Mines Minerals 
Heredataments and appurtenances to the Said 
Land belonging or appertaining. To Hold to the 
Said John Bryan His heirs & assigns for Everyeild- 
ing and paying to us Such Sums of Mony Yearly as 
otherwise as our General Assembly from time to 
time may Direct provided always that the Said 
John Bryan Shall Cause this Grant to be Regis- 
tered in the Regiters office of our County of Ran- 
dolph within Twelve Months from the Date hereof 
Otherwise the Same to be Void & of No Effect - 

In Testimony to hereof we have Caused Our Great 
Seal to be hereunto affixed. Witness Richard Cas- 
well, Esquire Our Governor Captain General and 
Commander in Cheif at Kingston the twenty 
Ninth day of March in the fourth year of our Inde- 
pendence and in the Year of Our Lord one 
thousand Seven Hundred & Eighty - 

From Deed Book 1, page 28. Randolph County Deed Books, 
a State Grant 


Minutes from the Randolph County Court of Pleas 
and Quarter Sessions 1787-1788 

"Tuesday Morning December the 11th 1787, Court 
met according to Adjournment. Present: John Ar- 
nold, Zebedee Wood, John Lane, Aaron Hill, Es- 

Ordered that John Arnold, Esqr. have leave to 
keep a Tavern at his now Dwelling in Said County. 

John Richardson Orphan of Isaac Richardson, 
Decst. about Eight years Old be bound to Benja- 
min Cox to learn the art and mistery of Weaving. 
Indenture Executed. 

Andrew Jackson Esquire Produced a licence from 
the Honorable the Judges of the Superior Court of 
Law & Equity authorizing him to practice as an 
Attorney in the Several County Courts." 

From the court records of 1 1 March 1788: 

"Samuel Richardson orphan of Isaac 
Richardson, Deceased, aged about ten years bound 
to Nathaniel Cox till he arrives to the age of 
twenty one years to learn the art and mystery of 
tinner wheel making. Indenture Executed, fees 

James Williams orphan 18 years old bound to 
John Albertson till arrives to twenty one years to 
learn the art and mystery of saddle making. In- 
denture Executed, fees pd. 

William Brookshire allowed 15 shillings for a 
wolf scalp he produced which he is to be paid out of 
the tax layed for that purpose. 

Thomas Knight allowed agreeable to Act of As- 
sembly for seven wild cat scalps which he produced 
to the court to be paid out of the tax layed for that 

Donnie Presnell allowed agreeable to law for 
one wild cat scalp. 

Solomon Knight allowed agreeable to law for 
one wild cat scalp. 

Ordered the Colo. William Moore be fined forty 
pounds for a contempt offered the Court by Riding 
his horse into the Court house During the Siting of 
the Court . . . that he be commited to gaol till the 
fine be paid. Ordered that the Col. of the County 
aid the Sheriff with a sufficient number of men to 
execute the above order as the said Moore resist 
the Sheriff with arms." 

Tavern Rates Set by the Randolph County Court in 

Good West India 


Vi pint 

1 shilling 

4 pence 

Northward Rum 

l A pint 

1 shilling 


Good Peach 


V2 pint 

1 shilling 


Good Apple 


Vi pint 

1 shilling 

6 pence 

Good Whiskey 

V2 pint 

1 shilling 

6 pence 



4 shillings 


Strong beer 



8 pence 

Small beer 



6 pence 

Quart toddy with 

Loaf Sugar 

1 shilling 

4 pence 

Hot Breakfast 

1 shilling 


Cold Breakfast 


8 pence 

Common Dinner 

1 shilling 


Extraordinary Dinner 

1 shilling 

6 pence 

Lodging per night, 

with clean sheet 


4 pence 

Corn, per gallon 

1 shilling 


Oats, per gallon 

1 shilling 


Pastorage per night 


8 pence 

Stable per night 

with fodder 

1 shilling 




8 pence 




COMMUNITY LIFE It was a natural develop- 
ment for some of the peo- 
ple to congregate in communities around the few es- 
tablished towns, mills or crossroads stores. Artisans 
found opportunities for sale of their wares and ser- 
vices in places where more buyers gathered. Sons 
who did not inherit land or who chose not to farm 
learned a trade and moved "to town." 

Even though the villages were very small, village 
life was necessarily different from that of the farm. 
Instead of one family unit several families were in- 
volved in making decisions. It called for new ways of 
communication between people, for new attitudes 
and for new legal codes. It should be added, though, 
that laws were few and loosely enforced for many 
years. Municipal government was most informal with 
much business conducted by word of mouth. Gradu- 
ally a new way of life developed in which institutions 
and organized groups played a more significant role 
than had been the case in rural areas. 

Churches and schools became village churches and 
schools; sewing circles, women's missionary 
societies, fraternal organizations and temperance 
societies were organized to meet on a regular sched- 
ule; sports were organized for the community; bands 
were sponsored for each town, and beginning in 1852 
agricultural fairs were held each year. 

Just as the grist mill or crossroads store was the 
place in rural areas where men gathered to learn the 
news, the village store was the center of interest. 
Without newspapers (except for a few weeklies pub- 
lished on an irregular basis), without telegraph ser- 
vice, without adequate postal service, men depended 
on each other for information. Another reason for 
oral communication is found in the illiteracy rate, for 
over 25% of the adult male population could not read 
or write in 1850. 

In the town of New Salem an enterprising man 
named Benjamin Swaim began in 1833 to publish a 
business aid which he collected into a volume enti- 
tled The Man of Business. It contained legal advice 
and business forms with instructions for their use. 
Swaim moved to Asheborough and published the 
Southern Citizen from 1836 to 1844, a weekly news- 

At least three other papers were published in the 
county before 1860 and all were printed in 
Asheborough: Christian Sun, weekly, 1844-1900; 
North Carolina Bulletin, weekly, 1856-1857; and the 
Randolph Herald, weekly, 1846-1850. 

The Christian Sun was the official organ of the 
Southern Christian Church until December 1965. It 
was published first in Asheborough. 

The subscriber has just received and is now re- 
ceiving a supply of 

from New York, and intends to sell very low for 
cash, and he wishes his customers to receive his 
sincere thanks for their past liberal support and 
custom, and believes he can give satisfaction in 
future. He invites the public to call and see for 
themselves - report hath been circulated that I am 
about to quit the mercantile business which is not 
my prospect; but the fact is I expect to visit my 
children and friends in Indiana the latter part of 
this summer and fall, and wish to sell all that I 
possibly can before I go, and leave few or no goods 
on hand while lam from home, therefore I will sell 
low for cash. And all those who do not wish to pay 
cash will be accommodated on good terms; all 
former accounts must be settled either by cash or 
note before I go; therefore I hope all indebted to 
the store will call and close their accounts without 
delay, especially those of long standing. 

Jesse Hinshaw 
New Salem, 5th month, 11th 1838. 

A large quantity of Iron. Just received and for sale 
at my store in New Salem. 
Jesse Hinshaw 

The Southern Citizen, Asheborough, N.C., June 1, 1838 


New, Valuable, Tonic and Anti-Dyspeptic, 

Vegetable Pills 

These Pills are called New, because they have 
not hitherto been offered to the Public - they are 
called Valuable because their value has been fully 
tested by the inventor, by practice and experience 
for several years in a section of country peculiarly 
subject to diseases requiring a remedy of this kind. 

These pills are entirely Vegetable, and may be 
taken with safety, by persons of all ages and condi- 
tions. When taken according to the directions ac- 
companying each box, they are highly beneficial in 
the prevention and cure of the following diseases: 
Fever and Ague, Dyspepsia or Indigestion, 
Flatulent-Cholic, Heartburn, Furred Tongue, Dis- 
tention of the Stomach and Bowels, Insipient 
Diarrhea, Dysentary or Flux, Habitual Costive- 
ness, Loss of Appetite, Worms in Children. 

All cases of torpor of the bowels, all cases of 
pain in the head which are caused (as almost all 
head-aches are) by a disordered state of the 
Stomach, and in all cases of general weakness 
after Fever or other severe sickness. Though very 
efficient, they are exceedingly mild in their opera- 
tion, causing neither nausea, griping nor debility. 

For sale at Jamestown Guilford Co. N.C., Also 
at Greensboro, Ashboro and Lexington N.C. Price 
50 cents per box. 
The Southern Citizen, Asheboro, N.C, Friday, Jan. 21, 1840 



A List of the Names of those who took License 
to Peddle & License for Stores & Retailors for the 
year 1845. 

Frederick Garner $6.00 

John Dorsett 6.00 

Edwin D. Cosona 6.00 

Newlin & Farlow 6.00 

Alexander S. Gray 6.00 

John B. Brown 8.00 

John Pope 8.00 

Alfred Brower 6.00 

Marsh Elliott & Co. 6.00 

Oran A. Burgess 4.00 

William Clark $6.00 

Craven & McCain 8.00 

J. & J. A. Worth 8.00 

Abraham Brower 6.00 

E. & J. Lassiter 6.00 

Randolph M. Co. 6.00 

Craven & McCain 20.00 

Edwin D. Cosand 20.00 

This day appeared Hezekiah Andrews, Sheriff of 
Randolph County, in the Clerk's office of said 
County Court in the presence of Thomas Red(d- 
ing), John A. Craven, Two of the acting Justices of 
the Peace in & for said County & made oath before 
the Clerk of said Court, that the above statement 
by him Returned as Just & True. 

Hezekiah Andrews, Shff 
Sworn to & Subscribed before me this 
20th of August AD 1845 

Hugh McCain CCC 

From: the Court of Pleas & Quarter Sessions, Randolph County, 
N.C., Aug. Term, 1845. 



Copper and brass standard weights and measures ordered by the County 
Court from London and received in 1804. Merchants were required to 
check their weights and measures by these standards. 

Evergreen was a magazine, published quarterly by 
R.H. Brown, who also published the Randolph 
Herald. Braxton Craven was co-owner and co-editor 
from October 1850 to March 1851 of the Evergreen 
which ceased publication in November. 

In 1837 at New Salem Wesley D. Wilson and Joel 
Ingold started a new publication entitled the Temper- 
ance Advocate and Youth's Instructor, a monthly 

Even though each one of these publications had a 
short life and their circulation did not cover the 
county, they did provide some information for their 

The postal service improved very slowly. Perhaps 
the fact that for many years the receiver paid the 
postage caused the apathy of people toward seeking 
better mail service. Letters were often delivered by 
hand of friends or by trusted messengers. The postal 
service used horseback riders or the stagecoach 
which by 1826 was reaching the western part of the 
state. Only sixteen post offices were set up in the 
county before 1830; by 1855 there were thirty. 

Postal rates of 1823 for single letters composed of 
one piece of paper were set on a graduating scale of 
from 60 for less than thirty miles to 250 for over four 
hundred miles. Two sheets of paper doubled the 
amount. In 1845 the rates were changed to the basis 
of weight instead of distance and postage was re- 
duced. These changes brought a real increase in 
postal service. By 1850 railroads were carrying the 

In addition to being the focal point of each village 
and the news exchange, the store often housed the 
post office in one corner and lent space for ballot 
boxes during elections. Alexander Gray's store in 
Johnstonville maintained the Randolph County brass 
and copper weights and measures against which each 
merchant was required to check his weights and 
measures to see if they were true. The County Stan- 
dards were ordered from England and were received 
in 1804. 

Stores sold all merchandise available at the time. 
Merchants exchanged goods for commodities from 
the farms or sold for cash from those few who could 
pay cash. They started with very little capital, but 
soon established a healthy business by trading in the 
essential items for homes, farms and shops. 

There were no banks and little currency. Most 
transactions were carried out on personal notes en- 
dorsed over and over from one person to another 
until at times the original writers had died before the 
note came to rest. Some notes had additional strips of 
paper pinned or pasted on for more names. These 
were used for those deals where bartering would not 
serve the purpose. Where men had goods or services 
to exchange, trades were made on the spot. 

Public health of the villages was the responsibility 
of the town officials. The Act of 1855 passed by the 
North Carolina General Assembly gave town com- 
missioners power to regulate public markets; to pre- 
vent nuisances and safeguard health; to regulate the 
quality and weight of bakers' bread; to levy taxes on 


owners of hogs, horses, cattle who let them run 

There were seventeen physicians and one dentist 
in Randolph County listed in the 1850 census and 
eighteen physicians, two dentists, one midwife and 
seven medical students in 1860. Physicians were pre- 
pared for their profession by reading medicine with 
an older doctor and attending a medical college for 
one year. Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia 
was a popular school chosen by several local men. 
Physicians were called in after all home remedies had 
failed. They had few medicines and tools at their dis- 
posal but answered calls day and night, travelling on 
horseback to their patients. They usually traded their 
services, as did ministers, teachers, storekeepers and 
others, for commodities. They lived not only in the 
villages, but throughout the rural areas, for most of 
them farmed, too. 

There is on record in the Southern Citizen for Oc- 
tober 18, 1839, the account of an operation for re- 
moval of cataracts: 


Mrs. Curtis, of Sandy Creek in the 
County, who had been for many years 
blind from Cateract in the eye, has been 
happily restored to sight by our skilled 
Physician (and Townsman) Dr. William 
B. Lane. He operated on the right eye 
some few months ago; and she can now 
see to thread a fine needle, and attend to 
her ordinary business. A few days ago, 
the operation was performed on the 
other eye with entire success. Mrs. Cur- 
tis had passed from darkness to light to 
the joy of herself and friends. She is a 
lady of about 40 years of age. 

Dr. Lane was a member of the first Board of Super- 
intendents of the County Common School system; 
was physician for the Poor House; and was a charter 
member of the Asheborough Presbyterian Church. 

When Asheborough became the county seat, 
lawyers began moving there to be near the court. By 
1860 six lawyers were living in the village, but most 
of the lawyers and judges were itinerate. Jonathan 
Worth moved to Asheborough from Guilford County 
in 1825; Marmaduke Swaim Robins became a lawyer 
in 1860; the other lawyers were Josiah H. Brooks, 
James Bulla, James R. Bulla and Bolivar Bulla. Wil- 
liam J. Long, the seventh lawyer residing in the 
county, lived at Long's Mill. 

In one of Jonathan Worth's letters written Decem- 
ber 1, 1855, he lists the following lawyers who prac- 
ticed in Randolph County: Geo. C. Mendenhall, Wm. 
P. Mendenhall, of Jamestown; John A. Gilmer, 
Ralph Gorrell, Robt. P. Dick, James T. Morehead, of 
Greensboro; J.M. Leach, James Long, of Lexington; 
Wm. J. Long, of Long's Mill; D.W.C. Johnson, of 
Eden (Randolph County); Jonathan Worth, James 
M.A. Drake, R.H. Brown, of Asheboro; and J.J. 


Jan. 7, 1836: Peter Dicks was advertising that he 
had at his mills on Deep River, a good supply of 
linseed oil and would sell by the barrel or in smal- 
ler quantities. 

Jan. 14, 1836: Wesley D. Wilson, boot & Shoe 
Manufactory one door east of the store of Hinshaw 
& Pugh in New Salem advertising for 2 or 3 good 
Journeymen & 2 apprentices. 
Jan. 21, 1837: At New Salem, Coffin & Clark, fall 
and winter goods, Tanning & Harness making. 
Jan. 21, 1837: Ingole & Co. Tailoring business next 
door to Jesse Hinshaw store, New Salem. 
Jan. 21, 1837: Jesse Watkins, New Salem Hotel 
west end of Main Street. 

Jan. 28, 1837: John W. York - Tailoring business 
in Asheborough at his former stand opposite 
Worth's office. 2 apprentices wanted not under 12 
and not over 17. 

Aug. 12, 1837: Robert Cox, hatter in Randolph 

Sept. 2, 1837: Citizens of Asheborough advertised 
for a good blacksmith. 

The Southern Citizen, Asheboro, N.C. Aug. 5, 1837. 

The undersigned has just received and has for 
sale a 
New and Fresh Supply of Desirable Fall & Winter 

Consisting, in part, of the following articles, viz: 
Cloth, Casameres, Cercassians, Vestings, Gloves, 
Silk & Cotton Hankerchiefs, Hoseing, Domestics, 
bleached and unbleached, Calicos, Colored Cam- 
brics, Prussian Shawls & Hankerchiefs, Bombazet 
& Satin Stocks, White & Colored Spool Thread, 
Skeins & Patent Ditto, Cap Wire, Hooks & Eyes, 
English Paterns, German Pins, Elastic Sus- 
penders, Silk & Cotton Velvet, Plain & Figured 
Bobinett, Gimp & Cotton Edgings, Insertings, 
Foundations, Muslins, Plain & Figured Swiss Mus- 
lins, Bishop Lawn, Campric Muslins, Morino 
Shirts, Red & Green Flannel, Gilt & Fancy But- 
tons, Morracco Shoes, Bonnets, Silk and Fur Hats, 
Hair & Fur Clasp Purses, Perfumery, Hair 
Brushes, Ladies & Gentlemen's Cloaks. 

Besides a variety of Hardware & Cutlery. 


Drugs, Medicines, Paints, Dye Stuffs, Sugar, 

Coffee, Molasses, Iron, Steel, Castings, Cheese, 

All of which have been selected with economy 
and taste, and will be sold very low for cash - call 
and examine - and be your own judges - Terms six 
months -five percent, discount for cash. 

James M.A. Drake 
Ashboro, N.C. Dec. 1, 1837. 



To be Exhibited at ASHEBORO on Monday, No- 
vember 18th, 1839, for one day only. Admittance 
50 cents, Children and servants half price. Hours 
of Exhibition from 12 to 4 P.M. 

The proprietors of the Giraffe and New York 
Circus and Arena Company respectfully inform 
the Public that they have entered into arrange- 
ments to travel and exhibit together at the same 
time and place under a pavilion large enough to 
hold both exhibitions and accommodate 3,000 


This stupendous, majestic, and beautiful animal 
is acknowledged to be the greatest wonder of the 
animal kingdom. It is not only the tallest of all 
known creatures, but the rarest and most singular 
character. It has been the greatest desideratum of 
naturalists in all ages, and but few specimens have 
been seen for the last thousand years. It was 
known to the Persians about 2,000 years ago, hav- 
ing been brought as a present to Hystaspes, father 
of Darius I, several centuries before the Christian 
era, by Abyssinians, who brought it from the inter- 
ior of Africa where alone it has ever been found. 


This exhibition is fitted up in a style which ren- 
ders it superior to any thing of the kind in the 
country. Every exertion will be made on the part of 
the Equestrians as well as the Managers to make it 
interesting and worthy of patronage. 

The scene in the circle will present a variety of 
new and interesting feats of Horsemanship and 
other varied scenes of amusements and Equestrian 
exercises, which will constitute the most delightful 
and genteel entertainment ever offered in this 

The Southern Citizen, Asheboro. N.C., 1839 

Jackson, of Pittsboro. Worth and Jackson, Worth's 
son-in-law, were partners. The lawyers from other 
counties travelled to Asheborough to serve clients 
and the local lawyers took cases in surrounding coun- 
ties, riding horseback or going by carriage in all kinds 
of weather. Their families were anxious about ice 
storms, swollen streams and other hazards of travel 
until they were safely home. This interchange of 
practice brought knowledge of state affairs to those 
involved with government and the courts, knowledge 
that was not always available to the rest of the citi- 

The town commissioners were appointed by the 
County Court until 1868. Towns were responsible for 
keeping streets in repair; maintaining public pumps; 
scheduling citizens as watchmen. Streets were not 
lighted. Stock laws were not enforced — people 
thought they had every right to let their cows and 
hogs roam where they pleased. There were no 
sidewalks. Ditches were dug on each side of the 
street to allow for drainage. Fire protection by the 
bucket brigade was essential, for most of the build- 
ings were of wood. 

Social life in the villages revolved around church, 
school, lodge and other organized activities. There 
were revivals, and other church-sponsored events; 
school exercises, commencements and May Day 
Festivities; and harvest festivities, agricultural fairs, 
and patriotic days. Masonic Lodges known to be in 
existence before 1860 were Hanks (Franklinville — 
1850); Balfour (Asheborough — 1856); Deep River 
(Foust's Mill — 1855); Mount Olivet (Erect — 1857); 
and New Salem (New Salem — 1859). 

Individuals entertained by issuing invitations to 
teas, dinners, suppers and dances. 

.,«*«" * 

I iniii ! 

Tffn ' 





Dam at Coltrane's Mil] which was built by Elisha Mendenhall in 1787. 
Stones were pulled by oxen from a Moore County quarry. 

Home of Alfred H. Marsh in Asheboro, purchased by Marmaduke S. 


ASHEBOROUGH The village of Asheborough 
1850-1860 was typical of the villages in 

the county except that it was the county seat. 

In 1850 the census shows a population of 154 for 
Asheborough. There were 32 heads of households, 23 
wives, 67 children under 21, 21 other adults and 11 
free blacks. The village consisted of Main, Salisbury, 
Fayetteville and Worth Streets (approximately two 
blocks on each) and very little more. The streets near 
the Court House might be called streets but the 
others were lanes. 

Around the Court House, which was located in the 
intersection of Main and Salisbury Streets, were 
clustered three general stores, two hotels, the jail, a 
print shop, a tailor shop, a bootmaker shop, three 
lawyers, three physicians, a watering trough for 
horses and at least twenty houses. There was a 
"commons" nearby on the west side of the Court 
House square where visitors to town might hitch wa- 
gons and carriages while attending to business. If 
they came for all six days of court week, they could 
spend the nights there in their wagons. 

The Presbyterian Church building was under con- 
struction on the south side of Worth Street past Cox 
Road; the Methodist Episcopal Church had been 
built in 1834 on the north side of Salisbury Street 
beyond Fayetteville Street and next to it was the 
Cemetery. Across the street and on the corner of 
Fayetteville Street was the Female Academy. The 
Male Academy was on South Fayetteville Street and 
southeast of it were the muster grounds. Across 
Fayetteville and several feet toward the north was 
the carriage shop operated by Hatfield Ogdon from 
New Jersey. On the Southeast corner of Fayetteville 
and Salisbury Streets John Presnell's wagon shop 
was located. Jonathan Worth lived on the southwest 
corner of Main and Worth Streets. A. H. Marsh lived 
across Main Street from him and A. S. Crowson lived 
across Worth Street on the corner of Main. Hugh 
McCain lived on the lane running south from Main 

County officers listed were Deputy Sheriff Enoch 
S. Lawrence; Surveyor Isaac Lamb; William Mur- 
dock, Clerk of Superior Court; and B. F. Hoover, 
Clerk of County Court. 

The village was a trading center for the gold mining 
interests in the county and would soon become a toll 
house stop on the Plank Road. Saturday was a big 
day in town each week. Farmers, miners and others 
came to town to trade, visit and find entertainment. 
Court week was also a great occasion: four times a 
year for County Court and twice a year for Superior 

By 1860 several changes came about. Only ten of 
the thirty-two heads of households listed in 1850 
were still living in the village. These were E. J. 
Crowson, tailor; Gilly Winslow; Jonathan Worth, 
lawyer; Alfred H. Marsh, merchant; John Presnell, 


Court House erected in 1835 in Asheboro and in use until 1909. It stood at the 
intersection of Main and Salisbury Streets. 


We have been waiting a good while for room to 
tell folks at a distance whereabouts, and what sort 
of a place this Ashborough is. And cannot now 
dwell much in detail; but we must at least mention 
the location of our village, and a few of its most 
prominent features. 

Asheborough is situated in Randolph County 
N.C. 360 miles S.W. of Washington City, 75 W of 
Raleigh, 80 N W of Fayetteville, 60 W S W of Hill- 
sborough, 46 E of Salisbury, 42 S E of Salem, 28 S 
of Greensborough, 33 E S E of Lexington, 38 N N E 
of Lawrenceville, 40 N W of Carthage, 41 W of 
Pittsborough, 53 W S W of Chapel-Hill, 65 N of 
Rockingham, 88 N of Cheraw, S.C., 53 S E of 
Clemmonsville, 60 E S Eof Mocksville, 80 E S Eof 
Statesville, 100 E of Lincolnton, 145 E of Ruther- 
fordton, 88 N E of Charlotte, 85 N N E of Wades- 
borough, 10 S of New-Salem, 59 N E of Concord, 
26 S E of Jamestown, 120 E S E of Morgan ton, 115 
SEof Wilksborough, 78 S E of Hamptonville, 60 S 
E of Huntsville, 75 S of Danville, Va., 57 S E of 
Germantown, 53 W N W of Haywood, 66 S of 
Leaksville, 74 S S E of Madison, 83 S W of Milton, 
94 W SW of Oxford, 75 S W of Rockford. 


The situation of this place is uncommonly healthy 
and pleasant, being on a ridge dividing the waters of 
Deep River and Uharrie, and within a few 
miles of Caraway and several other beautiful 
mountains. Our village, though yet small, has been 
on the advancing hand for the last two or three 
years. We number about one hundred inhabitants 
- very few blacks. We have a pretty good Court 
House, Jail and Methodist E. Church. In point of 
Morality and good neighborhood our community is 
an exception, and besides very industrious. Nearly 
all the public offices of the county are kept here. 
The Sheriff, county Attorney, Clerks of the 
County and Superior Court, Clerk and Master in 
Equity, Entry Taker and Register keep their re- 
spective offices in town. 

The two main roads leading from Virginia to 
South Carolina, and from the Eastern to the West- 
ern parts of this State, intersect here, and within a 
few miles of this place, they respectively branch 
off in every direction, affording all the necessary 
facilities of intercourse. We have two arrivals of 
the mail (in stage) every week from the East, and 
as many from the West: besides a mail from the 
North once a week, that ought and we hope will 
shortly be extended to the South, and carried by 

We stand in great need of more Mechanics, espe- 
cially Carriage and Wagon makers, Blacksmith, 
Hatter, Tanner, Cabinet workman, Tinner, Saddle 
and Harness Maker - any or all these occupations, 
well followed would find ample encouragement 
among us. Provisions are plenty and cheap, and 
likely to be more so. We have never seen a more 
promising prospect for heavy crops of corn. 

Although we have in the county an extensive 
Iron Foundry, Cotton Factory, many wool carding 
machines, and oil Factories, besides a number of 
the best merchant-Flour Mills, yet a great quantity 
of excellent water power remains unoccupied. 

Come some of you thorough-going sons of 
Carolina! give up your hankering notions of the 
West. Come and settle among US, on the route of 
the projected Fayetteville and Western Rail Road. 
Bring capital if you can, if not, bring what is infi- 
nitely better - enterprise, industry and economy. 

Southern Citizen, Asheborough, N.C., August 19, 1837. 

wagonmaker; Jesse Lawrence, Methodist Episcopal 
minister; Thomas M. Moore, Retired merchant; B. 
F. Hoover, Clerk of County Court; Nancy Hoover, 
hotel keeper; and Green Little. 

The newcomers were carriagemakers, merchants, 
a postmistress and lawyers. Simeon Colton replaced 
George McNeill as Presbyterian minister and he was 
also Headmaster of the Male Academy. Joseph W. 
Steed was Sheriff and Benjamin Steed was Deputy 
Sheriff. Three families had moved here from Ger- 
many: the Brandts, Brockmans and Ravens. They 
moved later to High Point and Greensboro. William 
Gluyas had come from England and was a miller. 

David Porter had moved from Greensboro and had 
joined Ogdon in the carriagemaking business. After 
Ogdon left town. Porter and W. H. Moring, Sr., who 
had moved to Asheborough from Greensboro, ran 
the business. Daniel Coble, Enoch Burns, Andrew J. 
Byrns and Robert H. Hanner were also carriage 

New lawyers were Josiah H. Brooks, James Ruffin 
Bulla and Bolivar Bulla. Lucy A. Baldwin was post- 
mistress. J.J. Hamlin had succeeded W.A. Hamlin as 
physician. Benjamin Moffitt had taken over William 
B. Moffitt's store; John Milton Worth and his son, 
Shubal G. Worth, were new merchants in town. John 
Milton Worth was also a doctor, but he was more 
active in the business world. 

Hardy Brown ran a saddle and harness shop; 
Emsley Allred was a cooper; Jesse Lytle, a carpen- 
ter; Richard W. Winborne and Mathew L. Dickson, 
tinmen; Samuel Elliott was a shoemaker. 

Of the ones who had left, Hugh McCain, William 
B. Lane, John Dorsett, Isaac Lamb, N. D. Bain and 
William Murdock had moved elsewhere in the 
county; O. A. Burgess moved to Moore County; 
George McNeill moved to Fayetteville; B. G. Worth 
moved to Wilmington; J. M. A. Drake moved to Il- 
linois; Hatfield Ogdon left the state. Dr. Barnabas 
Nixon and William B. Moffitt, merchant, died. 

^ii%i;,' till -];:::' <nt:i !» '1|i!J!li|i!ili I 

Asheborough Presbyterian Church, Worth Street, 1850, the only Pres- 
byterian church in the county until 1947. The church had outposts at 
Calah and Worthville. 

Asheborough Methodist Episcopal Church, Salisbury Street, 1834, was 
the first church built in Asheboro, forty years after the village was plan- 
ned. Original building. 


After Dr. Simeon Colton had been in Asheborough 
a year he wrote in his diary his opinion of the village 
(1855): "I have by no means found the place what I 
expected. I was encouraged to expect a good school, 
but the prospect is by no means flattering. There is 
nothing but the mere fact of being a county town that 
gives to Asheboro any claim to notice above any 
corner in the county . . . Much of this state of things 
among the population I suppose arises from the min- 
ing operators ... I have commenced school this day 
with two pupils and I think it is doubtful whether I 
shall have any more from town during the session. 
Some do not like my government. They want their 
children to do well, but to be indulged in every humor 
... I have been enabled to gather around me many 
comforts, have made much improvement on my 
place, have enjoyed good health, and on the whole 
have much occasion for thankfulness for mercies re- 
ceived . . . There is more prosperity here than in any 
place where I have lived." 

Industry did not come to Asheborough until the 
twentieth century. The coming of the railroad in 1889 
and the availability of electricity made the new de- 
velopments possible. 

The most important citizen of the village from 1840 
to 1860 was Jonathan Worth whose interests also af- 
fected the county and the state. Business and indus- 
try, agriculture, transportation, county and town 
government, legal matters and education were 
greatly influenced by his leadership. His name is in 
court records, school records, corporation papers, 
merchandising lists and transportation history. He 
served also in the state General Assembly four times 
representing Randolph County; as State Treasurer 
from 1862-1865; and as Governor, 1865-1868. He died 
in Raleigh in 1869. 

CAMP MEETINGS The 1801-1802 camp meet- 
ing at Bell's Meeting House 
was the forerunner of similar religious gatherings 
held for more than one hundred years to come. The 
Great Revival of 1800-1812 swept the nation from 
New Jersey to New England, to the west and south, 
followed by waves of revivals throughout the nine- 
teenth century and into the twentieth. 

It is impossible to describe the fervor of a camp 
meeting in the cold light of day. The services at- 
tracted a mixture of people whose reasons for attend- 
ing were as varied as the individuals themselves. It 
was a great spiritual experience to attend a camp 
meeting for those who were moved by the occasion. 
It was also a festive, happy occasion as well as a 
fearful one if the exhorter persuaded the listener to 
repent. Preachers had the full attention of most of the 
people for the majority of the time services were in 
progress since participants were free from household 
and other chores. The oral presentation of the revi- 
vals made it possible for everyone to take part. 

Jonathan Worth, 1802-1869, attorney. Clerk and Master in Equity. Su- 
perintendent of County Schools. 1840-1860; State Treasurer. 1862-1865; 
Governor of North Carolina, 1865- 1868. He is the only Randolph Coun- 
tian to have served as Governor. 


"I will first say that my father and mother were 
strict members of the Regular Baptist Church, my 
Father being a minister, a man of considerable in- 
telligence and strictly pious. I was taught from ear- 
liest reccollection to be Strictly honest, and never 
tell a falsehood, to keep good company or none. 
Many a time did 1 think that the restraints thrown 
around me were Severe indeed; but now after hav- 
ing passed the Seventieth year of my life I see it 
was best for me. 

"I grew up until I was about Seventeen years old 
a Stout healthy boy, full of fun, I regularly at- 
tended the Baptist and often the Friends Meetings, 
and the Methodist Protestant Church and occa- 
sionally the M.E. Church South. We had few Sun- 
day Schools and such as we occasionally had, were 
almost wholy secular in their character. The great 
need ofgiveing myself in early life to my Heavenly 
Father was not pressed upon me. 

"In those days Denominationalism was the 
order of the day. Calvinism and Arminianism were 
waging, a furious, and in many instances a cruel 
war of words, and called that contending for 'The 
faith once delivered to the Saints.' I thought then 
and yet think that in the main all parties were 


sincere. I could not understand how it was. I was 
not Sufficiently matured in intellect to know that 
it was not enough to be Sincere to be right and that 
there must be Some better Standards by which we 
can by our opinions and see if they are correct. 

"and then that other idea advanced by others, 
that there was an inner light that was a Sure guide 
by which we might attain to purity of heart and life 
amid So many conflicting opinions, it was enough 
to confuse a more Philosophical mind that mine. 

"Rev Jacob Guyer who was at that time Pastor 
of the Methodist Protestant Church at Brower's 
Church So forcibly Set forth our duty to yeild our- 
selves to the Service of the one true and Living 
God, with the assurance of Salvation and the awful 
Consequence of failing So to do. I saw clearly to 
live in sin would not do unless I also accepted the 
results which must necissarily follow. 

"I did not yeild at the time, but the conviction 
remained. Often I would go out in the woods or 
some Secret place and pray. My notion was to get 
religion in Secret and keep it to myself. I wanted a 
quiet religion not a shouting one. I then in my own 
way continued my own way, with my own plan, yet 
I fully realized that I must be born again or the end 
would be worse than the beginning. 

"I went to a Primitive Baptist Association, hop- 
ing that I might hear something that would relieve 
my mind. Candor compells me to say that I re- 
ceived no encouragement. The best that I can ex- 
press myself to be understood is that it was mys- 
tification mystified. On that afternoon on the road 
met Mr. Chrisco a Class Leader. 1 was really trou- 
bled on account of my Sins, we talked some, I 
thought I would like to have him pray for me, but I 
thought of his stentorian voice and thought the 
whole neighborhood would hear him, so I did not 
name it. This was the fourth Sunday in August, 
1857. I kept trying secretly to get Religion. I de- 
cided in September to go to a Methodist Camp 
Meeting though I had some prejudice against 
'Straw pen Religion'. I wanted Religion and they 
would hardly make me any worse. I went and went 
forward to be prayed for, friends labored with and 
prayed for me and I prayed and struggled until al- 
most exhausted. I realized that the struggle must 
end so I yeilded up myself with all that I had and 
was without any reserve. So by an eye of faith, I 
looked away from self, away from friends, away 
from everything in this world and looked to Christ 
as my personal Saviour, my burden of sin was 
gone, and I felt a new love strangely fill my soul 
. . . 1 arose and began to tell of His wonderous 
love to poor sinners like me. This was on the four- 
teenth day of September A.D. 1857. 

From the papers of William C. Hammer, Sr.. minister of the 
Methodist Protestant Church, 1836-1909. 

The meetings were occasions for isolated people to 
communicate, for there were then few ways for peo- 
ple to keep in touch with each other. At the camp 
meetings they could plan for new community 
projects, such as building churches and schools; 
transact business; swap seeds; make arrangements 
for borrowing or sharing farm equipment; barter 
goods; exchange recipes and bits of information; 
share news of families; and generally enjoy their 
stay, resting in the thought that they were there for a 
good purpose. Young people met and courted and 
children found playmates. 

The meetings lasted from two days to two weeks, 
and services were usually held three times a day. 
People came from miles away in wagons, on horse- 
back or on foot. They moved from brush arbor to 
brush arbor, from church to church, wherever there 
were services. Some churches erected small cabins 
or slab shanties, often called tents and some were 
tents, for primitive living during the time, but many 
people camped out or slept in their wagons. Almost 
all food was brought from home and eaten cold, but 
some cooking was done outdoors, with the campfire 
making available a hot drink or cornpone. Built of 
wooden poles with brush tops, the arbors provided 
some protection from the elements. The one at 
Brower's Chapel was thirty feet wide and sixty feet 
long. Lights for the evening service came from a 
wood frame filled with sand and dirt on which leaves 
and branches had been piled and set afire. 

The preachers and leaders spoke from a platform 
or pulpit on which a stand for candles was located. 
People who were moved to repent were invited to the 
altar area in front of the pulpit and to the mourners' 
benches reserved for them. There the preachers and 
others who were delegated to do so talked with the 
ones who had presented themselves. Brantley York 
speaks of the first time that he "worked the altar." 
Some people were composed in their repentance, but 
others were extremely emotional, becoming exces- 
sively wrought and subject to the "jerks." Others 
were left in a trance which might last more than a 

The preachers began the meeting with prayer and 
Bible readings and after a song fest the exhorters held 
the group spellbound for an hour or two. Most of 
them were skillful orators and gathered followers 
who would go wherever they were preaching and 
quote their sayings for many years. 

Music was important to the meetings. Someone 
who could sing the short or long meter would lead the 
congregation in the old familiar tunes, and the music 
would fill the surrounding hills. At first there were no 
songbooks, but gradually enterprising people com- 
piled the songs into a dozen or more collections. The 
first used in this area were Southern Harmony, 
Union Harmony and the Sacred Harp. Since many 
people could not read and books were scarce, the 
song leader read two or three lines and people 
sang these, completing the song in the same way. 
This process was called "deaconing the lines," and 


was the method followed by many meetings and 
churches until books became available and reading 
abilities improved. John Wesley started the custom 
of writing religious lyrics for old tunes already known 
to his countrymen. Many of the songs used in the 
revivals were based on adaptations of tunes with 
which the people were familiar. They all had rhythm 
and lilt and were easily sung. The words were some- 
times happy, but were more often fearful, pleading or 
sad. Most of the hymnals used in churches today 
contain songs which have come from the old camp 
meetings and revivals. 

Without the great singing and the emotional expe- 
riences of the revivals the lives of the people in the 
early nineteenth century would have been a great 
deal more drab and uneventful. The warming influ- 
ence of the camp meetings lifted the spirits of the 
people and caused the meetings to endure for several 

After a camp meeting, those who repented and 
wished to continue their search for a better way of 
life joined in "class meetings" for study of the Bible 
and mutual assistance in maintaining their new spiri- 
tual life. These classes were important in stabilizing 
the growth and development of individuals and of 
churches. In his Autobiography, Brantley York men- 
tions what they meant to him, emphasizing especially 
the close relationship of the members of the class and 
their concern for each other. 

Friends, Lutherans and Presbyterians followed a 
different form of worship in their services, but indi- 
vidual members did join in the union camp meetings. 

By 1855 camp meetings were not seen in the same 
light by everyone, possibly because of excesses in 
them. The Civil War also caused an interruption after 
which the meetings were part of the religious life of 
the county again. In the diary of Simeon Colton, an 
entry for 1 December 1855 states: "They go to the 
Methodist Camp meetings once a year and this suf- 
fices for religion and they go there not to be in- 
structed but to see and be seen and get their feelings 
excited — I regard them as in a much more hopeless 
condition than the heathen." Dr. Colton at that time 
was minister of the Asheborough Presbyterian 
Church and Headmaster of the Asheborough Male 

CHURCHES During the period from 1800-1860 
Methodist churches were estab- 
lished extensively as an outgrowth of the camp meet- 
ings. Before the Civil War at least twenty-five Meth- 
odist Episcopal and thirteen Methodist Protestant 
Churches had their beginnings. Nearly all of them 
began with a log meeting house and/or a brush arbor. 
They later moved to a clapboard church building 
when a change was possible or was made necessary 
by fire or storm. 

The Reverend Thomas C. Moffitt holds a record 
for establishing churches in this county. In 1842 he 
was instrumental in the organization of Shiloh, Chris- 
tian Union, Pleasant Ridge, Pleasant Grove and 

Parks Cross Roads Christian churches, all of which 
are still in existence. Christian Churches had their 
origin in the O' Kelly dissension from the Methodist 
Church in 1782. 

Baptists were slow to organize new churches dur- 
ing this period. In 1806 Welborns Chapel was begun; 
in 1836, Shady Grove; in 1844, Cedar Falls; in 1851, 
Ramseur. The Baptist Church in Ramseur was the 
only church in the community until 1886. It served all 

A Presbyterian church was organized in 
Asheborough in 1850 by 13 persons: Mrs. Jonathan 
Worth, Mrs. Margaretta McNeill, Mrs. Elizabeth 
Spearman, Mr. and Mrs. Hugh McCain, Miss Louisa 
Worth, David Worth Porter, Dr. William B. Lane, 
Dr. John M. Brandon, Robert E. Blair, James Mc- 
Cain, Wesley Askew and John A. Craven. Jonathan 
Worth was named a trustee, but he never joined the 
church. He had been reared a Quaker but was dis- 
owned by Center Meeting for marrying out of the 
unity. Mrs. Worth was a Presbyterian. The new 
church building cost $1 ,339. 12, with $150 contributed 
by the Domestic Missionary Society. 

Another Lutheran church was added when mem- 
bers of the Richland Church separated from that 
church and formed the Melanchthon Church in 1825. 

New Friends Meetings were settled at New Salem, 
Bethel, Piney Ridge, Panther Creek and Cedar 
Square. Of these, Bethel and Cedar Square are still 
active meetings. Quaker meetings throughout the 
area had great losses in membership when large 
numbers of people moved West. 

Friends, because of their form of worship, were 
able to settle new meetings and strengthen them 
without the dependence on ministers that handicap- 
ped other congregations. They also observed no sac- 
raments. Members of the meetings who married an- 
nounced their intentions and spoke their own vows 
before the meeting. Men and women sat in separate 
sections of the meeting house and held separate busi- 
ness meetings, but women were accepted as leaders 
if they felt called to take such roles. All Friends were 
addressed by the first name without titles or forms of 
address, believing themselves to be equal before 
God. Long periods in the services on First Day were 
spent in silence and in prayer until someone felt in- 
spired to speak. They kept excellent records of all 
events in the meeting and have therefore been 
sources of the history of occasions about which no 
one else recorded information. 

Primitive Baptist churches were begun at Brush 
Creek in 1829 and at Mt. Tabor in 1830. Sandy Creek 
Baptists divided in 1838, one group taking the name 
Sandy Creek Primitive Baptists. Primitive Baptists 
call their leaders Elders and believe in following 
closely the admonitions of the Bible, including the 
example of Christ in washing the feet of the disciples 
at the Last Supper. At least once a year it is their 
custom to hold such a service. They do not believe in 
Bible Societies, seminaries or missions. 

Wesleyan Methodists broke from the Methodist 
parent church in 1843 and formed an independent 


( Unprogrammed) 

The Friends Meeting for worship during the 
middle 1800's was very different from that of other 
denominations. Due to their belief in the "priest- 
hood of all believers" they had no paid ministers - 
thus the term "un-programmed Meetings" . 

They called their buildings the "Meeting House" 
because they considered it the place where people 
met to worship God and to fellowship with one 
another. They were very disciplined about the wor- 
ship having first place and the fellowship second 
place. They rarely spoke to each other before the 
worship service. An occasional nod in greeting ac- 
knowledged another's presence. 

On "first day" (Sunday) morning they would as- 
semble and quietly take their seats with hats on. 
Each one who entered seated himself and began to 
worship quietly, which created an atmosphere of 
holy reverence. In reality "the Meeting" was the 
product of days of or a week of disciplined, practi- 
cal living and daily meditations since they were 
last at "Meeting". Even though the "quiet Meet- 
ing" has also been referred to as a "sit still Meet- 
ing" much preparation had been made before com- 
ing to "the Meeting". Bible readings, commen- 
taries, and any other printed matter which had 
been read were brought to meeting in mind and 
heart to be given due consideration with the 
anointing of the Holy Spirit. Observations of so- 
cial issues of the day and day-to-day applications 
of the disciplined life were also meditated upon. 
This was a time of disciplining mind and heart to 
be open to the Holy Spirit for new insights and 
proper perspectives as well as reprimands from 

Occasionally one who "felt led" would rise to 
speak. He would then remove his hat and give it to 
whoever was seated beside him to hold while he 
was speaking or praying. This was a practice 
Friends felt showed respect and reverence only to 
God. The thoughts expressed were "concerns" 
which seemingly could be "dealt with" no longer 
within oneself and must be shared with those 
present because one feels God is speaking through 
him. Those who shared their concerns truly felt a 
"leading" to do so because there was also an unex- 
pressed responsibility to respect the quietness. 
Sometimes several present might "feel led" to 
speak while on other occasions entire worship 
periods would be observed when no one did. 

After a considerable length of time, an hour or 
so, the elder "sitting at the head of the Meeting" 
would shake hands with the person sitting nearest 
him and everyone present would rise and shake 
hands with all within reach. This was the time for 
fellowship. Some would stand around the Meeting 
House visiting with neighbors as long as they had 
met in worship. 

A similar service was observed at mid-week 
meeting which was held on the fourth or fifth day 
(Wednesday or Thursday). 

By a member of Providence Meeting. 

Holly Spring Meeting's third building. It was the last in state to have 
minister's gallery, facing benches and divider between men's and wom- 
en's meetings. 

Melanchthon Lutheran Church was separated from the Richland Lutheran congrega- 
tion in 1825 but did not move to a new location until 1850. The present building was 
dedicated in 1902. Both churches are now closed. They were the only Lutheran 
churches in the county until 1911. 


church. At issue were slavery and episcopacy in the 
church; both of which Wesleyans adamantly op- 
posed. In Randolph County they built one church in 
1848 at Flint Hill and organized five other groups 
who met in homes, other churches or schoolhouses. 

When the Wesleyan ministers preached forth- 
rightly against slavery they were met with violence 
and attacked physically by mobs who interrupted 
their meetings. They had less opposition in Randolph 
County than in surrounding counties, but men from 
this county joined the mobs elsewhere. Adam 
Crooks, the minister who was in charge of the South- 
ern Wesleyan churches, was jailed in Troy in 1851. 

Daniel Worth, a native of Guilford County and a 
cousin of Jonathan Worth, returned to North 
Carolina from Indiana in 1857 to minister to the Wes- 
leyan churches in this area. He was abused by mobs 
many times. In 1859 he was arrested and tried for 
distributing Hinton Helper's book. Impending Crisis 
of the South, and abolitionist literature. His trials 
were in Randolph and Guilford Counties and ex- 
tended from December 1859 to April 1860. He spent 
the winter in an unheated jail in Greensboro and 
would have been lynched by a mob on Christmas 
Day if Ralph Gorrell had not resisted their efforts. At 
this time Worth was sixty-five years old. If he had 
not had a strong constitution and great faith he could 
not have stood frostbitten feet and the poor care he 
received. The trials were ordeals and at the end he 
was declared guilty, but the case was appealed. With 
the aid of friends and relatives who paid his bond he 
left the state and knew he could never return. Before 
his death in 1863, he had earned the forfeited bond 
money and repaid his creditors. His first wife was 
Elizabeth Swaim of Carolina parentage who died in 
1858, weakened by the hardships they endured. Their 
daughter married Dr. C.W. Woollen of Randleman. 

Churches exercised strict discipline on their mem- 
bers. The Friends disowned members for marrying 
out of the meeting (a non-member), forbearing arms, 
swearing an oath, owning slaves or attending "stage 
plays, taverns, horse races, music and dancing, or 
any such sports and pastimes." Friends were also 
urged to exercise simplicity in dress, speech and 
homes. If they moved, they were required to be dis- 
missed from one meeting in good standing in order to 
attend another meeting. 

Methodists issued annual books entitled Discipline 
of the Methodist Church, which covered regulations 
for the guidance of members. Excesses of any nature 
were strictly forbidden. 

Lutherans and Presbyterians emphasized the 
catechism and urged parents to teach it to their chil- 
dren. Presbyterian Sessions and Lutheran Church 
Councils excommunicated members for conduct un- 
becoming a member. 

Baptists were also very strict, listing some 
twenty-five causes of displinary action ranging from 
drunkenness and fighting to using rough language and 
refusing to listen to the voice of the church. Excom- 
munication was the last resort, but it was used when 


"... Spending some time at William 
Laughlin's in Randolph County he (Adam Crooks) 
turned for a Sunday's service at a place where he 
organized a class of eleven members (probably 
Walker's Chapel in Randolph County.) 

"Monday, July 21, he drove to Hill's store in 
southwest Randolph to get his mail . . . A letter 
from (George) Mendenhall informed him of the 
scheme to start a riot at Old Union if the meetings 
were held over the week end. Mendenhall re- 
quested a conference with Crooks and went into 
Randolph county to meet him and plan with him. 
Crooks reception of advice from those capable of 
giving it, is shown in his treatment of the advice 
given by Mendenhall. He was informed that a move 
was planned, that it was to be composed of members 
from Guilford, Rockingham, Davidson, Randolph, 
Forsyth and Rowan counties. After ascertaining 
that it would mean bloodshed for him to appear, 
Crooks gave his word that he would not be there, 
but this did not deter the mob from meeting, as per 
their plans, and the abolitionists not to be outdone 
also met. Both sides were prepared for the conflict, 
both were armed and organized. The scene that 
was enacted that day was but a fore-shadowing of 
the enlarged battle line that was to be drawn a few 
years later between friends and foes of slavery. 
Piecing the various reports given of the meeting 
there, it is known that approximately 500 men 
were present. The pro-slavery element was in the 
majority and feeling was tense. Lines were drawn 
and dares were given, and only the careful handl- 
ing of the crowd by a level headed man of com- 
manding personality prevented bloodshed. The 
abolitionists were keyed to a high pitch and were 
ready for the first blow to be struck. There was 
some minor skirmishing . . . If the provocation 
had continued a bit longer, one who commented on 
the affair said: 'It would have produced a scene 
more awful to behold.' 

"A Resolution was drafted at this meeting to 
expel Crooks and Bacon, peaceably if possible and 
forcibly if necessary. A reward was posted for a 
large sum if anyone would arrest or notify them of 
Crooks' or Bacon's appearance in the state after a 
certain date in August, 1851." 

From Nicholson. Roy S.. Wesleyan Methodism in the South, p. 


Daniel Worth, a Wesleyan Methodist minister, was tried in Randolph and 
Guilford County courts for distributing anti-slavery books and pamphlets. 
At the age of 65 he spent the winter of 1859-1860 in an unheated jail in 
Greensboro. When his case was appealed, he left the state, earned his 
bond money and repaid his bondsmen. 

In my Prison. Jan. 6th. I860 

"My Dear Wife: I begin a line to you this morning, 
not knowing when an opportunity may occur to 
send it, but I will at least have it ready. My mind 
enjoys peace as heretofore; verifying in my own 
experience what I read this morning: 'Thou wilt 
keep him in perfect peace whose mind is stayed on 
thee.' . . . I am trying to cultivate a closer and 
more intimate walk with my Saviour, and I feel 
already . . . the benefits thereof. I feel well as- 
sured that these afflictions, if patiently endured, 
will work for us a far more and exceeding and et- 
ernal weight of glory. The weather, as you are 
aware, has been very cold . . . If needs be let us 
suffer as Christians, for it is better to suffer under 
the wrong interpretation, and consequent injuri- 
ous enforcements of the law than to resist . . . I 
can never countenance forcible resistance. O for 
the meek and lowly spirit that was in Jesus! 

"Since writing the above, I have been exercising 
myself against the cold by walking my prison floor, 
and while walking, my heart has been lifted up to 
the hills from whence cometh our help; and, O! my 
sould has been filled with a sense of His goodness 
and mercy till tears of gratitude and thankfulness 
have filled my eyes . . . I will blame no one, not 
even those who seem most prejudiced against me, 
and have striven to enthrall me; perhaps they 
think they are doing God's service. My own con- 
sciousness of innocence I must and will enjoy, no 
man can deprive me of that." 

From Nicholson, Roy S.. Wesleyan Methodism in the South, p. 

deemed proper. 

All churches required observance of the Sabbath. 
The first law covering the keeping of the Lord's Day 
was passed by the North Carolina General Assembly 
in 1741. The law remained with few changes until 
after the Civil War; however, it was only partially 

Because of the influence of the revivals, most of 
the churches disapproved of fiddling, dancing, 
theatre and sports. 

The establishment of churches did not mean that 
regular weekly services could be scheduled, for the 
churches shared the time and energies of the avail- 
able ministers. Most of the churches held services on 
one or two Sundays a month, if that often. These 
usually had morning and afternoon sessions with 
"dinner on the grounds." In 1860 only eighteen min- 
isters were listed as residing in the county. Of these, 
eleven were Methodist; one. Baptist; one, Christian; 
one, Presbyterian; two, Lutheran; and two, no de- 
nomination listed. 

The denominations differed in their requirements 
for the education of ministers. Presbyterians required 
their ministers to obtain higher degrees; Baptists 
(Missionary), Christians and Methodists encouraged 
their ministers to attend the colleges they estab- 
lished, but accepted those who felt called to preach 
who had no educational preparation beyond common 
schools. Friends had no ministerial guidance until the 

Ministers were paid "in kind" primarily, as were 
doctors and others. Many were itinerate and travel- 
led from church to church on horseback without an 
established church home. Collections were taken up 
at each meeting to pay the preacher. Most of the 
preachers taught school, farmed, or had some other 
occupation to provide their daily bread. Brantley 
York comments on the ups and downs of the finan- 
cial arrangements. They varied from meager to 

For the most part, members of the churches looked 
after their poorer members. Orange Presbytery re- 
quired that its Presbyterian churches be certain that 
none of their members be left in need. Friends were 
expected to take care of those of their number who 
were in need of essentials. Methodists collected 
funds for the poor. All of the churches made an effort 
to see that none of their members were left to public 
charity. For non-church members the churches made 
some effort, but the County Wardens of the Poor 
were responsible for most of them if friends and 
neighbors did not help. Extra food, shelter and clo- 
thing were usually available because almost 
everyone lived on a farm, or had a relative who did. 

Funerals were very personal without the assis- 
tance of funeral homes. Neighbors prepared the 
bodies for burial and dug the graves. Wakes and the 
final services were held in the homes, for almost all 
burials were in family cemeteries. At first, few 
churches included cemeteries in their acreage, but 
gradually almost all churches in rural areas did pro- 
vide space for them. 


Weddings were performed more often by justices of 
the peace than by ministers, and the ceremonies were 
usually held in the homes. Except for those few with 
wealth who could provide for more elaborate affairs, 
families arranged very simple rites and served re- 
freshments afterwards for all who attended. Very few 
couples could afford wedding trips. The happy 
couple went to a new home ready for them or stayed 
with one set of parents until a home could be built. 

From 1741 until 1868 the state law required mar- 
riage bonds of 500 pounds in English money or $1,000 
to obtain a license to marry. The financial require- 
ments could be avoided if banns were published in 
church three Sundays in a row before the marriage. It 
is easy to see why many couples entered into com- 
mon law marriages when legal arrangements were 
this difficult. Marriages did occur performed by jus- 
tices of the peace and by ministers on occasions 
when no license had been secured, but those per- 
forming such marriages were subject to a fine. Luckily 
for all concerned, the state law was loosely enforced. 
There was no law requiring registration of marriages 
before 1850. 

In 1822 Allen Unthank Tomlinson of Bush Hill 
started a Bible School at Springfield Meeting. He 
conducted the school for forty years. 

Also in 1822 there was organized the Randolph 
Bible Society, an affiliate of the American Bible So- 
ciety. In 1830 the state society with the cooperation 
of the county societies distributed 35,000 Bibles in 
the state. 

Temperance Societies were organized throughout 
the state in the early 1800's. Some of the most active 
were in Randolph County. The Society in Bush Hill 
was especially strong; in fact, the North Carolina 
Temperance Society was formed at the Springfield 
Meeting in January 1831. In 1835 the Reverend 
Brantley York was the county chairman and he re- 
ports that the countywide business meeting was held 
in Asheborough during courtweek. 

State of N oi th 

Carolina, ~) 
County, 'y 


\ m 

&- " 

To any lawful Minifter of the Gofpel, regularly called To 
,my congregation, or to any Juflice of the Peace for the 
:he county aforelaid, Greeting. 

"v 7"OU or any of you are hereby authorized and impowei^ 
^L ed to iolemnize the rites of matrimony between^*^ / 
Jc^-tj *„9 e*^™** i/*'""" *ndjs*«r J£„ t 
-^r^e^oC- ► «- . — a g«a«le to the act. of affembly ih 
''fairle and provided. — 
day of cfl» >*~£ 

hit cafe rffade and provided. — Gjven at the Cleik's Office, 
his io 3 *- v,day of c/ta**<*A Anno Dom 17b 

iid.-'m'Viie /Gfc year of ov.r Indpf'"dence, i 




Marriage Bond, 1793. 

Caraway Wesleyan Methodist Church, 1848. the first church of this de- 
nomination to be built in the county. Original building with second 


October 1839: The church of Sandy Creek met in 
Conference at Shady grove . . . 
Brother Reece apointed Moderator 
one Year. Received by experience 
five on Saturday Knight. On Sunday 
and Sunda knight and on thursday 
knight following Receive five more 
by Experience. 

November 1839: the Sandy Creek Church met in 
Conference at Shady Grove and a 
way opened for Complaints. None 

december 1839: the Sandy Creek Church met in 
Conferance at Shady Grove and a 
way opened. None offered, the 
Church agree to Acquaint those 
Members who have not fild there 
Seates at Church meting with our 
Rools and invite them to attende. 


Bound for the Land of Canaan 

Am I A Soldier of the Cross 

Come Thou Fount of Every Blessing 

How Firm a Foundation 

My Jesus I Love Thee 

Alas And Did My Savior Bleed 

A Charge to Keep I Have 

I Am A Poor Wayfaring Stranger 

On Jordan's Stormy Banks I Stand 

Now See the Savior Stands Pleading 

O, For A Heart to Praise My God 

O, For a Thousand Tongues to Sing 

Amazing Grace 

My Home is Over Jordan 

Judgment Day Is Rollin On 

Roll, Jordan, Roll 

That Lonesome Valley 

'Tis the Old-Time Religion 




At a meeting of the Superintendents of Common 
Schools, held at Asheboro, on the 3d February, in- 
stant, for the purpose of receiving the report of Col 
Lamb, who, under their direction, has recently laid 
off and surveyed the School Districts of this 
County, and for the purpose of appointing School 
Committeemen in the several Districts, Col. Lamb 
made a report of his survey, accompanied by a map 
showing not only the boundaries of the Districts, 
but also the principal water courses, roads and 
other prominent places and objects in the County. 
The County is divided into 21 Districts 9 miles 
long, North and South, and 4 miles wide, East and 
West. The District in the North West corner of the 
County is number 1 - the one next East of it is No. 
2, and so on to the Eastern boundary of the 
County. Then beginning at the middle District on 
the Western side of the County, No. 8, and going 
East to Chatham. The District in the South West 
corner of the County is No. 15 and thence num- 
bered East. These Districts are intended to be 
sub-divided and a School House built in each one 
of the Districts; six School Committee men are 
appointed in each District, three of whom reside in 
the North end of each District and three in the 
South end. The following are the names of the per- 
sons appointed in each District. 
Number 1. Alex. Gray, William Bishop, Allen U. 
Tomlinson, Ahi Robbins, John H. Hale, Julian E. 

Number 2. Isaac White, James Needham, James 
Laughlin, Jonathan Stalker, Samuel Gray, James 

Number 3. Thos. Hodgin, Aaron Stalker, Joseph 
Welborn, Joseph Newlin, Michael Farlow, Sol- 
omon Wall. 

Number 4. Joseph Swaim, Jesse G. Hinshaw, 
Daniel Swaim, William Clark, Howgil Julian, 
James Dicks. 

Number 5. Wm. Chamness, Zebedee Wood, John 
Patterson, Samuel Lineberry, Jno. Wolf, Jeremiah 

Number 6. Peter Julian, Samuel Wood, Sen., John 
Coe, George Brower, William McMasters, Dr. John 
G. Hanner. 

Number 7. Doctor Brower, Wm. J. Long, James C. 
Wren, John Miller, Henry Kivet, Samuel 

Number 8. Jeremiah Cooper, Joseph Hoover, 
Thomas Pearce, John Ingram, Jones K. Wood, 
Isaac Kearns. 

Number 9. Allen Kearns, Nixon Henly, Ansel 
Pearce, Robert Walker, Jesse Thornbrough, Henry 

Number 10. Jonathan Redding, Joshua Craven, 
John Robbins, William Allred, John Henly, Ben- 
jamin Brookshire. 

Number 11. John C. Allred, John Diffee, Reuben 
Giles, Joshua Cox, Jr., William Brower, Jesse Cox. 

SUPERSTITION In spite of the church-going 
habits of the majority of the 
people of the county, superstition was prevalent. 
Almost everyone believed in magic and witchcraft 
and tried to stay on the good side of old "Lady 
Luck." Men who professed to be fortune tellers went 
from community to community, staying in someone's 
home where the neighbors would gather and listen 
spellbound until late at night. That superstition had a 
firm hold on people is proven by the fact that many 
superstitions are still known and partially believed 
and that many still wonder if there is truth in witch- 
craft. Who does not know not to begin a piece of 
work on Friday, not to walk under a ladder, to knock 
on wood when something rash has been said, not to 
tempt fate in any way? 

Brantley York, in his Autobiography, commented 
on his childhood impressions of witch doctors and 
fortune tellers. After listening to the stories told by 
neighbors and friends about ghosts, witches and con- 
jurations for long hours, he was afraid to go to bed 
alone. York, who spent his life as a minister and 
teacher, deplored this hold of superstition on the 
people he knew, believing it to be caused by supersti- 
tion's twin sister, ignorance. 

SCHOOLS When public schools were approved 
by the General Assembly in 1840, 
Randolph County was one of the 61 counties voting 
to accept the program. The county was divided into 
21 districts, each nine miles north and south and four 
miles east and west. Division into smaller districts 
began the second year because of the need to bring 
the schools closer to the children, most of whom had 
to walk. Also involved was a certain amount of local 
pride in having a school nearby. By 1861 there were 
71 districts. 

After the County Court had appointed a committee 
for each district and superintendents, the superinten- 
dents met and elected officers. Jonathan Worth was 
elected the first chairman and Zebedee Rush and Wil- 
liam B. Lane served with him. Worth was chairman 
for twenty years. 

For every $20 raised by the districts the State 
Literary Fund paid $40, so that each district had a 
total of $60 for its school. People donated materials 
for the buildings and manpower for the construction 
and used the funds for salaries. Schools were open 
the three winter months when farming was at a 
standstill unless parents supplemented them for 
another month or two. By 1860 many schools were 
open for six months. 

Securing enough teachers for the sudden existence 
of several hundred schools at once was a major prob- 
lem. The state urged counties to accept women 
teachers because of the scarcity of men. Randolph 
County had one woman teacher in 1853 and eleven in 
1855, but the real impetus for change came during the 
Civil War when men were called into service. 


Braxton Craven. Principal of Union Institute at 
Trinity, recognized the need for teachers prepared 
for teaching and renamed the Institute Normal Col- 
lege in 1851. In that year he received some support 
from the state for teacher training. By 1855, how- 
ever. Craven had started Trinity College under 
Methodist Church sponsorship and had abandoned 
the efforts in teacher training as the focus of the 

Jonathan Worth was serving in the North Carolina 
Senate in 1840 when the new school law was im- 
plemented. He was appointed to the Committee on 
Education and actually wrote the new legislation. His 
eye for detail and his determination to secure as fair a 
law as possible served to make a vague law work- 

Randolph County is represented in these early 
days in education by Jonathan Worth, Braxton Cra- 
ven and Brantley York, who not only worked in this 
county to improve educational opportunities for 
everyone, but their leadership made them known 

At the same time that the state system of public 
schools was being developed, parents and others 
were supporting private academies and schools. The 
Asheborough Female Academy was opened in 1839, 
flourished until the Civil War, struggled through the 
war years and for a few years afterwards. Jonathan 
Worth was instrumental in the organization of the 
Academy in order to provide schooling for his five 
daughters, but in doing so his efforts helped to edu- 
cate daughters of many other families in the county. 
There was no dormitory connected with the 
schoolroom. Young women boarded with 
townspeople and all of the homes of any size were 
opened to students. Worth's daughter speaks of the 
six boarders who stayed with them and attended the 

The Asheborough Male Academy opened about 
1842 and was in operation until the Civil War when 
the school building became a barracks for soldiers. 
Its best known principal was Dr. Simeon Colton, a 
graduate of Yale. Mrs. Colton was headmistress of 
the Female Academy at the same time. 

Other academies open in the county before 1860 
were Union Institute in Trinity, 1839; Middleton near 
Franklinville. 1841; and Science Hill, 1845. 

Some of the private schools were Providence, 
1770; Allen's Fall. 1820; Evans, 1822; Little River, 
1830; Troys, 1830; Crossroads (on Sandy Creek), 
1836; Jackson 1837; Brown. 1832; Frazier 1838; Stal- 
kers, 1850. There were other schools whose names 
are unknown. 

Many of the private schools met in church build- 
ings or meeting houses, some of them having a direct 
connection with the church. Their schedules were 
very irregular, books were scarce (many of them 
were handwritten copies of the one available text). 
Schoolhouses and churches were rough and ill- 
heated; the tools of learning were in short supply; 

Number 12. E. Coffin, Alexander Horney, Sol- 
omon Free, Jeremiah Mendenhall, Eli Spoon, 
Samuel Trogden, Sen. 

Number 13. Tidance Lane, Joseph Reece, John Al- 
len, Joseph Allen, Thomas Cox (of Wm.), Joseph 

Number 14. Thomas Marley, Garret Lane, John 
Patterson, Henry Dorsett, Wm. Rains, David Mof- 

Number 15. I. Kearns, Esq. Hezekiah Andrews, 
Marsh Dorsett, Micajah Hill, Sen., Thomas Byrns, 
Seth Cranford. 

Number 16. Samuel Hill, Allen Skeen, Zachariah 
Nixon, William Burney, Clayton Steed, Nathan 

Number 17. Thomas Branson, Moses Hammonds, 
William Branson, John Graves, Noah Smither- 
man, Elijah Williams. 

Number 18. William Loudermilk, John Presnall, 
M. Williams, Jacob Auman, James Polk, Boling 

Number 19. Henry Yow, James Bird, John Leach, 
Thomas Cox, Harmon Cox, Stephen Loudermilk. 
Number 20. Garret Spinks, M.A. Sugg, Eli Brower, 
Benjamen Cox, Charles Moffitt, R.S. Moffitt. 
Number 21. Thomas Gholson, Aaron Tyson, Thos. 
Macon, Reuben Cox, John D. Brown, Dolphin 

The School Committee men are requested to as- 
certain as soon as possible the centre of each one 
of their respective Districts, and assemble the 
people and fix on suitable locations for the School 
Houses prior to the 29th day of this month, on 
which day at 11 o'clock, A.M., the superintendants 
request all the School Committee men to meet 
them at Asheboro,for the purpose of reporting the 
locations fixed on for the School Houses, and such 
other facts as may tend to give usefulness and effi- 
ciency, and concert to the system. It is hoped that 
every superintendant and school committee man 
will give punctual attendance at this meeting. 

Mr. Hogan will attend the meetings of the 
School Committees to be held before the 29th in- 
stant, in the 1st, 2d and 8th Districts. 

Col. Rush will attend the meeting in the 9th, 
15th and 16th Districts. 

Mr. Walker will attend in the 3rd, 4th and 10th 

Mr. Troy will attend in the 7th and 14th dis- 

Mr. Brower will attend in the 19th, 20th and 21st 

Mr. Elliott will attend in the 12th district. 

Mr. Swaim in the 11th and 18th districts. 

Mr. Worth in the 17th. 

Common Schools. 

It is understood that the survey of the County, 
preparatory to laying off and fixing the boundaries 
of the School districts, will be completed this 
week. And it is the intention of the Superinten- 
dents to be ready to report to next Court the pre- 
cise boundaries of each district, together with the 
School Committee appointed in each. 



The Superintendants of Common Schools re- 
ported the expenses of surveying this County to be 
sixty-five dollars and sixty five cents, which were 
ordered by the Court to be paid by the County 
Trustee. On the question, (whether the County 
should pay these expenses,) - the vote of the Jus- 
tices was taken by Ayes and Noes - as follows: 

Ayes - Messrs. Eli Brower, Elisha McMasters, 
Thos. Branson, John C. Allred, John Robbins, Wm. 
Dougan, Thomas Fruit, Jeremiah Cooper, Michael 
Williams, Michael Cox, Howgil Julian, John Long, 
James Pool, John H. Hale, James Dicks, Daniel 
Swaim, Jas. Scotton, James Polk, Wm. Wilson, 
Jno. Elder, Dempsey Jackson, Thomas Fentress, 
Zachariah Nixon, Enoch Byrns, Isaac Kearns, Ti- 
dance Lane, Lewis Lutterloh, Jesse Arledge, 
Jesse Bray and Jonathan Redding, Esquires - yeas 

Noes - Messrs. Geo. Hoover, Larkin C. York, 
Wesly Dean, Simeon McMasters and John D. 
Brown, Esquires. - Noes 5. 

The Southern Citizen, Asheboro, N.C. Friday, February 7, 


The undersigned, having been appointed a com- 
mittee for the purpose of stirring up discussion on 
the subject of Common Schools, have resolved to 
procure the delivery of at least one public address, 
explanatory of the act of our last General Assem- 
bly for the establishment of Common Schools, 
etc., at each and every Tax gathering now adver- 
tised by the Sheriff of the County; which are as 

At Capt. Hawkins muster ground the 9th July 
next; at F. Goss's Cross roads 10th; at Cranford's 
muster ground 11th; at Captain Cox's 12th; Hen- 
ly's mill, (near the poor house) 13th; Eli Brower's 
15th; The Raccoon Pond 16th; at Hutson's muster 
ground 17th; John B. Troy's Store 18th; James 
Cox's Store 19th; New Salem 20th; Capt. Col- 
train's muster ground 21st; Capt. Smith's 22d. 

In calling the attention of our fellow citizens to 
the subject, as above, we earnestly request all to 
attend, and give the matter a candid and thorough 
consideration, that every citizen may be prepared 
to vote understanding!}' at the election, on a ques- 
tion of such vital importance to the community. 

Jonathan Redding, 

Zebedee Rush, 

Wm. B. Lane, 

Jonathan Worth, 

Henry B. Elliott, 

Benjamin Swaim. 
June 14, 1839. 

The Southern Citizen, Asheboro, N.C, 1839 

and teachers were paid by contributions of the par- 
ents. Most of the teachers were young men, products 
of the same schools, with little opportunity for addi- 
tional education beyond their own efforts in reading. 
Of the 44 teachers and 12 tutoresses listed in the 1860 
census, 35 were in their twenties, seven were in their 
teens, and only 14 were over 30, having chosen 
teaching as a career. On these poor foundations the 
educational system for the county was laid. 

There were individuals who attempted to learn be- 
yond what the schools of that day offered. Three 
library societies out of 32 chartered by the state were 
located in Randolph County: New Salem in 1819; 
Carraway in 1820; and Ebenezer in 1826. 

Union Institute, the forerunner of Trinity College, 
was so named because there were two groups in the 
Trinity community interested in the improvement in 
educational opportunities: the Methodists and the 
Quakers. They formed a Society for supervising the 
proposed school and resolved in 1839 to erect a suit- 
able building. It was a frame building fifty feet by 
twenty-five feet, one story, with an eight-foot pas- 
sage through the center, dividing the building into 
two rooms of equal size, each to have two fireplaces. 
The cornerstone was laid on July 4 and the building 
was finished before cold weather. Brantley York was 
the first teacher and he was succeeded in 1842 by 
Braxton Craven, who developed the school into an 
institution of higher learning. 


Brantley York comments on the small library at 
the church which was chartered by the state in 

"During the year, 1824, a library society was 
formed at Ebenezer Methodist Church and it was 
regularly organized and had officers. A payment of 
two dollars and an annual tax of twenty-five cents 
was the condition of membership. 

"The society met quarterly and at each meeting 
the books were brought together and the name of 
each member was written on a slip of paper and 
put into a hat and as they were drawn out each 
member was given a choice of the volumes on 
hand. If one was disposed to pay four or six dollars, 
he drew a book for each share. 

"At first I put in only one share but that did not 
satisfy me. I later bought four shares and, though 
engaged in working on a farm, I read about one 
thousand pages a week. 

"The society flourished for three years and I 
read a large number of books. This library was no 
small source of improvement to myself and to 
others. Any similar institution cannot fail to be a 
blessing to any community." 

From the Autobiography of Brantly York. Amanuensis Two Edi- 
tion. 1977, p. 14-1?. 


March 16th 1837 the under Signed doth agree To 
build a School hous on the lands of (Jesse) Walker 
in the Betty Elder old Field which the Said (Jesse) 
Walker doth agree To make a rite To the Same one 
acre With the privilege of fire Wood, for the use of 
the School from the lands adjoining. The Size of 
the house to be 18 feet Squar, the wall to be 9 feet 
high To be built of logs. To face about 8 inches 
hughed to 7 inches thick, the flouring to be of pine 
or good oak to be laid tite of Seasoned Plank, the 
Roof to be made of good Black oak or Pine Shing- 
les good Stone Chimney. Two windows one on back 
Side of the house Common size with Sash & glass 
& Shetters. Two doors with Shetters. Shetters to 
made of Pine Common. It is under Stood there is 
to be an upper flour as well as under. The hous is 
to be built by Subscription & let out to the lowest 
"Bidder" To be by the first of May. The Subscrib- 
ers are to appoint a Committee of two to let out 
the building & Superintend the building & the 
Subscribers are to pay over to the said Committee 
the Subscribtion money as Soon as the hous is 
Completed & the Committee to pay the Same to 
the builders. Further there is to be Sash & lites In 
the east end of the house one lite (peep) for about 
14 feet long. The Chimney to be in the west end of 
the house. 

$ C 
Joseph Welborn :5:00 

Solomon Adams :1.00 

Michael Ramsower :2:00 

Wm. Carter :1:00 

(Jesse) Walker :5:00 

Heziah Thornborough :1:00 

Solomon Wall :5:00 

Alex Frazer X :5:00 

Mordecai Lamb :3:00 

Martha Welborn :2:00 

Lindsey Davis X :2:50 

Note: The school house mentioned in contract was 
what was called the Jackson school house. Located 
Randolph Co. near the Clark Fentress home. The 
Jackson school house was north of Fentress home 
and the Martha Bell grave yard a little to the 
South east. Jesse Davis of Old Trinity went to 
school there for several years. Jesse Davis told the 
writer much about the school and its teachers, etc. 
Mrs. John S. Welborn, 1927. 

Asheborough Female Academy building erected in 1839. It was restored in 
1976 by the Historical Society. 

Brantley York, 1805-1891, itinerant Methodist minister: crusader for edu- 
cation; teacher; author of English language grammars. York became blind 
in 1853. but continued his teaching and preaching with the aid of his family 
and friends. 


The Exercises of the Female Academy at this 
place will commence on Monday the 17th day of 
June, instant, under the direction of 

of Boston. The Trustees believe, from the testimo- 
nials she brings with her, that she is eminently 
qualified by her experience, her education and in 
every other respect, to take charge of such an in- 

The prices of tuition for a session of five months 
will be $6 for Spelling, Reading and Writing; $8 for 
Grammar, Geography and Arithmetick; and $10 
for Philosophy, Rhetorick, Needlework, etc.; and 
$20 for Musick on the Piano. Particular attention 
will be paid throughout to Spelling, Reading and 

This place is believed to be as healthy as any 
other in the United States, and board may be had 
in any private family in the place at $6 per month. 

It is intended to give a thorough course of in- 
struction in this institution, and to qualify the 
pupils in every respect to take their places in soci- 

The Trustees flatter themselves that the distin- 
guished qualifications of the lady whom they have 
engaged to take charge of the School, the health of 
the place, and the low price which the inhabitants 
have consented to charge for board, will attract to 
the institution a liberal share of public patronage. 

J. Worth, 

Hugh McCain, 

A.H. Marsh, Trustees 

George Hoover 
June 14, 1839 

The Cheraw Gazette and Fayetteville Observer will 
insert 3 times. 

The Southern Citizen, Asheborough, N.C. - 1839 


A drawing by John Collins ca. 1860 of a Quaker family around the fireplace 
reveals the plain living practiced by most families of the time. 

Home of logs built about 1840 near Coleridge, showing width of logs and construc- 
tion. A new roof has replaced the original roof. 

I Enos Blair home near Trinity built ca. 1750, parts of which are incorporated in the 
// present dwelling. Blair was a master carpenter and builder. 

HOME AND FAMILY The second generation of 

the families who settled 
in the county became more established in the original 
homesteads as their children set up housekeeping 
nearby. These family enclaves became known by the 
family name and many are still so called today. 

Rooms were added to homes when children were 
born. The additions were sometimes tacked on; at 
other times planned with care by the owners. Those 
who could afford to do so built a larger home; others 
added rooms and covered the whole house with clap- 
board, completely disguising the old log cabin. The 
farm house with two stories, a hallway, rooms on 
each side, chimneys on each end and a kitchen in the 
back was adapted to the way of life here and was the 
typical home of the nineteenth century. Many of the 
same type are still to be seen throughout the county 

The center of the home was the kitchen, for it was 
the family's workshop. The high wide fireplace was 
the source of light, energy and heat. This was the 
place where food was prepared, cooked and served; 
spinning, weaving and sewing were done; and chores 
of all kinds were assigned. 

The Biography of Braxton Craven describes his 
boyhood home (the Nathan Cox home) in the Col- 
eridge section. The main meal was served at noon, 
but the other meals were hearty, too, because manual 
labor on the farm demanded plenty of food. In the 
large pot hanging in the fireplace there would be 
meat; in the frying pan on the fire, ham or bacon; in 
the iron oven on the hearth, baked biscuits; in the tin 
coffee pot in the ashes, boiled coffee. Vegetables 
cooked for the noon meal were served cold or 
warmed over for supper. Pies were cooked in earth- 
enware. Some fireplaces had ovens built in sepa- 
rate but adjacent areas to use the heat generated by 
the fire. 

At the table pewter plates and cups and blackhan- 
dled knives and forks were used by each person. The 
table cloth of tow cloth was made on the family loom. 
The serving dishes were all crocks or earthen dishes. 
Molasses in a tin pot stayed on the table from meal to 
meal next to a brass candlestick holding a homemade 
candle. Sugar was served in an earthen jar and milk 
from a large crock-pitcher with metal bands. 

When all was ready the mistress of the house 
summoned her family by ringing a large cow bell. The 
water bucket stood on the shelf near the door where 
each one washed his hands, pouring water from a 
gourd. Everyone was expected to be present, to 
enjoy the meal and to engage in conversation about 
work during the day, events in the community, mar- 
ket prospects and family matters. 

After supper the members of the family finished 
the evening chores and gathered around the fireplace 
for an hour or so. The wife and mother used this time 
for spinning, sewing or patching; others, for small 
chores, reading or studying. In church families the 
Bible was read and prayers were said. Bedtime was 
early because the workday began before dawn. 


This daily routine was typical but not universal, for 
each family had its own special situation. The homes 
in the villages followed somewhat the same pattern 
but varied it according to circumstances. By 1850 
there were families in both the villages and the rural 
areas who could afford a few luxuries of the day, 
more leisure and improvements to their homes. 

In the family the father was head of the household. 
He owned the property and was in effect responsible 
for his wife and children legally, financially and per- 
sonally. Women had no legal rights, for they could 
enter into legal arrangements only by consent of a 
father or a husband. Rare is the will that does not 
provide that the widow will lose the property left to 
her by her husband should she marry again. In 1848 
women gained the right under some circumstances 
to own property, but the real changes in this law did 
not come for nearly a century. 

Children were also controlled by the father who 
could decide how they would live their lives as long 
as they were under his roof. For all their legal and 
economic power most fathers sought the best advan- 
tages for their wives and children. Because of their 
daily close association with their children they were 
able to be a strong influence in their lives. 

The economic condition of the family determined 
the activities of the women. Even those who could 
afford servants or slaves had great responsibilities in 
management of the home and in the rearing of the 
children. Those of modest means worked in the 
fields, in the cotton mills or at some other occupation 
deemed suitable for women. Since small farms were 

well in the majority in this county, women of these 
households outnumbered all others. 

Some single women or widows did enter into busi- 
ness as milliners or clothiers of women; did house- 
keeping for others; "took in" laundry or sewing; or 
became tutoresses. The community accepted these 
occupations as "lady-like" and used their services. 

Even in a climate of opposition to divorce there 
were separations and divorces during these years. 
Before 1814 the General Assembly alone had the 
power to grant divorces. It received hundreds of peti- 
tions and agreed to less than one-fifth of the requests. 
By 1827 the divorce applications were assigned to the 
Superior Courts which also were not liberal in grant- 
ing divorces. There were divorces in Randolph 
County, but the list before 1860 was short. 

Every household had to be prepared to take care of 
all kinds of illnesses. Home remedies consisting 
largely of herbs and farm products were used unless 
or until a doctor was needed for serious accidents or 
ailments. Midwives or neighbor women helped with 

Families attended most events as a group, partly 
from decision of the parents, partly because of the 
shortage of transportation and possibly because of 
custom. They went to church services, camp meet- 
ings and school programs and recreational events, 
both public and private, as well as to baptisms, wed- 
dings and funerals. Once there they separated into 
age groups and enjoyed seeing their relatives, 
neighbors and friends. 

The family unit was the foundation upon which the 
way of life was formed in this county. 

Springhouses served as ice boxes before ice was generally available. 
Foods, especially dairy products, were placed in houses built over springs 
to take advantage of the coolness. 

ACCIDENT BY FIRE. - The dwelling of Hamon 
Miller Esq. of this county was burned down last 
Sunday night. Mr. M. is an aged man, nearly help- 
less. He was in bed, asleep; and so sudden was the 
alarm, that it was with difficulty the old man was 
rescued from the flames. Some of the family were 
absent at a camp meeting in the neighborhood. - 
The fire was first discovered by a son of Mr. M. 
who lived on the premises. - Nearly all the house- 
hold furniture was consumed, together with near 
three hundred dollars in paper money. 

The Southern Citizen, Asheboro, N.C., Aug. 5, 1837 


Walnut shells: they readily yield their coloring 
matter to water. These are usually kept in large 
casks covered with water for above a year before 
they are used to dye wool brown. With them no- 
thing more is necessary than to steep the cloth in a 
decoction of them till it has acquired the wished 
for colour. The root of the walnut contains the 
same coloring matter but in smaller quantity. 

The bark of the birch also good to dye brown. 


To cure a sprain: Take May weed flowers, 
smartweed, bittersweet root, wormwood, cayenne 
pepper; bruise the herbs and simmer in oil and 
vinegar; when cool add spirits of turpentine. 

Button snake root: good for the colic, backache, 
pains in the limbs, dropsy. 

For deafness: peach kernels (pulverized; fresh but- 
ter, garlic: simmer and drop in the ears; stop with 
black wool until cured. 

A cure for contracted joints: Take bittersweet 
bark of the root, cayenne pepper, Jamestown 
leaves, tansy, camomile flowers, horse radish root: 
boil all in water; strain; add one quart whiskey, 
one pound fresh butter, one quart red fishing 
worms, use the same. 

Through the lamb redeem in blood. Hear the voice 
of Revelation. Tread the path that Jesus trod. 

For a sore throat: garlic and lobelia; pound it to- 
gether; apply to the throat; then mix lobelia and 
red pepper together; use it for a plaster. Your 
throat will be better soon. 

Horse radish: stimulant and tonic and promotes 
the discharge of urine and perspiration; it is good 
in dropsy and palsy. For dropsy the root may be cut 
in small pieces and put in vinegar or Holland gin. 
Of this preparation take two tablespoons full a 

A cure for the rheumatism: Take the pressed juice 
of ripe poke berries and a strong decoction of rat- 
tle weed root, adding brandy enough to preserve it. 
The mode of using it is to take it in small doses 
three or four times a day. The ointment of the root 
is good for sores, ulcers, itch. 

Bone set - good for constipation of the bowels; 
good for coughs; for dropsy. Make a tea and drink 
three times a day. 

Rheumatic plaster: half a pound of rosin and half 
a pound of sulfur; melt them by a slow fire; then 
add one ounce of cayenne pepper and half an 
ounce of camphor gum; stir well, till it is mixed 
and temper it with neats foot oil. 

SPRAINS: take of spirits of turpentine, proof 
brandy, neats foot oil, urine and beef gall, each one 
glass, adding one teaspoon full of fine salt; mix 
and simmer them together, and rub it on the af- 
fected parts as hot as can be borne. Or take one 
ounce of ginger, the whites of two eggs and one 
teaspoon full of fine salt and make these into a 
poultice and lay it on the parts affected. 

From the Note Book of Sarah Needham Johnson, 
wife of Dr. James Randolph Johnson, both of Ran- 
dolph County. They were married on February 12, 
1797 and raised thirteen children. He died in 1836. 
She died Dec. 14, 1872, aged 93 years, 4 months, 
and is buried at Unity Grove Cemetery in Reform, 

TRANSPORTATION Despite the need for good 

farm-to-market roads 
throughout the county, little progress was made in 
improving even the two main highways before 1849. 
A few roads were added to accommodate the new 
people arriving, but they were no better than those 
constructed earlier. 

Plans for internal improvements were presented to 
every session of the General Assembly from 1819 to 
1850, but plans they remained. Finally in 1849 agita- 
tion brought about action on a proposal from the 
Fayetteville and Western Plank Road Company to 
build a plank road from Fayetteville to Salem and 
also a proposal from the North Carolina Railroad 
Company to build a railroad from Goldsboro to 
Salisbury. The Company built the Plank Road 
through Randolph County, but the Railroad Com- 
pany chose a more northern route rather than the 
direct route through this county. 

The Fayetteville-Salem Plank Road was one of 
several built in the state, but it was by far the longest, 
approximately 150 miles. It was the longest plank 
road built in the world. The State of North Carolina 
invested $120,000 in the project and private investors 
raised $200,000 for the initial capital. Plank roads 
were considered feasible and practical because 
lumber was abundant. The General Assembly em- 
powered the Company to acquire lands, condemn 
what was needed for right-of-way, to levy and collect 
tolls, and pass its own regulations. The Assembly 
declared that the road must not be less than ten feet 
or more than twenty feet in width and the right-of- 
way was to be one hundred feet. Men contracted to 
build sections of the road, having their crews cut the 
roadway of one hundred feet, using the lumber and 
purchasing more to build the road. Steam-powered 
sawmills prepared the lumber for use. 

After the roadway had been settled and drained, 
the crews laid stringers lengthwise in trenches and 
packed dirt around them tightly. Over the stringers 
they laid planks and sanded them for some protec- 
tion. Toll houses were placed every eleven miles to 
receive tolls of one cent a mile for a man on horse- 
back; up to four cents a mile for a wagon and four 
horses. As might be expected, some men used the 
road between toll houses and got off before reaching 
the place to pay the toll. Even stiff fines did not pre- 
vent this violation. 

In the First year, 20,000 wagons used the road. A 
man could take products to Fayetteville, pay the 
tolls, travel on a dry and dustless road, and receive 
twice as much for his load as he would receive if he 
had sold his products in his own neighborhood. He 
could market in bad weather and stay on the farm on 
good days; he did not need as many horses to pull the 
wagons; and it did not take him as many days to 
make the trip. 

Farmers spent nights along the way either at toll 
house inns or alongside the road near their wagons. 
Campfires were built for comfort, cooking and 
background for tall tales and singing to the accom- 



paniment of a banjo or fiddle. Men tried to reach 
Fayetteville early in the morning in an effort to sell to 
the first buyers of the day. The market house was an 
active place used by local people as well as those 
from miles around. Farmers had the choice of selling 
to individuals from their wagons or selling all their 
goods to one local merchant who had rented one of 
the stalls in the market house. 

The road had a decided effect on the economy. 
Owning land along the road became profitable; con- 
structing the road brought employment and revenue; 
sawmills and stores were built along the road; stage 
coaches could make better time; and new ideas 
flourished, opening up the county to more people and 
more materials. 

The toll houses in Randolph County were located 
at Page's. Asheborough, New Market and Archdale. 
Local men interested in the road were Jonathan 
Worth. Dr. John Milton Worth, Henry B. Elliott, 
Jesse Walker and others. 

Jonathan Worth was Chairman of the Carthage- 
to-High Point Section from 1850 to 1856 and Presi- 
dent of the whole route from 1856 to 1860. Because of 
his keen business sense the Company managed to 
stay out of debt, but did not make a profit after 1856. 
The use of the road began to decline for two major 
reasons: the competition of the new railroad which 
served somewhat the same counties and the high 
maintenance costs of the Plank Road. With the com- 
ing of the Civil War the Company found it impossible 
to keep the road in repair and abandoned many por- 
tions of it. The section between Asheborough and 
High Point was sold to J.E. Walker for $1 on January 
22, 1866; the section from High Point to Salem to 
John Stafford for $750 in Confederate money. 

Even though the Plank Roads proved to be imprac- 
tical, they helped many people during the few years 
they were in operation and led people to realize what 
good roads could mean. The Civil War and Recon- 
struction years delayed any new improvements, but 
seeds had been planted in many minds that good 
roads were essential. 

The change of the market place from Fayetteville 
to Greensboro and High Point for people in Randolph 
County came with the routing of the North Carolina 
Railroad through those two towns. Gradually people 
found it more convenient to travel north instead of 
east. The Plank Road went through High Point so 
that a semblance of a road was available to that town 
but much work was needed on the route to 
Greensboro. Mail service was routed through 
Greensboro, cutting time from the previous schedul- 
es, and decreasing the opportunities for long delays 
because of weather. 

It would be thirty-eight years before a branch of 
this railroad would be brought to Randleman and 
Asheboro and before spurs of the Cape Fear and 
Yadkin Valley Railroad would be brought to 
Millboro, Cedar Falls, Franklinville and Ramseur 
from the line that ran through Liberty. 

The story of the railroads in this county might have 
been different if a proposal had succeeded in 1840. 

Elevation in the Piedmont varies from 300 to 
1000 feet. The average in the mountains is much 
higher. Streams are swifter than in the coastal 
plain, swamps and lagoons are absent, and in gen- 
eral nature accomplishes the drainage of the area 
with greater speed and facility. But owing to the 
fact that the bright red roads get worse and worse 
with added moisture and the further fact of the 
great capacity of the clay to retain moisture, 
drainage in the up-country has always been the 
great desideratum in road building. Few natural 
road building substances can be harder than red 
clay when it is thoroughly dry and packed. Too 
often in the old days, though, the main ditch lay 
square in the middle of the road. Let a long rainy 
season come and add to it a freeze and a couple of 
thaws, and you have a situation as horrible as any 
teamster would care to contemplate. Strong horses 
and strong hearts were needed to brave its terrors. 
Winter was no time for a lady to fare forth, and not 
infrequently men found horseback riding the only 
feasible method of transportation. No tribute is 
too high to pay to the scores of unnamed country 
doctors and circuit riders who spent their own and 
their horses' strength in the service of their fel- 
lowmen before the automobile and the modern 
highway came to make their burden light. 

What could the labor of a small road force of 
half-willing workers accomplish in such a case? To 
bridge a little stream with crude timber now and 
then, to cut a drain ditch here and there, to throw 
rocks into a mudhole, thereby making two 
mudholes, one on either side, to throw in pine 
brush and cover it with soil, to cut down a few trees 
to throw sunlight on the soaking mass, perhaps to 
cross-lay impassable stretches with round poles 
cut from the woods, creating thereby a corduroy 
road which at best was only firm, and which would 
give the traveller a sensation not unlike that of St. 
Vitus' Dance - that was all. 

From Brown. Cecil Kenneth. State Highway System of North 
Carolina, University of North Carolina Press, 1931. p. 12-13. 


The travelling community is respectfully in- 
formed that the subscriber is now running his line 
direct from Raleigh by way of Pittsboro and 
Asheboro to Salisbury, in small Northern made 
Coaches of the first order; leaving Raleigh on 
Monday and Thursday at 10 A.M., arriving in 
Salisbury next days at 10 P.M. Leaving Salisbury 
on Tuesdays and Fridays at 2 A.M., arriving in 
Raleigh next days at 10 P.M. 

His horses are good and driven particularly 
careful and accommodating. 

Joel McLean. 
Feb. 12, 1839. 
N.B. Seats secured at the Mansion Hotel. 

The Southern Citizen, Asheboro, N.C. 



The accomplishments of this ancient labor tax 
method of road maintenance were distressingly 
meager. A typical road working force was de- 
scribed by Colonel Joseph Hyde Pratt as consisting 
of "ten or twelve men and an overseer, a little gray 
mule, a small plow, six dogs, three or four guns, 
and a few tools which often are not considered 
worth using at home." Such a road force was said 
to be hard on the rabbits and hard on the roads. 
Even under the most favorable conditions of in- 
dustry and determination on the part of the over- 
seer, the road forces could scarcely have produced 
significant results. And these qualities were often 
conspicuously absent among the overseers, as one 
man bears testimony: "If you got for overseer one 
of those ill-natured men who does not like his 
neighbors, he would get some work out of the 
hands; but as a general thing no man likes to fuss 
with his neighbors, and consequently they would 
come late and after a few hours stop working, so 
that by the end of the day very little had been 
done." Another witness asserted that overseers 
would commonly take a notion to work their roads 
just before a meeting of court, implying that at 
other times they were none too assiduous in the 
discharge of their functions. In many sections 
the meeting of the road hands was a sort of social 
function. Items of news and gossip were ex- 
changed. Neighbors more or less distantly removed 
compared notes on crop conditions and discussed 
current political events. Thus a measure of good 
fellowship appears as a by-product of the ancient 

From Brown, Cecil Kenneth. State Highway System of North 
Carolina. University of North Carolina Press, 1931. p. 9-10. 


In 1843 the County Court ordered that mile 
posts were to be erected on all main roads. All 
measurements were to begin at the Court House 
on Main Street in Asheborough and run to the 
county lines. The order further stated: "The num- 
ber of miles shall uniformly be designated in the 
same order by the numeral letters, I for one mile, 
V for five miles, X for ten miles, to be cut in the 
front side or face of posts made of durable wood or 
stone pillers neatly dressed, and that each and 
every post or piller shall contain also on some 
suitable and conspecious part thereof a number of 
notches or scores corresponding with the number 
of miles." 

As an agent for the North Carolina Board of Internal 
Improvements, Simeon Cotton of Fayetteville at- 
tempted to raise money in this area for the construc- 
tion of a railroad connecting Fayetteville and Pied- 
mont North Carolina, but failed to secure enough 

Since horses provided the primary method of 
travel (other than walking), blacksmiths, wheel- 
wrights, saddle and harness makers, tanners and car- 
riage and wagon makers were important in the trans- 
portation world. In the 1860 census there are listed 
sixty blacksmiths; thirty carriage and/or wagon mak- 
ers; six tanners; three wheelwrights; and seven sad- 
dle and harness makers. There were also ten 
wagoneers and two stage coach drivers. 

The separation of people in this county from peo- 
ple in other counties because of poor roads caused 
those living here to become conservative and provin- 
cial. Events since 1860 have sent Randolph Coun- 
tians to the four corners of the earth, but there is still 
to be found here traces of the conservatism formed 
many years ago. 

Milepost X (ten miles), now located at the Greensboro Historical 
Museum, is typical of the mileposts used before 1860. 


A loaded wagon on one of the Plank Roads which were built in the 1850's 
to make it possible for people to travel on dust and mud free roads. These 
were the first '"good roads" in the area. 


This Subscriber informs the public he has re- 
cently purchased the House and 

Formerly occupied by James Elliott Esq. South 
West corner of the Courthouse Square in 
Ashborough. His rooms are large, pleasant and 
commodious; and well furnished with every ac- 
commodation for boarders. His table too, it is con- 
fidently believed, will constantly be provided in 
such a manner as to give entire satisfaction to all. 
He hopes the Court-officer and Gentlemen of the 
Bar will be liberal in their patronage, and in fact, 
all others whom like 

and good fare. His Stables are commodious and 
dry, will be attended by good and careful Hostlers, 
and kept plentifully supplied with all the varieties 
of good provender. 

All are invited to call and make trial. He thinks 
he can give entire satisfaction. 
Sampson B. Glenn 
Jan. 1838. 

The Southern Citizen, Asheboro, N.C., Feb. 3, 1838 

From the Fayetteville Observer 


In answer to repeated inquiries on the subject, 
we have the pleasure of stating that we have Just 
had a conversation with Mr. Colton, the Agent, 
who has just returned from a short tour, and who 
expresses the strongest confidence of success. 

The following letter is from a gentleman of high 
character in the West, and contains some views 
which, though not designed for publication, we 
cannot withhold from our readers. Without ex- 
pressing any preference for one route over 
another, (for we have formed none,) we hazard no- 
thing in saying, that the people of Fayetteville are 
not opposed to the route spoken of, or to any other 

They want the road, and it is a matter of com- 
parative indifference to them by what route it 
reaches the West. Let that be determined by the 
amount of subscriptions along the several routes. 

" , January 2, 1840. 

"Dear Sir: Mr. McRae was in this place on yes- 
terday, and left this morning for Salisbury. Owing 
to the exceeding inclemency of the weather, he has 
not been able to make a fair trial of what can be 
done. He has passed through the counties of 
Davidson, Guilford, Surry, Stokes, and Davie, and 
appointed meetings of the people: commencing in 
Salem on the 3d, he will take the rounds; but I fear 
from present indications he will fall far short of 
$150,000. Rowan has subscribed $12,000. Davie 
$9,000, - the two may be counted safely at $25,000. 
The amounts in the other counties including 
Chatham and Randolph, will depend entirely upon 
the location of the road. If the ridge route is 
selected, and proper exertions are made liberal 
subscriptions can be obtained in all these coun- 
ties; if it is not, they may be thrown out of the 

The undersigned having been appointed com- 
missioners to open books of subscription for the 
stock of the Fayetteville and Western Rail Road 
Company, hereby give notice that they will open 
books at Asheboro on Tuesday of February Court 
Next. An agent of the Company from Fayetteville, 
Mr. McRea, is expected to attend, and information 
as to what has been done and the future prospects 
of the company will be given. In this last effort to 
improve the Western part of North Carolina, by a 
Road which by proper exertions on our part, it is 
hoped will pass thro' our county, it is expected that 
the people of Randolph will take a deep interest. 
All are invited to attend. 

Alex. Gray, 

Jno. Long 

Jesse Harper 

H.B. Elliott 

J. Worth 
January 14, 1840 

The Southern Citizen, Asheboro, N.C. 


New Salem, N.C. July 31st, 1837. 

According to previous notice, a very respectable 
number of the citizens of New Salem and its vicin- 
ity convened at that place on the 29th inst. to take 
into consideration the present pressure of the 

Dr. Wm. B. Lane was called to the chair, and 
Nathan Stanton was appointed secretary. 

The Chairman then rose and briefly explained 
the objects of the meeting to be the consideration 
of the present deranged state of the commercial 
interest and currency, and the means by which our 
grievances may be remedied. 

Jesse Hinshaw then laid before the meeting an 
address which was read and reserved for publica- 
tion; after which followed a considerable discus- 
sion, in which the following propositions among 
others were advanced and discussed. 

That we at this time have no currency that will 
answer for a circulating medium. 

That there is not specie sufficient for that pur- 
pose in the United States. 

That if there was enough for that purpose, it 
would be drawn off by surrounding nations that 
have Banks. 

That if it could be retained and kept in circula- 
tion, it would be far more inconvenient and 
troublesome than a paper currency. 

That the citizens of the United States are at this 
time suffering much loss and trouble; and laboring 
under many privations for the want of a paper cur- 
rency that will circulate throughout the United 

That the Banks of the separate States (as late 
experience has taught us,) cannot furnish this cur- 

That a United States' Bank is expedient; for it 
would furnish us with a circulating medium that 
would fully answer all the purposes of commerce, 
if based upon proper principles; and 

That it would regulate the State and inferior 
Banks, and prevent their abuses; and hence re- 
medy the evils under which we suffer. 

Doubts were expressed by two individuals of its 

The question was then put 

Ought Congress to charter a National Bank? 
Which was carried in the affirmative by a very 
large majority, (two only voted in the negative.) 

A committee consisting of Jesse Hinshaw, John 
Branson, Esq., Nathan Stanton, Howgil Julian, 
Esq. and Joshua Swaim was appointed to draft a 
memorial to the next Congress on the subject, and 
produce it to next meeting. 

The secretary was ordered to forward a copy of 
these proceedings to the Editor of the "'Southern 
Citizen," for publication. 

On motion the meeting adjourned to the 2nd 
Thursday in August at 11 o'clock A.M.; to meet at 
the same place. All persons are respectfully invited 
to attend. 

Wm. B. Lane, Chairman. 
Nathan Stanton, Sec. 

GOVERNMENT When the colonies suddenly 
became states in 1776 there was 
no time to write new constitutions. North Carolina 
adopted more or less the same form of government 
which had prevailed during colonial rule, substituting 
State for King. Changes were not made until 1835 
with the adoption of a few amendments to the con- 
stitution. This action meant that the government of 
the counties continued to rest with the county courts, 
but they were divided into three levels: the magis- 
trate's court, the county court and the Superior 
Court. By 1806 each county had a Superior Court 
separate from the one in another county which had 
had jurisdiction previously. The first Superior Court 
session held in Randolph County was in April 1807. 

State taxes continued to be the public taxes: poll 
and property. In 1813 the poll tax was three shillings; 
in 1854, 400; in 1860, 800. In 1817 the property tax 
was 60 on $100 valuation, unchanged until 1854 when 
it was doubled; in 1860 it was 180 on $100 valuation. 

The Easterners dominated state government in all 
branches. Because people in the western counties 
(those west of Raleigh) had little contact with state 
government, there was constant friction over all 
state-wide matters which affected Randolph and the 
surrounding counties. 

The County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions 
was directed to meet for six days four times a year. 
Court week in Asheborough brought lawyers, wit- 
nesses, jurors, traders, hawkers, sideshows and 
those with no business except to "see the sights." 
People from rural areas camped out in their wagons 
unless they were able to stay with relatives or 
friends. Hotels were full of the itinerate lawyers and 
judges. The streets were filled and business was 
brisk. Liquor flowed freely and so did rumors, tall 
tales and gossip. It was a time for women and chil- 
dren to stay off the streets. 

This court was responsible for the administration 
of public affairs. It also tried cases involving small 
sums of money or property. Much time was spent in 
apprenticing orphans and bastards to tradesmen and 
farmers in order that they might not become wards 
of the county. 

The Wardens of the Poor, appointed by the County 
Court, purchased land in 1826 in Back Creek Town- 
ship for a poor house. Overseers (also called Ste- 
wards or Undertakers) before 1860 were: Charles 
Steed, 1826-1841; Joel Robbins, 1841-1846; Enoch 
Byrnes, 1846-1848; Alexander Byrnes, 1848-1849; 
Jesse Redding, 1849-1853; Jesse Robbins, 1853-1857; 
Alexander Byrnes, I857-. A special tax was levied 
for the upkeep of the Poorhouse and the care of the 

Physicians serving the persons living there were 
Dr. William B. Lane, Dr. Barnabas Nixon and Dr. 
Archibald C. Bulla, 1846-1857. The physicians were 
required to make two visits monthly and to go at any 
other time in case of need. The yearly salary in 1853 
was $40 with orders included to feed and curry the 
doctor's horse on each visit. 


Ministers were employed "to preach at the Poor 
House alternately once a month for one year com- 
mencing the first Sunday in August 1853 for which 
they will receive two dollars for each appointment to 
be paid by the treasurer of the Warden Court." The 
first ministers thus employed were Joseph Causey, 
Jesse Lawrence, George McNeill and Simeon Col- 

The Wardens of the Poor were very positive in 
ordering that in cool and damp weather fires should 
be made in each house; also, that twice a year all 
bedding should be cleaned, sunned and repaired, and 
that the diet should be ample and wholesome. Inven- 
tories were kept each year of the property and regula- 
tions were published for health, cleanliness and rec- 
reation. An average of twenty persons were residents 
there for the years before 1860. 

All men between the ages of eighteen and forty- 
five were enrolled in the militia and required to mus- 
ter at least twice a year. The companies drilled twice 
a year in their own localities and the entire regiment 
met in Asheborough once a year for general muster 
which lasted several days. The officers were in full 
uniform with plumes in their hats. Drums and fifes 
made martial music for these public reviews. Muster 
fields were in the southeast section of Asheborough 
not far below the Male Academy. 

The first court of the Militia of Randolph County 
met September 16, 1801. Governor Richard Caswell 
commissioned John Collier, Richard Owen and 
Joseph Shepherd, lieutenants and major of the regi- 
ment. There were nine companies in the county dis- 
tricts and the first captains were: Shubal York, 
Joseph Smith, Dobson Burrow, Robert Redding, 
Samuel Moffitt, Colon Steed, John Brown, Charles 
Duncan and John Craven. The constant changes in 
officers for one reason or another created many col- 
onels, majors and captains in the county. The Courts 
of Militia were maintained until the Civil War. 

WAR OF 1812 When the United States declared 
war on Great Britain on June 18, 
1812, Randolph County men were once again called 
on for Militia duty and required to attend special 
musters. This order applied to all men between the 
ages of 16 and 45, white and free black. The men saw 
little duty, however, because the War of 1812 was 
primarily a naval war. 

On November 28, 1814, a regiment was organized 
at Hillsborough, which included companies from 
Randolph and several surrounding counties. It was 
dispatched to Norfolk arriving on December 27 and 
setting up camp about one mile from the city. After 
the British captured Washington, they entered the 
Elizabeth River, but the American troops drove them 
away. Soon after this the North Carolina troops re- 
turned home. 

Alexander Gray was commissioned Brigadier 
General to command a Brigade of North Carolina 
Militia. He was ordered to Wadesboro early in 1815, 
and arrived there on February 23. The war was over 
by this time and he did not see active service. 

The Captains of the Randolph County Companies 
were Joshua Craven, Zebedee Rush and John Ram- 

NATIONAL In all its two hundred years 

REPRESENTATION Randolph County has been 

represented in the United 
States Congress by sons of the county only four 
times and only twice have these elections been for 
representatives of this county. The first was John 
Long, Jr., from Long's Mill in Liberty Township who 
served from 1821 until 1829. The second was William 
C. Hammer of Asheboro, who was Representative 
from 1921 until his death in 1930. The two who were 
elected from other districts were William McKendree 
Robbins and J.M. Leach. They were both from Trin- 
ity Township originally. 

William C. Hammer, 1865-1930. Representative in the United States 
Congress from Randolph County. 1921-1930. 

Home of William J. Long, son of John Long, Jr., at Long's Mill near the 
Guilford and Alamance County lines. John Long, Jr., represented Ran- 
dolph County's district in the United States Congress, 1820-1828. 



ttfc THE " • $m£ 




EAR . 


£2 DAYS. AND AFTER THE 41 h OF JUI.Y, THE 73rd OF OIUI INDE?E$0£NCS.. #ffis>| 

Reproduction of the cover of the 1849 Blum's Almanac, first published in 
1829 in Salem. The almanac was widely read. 


Beat one pound of butter in an earthern pan 
until it has the appearance of thick cream, then 
beat in nine eggs till quite light, put in a glass of 
brandy, a little lemon peel shred fine, then work in 
a pound and a quarter of flour, put it into a pan 
and bake it for an hour. A pound plum cake is 
made the same way, with putting in one pound and 
a half of currants and a half pound of candied 
lemon peel. 


Take two pounds of flour, one pound of sugar, 
half pound of butter, a pint of cider, add cloves and 
cinnamon, and two teaspoonsfull of pearlash. 


Take fourteen eggs, with weight in sugar, and 
half their weight in flour, the juice and peel of one 
lemon, and one nutmeg; beat the yolks and whites 
of eggs separately until stiff, add the sugar to the 
yolks, then add the whites; one minute before the 
oven is ready dredge in the flour, and bake in a 
quick oven half an hour. 


Take one pound of flour, three fourths of a 
pound sugar, half pound butter, five eggs, mix and 
drop them on tin, and put sanded sugar on them 
just as you put them into the oven. 

From Blum's Almanac, 1848. 

AGRICULTURE The hills of Randolph County 
have dictated the agriculture 
practiced by its people since the first settlers arrived 
here. Few farms were large enough or flat enough to 
make the growing of cotton and tobacco on a large 
scale profitable. Farming was done primarily by farm 
owners and their families rather than with slave 

The staple crops in Randolph were the small 
grains: wheat, oats, rye and barley; corn for food, 
fodder and exchange; and vegetables. Each farmer 
grew enough for his own family and perhaps extra 
wheat and corn for bartering. After 1849 farm prod- 
ucts doubled because of the better transportation 
provided by the plank road and the railroad. There 
was more incentive for growing extra crops. 

From 1829 when Blum's Farmer's and Planter's 
Almanac was first published in Salem it was the 
farmer's text book. If he had as many as two books in 
his home, they were the Bible and the almanac. He 
planted by the signs and quoted the stories, informa- 
tion and anecdotes from it. His wife found recipes 
and household hints tucked away on its pages. 

Daily life on the farm was no easier in the ante- 
bellum days than it had been at the time of first arri- 
val in this wilderness. Horses or oxen were the main 
sources of extra energy. The farmer's tools were still 
for his hands to use in felling trees, tilling, planting, 
reaping and building. He either made his own tools or 
had them made by a local blacksmith or carpenter. 
Very few real improvements were made in the con- 
struction of farm implements until late in the century. 
Steam engines were available for some chores. 

The typical farm consisted of a log cabin or board 
house of one or two stories for the homestead; a 
barn, also of logs; corn crib; springhouse; 
smokehouse, necessary house; and perhaps a 
maintenance shop, although this was usually in the 
barn. There was a garden area in which vegetables 
were grown for the family; fruit trees and grape 
vines; a chicken yard and coop for chickens; ducks 
and geese for food and feathers; pastures for sheep, 
cattle and horses; hog pens; acreage for growing 
wheat, corn and other crops; hay stacks and a saw- 
dust pile. Many farms had stills. There was a creek 
for wading, fishing or picnicking; a place for horse- 
racing and games; and a swing for swinging. The fam- 
ily cemetery would be on this farm or on that of a 

Good management and manual labor produced a 
good living, for the physical essentials of life were 
here — food, shelter and clothing. The family circle 
which included relatives to fifth cousins once re- 
moved at least and sometimes more and friends 
brought security and pleasures for all except those 
who disliked farming and longed for knowledge of the 
larger world outside. 

Men practiced the only methods of farming that 
they knew which were in effect devastating to the 
land. They rotated fields instead of crops, thereby 


depleting the soil, eroding the hillsides, and destroy- 
ing the forests. The repeated use of the land without 
the addition of sufficient nutrients brought produc- 
tion to a level below subsistence. The result was 
desertion of farms on a large scale. 

Not all farms suffered this fate. There were those 
in bottom lands and those whose owners were wise in 
the care of their property. Even today, however, it is 
possible to ride through the county and see deserted 
farm land in which field pines have a stand, starting 
the growth there on a new cycle. 

In 1852 the formation of the state Agricultural So- 
ciety seems to have inspired people in Randolph 
County to promote Agricultural Fairs. They were 
well under way by 1860 and created a great deal of 
interest every year. Competition was keen for the 
prizes and the exhibited products did much to en- 
courage improvement in production methods. 

At least 90% of the people had some connection 
with farming, for the villages were small and most 
villagers also owned farms. Randolph County was 
classified as a rural county even a century later. 


Remarkable events Randolph County N.C. 
The spring of summer 1845 was verry dry till Au- 
gust court. We had some rain. The wheat crop was 
verry good but the crop of oats & corn was verry 
light. The winter & spring of 1853 was remarke- 
able wet & the summer was verry dry till July & 
August. Some rain crops of corn was good in the 
bottoms but we had a remarkeable fresh in our 
Creeks on the 4th day of September 1853 which 
distroyed the corn on the bottoms verry bad the 
uplands was verry light indeed. 

The spring & winter of 1854 was verry wet & the 
summer verry dry till August court. Some rain & 
remarkeable hail in places distroyed the corn en- 
tirely which made the crop verry light again wheat 
& oats was verry light this year. 

The winter of 1855 & spring was remarkeable 
dry & cold but little rain till June & July. Then 
great quantities of rain & some freshes in places. 
The wheat crop was good but not as large as com- 
mon. Oats is good here. & also Corn crop is good 
this year hear. 

Jan. the 5th day 1856 was a verry remarkeable day 
of snow. It were about 6 inches deep on & average. 
It remains yet with it now & the snow that fell last 
night & to day it is about one foot deep generally 
over the surface. This is the 12th day of Jan. 1856. 

Ditto from the 12th day to the 20th. Some rain & 
hail & verry cold & icy & on the 26th 27 days more 
snow & hail & considerable of sleet on the timber 
& on the 3rd day of February 1856 more snow & 
hail & cleared off verry cold at Feb. court & they 
some snow yet remains on the 20 of Feb. but 

mostly gone & it is verry warm now. But the month 
of March was verry disgreeable & cold & snowed 
on the last day of the month & April the 1st day 
1856 was very cold & a remarkeable white frost in 

the morning. June the th 1856, their was a 

verry remarkeable storm at N. Walkers - took the 
ruff off the smith shop & blew a great number of 
apple trees & other timber up & considerable of 
rain & other damage done to the grain in the field. 
August 31st day 1856 & September the 1st 1856 
was a remarkeable fresh in our creeks. 

Jan. the 18th 1857, their was a very severe snow 
storm lasted about 24 hours & verry cold. It was 1 
foot deep on an average in places from 3 to 4 feet 
deep. The ice in the creeks was remarkeable thick. 

April the 28th day 1857, their was a severe Frost 
here that killed irish potatoes & beans & cut down 
all of the corn that was up. High waters here. 

June the 21st day 1859, their was a verry severe 
rain here. Washed down our fenses & flooded 
nearly all of our grass in this neighbourhood & 
washed away some Wheat. 

August the 6th day 1859, their was a remarke- 
able rain here & the Creeks was verry high & done 
great damage to grass & fluded the Wheat in bot- 
toms & was remarkeable sorry crops of wheat. 

August the 20th day 1860, their was a severe 
rain that put this Creek up over the meadows & in 
the corn & damaged the same. 

March the 22nd 1864, their fell a remarkeable 
snow about 6 inches deep. 

Farms were deserted when the soil was depleted, when homes burned or 
when families moved away. 


■'■* ~ 


A typical farm included the homeplace, com crib, springhouse, barn, 
pasture land, garden area, chicken house, smoke house and necessary 


Toads are the very best protection of cabbages 
against lice. 

Plants, when drooping, are revived by a few 
grains of camphor. 

Pears are greatly improved by grafting on the 
mountain ash. 

Sulphur is valuable in preserving grapes, plants, 
etc. from insects. 

In feeding with corn, 60 lbs. ground, goes as far 
as 100 lbs. in the kernel. 

Corn meal should never be ground very fine - It 
injures the richness of it. 

Turnips of small size have double the nutricious 
matter that large ones have. 

Rata Baga is the only root that increases in nut- 
ricious qualities as it increases in size. 

Rats and other vermin are kept away from grain 
by sprinkling of garlic when packing the sheaves. 

Experiments show apples to be equal to 
potatoes to improve hogs, and decidedly preferable 
for fattening cattle. 

Before the days of tractors, men sometimes used horses to help in thresh- 
ing wheat. 



By mixing at the rate of one cask of unslacked 
lime to a cart load of straw, potato tops, and corn 
stalks, and heaping them all together, the above 
materials have been converted into good manure 
in 14 days. 

From Blum's Almanac, 1848. 


- ; mm*- 





COUNTY FAIR -1850's 

Randolph Co. Agricultural Fair, Oct. 31st 1856 

The undersigned Committee on premiums for 
objects of a discretionary character beg leave to 
report, that they have awarded the following pre- 
miums, viz. 

1 Firkin Lard to Silas Keeran $1.00 

1 Specimen Sweet Potatoes to B.F. Steed .25 

1 Lot Tinkers Tools to A.F. Beckerdite .50 

1 Lot Candles to Mrs. Cooper .25 

1 Specimen seed Corn to L.D. Birckhead .25 

1 Large Cabbage Head to Mrs. J. Worth .25 

1 Specimen Pickles to Mrs. A.J. Hale .25 

2 Saddles to H.S. Brown .50 
Specimen of soap to Mrs. J.S. Blair .25 
Specimen Wax Flowers to Miss D. Worth .50 
Specimen of Butter to Mrs. R.H. Brown .25 
Specimen of Jelly to Mrs. A.H. Marsh .25 
Specimen Turnips to R.H. Brown .25 
Pumpkin to J.M. Worth Diploma 
1 Basket to Peter Colton .15 
1 Specimen of Dried Apples to Mrs. S. Wall .25 
Variety of Dried Fruit to Mrs. Dr. Colton .50 
Preserved & Fresh Fruits to Mrs. J.M. Worth 1.00 

Patch Work to Miss M. Elliott 

Slippers, 2 pair, to Mrs. Jackson 

Mitts, a variety, 1st to Miss M. Hale 

Mitts, to Meggie Drake 

Mitts, to Sallie Saunders 

Mitts, to Martha Elliott 

Mitts, to Mary Worth 

Mitts, to Emily Thompson 

Mitts, to Amelia Lum 

Tidy to Meggie Drake 


The Committee on Domestic Manufacture 
award the following Premiums, viz. 
For the best piece of Woolen Cloth to 
Mrs. Dempsey Brown 1.00 

For Best Quilt to Mrs. W.W. Verden 1.00 

For the best pair of Boots to William King, 
Exhibited by A.S. Homey 2.00 

The Committee: J.M. Worth, H.B. Elliott, Wm. 

Report Committee on Live Stock 

Brood Mares: L.W. Blair, 1st; L. Mc Masters, 2nd. 

Stallions: Lewis Bingham, 1st; Ahi Robbins, 2nd. 

Colts, 3 years: John Dunbar, 1st, 

Henry Fuller, 2nd. 

Colts, 2 years: J.L. Blair, 1st; H. Fuller, 2nd. 

Yearling Colts: H. Fuller, 1st; D.V. Henley, 2nd. 

Bull: J.M.A. Drake, 1st. 

Sow, 18 months: Allen U. Osborn, 1st 

Lot Pigs, 1 month: A.U. Osborn, 1st 

Yoke Steers: A.U. Osborn, 1st. 

Matched Horses: Clarkson Branson, 1st 

Jacks: Wm. D. Fields, 1st; L.W. Blair, 2nd. 

The Committee: Nathan B. Hill, Thos. Branson, 

B.F. Steed. 

Resolved. That the thanks of the Society be and 
they are hereby tendered to Fred Henley, for his 
exhibition on this occasion of Specimens of 
Molasses, Chinese Sugar Cane and also for his 
present of Sugar Cane made to this Society. 

Let it further, resolved, That said Fred Henley 
be admitted as a member of this Society for two 
years from date without further payment after his 
said membership. 

We the Committee Appointed to Examin the Ar- 
ticles on Domestic Manufacture do Most Re- 
spectfully Submit the following Premiums, to wit: 
1 piece of Jeans by: Mrs. Eliza Blair, 1st; Miss 
Wall, 2nd. 

Quilt: Mrs. Hoover, 1st; J. Blair, 2nd. 
Counterpane: Mrs. Sarah Marsh 
Ladys dress: Rebecca Cox 
Needle Work: Miss Martica Baldwin and 
Mrs. Andrews 
Painting: F. Beckerdite 
Drawing: Miss Elvira Worth 
Flower: Solomon Wall 
Tattin Yarn & Cottin Sheeting: D.R. M-— 
Committee: James Land, William Branson, Fre- 
derick Henley, Martitia Worth, Eliz. Blair. 

Committee on Mechanical arts beg leave to re- 
port the best wagon: Dan Brow - 3.00 
Best Harrow: F. Rape - 3.00 
Buggy Harness: H.L. Brow - 2.00 
Signed: Peter S. Julien, A.U. Osborne, L.D. Odell. 

The Committee on Agricultural products award 
the following Premiums, viz. 

For the Best Specimen of flour (2 Bbls) to Jesse 

For the best specimen of 3 varieties of apples to 
Jesse Walker. 

For the best Specimen of Wheaten Bread to Mrs. F. 

For the Specimen of Butter to Mrs. Colton. 
The Committee: H.B. Elliott, Dempsey Brown, 
Robt. M. Caddie. 

A log cabin to which has been added a room of board for storage. A tin 
roof has replaced the original roof and the chimney is of rocks. 

Asheboro, Oct. 30th 1856 - 

On the 6th Oct. 1855, I laid off one acre of land 
to be sowed in Wheat with the view to compete for 
a premium before the Randolph Agricultural So- 
ciety and also to test the advantages of different 
quantities of Guano in making wheat. The ground 
selected, one mile from Asheboro, had been 
exhausted and turned out some 30 years ago - had 
grown up in sparse old field pine - without any 
undergrowth or briars or other plant except Sedge. 
It is high dry and generally with a soft substratum 
of yellow clay. 1 cleared it up and planted it in corn 
in 1854 and manured it around the hill. In 1855 
sowed it in Wheat using about 75 lbs. of Guano to 
the acre - On the 6 Oct. 1856 I broke it up with a 
two-horse Pugh plough, following in each furrow 
with a narrow bull tongue - harrowed it with a 
two-horse harrow - sowed on it one bag of Peru- 
vian Guano and one bushel of Mediteranian Wheat 
- ploughed it in with a one horse Pugh Plough & 
brushed it with a heavy brush - I cut and threshed 
the wheat & measured it accurately and it yielded 
16 314 bushels of fine wheat, of which I furnish a 

On the adjacent ground, in other respects 
treated the same way and sown in the same grain 
and at the same time, excepting that the bull ton- 
gue was not used and only half a bag of guano to 
the acre, a fine crop was produced, but it was not 
accurately measured. I think the yield was about 
15 bushels to the acre. 

Jonathan Worth 

We the undersigned Agricultural Committee re- 
port that Jonathan Worth is entitled to the pre- 
mium for having raised the largest number of 
Bushels of Wheat on an acre of land. He having 
raised from 16 to 17 Bushels to the acre - on 
exhausted land - there was no competition on this 

Committee: Jas. Elliott, J.M.A. Drake, Silas 

1 Quilt by Miss Margaret Hale .10 

Bonnet by Miss Elvira Worth .15 

Table spread by Mary McMasters .50 

Fellowes (Felloes) by Thos. Pritchard .50 

Bed Steads by Thos. Pritchard .50 

Pacing Filly by S.G. Worth 1.00 

Trotting Filly by Samuel W. Blair 1.00 

Leather by J.N. Rush & Co. 1.00 
Cradle spread by Mrs. CM. Andrews Diploma 

Foot Stool by Elvira Worth .50 

Cabas by McCaulley .25 

Mules, 1 year, by Perry Frazer 2.00 

Mules, 4 years, by Henry Fuller 2.00 


B.F. Hoover, CM. Andrews, L. 


SLAVERY Randolph was in effect a non-slave 
county. In 1850 only 363 households 
out of 2.527 owned slaves; there were 1,640 slaves 
out of a population of 15,832; there were 397 free 
blacks. Five men owned between twenty and thirty 
slaves; one owned 39; and one, 1 18; all others owned 
less than 20. General Alexander Gray owned 1 18. Of 
those owning less than 20, 117 owned only one. In 
comparison with the nearby counties slaves were 
10% of the population in Randolph; 32%, in Chatham 
County; 26%, in Montgomery and 21%, in Moore. 

With a majority of the slaveowners owning fewer 
than four slaves each, the circumstances under which 
the slaves lived were not comparable to the life of 
those on a large plantation. Their relationship to the 
white family was on a much more informal basis than 
if numbers of slaves had been involved. 

The influence of the Society of Friends was great 
in this county. Members of the Society were as 
strong in their opposition to slavery as were the Wes- 
leyan Methodists, but they were also strong in their 
opposition to violence. When mobs attacked the 
Wesleyans. Friends doubted the wisdom of vehe- 
ment preaching from the pulpit against slavery. For 
their part. Friends preferred using persuasion to ac- 
complish emancipation. Since the early 1700's they 
had managed to live with the pro-slavery attitudes of 
others, protesting against slavery according to their 
convictions and assisting where they could in secur- 
ing freedom for slaves. They had felt the pressure of 
the sharp division of opinion about slavery which 
developed after 1830. 

Friends in North Carolina began freeing slaves as 
soon as North Carolina law permitted this action in 
1782. Most of them had freed their slaves by 1796. 
There were some who did keep ownership against the 
discipline of the meetings; others moved to the west, 
leaving slaves behind without caring for them. For 
these actions, and for hiring slaves of others for prof- 
it, they were disowned. The only Friends in the na- 
tion to assume responsibility for purchasing slaves in 
the name of the meeting for the purpose of helping 
them become free were the Friends in North 
Carolina. In 1860 only five states in the Union had 
more free blacks than North Carolina and only two of 
these were in the South, Virginia and Maryland. 

The Manumission Society of North Carolina was 
organized in 1816 with four branch societies, three of 
which were in Guilford County and one, in Randolph 
County at Caraway. The 1817 meeting was held in 
General Alexander Gray's new barn near Trinity. Al- 
though he was by far the largest slaveowner in the 
county, he was active in the Manumission Society 
because he believed in gradual emancipation of all 

In 1819 the Caraway branch of the society had 
forty-two members. Of the twenty-eight branches in 
1825, Caraway, Uhwarrie, New Salem, Bethel and 
Marlborough were in Randolph County. The last 
meeting was held in 1834 at Marlborough. As a result 
of the action of the General Assembly in 1831 the 

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C It ^fJp uyJvdt Jf, %^JL g, • ' '.- 

Letter from Addison Coffin, one of the leaders in the Underground Rail- 
road, written in 1894 to J.W. Woody describing the escape route from 
Guilford County to Ohio. 

Deed Book 18 page 190, Randolph Co., N.C. 
State of North Carolina ) 
Randolph County ) 

Whereas I, Isaac Spencer being the legal owner 
of the following slaves (Viz) Jane Y. Litle aged 
about sixteen years, Sally E. Litle aged about 
twelve, Mary S. Litle aged about nine, Samuel Litle 
aged about seven, Isaac S. Litle aged about four 
and Robert M. Litle aged about eighteen months - 
for Divers good Causes hereunto Moving I do 
hereby sign over a transfer all my right title and 
Interest in or to the above named Slaves to 
Phineas Albertson, Joseph Hunt, Jesse Hinshaw, 
Abel Coffin, John Stewart and others, Agents & 
Trustees and their Superiors in office of the 
Yearly Meeting of Friends of North Carolina for 
the use and Benefit of Said Society forever - Wit- 
ness my hand & Seal - This 25th day of the 9 mo. 

signed: Isaac Spencer (Seal) 

Test. Aron Lindley 
State of North Carolina 

This 27th day of September 1830 before me 
Robert Strange one of the Judges of the Superior 


Courts of Law and Equity in and for the State 
aforesaid Came Isaac Spencer and Acknowledged 
the due Execution of the within Deed. Let it be 

signed: Ro. Strange 
Registered October the 2nd. 1830 

State of North Carolina) To the worshipful 

the Justices of the 

Randolph County) Court of Pleas & 
Quarter Sessions 
Feb. Term 1842 
The undersigned petitioners being Mulattoes or 
free persons of Colour, And residents of the 
Aforesaid County of Randolph Respectfully peti- 
tion Your Worships, &, That upon their making it 
appear to the Satisfaction of your Worshipful 
Court, that they be of good moral character, That 
your worships will grant unto your petitioners & 
Licence authorising them to have Keep & use 
firearms so long as they be of good moral charac- 
ter, or for such length of time as your worships 
shall think fit and proper - And your petitioners as 
in Duty bound, etc. 

William Walden 

William D. Walden 

Anderson Walden 

Stanford B. Walden 

John C. Walden 
State of North Carolina) 
Randolph County ) 

We the undersigned citizens living In the immedi- 
ate Vicinity of the foregoing petitioners (to wit) 
William Walden & sons, Anderson, John, William 
& Standford Walden, Do hereby certify that we are 
well acquainted with them, That they are free per- 
sons, And That The said William Walden Senr. has 
lived in our neighbourhood at least thirty years, & 
has raised his family in the same & that so far as 
our Knowledge Extends Neither the said William 
Walden Sen. Nor any of his family has Ever been 
Charged with the least immoral conduct What- 
ever. And that they have always bourn an honest 
Character obtaining their support by the cultiva- 
tion of their own Lands. 

In Testimony Whereof we hereunto set our 
names This 8th day of January AD. 1842. 

Wm. Macon 
William Brown 
John R. Brown 
Thos. Macon 
James Gilliland 
John D. Brown 
Levi B. Branson 
John Brady 

Thos. C. Moffitt, P.M. 
Jerh S. Brady 
John Rainse 
William Brady 
Mathew D. Brady 
Brazil K. Hix 
Tid. Lane 
H. Dorsett 

Society was unable to continue operating openly. 
These new laws required freed slaves to leave the 
state within ninety days; tightened the slave code 
with more restrictions; and imposed penalties on all 
those who agitated against slavery or assisted slaves 
in any way to escape. Nat Turner's Rebellion in Vir- 
ginia had aroused strong feelings of anxiety among 

In the meantime, many slaves had been sent to 
places where they could be free. The Underground 
Railway operated through Guilford County with a 
station at Jamestown. Levi Coffin moved to Ohio and 
set up stations along the route to care for escaping 
slaves. He and his cousin, Vestal Coffin, with the aid 
of others, helped thousands of slaves gain their free- 

There were no slave markets in Randolph County. 
The nearest one was in Troy. The buying and selling 
of slaves was recorded as deeds when transactions 
were made between individuals. 

Free black men paid taxes and voted and were 
subject to the same laws as white men until 1835 
when amendments to the state constitution restricted 
their legal rights. In many sections of the state free 
blacks were harassed and evicted from their homes 
with orders to leave the state, but it seems that in this 
county they were respected citizens. They were 
blacksmiths, carpenters, farmers and employees who 
maintained their homes and families and obeyed the 
laws. They are listed in the censuses by name; and 
their marriages, deeds and other public papers are 

As pro-slavery sentiment increased in the state, 
laws became more and more strict concerning free 
blacks and life was not always easy for them. 

In 1861 when the vote was taken on secession from 
the Union, Randolph County's vote was 2,570 
against and 45 for. This Whig, anti-slavery county 
was pro-Union. 

MIGRATION The saying that '"Randolph 

OUT County helped populate the 

West" could be proved if enough time were given to 
trace the descendants of the persons who left here in 
the early part of the nineteenth century. The migra- 
tion began after the Revolution, gathered speed as 
soon as farmlands were depleted here and reached a 
climax in the 1830's when large numbers of Quakers 
left, unhappy over slavery and interested in finding 
better land. The population of the county increased 
by only 3,600 during the forty years between 1800 
and 1840, reflecting the losses from migrations to the 
northwestern states of Indiana, Ohio and Illinois, the 
southern states of Tennessee, Alabama and Georgia, 
and points beyond. 

The first settler to arrive in what became Randolph 
County, Indiana, was Thomas W. Parker, a Quaker, 
with his wife and three children. When the county 
was named in 1818 the first families who settled in 
that area remembered their old home in North 
Carolina and named the new county "Randolph." 


The reminiscences of some of these early settlers 
would easily serve as a description of the migration 
of their fathers from Pennsylvania to North Carolina 
in the late 1700's. It was a repeat performance. 

Friends meetings in this county were greatly af- 
fected by these migrations. All monthly meetings 
were weakened. The North Carolina Yearly Meeting 
managed to stay alive with Guilford and Randolph 
Counties the two strongest numerically. Some Quak- 
ers left because they believed that they had made 
their protest against slavery and should move on; 
others moved because their stand against violence 
had made them unpopular and they sought a more 
favorable climate in which to live; others followed 
their kinfolks who had already moved to the west. 
Happily, a goodly number chose to stay in Randolph 
County to help with strengthening the meetings that 
reeled from the loss of so many members in such a 
short time. 

Other people also left to seek a home elsewhere. 
Landless men found it expedient to move to areas 
where land was still available. Records are scarce 
about this period because people were moving too 
fast to write down their experiences, but there are 
few families in this county who cannot name mem- 
bers who moved to other states during these years. 

GOLD Colonial land grants from Lord Granville 
and Henry Eustace McCulloch mentioned 
mineral rights but none specifically listed gold in 
grants issued to men in Randolph County. In 1794 
Obediah Fuqua, who can be called the first 
speculator in Randolph County land, received grants 
from the state totalling over 26,000 acres, which he in 
turn sold in the same year to Nathaniel Morton and 
William Bedford, Goldsmiths, of Baltimore County, 
Maryland. He had to be a master salesman, for al- 
though some gold had been located in the state, the 
gold fever had not yet struck. 

After gold was found in Cabarrus County in 1799 
and identified by 1802, property owners in this 
county realized that the same mineral conditions 
existed here. They found nuggets in streams and ore 
in rocks throughout the county, but especially in the 
western half. Early mine operations were very sim- 
ple. Placer mines (those where gold is obtained by 
washing) were worked with a pick, shovel and pan. 
Crude wooden washers and rockers were set up in a 
stream. Farmers who owned property containing 
gold were part-time miners, searching for nuggets 
and dust after their crops were laid by. 

Prior to 1829 North Carolina provided all of the 
gold coined at the Philadelphia Mint. After the 
United States Mint established a branch at Charlotte 
in 1837, miners could take their gold there for coin- 
age. The total production from 1799 to 1860 in this 
state was estimated to be more than $60,000,000, 
making gold mining at times second only to agricul- 
ture in economic importance. One of the great bene- 

October 20 1836 
State of Indiania Hendrix County 

Esteemed friend Marthya patterson 1 have at 
last taken My pen in hand to inform you that I am 
in tolerable Health & have been ever Since I left 
that well remembered Old place and all the rest of 
our relations except uncle Charley, he has had a 
few Shakes of the ague but has quit Shaking & is 
on the mend. I stood the journy very well. I walked 
when I pleased & rode when I pleased & whenever 
the Company Suited me best. I saw a great many 
curious sights on the road the mountains rivers 
towns droves of horses mules cattle hogs & sheep 
& movers of all description Some in little old carts. 
Some pact up on horses. Some on foot with their 
budgets on their backs. Some lone women travel- 
ing hundreds of miles on foot. We met one very old 
crooked greyheaded man with his pantaloons rol- 
led up above his knees with a Marilla A large box 
on his back with the monkey and other Shows in it. 
When I got here every body & every thing looked so 
strange that I often wished Myself back Where I 
could see little Joseph & Mary & Nancy & William 
and all my schoolmates. Tell Evalina my little 
present makes me think of her whenever I see it. 
tell Sarah Curtis I of ten look at my cape & mittens 
& think of her. I would like to be with you all but I 
never expect to see any of you unless you come to 
this Cold & Muddy country for Nanny is so set up 
with her Corn & large potatoes & garden & the 
prospect of living so plentiful that to hear her talk 
you would think she scarcely saw the need & I am 
getting better reconciled as I am getting ac- 
quainted with the people here for they have been 
very good to me. Nearly all the neighbour women 
gave me A chicken apiece. Some two. One was so 
near like the one you gave me that uncle John said 
I certainly brought it with me. I like this place on 
account of making sugar & molasses, last spring 
we made A large pillar case nearly full of as nice 
sugar as you ever saw. I have seen A great many 
Strange looking people Since I left there but the 
greater part of our settlement are Carolinains & 
begin to look very natural. I want Cousin Samuel 
Allred to see this letter. I saw Eli Bray since he 
returned & he said that he wished me to hurry 
about writing that letter. So I conclude my letter 
with My best respects to all inquiring friends this 
from Asenath M. Duncan. 
Write to me Whenever you can 
Letter addressed to: Mrs. Marthya Patterson, 
Randolph County, North Carolina 

From: Manuscript Collection. Perkins Library, Duke Universi- 
ty, Durham, N.C. 
Joseph Allred File 


fits of the production of gold was to increase the 
amount of money in circulation, for the lack of 
money in the marketplace was one of the economic 
handicaps of the ante-bellum period. 

Until capital was needed to finance the more 
elaborate underground operations, most of this coun- 
ty's mines were owned by local persons. Companies 
were formed in which investors from other states and 
from the British Isles (England, Wales and Scotland) 
were involved. Miners came from near and far to 
work in the mines. Some women toiled along with the 
men and were paid half- wages. Children were em- 
ployed also for various jobs. 

By the middle of the nineteenth century there were 
some 75 mines and prospects in Randolph County; in 
1884 only 27 were operating. It is difficult to count 
the exact number of mines which were in operation 
both before and after the Civil War because of the 
many changes in ownership. A list of the companies 
and individual owners as shown in state and county 
records is included in the appendix. 

Mills for grinding ore were erected and steam en- 
gines were put into use. In order to get to the veins 
the existing shafts were deepened, at least one to 
more than 350 feet, but the average was 100 feet. 
Lateral passages or tunnels were extended for many 
feet on every side. The tunnels were roofed with 
boards and shored up with heavy timbers. Some of 
them were so low that men had to work on their 
knees. Their only light was from candles worn on 
their caps. 

The ore was drawn up in buckets by mules or 
steam engines and pounded by stamping machines. 
Since mines were dependent on a water supply, there 
were slack times during floods or droughts. Gold was 
separated from the ore by the use of quicksilver and 
collected for assay. 

Villages grew up around the larger mines. At the 
Hoover Hill Mine there were shops for the 
blacksmiths and carpenters, a saw mill, a house for 
smelting, an assay house, houses for the miners, a 
postoffice, a general store and a church. 

By 1855 the changes in the county because of the 
mining interests were apparent. Dr. Simeon Colton, a 
minister living in Asheborough, made the remark in 
his diary that on Saturdays the village was a typical 
mining town with the taverns full of miners spending 
their week's earnings. 

When gold was discovered in California in 1849 
many of the county's miners left for the new gold 
fields where their experience was invaluable. Half of 
the 36 miners here in 1850 left before 1860. Some 
companies sold their land quickly and rashly to peo- 
ple who would buy. The new owners seldom worked 
the mines and almost all production ended with the 
Civil War. After the War a new interest brought 
many of the mines into use again. 


It is understood that a gold mine has recently 
been discovered on the lands of Capt. Cox, a few 
miles North East of this place. The prospects are 
represented to be flattering; but will probably be 
more fully developed in the course of a few weeks. 

The Southern Citizen, Asheborough, N.C., July 13, 1838 

A typical gold mine village in the late 1800's. 

Gold miners with wheelbarrow and rocker. 


INDUSTRY Even though North Carolina was 
late in developing roads and other 
internal improvements, it was ahead of the other 
states in establishing cotton mills in the South. And 
Randolph County was a pioneer in this endeavor. 
The drop in Deep River of over 500 feet in the 
stretch from Dicks to Moncure provided the 
waterpower needed for industry. Randolph County 
men saw the possibility and began in 1828 to search 
for the capital needed to begin operation. In this year 
Jonathan Worth, Benjamin Elliott, Hugh McCain, 
Jesse Walker, Philip Homey, Alfred H. Marsh, and 
Henry B. Elliott secured a charter for the Cedar Falls 
Manufacturing Company (first known as The Manu- 
facturing Company of the County of Randolph). 
Sales of stock were slow, but by 1836 the Company 
was able to begin the manufacture of cotton fabric. A 
building was erected and machinery purchased from 
New England for installation on land where Colonel 
Elliott had formerly operated a grist and flour mill. 

The success of this venture encouraged the organi- 
zation of another company in 1836 to establish a mill. 
The Randolph Manufacturing Company was able to 
open in 1840 at Franklinsville. Directors elected by 
the stockholders were John B. Troy, Hugh McCain, 
Elisha Coffin, Jesse Wheeler, Henry Kivett, Henry 
B. Elliott, John Miller, Timothy Worsley, John A. 
Kivett and Dr. John G. Hanner. The name was 
changed to Franklinsville Manufacturing Company in 
1839 and back to Randolph later. 

By 1846 another group organized the Island Ford 
Manufacturing Company to operate at Island Ford in 
Franklinsville. Members of the Board of Directors 
and stockholders were George Makepeace, Elisha 
Coffin, Joshua Cox, B.F. Coffin, J.M. Coffin, Emory 
Coffin, Minerva Mendenhall, Thomas Rice. William 
Cox, Thomas A. Hendricks, A.S. Horney. Michael 
Cox, Nathan M. Cox, John H. Foster and John 

The fourth mill opened in 1848 where Randleman 
now is located. Union Manufacturing Company 
started the mill and gave the name of Union Factory 
to the town which grew around it. Stock subscribers 
were James Dicks, Samuel Hill, Joseph Newlin, 
Jonathan P. Winslow, Jesse Walker, David Coltrane, 
William Clark, C.W. Woolen, Jabez Hodgin, S.D. 
Bumpass and William Hinshaw, Sr. James Dicks was 
credited with land to be used by the company worth 
$2,500, and the capital stock at first was $20,000. 
William Clark was named Agent. 

The fifth cotton mill was established three miles 
below Franklinsville near where Sandy Creek 
empties into Deep River by the Deep River Manufac- 
turing Company. Subscribers were Henry Kivett, 
Isaac H. Foust. Abram Brower, David Kime, James 
W. Brower, Alfred M. Brower, John Allen, Joseph 
A. Allred, John C. Burgess. Matthias D. Bray, 
Robert Gray and David Kivet. Capital stock was 

Three of these mills were located in wooden build- 
ings; the Deep River and Randolph plants were brick. 

Deep River at Cedar Falls, not far below the Falls. 

One of the early homes built for mill workers in Cedar Falls. 

Cedar Falls Mill was the first cotton mill organized in the county. A 
portion of the first brick building is incorporated in the present structure 
now owned by Dixie Yarns. Shown at the right is the room where cotton 
bales were first received and opened. 



On the 24th inst. a company was formed under 
the above title embracing a host of talent and en- 
terprise; and we may say respectible capital too - 
for this section of country. The amount of stock 
actually subscribed is Twenty-Two Thousand 
Seven Hundred Dollars, which is to be increased, 
we understand to $40,000. - 

The object is another Cotton Factory in the vic- 
inity of this place, to include weaving on a pretty 
large scale. The company have already purchased a 
seat (nearly or quite the best in the whole country) 
seven and a half miles a little to the North of East 
from here, which has now excellent grinding and 
carding machinery in operation - heretofore 
known as "Coffin's Mills" on Deep River. John B. 
Troy, Esq. is elected President of the company; and 
the Board of directors consists of the following 
Gentlemen: viz: Elisha Coffin Esq., Mr. Timothy 
Worsley, Hugh McCain, Esq., Jesse Wheeler Esq. 
& John Miller. We had not the pleasure of attend- 
ing the meeting of the Company; but we under- 
stand the work is to be commenced forthwith. And, 
what is better than all, from their zeal, and their 
known character for industry and rugged enter- 
prise, it is expected they will go at it with Sleeves 
rolled up! 

We make this announcement with the highest 
gratification, as it evinces the progress and con- 
stant advancement of that manufacturing spirit 
which, fortunately for this country, was set on foot 
a year or two ago by Elliott, Horney & Co. at Cedar 
Falls. This Factory, as the public already know, is 
now in the most cheering operation. 

The Southern Citizen, March 3, 1838 

Randolph Manufacturing Company - The 
Stockholders in this institution held a general 
meeting at Franklinsville on the 1st inst., and, 
among other business transacted, they proceeded 
to the election of officers for the present year ac- 
cording to the terms of their charter. The officers 
of the Company are President and five Directors. 
For the year 1840, they consist of the following 
gentlemen, viz: - Hugh McCain, Esq. President; 
John Miller, Henry Kivett, John A. Kivett, Dr. 
John G. Hanner and Elisha Coffin, Directors. 

We had occasion to visit Franklinsville last 
Monday, which gave us an opportunity of viewing 
the Work. It appears to be going on finely. The 
Factory House, (a very large brick building) is 
nearly completed; and they are putting up the 
Machinery. It is expected they will commence 
spinning in a few weeks - by the first of March at 
furtherest. Success attend their laudible enter- 

The Southern Citizen, Asheboro, N.C. Friday, January 21, 1840 

The Cedar Falls Mill was rebuilt in brick in 1846. 
Franklinsville Mill burned in April 1851 and the 
Company immediately replaced it with a brick build- 
ing. All five were occupying brick buildings by 1852 
which were used for many years. Extensive additions 
were made to each of the plants. 

The mills made cotton drilling, a fabric made of 
coarse fibers, which was very scratchy to wear until 
it had been washed many times. Later, as new 
machinery could be purchased and operatives be- 
came more skillful the mills made finer materials 
such as sheeting, ginghams and unbleached domes- 

Cotton mills were dependent on water power and 
could not run during dry spells or floods. In some 
years they were idle for long periods. Even though 
the work day was as long as that on the farm, there 
were seasonal interruptions in these first mills com- 
parable to agricultural schedules. 

On the eve of the Civil War Randolph County tied 
with Alamance County for second place (five each) in 
the number of textile mills in the state. Only Cumber- 
land County had more (seven). 

Holland Thompson in his book, From the Cotton 
Field to the Cotton Mill, published by Macmillan in 
1906, makes the following comment about Randolph 
County mills: 

"Upon Deep River in Randolph County, where 
five mills were built before 1850, conditions were 
somewhat peculiar . . . These mills were in a section 
where the Quaker influence was strong. Slavery was 
not widespread and was unpopular. The mills were 
built by stock companies composed of substantial cit- 
izens of the neighborhood. There was little or no pre- 
judice against mill labor as such, and the farmers' 
daughters gladly came to work in the mills. They 
lived at home, walking the distance morning and 
evening, or else boarded with some relative or friend 
near by. 

Columbia Manufacturing Company, Ramseur, one of the historic mill sites 
in the county. The mill was opened in 1850 and closed in the 1960's. 


"The mill managers were men of high character, 
who felt themselves to stand in a parental relation to 
the operatives and required the observance of decor- 
ous conduct. Many girls worked to buy trousseaux, 
others to help their families. They lost no caste by 
working in the mills. 

"In many localities, however, there was difficulty 
in securing the necessary labor, arising not so much 
from the feeling that such labor was degrading, as on 
account of the confinement and the necessary subor- 
dination. The people had been accustomed to out- 
of-door life for generations. Life was simple, and dis- 
content with the loneliness of the farms had not as- 
sumed its present proportions. To work indoors 
seemed too great a sacrifice. 

"The spirit of independence was strong in the rural 
population . . . Further, the large emigration had left 
many vacant farms, and there was abundant room for 
all upon the soil." 

Although the Island Ford plant faced bankruptcy 
in 1856, it was refinanced in 1858 and purchased by 
Isaac Foust, Hugh Parks, Sr., G.W. Williams Com- 
pany of Fayetteville and John M. Coffin of Rowan 
County. Later it became part of the Randolph Man- 
ufacturing Company. 

All five of these original mills continued to operate 
for nearly a hundred years. After the War additional 
mills were established along Deep River, further in- 
dustrializing a rural county. 

Randolph Manufacturing Company, Franklinville. 

Island Ford Manufacturing Company, Franklinville. 


Randleman Manufacturing Company. 



On Monday last this company held a general 
meeting of Stock-holders; and all the necessary ar- 
rangements for immediate action were made. Jesse 
Wheeler Esq. was unanimously chosen superin- 
tendent of the whole concern. - This gentleman 
will remove in a few days to the Company's seat in 
this county, 8 miles N.E. of this place, and forth 
with commence building out-houses, brickmaking, 
digging pits etc. etc. One of the Directors, (proba- 
bly Mr. Coffin,) will be off to the North in a week 
or two, to engage the machinery. The Company 
now have on the spot a merchant mill, Saw mill, 
and Wool-carding machine - all in operation and 
in first rate order. The machinery now running is 
already let out on shares to different individuals; 
and the President and Directors have employed 
John Craven Esq. to keep a boarding-house for 
hands, etc. 

The intended amount of stock is nearly made up; 
and we feel warranted in saying that the company 
evince more than ordinary vigor and activity in 
prosecuting their designs. Here is a fine opening 
for hardy, industrious young men, who are willing 
to work hard, live well, earn money honestly, and 
enjoy one of the most healthy situations in this or 
any other country. 

A slight change has taken place in the Directors 
of the company - Henry Kivett is chosen to suc- 
ceed Timothy Worsley - resigned. The board of of- 
ficers now stands - John B. Troy, President; and 
Hugh McCain, Elisha Coffin, Jesse Wheeler, John 
Miller, and Henry Kivett - Directors, for one year 
from the 2nd inst. 

Southern Citizen, Ashborough, N.C.. Saturday, April 14, 1838 



Mr. Editor: 

Knowing as I do that a great many people who 
have considerable lots of wool to manufacture into 
wearing apparrel, are unacquainted with the best 
method of preparing it for that purpose, I have 
thought proper to inform them, through your 
worthy and extensive paper, of the best method 
that I have been able to ascertain by a long experi- 
ence in the Carding line. 

First, Wash your wool well in branch or creek 
water; then prepare a lukewarm soap-suds, mid- 
ling strong, wash it lightly through that; then dry it 
without rinsing. Do not let any rain or dew fall on 
it while drying. Then pick it neat, clear of trash of 
all kinds, open and loose; then add one pound of as 
oily grease as you can procure to twelve pounds of 
wool; take it immediately to the Machine and have 
it carded; for lying in the grease is very injurious to 
carding as well as spinning. 

The time spent in thus preparing your wool will 
be double made up in spinning; and if you do not 
get good rolls, it will be the Carder's fault and not 

Jesse G. Hinshaw 
The Southern Citizen, Asheboro, N.C.. August 5, 1837 


The subscriber takes much pleasure in announc- 
ing to his friends and the public, that his machines 
are in first rate order for business. He had a quan- 
tity of excellent new cards last year, and will 
shortly add a quantity more, sufficient to make 
nearly all the cards new. Grateful for past favors, I 
am anxious to merit an increase of patronage for 
the future, as I am devoting my own personal and 
unremitting attention to my MILLS and 
MACHINERY, for a livelihood. It is desirable on 
many accounts that wool should be carried to the 
machine early in the season. 

Wool will be received, and rolls delivered at the 
following stands, viz: The Poorhouse, Michael 
Rush's, Andrew Hoover's, and Peter Dicks' Mill. 

Flaxseed, Tallow, and Wool, will be taken in 
payment of fair prices. Customers will be charged 
but six and a quarter cents per pound for making 
the best of rolls. 

I also beg leave to remind the public that my 
Mills are in the best of order for making superfine 
merchant flour. 

James Dicks. 
Dicks' Mills, April 19th. 1839. 

The Southern Citizen, Asheboro, N.C. 


Immediately, a journeyman Tailor, of good, 
moral and steady habits. To such will be given good 
wages and constant employment. 

Wm. P. Marsh 
Asheboro, June 21, 1839. 

The Southern Citizen. Asheboro, N.C, Friday. June 21, 1839 

CRAFTSMEN Production of necessary articles 

for home or business was in the 
hands of the artisans and craftsmen in each commu- 
nity. The county depended on its carpenters, 
blacksmiths, millwrights, wheelwrights, millers, 
plasterers, painters, distillers, bootmakers, 
shoemakers, coach and carriage makers, wagon 
makers, shinglemakers, masons, joiners, tinners, 
hatters, tanners, gunsmiths, coopers, cabinetmakers, 
chair makers, potters, printers, harness and saddle 
makers, well diggers, tailors, seamstresses and stage 
coach drivers to make the products needed and to 
supply the services necessary for daily living. 
Many of the men engaged in these crafts were highly 
skilled and made names for themselves over a wide 
territory. Some of them were descendants of English, 
Scotch and German craftsmen from whom they had 
learned their crafts. 

It is true that many farmers were able to perform 
these tasks on their own farms, but most of them 
needed to secure the services of one or more artisans 
for a special skill or a special piece of work. For 
instance, the products of milling, coach, carriage or 
wagon making, gunsmithing, well digging, coopering, 
tanning and potting were usually obtained in trade. 

The occupations engaged in by the greatest num- 
ber of men in 1860 were blacksmithing (60); carpen- 
try (77); coopering (34); shoemaking (44); mechanics 
(52); milling (53); and merchandising (29). 

Unusual occupations were lightning rod dealer (1) 
turpentine stiller (1); wheat thrasher (1); artists (2) 
bucket maker (1); basket maker (1); welldigger (1) 
mail contractor (1); and daguerrotypist (1). 

The effect of the cotton mills on employment is 
shown by the following occupations which do not 
show up in previous censuses: seamstresses (103); 
spinners (31); weavers (62); drawers (2); dresser (1); 
lapper ( 1); carders ( 10); warpers (3); knitter ( 1); mill 
office administration and staff (5). The mills also used 
the services of some of the brick and stone masons, 
wheelwrights, millwrights, mechanics, engineers, 
cabinet makers, carpenters, coopers and 

The beginning of the industrial age presaged a 
change in the world of work, but skilled craftsmen 
were needed for whatever developments were to 

Gravestone of Elisha Coffin in Franklinville Cemetery. Coffin was one of 
the organizers of the Randolph Manufacturing Company, 1838-1843. 

* '. -"'V -v ■ ^ ^ -. ;. ^<. jtj I 

l^cU III [\<M I Co 

fov S^wiHt'lUoMoy s- 
DyNAtWi HiU of J U 

.... of' 4, 3<-w /Mji 

-Cll^U" w"l Oil llvvw 

Chair made for Sam Hill, ca. 1860. 

Union Factory. 3rd 24th 1856 
Respected Friend, 

Isaac Jarrett, By request of Wm. Wiley 
1 inform thee that the kind of goods thee described 
& desired im to get for thee the Union Mfg. Co. 
does not make anymore. I make 414 heavy sheeting 
118 drilling and cotton yarn from No. 4 to 14 any of 
which kind of goods we would be pleased to furnish 
at any time. Very truly thy friend. 

William Clark Agt. 

Union Mfg. Company, 

New Salem, 

Randolph County, 

North Carolina 
P.S. Wm. Wiley will take this letter up. 


The Subscribers wish to inform their customers, 
and the public generally, that they have received 
from the North a goodly number of new cards, of a 
superior quality, and will attach the same immedi- 
ately to their 

which will enable them to do business in a style not 
to be surpassed in this country. 

They have added the fillet cards to their Break- 
ing Machine, which they think will prepare hat- 
ter's wool to answer a good purpose without bow- 

They will card at the usual rates, and take in 
payment such produce as heretofore, at the cus- 
tomary prices. 

Jesse & Jesse G. Hinshaw 
N.B. The public may rest assured that my own per- 
sonal attention will be given to Carding, through- 
out the season. I shall spare no pains in giving 
satisfaction both far and near. Good rolls are al- 
ways insured when the wool is prepared as laid 
down in the "Citizen" last summer. 

Jesse G. Hinshaw 
May 1838. 

The Southern Citizen, Asheborough, N.C.. June 1, 1838 

RANDOLPH COUNTY The county was at the 
ON THE EVE OF threshold of the greatest 

THE CIVIL WAR period of development in 

its history. The manu- 
facture of cotton goods promised a great future for 
industry. The plants were established; operatives 
were learning these new procedures and adjusting to 
the demands of an entirely new occupation; and 
owners were realizing enough profit to keep the mills 
in operation and plan for expansion. 

Gold mines were producing more currency for the 
market place and adding support to the economic 

Migration from the county had slowed down and 
the population was stabilizing and beginning to grow. 
In 1860 the count was 16,793. 

The common schools were taking root after twenty 
years of slow development. The seventy-one districts 
were not comparable in size or accomplishments, but 
school buildings were being improved, teachers were 
being prepared for teaching, and more effort was 
being made to provide learning materials and 
lengthen the term. 

Churches were being established and members 
were reaching out into communities in a desire to 
improve education, religious practices and life in 
general. There were some 70 churches. 

The Agricultural Society was encouraging im- 
provement of farming methods through keen compet- 
ition at an annual fair. 

Roads were improving in general even if the Plank 
Road was failing, for it had shown that better roads 
made a difference in trade. And the railroad had 
come as near as Greensboro and High Point for bet- 
ter service in delivering mail and materials. 

This strongly Whig county was represented in the 
state Senate by Jonathan Worth who had proved his 
leadership in the General Assembly before. The 
Whigs' platform approved public education and 
internal improvements (better roads, especially) for 
farmers, business and industry. It is no doubt true 
that statewide improvements would have benefited 
this western county. 

The county was pro-Union, largely anti-slavery 
and very much opposed to secession and to war. But 
the War came. 

Scraping and dressing tools were used for tanning hides. 


(Letter from Jonathan Worth to Gaius 

In compliance with your request that I would 
give you in writing (because you can't hear) my 
views on the existing conditions of our national 
affairs, I sit down to give you a very brief, but a 
very candid, statement. 

First, I believe the Union under the old constitu- 
tion of the United States, honestly administered, 
was the best government that could be established, 
and I have no belief that either section, when di- 
vided, will be so well governed as we have been 
since the adoption of the Constitution of the 
United States. 

Secondly, The Abolitionists were unwilling to 
carry out that Constitution in good faith - and the 
Secessionists in the cotton States were ambitious 
to rule the Government, and each of these parties, 
with different objects, worked together to break up 
the Union. I have not now, and never had any con- 
fidence in the virtue or patriotism of either party; 
but these parties, each in its section, got control of 
the Government and without allowing the masses 
of the people, either North or South, on the ques- 
tion. War should settle the dispute. The politicians 
forced the whole country to take up arms. Being 
thus forced into war, I had no hesitation on which 
side I would fight - My home, my wife and chil- 
dren, my property, all are here, and when forced to 
fight, I never had hesitation, embracing the side of 
the South, and wishing it to be victorious. The 
hatred between the two sections has now become 
so deep-seated that the Union cannot be restored 
at any early day, so as to leave the South feeling 
like free men. As a conquered people we would be 
an unprofitable appendage to the North. The two 
sections ought to separate for the present and the 
war to cease. If time and experience should wear 
out our animosities and teach us that it would be 
best to reunite, at some distant time, let the gov- 
ernment of Washington be restored. 

War is a game of chance. At present (written 
May 23rd, 1862) our people are very gloomy. The 
enemy seems to be surrounding us and driving us 
back everywhere. And the dispotic conduct of our 
government and its disregard of our newly adopted 
constitution in attempting to release our paroled 
prisoners from the obligations of their oath - the 
adoption of martial law in most of our consider- 
able towns - the attempt to disarm our people - the 
conscription act, and the reckless expenditure of 
money and destruction of property - and the sei- 
zure of the citizen by the military power and re- 
moving him to another State to be tried by a 
courtmartial instead of a criminal court in the 
State. The attempt to pass a sedition law to silence 
complaint - all these things sink the heart of the 
patriot and unnerve the aim of a noble soldier. 

My motto is "never despair." I see nothing flat- 
tering in the future, but keep a good look out in 
order to do as much of good and avert as much of 
evil possible. 


CIVIL WAR Randolph County sent its share of 
troops to the Confederate Army but 
a very real war was fought on the home front. Seces- 
sion which came in spite of the county's opposition 
to it left many citizens stunned by the situation in 
which they found themselves. Some men took up the 
Confederate cause believing there was no other re- 
course open to them since the state was allied with 
the Confederacy; others remained adamantly op- 
posed; while others hoped they would not have to be 
actively involved. 

Groups were formed on each side, but activity was 
not general until the Confederate States announced 
April 16, 1862, that men between the ages of 18 and 
35 (45 by November 1862) would be subject to con- 
scription. Decisions about obeying these orders were 
forced on men who had hoped to remain neutral. 
Some men left the state and the South; some went 
underground; some obeyed the orders and some de- 
fied them. Jonathan Worth was unwilling to be milit- 
ant on either side, but he cast his lot with the Confed- 
eracy. His attitude was shared by many Randolph 
citizens, but not all of them made the same decision. 

The division in the sympathies of the people in this 
county became so pronounced as the war dragged on 
that Confederate or State troops were called in seven 
times in order to protect citizens loyal to the Confed- 
eracy and to arrest deserters and men who refused to 
be drafted. The first such occasion was in August 
1861, early in the war. Bands of opposition were al- 
ready organized in the Franklinsville and the Foust's 
Mill areas. The last occasion was in March 1865. 

Conscription caused the first Peace Meeting in op- 
position to the war. It was held at Scott's Old Field in 
Tabernacle Township, March 12, 1862. One of the 
leaders was John C. Hill who asked all who agreed 
with him to line up behind a white flag. Fifty men did 
so, showing their preference for the Union. A second 
important meeting was held on August 15, 1863, at 
Little River. Leaders were Colonel J. D. Cox, W. M. 
Smith. Dr. E. Phillips and William Gollihorn. Resolu- 
tions were passed urging a stop to this wicked, un- 
holy, bloody war. They favored peace on any terms. 

Exemptions from conscription included militia of- 
ficers, teachers, ministers, state and Confederate 
civil servants, certain manufacturers and indus- 
trialists and owners of twenty or more slaves. Quak- 
ers were exempted by the state before October 1862 
upon payment of $100; and they were exempted by 


the Confederacy by paying $500. It was provided that 
they could work in the salt works, make supplies for 
the army or do other essential work if they could not 
pay the fee. A few who refused to support the war 
effort in any way were abused, tortured, arrested, or 
killed by over-zealous officers. Caught in the middle 
were those "half-way" Quakers whose families were 
members of the Society of Friends but they them- 
selves had married "out of the unity" or left for other 
reasons. They could not always prove their exemp- 
tions even though they were as opposed to the war as 
if they had been active members of the Society. 

Those who refused to honor the draft and hid out 
from the troops were called "outliers." They re- 
sented the exemptions provided under the act and 
felt they were being unjustly called up for duty. In 
this county almost all men operated their own farms 
and did not have slaves or others to carry on while 
they were away. Their absence meant no crops; and 
no harvest meant no food for their families. The 
whole Piedmont was faced with this problem, but 
Randolph was the center of the area affected most 
acutely: Randolph, Davidson, Chatham, Moore and 
Montgomery Counties. The hills, caves and forests 
of southern Randolph soon became the home of 
many conscripts who refused to go into the army 
(sometimes called recusant conscripts) and deserters 
from the army. They were able to hold out for 
months at the time, because family members and 
friends fed and clothed them and warned them if ar- 
resting officers came near. There is no doubt that 
over half of the people in the county were sympathe- 
tic with the outliers if the votes in the election of 1864 
indicate the percentage of Unionists. 

In 1862 one Randolph County native wrote a book 
expressing his opinions about the war and distributed 
it rather widely. He was Bryan Tyson, born in 1830 at 
Brower's Mills in southeastern Randolph, son of 
Aaron Tyson. By 1860 he was living in Moore 
County. He was not a member of any group, but had 
come to his own conclusions. His independent stand 
in his book, A Ray of Light; or a Treatise on the 
Sectional Troubles Religiously and Morally Consi- 
dered, was contrary to views of most groups and 
both factions. He declared that the war was caused 
by evil leaders on both sides; that the Confederate 
government could not possibly hold out against the 
North; and prophesied doom for the Confederacy 
because leaders were not religious men. He desired 
very much to help in putting an end to the war and 
was determined to speak out. He was arrested and 
given a short sentence for publishing the book. 

He moved to Raleigh and continued writing, print- 
ing a circular containing a digest more or less of his 
book. Governor Vance commented on the circular 
that before 1861 it might have helped to prevent the 
war, but that it was too late. The circular could not be 
sent through the mails, but several were distributed 
by hand. In 1863 in order to avoid more arrests, 
Tyson fled to Washington where he continued to 


( Letter from Jonathan Worth to Allen M. Tomlinson 
dated April 4th, 1862) 

I felt extreme solicitude to relieve such of your 
Society as were drafted, and from Morehead City 
and Wilmington earnestly pressed it upon the 
Govr. to allow such as would labor at the Salt 
Works or send a substitute as a laborer, at a liberal 
rate of wages, to be excused from military service. 
He cheerfully assented to it. Brother M., I think, 
further got permission to accept $11 per month, to 
be used in making salt, as a commutation for mili- 
tary service, from those Quakers who might prefer 
to pay it, in lieu of laboring or sending in a laborer. 
The Salt is being made not for the army only, but 
for the whole people. It never occurred to me that 
you would have any scruples about adopting this 
plan of relief - any more than you would have 
scruples about a surplus of corn, which would go to 
feed the army and the people and thus protract the 
war. I am greatly disappointed and mortified at 
your decision. The well-intending efforts of 
brother Milton and myself, instead of relieving 
you, I have no doubt will result greatly to your 
prejudice. As the lawmaking power would not re- 
lieve you entirely, we conceived we had fallen on a 
plan which would be gladly and thankfully 

I understand it is intended to seize and send to 
the hospitals as nurses such of the Quakers as de- 
cline to comply, and I fear you will lose the sympa- 
thy which many of the best men in the State have 
felt for you. 

If we have unconsciously placed you in a worse 
position than you were, I hope you will at least 
allow us credit for the best intentions. 

The place where the salt is made is 8 miles from 
Wilmington and some 20 miles from the forts at 
New Inlet and the mouth of the River. The enemy's 
war vessels cannot approach near it. There is 
ample opportunity to escape. The sea breezes 
make it pleasant and healthful. The wealthiest cit- 
izens of Wilmington have their summer residences 
on the Sound, on account of the pleasantness and 
salubrity of the location. The hardest work is cut- 
ting and splitting cord wood - $20 per month is 
allowed each laborer who feeds himself and $3 per 
day to a man with a good two-horse team, he feed- 
ing himself and horses. Corn is cheaper in Wil- 
mington than it is here. 

I sincerely hope you will re-consider your deci- 
sion - at least so far as to allow such members to 
accept the proposed alternative without censure 
from his Society. 

(In answer to Tomlinson's report that the Soci- 
ety would censure all who made salt for the Army. 
This letter convinced them that they had few al- 
ternatives left and led to the release of men from 
the Meeting to work in the Salt Works without 





The flag carried by Company M (Randolph Hornets), 22d Regiment, 
North Carolina Troops, CSA, now belongs to the Historical Society. 


(Letter from Jonathan Worth to his 

brother, Joseph A. Worth, 

August 13, 1863) 

The political elements are in bad fix in this 
state. The masses are for peace on any terms. Hol- 
den knows this and his paper takes like wildfire. 
He says his subscription list has increased 25 per 
cent since 17 July, and I do not doubt it. The Gov. 
stands firmly by the position taken by him in his 
inaugural. The split is unfortunate. There is no 
nobler spirit in N.C. than Gov. V's but the masses 
are determined the war shall cease. As soon as 
spirit extends from the people to the army, the end 
will come. 

I believe we shall have a worthless government if 
we become independent, and am for peace on any 
terms not humiliating — but have nothing to say. 

There is no man whom I so much admire as Gov 
V. but his feelings are more pugnacious than mine. 
I believe there is no virtue in the ruling powers, 
North and South, and don't feel like fighting in 
such a contest. 


(Letter from Jonathan Worth to J.J. Jackson 

dated May 19th, 1862) 

Whatever may be the issue of the War, Confed- 
erate money must be nearly useless at the end of 
the war. Nobody doubts this, and all who hold any 
considerable amount of it are anxious to invest it 
in cotton, land, and other property. 

You know I have been unable to anticipate any 
good to grow out of this war. The most disastrous 
issue would be ''subjugation," a word I hate be- 
cause it has been so long a cant party expression. If 
our troops at Richmond do not perform better 
than at Norfolk- Yorktown, etc., we are in danger 
of the dread reality - subjugation. I try to hope for 
the best, but can see nothing but ruin. 

speak his mind on the necessity for moral and reli- 
gious standards for leaders. North and South. 

The rift between those called Abolitionists, Lin- 
colnites. Unionists or Tories and those called Con- 
federates, Loyalists, or Secessionists (shortened to 
Secesh at times) was deep. Bitterness, hatred and 
fear were widespread. This rift caused divisions in 
families between brothers, fathers and sons, and 
other relatives and brought on actual warfare in 
neighborhoods where men did not agree. The differ- 
ences were made more deplorable by the fact that 
these neighbors were the descendants of early 
settlers whose families had lived close to each other 
for generations and through intermarriage were often 

The few histories that have been written covering 
the period in this county have called the men who 
refused to enlist in the army or who deserted after 
enlistment cowards and criminals. In a thesis com- 
pleted in 1978 William T. Auman examined docu- 
ments of the war years to provide a more complete 
and impartial account of events. His findings show 
that atrocities were committed on both sides; that 
most of the outliers were sincere in their opposition 
to a cause they could not support; that the county 
was pitifully torn between the two sides; that Ran- 
dolph was the center of the undercurrent of opposi- 
tion to the Confederacy in the Piedmont; and that the 
county was known throughout the Confederacy as 
one of the areas where the Peace Movement had the 
strongest support. 

By the fall of 1862 militant Unionists openly defied 
loyal citizens by robbing and plundering and thus 
earned for themselves the name of criminals and de- 
speradoes. Because they were hiding out they had no 
way to earn a living, but they felt justified in taking 
food and clothing from the Confederates who sym- 
pathized with the government that had conscripted 
them. Also, they robbed to secure food for their 
families. Since much of the time troops as well as 
outliers lived off the land, those at home were sub- 
jected to raids of all kinds. 

When Confederate troops were called in to round 
up deserters and recusant conscripts, they found it 
very difficult to catch the outliers because they knew 
the countryside better than those new to the county. 
They could find few guides who would lead them to 
the hideouts. One Confederate officer said, ". . .this 
is the most disagreeable business I have ever been 
engaged in." 

The election of 1864 provides information on the 
attitude of the voters. Peace candidates on the slate 
won out over all other nominees: James Madison B. 
Leach for Congress (Seventh District); W. W. Holden 
for Governor (Randolph was one of only three coun- 
ties to vote for him, the others elected Zebulon B. 
Vance); Enos T. Blair and Joel Ashworth for State 
House of Commons; Thomas Black for State Senate 
(who lost out to Giles Mebane in the district) and Z. 


F. Rush for Sheriff. They defeated Marmaduke Ro- 
bins and J. M. Worth for the General Assembly; A. 

G. Foster for Congress and J. W. Steed for Sheriff. 
Before the election Rev. Orrin Churchill exposed the 
Red Strings (or Heroes of America), a secret society 
of union sympathizers which had grown quite strong 
in the state. Randolph County apparently had many 
members, more than enough to elect a slate of men 
who held their beliefs. 

By the winter of 1864-1865 the situation was grow- 
ing desperate for the Confederacy. There was now a 
new element in the "Inner Civil War"' which William 
T. Auman has called the events in Randolph County. 
Deserters without any roots here were coming in to 
hide from authorities. They came from Lee's Army, 
Union troops, other counties and other states. They 
did not know Loyalists and Unionists apart and pre- 
yed on both groups, robbing for more than food. In 
February 1865 John Milton Worth asked Governor 
Vance for permission to ask some of the "'better class 
of the deserters" to help in locating the robbers. 
Permission was granted but it was too late for satis- 
factory results. 

In March 1865 Lt. Colonel A. C. McAlister was 
ordered to Asheboro to break up and disperse bands 
of deserters. He was to send his reports to the Army 
of Northern Virginia. The 600 men under his com- 
mand were also to protect bridges, railroad lines and 
warehouses in the area because Sherman's troops 
were approaching from the south. Governor Vance 
ordered the Home Guard to assist in arresting 
deserters. Colonel McAlister was given authority to 
arrest and hold deserters and to impress persons who 
might serve as guides. He reported that he believed 
there were 600 deserters in the county with at least 
200 of them well organized. Later he reported the 
arrest of approximately 100 men. Two arrests of note 
were made in late March: Alpheus Gollihorn, a 
deserter, and Private William F. Walters of the In- 
diana Cavalry. Among other charges they were ac- 
cused of killing John Vandeiford of the Confederate 
Army while he was home recuperating from a 
wound. Gollihorn was shot on March 22, 1865, at the 
springs near Page's Toll House on the old Plank 
Road. Walters was tried at a court martial in Ashe- 
boro and was found guilty and shot on April 1 . Colonel 
McAlister's troops were ordered to Salisbury on the 
same day to meet Stoneman's Raiders. 

Three brigades of General Joseph E. Johnston's 
troops arrived in the Red Cross Community on April 
16, 1865. The desperate condition of the army at the 
time of surrender resulted in poor discipline and low 
morale, and the soldiers camping there terrorized the 
people who resided in that area. On May 2 these men 
marched to Bush Hill where they were mustered out. 
With Johnston's surrender to Sherman on April 26, 
the war was officially over in North Carolina. Each 
man, both officers and enlisted men, on leaving the 
army was given one Mexican silver dollar and 
twenty-five cents in U. S. silver. 



(Letter from Joseph Newlin to Jonathan Worth 

sent from New Market, 6 December 1862) 

I feel glad to see the Conservatives getting in 
power, and hope to see honest conservatives fill 
every office from the Governor down to the Sec- 
tion Master on the Rail Road, believing it to be a 
prelude to peace, by putting good, honest intelli- 
gent men in power, and I may add Christian men, 
which embraces almost my only hope of peace. 

I was gratified at the nomination of thy name for 
Treasurer and hope ere this thee is elected to that 
important office. 

There is one subject to which I wish to call thy 
attention. Not knowing whether it would be advis- 
able at the present time to agitate it, which is the 
subject, of Friends paying the $500 - the price of 
exemption under the Conscript act, whether it re- 
leases them from the ordinance requiring the 
payment of $100. I have my own views in relation 
to it, but I do not know whether they are correct, 
therefore I wish thy opinion in the matter, if it is 
the case that we should be liable to pay both taxes, 
I do think that those who pay the $500.00 and 
those who are detailed to Salt Works, etc. ought to 
be exonerated from the requisition of the ordi- 
nance, and in case they would be liable under the 
ordinance, would it be imprudent to ask the legis- 
lature to release us from such obligation. - Would 
be pleased to hear from you on the subject, as well 
as any other subject as thee may feel inclined. 


The Reigning South 


Maryland, My Maryland 

Bonnie Blue Flag 

Stonewall Jackson's Way 

We're Tenting Tonight On The Old Camp Ground 

Listen to the Mocking Bird 

All Quiet Along the Potomac 

Home Sweet Home 

Do They Think Of Me At Home 

Tramp, Tramp, Tramp, the Boys Are Marching 

From W. H. Lineberry to Jonathan Worth: 
Randolph County N.C. Dec. I lth 1862 

I have concluded to drop you a few lines altho I 
don't know that it hardly worth while to waist ink 
and paper on the subject which I am going to write 

You know the conscript Exemption law exempts 
nearly all kinds of mecanicks except Hatters. I 
have been at that business for nearly 20 years and 
it does seem to me that the Hatter is as much 
needed at home as any other mecanick. My 
Friends all say that my services would be worth 


more to the Confederacy at my work than in the 

You know that when our volentears left hear 
they all wore caps now as soon as one comes home 
and can get hear he wants a Hat they cuss the caps 
1 Herd one say that he had rather go Barefooted 
than Bare Headed, you know that Hatters is very 
scarce in the South our shop was the only one that 
made Fur Hats before the war in this Part of the 
State I think there was one in the western Part of 
the State and one in the East that made fur Hats. 

Now my object in dropping you this letter is to 
know if you and Mr. Robbins cant do something in 
the Legislator for the Hatters ofN.C. I think if you 
could it would be approved of By the people of 

I know I am no better than any Body Els or that 
Hatters Has as good a rite to fight as any Body Els. 
But still it does seem to me that they had as much 
rite to Be Exemp as the most of the rest that is 
Exempted it is allmost a nuff to make a man go 
crazy to Be about a Hat shop now unless He Had a 
House full of Hats. 

I have made a Doz good wool Hats for your Boys 
and now I want you do Do something for me if you 
can and 1 think if the thing was Brot up Before the 
Legislator that some thing might be done for the 
Hat Makers. 

My Father says He Has been at the Business for 
40 years and that their never has Been anything 
done to incourage the manufacturing of Hats and 
now we are in the Southern Confederacy he Does 
think the Hater ough to be incouraged. The South 
abounds with the Best of fur if we had Hands to 
work it But we all have to be forced in the army the 
army will Have to go Bare Headed and the Boy & 
old men at Home 

if I have to go in the army our Shop will have to 
be closed as father is so Deaf that he con't hunt 
trimings as we have to go allmost all over the Con- 
federacy to get trimings 

I suppose you dont know me but Mr. Robbins 
Does and if you want any information concerning 
me Mr. Robbins can give it. 

I Believe the Exemption law give the President 
and Secretary of war the power to Exemp any per- 
sons that they think Has a right to be Exemp that 
is not named in the list of Exemptions and I have 
thought that if the Legislator of N.C. was to pass a 
resolution in favor of the Hatters and Call the at- 
tention of the President to it it might do something 
for the Hatters of this State. 

(P.S.) - we have your Hat done By Saturdy after 
you left But never Herd a word from you til your 
Boy came after it a few days ago 

From Worth, Jonathan. Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 
North Carolina Historical Commission, 1909, v. 1, p. 213-214 

After nearly three years of being hunted, outliers 
were free to return to their homes. Pro-Confederate 
sympathizers could relax and no longer fear danger 
to themselves and their property. William T. Auman 
says, however, "A deep bitterness lingered in the 
hearts of the Unionists and Confederates for months 
afterward and many brutal acts were committed to 
settle wartime grudges as attested by the court 
records of 1865 and 1866." Randolph citizens left the 
county for the West in large numbers. 

While all of these events were occurring on the 
home front, men from the county had enlisted in the 
North Carolina Troops of the Confederate Army. 
The county sent nine full companies. Of the 22nd N. 
C. Regiment, Company I (Davis Guards) com- 
manded by Captains S. G. Worth and George Van 
Buren Lamb; Company L (Uwharrie Rifles) com- 
manded by Captains Robert H. Gray, J. A. C. 
Brown, Lee Russell and Y. M. C. Johnson; and 
Company M (Randolph Hornets) commanded by 
Captains John M. Odell, Laban Odell, Warren B. 
Kivett and C. F. Siler. Of the 38th N. C. Regiment, 
Company H commanded by Captains Noah Rush and 
William L. Thornburg. Of the 46th Regiment, Com- 
pany F commanded by Captains A. C. McAlister, 
Thomas A. Branson and Meredith M. Teague, and 
Company G commanded by Captains O. W. Carrand 
Robert P. Troy. Of the 52nd Regiment, Company B 
commanded by Captains James K. Foulkes and Jesse 
W. Kyle. Of the Second Battalion, Company F 
commanded by Captains T. W. Andrews and John 
M. Hancock. 

There were men making up from one-third to one- 
half of the following companies: Company H of the 
3rd N. C. Regiment; Companies E and H of the 44th 
N. C. Regiment; and Companies A and D of the 8th 

Company F of the 70th N. C. Regiment was com- 
posed of the Junior Reserves, 17-year-old young 
men. Organized in May 1864 it was stationed in eas- 
tern North Carolina and was not supposed to leave 
the state. The company was commanded by Captain 
W. S. Lineberry and served for a time with Major 
Walter Clark. 

Company M of the 22d Regiment (the Randolph 
Hornets) carried a battle flag through all their battles 
which was lost in one of the engagements. It was 
located in Connecticut in 1965 and returned to the 
Randolph County Historical Society. 

Braxton Craven at Trinity College organized the 
students of conscript age into a unit called the Trinity 
Guards in the fall of 1861. In December he was or- 
dered to the Confederate Prison at Salisbury to 
supervise the reception of the first 120 prisoners. He 
was relieved of this command in January 1862, hav- 
ing been in Salisbury less than a month when the 
large increase in prisoners required a change in the 
military unit. He returned to Trinity and the young 


men in his company were assigned to other units. 
One who wrote of the Trinity Guards later was 
Daniel Branson Coltrane, who fought throughout the 
war in the 63rd Regiment, Cavalry. 

Men in the companies I, L and M fought in every 
battle in which the Army of Northern Virginia was 
involved except First Manassas. The other com- 
panies fought in a majority of the battles and were in 
critical positions in the lines. All of the companies 
had great losses by death, injury or disease as shown 
by those few left to sign the parole list at Appomatox. 
Some of the men were in northern prisons at that 
time. Also, there were deserters from these com- 
panies who returned home, went underground to the 
West, or crossed over to Union forces. Even with all 
these depletions, the units maintained strength until 
the last days of the war. 

Walter Clark, father of John W. Clark of Franklin- 
ville, who was called from the Hillsborough Military 
Academy at the age of 14 to help drill the troops for 
battle and who served later with men from Randolph, 
said of them, ". . .it will be seen that from the very 
beginning of the war to its close, wherever there were 
hardships to be endured, sufferings to be borne and 
hard fighting to be done there the county of Randolph 
was represented, and represented with honor, in the 
persons of her gallant sons." 

Women in the families of the men in the N. C. 
Troops made tents, clothes and hospital supplies of 
the goods made in the cotton mills. They made flags 
for the companies and sent them off with music and 
cheers. They welcomed them home with celebrations 
and encouragement until the last unhappy days of the 
war. On the homefront they endured shortages in 
food, clothing and fuel and inflated prices for every- 
thing. Added to the hardships was the fear of robbery 
by men from both sides who needed food. The dread 
of fires, murder and general destruction was always 
with them. Women were responsible for children, the 
elderly, the handicapped and the ill in addition to 
taking over the management of the home and farm. 

One result of the frantic efforts to round up 
deserters and recusant conscripts was an order 
signed by Governor Vance on August 24. 1864, offer- 
ing amnesty to all so classed who were not guilty of 
capital felonies provided that they would surrender 
within thirty days. All civil magistrates, militia or 
Home Guard officers who neglected their duties in 
arresting these men would have their own exemp- 
tions revoked. Also, all persons who aided the men 
would be arrested. Lt. Colonel Hargrave of Davidson 
County received orders at Oak Grove Church to ar- 
rest all persons who aided and abetted deserters and 
confine them to camp until their cases could be dis- 
posed of by a magistrate. A camp was set up in 
Asheboro near the headquarters of the army unit as- 
signed there. Family members were arrested imme- 
diately: wives, parents, children. 

Though the majority of the prisoners were treated 
with consideration in the crude camp thus set up. 

Oak Grove Methodist Episcopal Church where Lt. Colonel Hargrave re- 
ceived orders to arrest families of outliers. 

Bethel Methodist Protestant Church ground where Confederate troops 
camped in April 1865. 

The table holds minie balls, cannon balls and other relics of the encamp- 
ment at Bethel Church (Red Cross). 


From Riley Hill to Jonathan Worth: 

Dec. 2nd 1862. 

I have bin looking for a letter from you on what 
we have bin talking about, But have not reed, a 
word, now Sir I want you to have my son Samuel 
W. Hill Detailed as Miller. He was our Miller at 
the time of the Draft and had bin for some time. 
When he was taken under the draft we got another, 
kept him but a short time and He was taken as a 
conscript. So we have bin dragging along ever since 
with no particular Miller and a great deal of grind- 
ing to do. I have 3 sons in the army and have had 
ever since the draft. I do not think that my Miller 
ought to be discharged. I see Men almost every day 
detailed, some for one thing and some for another. 
But none in my judgement of as much importance 
as a public Miller. Now sir if you will exert every 
nerve to get him discharged, I will pay you for all 
the trouble you may be at and if you should suc- 
ceed I will pay you an additional fee and if there 
can be nothing done I want you to let me know it as 
soon as possible, do all you can for me and as soon 
as you can. 

(Another letter on same sheet) From Jason C. 

Mr. J. Worth Dear Sir, I am happy to learn that 
Randolph is not dead but sleepeth. I see that both 
Door Keepers were selected from our county and 
that your self has bin elected public treasurer, if 
this be so I think we shall have a long funeral 
procession for some will certainly die on the ac- 
count of it. I hope it is so, do have our Capts. Dis- 
tricts put Back as they once were and that will give 
one half of the officers to the army and quiet to the 
people do all you can for us, give my respects to 
Mr. Robbins - write to me soon. 

From Worth. Jonathan. Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 
North Carolina Historical Commission, 1909. v. I, p. 204-205. 

some military officers used the order as an excuse to 
abuse people who were helpless and to seize prop- 
erty unnecessarily, even from those who were of no 
relation to any outliers. Civil officials who tried to 
prosecute those guilty of the abuses were informed 
that they were acting under orders from the gover- 
nor. Governor Vance when informed of the twin re- 
sults of his order: some success in rounding up 
deserters and ill treatment of the women, children 
and elderly, rescinded the order. The authority to 
arrest those aiding deserters was revoked on Sep- 
tember 27, 1864, by the Adjutant General. 

The five cotton mills on Deep River operated dur- 
ing the war years making cotton goods for the Con- 
federacy. Employment was thus provided for the 
operatives but all was not roses. Management found 
it difficult to get supplies, to replace machinery or to 
keep it in repair, to make shipments, to ward off 
speculators, to receive payment from the Confeder- 
acy, especially in the last years of the war when cur- 
rency depreciated to the point that it was worthless. 
The Cedar Falls Mill provided a larger amount of 
cloth for shirts and underwear than any other mill in 
the state. The mills bartered part of their yarn and 
were able to sell some of their products to individuals 
since the state did not demand all of the goods. 

In one year the thirty-nine cotton mills in North 
Carolina, all of them less than thirty years old, geared 
up well enough to produce goods the state needed for 
war and supply some of the other states. North 
Carolina was the only Confederate state which 
clothed its soldiers instead of depending on Confed- 
erate quartermasters and it was the only state whose 
men were not in rags at the end of the war. 

Levi Cox was a Friends minister who owned a mill on Mill Creek during 
the Civil War. He was exempted from military service as a miller, hut he 
left the mill for 32 days to help wiuows and others who could not harvest 
their crops. His life was threatened for leaving the mill. 

Confederate Veterans in Ramseur. ca. 1915. L to R, Captain Y.M.C. 
Johnson, John Tyler Turner, Daniel Burgess, Aubrey Covington, Robert 
Tate Mclntyre, Murphy Burns. 


Iron ore was mined on Iron Mountain in Grant 
Township and taken to Franklinsville to be converted 
at the smelter which was located where Bush Creek 
flows into Deep River. During the war men who 
worked at the mine or at the smelter were exempt 
from military duty because iron was on the list of 
critical materials needed for the army. 

Salt was another substance necessary to both the 
army and civilians, especially because one of its uses 
was to preserve meats, fish and other foods which 
the army had to transport. Salt had been imported 
before the war but the Federal blockade of all North 
Carolina ports except Wilmington had allowed very 
little salt to come in. Salt works were set up by indi- 
viduals along the southeastern coast but the largest 
one, covering 220 acres, was established by the state 
on Myrtle Grove Sound. In December 1861 John Mil- 
ton Worth was appointed first State Salt Commis- 
sioner and a salt commissioner was designated for 
each county. Jonathan Worth served at first in this 
capacity in Randolph. His son, David G. Worth, suc- 
ceeded J. M. Worth as State Salt Commissioner in 
July 1863 and held that position until December 1864. 

Those who worked in the salt works were exempt 
from combat duty. Several pro-Unionists from Ran- 
dolph chose this service rather than to fight. The 
Confederate officer in charge of the Wilmington area, 
General W. H. C. Whiting, was never convinced that 
the exempted men at the salt works were not sending 
messages to the Federal troops. The Worths denied 
that this could be happening. The number of men 
stationed there varied, but in September 1862 the re- 
ported number was 200, one-third of whom were 

The work was not easy or safe, however, for a 
yellow fever epidemic in 1862 struck Wilmington and 
caused many deaths. Much of the work was in the 
swamps where malaria was almost inescapable. 
Also, the operation was in the path of the military 
activity around Ft. Fisher. 

Water for the salt extractions was taken from the 
sound and boiled in huge boilers fired by wood 
brought by wagon or by boat. A bushel of salt could 
be collected from sixty gallons of water. A year after 
J. M. Worth accepted the state post he wrote his 
brother that he had been able to deliver twenty-one 
thousand bushels of salt to seventy-five counties at 
an average price of $3.50 a bushel. By 1865 salt was 
$70 a bushel. 

In spite of controversies and difficulties of all 
kinds, the State Salt Works managed to stay in opera- 
tion until destroyed by fire during the first Battle of 
Fort Fisher. December 24, 1864. Workers at the 
works were assigned to army units for the remainder 
of the war unless they found ways to be exempted or 
to escape. 

Wars are fought on battlefields but government is 
also deeply involved in providing funds for the sup- 
port of the armies. As State Treasurer from Novem- 

ber 1862 until October 1865 Jonathan Worth had the 
responsibility of managing all state funds. Needless 
to say, these were not normal times, but through the 
three years he used his knowledge of business to 
keep the state's financial status in the best condition 
possible. At the end of the war North Carolina's 
treasury was bare, but its general condition was not 
hopeless. Worth had managed to salvage enough 
materials and sell them for the amount needed to 
support the state government for the year 1865. He 
supervised the state financial affairs as carefully as if 
they were his own and his integrity was never ques- 

By the spring of 1865 everyone was exhausted by 
the long and painful war which had brought hardship 
to many. 

Rocks known as the Gollihorn Rocks, typical of the rocks which provided 
hiding places for the outliers. 

Tombstone at J.J. Vanderford's grave. Confederate soldier who was killed 
by outliers. 




(Letter from J. M. Worth in Ashehoro to 

Jonathan Worth, dated February 16, 1865) 

There is no spot upon this earth more com- 
pletely subjugated than Randolph County. There 
is not a day or night passes but what some one is 
robbed of all the parties can carry away. There are 
in bands in nearly all parts of the County unless it 
is stopped we shall be utterly used up. My object in 
writing is to suggest whether some arrangement 
cannot be made with the military authorities to 
offer the better class of the deserters some terms if 
they will organize and drive the robbers from the 
country or exterminate them. In a late call for the 
Home Guards many failed to appear and what did 
come up disbanded immediately on finding that 
Genl Gatlin declined to furnish rations for them. I 
am fearful that they will not come up for reorgani- 
zation. Many of them are afraid and many more 
are in heart with the deserters. I do hope that 
something may be done. It is a horrible condition 
. . . I have studied the matter in all its views and I 
know that nothing but a larger force than we can 
get or some terms with the Home Guard and the 
better class of deserters will save us from utter 
ruin . . . I hope you may have time to talk to 
somebody - the Gov. and Genl Gatlin and perhaps 
Genl Holmes . . . 

(Reply from Jonathan Worth, February 20, 1865) 

I have had a full conference with the Govr. on 
the subject of your letter. 

He says he will excuse the home-guard of Ran- 
dolph from going into the field, on account of the 
defenceless condition of the County against the 
robbers and deserters, provided they will immedi- 
ately reorganize - and all efficient officers go to 
work with determined resolution to suppress the 

He will authorise any person you may design to 
form a company of the better class of deserters to 
drive the robbers from the country or to extermi- 
nate them as you suggest. 

You are the best judge of the plan to be adopted 
- but it seems to me there will be no reliance on 
any deserters - and that the home guard will be- 
come efficient on the terms of being excused from 
the field . . . 

Communicate freely with me and I will give you 
every assistance in my power to aid your object - 
but I cannot approve the committing of a murder 
even on a felon, unless it be done while he is in the 
act of committing a felony. 

(and a second letter on March 1 , 1865) 

You describe the deserters in Randolph under 
two classes - the one concealing themselves and 
thus avoiding the field, from the want of courage 
or religious scruples. This class you say do no mis- 
chief and would do no good or would escape to the 
enemy if captured and sent to the army: - the other 
class consisting of lawless desperadoes who rob 
promiscuously and occasionally commit murder 
and other outrages to justify malignant feeling or 
get money. 

The former class know much of the hiding 
places and plans of the latter, and could furnish 
information by which these lawless bandits could 
be captured, and this information you think they 
would impart if they had some assurance that 
their disertion would be winked at by the au- 
thorities. - 

You say that these lawless men, when captured 
and turned over to the Civil or Military author- 
ities, are not punished, but generally are allowed 
to escape and return with increased malignity, and 
you therefore think that self preservation requires 
that they be summarily executed, whenever cap- 
tured without form of trial. 

You say that many of the Home Guard were rob- 
bed when they were out of the county in service - 
and that consequently when they were last called 
out many of them refused to respond to the call, 
and those who assembled, for want of rations and 
because their comrades did infest them, returned 
home . . . 

Another suggestion you make is that the enroll- 
ing officers be of age and discretion and sober 
habits - and not a boy, - be sent to the County, 
conniving at the class of such. 

You think if these suggestions of yours can be 
carried out that order can be restored in the 

I have recited your suggestions because I propose 
to submit this letter to the Govr. and perhaps to 
Genl. Holmes with the hope of getting them to en- 
dorse their approval of such of them as they may 
think deserving it . . . 

(and a second letter from J. M. Worth 
on March 9, 1865) 

I want to urge with all my power I can that Gov. 
Vance send a man as promised to take charge of 
what I have been calling the better class of 
deserters. If he does not do it we are gone. The 
army that is here cannot submit. The County is 
full of all sorts of folks moving from Sherman and 
we are being swallowed up . . . I have no time to 
write more. 


Jonathan Worth home in Asheboro in 1888. The house burned ca. 1890. 

Methodist Chaplains Randolph County 

Letter from the Army 

Johnson's Brigade 
Camp 12th N.C.T. 
Hanover Junction, Mar 24, 

Dear Brother: 

For some time, I have intended to drop you a 
line, in acknowledging the receipt of a bundle of 
your paper, which regularly makes its weekly visits 
to my Regiment. 

It is a very welcome comer, and I take pleasure 
in distributing it among the soldiers who are al- 
ways glad to receive it, especially those of your 
church. For your paper is the only public represen- 
tative that your church has in this Brigade. The 
5th Regiment has an Episcopalian Chaplain: 12th 
Methodist; 20th Luthern; and the 23 has a Baptist 
Missionary at this time. 

Your missionaries have not paid us a visit; we 
would be glad if they would call by and give us a 
lift; and truly are we needing it now, as we have the 
use of a large church and have been holding meet- 
ings for a week, night and day. The Chaplains of 
the Brigade are jointly working together in the 
"unity of the spirit and in the bonds of peace," for 
the salvation of souls of the men, except the Chap- 
lain of the 5th, who is absent. 

There is quite an interest in the Brigade on the 
subject of religion; a goodly number have profes- 
sed conversion and the good work goes on. 

We are now having a cold snap of weather, but 
shall continue our meeting if the Lord blesses us 
with His Presence still, but there is nothing cer- 
tain in war. It is wisdom to prepare to stay a 
lifetime at one place, and be ready to leave it on a 
minutes notice. 

Truly yours 

J(effrey) H. Robbins 

Chap 12th, N.C.T. 

From: The North Carolina Presbyterian, Fayetteville, April 13, 

From S. G. Worth to Jonathan Worth: 
Wilmington, N.C. Deer. 25th 1862. 

Enclosed I send to you for collection a draft on 
Dr, Isaac W. Hughes for $330.00. If you can get a 
check on Wilmington I would prefer that to a 
check on any other place as I can use it more eas- 
ily. I wish you if you please, to call upon Govr. 
Vance and ask him if he will give me a Captaincy 
in the Quarter Master's Dept. at Raleigh and if so 
when he will make the appointment. He promised 
Colton to give me the place when the State troops 
were organized. 

Pa* started home this morning. He has not been 
home since the fever abated until now. Genl. Whit- 
ing sent for Pa a few days ago - and when I got to 
the Genl's. office the following dialogue took place 
- to-wit. 

Genl. W. I understand you have too many men at 
your works, and have also learned that you are on 
that account making the salt cost the State more 
than any salt that is made hereabouts. 

Pa. If any one has told you that I have too many 
hands and that my salt costs more than that made 
by private parties they told you a d-lie. 

They eyed each other for a few moments in si- 
lence, when the Genl. without another word told 
his Adj. Genl. to countermand an order he had 
made taking away 150 of Pa's men and to appoint a 
Board to examine and report. They will report 
to-day that he has none too many. Salt is selling at 
14 to 15 per bu. now. Two vessels ready to unload 
now with good stony Salt and Iron. Small Pox is in 
town but to what extent is not known. 

I dislike to ask you to do so many things for me 
knowing that your time is fully occupied but I will 
try not to trouble you again and shall remember 
very gratefully whatever you may do for me. 

From Worth, Jonathan. Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. 
North Carolina Historical Commission, v. 1. p. 216-217. 
*Pa is Dr. John Milton Worth 

S. G. Worth was Shubal G. Worth, son of John 
Milton Worth, and father of Hal M. Worth. He was 
Captain of Company I of the 22nd Regiment of the 
North Carolina Troops and died near Richmond, 
May 11, 1864, after being wounded by a sharpshoo- 


Moss painting by Elvira Worth Moffitt about 1860. 

Asheboro, N.C. 
Dec. 25th 1864 

My Dear Brother 

I have not received but one letter from you in 
Some time that was dated Oct 20th. I hope you will 
not think hard of me for not writing sooner for I 
heard that you was on your way home. I was so 
much pleased with the news that I never thought of 
writing but as I see that it is allfauls I will write. I 
have been looking with great anxiety for your re- 
turn but it is all in vain. This leaves me well. I 
heard from Emma yesterday. She was well. I am 
sorry to tell you that Brother Green was buried 
last Tuesday. He came home three weeks ago. He 
never walked a step after he got home. Emma is 
still at Mr. Hills Me and Mrs. Gibson is still at the 
old place. I have written you all about the affairs 
but whether you have heard it or not I can't tell. I 
have written you a great many letters. If you don't 
get them it is not my fault. I don't want you to 
think that I don't write often. Today is the stillist 
Christmas that I ever seen. I am by myself and it 
seems like along there is no fun to be seen about 
here now. I was at a quilting three weeks ago at Mr. 
B.F. Steeds. Miss Loo was there. Mr. B. F. Steed 
sends his kindest regards to you and a great many 
more of your Friends. The(y) are all anxious for 
your release and some of the Laides in particular 
. . . I want you to bring me a shawl if you can 
when you come home. I will close by saying write 
soon and often and I will do the same. 

Your affectionate Sister 

Nancy J. Hancock 

Letter received by J. M. Hancock while he was a prisoner of war 
during the Civil War from his sister. 


(Letter to J. J. Jackson from Jonathan Worth. 

dated April 25. 1864) 

The Yankees made a raid a few days ago on the 
State Salt Works - burnt up the tools and houses - 
damaged the steam engine and carried off 47 of the 
hands. David writes that they were forced off. 
Rumors that they went willingly he says, are with- 
out color or foundation. They fired on those who 

Elvira Worth Moffitt, 1836-1928, daughter of Jonathan Worth, was 
keenly interested in the preservation of Randolph County history. 


(Letter from Jonathan Worth to Jessie Walker 
dated September 14. 1865) 

I reed and filed with my recommendations en- 
dorsed yr application for the appointment of New- 
ton Newlin as P. M. at New Market. 

I am sorry to learn that my old friends in Ran- 
dolph have gone off half-cocked on the State debt. 
Many of them, no doubt, thought they were follow- 
ing the lead of the Standard. It now occupies 
exactly my position - that the Convention take no 
action on the subject. The State can pay nothing, - 
not a coupon, - under the most favorable view, for 
more than a year from this date. Why hurry to a 
conclusion. The best informed among yon have not 
the knowledge of the subject necessary to conduct 
you to a judicious conclusion. If you repudiate the 
whole war debt, you break every Bank in the State, 
you destroy the University and the common 
school, which own about 114 of the stock in these 
Banks, -you beggar nearly a thousand widows and 
orphans whose all is invested in the Banks and 
State bonds - and as to orphans, so invested by a 
law passed long before the war - and you blot out 
of our constellation its brightest star - Honesty. 
You encourage Dishonesty by State example. 

The old maxim - "Honesty is the best policy" is 
true now as it always has been and always will be. 

The whole of this war debt is due to our own 
citizens. If the State pays none of it every body who 
holds a note on any Bank of this State -a N.C. 
Treasury note or N.C. bond loses in the ratio that 
the State gains. What the State gains her citizens 
lose. It is just as politic to make those who have 
confided in the honor of the State, lose all, or 
should all the tax-payers bear their share of our 
folly? . . . The war debt ought to be scaled. 

(All letters to and from Jonathan Worth are from Worth, 

Jonathan. Correspondence. 2 v. 

Published by the North Carolina Historical Commission. 1909 


RECONSTRUCTION Major battles may not have 
1865-1875 taken place in the county, 

but the frequent skirmishes between pro-Confederate 
and pro-Union sympathizers left much of the county 
devastated. One significant battle would probably 
have done less damage. Once everyone was home, the 
task for all was to find ways to make do with the few 
necessities at hand and start life again. The economy 
was in shambles. 

Reconstruction would have been easier for the cot- 
ton mills if they had been left with funds to replace 
worn machinery. Even so, out of the thirty-three still 
in active use in the state, five were in Randolph 

Priority on farms was given to restoring land in 
order to grow food, to inventorying supplies, to 
building up a supply of seeds, to securing live stock, 
to repairing homes and establishing markets. 

As soon as the fighting stopped, members of the 
Society of Friends in Baltimore, Maryland, formed 
an Association to assist Friends in the South. They 
solicited funds from Quakers world-wide. The largest 
donors by far were the London and Irish Quakers. 
They sent food, clothing and necessities, such as 
needles and thread, seeds and paper, but better still 
these Friends helped restore meeting houses, schools 
and homes. 

Their greatest contributions were in setting up 
eight annual teacher-training institutes and in pur- 
chasing in 1867 the old Nathan Hunt farm in the 
Springfield Community on the northwest border of 
Randolph County as an experimental farm. Here 
they maintained livestock, practiced the latest 
methods of agriculture and held classes for farmers to 
help them get started again. Innovations were the 
extended use of clover, selected seeds, a bonemill 
and experiments in drainage. The influence of the 
agricultural methods employed at the farm was felt 
within a circle reaching fifty miles from Springfield. 
The assistance of the Baltimore Association to the 
local Friends meetings at a time when they were in 
great distress gave the meetings the support they 
needed and halted the migration to the West. Leaders 
of the Baltimore Friends Association were Francis T. 
King, Joseph Moore and Allen Jay. The Association 
discontinued its aid in 1883. 

Baltimore Friends helped restore the private 
schools maintained by the Friends meetings, but 
these schools were also open to other children in the 
neighborhood. Actually, records show that more 
non-Friends children were enrolled. These schools 
were almost alone in providing schooling for white 
children for the immediate period after 1865. Mary 
Alves Long in her book. High Time To Tell It, relates 
that her attendance at one of these schools near her 
home was a happy event for her, because it was her 
first school experience. 

(Letter to A. U. Tomlinson, May 15, 1867) 

Yours of the 10th Inst, was received yesterday 
evening's mail. 

Finding it impossible to attenc. to the proper dis- 
pensation of the donations committed to my 
charge for the use of the indigent of this State, I 
obtained the consent of D. M. Barringer and the 
ministers of the four principal churches in this 
city, to take the labor off my hands. All that has 
been committed to my charge, they have control 
over. I will turn your letter over to them. 

In obedience to a resolution of the Genl. Assem- 
bly last winter, I sent a circular to the Chairman of 
the Warden Court of every County in the State, 
asking for information as to the extent of destitu- 
tion which the County could not relieve. A number 
reported that they needed no aid. Some 20 counties 
asked for more or less help; and to these has been 
sent what was committed to my charge. Much the 
larger number (including Randolph) made no re- 
port. It was presumed that the Counties making no 
report needed no assistance. Hence Randolph, as 
you say, "has been overlooked." Nothing can be 
more embarrassing than the distribution of a 
bounty, inadequate to the wants of all, throughout 
the State. There has been neither carelessness nor 
improper discrimination in the distribution of this 
bounty - but for want of proper information . . . If 
Randolph has been overlooked it must be attri- 
buted to the failure of the authorities to report its 
needs . . . 

(All letters to and from Jonathan Worth are from Worth, Jonathan. 
Correspondence. 2 v. Published by the North Carolina Histori- 
cal Commission, 1909. 

1 .1 I ■: -I .1 ■ 


. VI . 

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United States Coast Survey Map of 1865. showing Randolph County area. 


Next on the list of priorities was the reopening of 
the public schools which had been closed or curtailed 
because of the war. Even though most of the schools 
limped through the war years, not a public school in 
the county (or in the state according to Governor 
Vance) was open during the two years of 1865-1867 
because of the effects of Reconstruction. With no 
funds on hand the state had passed responsibility for 
schools on to the counties where some districts were 
able to carry on after 1867 and others were not. 

Following the adoption of the Constitution of 1868. 
which contained a strong statement on education, 
the General Assembly passed the Public School Law 
of 1869. The law was progressive, but resources of 
state and local governments did not make its im- 
plementation possible. It provided for schools for 
both races; divided counties into districts for con- 
venience; and authorized levies by county commis- 
sioners of a tax for a four-months" term. The state 
approved an appropriation of $100,000 to compen- 
sate in a small way for the loss of the Literary Fund, 
but appropriated only a fraction of the amount. The 
great needs of the schools including repairs to school 
buildings, lack of teacher-training, poor access roads 
and lack of books and supplies were slowly eased, 
but it would be ten years before substantial progress 
would be made. The action of the General Assembly 
in 1877 making levying of a county tax for education 
compulsory instead of permissive was the first step in 
assuring that schools would be in operation. 

Churches as well as schools had a difficult time 
during these years. The churches established by 1860 
were struggling to continue and few people were 
courageous enough to start new churches. By 1875, 
however, at least two Baptist, two Christian, one 
Wesleyan Methodist, four Methodist Episcopal (two 
of them by Negroes) and three Methodist Protestant 
churches had been established. Poor roads hampered 
church attendance, unheated buildings made winter- 
time use limited, and the scarcity of ministers made 
full-time services impossible. Some ministers were 
assigned eight or ten churches several miles apart. 
They lived in a center where they could secure addi- 
tional employment if possible. Stephen B. Weeks, in 
Southern Quakers and Slavery, quotes an English 
Quaker's comments on conditions in Randolph 
County in 1875. Stanley Pumphrey reported that of 
the ten Friends meeting houses only two were credit- 

Randolph was not one of the 18 counties listed in 
the reports from the Wardens of the Poor providing 
information to Governor Worth in 1867 on destitution 
and suffering. The Wardens reported on both white 
and black persons who were in great need of help. 
People from Philadelphia and Maryland sent boat- 
loads of corn to be distributed to those suffering from 
hunger. The nearby counties of Chatham, Guilford 
and Montgomery were listed in these reports. 

Some of the ex-slaves left the county, but many of 
them stayed. They worked at occupations they knew 



Company I: 

Captain G.V. Lamb 
Sergeant T.J. Wood 
Sergeant W.R. Allred 
Corporal N.E. Lamb 
Private John Heilig 

Private A.L. McLaurin 
Private J.W. Heath 
Private R.R. Thompson 
Private A.J. Winningham 
Private M. Burns 

Company L: 

Captain Y.M.C. Johnson 
First Lieut. C.H. Welborn 
Sergeant CM. Vestal 
Corporal Allen Scott 

Private J. Creasman 
Private W.M. Pike 
Private J.M. Thomas 
Private C.C. Jones 

Company M: 
"Randolph Hornets" 

Captain C.F. Siler 
Private L.D. Sloat 
Private A.J. Parker 
Private David Wright 

Private J. Foust 
Private Joseph York 
Private J.L. York 
Private W. Allridge 


Company G: 

Captain R.P. Troy 
Sergeant J.C. Davis 
Sergeant T.A. Futrell 
Corporal J.F. Cavaniss 
Private J.G. Varner 
Private W.M. Williams 
Private W.J. Cavaniss 

Private W.L. Brower 
Private L. Furgerson 
Private Sion Hill 
Private John Hicks 
Private A.M. Ingold 
Private J. A. Leach 

Private E. Thompson 

Company B: 
First Lieut. W.D. Kyle Private A. Hancock 

Corporal A.J. Goins Private W.H.H. Lamb 

Private R. Aldred 


Private L.D. Gordon 

Sergeant T.H. Dougan 
Sergeant M.H. Moffitt 
Private George Cagle 
Private G.W. Cox 
Company Sergeant 
Allen Richardson 

Private J.M. Kenney 
Private Gideon Macon 
Private Daniel Rich 
Private J.H. Elberson 

Private Zimri Williams 


or continued to work for the families with whom they 
had lived. Adjustments to emancipation were easier 
in this county than in those counties where large 
numbers of slaves had been congregated on planta- 
tions. Ex-slaves were now able to go to the Court 
House and register marriages which had not been 
recognized legally before the war. Descendants of 
these families and of the free blacks then living in 
Randolph live in the county today. 

Northern philanthropic and religious societies sent 
teachers and school supplies to the state to assist 
with opening schools for Negro youth and adults who 
wished to learn to read and write. Friends Schools 
reopened by the Baltimore Friends Association early 
after the war did admit a few black students, but by 
1870 the law required separate schools. 

The state set up schools in separate districts for 
Negro children. The state also provided a school at 
Fayetteville for training teachers of children in these 
new districts. 

Several churches were started by Negroes during 
this period, some of which were separate churches of 
the older denominations, especially Methodist Epis- 
copal and Congregational, and others were of new 
denominations, such as African Methodist Epis- 
copal, African Methodist Episcopal Zion and others. 
White leaders assisted with the organization of the 
churches and Sunday Schools, helping with locating 
buildings and supplying materials. 

It was primarily, however, to their own people 
who were capable of leadership to whom Negroes 
turned as the years rolled by. None of the groups 
anywhere in the county was large, for the population 
was scattered. They worked together to provide 
facilities and programs for themselves. 

The sad, difficult years of 1865-1868 were the years 
of Jonathan Worth's terms as Governor. He was 
elected in November 1865 and reelected in 1866, but 
the office was made provisional in 1867 by the Re- 
construction Act passed by Congress. He served 
until July 1, 1868, when he was ousted by the Repub- 
lican victor (W. W. Holden) acting under Federal 
approval instead of being allowed to complete his 
term which would have ended in December. Worth 
was the last Whig governor. 

It was a time of turmoil, for there were many 
changes in political, social and economic conditions. 
Worth's letters of the period include his constant 
pleas for the application of common sense to the 
problems of the day. but common sense was not the 
accepted approach. His well-known pro-Union stand 
before the war helped him in his relations with the 
Federal Government, but few of the civil and military 
officials sent to North Carolina were of the caliber to 
understand the man with whom they were dealing. 

Many of the state's leaders were disfranchised be- 
cause of their service in the Confederacy and could 
not qualify for office. There was much opposition to 

the proposed new state constitution which had to be 
ratified, or one acceptable to Congress, before the 
state could be readmitted to the union. Old rivalries 
between Whigs and Democrats which had existed for 
many years deepened and grew more bitter; while at 
the same time, a new party was emerging, the Repub- 
lican, born in the election of 1860. Under the military 
government the courts could not be very effective, 
and were more or less constrained. The end of this 
period was to be welcomed with relief. North 
Carolina was admitted to the union on July 20. 1868. 
Turmoil did not end, however, until after the election 
of 1876. 

A NEW ERA After the depressing period imme- 
1875-1900 diately following the war there 

came a period of improvement which brought hope to 
a weary people. The state saw the end of political and 
military occupation in 1876, leaving the government 
free of the complications which Reconstruction had 
brought. Zebulon B. Vance, who was a popular lead- 
er, was elected governor in that year and started the 
state on a period of expansion and development. 

Ten years after the war people in Randolph County 
whether engaged in industry or agriculture could see 
changes for the better. Production on the farms was 
restored to pre-war conditions or better; the five cot- 
ton mills started before 1860 found markets for their 
products and expanded; and new mills were added 
along Deep River. The county was blessed with 
timber which could be sold as lumber or made into 
items for sale. The new product added was tobacco, 
the use of which had been greatly stimulated by the 
war. Plants were set up in Winston and Durham for 
manufacturing tobacco into cigars, chewing tobacco 
and cigarettes, making the growing of tobacco finan- 
cially rewarding to farmers. 

Professor W. H. Pegram of Trinity College re- 
ported in 1884 that during the previous year Zach 
Groom of Rockingham County had moved to Trinity 
in order for his sons to enroll as students at the col- 
lege. He brought with him the first North Carolina 
Bright Tobacco and found several farmers in the sur- 
rounding area who would experiment with him in the 
production of this new plant. They planted 200,000 
plants and found that the soil of this county was 
highly suitable for growing tobacco. 

Manufacturing during this period was located in 
the seven towns along Deep River, and even though 
the mills were producing similar products, each town 
has its own history. 

RANDLEMAN The first new mill to be estab- 
lished after the war was com- 
pleted in 1880 by the Naomi Falls Manufacturing 
Company organized by John H. Ferree, J. O. Pic- 
kard, Logan Weaver, Amos Gregson and J. E. 
Walker in 1879. Other stockholders were Addison W. 
Vickory. Alfred M. Diffee, W. A. Woollen, Emsley 
P. Myrick, John Clapp and Joseph A. Myrick. The 
mill was dedicated on February 24, 1880, by Braxton 


Craven, President of Trinity College, the only in- 
stance known of a dedication of a mill at that time. In 
his speech he paid tribute to the men who had made 
the opening of the mill possible. Added to the list of 
stockholders in 1882 were J. E. Randleman, Thomas 
C. Worth. W. H. Ragan and C. C. Randleman. 

In 1884 Naomi Mill made 5.000 yards of plaids, 
checks and stripes daily, plus 600 seamless bags and 
1,000 pounds of warps. The mill had 5,500 spindles, 
150 plaid looms and 12 bag looms. 

Randleman was incorporated in 1880 at which time 
the name was officially changed from Union Factory 
to Randleman in memory of John B. Randleman 
whose name had already been given to the cotton 
mill. It was incorporated as the "City of Randle- 
man," rather than as "Town." The first commis- 
sioners were John H. Ferree, James E. Walker, 
James O. Pickard, R. R. Ross and Addison W. Vic- 

Mr. Randleman and Mr. Ferree had moved to 
Union Factory in 1868, purchased the mill and added 
new buildings for its operation. In 1884 it produced 
12.000 yards of plaid daily and employed 375 opera- 
tives at a monthly average wage of $12.63. There 
were 4,500 spindles and 300 looms. The Randleman 
Mill burned in 1885 but was rebuilt immediately. 

St. Paul's Methodist Episcopal Church in Randleman was established in 
1855. Their 1879 building of brick was decorated by Reuben Rink of Ker- 
nersville. The church building is now the North Randolph Historical Soci- 
ety Museum. 

Three mills built away from the river depended on 
boilers which used wood to make steam until after 
1889 when the railroad hauled in coal. In 1886 the 
Powhatan Mill was established on Main Street by O. 
R. Cox, J. E. Walker and others. The mill used steam 
for power. It was purchased in 1894 by Hal M. Worth 
and James S. McAlister and renamed Engleworth 
Cotton Mills. 

Plaidville Mills was built not far from St. Paul's 
Church and also used steam for power. Stockholders 
included John H. Ferree, who owned the controlling 
stock; S. G. Newlin and J. O. Pickard. The mills 
produced plaids and other cotton goods. 


John Banner Randleman home. 


..-. .• 

John H. Ferree home. 

Family scene at Robert P. Dicks home in Randleman, 1898. Nancy Col- 
trane Dicks, widow of James Dicks, is oldest person present at age 82. 


Walker-Bryant-Story home. 


The same men who organized Plaidville Mills built 
the Mary Antoinette Mills in 1895 and named it for 
Mr. Ferree's daughters. It was located near the 
Plaidville Mills. 

The first hosiery mill in the county was organized 
in Randleman in 1893 by L. A. Spencer, A. N. Bulla 
and S. G. Newlin. It was also dependent on steam for 
energy because it was located in the center of town. 
Production annually was some 30,000 dozen pairs of 
ribbed cotton stockings for women and children. 

City officials in 1884 were Thomas C. Worth, 
Mayor; A. A. Steed, W. W. Redding. J. N. Caudle, 
W. P. Brooks and J. H. Ferree, Commissioners. J. A. 
Myrick was Secretary and K. D. Hanner, Treasurer. 
W. B. Aired was Constable. 


Plaidville Mills, Randleman. 

a v- z> 

Mary Antoinette Mills, named for John H. Ferree's daughters. 
Randleman Chair Company. 

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Employees of a cotton mill pose for the photographer. 

The depot was important to Randleman for many years. 

A cotton knitting machine designed for home use, but used in a small plant 
at Millboro ca. 1890. 


The first record of a band (1889) in the state orga- 
nized by a mill was the one started by the Randleman 
Mills. At first the mills bought the instruments and 
paid a band teacher, but later the players helped to 
pay the teacher's salary and purchased their own in- 
struments. This band gave concerts and played for 
special occasions not only in Randleman but in other 

The Randleman Store Company was the first store 
in the town. It was a general store carrying all kinds 
of merchandise, owned after 1881 by two brothers, 
N. N. Newlin and J. N. Newlin. Twelve other stores 
of various sizes were open for business in town in- 
cluding Naomi Falls store. The others were owned 
by individuals. 

In 1900 Randleman was a flourishing community 
with the largest population of any town in the county. 
In 1890 the population was 1,754; in 1900, 2,190. Five 
cotton mills and one hosiery mill provided employ- 
ment for some 750 persons living in the area. The 
post office had been established in 1881. 

The depot agent was E. A. Wiles. There were two 
hotels: Ingold Hotel and Walker House, and a board- 
ing house operated by C. M. Vestal. There were four 
physicians: W. A. Fox, L. L. Sapp, J. O. Walker and 
W. A. Woollen. 

Housing was provided in mill villages for workers 
in the Naomi Falls and Powhatan Mills; the other 
homes were situated throughout the Randleman area. 

Churches in Randleman in 1900 were the Mt. 
Lebanon Methodist Protestant; the St. John's (Rand- 
leman) Christian; the St. Paul's Methodist Episcopal; 
the Naomi Falls Methodist Episcopal and the Rand- 
leman Baptist Churches. Nearby was Old Union 
Methodist Episcopal. 

The railroad was the lifeline of the community, for 
roads were impassable much of the time. The mills 
were dependent on the railroad for shipments and 
passengers used the trains for trips to and from High 
Point and Greensboro for business and pleasure. 

In 1897 the City officials were J. H. Wilson, 
Mayor; S. G. Newlin, W. G. Glass, J. M. Pugh, W. 
H. Lawrence and J. W. Parson, Commissioners; and 
J. T. Millikan, Clerk. 

COLERIDGE Down the river some twenty miles 
other men invested in a cotton mill 
to be located at Foust's Mill and named it Enterprise. 
E. A. Moffit, James A. Cole and Daniel Lambert 
organized the Enterprise Manufacturing Company in 
1880 and the mill started operations in 1882. The post 
office established in 1886 was first named Cole's 
Ridge, then Coleridge. 

The mill employed some 50 employees to make 
cotton materials known as Pocahontas and Battle 
Axe yarns and twines. The mill was successful and 
the community thrived. Also on the same mill race 
were a wool carding mill, saw mill, flour mill and 
cotton gin. These industries furnished employment 
for the families in the sparsely settled southeastern 
section of the county. 

Enterprise Manufacturing Company main building. 

Construction of the dam at Coleridge in 1880 was accomplished almost 
entirely by hand tools. 

The John M. Caveness store in Coleridge. 

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The Robert L. Caveness home in Coleridge, now the home of the Lynn 
Albright family. 

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The John M. Caveness home, Coleridge. 

Coleridge School. 
Coleridge Hotel. 

Concord Methodist Church, an early building. 

WORTHVILLE In 1880 Dr. John Milton Worth, 
John H. Ferree, T. C. Worth and 
A. C. McAlister invested equal shares (one hundred 
and fifty each) and organized a company for the pur- 
pose of constructing a cotton mill at "Hopper's 
Foard" on Deep River below Randleman. The mill 
was in operation by 1881 and the name of the village 
created by the new industry was changed to Worth- 
ville by 1882 when the post office was established. 
The village soon took on characteristics of a town 
with stores and churches. By 1890 it had a population 
of 328 and was incorporated in 1895. 

In 1884 the mill had 5,000 spindles, 40 sheeting 
looms and 12 bag looms. It produced daily 2,500 
yards of sheeting, 600 pounds of warps and 600 seam- 
less bags. There were 125 employees who received 
an average of $13 a month. 

The Worth Manufacturing Company built a church 
for the use of all denominations. In 1882 the Baptist 
and the Methodist Episcopal churches were orga- 
nized. A Presbyterian group met in Worth ville from 
1884 to 1928 under the care of the Asheborough 
Church. A Union Sunday School was held for years 
with a membership of approximately one hundred. 

The second night school in the state was organized 
at Worth ville in 1883 at the request of villagers. It 
was primarily for those who could already read and 
wished to learn more. A local person was the teacher 
who may have been paid wholly or in part by the mill 
management. Regular classes were held for several 
years and spasmodically after that. 

In 1897 the town officials of Worthville were: Hal 
M. Worth, Mayor; A. W. Jenkins, J. S. McAlister 
and N. T. Grace, Commissioners. The population in 
1900 was 467. 

Some of the homes for workers in Worthville. 

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Worth Manufacturing Company No. 1 at Worthville, showing the covered 
bridge which washed away in March 1912. 

Worth Manufacturing Company. No. 1 

The pillars of the bridge and the rock dam after the flood. 

The steel bridge which replaced the covered bridge. 

CENTRAL FALLS The Central Falls Manufac- 
turing Company built a cotton 
mill in Central Falls on Deep River below Worthville 
in 1881. The Company was composed of J. H. Fer- 
ree, J. E. Walker, A. M. Diffee, J. A. Blair, W.P. 
Wood, W. H. Ragan, J. H. Millis, J. O. Pickard, R. 
W. Frazer. G. S. Bradshaw, Mrs. E. E. Walker, 
Amos Gregson, R. M. Free and W. S. Ball. It built 
twenty-Five houses and one public building which 
was used for public speaking events and for Union 
church services. This building was sold to the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church in 1883, but union services 
continued to be held there. Central Falls had a post 
office by 1882, but it was not incoiporated as a town. 

In 1884 the company produced daily 2,000 yards of 
sheeting and 600 pounds of warps, using 2.500 spin- 
dles and 36 looms and employing 65 operatives. The 
average monthly wage was $10. Shuttle blocks, 
spokes and rims were made by Dove, Pritchard and 
Company in the village. 

After the Worth Manufacturing Company purch- 
ased this mill in 1886, the name became Worth Mill 
No. 2. The owners increased the number of spindles 
and looms and added the production of seamless 
bags. Materials could be shipped by boat between 
Central Falls and Worthville over one of the few 
navigable portions of the river. Passengers also were 
able to use the boat at times. 

The Central Falls Baptist Church was organized in 

A ride in a buggy was Sunday afternoon's treat. 

Central Falls Store. 

Cedar Falls Manufacturing Company. 

Dye House at Central Falls. 

Superintendent's home built in the 1890s by O.R. Cox at Cedar Falls. 

CEDAR FALLS In 1878 O. R. Cox resigned as 
Sheriff to become Secretary and 
Treasurer of the reorganized Cedar Falls Manufac- 
turing Company. Other members of the company 
were John M. Worth, George H. Makepeace, W. M. 
Curtis, W. H. Parks, Mrs. A. H. Worth, J. M. Odell, 
J. A. Odell and A. C. McAlister. This mill had al- 
ready been in operation for forty-two years at that 

In 1884 the mill had 2.144 spindles and 30 looms. It 
employed 90 persons and produced daily 3,000 yards 
of sheeting and 150 pounds of yarn. The average 
wage was $13.81 monthly. 

The new management built a second mill in 1895 
several feet down the river from Mill No. 1 . Mill No. 
2, housing 100 looms, made sheeting and white 
goods. A steam plant was built in 1898 to supplement 
the water power. 

In 1900 there were three churches in Cedar Falls: 
the Baptist (1844); the Methodist Episcopal (1870); 
and the Methodist Protestant (1873). The Union Sun- 
day School was supported for many years by all three 

The 1880 census shows 51 households in Cedar 
Falls with a population of 248. Alson G. and James 
Jennings and W. Tippett were cabinet makers; Ward 
Trogdon was a miller; Wm. J. Glass and Thomas E. 
Glass were teachers; W. E. and E. S. Allred were 
wagonmakers; Samuel Bristow and the Cedar Falls 
Manufacturing Company ran general stores; the 
Manufacturing Company also operated a flour, corn 
and saw mill; and J. E. Campbell ran a saw mill. 

Cedar Falls had been granted a post office in 1848, 
but was never incorporated. The Cape Fear and 
Yadkin Valley Railroad extended a spur line through 
Cedar Falls in 1890. 

By 1884 Dr. A. H. Redding was practicing medi- 
cine and A. S. Foust and Miss Mattie Redding were 
teachers at the school. 


Cedar Falls Manufacturing Company construction in progress. 

Cedar Falls as it appeared in 1930. 
Mill workers' homes in Cedar Falls built by Sapona Manufacturing Company. 

Owner's home, Cedar Falls, built before 1860. 

FRANKLINSVILLE In 1857 Island Ford Man- 
ufacturing Company was 
reorganized and named Randolph Manufacturing 
Company. Stockholders were Hugh Parks, Sr., John 
M. Coffin, G. W. Williams & Company (of Fayet- 
teville), Isaac H. Foust and Alexander S. Horney. 

In 1884 this company was making 3,000 yards of 
sheeting daily and employing 60 operatives. The av- 
erage monthly wage was $12.50. There were 1,800 
spindles and 50 looms. 

The older of the two mills in Franklinsville was 
owned by the Franklinsville Manufacturing Com- 
pany which had been reorganized in 1876. Hugh 
Parks, St., Benjamin Moffitt and Eli N. Moffitt were 
the purchasers of the mill from the Randleman Man- 
ufacturing Company which had bought it in 1875 
from the Cedar Falls Manufacturing Company, own- 
ers from 1859. From 1876 on ownership and man- 
agement was in Franklinsville. 

In 1884 this mill used 1,280 spindles and 30 seam- 
less bag looms and produced daily 1,600 bags. It em- 
ployed 83 persons and paid an average of $15 
monthly to the operatives. 

Franklinsville was granted a post office in 1840 and 
was incorporated in 1847. Middleton Academy was 
established as a private school by the Horney and 
Makepeace families around 1840. 

By 1880 there were 68 households with a popula- 
tion of 366. The census shows the following artisans 
and others: Jerome B. Russell, cabinet maker; 
Samuel Aldridge and Isaac Routh, millers. Physi- 
cians were John A. Gray and M. M. Hayworth. 
Teachers listed were Emma C. McMasters. Emma 
M. Taylor and Win. R. Julian. There was also a 

The Franklinsville School opened in 1845 as a part 
of the county public school system. 

In 1850 Hanks Lodge, number 128. A. F. & A. M., 
was established, several years before any other 
Masonic Lodge in the county. 

Churches in Franklinsville in 1900 were the 
Franklinsville Methodist Episcopal Church (1839); 
Franklinsville Baptist Church (1887); Shady Grove 
Methodist Church (1876); and nearby the Pleasant 
Cross Christian Church (1877). 

George Makepeace home in Franklinville. 

Ramseur Street scene of early 1900's. 

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Building the dam on Deep River in Franklinville, 1901. 

John Williamson house in Franklinville. 

E.C. Watkins' home in Ramseur, later owned by Dr. M.B. Smith and by 
Fred A. Thomas. 

One of the homes erected for miliworkers in Ramseur in the 1880's. 

Henry York home on Oliver Street, Ramseur. 
The Ramseur Post Office of 1880 which has been restored. 



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City well, corner Main and Depot Streets, in Ramseur, ca. 1915. 

Ramseur's first school. 


It began snowing early in the afternoon of Sat- 
urday, February 11, 1899, and snowed through 
Sunday. High winds on Monday caused drifts and 
blew snow so hard that it seemed like new snow. 
Tuesday was clear and cold. The United States 
Weather records show that the lowest temperature 
recorded for North Carolina was that at Ramseur 
of sixteen degrees below zero during the February 
blizzard of 1899. 

From "Just One Thing After Another," by Carl Goerch in the 
Courier-Tribune, April 4, 1966. 

RAMSEUR Deep River Mills, which had been es- 
tablished in 1850, was purchased in 
1879 by W. H. Watkins, A. W. E. Capel, J. S. 
Spencer, Joseph McLauchlin. Miss A. Coggins, Miss 
Elizabeth Coggins, and John H. Ferree and renamed 
Columbia Manufacturing Company. Because of the 
confusion of the name of the village with Columbia, 
South Carolina. Mr. Watkins suggested changing the 
name to Ramseur, honoring Major General Stephen 
D. Ramseur of Lincolnton under whose command he 
had served in the Civil War. This change was made in 
1889, but the name of the mill remained Columbia. 

The mill in 1884 had 2,880 spindles and produced 
daily 1,400 pounds of yarn. The mill employed 50 
persons, and the average pay per month was $16.50. 
Columbia also operated a cotton gin. 

The same group of owners, with J. C. Marsh as 
Superintendent, organized the Alberta Chair Com- 
pany in 1889 to make cane chairs which were bot- 
tomed by residents of the community in their homes. 
The factory burned around 1900 and the property 
was sold. 

In 1885 A. H. Thomas and H. R. Smitherman of 
Troy, began a broom shop which became the Ram- 
seur Broom Company. It burned at the time of the 
Alberta Chair Company fire and was rebuilt later in 
another location. 

In 1884 the Columbia Township magistrates were 
W. H. Foust, John Hays, Henry Craven, W. H. 
Watkins. J. H. Burgess and George C. Underwood. 
Silas Hobson was a cabinet maker and John H. 
Burgess was a millwright. W. F. Lane ran a boarding 
house and a Wagon and Buggy Repair Shop. Livery 
and Feed Stable. Three stores are listed: James M. 
Allied, Columbia Manufacturing Company and J. J. 
Crutchfield. Physician was Alfred Holton. 

By 1897 J. O. Forrester had opened a jewelry and 
furniture store; Ramseur Store Company and Cope- 
land & Marsh operated general stores; and W. C. 
Stout, a grocery store. Physicians listed in Branson's 
Directory were C. S. Tate and L. M. Fox. Depot 
agent was J. B. Melton. 

Town officials that year were Mayor, Y. M. C. 
Johnson; Marshal, J. T. Turner; Commissioners, 
Willis Luther, W. N. Whitehead, and C. S. Tate; 
Treasurer, H. B. Carter; and Secretary, W. H. Wat- 

Churches in Ramseur in 1900 were the Baptist, the 
Ramseur Methodist Episcopal, the Christian and the 
Friendship Methodist Episcopal. The Marietta 
Lodge, No. 444. A. F. & A. M., was organized in 

Ramseur was granted a post office in 1879 and was 
incorporated in 1895. In 1890 the Cape Fear and 
Yadkin Valley Railroad completed a spur line from 
Climax to Ramseur. These fundamental steps toward 
the development of a town led the people of Ramseur 
to make steady progress in the twentieth century. 


Second in the state only to Randleman Mills in 
organizing a community band was the Columbia 
Manufacturing Company. The company paid for part 
of the expenses and the band members paid for in- 
struction. The band was organized in the 1890"s and 
was active for more than fifteen years, earning a 
reputation for excellency and popularity throughout 
the area. 

In 1880 the village of Columbia had 32 households 
with a population of 167. By 1900 the population of 
Ramseur was 769, third largest in the county, after 
Randleman and Asheboro. 

THE MILL VILLAGE When the expansion of the 

cotton mills was possible, 
the need for providing housing for employees became 
apparent to the owners. No village was large enough 
to house the influx of new workers. Before the Civil 
War, housing had not been a problem, for the mills 
were small, but the increase in the number of work- 
ers brought social and economic changes. The work- 
ers could not build their own homes or engage in 
extensive farming for food, for their occupation kept 
them busy during the daylight hours except for Sat- 
urday afternoon and Sunday. 

Villages were created by erecting houses of wood 
on a simple design fairly close together. The com- 
pany store was the supply of food, clothing and all 
other items on the workers' lists, unless the workers 
managed to tend a small garden or were able to ob- 
tain produce and clothing from relatives on a farm. 
Streets were unpaved, there were no sidewalks ex- 
cept for planks laid here and there, and homes had 
yards instead of lawns. 

Holland Thompson in From the Cotton Field to the 
Cotton Mill, published by Macmillan in 1906, says 
that for people moving from the farm to the mill vil- 
lage the change was radical. They had to learn to live 
in a town in homes not their own; instead of being 
landowners and producing raw materials, they were 
making products from the raw materials and working 
for someone else; and instead of working with simple 
tools out of doors, they were working within walls 
and with complicated machines. Mill operatives for 
the local mills were not imported from abroad; they 
came from the soil. They came to the mills in the 
hope of bettering the economic condition of their 

Thompson enumerates five types of workers: (1) 
honest men, ambitious for their children, for better 
schools, etc.; <2) incapable or shiftless men who 
would be no better off with the change; (3) those with 
physical disability, real or imaginary, who believed 
work would be easier than on the farm; (4) widows 
who had been left with no means of livelihood; and 
(5) lazy men who came with the deliberate intention 
of living on the earnings of their children while they 
spent the day as they pleased — the "tin-bucket to- 
ters" who at least took lunches to their children. 

Home in Coleridge. 

Children playing in front of first Coleridge dam, 600 feet in length. 

Boating in Worthville. 

Baseball sandlot game. 

A program for Central Falls 
School, 1903-1904. 

Central Falls School 

FranlrtlnsvilU Twp., Randolph Co , N. C. 

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E Luck E L Y«k 

B Jordan 

I M Way, Co. Supt 

Three young ladies out for a buggy ride. 

&£&, ■ :, - -^^C^^-Mfr- 

Ramseur Concert Band, 1890-1917, directed by Professor Warburton of 

Pay envelop for 1902. 

Cebat jfalls flbfij. Go., 

(tebar falls, H. C. 


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f. balance 




In the mill, the cotton arrived in bales which were 
first sent to the picker room; and then step by step as 
follows: to the "opener" which loosened the fibers 
and blew out foreign matter; to the lapper which un- 
tangled fibers into sheets called "laps"; to the 
"cards" where cotton rope was deposited on cylin- 
drical cans; to rollers which rendered the fibers paral- 
lel; to the process whereby the ropes became "slub- 
ber" and were wound on large bobbins; to the spin- 
ning room where the ropes were spun on ring frames, 
36 inches wide, 27 feet long, with 104 spindles to a 
side; to where bobbins were placed in creels to give 
an extra twist at high speed; to doffing when full 
bobbins were replaced by empty bobbins; to the 
warper room where yarn was wound on the beam 
warpers and sized; to where the loom beams were 
placed in harness and threads drawn through an eye 
in the harness and a dent in the reed; to where loom 
beams were adjusted in looms; to the room where 
cloth was woven and lengths sewed together, then 
wound upon a beam and passed through a brusher, a 
steam jet and presser to smooth; and for the final step 
where cloth went to the folder to be made into bolts 
ready for sale. 

Children were employed in the mills, but they were 
able to work in only part of the process, especially in 
spinning and doffing. Older girls could work in 
threading the loom which required dexterity more 
than physical strength. Work was concentrated at 
times and slack at others, but the hours were long 
and confining. Until the steam turbine was invented 
in 1884. there were likely to be periods that the mills 
were idle when water power was not available be- 
cause of the weather. 

The first annual report of the state Bureau of Labor 
Statistics for the year 1887 states, "An employee in 
Randolph County believed that the mills hired many 
children who are too small to work, but the parents 
are more to blame than the mill-owners." 

Working hours in the cotton mills were from six in 
the morning until six in the evening with thirty to 
forty-five minutes for lunch and from six until twelve 
noon on Saturdays. The night shift was from six- 
thirty p.m. until six o'clock a.m. with a fifteen- 
minute break at midnight. 


Wages were low, but expenses somewhat corres- 
ponded. Rent was low or sometimes free, leaving the 
major items on the shopping lists to be food and clo- 
thing. Wages varied according to skills required for 
the work, and ranged from $3.00 a week for children 
to $15 for overseers. Wages were usually paid in 
cash, but there were also tokens or "checks" issued 
by the company stores which could be used in the 
purchase of items at the store. Harriet L. Herring in 
her book published in 1929 entitled. Welfare Work in 
Mill Villages, says that several mills in Randolph 
County issued such checks and that they were ac- 
cepted everywhere on Deep River. Also, that they 
were acceptable in High Point and Greensboro and to 
farmers in the surrounding area. Because they were 
easily counterfeited the Federal Government re- 
quested that they not issue them and after some years 
the issue of script was discontinued. 

The work was monotonous but the people found 
companionship with their neighbors. The free time 
on Saturday afternoons and Sundays was spent in 
recreation, visiting and at church services. There was 
little separation between private and industrial life 
because everyone knew everyone else, and often 
everyone's business. Dancing, card playing and 
drinking alcoholic beverages were frowned upon not 
only by management but by operatives. Young peo- 
ple married at an early age and most couples stayed 
in the same community for life. 

Three of the mills, Randleman, Franklinville and 
Columbia, sponsored community bands and each 
community had a baseball team. Competition was 
keen in these games. Prizes were given for the best 
flowers and vegetables in an effort to encourage the 
planting of gardens. Church attendance was usual but 
not compulsory. The annual revivals at each church 
kept a series of special meetings in progress for many 
months of the year. The homes in general lacked 
adornment, but so did the mills of those days. 

The relations between the employers and those 
employed were personal. The manager knew every 
operative both by sight and by name and perhaps 
each of their families for generations. They had had 
many experiences in common and also held many of 
the same ideas about life. That the manager and 
workers shared history and traditions resulted in 
kindliness on the part of the employer and loyalty on 
the part of the employed. This relationship was to 
continue for many years. 

Workers at a Randleman mi 

Workers at a Randleman mill. 
Stoking coal furnaces at Randleman Manufacturing Company. 

Enterprise Store, Coleridge. 

First home of Ramseur Baptist Church ( 1851), now a private dwelling. 


CHURCHES Camp meetings may have exposed 
thousands to religious experiences 
before the Civil War, but they were even more a part 
of the history of the period following 1865. There was 
very little difference in the services or the physical 
arrangements. There were more churches and more 
brush arbors, making it possible to have more meet- 
ings. Every Baptist, Methodist and Christian Church 
felt it vital to have a revival or camp meeting at least 
once a year. 

From 1875 to 1900 churches multiplied in every 
community. Added were 35 Methodist Episcopal, 15 
Methodist Protestant, 15 Christian, 27 Baptist, 9 
Wesleyan Methodist, 3 Primitive Baptist, 4 Friends 
meetings, 5 AME and 2 AME Zion churches. These 
figures are approximate because exact dates for the 
origin of some churches are unknown. 

Brantley York continued his work as an itinerant 
Methodist minister in the state until his death 
in 1891. In one five-year period of his life he 
preached 890 sermons, travelled 200 miles and spent 
long days in church activities and in schools. York 
was blind for the last fifty years of his life, but was 
able to carry on his ministry with the assistance of 
members of his family. Wherever he preached he 
usually also organized grammar and math classes be- 
cause of his great interest in education. He spent 
several months in Randleman, Cedar Falls, 
Franklinsville and Ramseur teaching evening classes 
for adults who had never had the opportunity for 
schooling. He had published two editions of York's 
English Grammar, the plates of which were lost dur- 
ing the Civil War, three editions of the Common 
School Grammar and an edition of his High School 
Grammar which replaced the English Grammar. In 
1873 he published the Man of Business and Railroad 
Calculator, an aid to businessmen. York is buried in 
Alexander County near Taylorsville. 

Dr. Strieby, a Congregational missionary, was 
helpful to the group of Negroes living near Lassiter's 
Mill in establishing a church there and they in turn 
named the community for him. 

In 1884 Yardley Warner settled at Bush Hill with 
his family, after living in other places throughout the 
South. He taught in a small private school for Neg- 
roes, called "Little Davie School," where he was 
teaching when he died in 1885. Warner and his wife, 
Anne E. Warner, were Friends from Pennsylvania 
who spent the years following the war in efforts to 
improve social and economic conditions in the 
South. He and his wife are buried at Springfield 
Meeting, where a set of Noah's Ark animals carved 
from wood by Warner to use in his school are on 
display at the Museum. The Warnersville section of 
Greensboro is named for him. 

In 1883 William Ernest Mead came to Asheboro 
from Brooklyn, New York, to be Principal of the 
Negro school. He also was very musical and helped 

with programs and church services in both Negro and 
white communities. 

A minister of note was Islay Walden, born a slave 
in 1843 in southeastern Randolph, who had walked to 
Washington, D. C, in 1867, published two books of 
poetry to support himself and help with his en- 
deavors, had received a ministerial degree from the 
Theological Seminary in New Brunswick, New Jer- 
sey, and returned in 1879 to Lassiter's Mill to estab- 
lish a church and school. The church was given the 
name of Promised Land Church and it was built with 
the help of neighbors and friends on the road from 
Troy to Asheboro. Islay Walden's early death in 1884 
cut short a life that was spent in service to his people 
both in cities in the north and in his home county. 
The church was later named the First Congregational 
Church at Strieby. Walden and his wife are buried in 
the churchyard. 

GOLD MINES When the situation became 
somewhat normal after the war, 
gold prospect owners began to explore again the 
holdings for gold. The seventy-five prospects and 
mines once in operation or under consideration were 
not all developed, however. From the records ap- 
proximately 27 were functioning in 1886. 

The three English captains: Basil John Fisher, C. 
Slingsley Wainman and Charles St. George Winn, 
who came to Asheboro to seek a fortune in gold in 
1887, created the greatest interest of all who came to 
the county to mine. All three built large homes and 
made quite an impression on the village of some 500 
persons. Captains Winn and Wainman died while still 
in their twenties in 1891 and 1892 and are buried in 
the City Cemetery. Wainman Avenue is named for 
Captain Wainman. Captain Fisher owned large hold- 
ings in West Asheboro beginning at what is present 
day Park Street where the gatehouse to his estate was 
located. He moved to Greensboro in 1895 and gave 
his name to Fisher Park and Circle in that city. His 
home here was sold and was used later as Memorial 
Hospital. The three men had little luck as gold mine 
operators, but Captain Fisher engaged in other busi- 

The most profitable of the mines was the Hoover 
Hill Mine which started operations before the War 
and operated again afterwards, running for many 
years. It covered 250 acres. A description of the ore 
in the 1893 Handbook of North Carolina issued by 
the State Department of Agriculture says that the 
value of the ore varied from poor to excellent in de- 
posits next to each other. The Briles vein was the 
most productive in the mine. The variety of ores 
found was somewhat typical of the mines throughout 
the area and caused the gradual abandonment of 
most of the mining because the operations became 
too expensive. 



Randolph County is one of a group of five coun- 
ties situated in the central part of North Carolina 
in which gold was discovered and has been con- 
tinuously mined (with more or less profit) since 
before the Revolutionary War. In the western sec- 
tion of the county, about twelve miles from Ashe- 
boro, the county seat, in 1S81 there flourished a 
mine known as the Hoover Hill gold mine. At the 
time of which I write, an English company had 
purchased the mine and installed the heaviest and 
most expensive mining machinery to be found 
anywhere east of the Rocky Mountains. A large 
force of English and Welsh miners were employed, 
in addition to many brought from our own West- 
ern gold fields. 

The company funds were kept in Asheboro, and 
once a month the paymaster would draw some 
$12,000 from the bank, hire a horse and buggy 
from the village livery stable, get a friend to go 
with him as a sort of guard and make the drive of 
twelve miles over the rough, sparsely settled coun- 
try road to the mine. 

On one of these trips, some time during the 
summer, the paymaster was unable to get a man to 
accompany him, and as a last resort, invited me. I 
was a boy of sixteen years at the time, and keen for 
an adventure of any sort. So we started about 3 
o'clock in the afternoon, calculating to reach the 
mine about 6:30, at least two hours before dark. As 
a protection against the lawless element which al- 
ways infest a mining community, the paymaster 
was armed with a shotgun, loaded with buckshot, 
and I was given the proud privilege of carrying a 

Everything went along smoothly until we were 
within about four miles of the mine, when, in de- 
scending a steep hill that flanks the eastern bank 
of a swift stream known as Caraway Creek, sud- 
denly our front right wheel flew off and both of us 
were unceremoniously dumped out in the roadway. 
We picked ourselves up, examined the damage and 
found the spindle had been twisted off, presumably 
from lack of grease. There we were, miles from a 
house, night coming on, and $12,000 in our posses- 

Knowing that it was impossible to get the axle 
repaired that day, we dragged the buggy to the side 
of the road and resolved to make the remaining 
four miles on foot, the paymaster carrying the 
funds, which were in a tin box, while I led the 
horse. But misfortune never comes singly. We had 
hardly gained the top of the hill on the opposite 
bank of the creek when it began to rain, gently at 
first, but at each step became heavier, until it fi- 
nally settled into a steady downpour that promised 
to last for hours. We were being drenched to the 
skin, when, fortunately, we spied an abandoned log 
cabin up in the woods about 300 feet from the 

road. We hustled up the path, tied our horse to a 
sheltering tree, and took possession of the friendly 
cabin. This cabin boasted a stout door, fastened by 
a wooden bar on the inside, and a small, shutter- 
less opening which served as a window, about two 
feet from the floor. 

Well, we were in a dry place, anyway. With the 
money O.K. and our guns ready for action we felt 
comparatively safe. My! How it did rain! Night 
come on, but no signs of a let-up. There we were - 
the paymaster sitting on a rude bench, the money 
box on the floor by his side, the gun between his 
knees, while I, trying my best to keep awake, lay 
rolled up in our laprobe against the wall. 

I don't know how long I thus lay before sleep 
overcame me. Anyway, I was awakened some time 
during the night by a rude shake, and a whispered, 
"Wake up!" I looked through the window. The rain 
had ceased and a half-moon had broken through 
the clouds, casting ghostly shadows here and there. 
The faraway cry of a whipporwill added to the 
loneliness of the place. 

Suddenly the paymaster gave a startled cry: 
"What's that?" From down the path leading to the 
road there came the faint, slow tramp of hob- 
nailed boots. I could hear the tense breathing of 
the paymaster, as he gripped his gun. Every one in 
the vicinity of the mine knew of his monthly visits. 
Some one of the wild, bewhiskered miners had dis- 
covered our broken buggy by the roadside and had 
traced us to the deserted cabin! 

Nearer and nearer came the tramp, tramp of 
rough-shod feet. Now they were at the very door of 
the cabin. Then slowly around it they went, as 
though looking for a possible place of attack, and 
stopped apparently right at the door! 

We were simply paralyzed with fear, scarcely 
daring to breathe, our eyes glued to the window, 
through which came the faint rays of the moon. 
Then slowly and cautiously there appeared in that 
little window the most diabolical-looking head and 
face any human being ever beheld! A long face, 
with iron-gray whiskers, matted and unkempt. The 
face of a brute and murderer. The horrible, leering 
eyes seemed to say: "Ha! You are trapped and I 
will kill you at my lesiure!" 

Then something happened. At my side there 
came a report like the explosion of a cannon and I 
heard a body sink slowly to the ground, and a sigh, 
almost as though of relief, seemed to escape from 
the lips of the creature. The paymaster could stand 
the strain no longer and had fired the big charge of 
buckshot full into the face at the window! 

Fearing the dead desperado might have ac- 
complices, neither of us stirred from the cabin till 
sunup. It seemed to me that awful vigil lasted a 
century, and never have I welcomed the sunlight as 
on that morning. 


Two views of gold mine sheds. 

Cautiously we unbarred the door and stepped 
out. The sight that met our eyes filled us with un- 
speakable joy ; for, instead of finding the dead body 
of the would-be robber, we found ourselves gazing 
at the stark form of an old-gray , flea-bitten - Don- 
key! Aimlessly browsing around in search of lush 
grass, he had wandered up to the cabin and - to his 
untimely end. 

Seated comfortably on the porch of the com- 
pany's general store at the mine, after a hearty 
breakfast, a few hours later, the paymaster was 
regaling the village loafers with a vivid account of 
our adventure. Looking down the road we saw an 
angry farmer approaching, and, on arrival, he 
spoke thusly: 

"Did you'uns kill my donkey!" The paymaster 

"Well, I want twenty dollars, or I'll take it out'en 
your hide!" 

He got his twenty dollars. 

From Tar Heel Tales, by J. Nat Steed, 1920. (Editor's note: 
Since there were no banks in Asheboro in 1881, the company 
must have deposited their funds with a store in town which had 
a safe or strongbox. Mr. Steed was with the U.S. Department of 
Justice for many years and lived in Washington, D.C.) 

**•<*''' V 3 *^^. 

Miners working underground. 

Gold mine machinery used in the late 1800's — a Cornish pump. 

Two gold recovery processes: washing and rocking 

a .- 

The Gatekeeper's House of the Fisher Estate as it looked when it was on 
Sunset Avenue. 

Captain Charles St. George Winn, who died at the age of 26 and is buried 
in the Asheboro City Cemetery. 

In 1886 Captain Basil J. Fisher from England purchased land in West 
Asheboro. His large home was sold when he moved to Greensboro. Later 
Sunset Avenue and other streets were opened through the estate and the 
home became Memorial Hospital. 

Wheat harvesting with one of the early reapers. 

": ^| 





§m RIinw 

The home of Captain Wainman after it was owned by R.R. Ross. 

WflttSitafflW*- <4. 


AGRICULTURE Farmers who were for the most 
part still using hand tools were 
introduced in the 1880's to deep plows and 
harvester-threshers. These new inventions and 
others soon to come began a revolution in agriculture 
which would have lasting effects. With more expen- 
sive implements the business side of farming de- 
manded attention. 

Prices fluctuated greatly during the years following 
the war. The railroads, industries, merchants and fi- 
nancial institutions seemed not to be affected as 
much by adverse economic conditions as were the 
farmers. The panics which occurred every few years 
after relatively good periods kept conditions unset- 
tled. Tariffs, unfair taxation systems and high freight 
rates were balanced against agricultural prices. 

The combination of farm income with wages from 
industry kept the majority of county farms in the 
hands of the owners in spite of the obstacles they 
faced. This economic situation is characteristic of the 
county. When possible, some family members 
worked in industry and some farmed, balancing the 
family income. 

Farm tenancy, which grew by leaps and bounds in 
other counties, has always been low in this county. 

The Progressive Farmer began publication in 
Winston in 1886 under the editorship of L. L. Polk. 
Soon this paper was in many homes supplementing 
the Almanac. A study of these two publications 
proves that they were advocating many practical 
suggestions for improved farming methods and were 
in fact behind a movement for agricultural schools. 
The North Carolina State Agricultural and Mechan- 
ical College which was to be important in the coun- 
ty's agricultural development was opened in 1889. 

Rural Free Delivery, a boon to people living in 
rural areas, was authorized by Congress in 1896. 

TRANSPORTATION Railroads made the differ- 
ence during this period, al- 
though their entrance into the county came late. The 
first railroad through the county was the Cape Fear 
and Yadkin Valley with ten miles laid in 1886 through 
Staley, Liberty and Julian on its way from Wil- 
mington to Mt. Airy. This company then built a spur 
line from Climax to Millboro and later extended this 
line by 1890 to Cedar Falls, Franklinsville and Ram- 
seur. The spur was called the "factory branch," for it 
served the cotton mills. 

A branch line of the North Carolina Railroad was 
built to Randleman and Asheboro in 1889 from High 
Point. Both towns held big celebrations to welcome 
the train. People came from miles around in wagons 
and carts to see the phenomenon; some came the 
night before and camped out for fear of missing the 
occasion. Invitations were issued and speeches were 
made. It was indeed a new era. The railroad opened 
up trade in lumber and manufactured products and 
provided passenger travel to the outside world. Ex- 
cursions were planned to interesting points in the 
state, such as the Wilmington beaches and Asheville, 
and even to places out of the state, which were en- 
joyable to all who were able to take advantage of 
these trips. 

In 1895 a third line was run from Aberdeen to 
Asheboro by the Page family of Aberdeen. It served 
to haul lumber and produce by train to make connec- 
tions in Star and Aberdeen with other railroads. In 
1912 the Norfolk Southern Railway purchased the 
line from the Pages. 

Very important people in the operation of the rail- 
roads were the engineers, conductors, station agents 
and section foremen. 


Pisgah Bridge. 


Invitation to the arrival in Asheboro of the first train from High Point, July 
4, 1889. 

Thi p.. pie of and of the County of Randolph :rn 
t completion of the 

rlifllj poir/t. 

)a9dSo utl ?? r, ?R a ' lroa ' 

b**h#Uth May or July.H«89. 

Thrrf %fmWft 0}tk b 'frr ) 7*+ H *f i ' ^\ u <*>id mililar) 
i i BSJ*1>^tfcnHnfc CTlljlJtM ^fHt'cliir distinguishe 
■peafrr jj __ 

ialflrftmt 'fropfr of ~A TkrtorJ and of Randolp 
County, we naff the honor to request your presence. 
( Minn Com <*f Arrangements. 


COMMlTTlf or InvttaT>on. 


W F C»4»|» 

Side door of this house was entrance to the "keeping room" where rail- 
road men spent the night in MiUboro. The train turned around there until 
the route was extended to Ramseur. 

Mill Creek Bridge was one of the more than fifty covered bridges once 
spanning Randolph County streams. 

Moffitt's Mill Bridge 

Worthville Bridge 

Skeens Mill Bridge 

Randleman Bridge 

.. • J -r<"--'<;.. , ". . 
Jackson Creek Bridge 

Liberty Railroad Station 

W P j* L 

Bransorf s Mill Bridge 

Fuller's Mill Bridge 
Franklinville Bridge 

Station agents had as one of their duties the opera- 
tion of the telegraph which provided the fastest 
communication known to that day and served in per- 
sonal and public emergencies. Station agent in 
Millboro from 1889 for several years was Thomas 
Hayes who taught two daughters and four sons the 
skill of operating the telegraph keys. Most proficient 
was a daughter, Zorada, who became a relief agent at 
the age of 14, married C. S. Julian at 19, taught him to 
operate the telegraph, and served at Cedar Falls 
while he was agent at Franklinsville. When she died 
in 1921 he moved to the Cedar Falls station and was 
agent there until he retired. Another woman who be- 
came expert as a telegraph operator was Blanche 
Johnson of Sophia. 

Roads were still unworthy of the name of highways 
and continued to be anything but in "all-weather" 
condition. The innovation of the period was the co- 
vered bridge, using once again a product which was 
available in quantity. Randolph must have had more 
covered bridges than any other county in the state, 
for even forty years after the bridge-building period 
began it could count forty-two in constant use. 

Bridges were covered first of all to protect the 
floorboards. This they did well. They were also shel- 
ter from the weather for those caught on the road 
without protection. It is true they were scenic and of 
special interest, but they were built for practical pur- 
poses by men who thought they would save money. 

Early bridge architects created a variety of de- 
signs. In Randolph County the Skeens Mill bridge 
was built on the lattice truss mode created by Ithiel 
Town of Connecticut, who also designed part of the 
State Capitol building in Raleigh. The Pisgah Bridge 
was the only one built with flying buttresses. Some of 
the bridge builders in Randolph were Tom A. Cox, 
John C. Cox, Hezekiah Andrews. Will Dorsett and J. 
J. Welch. Bridges were from thirty feet to more than 
two hundred feet long. They cost between $10 and 
$15 a foot to construct, but the demands of each site 
helped to determine the total amount. 

Engine No. 113, steam workhorse of the Southern between Asheboro and 
High Point. 



ACADEMIES Academies supplemented the pub- 
lic schools which did not develop 
into an effective system before the end of the centu- 
ry. When high schools were established by the 
county and state most of the academies became pub- 
lic schools or closed. 

Academies were as a rule chartered by the General 
Assembly and were accredited on the basis of the 
quality and preparation of the teaching staff. They 
included a few courses beyond the primary and 
grammar school level in an effort to prepare students 
for continuing their education either in school or on 
their own. The extra courses were usually algebra, 
Latin and geometry. Several offered courses in busi- 
ness, notably the Why Not Academy. 

Graduation from an academy was a very important 
milestone in the life of a young person. The loyalty of 
the graduates of these academies to their alma maters 
attests to the value of these schools in their com- 
munities. Commencement exercises were the high- 
light of the year's activities. No one missed this day- 
long occasion which combined a program of 
speeches, recitations and music (banjo, guitar, band 
and singing), a picnic lunch, afternoon refreshments, 
and games. Baseball was the most popular game. In 
the evening the young people might have a dance at 
someone's home. 

The academy buildings were of one, two or three 
stories, with one large room and some smaller rooms, 
two cloak closets, wood stoves, water buckets, hard 
pine benches, a blackboard painted on a planed wall 
surface on one side of the room, and homemade 

Each student used the same textbooks for grades 
one through seven, advancing in each subject as the 
material became more difficult. One-room schools 
had their disadvantages, but one advantage was that 
students learned from hearing each other recite and 
from hearing the same lesson repeated many times. 
Spelling bees held at times when parents could be 
present demonstrated and tested spelling and word 
knowledge. Students memorized pages of the dictio- 
nary and multiplication tables. 

Discipline was strict in the classroom, but the 
school day allowed for a long noon recess during 
which time teachers left students free for activities of 
their own choice. 

The school terms at Shiloh Academy were typical 
of most academies. The autumn term was financed 
by the county for three months and was free to 
everyone; the winter term was a subscription school 
for four months and tuition was $1.50 to $2.00 a 
month per student; and the Academy provided an 
additional term for older students and for the training 
of teachers. Students from Shiloh taught in public 
schools nearby. 

Each school was established to serve the immedi- 
ate area, but the success of the schools carried their 

The Farmer High School building as it looked before it burned in 1923. 
This building had housed the old Farmer Academy before it was pur- 
chased for a public school. 

Invitation to commencement at Mt. Olivet Academy, 1899, and 
program for 1896. 

names abroad. When other students were accepted 
for admission, they found board and room in homes 
in the neighborhood. Some, like Shiloh, had available 
an empty building or farm house where men students 
could "batch it." 

The academy buildings were used by others for 
they were centers of the communities: farmers' 
groups, political meetings, and newly organized 
churches, and for flower shows, box suppers, and 
debates over current issues. 

The descriptions of the academies as given in re- 
miniscences of former students show that the school 


Braxton Craven, 1821-1882, President of Trinity College. 

Students in front of Trinity College in 1891. 

Trinity Guards, 1861 , showing college building as it looked before addition 
was made. 


Shiloh Academy, 1866-1908; public school until 1936. 

buildings were not much improved over those of 
ante-bellum days; that walking was still the method 
of reaching school; that materials for use in study 
were by no means plentiful, but were printed text 
books instead of hand-written copies; that teachers 
were better prepared; and that requirements for 
scholastic standing of students was higher than ever 
before. Without the academies educational oppor- 
tunities between 1860 and 1900 would have been piti- 

After Trinity College moved to Durham in 1892, 
the Trinity High School opened, using the college 
buildings. Its advertisement in the N. C. Home Jour- 
nal for 1898 said that it was a "regular fitting" school 
for Trinity College, preparing for the Sophomore 
year. Total expenses including board, room-rent, 
matriculation, tuition, etc., need not exceed $140.00. 
John F. Kirk was Headmaster. 

TRINITY COLLEGE One of the private schools 

established before 1835 in 
the Trinity area was the Brown's Schoolhouse on 
John Brown's land. The teacher was Allen M. 
Frazier, a neighbor, who left in 1837 to move to land 
he had obtained earlier. There he built a school and 
taught for several years in addition to farming. 

Brantley York, already known to people in the 
community, was asked to become the teacher at 
Brown's Schoolhouse in the spring of 1838. After a 
few months in the inadequate building which was in 
need of repairs, the parents met to select a place for a 
new building, twenty by thirty feet, which also pre v- 
ed to be too small. York then presented to the group 
a plan for an organization of members willing to sub- 
scribe to the support of a school by erecting a build- 
ing and raising funds to pay a teacher and to provide 
the supplies needed for operating the school. Thus 
the Union Institute Educational Society was born in 
1839. called Union because of the two religious 
groups represented in the community. Of the 27 men 
who formed the Society, however, only 5 were 
Quakers, and others were Methodist. The new and 
larger school building was erected before cold 

In 1841 Braxton Craven was elected assistant 
teacher and became teacher when York left in 1842. 
From that day the school was nurtured through fi- 
nancial, scholastic and war-time difficulties by Cra- 


ven until his death in 1882. Its story is his story. 

Braxton Craven, born in the Buffalo Ford commu- 
nity and reared in the home of Nathan Cox, educated 
in the schools of the day and through his own hunger 
for learning, licensed as a Methodist preacher at the 
age of eighteen, student for two years at New Garden 
before becoming teacher at Union Institute, led the 
Institute from a school of academy standing to one 
which compared favorably with the denominational 
colleges then in existence. He was very much a man 
of his own times, rooted in the community in which 
he lived, but was possessed of a vision of educational 
progress which drove him to accomplishments im- 
possible to a lesser man. He was an excellent ad- 
ministrator, a thrifty person, a gifted teacher, an ef- 
fective preacher, a friend to the students and faculty, 
a devoted family man and a fine citizen. With all 
these qualities he had a keen sense of humor and 
enthusiasm which carried other people along with his 
efforts. He stated more than once that his one ambi- 
tion was "the making of men." 

The Quaker schools at New Garden and at 
Springfield soon drew the few Quaker families away, 
leaving Union Institute primarily to the Methodists. 
The school absorbed the loss of students and gradu- 
ally grew. 

In 1851 Union Institute became Normal College 
when Craven saw the need for the preparation of 
teachers for the common schools authorized by the 
state in 1840. His efforts contributed to this need, but 
the college did not receive the state support neces- 
sary for developing the program. 

The North Carolina Methodist Conference in 1856 
approved the acceptance of Normal College as a 
Methodist School. By the time it received a charter 
from the state in 1859 the name adopted for the 
school was Trinity College, inspired by Trinity Col- 
lege, Cambridge, England. 

Before 1860 the student body had reached a total of 
200 with a faculty of seven. The budget never ex- 
ceeded $7,000. Teachers were paid from tuition fees, 
a base salary with a promise of more if it was col- 
lected. The necessity for supplementing meager 
salaries was keenly realized by the teachers during 
the times when salaries were partially or wholly un- 
paid. There was also very little money for library 
books, laboratory equipment or other supplies. 

Trinity College survived economic crises and the 
Civil War and Reconstruction years, plus dissension 
within the Methodist Church Conference, staying 
open largely through the efforts of Craven and the 
friends of the school who contributed funds or ser- 
vices when the crises occurred. All the while the col- 
lege was providing education for many young men in 
this county and in surrounding counties and states 
who would not otherwise have been able to attend 

Some of the students of Trinity College were the 
Misses Theresa, Persis and Mary Giles who were 
taught by the faculty at irregular times but were given 
their diplomas in 1879 at the regular commencement, 
becoming thereby the first female graduates; twenty 

Tennis court at home of O.W. Carr, Trinity, ca. 1885. 

Inn at Trinity housing students, faculty and visitors. 

K v-r 3 

qtPtm^F!- Wm IN- 





Highway marker for Trinity 

The only portion of the old Trinity College buildings remaining are the 
columns which have been used since 1924 in the Trinity High School 
auditorium. A new school building replaced this building in 1978. 

Hopewell Methodist Episcopal Church was the earliest church built in the 
area (1819). 

Jeduthan Harper house near Trinity built ca. 1800. He was Clerk of the 
County Court 1787-1807. His son, Jesse, who was Clerk of Court, 1807- 
1832, lived in this house. It is now being restored. 

Cherokee Indians, 1880-1885, who found adjustment 
to college life very difficult; and in 1880-1881, 
Charles J. Soong of China, who became the head of 
the famous Soong family 

After Craven's death in 1882 temporary arrange- 
ments for administration were made until 1887 when 
Dr. John Franklin Crowell was elected president. By 
1890 the economic difficulties of the college seemed 
without a solution unless the college were relocated 
in a city in which benefactors might be found. In that 
year the Methodist Church Conference accepted a 
gift from Washington Duke and voted to move the 
college to Durham. The removal came in 1892, after a 
delay of one year when the tower of one of the new 
buildings collapsed. 

The Trinity High School (the preparatory part of 
the college) remained in Trinity, using the college 
buildings. The Randolph County Board of Education 
leased the property beginning in 1909 and purchased 
it in 1919. The buildings were used until 1924 by the 
public school system when a new high school was 
erected on the same site using the columns from the 
old college in the auditorium of the new school. Sev- 
eral hundred of the college library books which were 
not removed to Durham remained in the high school 

Trinity College left its name to a community and a 
township and left its influence in the lives of those 
students who were privileged to attend school there. 

TRINITY The first settlers in the northwest 
corner of Randolph County purchased 
land and moved there before 1780. The 1779 tax list 
for William Millikan's District (roughly Trinity 
Township) shows 215 taxables. Of these approxi- 
mately 25 families were living in what became the 
Trinity area and possibly a few more. On the tax list 
were John Leach, William Leach, Hugh Leach, John 
Brown, William Robbins, John Reddick, Jr., Joseph 
Reddick, Joseph Johnson, John Elder, Alexander 
Smith and others. 

The principal occupation was farming, including all 
those activities associated with agriculture. The men 
were also leaders in the political, social and eco- 
nomic affairs of the community and the county. After 
coming there almost all of them were converted to 
the new Methodist denomination, influenced by cir- 
cuit riders or camp meetings, although their 
background was of other denominations. 

About 1819 Hopewell Methodist Episcopal Church 
was organized, and in 1840, Prospect Methodist 
Episcopal Church, each one becoming a center for 
the people living in that immediate area. Quakers liv- 
ing there attended Springfield Meeting across the line 
in Guilford County or met in small groups on first day 
if it was impossible to get to Springfield. 

The first schoolhouses were those built by indi- 
viduals on their own property to be used for instruc- 
tion of their children and possibly those of neighbors 
Teachers were members of the family or itinerant 
teachers. Because of their interest in improved edu- 
cational opportunities, the people of the Trinity area 
were destined to have more than the one-room pri- 


vate schoolhouse. By 1839 they had organized the 
Union Institute Educational Society. 

From 1840 when Union Institute became an educa- 
tional site until Trinity College was removed from 
that same site to Durham in 1892, the life of the 
community was centered in the school. The busi- 
nesses were those necessary to support the needs of 
students and faculty: stores, boarding houses and 
transportation to make connections with stagecoach 
and railroad stops. Farming was a major occupation 
because food was needed in. quantity. Business 
thrived when the college was doing well and expand- 
ing but suffered during the lean years. 

The municipality received a charter as Trinity Col- 
lege in 1869 from the General Assembly under the 
provisions of the new state constitution. In 1872 the 
officials were: Mayor, Malcom Shaw; Commission- 
ers, W. T. Gannaway, O. W. Carr, Lemuel Johnson, 
L. M. Leach and Wiley Andrews. The Township 
Clerk was B. F. Steed. In 1877-78 the officials were 
the same except that Dr. J. L. Craven was added to 
the Commissioners. Cornelia Leach, daughter of 
James Leach, was postmistress from 1866 — 1898. 

In 1884 the Mayor was J. L. Craven. In 1890 the 
township magistrates were B. L. Lineberry, Dr. 
Joseph Bird, W. N. Elder and W. S. Bradshaw; in 
1897 the magistrates were J. J. White (Trinity), James 
Winslow (Maud), B. F. Blair, Joseph Clark (Prog- 
ress), and Joseph G. Dorsett (Wheatmore). 

Merchants at different times during the period 
1865-1900 were: M. Shaw and Co.; J. W. Townsend; 
Finch, Bradshaw & Co.; Benson Parker and H. C. 
Fisher; the Misses F. & R. & M. Miller, millinery and 
tailoring; Charles Hundley; G. W. Thompson; Lon 
White; and B. L. Lineberry. 

Many homes were opened to faculty and students 
as boarding homes. Faculty members who also 
housed students were Braxton Craven, W. T. Gan- 
naway, Lemuel Johnson, Jeffrey H. Robbins, W. H. 
Pegram and O. W. Carr. Others whose homes were 
opened for students were J. H. Leach. W. S. Brad- 
shaw, Mrs. E. Welborn, Benson Parker, Hugh L. 
Brown, Mrs. Graves, Mrs. F. Freeman, J. L. Cra- 
ven, Mrs. Susan White, Mrs. Lennon Shell, J. R. 
Means, Mrs. Mary A. White, Mrs. Kinsey, Joseph 
Huffman, C. Dunlap, C. M. Pepper, Mrs. Hensley 
and W. R. Frazier's Hotel. 

W. K. Welborn operated a flour and grist mill and a 
cotton gin for many years; D. Payne, B. F. Miller, J. 
Sumner and M. Henly also operated mills. Hugh L. 
Brown owned a saddle and harness shop; H. C. 
Taylor, E. Collett and the William Reddicks were 
shoemakers. Hugh Leach was a mechanic and 
wagonmaker. The directories show long lists of farm- 
ers indicating the importance of farming as an oc- 
cupation to the area. 

Physicians were J. B. Alford who was also a minis- 
ter, J. L. Brown, D. Reid Parker, Thomas L. 
Winslow (Maud), J. L. Craven, F. Cicero Frazier 
(dentist), and A. L. McCanless. 

The people of Trinity were very much opposed to 



W h M.I 


S^ ,*L« /,M_ 

Manor house on the William Gould Brokaw estate, Fairview Park. The house burned 
in 1922. 

The Charles Morgan family has restored the Lewis Leach house which 
was built in 1845-1847. 

Archdale Elementary School. 


Rufus King house. Archdale, 1884. He was a Friends minister and lived 
from 1843 to 1923. 

Ragan-Hammond home, built by Moses Hammond, Archdale. 

the removal of the college to Durham, for their lives 
were built around the existence of the school. Nearly 
all of the faculty members were owners of homes in 
the village and had their roots there. The whole area 
had become a campus for the college, for a large 
percentage of the students made their homes in the 
community, there being limited dormitory space in 
the college buildings. It was a traumatic experience 
to have the removal take place, after their opposition 
was overruled. 

In 1897, five years after the college had moved, the 
community of Trinity was still centered around the 
Trinity High School which was the preparatory 
school for Trinity College. Some of the faculty had 

moved to Durham; some of the older faculty mem- 
bers had stayed in Trinity and continued teaching in 
the High School; some of the boarding houses and 
stores were still in operation. 

There were new Baptist churches: First, Trinity, 
Liberty Grove and Wheatmore. The Methodist 
Churches in the township were Trinity College, Mt. 
Vernon, Hopewell, Prospect and St. Mary's. 

A few industries new to Trinity had been de- 
veloped before 1900. The Trinity Broom Works was 
owned by Benson Parker; B. L. Lineberry and W. T. 
Gannaway had opened the Wood Milling and Man- 
ufacturing Company; and A. F. Eshelman owned a 
cigar factory. Farming remained the occupation of 
the majority of men in the township. As long as the 
Trinity High School was flourishing the businesses 
connected with serving it were needed. Trinity was 
an educational center until the High School was no 
longer supported by Trinity College. 

ARCHDALE When members of the Society of 
Friends from Bush River, South 
Carolina, came to North Carolina about 1786, they 
purchased land in the northwestern corner of Ran- 
dolph County and called their settlement Bush Hill. 
William Tomlinson received a state grant of 300 acres 
and purchased additional acreage from John Hoggatt 
(Hockett) and John Ruddock (Reddick). Other 
families who came between 1786 and 1820 purchased 
land nearby: the Englishes, who had also come from 
Bush River, and the Mendenhalls, Fraziers and 
Blairs. Hunts and Haworths lived nearby in Guilford. 
Sons and daughters of these families intermarried, 
making Bush Hill family ties very strong. They were 
also of one religious faith and attended Springfield 

The community became known for its hospitality. 
Because of its location on the road from Salem to 
Fayetteville, residents had many opportunities to ex- 
press kindness to travellers. 

The men were craftsmen, skilled in working with 
leather and with wood. From the beginning Bush Hill 
was known for its industry and for superior products, 
attracting people from a wide area to purchase the 
crafts. The tanning works established by Allen U. 
Tomlinson in 1825 used steam power and was a very 
large operation when it burned in 1845. A new plant 
was built by Tomlinson, English and Company which 
served for many years. 

About 1845 W. C. Petty, D. M. Petty and Moses 
Hammond moved to Bush Hill and opened a business 
engaged in making sashes, doors and other items for 
homes and also in building homes. 

Josiah Tomlinson, second son of William, was an 
expert in leathercraft. He made harnesses, saddles, 
horse collars and other items from leather, including 

Eli Haworth and his sons were respected wagon- 
ers. Before the days of railroads they provided the 
basic means of transportation to markets, taking pro- 
duce to South Carolina, Virginia and Fayetteville. Eli 
also carried settlers to Indiana, making the trip seven 
times. Dressed for the weather in stout boots and a 


long gray coat with a cape of several layers of wool, 
he was away for six months at the time. The covered 
wagons were large and strong and were pulled by six 

The opposition of the Quakers of Bush Hill to slav- 
ery led many members of each family to migrate to 
the western states. They were sympathetic with the 
emancipation of slaves and were members of the 
Manumission Society. When the war came in 186i 
they sought ways of serving their fellow men in trou- 
ble without being involved in actual warfare. 

Allen U. Tomlinson contracted to make shoes at 
three pairs per hand per day for the Confederacy. W. 
C. Petty had invented a machine for making shoe 
pegs and a lathe for turning and making shoe lasts 
which speeded up the making of shoes. Because of 
these inventions and the tannery. Bush Hill became a 
center for the manufacture of shoes during the Civil 

Residents of Bush Hill secured exemption from 
military service by payment of state and Confederate 
fees, by making shoes or by working in the State Salt 
Works near Wilmington. Their faith was tested many 
times when young Quakers were seized for conscrip- 
tion without notice, when some members were 
abused and when they were taunted for cowardice. It 
is ironic that the last official act of the war in Ran- 
dolph County was the mustering out of some of the 
Confederate troops in General Joseph Johnston's 
command in Bush Hill on May 1-2, 1865. The troops 
were undisciplined and weary of the war. They rob- 
bed people in the neighborhood before they left for 

Before 1865 mail for Bush Hill was delivered to 
Bloomington in Guilford County, but that year a post 
office was established at Bush Hill and W. M. Wilson 
was named Postmaster. In 1869 Allen U. Tomlinson 
and Isaac White operated merchant flour and grist 
mills. In addition, there were the Tomlinson Tannery 
and the W. C. Petty Sash and Blind Company in the 
village. Dr. J. M. Tomlinson, son of Allen U. Tom- 
linson, was the local physician from the 1860's until 
his death in 1920. 

Bush Hill was known as a "Beehive of Industry" 
during this period until the railroad drew industry 
away to the new village of High Point which was 
incorporated in 1859. The large tannery; the wood- 
working company of the Pettys and Hammonds; the 
shoemaking establishments of W. M. Wilson, the 
Tomlinsons and Z. I. Linthicum; the saddle and har- 
ness shop of Winston Frazier; the wagon works of 
Blair and Plum; blacksmithing, wheelwrighting and 
building by W. A. Plummer, William Watkins and 
Wilson White; the J. Robert & Company, making 
shuttle blocks, spokes and ax handles kept employ- 
ment high and machinery humming. There were mills 
nearby on the streams, operated by H. H. White, J. 
& D. Lowe, and Riley Miller. 

By 1897 the Archdale Roller Mill Company, Inc.. 
had been established with Jesse Frazier as president 
and George R. Miller as secretary-treasurer. A brick 

and tile company had been established by Tomlinson 
and Andrews, and H. F. Church operated a brick- 
yard. The Tomlinson industries had been consoli- 
dated into the Tomlinson Manufacturing Company, 
Inc. T. M. Hendricks made wagons and operated a 
smithery. Sidney Tomlinson was a merchant. 

The village of Bush Hill was chartered as a munici- 
pality in 1874. Boundaries were one-half mile east 
and west and three-fourths mile north and south from 
the corner where W. C. Petty and Company was lo- 
cated. The first officials were W. M. Wilson, Mayor; 
Commissioners, Alex Wray, J. M. Tomlinson, Moses 
Hammond, E. Winston Frazier and L. W. Burch. 

Residents of Bush Hill had attended Springfield 
Meeting and had sent their children to school there 
until 1876 when some of the families decided to estab- 
lish a school in their own community. Thus, when 
land was deeded for the school by Allen U. Tomlin- 
son, others contributed money for the building which 
was erected that year. Teachers were secured for 
Bush Hill Academy which stayed open until public 
schools were well established in the early 1900's. 

Friends meetings were held at various times on the 
second floor of Winston Frazier's Harness Shop and 
also at the Academy until 1924 when a monthly meet- 
ing separate from Springfield was settled. 

In 1884 A. J. Tomlinson was Mayor and J. R. 
Frazier was County Superintendent of Public 
Schools. In 1896 Allen J. Tomlinson was elected to 
the County Commission and was made Chairman. 
After a meeting of the Commissioners in Asheboro 
on July 2, 1900, he was attending to other business 
before catching the train for Archdale when he was 
killed by a bolt of lightning. 

Archdale was one of the centers for the temper- 
ance movement in the state; in fact, the state society 
was organized at Springfield Meeting in 1831. Lead- 
ership in the society came from Archdale for many 
years when Moses Hammond was state president. In 
1888 the Prohibition Party offered a slate of candi- 
dates for state officers, nominating Hammond for 
Lieutenant Governor. The local society was very ac- 
tive, drawing membership from a large area, strong 
enough in 1884 to support several candidates for 
county offices and to attract much attention even 
though unsuccessful in electing their choices. 

In 1887 the name of the town was changed by legis- 
lative action to Archdale, in honor of John Archdale, 
a Colonial Governor who was a Quaker. Two years 
later the High Point, Randleman and Asheboro Rail- 
road ran a branch line through Archdale, but main- 
line service was needed to serve the industries lo- 
cated there. In time, the industries were moved to 
High Point and many of the employees followed, 
commuting from Archdale or moving to High Point to 

The Mayor in 1897 was W. T. Parker; J. T. White 
was marshal; Commissioners were A.J. Tomlinson, 
J. L. Freeman. Thomas Folwell, Herb Tomlinson 
and W. M. Wilson. J. M. Hayworth was Deputy 
Sheriff. The estimated population was 500. 


Maud Post Office, 1884-1903. 


The business portion of the town of Liberty, 23 
miles down the C. F. & Y. V. road, was destroyed 
by fire last Tuesday night. The town is without any 
protection against fire, but a night watchman is 
employed to guard the place. Before his hour for 
going on duty on the evening mentioned fire was 
discovered in the rear of Banks & Morgan's store, 
and in half an hour the flames had spread to all 
the surrounding buildings. A strong wind was 
blowing at the time and nothing could have stop- 
ped the work of destruction. The losses were as 
follows: S. M. Hornaday livery and sale stable, loss 
on building $800, no insurance. Banks & Morgan, 
general merchandise, loss on stock $7,500, Insur- 
ance $5,500. D. M. Hornaday store building oc- 
cupied by Banks & Morgan, loss $600, no insur- 
ance. Thompson & Bowman, drugs, loss on stock 
$800 no insurance. Post-office building and K. of P 
Hall, owned by West Bros, loss $1,000, no insur- 
ance. The contents of the post office were all de- 
stroyed. The paraphernalia of the lodge was in- 
sured. C.P. Smith, Alliance store, loss on stock 
$1,000, insurance $700. Griffin & Trogdon, gen- 
eral merchandise, loss on building and stock 
$10,000, no insurance. J.W. Wrightsell & Co. mer- 
chandise, loss on stock, one-third of which was 
saved, $2,500. Their building was not insured. 
D.M. Holladay, office and papers, loss $300 no in- 
surance. J.O. Overman, loss on goods in Alliance 
building $1,000, no insurance. Jas. Wright, 
shoemaker, loss on stock and tools in Alliance 
building $100, no insurance. We understand the 
work of rebuilding will begin at an early date. 

From the Greensboro Patriot, Wednesday, Jan. I, 1896. 

NINETEENTH When agriculture 

CENTURY governed the way of 

COMMUNITIES life during the nine- 

teenth century, im- 
portant communities thrived that ceased to exist 
when changes were made in post offices, schools, 
roads and occupations. They are no longer listed on 
maps, but still exist for all those people who once 
knew them well. Their names appear in the appendix 
in the list of post offices. 

There are also community centers which are 
shown in 1979 maps which no longer have post of- 
fices or schools. These are Cheeks, Edgar, Eleazer, 
Flint Hill (Hoyle), Glenola, Jackson Creek, Level 
Cross, Lineberry, Martha, Mechanic, New Hope 
(Academy), Parks Cross Roads, Pinson, Pisgah, 
Ulah, Why Not, Grantville, Melancton, Michfield 
and Red Cross. 

Two other communities reached the peak of their 
growth in the nineteenth century and have a history 
to be shared. New Salem was on the Trading Path 
and was first settled in the late 1700's. In 1816 a town 
was organized there when Benjamin Marmon, Jesse 
Hinshaw, Moses Swaim, Peter Dicks and William 
Dennis were appointed Commissioners. The town 
flourished until industry developed on Deep River 
approximately two miles away. Peter Dicks operated 
a store in New Salem, but also established the grist 
mill on the river. 

Other residents of the village were: William Clark, 
who had a tannery and store and later was manager 
and stockholder in the Union Factory Mill before 
moving to Indiana; Dr. John Milton Worth first 
moved from Montgomery County to New Salem be- 
fore settling in Asheboro; Benjamin Swaim published 
a business periodical there before compiling it into a 
book entitled Man of Business, one of the few Ran- 
dolph County imprints; the Hinshaws operated a 
wool carding business there; Elwood and Samuel 
Lineberry had a buggy and carriage shop; Manleff 
Jarrell operated a store which was the post office and 
the front porch held the election boxes; Jack Ingold 
and his two sons lived in a two-story house which 
was also the hotel or tavern; Frank McCollum was a 
bootmaker; Mark Albertson had a tin shop; Joseph 
Addison Worth was a merchant; Dr. C. W. Woollen 
was the physician; Addie Ingold succeeded Jarrell as 
postmistress; and teachers who were there for vari- 
ous times were Uriah Macy, J. M. Brown, Brantley 
York and William P. Brooks. On election day a Miss 
Davenport sold ginger cakes; Clark Fentress, cider; 
Miles Lamb, whiskey; and farmers brought in prized 
watermelons grown on Muddy Creek in season. 

The Society of Friends settled a meeting in New 
Salem in 1813 which was laid down in 1885 and the 
building was sold to a Methodist Protestant group. 
The New Salem Masonic Lodge was established in 
1859 and was later moved to Randleman. The village 
incorporated a library in 1819. New Salem was still 
an education center with an academy and printing 


press after industry drew business away to Union 
Factory (Randleman). 

New Market, located not far from the original 
county seat of Johnstonville, was settled early in the 
history of the county and was the home of several 
leaders of the new county government. John Bryant, 
William Millikan, Shubal Gardnerand Joseph Newlin 
lived there. John Bryant was shot by David Fanning; 
William Millikan was the first Register of Deeds; 
Shubal Gardner was the owner of the Gardner Inn, 
an important stop on the stagecoach road and later 
the plank road. Joseph Newlin bought the property 
from the Gardners about 1840. There was a post of- 
fice in the village from 1827, but New Market was 
never incorporated. 

The Inn was a very popular place for travellers. 
The "upping block" on which riders could stand for 
assistance in climbing on a horse was on the inn 
grounds. Someone reported that men driving stock to 
market found the fence at the inn "horse high and pig 
tight." The inn was used as a barn in its last years 
and was torn down in the 1950's. New Market began 
declining as a population center when the county seat 
was moved from Johnstonville. 

Stout's Chapel Methodist Church was organized in 1871, one of the first 
churches for black people. Members purchased one and one-half acres 
from Colita Stout for $5.00. Trustees were R. Smith, Sandy Waddell and 
Reuben Letterlough. There is a new church dedicated in 1971. 



m *f 

v' - 


New Market Inn, toll house stop on the Plank Road, later used as a barn. 

A. A. Wall home near Sophia. 

Scene entering the New Salem community. 





Old street scene in New Salem. 

The Caudle family at their home in New Salem. 

Hinshaw home. New Salem. 


The ballad about a poor orphan girl who was 
drowned by her lover in Deep River at Randleman 
in 1808 was handed down by word of mouth until 
around 1880 when two versions were printed. 

One version was published in the Asheboro 
Courier on September 2, 1879, by Howgill Julian. 
The other was published in a pamphlet in 1884 
written by Charlie Vernon, thought by many to be 
the pseudonym of Braxton Craven, President of 
Trinity College. 

Court records provide an account of the arrest 
of Jonathan Lewis and of the action taken follow- 
ing his escape, rearrest and trial. The ballad tells 
the story as it is recorded, but with the embellish- 
ments necessary to make an appealing song. 

The song can be sung to the Early American trad- 
itional tune of How Firm A Foundation or to any 
tune with the same meter, 

People from Randolph County who moved to 
western states carried the ballad with them. As is 
usual in ballad singing, every person who learned 
it adapted the words and the tune to his own pre- 
ferences, so that many versions appeared. Some of 
the titles were "Little Oma Wise," "Poor Naomi." 
"Oma Wise," "Little Omi," "John Lewis," "Poor 
'Omi," or "Poor Neomy." 

The ballad is included in collections of folksongs 
from the Ozarks, the Appalachians, Virginia and 
Florida, as well as from North Carolina. It is also 
in at least two crime books. It has been recorded by 
the Library of Congress in its Folk Music of the 
United States collection and also recorded by 
Folkways Records. It was dramatized by Liz 
Freeman, Vicki Gray and the Randleman Senior 
Girl Scouts for the Bicentennial in 1976. 

Thus it is, therefore, that Randolph County can 
claim that at least one ballad in the collection of 
American ballads originated here. 


NEWSPAPERS One newspaper began publica- 

tion in Asheboro in 1876 which 
has had a long life. Marmaduke S. Robins published 
the Randolph Regulator, changed the name to 
Asheboro Courier and sold it to James Crocker in 
1878. After several brief ownerships and editorships, 
the paper was purchased in 1891 by W. C. Hammer 
and Wiley Rush. By 1893 Hammer was the sole 
owner and remained publisher and editor until his 
death in 1930, after which Mrs. Hammer was pub- 
lisher until 1938. In that year it was purchased by 
Roy Cox who combined it with the Tribune. 

Other newspapers came and went during the 
period before 1900. In Asheboro these were pub- 
lished. Christian Sun. Randolph Argus, 1895-1900; in 
Bush Hill North Carolina Prohibitionist, 1883-1885; 
Prohibition Leader, 1886; in Liberty. Register, 
1898-1900; in Randleman. the Political Broada.xe, 
1890-1897; Randolph Herald, 1890-1894, when it was 
merged with the Asheboro Courier; in Trinity, North 
Carolina Home Journal, 1897-1898; in Trinity Col- 
lege, Country Life, 1890-1892; North Carolina Edu- 
cational Journal, 1881-1886; Trinity Archive, 1887- 
1892. Several other student newspapers were started 
at Trinity College, but they had short lives. 

Newspaper editors of the day made no effort to 
remain neutral. National news was copied from other 
papers or wire services, community news items were 
to the point and usually written in a gracious manner, 
but editorials were the special domain of the editor. 
He took one side of the issues of interest to him, 
sometimes on a political party line, sometimes not, 
and used all the adjectives and adverbs in his vocab- 
ulary to denounce his foes or praise his friends. 

GOVERNMENT County government continued 
under the colonial-state system 
of county courts until the new constitution was ap- 
proved in 1868, three years after the war. Elections 
of the years 1860-1868 were affected by the division 
between those pro-Union and those pro- 
Confederacy. At first, voters returned to the General 
Assembly men they had been electing in the past few 
years; by 1864 they chose a whole new slate which 
was entirely pro-Union and for peace. In the elec- 
tions of 1865 and 1866 when Jonathan Worth ran for 
governor, Randolph County voted against him both 
times, apparently believing he had "sold out" to the 
pro-Confederate side. The other counties in the state 
elected him to office. 

The state Constitution of 1868 caused substantial 
changes to be made in local government. The court 
system was removed from local jurisdiction and 
placed under a state system of courts: Supreme 
Court (state); Superior Court (county); and special 
courts (towns and cities). The executive, legislative 
and judicial duties were separated. Administration of 
county government was assigned to five commis- 
sioners, a treasurer, a register of deeds and a sur- 
veyor. Each county was to be divided into town- 

ships. No longer would the county court appoint the 
town commissioners, for each municipality would 
receive a charter from the state. 

Taxes were to be uniform and universal suffrage 
for men qualifying as to residency only was permitted 
for the first time. It forbade slavery and contained a 
bill of rights. It provided for separate but equal 
schools for the races and for compulsory education. 
It also provided that no one who had fought in a duel 
may hold office! There have been several amend- 
ments to this Constitution but it has not been rewrit- 
ten as of 1979. 

The first members of the General Assembly 
elected after 1868 were Enos T. Blair and Joel 
Ashworth. both having been previously elected in 
1864. The county was placed in a senatorial district 
with Montgomery County and did not have a resident 
Senator until 1870 when John M. Worth was elected. 

The sheriff elected in 1868 was R. F. Trogdon, a 
Republican. The first County Commissioners were 
B. A. Sellers. Chairman. Obed Osborne. J. A. Blair, 
J. H. Johnson and John Robbins. B. B. Bulla was 
elected Clerk of Superior Court; W. R. Ashworth. 
Register of Deeds; and W. A. Brown, Treasurer. 

John Milton Worth was elected State Treasurer in 
1876 when Governor Vance was elected for another 
term. The Federal troops were also removed that 
year and state government became more normal. 
Worth served until 1885. 

In 1897 County officials were: Clerk of Superior 
Court. J. M. Millikan; Commissioners, J. E. Walker 
(Chairman). B. W. Steed. O. R. Cox; Register of 
Deeds. T. J. Winslow; Sheriff, G. G. Hendricks; 
Treasurer, J. S. Swaim; Jailor, T. S. Ferree: and Su- 
perintendent of Health. T. T. Ferree. 

The twentieth century was at hand. With it would 
come many changes. 

Depot Street (Sunset Avenue) in Asheboro. 

-I ' 


. 4 

Fayetteville Street, Asheboro, ca. 1900, showing the new Bank of Randolph with W.J. Armfield, Jr., Cashier, and J.D. Ross standingin the doorway; and 
the W.D. Stedman and Company store, with WD. Stedman at left. 




ASHEBORO, N.C., Dec. 30 - Fire originated here 
to day in Boyette & Richardson's drug store. The 
buildings burned were Boyette & Richardson's 
drug store, J.L. Brit tain's law office. Burns' Hotel, 
W. F. Moragne's jewelry store, E. A. Moffitt's store 
and the Argus newspaper office. There was no in- 
surance except on the drug store stock and on 
Moffitt's store house. The others are a complete 
loss, except Brittain & Sapp's, The Library, part of 
the drug store stock and part of the furniture of 
the hotel were saved by the most heroic efforts. 

The store of W. P. Wood & Co., the court house, 
J. A. Black's residence, N. H. Stack's (Slack's) res- 
idence, the law offices of J. A. Blair, Wm. C. 
Hammer, Geo S. Bradshaw, Wiley Rush and M. S. 
Robins were saved. 

Twenty five thousand will cover the loss. 

Among the losers by fire at Asheboro was E. N. 
Stout, a former valued employee of this office. His 
job printing office was destroyed, with no insur- 
ance. We regret to hear of his misfortune. 
From the Greensboro Patriot, Wednesday, January 1, 1896. 

Ross and Rush Livery Stable located on Salisbury and Main Streets before 
the Court House was moved. 

Central Hotel, 1894-1953; a home before 1890. 



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48 a 




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a io 

BattS Stt&et 

1875 - 1888 

a 44 



Drawn by Frances Porter Hubbard 
Key by Dr. Sidney Swaim Robins 

1. Old Court House 

2. J. Addison Blair 

3. Benjamin Moffitt Store 

4. Dr. John M. Hancock home 

5. Trogdon-Bums Hotel 

6. Small house later added to Burns Hotel 

7. Courier Office 

8. W.H. Moring, Sr., home — old John Hill place 

9. Alfred H. Marsh — Marmaduke Robins home 

10. Robins barn 

11. Colonel William Moore home 

12. Governor Worth home 

13. Oscar L. Sapp home 

14. Crowson home 

15. Dr. J.M. Worth — A.C. McAlister home 

16. McCain home and Post Office 

17. A.M. Diffee home 

18. Marmaduke Robins law office 

19. Hoover Hotel 

20. W.P. Wood & Co. 

21. Jail 

22. Dr. J.J. Hamlin 

23. Ross and Rush Livery Stable 

24. McAlister and Morris Store 

25. Tysor Millinery Store 

26. Hardy Brown Saddle Shop 

27. Benjamin Moffitt — W.P. Wood home 

28. House owned by Jonathan Worth Estate 

29. L.D. Burkhead home 

30. Bolivar Bulla home 

31. E.B. Kearns home 

32. Arch Dicks home 

33. Presnell-Steed home 

34. Barney Bums home 

35. Presnell Wagon Works 

37. Worth-McAlister barn 

38. J.T. Crocker home 

39. Presbyterian Church 

40. Shop 

41. Henry B. Elliott home 

42. William Gluyas home 

43. Male Academy grounds 

44. Tom Hoover home 
46. Levin Woollen home 

48. David W. Porter home 

49. W.H. Moring, Jr., home 

52. Frank Hoover home 

53. Nancy Hoover home 

54. Female Academy 

55. Methodist Church 
A P.H. Morris home 
B Old muster field 

C J. Frank Burkhead home 

D Tan Yard 

F Hoover-Jolly home 

G Eugenia Tysor home 

H Redding home 

I J.R. Bulla home 



TWENTIETH CENTURY This county greeted 
OVERVIEW the new century with 

hope and enthusiasm. Railroad service had brought 
the development of new industry, farmers' problems 
were easing and economic conditions in general were 
more stable. The population had reached a total of 
28,232, four times that of 1800. 

Municipalities were providing or had under con- 
sideration new services available for the first time: 
electric power, telephone, and water and sewer. En- 
couraged by Governor Aycock's crusade for better 
educational opportunities, the county was seeking 
ways of improving schools and constructing roads by 
which to reach schools as well as markets. 

Someone has said that from the beginning of time 
to the twentieth century man could move no faster 
than a horse could run. This was true for Randolph 
County. Even though inventions had created a trans- 
portation and industrial revolution, the average per- 
son did not feel the effects of these changes at once. 
By 1910, however, the automobile was appearing in 
the county and making changes occur. The first au- 
tomobiles had low horsepower engines, thin tires, 
and stubborn starters turned by cranks, but they had 
a fascination for all who saw them. Before 1920 the 
demand was great and many cars were braving the 
poor roads. 

The desire to drive these cars in comfort brought 
an interest in having municipal streets improved or 
paved. As soon after World War I as it was possible, 
streets in the centers of the communities were paved 
and paving was gradually extended to other areas. 
Sidewalks were also found to be necessary for relief 
from mud and dust and for protection from the new 
"horseless carriage." 

Not only did the automobile have an effect on 
streets, but the fever grew for better roads and major 
state highways. North Carolina appointed a State 
Highway Commission in 1915 and undertook a 
"Good Roads" program in 1921 which included a 
bond issue of $50,000,000 for a network of paved 
roads to the one hundred county seats. This program 
when completed about 1928 opened up the state for 
travel that had been heretofore impossible. In 1931 
during the Depression the state took over the 
maintenance of highways, both primary and sec- 
ondary, as well as the construction of new highways. 

After better highways became the rule, manufac- 
turers made cars more comfortable, added self- 
starters, horsepower, heaters and safety glass win- 
dows. They also made them heavier, longer, larger 
and lower, and added automatic gear shifts. Later 

they installed radios, stereos, air-conditioning and 
other luxuries. Not only cars became necessities, 
especially in places where mass transportation was 
not available, but trucks replaced the railroads in 
transporting many of the materials of business and 

After World War I and Lindbergh's solo flight to 
France in 1927, aviation interests made a bid for ac- 
ceptance as carriers of passengers, mail and cargo. 
The place of air travel was made secure by World 
War II. As of 1979 planes have almost superseded 
ships and railroads in passenger service and are stiff 
competition to trucks in shipments of freight. 

On the farms tractors began to replace horses and 
mules as the workhorses. The first tractors were 
small and simple machines, using little gasoline and 
having little power, but farm equipment is now large, 
complicated and highpowered, drinking gasoline or 
diesel fuel. With the new equipment a few men can 
do more work in less time than once was done by 
several men, aided by family members, teams of 
animals and homemade tools. 

Today's construction methods would be impossi- 
ble without the bulldozers and earthmovers; industry 
would be lost without the forklift. Some say these 
machines won World War II; it is certain that they 

Electricity brought changes to homes which revo- 
lutionized the way people lived. Families replaced 
dependence on a fireplace in each room with central 
heating; the wash tub and the wash pot in the yard 
with the washing machine; the clothes line with the 
drier; the sad iron with the electric iron; the wood 
range with the electric range and later with electric 
appliances of all kinds — or with the microwave 
oven; the handbeater with an electric mixer and sev- 
eral special aids in cookery, including the latest food 
processor; the ice box and the iceman with his wagon 
with the electric refrigerator and freezer; candles or 
gas lights with electric lights; the music box to be 
cranked by hand with stereo, radio or television; the 
grandfather clock with the electric clock complete 
with alarm and radio. 

The development of synthetic materials also made 
a difference in life styles. Plastics replaced metal, 
wood, earthenware and leather in items for the home, 
industry, commerce, transportation, recreation and 
all other aspects of living. Beginning with rayon and 
nylon, synthetics have made possible the creation of 
new designs and uses of clothing. Care of clothing is 
wholly different from that practiced in the years be- 
fore 1940, for the washable, non-wrinkable materials 
have all but eliminated many chores once part of 

The electronics age stimulated by World War II 
has brought the computer to financial institutions, 
industrial plants, government offices, schools, hospi- 
tals, libraries and all other agencies large enough to 
make application of it to their processes feasible. The 


first computers were bulky and huge; the latest are 
compact, easier to use, and are capable of far more 
operations in a shorter time than the original prod- 
ucts. New developments in size and in processes 
have come faster in electronic equipment than in any 
other inventions to date and there is promise of more 
to come. Computers are now available for home use 
and will be marketed extensively within a few years. 

All of these changes were welcome until about 
1970 when an awareness began to develop that the 
demand for energy to produce electricity was greater 
than the presently available supply. Now the search 
is on to discover sources of energy for the twentieth 
century way of life. 

Money as a means of exchange replaced bartering 
as the century unfolded. Banks and other financial 
institutions, such as Savings and Loan Associations, 
were needed to serve as depositories and as expedit- 
ers of funds. Borrowing from banks in order to obtain 
necessities or luxuries and arranging with stores to 
purchase items by installments or lay-away became 
common procedures in the 1920's. By 1979 install- 
ment plans had been refined to plastic credit cards 
which many people are using for financial transac- 
tions instead of cash or bank checks. 

One of the most radical changes in the customs of 
the people of the county was the creation after World 
War II of the "week-end" by the introduction of the 
40-hour, 5-day work week. The week is now divided 
into two parts for most families: Monday through 
Friday afternoon for school or work; Friday night to 
Sunday night for personal use. Even those persons 
who are in employment where work on Saturday is 
necessary are aware of its effect on the way people 
separate their lives. One devout Baptist commented 
that she had hoped that people would use the au- 
tomobile and Saturdays to prepare for Sundays, but 
this was not always the practice. Within her memory 
was the time when people worked six days a week 
and walked to church. 

The freeing of time for leisure has brought a new 
dimension to living in that the emphasis on sports and 
recreation has magnified. Recreation has become a 
business within itself to supply the needs of those 
who engage in the leisure-time activities. Randolph 
County"s central location enables people to make 
frequent visits to the mountains or the coast as well 
as to the surrounding cities and colleges in the Pied- 
mont for special events. 

As if the greatest scientific discoveries and me- 
chanical inventions in the history of mankind were 
not enough for the generations living in the twentieth 
century. World War I, the Great Depression, World 
War II, the Korean War and the War in Vietnam 
brought pressures and developments of other dimen- 
sions. People in the county were caught up in all of 
these major emergencies. 

The Supreme Court decision on segregation in the 
public schools in 1954 and the Civil Rights Acts of 
1965 brought adjustments in school districts and in 

On the way to the field with wagon, mule and plow. 

Lassiter's Mill Covered Bridge, 1933. 

Gas tank at Jackson Creek. 


Latest thing in convertibles, ca. 1920. 

On South Fayetteville Street, Asheboro, ca. 1915. 

Mass transportation, ca. 1920. 




other areas of public life. 

The new inventions brought the world closer to 
people of this county. First, motion pictures brought 
information and a new kind of entertainment after 
theaters were opened. Then radio brought national 
programs enjoyed by young and old alike. Visits to 
the crossroads store for news have been made un- 
necessary by electronic instruments in each home 
which broadcast news "on the hour"' and provide all 
kinds of information and entertainment. Following 
the space voyage to the moon in 1969, satellites have 
added more depth to all programs instantaneously. 
The railroad, the automobile and the plane have car- 
ried people to places on this continent and to the 
outermost parts of the world. The men and women 
who have been members of the Armed Services have 
become acquainted with many new places and large 
corporations are sending representatives overseas. 

There is quite a difference between communication 
today and that of even sixty years ago. It is impossi- 
ble to be as isolated in today's world as were the 
generations before 1900. 

TOWNSHIPS Before 1868 the county was divided 
into militia districts which bore the 
names of the captains of the militia. The Captains 
supervised the listing of taxes, all elections, and mili- 
tary duties. 

The 1868 constitution abolished these districts and 
created townships which were given corporate pow- 
ers. The townships were administered by a board 
composed of a clerk and two justices of the peace 
who were elected by popular vote for two-year 
terms. The board was in control of taxes, finances, 
roads and bridges, etc. Other township officials in- 
cluded a school committee and a constable. 

It was soon evident that duplication of the au- 
thority and responsibilities assigned to townships and 
the county produced an unworkable system. In 1876 
the General Assembly retained the townships as sub- 
divisions of the county, but took away their adminis- 
trative powers. Other changes were made over the 
years, so that today no officials are elected by town- 
ships. The townships as geographical units provide 
election precincts, tax districts and census tracts. 

The 1870 census which was the first one following 
the creation of townships includes 16 townships: 
Asheboro, Back Creek, Brower. Columbia, Con- 
cord, Franklinsville, Grant, Liberty, New Hope, 
New Market, New Salem, Pleasant Grove, Richland, 
Tabernacle, Trinity and Union. J. A. Blair made the 
survey and probably suggested the names of the 

By 1880 Asheboro and Randleman Townships had 
been added in the central portion from the center 
northward in order to identify the county's two 
largest population areas. The name of the original 
Asheboro Township was changed to Cedar Grove, 
making a total of 18 townships. 





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Township Map 1868; surveyor, J. A. 
Blair; the sixteen original townships. 

Township Map 1979; twenty townships 
with city limits of incorporated towns 

Miners working underground. 

Shepherd Mountain. 
Mt. Shepherd Pottery Dig, 1975. 

By 1890 New Salem Township had been renamed 
Providence. In 1903 Pleasant Grove was renamed 
Coleridge and the part of Brower east of Deep River 
was named Pleasant Grove. In 1914 Level Cross was 
added from the portions of New Market and Provi- 
dence Townships lying between Deep River and Pole 
Cat Creek which were water barriers. These changes 
resulted in the 20 townships which exist today. 

Township names were taken from various sources 
using names already familiar to the people residing in 
each one. The Asheboro, Coleridge, Columbia, Lib- 
erty, New Salem, Franklinsville, New Market, Level 
Cross and Randleman Townships were named for 
places within their boundaries. Back Creek and Rich- 
land were named for creeks. Cedar Grove is iden- 
tified with the tree which decorates its hillsides. Trin- 
ity was named for Trinity College. Grant and Union 
are names for which no accurate sources have been 
found. Providence was named for a Friends Meeting; 
Concord, New Hope and Tabernacle, for Methodist 
churches; and Pleasant Grove, for a Christian 
Church. Brower is a family name. 

Seven of the townships have incorporated 
municipalities located within their boundaries: 
Asheboro, Columbia (2), Franklinville, Liberty, 
Randleman, Richland and Trinity. 

Each of the four quadrants of the county has char- 
acteristics of its own. Because of the differences in 
topography, relationships to adjoining counties, eco- 
nomic conditions identified with the area and popula- 
tion trends, it is possible to delineate the "four cor- 

In the northwestern section of the county there are 
the townships of Trinity, New Market, Tabernacle 
and Back Creek. 

The Uwharrie Mountains cover a large portion of 
the land area, but there is some excellent farm land 
on the Uwharrie River and the Caraway, Back and 
Muddy Creeks. The Indian Trading Path led from 
New Salem south of Caraway Mountain to Painted 
Springs. The Salem-Fayetteville Road was routed 
through New Market and Trinity. Deep River crosses 
New Market Township. 

Early settlers in this section came primarily from 
Pennsylvania through Virginia or from South 
Carolina. Men living there were farmers, millers and 
artisans until industry created other occupations. 

Gold mining was important to these townships 
throughout the 1900's. Numerous abandoned mine 
shafts are found by hikers and others in the woods 
which have grown up around the old mines. 

With the completion of the railroad from High 
Point to Asheboro in 1889, Progress, Edgar, Glenola 
and Sophia became centers for shipping lumber and 
wood products. Cedar Square is now a center for 
farming, dairy products and horticultural nurseries. 

Trinity Township was the location of the Fairview 
Park, an estate covering 2,300 acres owned by Wil- 


Sophia School House. 

Exterior of Miller's Mill. 

Dairy Farm at Cedar Square. 

Interior of Miller's Mill. 


In 1896 William Gould Brokaw, grandson of Jay 
Gould, bought 2,300 acres in Trinity and Taberna- 
cle Townships and leased 30,000 more acres for 
hunting privileges. He built a Manor House with 
fifteen bedrooms for guests and all the stables, 
kennels, maintenance buildings needed for provid- 
ing comfort and pleasure, and named his property 
Fairview Park. He visited the estate until after 
World War I when he turned it into a club for men 
who could pay $25 a day for lodging and hunting 
rights. After the Manor House burned in 1922, 
Brokaw started selling the land. The last deed 
recorded was entered in 1935. 


Delivering milk the old way. 

Wheat threshing with an early machine. 

Julian Railroad Station. 

Ham Gould Brokaw, grandson of Jay Gould, from 
1896 to the late I920's. 

These four townships are among those making 
greater gains in population than others because of the 
numbers of people moving south from Guilford 
County. Their scenic beauty and available land have 
made living there desirable. 

Of the four townships in the northeastern quad- 
rant, Providence is the only one without an incorpo- 
rated town. The others are Liberty, Columbia and 

The area was settled during the twenty-five years 
before the Revolution by German, English and 
Scotch-Irish colonists. The Indian Trading Path cross- 
ed from Julian to New Salem. The Salem-Cross 
Creek Road joined Crafford Road near Buffalo Ford 
and turned west while Crafford Road ran north and 
met the Trading Path south of McGee's Ordinary. 

This portion of the county has excellent farm land 
with rolling hills and patches of sandy soil combined 
with the clay. The nursery at Julian operated by the 
Gilmore family for fifty years is an example of one 
use of the productive soil. 

Also in this section there was a pyrophyllite mine 
near Staley which was a profitable business for many 
years before it closed. 

Deep River sweeps through Franklinville and Col- 
umbia Townships and has made possible the de- 
velopment of industry in those two governmental un- 
its. The manufacturing towns along the river caused 
the largest percentage of the population in this 
county to be located in the northeast section for more 
than 100 years. 

The Cape Fear and Yadkin Valley railroad opened 
up all this land for business purposes beginning in 
1884. Passenger service on the "Shoofly" was dis- 
continued on April 30, 1939, but for Fifty years the 
railroad provided better transportation than the 
highways and was a boon to the residents of these 

J. P. Morgan, Jr., of New York purchased hunting 
property near Climax on the Randolph-Guilford 
County line about 1914 and visited the lodge often 
until 1943. 

History touched this area especially during the 
time of the Regulators and the Revolution. During 
the Civil War and the two World Wars the mills were 
all working at full capacity to supply goods for the 
armed services. 

The steady growth in the northeast over the years 
is now increasing at a more rapid rate because of new 
families moving in from the "'Piedmont Crescent." 

In the southwestern corner of the county are four 
townships in which there are no incorporated 
municipalities: Concord, New Hope, Cedar Grove 
and Union. They were settled by English and Ger- 
man families several years before the county was 


Sawmill near Staley. 

Gray's Chapel Methodist Church. 

Providence homestead. 

White's Chapel School House. 

Deep River at Ramseur. 

North State Nursery, 1947. 

.- y ^- 

y. * ,--_. 


Hikers with Joe Moffitt on the Uwharrie Trail. 

Longtime resident of Strieby, Arthur Hill 

Trotter's Saw Mill, Cedar Grove. 

formed. Early roads in this section were the Moore 
Road running north and south from Anson County to 
Guilford Court House, and the Burney Road con- 
structed by 1795 which ran east and west and joined 
the Salem to Fayetteville Road. Hill's Store on the 
Moore Road was a mail stop as early as 1780 when 
mail was delivered on horseback. Pisgah was a stage 
coach stop on the Burney Road. 

From the beginning this land has been used for 
agricultural purposes and there are no large indus- 
tries in the area. The Uwharrie River and its 
tributaries made possible several grist and saw mills, 
a few of which were in operation recently. 

During the depression years of the 1930's many 
farms were deserted, leaving large areas uninhabited. 
The United States government began purchasing 
some of this land for the Uwharrie National Forest in 
1934. The part of the Forest which includes Birkhead 
Mountain is now being set aside for a wilderness 
area. A trail through the Forest has been marked by 
the Uwharrie Trail Club and Boy Scout Troop #570 
under the leadership of Joseph T. Moffitt. Hikers and 
others who have been in the forests, not only in this 
section but throughout the county, have noted the 
large number of deserted mill dams which have been 
filled up with silt, leaving a record of the many grist 
mills upon which people depended not too many 
years ago. 

Near Andrew Balfour's former plantation in Cedar 
Grove Township are located the Asheboro Municipal 
Airport and the Southwestern Senior High School. 

John Mitchell of Trenton, New Jersey, bought land 
in Concord Township near Jackson Creek in 1912 
and erected a seven-room lodge he named Tip Top. 
He leased land nearby for hunting. Mr. Mitchell 
spent a great deal of time in the county and was a 
beneficial citizen. He added a room to the Piney 
Grove two-room school and paid the salary of the 
extra teacher. During the depression years he gave 
work to many people in the area who otherwise 
would have had little income. He died in the Ran- 
dolph Hospital in 1950. The lodge burned in 1953. 

As the population is increasing in this section in- 
stead of declining, new residents are moving in, 
changing the pattern set fifty years ago. 

The southeastern quadrant has one township with 
an incorporated municipality: Richland. The other 
townships are Grant, Coleridge. Brower and Pleasant 
Grove. There have been changes in these townships 
over the years because of the geography. In 1903 the 
people east of Deep River in Brower Township re- 
quested a new township because they were cut off 
from voting places by the river. There were no 
bridges. This new township was granted and was 
given the name of Pleasant Grove because the name 
was identified with the area. The name of the original 
Pleasant Grove Township was changed to Coleridge. 

Deep River influenced the way of life as it flowed 
through there to Moore County. The Searceys, and 


' f.Vj^f 





Vuncannon house in Cedar Grove. 

Parker Mill Bridge, Concord Township. 

Lassiter's Mill, New Hope Township. 

Dr. C.C. Hubbard home in Farmer. 

«*££Ff&* figs - £ ! 



Snaking logs 

Kearns farm in Cedar Grove Township 


Auman sawmill, 1912 

Farm in Brower Township. 


Many recall that it was at Why Not they saw 
their first automobile. Someone from Randleman 
had driven it down for the event. Horses that were 
tied in the shade of trees broke loose and went 
astray, running into tents and making general 
havoc. But soon all was righted when the vehicle 
was parked some distance away. 
From Auman, Dorothy and Walter. Seagrove Area, 1976. p. 14 


How did Why Not get its name? The story is that so 
many people said, "Why not name it this?" - or 
"Why not name it that?" when it was time to 
choose a name for the post office that the resi- 
dents settled on WHY NOT. 

later the Waddles (Waddells), operated a ferry over 
the river near the county line from 1780 to 1880. The 
Salem-Cross Creek Road entered the county at 
Spinks Mill, ran north through Coleridge and turned 
west in order to meet the Trading Path near 

People moved into this section from Moore and 
Chatham Counties and also from the eastern part of 
the state before the county was formed. Farming and 
related occupations were and still are the major eco- 
nomic enterprises, although since 1880 residents 
have been able to find employment in cotton mills in 
Coleridge and in surrounding counties. 

Brower Township was named for Alfred Brower 
who owned a mill on Fork Creek and acquired large 
tracts of land. He was the first postmaster at Brow- 
er's Mills upon appointment in 1828. The post office 
was in his store at the mill. 

This section was affected by the raids of David 
Fanning in Revolutionary days. During the Civil War 
outliers found refuge in the caves and forests. 

Pottery making was a craft practiced by members 
of the Cole, Craven, Fox, Chrisco, Luck, Owens, 
Wrenn, Sugg and Teague families and others. Potters 
carried their wares by wagon to Fayetteville, Virginia 
and South Carolina. There was a great demand for 
earthenware for homes until "china" and metal re- 
placed cooking utensils and tableware. The "little 
brown jug" was also in demand until 1903 when the 
state stopped licensing distilleries outside of cities. 
After that so many potters found other occupations 
that pottery making almost became a lost art. The 
ones that continued turned to designing pottery that 
would add beauty to homes, using the traditional pat- 
terns. There are today 11 "traditional" potteries in 
the Seagrove area which is known far and wide as a 
center for the craft. There are also studio potters 
establishing shops in the county. 

The North Carolina Zoological Park and Botanical 
Gardens was located in Grant Township at Purgatory 
Mountain in 1971. Coleridge has been nominated for 
the National Register of Historic Sites as a nine- 
teenth century industrial site which should be pre- 
served. These two attractions added to the pottery 
center are bringing many visitors from this state, 
other states and other countries to southeastern Ran- 
dolph County. 

The three townships in the middle from center to 
the northern boundary are Asheboro, Randleman 
and Level Cross. Level Cross is the only one without 
an incorporated municipality. These townships are 
rather long and narrow in comparison with the other 
townships and they were all formed from the 16 orig- 
inal townships. 

Also, all three are divided by Highway 220 which 
once was routed through the towns. Now the four- 
lane bypass is completed from Level Cross to five 
miles below Asheboro and work is under way on the 
section from Level Cross to Greensboro. 


The community of Level Cross grew around the 
Level Cross Methodist Protestant Church which was 
established in 1838. Branson's Mill was nearby on 
Pole Cat Creek; New Salem was a trading center. 
Bransons, Hocketts, Beesons, Fields, Stantons, 
Swaims, Lambs, Vickreys, Dennises and others 
lived in the neighborhood in 1820. Today Hocketts, 
Adamses, Toomes, Beesons, Coltranes, Fields, 
Clodfelters, Pettys and others make Level Cross 
their home. The Pettys have made Level Cross 
known throughout the world because of NASCAR 
racing successes. 

Randleman Township includes New Salem and 
Worthville as well as the City of Randleman. 

Asheboro Township includes the City of Asheboro 
which in 1970 merged with North Asheboro and ex- 
tended thereby the municipal boundaries to cover 
11.22 square miles. 

Wrenn's General Store, Brower Township. 


. ' 

it i i 1 1. 

.• -: 

Court House under construction and as it looked in 1912. 


GOVERNMENT With the rapid changes in living 
standards and habits and with 
the increase in population came the necessity for 
more government services. In addition to improving 
roads and schools, county government began adding 
personnel to assist with the new programs. 

The first to be added was a Farm Agent, made 
possible by cooperation with the state and federal 
programs in the Agricultural Extension Service. This 
office was established in 1917. 

Next, public health became a concern beyond the 
attention heretofore received from a physician ap- 
pointed by the County Commissioners to "look af- 
ter" the health of the residents of the County Home, 
the inmates of the jail and the public in case of an 
epidemic. The first County Health Officer was ap- 
pointed in 1927. 

The depression and the new programs for the care 
of those who were in need brought about the estab- 
lishment of a Welfare Department in 1937. Until then 
welfare had been part of the duties of the Superinten- 
dent of Schools. 

In 1938 agricultural organizations requested that a 
Home Agent be employed and the Commissioners 
granted their request, adding the first Home Demon- 
stration Agent to the Agricultural Extension Office. 
Long before this, the State Home Agent, Mrs. Jane 
McKimmon, had promoted in 1914 the organization 
of "Tomato Clubs" for girls who would grow and can 
tomatoes and "Corn Clubs" for boys who would 
grow corn on a competitive basis. 

In 1940 the General Assembly appropriated funds 
to assist counties in establishing county library ser- 
vice. Randolph County Commissioners appointed a 
County Library Board in September and later the 
Board employed the first County Librarian and 
purchased the first bookmobile for service to rural 

All of these offices were established on meager 
budgets. They have grown with the county as the 
population increased and the needs multiplied. 

The Court House is the center of county govern- 
ment activities. The present building is the seventh 
headquarters for the county. It was built in 1908-1909 
on the cornfield purchased from Colonel A.C. 
McAlister for $1400 to accomodate the offices and 
courtroom needed at that time. Citizens purchased 
the land and gave it to the county, for the county had 
no money for this endeavor. The location was be- 
tween the old center of town on Main Street and the 
area nearer the railroad that was destined to become 
the center. Several citizens lent the $34,000 needed 
for the building and were repaid later. The Commis- 
sioners, W.J. Armfield, Jr., in particular, supervised 
the work and employed J.M. Allred of Randleman as 
carpenter foreman and Ed Frazier as brick foreman. 
The finest bricks available were purchased for the 
exterior and readymade trimmings were used. Plans 
called for a building modeled after other houses in the 


state of which the county could be proud, but pride 
was balanced with usefulness, practicality and 
economy. It is still serving the county well. 

Two court houses were used at Johnstonville; five 
were built in Asheboro. The first one in Asheboro 
was a log cabin; the second, a two-story frame house 
(1805); the third one was of brick ( 1830), but because 
of a fault in the brick, it was torn down; the fourth 
( 1835) stood in the intersection of Main and Salisbury 

Two additions have been made to the 1909 Court 
House on Worth Street, one in 1950-1951 and another 
in 1970-1971. Voters in March 1978 approved another 
addition to be built in 1980. 

The bricks in the 1835 Court House which was torn 
down in 1914 were used to build the foundations for 
the present jail, which replaced the old jail and stocks 
on Salisbury Street. It was a two-story frame house 
with cells upstairs and with quarters for the jailer 
downstairs and was located on the south side of the 
street near the square. The present jail was enlarged 
and remodeled in 1961. 

At the time the Court House was built seven 
lawyers in Asheboro pooled their funds, purchased a 
strip of land (40' x 150') adjoining the Court House 
for $1300 and erected the offices known as 
"Lawyers' Row," still in use today. After the build- 
ings were completed the owners drew straws to de- 
termine how the rooms would be divided. 

Soon after the new Court House was open for 
business a young lady named Minnie Hoover became 
court reporter and began a career in which she was to 
serve the court for over fifty years. She had learned 
shorthand from the first teacher of the subject in the 
county, Miss Mattie Porter, and had taught herself 
typing. "Miss Minnie," as she was known to 
everyone, retired in 1963. 

The Agricultural Building adjoining the Court 
House and in use since 1938 by the Agricultural Ex- 
tension Service was built with PWA funds available 
during the depression years. 

The Health Department moved from the basement 
of the Court House in 1954 to a building on North 
Cox Street constructed with a grant from Hill-Burton 

The County Library headquarters which had been 
located in the Welfare Department Clothing Closet 
moved to the rooms vacated by the Health Depart- 
ment to stay until 1964 when the new Asheboro Pub- 
lic Library was opened on Worth Street. 

The Welfare Department (now Department of So- 
cial Services) located then in the basement of the 
Agricultural Building was moved in 1970 to the Cent- 
ral School building on Watkins Street which was no 
longer being used for a school. 

In 1973 the County Commissioners purchased the 
Frank Auman property next to the Court House to 


Health Department building under construction, 1953-1954. 

provide offices for the County Board of Education 
which had outgrown the remodeled offices in the 
basement of the Agricultural Building and the Court 

The County has added in cooperation with the 
State Forestry Services a county unit of this service 
and in cooperation with the state Civil Defense a 
Civil Preparedness Office. It also maintains a Veter- 
ans Service Office in cooperation with the federal 

With the aid of state grants and contributions of 
funds and services the county set up the Mental 
Health Center in 1966 to provide clinical services for 
adults and children who need professional care and 
treatment. In 1975 the Center moved to a new build- 
ing on Academy and Cox Streets. 


Confederate Monument. 

Program for Dedication, 1911. 


Carolina 1 Carolina I Heaven's 
. biraalnita attend her, 
< Whg- we live we will cherish, 

protect and defend her, 
I Tii.)' the acoroar may anoor at. 

and willing da fa me her, 
I Vei ..ur hearU awell with glad- 

I Whenever we name her. 


l Hurrahl Hurrahl The old North 
Si ale forever: 
Hurrahl Hurrahl The good old 
N.-nh Slate. 

Thu' aheenvlet not others their 

merited glory, 
S.i> whose name stands foremoal 

in lilxrty'i slory; 
Tim' itMj true to herself e'er to 

. '"■!■ t. u> upprvasion. 
Wii»rnn yield to just ruloa mure 

l"tal *ubmlnsion. 


1'lain and artltaa ara bar aoni. 

whii-e doom open faster 
To the knock of the atranger or 

talo of disaster; 
How like to the rudencatof their 

di'ar native mountains, 
Who rit-h ore In their boaorni 

■net life In their fountain*. 



Then let alt wlio love UR, love the 

land thru we live In, 
Aa happy a reHlon ni on thin 

aldo of henven, 

Where plenty and freedom, love 
rr.d peace smile before un 

Ralae aloud, raise togulhar, tho 
heart ihriliinc chorui 

My country 'tin of thee, 
Sweet land of liberty, 

Of thee I nn„. : . 
Land where my fathers died, 
Land of tho Pilgrim's pride, 
Prom every mountain side 

Let freedom rln* 
My native country thee, 
Land of the nohlc free. 

Thy name I love; 
I love thy rocks nnd rills, . 
Thy woods rind l< 'in pled hills; 
My heart with rnptura thrills 

Like that nlmve 

l,et music swell thu hnwe, 
And rinn from nil the tree* 

Sweet freedum'M Honir, 
Let mortal towcium tiw.ike, 
Let all that bnitlho |i»rlnko, 
»t roCKH Ihi'ir Milt'iirc lirvnk. 

Th.. snun.l i-r.-h.MK 

Our fnllit-™' I 
Alllh t ..f liWrly. 


Troninniiiic of tlir 

UIhvj riling of tlir 

Confederate lllniuunenl 
nt Jtshcboto 

in iihiiiovp of tlir ffciifcnYvalr Sill ill nJ 

greeted tin tlir Jl.iughtrrs of llif Cnnlnieracu; 
of •Riwdtilpli 

Srptniilui sn nnd, ninrlmt liuiitfi ril ami taaWan 
lrn-tIiifiurtMmli..i. hi. 

Three new buildings to house the Health Depart- 
ment, the Department of Social Services, the Agri- 
cultural Extension Service, and the Board of Educa- 
tion were authorized by a vote of the people in March 
1978. They are under construction on South Fayette- 
ville Street in Asheboro and will be ready for occu- 
pancy in 1980. The new buildings will allow more 
space for court rooms, offices for the Clerk of Court, 
the Register of Deeds, the Commissioners, the 
County Manager, the Finance Officer, the Tax De- 
partment, the Sheriff, the County Board of Elections 
and other related services. 



E. Lee Wood Takes Contract - work Begun Last 


At an adjourned meeting of the County Com- 
missioners here on last Wednesday, Mr. E. Lee 
Wood, of Randleman was awarded the contract to 
tear down the old court house and rebuild it into a 
modern jail. 

From: The Bulletin and Randleman News, Asheboro, N.C., April 
22, 1914. 

Mental Health Building, 1975. 

-L/-I Wrl hi ml" 

"■Monument Committer 

lm. li Hammer, Chmn 

D Rum, Troai 
no T Moflitt 
V. D Sled man 
, K Ross 
.-an Rush 


J. D ROSS. Chief 
Htrndon Moffltl 
Sulon B Siedman 
Alex M. Worth 
A. R W nrdngham 
Robert Lewallen 
Mark Heilig 
Joel Ashworth 
Herbert Howard 
Conrad Homey 
Irvin Lastiter 
Sam Phillips 
Robert Elkin 
George York 
Gurney Henson 
Carr Redding 
Herbert Tyaor 
Claude Yow 
Tom Arnold 
M, C- Auman 
M H- Free 
Claude Barker 

J David Olelrane 

(' KugcnoYork 

Line Kldcr 

/ WillhmSwaim 

Wade Hardin 
Claude Winningham 
James <l Pickard 


Unveiling Exercises Confederate Monument, 
Saturday, September Second— Procession 

From Court House to Graded School, 

Music-Winston Rand 

Song- America. 


Double Quartet— Tenting Tonight 

Presentation of Speaker-Col. JnmCi T Morohoml. 
Greensboro, N. C 

Addres.*-Hon. Walter Clark, Chief Justice Supreme 
Court of North Carolina. 

Song - The Old North State 


Procession to Confederate Monument. 

Music by Band 

Unveiling Monument— Miss May McAliater, Presi- 
dent Randolph Chapter. U D. C 

Decorating Monument with I jural Wreaths -Child 
of Confederacy. 



Presentation of Confederate Monument— M 

R. U 


Acceptance for Veterans-Col \V. P Wood, 


of Slate 

Ace. ptance for County -Mr H M Robins- 

Acceptance Town of Asheboro Mayor J. A 


Music- Maryland, My Maryland 

KuMen 10 Old Soldier* Hon Robt N. 

'aj;e and 


Moalc -Rand 


Col- A C. MeAli-t-r. M.nler of Ceremonies. 

County Library Bookmobile, 1949. 



The county has also found it necessary to add a 
landfill for disposing of waste and a dog pound. 
These are located near Central Falls. 

The Office of County Manager was added in 1972 
because the Commissioners found that there was a 
need for someone to supervise the operation of the 
county government full-time. The Commissioners 
are all employed in business or other occupations and 
meet at certain times to carry out the duties of their 
offices. In the year 1971-1972 the valuation of prop- 
erty in the county was $277,588,435, and the total 
county budget was more than $3,000,000. A Finance 
Officer was appointed in 1974. 

In the municipalities the officials were improving 
streets and sidewalks; adding water and sewer ser- 
vice; contracting for electric power; providing police 
and fire protection; arranging for refuse collections: 
constructing parking lots; establishing libraries; add- 
ing parks and recreation activities and facilities; etc. 
No longer could municipal business be transacted on 
street corners or at random. Municipal buildings be- 
came essential as a central place where meetings could 
be held, offices could be provided and records could 
be kept. 

When the cornerstone was laid in December 1938 
for the new Asheboro Municipal Building, Henry M. 
Robins, a former mayor, stated that it was a far cry 
from the days when the Commissioners met in his 
law office (formerly his father's) on Main Street, 
which actually served as Asheboro's first town hall. 
The new building was built with PWA funds and was 
dedicated on August 4, 1939. It is still the same build- 
ing with minor exterior changes, but with several 
interior changes. 

After 1940 Liberty's Town Hall was located on 
Fayetteville Street in the Hornaday Building. It 
housed a meeting room with kitchen and the public 
library, as well as the town offices until the new 
Town Hall was built adjoining the new library in 1975 
using Federal Revenue Sharing Funds. 

Ramseur's Town Hall was on Main Street in the 
Ramseur Motor Company building which had been 
purchased and repaired after it burned in the 1930's. 
The Hail was the center for all civic activities and for 
townspeople who wished to use it for private func- 
tions. With Revenue Sharing funds the Town Board 
was able to replace this well-used and crowded build- 
ing with a new Town Hall in 1978 located on Liberty 

Randleman's city records were first kept in one of 
the Randleman Manufacturing Company buildings, 
then in a small building on Academy Street. When 
the City Board needed more space it was able to rent 
the first floor of the Lions Club building on Academy 
Street. The Lions Club had erected the building in 
1949 and used the second floor for its meetings. In 
1972 the city dedicated a new building designed for 
city services and largely financed by Revenue Shar- 
ing funds. 

Asheboro City waterworks before 1938. 

Asheboro City Hall, 1920-1938. 

Laying of Cornerstone ceremony, Asheboro Municipal Building, 1938. 


Liberty Town Hall, 1975. 

RamseurTown Hall, 1978. 

Archdale City Hall, 1974. 

Randleman City Hall. 1972. 

The Connections Have Been Completed 

The formal opening of the city's new water ex- 
tension was made Monday when for the first time 
Long Branch water was turned into the big 165,000 
gallon city reservoir. The plant will be operated 
some ten days before it is finally turned over to the 

The work was done under contract of the J.B. 
McCrary company, of Atlanta, and the inspector 
here last week highly commended the work, stat- 
ing that the plant was without a flaw. Mr. R.I. Dic- 
kens has superintended the work here. 

From: The Bulletin and Randleman News, Asheboro, N.C. Sep- 
tember 23, 1914. 

Franklinville's municipal affairs were supervised 
on the second floor of the Soda Shop on Main Street 
in rooms adjoining the library from 1967 until 1978 
when the Commissioners moved to remodeled of- 
fices on the first floor. The Town purchased the 
building at that time from Randolph Mills. 

The City of Archdale, chartered in 1969 with a 
population of over 6,000, needed a City Hall from the 
beginning. The offices were first located in a store 
building on South Main Street, but the Commission- 
ers set aside Revenue Sharing funds for a new build- 
ing on Balfour Drive in the center of Archdale. The 
new City Hall was dedicated in 1974. 

Seagrove and Staley do not have Town Halls as 
separate buildings. 

Water supply is a major concern for municipalities. 
In 1914 Asheboro constructed the first of its city 
lakes on Back Creek's Long Branch. After having to 
bring water during a drought in 1925 from High Point 
in railroad oil tanks which did not help the taste of the 
water, the City Council increased the source of wa- 
ter. In 1969 the lakes were named for the Mayors in 
office at the time the four lakes were constructed: 
Arthur Ross, D.B. McCrary, W.A. Bunch, and W. 
Clyde Lucas. In March 1979 voters in Asheboro ap- 
proved the construction of another lake on the 
Uwharrie River. 

Liberty has depended since 1926 on five deep wells 
for its water supply. A tank was also erected at that 
time which is 199 feet and 3 and 5/8 inches high. 

Randleman's water supply comes from Pole Cat 
Creek. The Randleman Dam on Deep River proposed 
since 1950 and not yet built, is projected to be a new 
source of water for Randleman and other areas as 

The citizens of Ramseur dedicated in 1978 a 
new dam on Sandy Creek which increases the supply 
of water to Ramseur and makes it possible for 
Franklinville residents to have a municipal water 
supply through purchase. 

The apparent need of the Archdale area for water 
and sewer stimulated the incorporation of a city in 
1969 to provide these services first of all. In 1975 
water became available and the city has taken steps 
to add sewer lines in the near future. 

The safety of citizens has priority in any govern- 
ment. The nineteenth century town custom of ap- 
pointing citizens for designated times to "keep 
watch" lasted well into the twentieth century. To- 
day's volunteer police forces in some communities 
have their roots in the old custom of citizen watches. 

The early records show the officer of law and 
safety was given the title of "Marshal" in most 
towns. Later, the officer was called "Constable," 
but today in all municipalities the name is Chief of 
Police. If there are additional policemen, they are 
classified by rank according to their duties and length 
of service. 

In Asheboro the first Chief of Police was employed 
in 1918; in Liberty, in 1941; in Ramseur, in 1936; in 
Randleman, in 1910; in Franklinville, in 1925; and in 
Archdale and Seagrove in 1979. Ramseur employed a 
full-time marshal in 1921. 

The police departments have radio communication 
with each other, the County Sheriffs Department, 
and the State Highway Patrol Station in Greensboro. 
The Asheboro Department has state and national 
teletype communication, known as the Police Infor- 
mation Network (PIN). In its own files it has 26,000 
criminal records. 

The first fire companies were composed of volun- 
teers who fought fires with very poor equipment and 
limited water supplies. All but three of the companies 
are still volunteer: Asheboro, Guil-Rand (with three 
locations, Archdale. Hillsville and Cedar Square) and 
Randleman having authorized paid employees. 

To the municipal companies have been added sev- 
eral rural companies which are all volunteer: Col- 
eridge, East Side, Farmer, Julian, Level Cross, 
Tabernacle, Ulah and West Side. There are plans for 
a county-wide organization and all of the companies 
in the county cooperate with each other in emergen- 
cies. All of the rural companies have stations and 

Each community has a fire station separate from 
the municipal building. Most of them including the 
fire trucks and other equipment have been obtained 
by fund-raising projects and contributions of funds 
and labor. The first trucks were usually second-hand, 
but all of them have proved their worth and have 
been forerunners of better equipment when funds 
were available. 

Asheboro City Lake (Lucas), 1948. 

Ramseur dam on Sandy Creek, 1978. 

Liberty tank for water supply, 1926. 

Seagrove Rural Volunteer Fire Department. 

Asheboro's first fire truck. 1914. 

The new fire truck, 1950. 


For the benefit of our readers we will state that 
the law of this state requires all vehicles to turn to 
the right when overtaken by an automobile, the 
machine passing by on the left. When meeting a 
machine, each party keeps to the right. If everyone 
will remember this, there should never be any ac- 

From: The Bulletin and Randleman News. Asheboro, N.C. May 
6. 1914. 

Asheboro People Will Suffer From Dust No More 

Let there be rejoicing in the town and among the 
citizens of Asheboro for the town has purchased a 
new city street sprinkler - one of the latest type - a 
sho' 'nuf sprinkler of the pure and adulterated 
dust layer, and it was given a try out on last Friday, 
ready for the Fourth but fortunately for the city's 
water supply, old J. Pluvius was on the job, and the 
sprinkler was not needed. 

From: The Bulletin and Randleman News, Asheboro, N.C. July 
8, 1914. 



Everyone having water works in their homes or 
places of business is requested upon hearing the 
fire alarm, to cut off their water at the place 
nearest the pipe line. 

During a bad fire it might be necessary to put on 
the big pump and the pressure would perhaps do 
considerable damage. 

Just a little precaution when the whistle blows 
may save you a considerable amount. 
Sulon B. Stedman 
Chief Fire Dept. 

From: The Bulletin and Randleman News. Asheboro, N.C. July 
1, 1914 

Ford Car Will be Converted Into Fire Truck 

Mr. Sulon B. Stedman, Chief of the Asheboro 
fire department, has closed a deal with the Ran- 
dolph Motor company for a Ford car to be stripped 
and converted into a fire truck. The car will be 
arranged to carry 500 feet of hose and an exten- 
sion ladder, together with the lanterns and axes 
and other paraphanalia. 

The truck will be stored in the fire house and 
one reel will be ready for use in an emergency. This 
is a progressive move on the part of the Asheboro 
fire laddies and means much better fire protection. 

From: The Bulletin 
Asheboro. N.C. 

ind Randleman News. December 23. 1914, 


Asheboro has two stations, both dedicated in 1972, 
one at 401 South Church Street and one on North 
Fayetteville Street. Liberty's station is on Swan- 
nanoa Street; Randleman's is on Hillary Street; 
Ramseur's is on Liberty Street; Franklinville's is on 
Main Street; Seagrove's is at the intersection of 
highways 220 and 705; Staley's is on West Railroad 
and Archdale is served by a Guil-Rand station on 
South Main Street. 

The Asheboro company was organized in 1911; 
Franklinville, in 1964; Liberty, in 1929; Ramseur, in 
1938; Randleman, in 1947; Seagrove, in 1956; and 
Staley, in 1961. 

The County Forester has available equipment and 
assistance in fighting fires in forest areas of the 

Franklinville, because of the interest of John W. 
Clark, established the first municipal public library in 
1924; Asheboro and Ramseur set up libraries in 1936; 
Randleman, in 1941; Liberty, in 1942; Archdale and 
Seagrove, in 1973. Ramseur received funds for a lib- 
rary building as a bequest of M.E. Johnson (1959); 
Asheboro voters approved a bond issue in 1963 for a 
new library building; Liberty Library opened in a 
new building in 1966; Randleman, in 1973. All library 
buildings are owned by the municipalities. Franklin- 
ville Library is in the Town Hall; Seagrove Library is 
in the Grange Hall; and Archdale Library is in a 
home on Main Street rented for the library. County 
appropriations cover county-wide service and the 
municipal budgets include funds for local salaries and 
maintenance of buildings. 

The municipalities as they have grown have ac- 
cepted the city-manager form of government. 
Asheboro (1940), Liberty (1976), Randleman (1978) 
and Archdale ( 1974) now have city or town managers 
and the others have town clerks. The responsibilities 
of the municipal operations require the full-time at- 
tention of a qualified person. 

Municipalities have also added Departments of 
Parks and Recreation. The forerunners of these were 
committees of volunteers who helped with summer 
programs, but more formal year-round programs 
were needed. Also, parks in each community need 
supervision and maintenance if they are to be of ser- 

Municipalities in Randolph County do not own 
utilities as do some other cities in the state but con- 
tract with private electric and telephone companies 
to provide these services to the residents. Each town 
had a small company providing electric and tele- 
phone service before larger companies purchased 
these plants. 

The Asheboro Company which had been organized 
in 1905 was sold to the City of Asheboro in 1911. The 
City operated the plant until 1924 when the City 
Board of Commissioners granted a 60-year franchise 
to Carolina Power and Light Company. 


Asheboro's new policeman is equipped with a 
stop watch and 'oh you speeders , better beware! 
Several dollars have already been turned in to help 
sprinkle and make better streets as a result of his 

From: The Bulletin and Randleman News, Asheboro, N.C., July 
29. 1914. 

Franklinville public library, fire station and post office. 

Asheboro Public Library. 

• • ' • •; 

Liberty Public Library. 


Randleman Public Library. 


( c 




Telephone lineman at work, ca. 1900, Randleman. 
REMC Office. 1939. 

Ramseur had electric power from 191 1 when W.H. 
Watkins built a power plant for Columbia Factory 
and provided some service to the town. In 1914 the 
Town of Ramseur installed a small plant on the river 
and provided electricity to the school. Mr. Watkins 
sold his plant to the Lockville Power Plant of Mon- 
cure, a private company, which sold out to the 
Carolina Power and Light Company in 1924. 
Franklinville also received power then. 

Liberty was provided with electric power from a 
dynamo purchased by Liberty Chair Company in 
1916. The town purchased the plant and then sold it 
to an individual in 1922 who in turn sold it to Carolina 
Power and Light Company in 1925. 

Carolina Power and Light Company extended lines 
to Seagrove in 1928. 

The Rural Electrification Administration was 
created by Congress in 1936. Three years later the 
Randolph Electric Membership Corporation was or- 
ganized and secured a franchise to provide electric 
service in county areas not covered by Carolina 
Power and Light or Duke Power Companies. Homes, 
farms and businesses in rural areas were able to have 
electricity for the first time. 

Duke Power Company which was organized in 
1904 brought electric power to Archdale and to Rand- 
leman by 1927. Randleman had had electric power 
since 1909 supplied by the Randolph Power Com- 
pany located near the Southern Railway Coal Chute. 
S.G. Newlin operated a plant on Pole Cat Creek to 
obtain power for the Hosiery Mill, then sold it to the 
Greensboro YMCA for a camp. 

The first plants provided weak service in compari- 
son with today's power and that power was on for 
only a few hours each day, usually from dark until 11 
p.m. After industries depended on electric power the 
towns found it more profitable to sell power for use in 
the daytime. Gradually the companies became 
stronger, but the real change came when the larger 
companies purchased the local plants. 

Until electricity was generally available all homes 
that could do so purchased Delco Light systems 
manufactured by General Motors and found that they 
gave satisfactory light and power, but owners made 
minimal use of the plants in order to stretch the life of 
the batteries. The plants cost around $500 and the 
batteries $100. The 16 batteries were 2-volt which 
could be generated by gas or by water power. These 
systems and Coleman gas plants were used through- 
out the county. 

Telephone service was another utility which was in 
demand as soon as it was announced. Individuals 
found ways to provide service on a small scale and 
men organized companies in the larger communities 
for this purpose. In 1900 there were two companies in 
Randolph County: the Asheboro Telephone Com- 
pany and the Randleman Telephone Company. 

The Asheboro Telephone Company was organized 


in 1897 by C.C. McAlister, John T. Moffitt, William 
C. Hammer, P.H. Morris and Elijah Moffit. In 1904 it 
was housed in a building on the southeast corner of 
South Fayetteville and Cranford Streets on the Clark 
property. Southern Bell installed a long distance line 
in the McCrary Redding Building on the northeast 
corner of Worth and Fayetteville Streets until 1918 
when long distance lines were added to the local 
switchboard. Charles Ross managed the company 
from 1897 until 1903 when E.H. Morris became man- 
ager. The company was sold to K.D. Cox in 1921. By 
then the office was located on North Fayetteville 
Street on the second floor of the Ross Building. In 
December 1921 there were 259 telephones in town 
with 125 rural phones. Some operators through the 
years were Mae Davis, Hattie Wright Hannah, 
Blanche Miller, Pauline Elliott Feemster, and Treva 

In 1931 Cox sold the company to Southeast Public 
Service Company. In the same year Central Tele- 
phone Company took over this company. The City of 
Asheboro gave Central a franchise in 1931 which it 
still holds, having transacted a renewal in 1960. 
Dial operation was substituted for calls to the central 
office in 1950. 

J.F. Pickett, C.P. Smith, Jr., J. A. Hornaday, M.J. 
Reitzel, W.M. Hanner, A.W. Curtis, A.E. Lewis, 
Dr. G.A. Foster, G.W. Curtis, J.E. Cole and L.H. 
Smith met in October 1907 in Pickett's Store in Lib- 
erty to organize the Liberty Telephone Company. In 
1949 Morgan Fitzgerald purchased the company, im- 
proved and updated the lines and service which had 
deteriorated during the depression and the war. He 
still operates it under the name of Randolph Tele- 
phone Company. Alan R. Martin is Treasurer. 

Ramseur also had its first telephone service in 1907 
with 32 local phones. Long distance calls had to be 
made from a telephone post in town which was 
owned by Southern Bell. Kirby Cox bought the com- 
pany from H.B. Moore in 1919 and sold it to South- 
east Public Service Company which was purchased 
by Central Telephone Company in 1931. 

The Randleman Telephone Company was orga- 
nized by Randleman Manufacturing Company 
primarily for its own use, but some service was pro- 
vided for the local residents. It was sold in 1929 to 
North State Telephone Company of High Point 
which had been providing service to the Archdale 
area since 1895. At the time of sale there were 85 
telephones on the exchange. 

In 1954 the Randolph Telephone Membership Cor- 
poration was formed to provide telephone service for 
Randolph and surrounding counties for those not 
served already or inadequately served. The first 
exchange was ready in June 1957 in Farmer with 97 
telephones. Exchanges followed in Bennett in 1958; 
Coleridge in 1963; Pisgah in 1973; and Jackson Creek 
in 1976. All lines are now one-party service. The 
RTMC exchanges, the Randleman exchange and the 
Central Telephone Company exchanges in Randolph 
County operate on a toll-free basis and are all listed 

Coleridge Power Plant. 

Telephone operators, ca. 1910 


Coleridge Telephone Company, owned by Dr. R.L. Caveness. 



Randolph Telephone Membership Corporation building. 

in the telephone directories. Four other companies 
have lines in the county: North State which serves 
Randleman and Archdale-Trinity, plus the areas sur- 
rounding them, Southern Bell in the Julian-Climax 
area, Denton in the New Hope area and United Tele- 
phone on the Chatham County line. 

The first service in Seagrove was installed in 1910. 
Each subscriber paid a $25 fee and $4 a year for 
maintenance. All phones rang when one did making it 
most inviting for everyone to listen in on conversa- 
tions. Lines were run to Why Not, Erect, High Pines 
and into Montgomery County. Long distance service 
was obtained through Asheboro. 

In the early days of electric and telephone service 
it was usually the responsibility of the receiver to 
secure someone to install the telephone or power 
pole and wire the house or business if unable to do 
this himself. The companies had limited service 
crews and did not provide much assistance beyond 


Dr. J. J. Burrus of High Point was here Sunday 
on a professional call to the home of Mr. and Mrs. 
John K. Wood, whose child, Nettie, is very ill. Dr. 
Burrus came down on the railroad in a Ford which 
was equipped with wheels to fit the track. (January 
6, 1915) 

Mr. W. C. Garner our pleasant mail carrier, had 
quite a surprise Xmas Day. He went with the mail 
as far as S. R. Richardson's and the creek was up 
so he could not get any further and he drove back 
to Mr. J. J. Lowdermilk's where he found a large 
table daintily spread with all kinds of goodies and 
says he did justice to everything set before him. 
(Seagrove, Rt. 1, News, January 16, 1915) 

Mr. W. Gould Brokaw of Fairview Kennels, 
while returning from a hunt Saturday evening was 
thrown from his horse and slightly bruised. (Trin- 
ity, Rt. 1, News, February 17, 1915) 

AUTOMOBILE FOR SALE: I want to sell at 
once my five-passenger Ford car, will take a good 
horse in the trade or sell on time. See me at once if 
you mean business. (E. G. Morris, Asheboro, N. C, 
March 10, 1915) 

Advertisement: THE MULE MAN - I have just 
returned from the West with a full load of the best 
mules I could buy. Call to see them before buying 
elsewhere. Will sell for cash or on time. Come to 
court next week and look them over. McDowell 
Live Stock Company. (March 10, 1915) 

More Fords in town. Read the ad of the Ashe- 
boro Motor Car Company. The Bulletin printed the 
names of the folks that bought cars for a long 
time, but its got so of late that its more news to tell 
who don't own cars, for verily this good little berg 
is full of them. (May 12, 1915) 

Old telephone exchange, Randleman. 


MUNICIPALITIES Two municipalities located 
IN THE 1900's away from Deep River which 

had pronounced development after the railroad and 
electricity had come to the county were Asheboro 
and Liberty. Staley and Seagrove were chartered in 
the early years of the century as new towns. 

Franklinville depended on the three parts of Ran- 
dolph Mills — the cloth mill, the flour and feed mill, 
and the hatchery — for its economy during the twen- 
tieth century. John W. Clark and others purchased 
the mills in 1924 and Clark moved to Franklinville to 
take a great deal of interest in the operation of the 
company and the welfare of the employees. Only in 
the last few years have the mills been unable to make 
a profit and the management closed the whole opera- 
tion in 1978. Residents of the town are continuing to 
live there, having purchased homes from Randolph 
Mills in the 1960's and are finding work in nearby 
communities. The town government is taking lead- 
ership in finding ways to ride out the economic dif- 
ficulties. It is expected that the flour and feed mill 
which produced the popular "Dainty Biscuit" flour 
will be able to open again soon. 

Ramseur continued the pace it had set for itself in 
1900 by adding new industries and community ser- 
vices. After Columbia Manufacturing Company 
which was the major industry for one hundred years 
closed in the 1960's, property that the plant owned 
was sold to individuals and to organizations. People 
kept their homes which most of them had purchased 
from Columbia and found work elsewhere or in other 
industries in Ramseur. Since the closing came gradu- 
ally the community was able to adjust to the neces- 
sary changes. 

The Ramseur Furniture Company was built in 1905 
to replace the Alberta Chair Company. The Weiman 
Company purchased it in the 1960's and the plant as 
of 1979 is owned by Bassett Furniture Company. 

The Ramseur Broom Company established in 1885 
was operated by Fred A. Thomas from 1936 until it 
closed in the late 1960's. 

The Novelty Wood Works opened in 1900 by W.A. 
Ward and J. A. Martin to manufacture bobbins and 
picker sticks for cotton mills was closed in 1930. The 
Ramseur Hosiery Mills of the Acme-McCrary Cor- 
poration were located on the same site in 1938. 

Ramseur Roller Mill was organized in 1913 by a 
number of local citizens. It manufactured Robin Bird 
and Rose Bird products. Randolph Mills purchased it 
several years ago and operated it from Franklinville. 
It was located in downtown Ramseur and is now 

Fleta Lumber Company, organized in 1907 by 
W.H. Watkins and J.D. York, supplied lumber for 
building purposes. It was bought by Charles B. 
Brown and Willis Luther in the early 1920's and re- 
named Brown and Luther Company. When Luther 
retired E.H. Bray bought his share and the company 

Sapona Manufacturing Company, Cedar Falls. 

Randolph Mills, Franklinville. 

Franklinville scene. 


Henry Black 
Claude Brady 
John Brady 
Joe Buie 
Dunk Dove 
Tracy Dove 
Bob Elkins 
John Freeman 
Tom Jennings 
Mack Maner 

Billy Maner 
Grady Miller 
Clarence Parks 
Hugh Parks 
Hugh T. Parks 
Jack Upton 
Will Upton 
David Weatherly 
Frank Wright 

Director: Professor Warburton of Rockingham 


Sumner-Parks House. 

Allred General Store. Franklinville. 

John M. Caveness home, Ramseur. 


J.O. Forrester, cornet or trumpet 
Picket Turner, trombone 
W.E. Marley, snare drum 
E.J. Steed, bass drum 
John Dixon, cornet 
J. Gurney Coward, cornet 
R.B. Fennerson, tenor horn 
J.W. Brown, alto 
P. A. Fontaine, clarinet 
Preston Cox, clarinet 
W.H. Marley, tenor horn or drum 
V.C. Marley, baritone horn 
J.I. Lambert, bass horn 
Wesley A. Ward, bass horn 
Director: Professor Warburton of Rockingham 

became Brown and Bray. Jody Parks purchased the 
company in 1940 and closed it in 1942. 

Brady Manufacturing Company was organized by 
Julian Brady in 1948 to manufacture handkerchiefs 
and shoelaces. The plant burned in 1958 and Brady 
used the Enterprise Manufacturing Company build- 
ings for a few years. The company under new man- 
agement makes work socks. 

Ramseur Inter-Lock Knitting Company opened in 
1947 and now operates three plants in Ramseur. Pres- 
ident of the company is Sam A. Rankin. 

A company which moved to Ramseur in 1949 was 
entirely new to this area. The Woonsocket Woolen 
Mills from Rhode Island brought the manufacture of 
a product not produced heretofore in the county ex- 
cept by hand. The company was sold to Ramseur 
Worsted Mills which was acquired by Klopman's. It 
has been enlarged several times and is now an 
extensive stretch material manufacturing plant. 

The John Plant Company makes industrial gloves. 

Dr. Robert L. Caveness, John M. Caveness and 
Daniel H. Lambert purchased the Enterprise Man- 
ufacturing Company in 1904. The Caveness family 
operated the mill until 1954 when they sold it to the 
Boaz Mills of Alabama. In 1957 when the mills 
closed, the Comer Machinery Company of Charlotte 
purchased the property and sold the machinery. The 
B.B. Walker Company purchased the buildings in 
1976. In 1979 they belong to Jeff Schwarz. 

As in the other communities when the mills closed, 
few people moved away. Instead they commuted to 
jobs elsewhere or found local employment. 

The village of Coleridge has been nominated for 
the National Register of Historic Sties. 

Ramseur Public Library. 



Worth Manufacturing Plant No. 2 at Central Falls 
was purchased in 1933 by Burlington Mills. The plant 
was in continuous operation during the depression 
and World War II. It is one of the Klopman Division 
units, manufacturing fabric. 

Worth Manufacturing Plant No. 1 at Worthville 
was purchased by J.S. Lewis and Wiley Ward in 1913 
and operated first as Riverside Mills, then as Leward 
Cotton Mills until 1948 when it was purchased by 
Erlanger Mills of Lexington. In 1964 Fieldcrest Mills 
purchased it and operated it until 1974 when they 
sold it to Baxter, Kelly and Faust of Anderson, South 
Carolina. This company still owns the building and 
other property in Worthville, but the mill is closed. 

Archdale received a charter in 1969, having let its 
charter of 1874 lapse about 1924. When it became 
apparent that water and sewer were needed for the 
rapidly growing area in Trinity Township, citizens' 
meetings were held to decide what action should be 
taken. William Tucker, Joel Williams and Doris 
Spencer served on an Interim Town Committee to 
hold an election in Trinity and Archdale on the ques- 
tion of incorporation as one municipality. The prop- 
osal failed, but Archdale voted to request a charter. 

The charters of the two communities which had 
been obtained in the nineteenth century were allowed 
to lapse about 1924 when the state paved Highway 62 
and required towns on the route to bear part of the 
cost. The villages, with populations of approximately 
200 (Archdale) and 400 (Trinity) decided that they 
were not financially secure enough to afford this as- 
sessment and ceased to function as towns. 

Archdale since 1969 is progressing fast toward be- 
coming a viable community. Already it is the second 
largest city in the county and the population con- 
tinues to grow. The major industries where residents 
are employed are located in High Point, but the new 
highways may bring industrial development to the 
area. At present the land is undergoing changes in 
appearance with the widening of Highway 311 and 
the construction of a portion of the federal Highway 
1-85 through the township. 

In Randleman Deep River Mills, Inc. was orga- 
nized in 191 1 to combine the Randleman Manufactur- 
ing Company, the Naomi Falls Manufacturing Com- 
pany, Plaidville Mill and Mary Antoinette Mill with 
J.C. Watkins, President and Treasurer; T.A. Hunter, 
Secretary; and R.P. Deal, Manager. The Company 
closed in 1930 during the depression and was sold in 
1933 at public auction. Also sold were the Company 
Farm, the Walker Mill, the Cox Power Plant and 
other property. 

Commonwealth Hosiery Mills moved to Randle- 
man in 1934 to occupy the Randleman Manufacturing 
Company buildings. A.B. Beasley of Randleman and 
E.W. Freeze, Sr., of High Point were the purchasers. 
The mills moved in 1967 to a new plant near the 
Bypass Highway and they use the old buildings for 
storage. Commonwealth also operates Wee-Sox 

Constructing fountain for Creekside Park, Archdale. 
Trinity High School Marching Band. 

a hue m I 


August 31, 1886 

My father was advised by his doctor to give up 
teaching because of his health, so he moved to 
Central Falls and took a job as Night Watchman 
at the cotton mill where he worked for three years. 
During this time the great 1886 Charleston Earth- 
quake came that scared the people in and 
around Asheboro out of their wits. I remember see- 
ing people, even grown men, running down the 
streets in their night-clothes, while they carried 
their clothes in their hands. The houses shook, the 
windows and dishes rattled, and it was indeed a 
scarry time. My father said that the looms in the 
mill rattled until he thought the mill dam had bro- 
ken and had turned the water loose. He ran outside 
before he knew what had happened, then he came 
home to see if my mother and the children were 
o.k. Of course we were scared but not hurt. 

From Things I Really Know about Asheboro, by Mrs. Alice Von- 
cannon Shaw (Mrs. J.E.), 1974 


Tallying Archdale Municipal Election Votes, 1979. 

Archdale Station, United States Post Office. 

County Office Building Archdale. 
Ramseur Meat Market. 

Cedar Falls Post Office. 

Ramseur Inter-Lock Knitting Company. 

Ramseur's Main Street. 
Franklinville Community Center, formerly Moore's Chapel. 


Hosiery Mills which makes infants' hosiery. 

Randolph Underwear Company made use of the 
Plaidville and Mary Antoinette Mills beginning in 
1934. The company was sold to I. Schneierson and 
Sons, Inc., of New York in 1944 who operated their 
Randolph Lingerie Division there until they moved 
the plant to a site near Staley. 

A new company was incorporated in 1938, the 
Laughlin Full Fashioned Hosiery Mills, with T.L. 
Laughlin, President and Treasurer, W.J. Armfield, 
Jr., Vice-President, and A.B. Beasley, Secretary. 
This company has expanded and is still in operation, 
making ladies' hosiery. 

Rantex Mills in 1934 opened in the old Naomi Falls 
plant with P.C. Story as manager to make cotton 
fabric. Randleman Mills purchased it in 1941 and sold 
it to Cone Mills in 1949. J. P. Stevens Company 
bought this plant in 1956 and has enlarged it several 
times. Yarn is the product they manufacture. 

United Brass Works came to Randleman in 1958 
from New York and occupies the building vacated by 
Burlington Mills which closed its hosiery plant in 
1957. The Brass Works manufactures pressure val- 
ves for sprinkler systems and other needs. 

Mr. Jeans established a plant in 1965 and combined 
with U.S. Industries, Inc. in 1968. The plant man- 
ufactures sportswear. 

Salem Neckwear manufactures ties. 

Shaw Furniture Company organized in 1940 for re- 
tail sales moved to the old Elementary School build- 
ing in 1962 and decorated the rooms, making it a 
furniture show place which attracts many visitors. 

Randleman merchants developed a parking lot off 
Academy Street for the convenience of shoppers and 
visitors in the early 1960's. The old Robert P. Dicks 
home was torn down to make room for business and 
traffic. About the same time they gave a "facelift" to 
the stores in the first block of South Main Street on 
the west side by building uniform fronts and extend- 
ing a cover over the sidewalks. 

Brooklyn Covered Bridge, 1933, Ramseur. 

Brooklyn Bridge under construction, 1979, Ramseur. 

Columbia Manufacturing Company, Ramseur, soon after closing: Superin- 
tendent's Office, Picker Room, Carding and Warp Rooms, Spooling and 
Slasher Rooms, Spinning Rooms, Weaving Room (portion). Cloth Room 
and Electrical Power House. Not shown: Cotton Warehouse, Railroad 
Turntable, Storage House, Head Gates and Garage. 

Bank of Coleridge, Ramseur 




Randleman Depot. 

Commonwealth Hosiery Mills, Randleman. 

r ~*+itt2&&ZZ&te&~*^ 

Randleman, corner of Academy and Main Streets. 

Randleman Public Housing. 

Main Street ca. 1910, Randleman 
Peter Dicks Mill, Randleman. 

Barbershop in Randleman. 


The famous sharpshooter who visited Randle- 
man in the 1890's to give an exhibition shooting 
match stayed with the W.F. Talleys at their hotel. 
She came back to visit them several times. 




This old home, originally known as "Waverley," 
is situated on a slight rise well back from the street 
in an oak grove almost in the center of town. The 
house fronts on the highway, but now that the 
business block is extending in front of it, the 
present owner, J.W. Johnson, is planning to make 
the main entrance on Academy street, which runs 
by the school building. 

The grand old house is three stories, topped by a 
little tower. It contains 15 rooms, not counting an 
unfurnished attic under the mansard roof. There 
are leaded stained glass windows in the octagon- 
shaped library and music room. On these are de- 
signs with a shield in various colors. In the up- 
stairs hall a full length of windows of colored glass 
pours bright light over the aged wood of the walls. 

Downstairs there is a sitting room, a library, two 
parlors, which were often opened into one for 
dancing, two bedrooms, a dining room, kitchen, 
butler's pantry and a bathroom. On the second 
floor there are five bedrooms and a bath. Large 
square bay windows ornament several of the bed- 

This was one of the first houses in Randleman, 
in fact, in Randolph County, to boast its own water 
system, hot air heating system and gas lights. A 
windmill operated the water system. Back of the 
large house is a servants' house. There was once an 
ice house, a smoke house, a big barn - and other 

The original house was built in about 1881 by 
the late T.C. Worth, who with his family occupied 
it for several years before moving to Worthville. 
He sold the house to Robert P. Dicks, then 
secretary-treasurer of the Naomi Falls Manufac- 
turing Company. Mr. Dicks spent nearly $15,000, 
a large amount in those days, in remodeling the 
house. Carpenters worked on it for a year and 
when it was completed, it was described in the 
newspapers of that day as "an elegant and stately 

Mr. Dicks had built the home to provide a home 
for the family where they could show the cordial 
hospitality which was a characteristic of the fam- 
ily. Unfortunately, he died after having lived in it 
only one year. 

His family continued to live there for a number 
of years. After the death of Mrs. Dicks the home- 
place was sold to John T. Council, Randleman mer- 
chant, who moved to Greensboro and sold the 
house to Mr. Johnson, of High Point, who has 
moved to Randleman. 

From the Greensboro Daily News, April 23, 1946. 

Robert P. Dicks home, Randleman, 



Robert E. Patterson home. Liberty. 


The John H. Ferree home built in 1876 was 
bought by Dr. C. E. Wilkerson in 1911. He and 
Mrs. Wilkerson operated a hospital there until 
1919 when they sold it to the Randolph County 
Commissioners for use as a teacherage and class- 
room space. It burned in 1948. The fire began on the 
second floor. 

Randleman and Naomi Mills had a barge on 
which they hauled cotton down the river from 
upper mill to the lower. Barge later sunk above 
Naomi dam and parts are still there. It was poled 
down by two or three men as the need arose. Dur- 
ing high water or flood season it was almost im- 
possible to pole it back up the river. It was left at 
Naomi until the water had gone down. It held 6 to 
8 bales. 

The old grist mill just below Naomi Street at the 
side of the Cone Manufacturing Company was 
moved there about 1900 by the builders of Rand- 
leman Mills No. 1 as it used to stand just below the 
old company farm and was the original old Dicks 
Mill run. 


Gregson Manufacturing Company. Liberty. 1947. 


*» ?«SsM 



3s&? "K&ZF- 

Chair caning, 1918. 

Liberty Chair Company, 1947. 
Curtis Theater, Liberty, opened 1929. 

LIBERTY Families who settled in the Liberty 
area arrived from Pennsylvania, Vir- 
ginia, and Eastern North Carolina, and were of Ger- 
man, English or Scotch-Irish origin. According to 
recorded deeds lots were sold in the "new town of 
Liberty" as early as 1809 to men who moved there or 
were already living on farms in the area. John 
Brower, Jr., a merchant of Pennsylvania, had purch- 
ased land, laid off lots and promoted the develop- 
ment of the land into a town. 

The 1815 Tax List shows twelve taxables who 
owned lots: Abraham Brower, Eli Brower, James 
Patterson Montgomery, John Brower, Samuel 
Royer, Jenny Pugh, John Savage, Christian Brower, 
Jacob Brower, Jeremiah York, John Pickett and John 
Long. Some of these lots were sold before homes 
were built on them. One of the Brower brothers, 
Nicholas, chose not to remain in Liberty, but to 
move to Fork Creek in southeastern Randolph and 
become a miller. 

John Brower's lot was sold to William Dick for a 
store, sold again to Abraham Brower who sold it to 
his son, Washington. This store and Troy's store at 
the southern end of the village became the centers of 
activity. The town grew very slowly until around 
1850 because most of the owners of lots preferred to 
remain on their farms. 

Farming was the major occupation of the people 
for many years. Liberty lacked the water power es- 
sential for industry at that time because it was not 
located on a stream. Grist mills on nearby Sandy 
Creek and Stinking Quarter provided milling for the 
residents of the town. 

It was not until 1884 that changes came to affect 
the lives of the people. In that year the main line of 
the Cape Fear and Yadkin Valley Railroad from 
Wilmington to Mt. Airy was routed through Liberty, 
making it a transportation center for the section. 

The Liberty Academy was opened in 1885, the 
only academy between Providence and Ramseur. 
Thus, Liberty became an educational center, too. 
The Academy, which was renamed Normal College 
in 1896. burned in 1907. The Liberty Public School 
was opened in 1909 in a new brick building, and its 
high school was open to students who had completed 
their studies in the several common schools of the 

Two devastating fires occurred in Liberty. Build- 
ing back after the fire in 1888 had hardly been com- 
pleted before tne second one in 1895 destroyed much 
of the town. 

The first industry came to Liberty in 1910 when the 
Liberty Picker-Stick and Novelty Company (now the 
Liberty Furniture Company and a division of 
Mohasco Industries) was established. After the 
availability of electricity made possible industrial ex- 
pansion, men chose to invest in wood products and 
textiles, especially in furniture and hosiery. 


In 1921 Barney J. Gregson bought a small company 
manufacturing parts for wagons and started manufac- 
turing cane-bottom chairs. He added other chairs and 
school chairs to the list of products plus a few other 
items in wood. By 1937 his son Dwight joined him 
and they changed the company name to Gregson 
Manufacturing Company. Another son Joseph be- 
came part of the company in 1939. Their specialty at 
this time is school and institutional seating. 

The Stout Chair Company was organized in 1938 
and is a division of Boling Chair Company with 
headquarters in Siler City. 

Dependable Hosiery Mill was organized in 1927 by 
T. A. Johnson and E.W. Fuller for the manufacture of 
ladies' hosiery. It is now managed by T.A. Johnson, 
Jr., and produces hosiery by the complete process 
from knitting to sales. 

A variety of industries have contributed to the 
economic welfare of the community: Liberty Brick 
Company (1908); Staley Lumber Company (1919- 
1944); Liberty Broom Works (1918); Liberty Hosiery 
Mill (1938-1978); Allsheer Hosiery Mill (1950), now 
Aladdin, a division of Kellwood; Quality Ve- 
neer (1950); Liberty Veneer (1935); TexFi Company 
(1964); Beaman Corporation (1966); Kinro Industries 
(1973); Phil Knit (1968): Manor House Fashions 
(1972); Rez Kivett Milling Company; Liberty Milling 
Company; F.D. Hornaday Abbatoir; Deaton Lumber 
Company; Johnson Lumber Company, now Liberty 
Saw Mill, Inc.; Overman Chair Company, now 
Hogan Chair Company; Deaton Novelty Works and 

Liberty was chartered as a municipality in 1889. 
The first mayor was Henry Lilly Brower and the 
population in 1890 was 366. The Liberty Post Office 
was established in 1884, Troy's Store Post Office 
having served from 1826 until the advent of the rail- 

The first church in Liberty was the Christian 
Church which was established in 1880. 

One family of physicians served Liberty for three 
generations: Dr. Armstead Jack Patterson and his 
son, Dr. Res D., and his grandson. Dr. R.D. Patter- 
son, Jr. 

The location of Liberty is unique, for it is in a 
corner of the county close to the Guilford, Alamance 
and Chatham County lines and is twenty miles from 
each of three municipalities to which people turn for 
business, trading or pleasure: Asheboro, Greensboro 
and Burlington. 

STALEY Although people had been living on 
farms in the area of Staley, they found 
no need for organizing a town until after the Cape 
Fear and Yadkin Valley Railroad built a line through 
the edge of Randolph County in 1884. John W. 
Staley, a Confederate veteran, owned some 350 acres 
near the railroad which were surveyed and sold for 
city lots. A depot was built and "Staleyville" became 
the shipping point for the lumbering industry and for 

111 MB ! ■ 


w : ... &L*mc* 

Smith Garage, Liberty, 1916. 

Liberty Mercantile Company, ca. 1900. 

Patterson Cottage Museum. Liberty. 


Carolina Pyrophyllite Mining Company, Staley. 

Liberty Street Scene, 1918. 

Liberty Friends Meeting. 


the cotton factory in Ramseur until the spur line was 
extended to Ramseur in 1890. The line was laid 
through Staley and Liberty to avoid constructing 
bridges which presented engineering difficulties. 
Staley is on a ridge between the Deep and Rocky 
River watersheds. 

The Staley Cotton Mill was chartered in 1889 and 
opened but was moved to Siler City in 1895. Other 
industries were the C.P. Fox Saw Mill (1901-1940); 
W.M. Wright Saw Mill; Staley Hosiery Mill (1918- 
1955) which was destroyed by a tornado in 1954; a 
chair factory, a planing mill, a rolling mill and 
pyrophyllite mine. The Carolina Pyrophyllite Mining 
Company closed its operation in 1956 and sold out to 
Southern Stone Company, Inc. 

At present the Brower Company (1957), makers of 
furniture; the Bruce McMasters Furniture Company 
(1974), den furniture; the Contract Steel Sales, Inc. 
(1965); A.C. Marley Chair Company (1930); Mid- 
State Farms (1965) are the major industries. 

Staley received a charter in 1901 as Staley instead 
of Staleyville as it had once been known. It was 
named for Colonel John W. Staley. The first mayor 
was T.B. Barker and the Commissioners were John 
W. Staley, J.W. Cox, J.M. Foushee, C.G. Frazier 
and A.J. Cooper. M.R. Cox was Marsha! and J.F. 
McArthur was treasurer. The post office had been 
established in 1884. In 1920 the population was 157. 

The Coleman Hunting Lodge built by Edward R. 
Coleman of Lebanon, Pennsylvania, in 1908 was 
later sold to Senator Harry Byrd of Virginia. It is now 
converted into a modern home. 

In 191 1 a fire destroyed Joe Hicks' Store and A.W. 
Holladay's Store in which the post office was lo- 
cated. In 1927 another fire broke out in the chair 
factory and burned the saw mill, the chair factory, 
the rolling mill, the planing mill and the garage. 

Staley's school was opened in 1892 to which a high 
school was added in 1923. The high school was 
closed in 1958 and the elementary school, in 1965. 
Although it was a small school, it was outstanding in 
scholarship and in sports. 

The first churches were the Staley Baptist and 
Christian Churches organized in 1889. 

On April 30, 1939, the railroad discontinued pas- 
senger service on the "Shoofly." The Staley station 
is no longer used. 

Staley is located on the Chatham County line and 
is in Columbia Township. 

SEAGROVE The people of the village that had 
grown up around the Seagrove 
Depot on the Aberdeen and Asheboro Railroad found 
it advisable to incorporate in 1913. The first mayor 
was D.A. Cornelison and Commissioners were C.H. 
Cornelison, Frank Auman, W.J. Moore, T.N. Slack 
and E.M. Brown. In 1914 there were 41 taxables 
(heads of households) living in the town and in 1920 
the census reported 189 persons. The post office in 



Seagrove was established in 1897 and was first lo- 
cated in the depot. Seagrove was named for Edwin 
G. Seagroves who was construction engineer for the 

The community is the center for the traditional pot- 
ters of central North Carolina. The old depot no 
longer in use after the railroad was discontinued in 
1951 was purchased by Walter and Dorothy Auman 
and moved to a lot adjoining their pottery to become 
the Seagrove Pottery Museum. It was dedicated in 

During the years between 1890 and 1930 when the 
railroad was in its peak years, Seagrove became 
known as the cross-tie "capital of the world" be- 
cause of the large numbers of cross-ties shipped from 

The Seagrove Lumber Company began operation 
in 1926 as the Auman Lumber Company. It was 
purchased in 1944 by A.L. Ashburn, Jr., the South 
Atlantic Lumber Company and others. Fire de- 
stroyed the company in 1949 but it was rebuilt. When 
Mr. Ashburn died in 1967, Vernon King became 

Luck's Beans have also made Seagrove famous. 
This business was started in 1947 as Mountain View 
Canning Company by Alfred Spencer and Ivey Luck 
to do home canning for people of the area with the 
production of approximately 200 cans per hour. In 
1948 Clay Presnell joined the company. In 1953 the 
name of the company was changed to Luck's. Incor- 
porated, when C.C. Smith bought an interest 
in it. By 1967 the company had expanded to produce 
more than fourteen items and the management de- 
cided to merge with American Home Products. 
Twenty-four vegetable and meat products are now 
sold throughout the country. 

Mid-State Plastics which was organized in 1971 
makes a wide variety of plastics on a contract basis. 
Jack Lail is President of the company which has ex- 
panded to new quarters on Highway 220 north of 

Seagrove is the only incorporated town in the 
southern half of the county and is only three miles 
from the Montgomery County line. 

John W. Staley home, torn down 1978. 

Staley Wesleyan Church. 

Staley School gymnasium, torn down 1979. 

Staley Store and Post Office. 

Mid-State Plastics. Seagrove. 

-., 160' 

Seagrove Lumber Company. 

Luck's, Inc. 

Dorothy Auman at Seagrove Pottery. 
Auman home at Seagrove. 


ASHEBORO The village of Asheboro was trans- 
formed by the railroad. Not only did 
the center of town move closer to the tracks but new 
residents swelled the population figures from 510 in 
1890 to 1,865 in 1910. Before World War I several 
new industries were established, two banks and two 
savings and loan associations were organized, munic- 
ipal services and utilities were started; and many new 
homes were built. 

From 1870 to 1900 there had been some growth in 
the village, but it was not spectacular. Asheboro 
functioned as a county seat and a trading center, but 
not as an industrial community. New stores were es- 
tablished by E.A. Moffitt, McAlister and Morris, 
W.P. Wood and Company, W.H. Moring and Com- 
pany, Ross and Rush Livery Stables and Morris Drug 
Company. Wood and Moring became partners and 
moved their store to the corner of Depot and Fayet- 
teville Streets in 1899. There was an interest in gold 
mining even though not all prospects were worked. 

Industries in 1894 were Asheboro Roller Mills, 
Burns Carriage and Buggy Works, Asheboro Wood 
and Iron Works (Moffitt family), W.A. Grimes Shut- 
tle Block Factory, Asheboro Lumber and Manufac- 
turing Company and Pressnell Buggy and Carriage 
Repair Shop. 

In 1904 members of the Ross family purchased the 
Asheboro Lumber and Manufacturing Company 
from C.C. McAlister and formed a company named 
the Home Building Material Company. J.D. Ross 
was President and Arthur Ross was Secretary- 
Treasurer. They sold out their interests to L. Ferree 
Ross and later Esther Ross joined the firm as Secre- 
tary. This company also organized the Asheboro 
Coffin and Casket Company and operated it in the 
same office. On Ferree Ross' retirement his son-in- 
law, Robert L. Reese, became manager. The firm 
was sold to Hedgecock Builders, Inc., in 1956. 

D.B. McCrary, T.H. Redding and W.J. Armfield, 
Jr., purchased in 1909 the two-year-old Acme 
Hosiery Mill and developed the operation of the mill 
into a substantial business. Redding's untimely death 
in 1918 left the responsibility to McCrary whose 
sons, Charles Walker and James Franklin, and T. 
Henry Redding, Jr., joined him in the company later. 
Kemp Alexander was Superintendent of the plant 
until his retirement in 1948. Under McCrary's able 
leadership the company continued to expand. In 1916 
it purchased the Cedar Falls Mill and renamed it 
Sapona Cotton Mills; in 1927 the company opened 
the McCrary Hosiery Mills for the manufacture of 
full-fashioned hosiery; in 1938 the expansion in- 
cluded Ramseur Hosiery Mills; and in the 1950's the 
company transferred knitting operations to a new 
plant on East Pritchard Street in Asheboro. 

Its products mirror the changes in fashions over 
seventy years: cotton ribbed stockings in two colors 
(black and cordovan), rayon and cotton combina- 
tions, rayon, silk, nylon and newer synthetics for 


hosiery, meanwhile progressing from heavy gauge to 
sheer and from short hose to panty hose. Each of 
these changes brought about the purchase of new 
machinery. In 1978 the company added men's socks 
to its list of products. 

This company has been very much a part of the 
community and has made substantial contributions to 
the Asheboro City Schools, the Randolph Hospital. 
the Randolph Public Library, the churches in the 
county, the recreation projects and to numerous spe- 
cial activities. 

In 1895 C.C. Cranford moved to Asheboro from 
Concord Township at the age of 20. His first 
employment was driving a delivery wagon for the 
Asheboro Roller Mills, a job which he used to learn 
more about business. Later his interests in business 
and construction led him to organize hosiery and fur- 
niture companies and to build several plants and 
commercial buildings. 

He first purchased stock in the Asheboro Roller 
Mills and then sold it, organized the Crown Milling 
Company and sold it in 1913 to the Southern Milling 
Company which was then operated as the Southern 
Crown Milling Company until 1958 by the W.F. Red- 
ding family. 

In 1908 he purchased the Randolph Chair Com- 
pany from G.G. Hendricks. Hendricks had bought 
out the Asheboro Furniture Company which had 
been started by O.R. Cox, P.H. Morris, and W.F. 
Redding. The plant had made fine oak bedroom furni- 
ture. Cranford operated the Randolph Chair Com- 
pany until he converted the plant into a hosiery mill. 

In addition to the Randolph which produced cane 
bottom chairs, he organized with others the Cranford 
Furniture Company, the Asheboro Veneer Compa- 
ny, the National Chair Company and the Piedmont 
Chair Company. Asheboro Veneer was managed by 
E.H. Cranford. It burned in 1926. Piedmont was 
managed by C.L. Cranford. National Chair Company 
is now Dixie Furniture Company. 

In 1917 he built the Asheboro Hosiery Mills to 
manufacture men's half hose and expanded the com- 
pany to make ladies' hose as well. By 1937 the mills 
were making full-fashioned hosiery. The mills are 
now under the management of Cranford's grandson, 
S.D. Cranford, Jr. 

The buildings he or members of his family were 
responsible for building were the ones which housed 
Cranford Industries, the ones occupied by Union 
Carbide, Klopman's in North Asheboro, McCown- 
Smith, Hall-Knott, Belk- Yates, the Bus Station and 

W.C. Page and Arthur Presnell started a factory in 
1926 to manufacture cane bottom chairs. By 1930 the 
firm was making the rocker which became famous as 
the choice of President John F. Kennedy. It has also 
been a popular chair with many local people. When 
Presnell moved to Ramseur, Page was joined by his 
two sons, W.C, Jr., and Wade S., who now operate 

E.A. Moffitt General Store, Asheboro. Main Street, East Side, near Court 
House, burned 1895. 

W.D. Stedman and Son Grocery Store. 


W.D. Stedman and Son Grocery Store, ca. 1910. 


Sunset Avenue looking East, ca. 1907; fire destroyed wooden buildings 
on left in 1908. 

Sunset Avenue looking West, ca. 1914. 

Bank of Randolph and Drug Store, ca. 1908. 



Sunset Avenue at Fayetteville Street, 1903, three scenes. 

Randolph Tribune office building, 1926; owned by A.I. Ferree and Wiley 
Ward, 1924-1934, with Ferree as Editor and Claude Elmore as shop fore- 
man (and also part-owner): sold to Roy Cox in 1934. 

Randolph Tribune Shop. 

First street scraper, ca. 1914. in Asheboro. 


Full fashioned knitting machines, 1930's. 

Dye vats at Acme McCrary Corporation, 1947 

Acme-McCrary Corporation, 1909-1959. 

Acme-McCrary Corporation, Looping and Seaming Room, 1947. 

^ J i w» » ■■»»r» ^— — ■■■■ — — -— _. 


Southern Crown Milling Company. 

2b LBS. 






Asheboro Roller Mills, ca. 1908. 


tarn ■ 

Asheboro Wheelbarrow Company, 1912-1930. 



■■*■' 4 ?)^&*fr*&$i 

The Carolina (Kennedy) Rocker, by P. & P. Chair Company. 

Bossong Hosiery Mills, 1928 and 1950. 

the business. 

Dal K. Rich and Son, Inc., are now engaged in the 
sale of bricks, representatives of the two present 
generations of a family which started making and sell- 
ing bricks in 1865. Anthony Rich owned a brick yard 
on Panther Creek. His son, Henry Clay, left for In- 
diana with the group that left Panther Creek but re- 
turned home to Asheboro and built a brickyard on 
Silver Street at Center Street. His son, O. Elmer, 
father of Dal Rich, moved the brickyard in 1914 south 
to where Country Club Road now intersects South 
Fayetteville Street. Later he moved it to a location 
off Highway 49. It is closed, but the firm carries on 
the business of selling other brick products. 

Dreamland Mattress Company was started in 1926 
by Gurney A. Patterson, a blind man, who moved to 
Asheboro after being prepared by a special school in 
Durham to make mattresses. He operated this com- 
pany until 1942. The firm was purchased by Adam 
Hunt who was joined later by W.W. Fulp. In 1970 
they sold the business to Ray Smith, the present 

In 1934 L.L. Whitaker purchased the Asheboro 
Broom Company in operation since 1918 from C.C. 
Cranford and moved it from South Church Street to 
North Fayetteville Street. His son, Wiley M. 
Whitaker, now owns the company (which he has re- 
named Bess Maid, Inc.) and has included janitorial 
supplies in addition to brooms. He has also organized 
Whit, Inc., to manufacture car care kits and has built 
a new plant for both companies on Highway 64E. 

Bossong Hosiery Mills was organized by two 
brothers in New York City. Charles G. and Joseph C. 
Bossong, in 1927. The next year Charles G. moved to 
Asheboro and opened the company which manufac- 
tures women's hosiery. The complete process from 
knitting to packaging is carried out in the plant on 
West Salisbury Street. The two sons of Charles G., 
Charles J. and Joseph C are with the firm. 

In 1930 Sulon Stedman and his father, W.D. Sted- 
man, organized the Stedman Manufacturing Com- 
pany to produce handkerchiefs. By 1945 the com- 
pany was making T-shirts for the Navy. It has con- 
tinued to produce T-shirts and other items of men's 
wear, but at the present time its products include 
sports clothing for men, women and children. They 
are sold world-wide and the company has expanded 
many times in Asheboro and in other communities. 
Sulon Stedman's son, W. David Stedman, is Presi- 
dent. The office is located on South Fayetteville 

Industries which were established in Asheboro be- 
tween 1930 and 1945 include the following firms 
which were started by local men. 

In 1934 the Tie-Rite Neckwear Company which 
was owned by E.R. Shaw opened on South Cox 
Street. In the 1950's the plant was moved to East 
Salisbury Street at Main Street and expanded. 

Roosevelt Hinshaw opened the Hinshaw Hosiery 
Mills in 1939 to make children's socks. The mills are 
located on Skye Drive not far from the Hinshaw Air- 
port, another of Hinshaw's interests. 

Local business men organized the Mid-State Paper 
Box Company in 1939. E.O. Schaefer was the first 
manager and W.M. Watts served as President for 
almost twenty years before his retirement in 1977. 

Since World War II there has come to Asheboro a 
diversification of industry beyond that in evidence 
before 1940. The first national companies who moved 
to this county were manufacturers of new kinds of 
products which supplemented the products made 
here from the basic materials of wood and textiles. 

Pinehurst Textiles was organized in 1946 by John 
F. Redding and A.D. Potter for the manufacture of 
ladies' lingerie. Potter sold his stock in the company 
in 1956 to Clyde Graves and opened the Potter Man- 
ufacturing Company with his brother, A.J. 

In 1947 National Carbon opened a plant on Al- 
bemarle Road for its Eveready Battery Division. This 
company has changed its name to Union Carbide and 
has added a second plant on Art Bryan Drive in 
North Asheboro in 1968. 

In 1954 Klopman which had opened the Asheboro 
Weaving Plant in 1947 and had later renamed it 
Klopman, became a division of Burlington Indus- 
tries. This plant makes the stretch fabrics used in the 
world of fashion for clothes of many kinds advertised 
by "You can Lean on Klopman." 

The Burlington Industries plant in Central Falls 
makes industrial materials. Burlington first pur- 
chased this plant in the 1930's. 

Burlington Socks, located in North Asheboro on 
West Balfour Avenue, manufactures dress and cas- 
ual socks for men, women and children. 

New in 1948 was the branch of the Blue Gem Man- 
ufacturing Company which produced ladies' 
sportswear, pants, skirts and shirts. The company 
was purchased by Blue Bell, Inc., in 1971 and the 
plant is located on Hoover Street in the building 
where Stedman Manufacturing Company was first in 

In 1951 the Richard Grey Hosiery Mill was opened 
for the manufacture of ladies' hosiery. It now makes 
griege hosiery on special orders for other companies 
who finish the hosiery for sale. The company is a 
subsidiary of the Jung Products, Inc., of Cincinnati, 

General Electric Company established a plant on 
South Fayetteville Street in 1952 for the manufacture 
of electric blankets, but the company is now making 
small electric household appliances. 

Smart Styles, Inc. was organized in 1954 and is 
managed by Lawrence G. Schwarz. The company 
manufactures women's clothing. 

Stedman Manufacturing Company on Hoover Street. 

Tube knitting machines at Stedman's, 1947. 

National Carbon Company, 1947. 
General Electric Company, 1955. 


Burlington Industries — Klopman, 1950's. 

Processing threads — Step 3. 

Weaving looms in operation — Step 4. 

Cotton separator — Step 1 . 
Carding equipment — Step 2. 

Air-jet processor — last of 5 steps. 

B.B. Walker opened a plant for the manufacture of 
shoes in 1956 after having sold shoes of other mak- 
ers. The business prospered and was moved to a 
building on Highway 64-49 near South Cox Street. In 
1964 Harrelson Rubber Company became a wholly- 
owned subsidiary and in 1970 Dick Weeks Construc- 
tion Company was added. All three units became 
part of the B.B. Walker Company in 1972. The death 
of Walker in 1973 brought adjustments, but the firm 
continues to grow. 

J.M. Ramsay, Jr., started Rampon Products, Inc., 
in 1960 for the highly specialized manufacture of 
therapeutic elastic stockings for men and women. 
Another company, JRA Industries, makes elastic 
yarn to sell to companies making products from the 
yarn. Both of these are wholly owned subsidiaries of 
Jung Products of Cincinnati, Ohio. 

The Cetwick Silk Mills were organized in 1928 to 
spin raw silk into strands for the makers of hosiery. 
E.L. Cetwick was President; L.E. Milks was 
Secretary-Manager: and Clara Cetwick was Treasur- 
er. The Cetwick and Milks families moved to Ashe- 
boro from Pennsylvania. The company flourished 
until the supply of silk was cut off by World War II. It 
was purchased by Burlington Mills which now oper- 
ates it as a Klopman unit manufacturing tricot jersey 

McLaurin Cranford purchased the Keystone Man- 
ufacturing Company, a company which manufac- 
tured men's half-hose. Before Cranford's death in 
1945 he sold the plant to Burlington Mills. 

L-Ranch Furniture Company was started by W.C. 
Lucas in 1962 on South Church Street. The firm 
makes Early American furniture. 

United Products was opened in 1958 to manufac- 
ture wood items of several types by John C. Cagle, 
Jr. The plant is in Industrial Park. 

Stuart Furniture Industries was organized by 
Stuart Love in 1963 to make furniture for mobile 
homes. The company has rapidly expanded and now 
occupies seven plants in its operation. President now 
is Thomas A. Jordan. 

Georgia Pacific Corporation established a com- 
pany on South Fayetteville Street in 1969 and man- 
ufactures corrugated shipping boxes of all sizes and 
kinds according to customer specifications. 

Color Chip Corporation makes colorants for plas- 
tics. The company is located on Highway 49 South 
and J.B. Chip is President. 

Champagne Dye Works which dyes and finishes 
knitted cloth was established in 1973 on Yzex Street 
with Edward Dombrowski as Manager. 

Tex-Fi established its second plant in the county in 
Asheboro on Pineview Road in 1974. The company 
spins polyester fibers. 

Two companies which should be mentioned for 
their contributions to the economy of Asheboro dur- 
ing the years that they were open are the Asheboro 

Manufacture of shoes by machine. 

B.B. Walker Company, 1950's. 

Wheelbarrow and Manufacturing Company, 1912- 
1930; and the Tip-Top Hosiery Company, 1932-1972. 

The apparel industry is also represented by Bost 
Neckwear, Sew Special, Kratex, Shapiro and Shap- 
iro, Randolph Apparel and Rave; the hosiery indus- 
try by Nantucket (formerly Charmeuse), Arch, Ann 
Carol, B&S, Banner, Crawford, Cushion Knit, Dor- 
Ian. M&D, Linda, Mar-Mac, Small, Sumner, Swic- 
kett, Von Tex, Wells, York and Zooland. 

Furniture companies include B&H Panel, Lu-Ran, 
Kidd, Karel, J&G Panel, Central and Ashe Craft, 
Caraway Furniture Manufacturers are located near 
Caraway Mountain west of Asheboro. 

In 1939 Richard E. Moore opened an office as 
Consulting Engineer to North Carolina municipalities 
in the problems they face with surveying property, 
water supplies, flooding, waste water, and with other 
engineering projects requiring research and de- 
velopment of plans. The firm in Asheboro is now 
known as Moore, Gardner and Associates. Moore is 
Chairman of the Board and Joseph E. Hardee, Sr., is 
President. Their new building located at 110 West 
Walker Avenue was completed in 1973. 





First National Bank, Sunset and North Streets, 1907. 

Bank of Randolph with watering fountain, 1932. 

Republican Rally. 1904, corner of Sunset and Church in Asheboro: Riders 
came from Randleman. 



. w j - 


IS * •,' .•* . A -■; ft * 

%y n - ■ - ■ ■ \ ;■■.* r - 

«% V 

C.C. Cranford home, corner of Sunset and Church, after it became Pugh 
Funeral Home. 

South Fayetteville Street. 1938. 


S B 

North FayetteviUe Street, looking North. 

South FayetteviUe Street (1920's), showing Post Office. 

North FayetteviUe Street, looking South. 

South FayetteviUe Street 

Sunset Avenue, looking East. 

Sunset Avenue, looking West. 

Photographs of Asheboro in the 1950's make a composite picture of the city's center. 


South Fayetteville Street near Academy Street, Asheboro, 1935 

O.R. Cox home, Asheboro, 1908. 

.., . 


3 B 0t % p <t ' ;~ .* 

Sunset Avenue, looking East, ca. 1920. 

' -JPLbi. . 

G.G. Hendricks home on Sunset Avenue near Park Street, ca. 1908. 


' I * 

Asheboro panorama. 1924. 



W.P. Wood home on East Salisbury Street, Asheboro. 

D.B. McCrary home. Worth Street, Asheboro. 

W.H. Moring home on South Fayetteville Street, Asheboro. 

J.S. Lewis home, South Fayetteville St., Asheboro, now Harrison Apart- 

J.S. Lewis home. Sunset Avenue, Asheboro, 1914. 

E.A. Moffitt — S.L. Hayworth home. Main Street, Asheboro. 


Company K in line on Worth Street, 1917. 

Company K marching on South Fayetteville Street, 1917. 


Mr. Delbert Lucas, of Union township, died at 
Camp Jackson, Columbia, S.C., last week follow- 
ing measles and pneumonia. His parents, Mr. and 
Mrs. Bethel Lucas of Seagrove Star Route, were at 
the bedside of their son when the end came. Mr. 
Lucas left Asheboro December 4 with Randolph's 
last increment of selected men. He was the only 
son of his parents, both of whom survive him, also 
a sister. Funeral was conducted by Rev. Davis, of 
High Point, at Pleasant Hill, after which inter- 
ment followed. 

The Courier. Asheboro, N.C., January 17, 1918. 

WORLD WAR I Company K, 3rd Batallion, 
120th Infantry Regiment, 30th 
Division of the Army of the United States, was com- 
posed almost entirely of men from Randolph County. 
When war was declared on Germany on April 6, 
1917, this Guard company was called to duty and in 
September was sent to Camp Sevier, Greenville, 
South Carolina, for training. 

They left by train from Asheboro after a rousing 
farewell ceremony by the entire town, full of assur- 
ances that they would bring about an end to the 
Kaiser's aggression and return home shortly. The 
winter they spent in Camp Sevier was beset with 
many problems. The months of December and Janu- 
ary were unusually severe with snow and sleet 
storms so that training was interrupted; four mess 
halls burned and because of the weather they were 
hard to replace; several of the men contracted 
measles, mumps, tuberculosis and pneumonia, and 
quarantines were imposed for spinal meningitis and 
for smallpox. The men built their own shelters and 
other buildings from the pine trees in the area. Day- 
light saving time was ordered to begin on April 1 in 
order to allow more time for training. The Division 
chose the name "Old Hickory," Andrew Jackson's 
nickname, as representative of the character of the 

Company K was commanded by Captain Ben F. 
Dixon, of Gastonia, who planned to set up an office 
for the practice of law in Asheboro when the war was 
over. He was a graduate of Trinity College and had 
completed post-graduate work at Columbia Universi- 
ty. He had been made commanding officer of the 
company during the engagement at the Mexican Bor- 
der in 1916 and had spent the summer of 1917 in 
Asheboro. His father was B.F. Dixon, at one time 
president of Greensboro College. He was known as a 
gentleman in every sense of the word whose influ- 
ence was felt by those who served under him, for he 
was like an elder brother whose first concern was for 
the men in his company. 

The company landed in France on June 5, 1918. 
The war lasted less than six months after they ar- 
rived, but the men found that it was terrible. Warfare 
conducted from trenches was bitter and ugly. Com- 
bat airplanes new to the world were used to bomb 
troops and cities. Poison gases proved painful to 
many men, to some of them for years. 

The 3rd Battalion fought in engagements from July 
through September, but the most vicious fighting was 
on September 29 when it was assigned to the British 
Army for the attempt to break the Hindenburg Line. 
They fought with troops from Australia in the area of 
the San Quentin Canal and were successful in break- 
ing through the Bellicourt Tunnel on the canal. This 
strong structure had been built by Napoleon and had 
been skillfully fortified by the Germans. This break in 
the line helped to turn the tide against the enemy. 

The engagement began before dawn on the 29th 
with an artillery barrage under which men were to 


gain ground by a series of steps marked out by tape 
the night before by Lt. Clarence J. Lovett and the 
engineers. Sergeant Colin Bunting was in command 
of the platoon commanded by Lt. Hal Walker who 
had been hospitalized with an eye injury. A dense fog 
added to the smoke from the guns of the artillery 
units caused much confusion. Captain Dixon was kill- 
ed in the battle attempting to keep his men from 
running into the allied barrage. On that day many 
men were wounded and 27 men lost their lives. Only 
67 out of 208 returned to camp. 

The men were involved in other engagements in 
October before the armistice was signed at 11:00 a.m. 
on November 11. They sailed for home on April 1, 

In addition to Company K other men from Ran- 
dolph were drafted. Those inducted into the Army 
were sent to Camp Jackson, South Carolina, for 
training, assigned to the 81st Division of the Army 
and sent to France. Other draftees were assigned to 
the Navy, the Marine Corps and other units of the 
armed services. 

On the home front people did without many items 
considered necessities. There were "wheatless, 
sweetless and heatless days" during which each per- 
son was supposed to deprive himself of these foods 
and fuel even if they were available. This was volun- 
tary rationing and in patriotic fervor, most people 
complied. Liberty Bonds and stamps were sold to 
adults and children in large quantities. The local Red 
Cross Chapter made many bandages, sweaters and 
other items for the hospitals and the men in service. 
There were even Junior Red Cross groups, whose 
members did what they could. 

No one who lived at the time, however, can forget 
the Spanish influenza epidemic which swept the 
county and caused 105 deaths. There were 548,000 
deaths in the nation, far outnumbering the 116,700 

Company K leaving for camp, 1917. 

Digging trenches in training at Camp Sevier. 

" 30th DIVISION 



I [R| I . 

Map of the Hindenburg Line, 
September 29, 1918. 

Grand Prtel Farm jt 

deaths caused by the war. Hardly a family escaped 
having one or more members very sick with the dis- 
ease. In fact, whole families were ill with no one to 
nurse them or bring food, for fear of contagion kept 
most people in their own homes. No one was im- 
mune, for it was a totally new disease. The epidemic 
was severe for three months (October-January) and 
the illnesses lasted throughout the winter of 1918- 

World War I was the first national war of conse- 
quence in which there was no fighting on Randolph 
County soil. 

Member of Company K on guard. 
Federal Building under construction. 1937-1938, for Post Office. 


NATIONAL GUARD In 1911 a call was issued 

through the newspapers 
asking that all men interested in organizing a com- 
pany of infantry in the State Guard meet at the Court 
House. The notice was signed by James Kivett and 
George Ross. 

The company was organized as Company K with 
James Kivett as commanding officer. Officers 
changed from time to time over the years. T. Fletcher 
Bulla and E.L. Hedrick were Captains; Lieutenants 
were B.F. Brittain, C.E. Elmore, J. Ed Mendenhall 
and others. Men in all walks of life at one time or 
another joined the Guards for training and the two 
weeks encampment. 

Company K returned to Asheboro from duty on 
the Mexican Border early in 1917 in time for the de- 
claration of war against Germany in April . The Guard 
was activated as a unit of the United States Army and 
assigned to the 30th Division. 

After the war Company K was mustered out and 

In 1921 the National Guard was reorganized, but 
this county was not assigned one of the new com- 
panies. In 1928 Headquarters Company, 3rd Battal- 
ion, 12th Infantry, was organized here as a unit of the 
North Carolina National Guard. Clarence J. Lovett 
was Commanding Officer and Roy Cox was First 
Lieutenant. Lovett resigned in 1934; Cox became 
Commanding Officer and Vance Kivett was made 
2nd Lieutenant. They served until 1942. The local 
company did not enter World War II as a unit. 

The company stationed in the county in 1979 is the 
Detachment I, 1131st Signal Company, 130th Signal 
Battalion, North Carolina National Guard. 

In addition to the National Guard, men from Ran- 
dolph County still belong to Army, Air Force, Navy 
and other reserve units which meet in other towns in 
the state. 

Armories have been located in the upstairs of the 
building at 219 Sunset Avenue and in the basement of 
the building on the corner of Sunset and Church 
Streets (Northwest corner) — "drill field" was Sun- 
set Avenue to Park Street; on Church Street opposite 
Memorial Park; and now in a building erected on 
South Fayetteville Street at Country Club Road in 

DEPRESSION YEARS The Depression means the 
1930-1939 depression of the 1930's to 

all who lived through those years, for it was unlike 
any other period in the history of the nation. There 
have been hard times before and since, and indi- 
vidual lives have been under economic stress even in 
good times, but in no other modern time have as 
many persons been in distress at once. 

No one description fits the situation in Randolph 
County. After the Bank Holiday on March 6, 1933, 
two banks opened in Asheboro, one stayed closed 
but later paid off its investors; the bank in Randle- 


Li I 

man opened and served many people from 
Greensboro who were without a bank: the ones in 
Ramseur and Liberty did not reopen; the Bank of 
Coleridge had stayed open throughout the Holiday 
because the officers did not receive the message to 
close. The banks in Franklinville and Seagrove had 
closed voluntarily. 

The percentage of unemployment was never as 
high county-wide as was the nation's which hovered 
around 25%, but there were pockets of unemploy- 
ment. The plants in Randleman closed, leaving the 
city without a payroll from 1930 to 1934. Most of the 
others stayed open by reducing wages and shortening 
hours, thus providing some employment for more 

Businesses extended credit: barter became popular 
again; people did without many material "bles- 
sings"; people helped each other. It helped to realize 
that almost everyone was in like circumstances. 

Those who did not owe payments on homes, 
farms, cars or businesses were able to weather the 
years by living very thriftily. Those who had bor- 
rowed recently for home or business purposes and 
had then lost their jobs usually lost the property for 
which they had borrowed, for they could not make 
the payments. 

Prices plunged to levels within reach of all who had 
cash on hand. If cash was not available, resources 
other than money were important. Clothes could be 
worn until threadbare; gardens could produce food 
for eating and preservation; people could walk or 
pool transportation; wood and coal were used for 

For some the stress of the Depression was the loss 
of hope. Discouragement led to despair when there 
seemed to be no way out of the situation. There were 
children who went to school hungry and probably 
had no food all day for there were no school 
cafeterias. Men were faced in their joblessness with 
families to care for. Conditions were worse in many 
areas of the county than they were in the towns, 
especially in Asheboro. 

The most difficult years were from 1930 to 1935. 
By then special Federal programs brought jobs and 
supplies to help. The Works Progress Administration 
(WPA) opened three sewing rooms in the Court 
House to make clothing for distribution to those who 
qualified for aid and began other projects. The 
County received surplus foods for those in need. The 
book-mending project employees mended school and 
public library books. Some persons were employed 
with WPA funds for public service jobs. 

The Public Works Administration (PWA) or Works 
Progress Administration (WPA) approved several 
building projects in the county. Among them were 
the Asheboro Municipal Building, Agricultural Build- 
ing, Brower School, Asheboro Post Office on Sunset 
and Church Streets (now Federal Building), the 
Asheboro Municipal Golf Course and others 

throughout the county which are still in service after 
over forty years have passed. 

The Civilian Conservation Corps set up a camp 
near Ramseur for young men who could not find 
work and supervised their projects in soil conserva- 
tion and forestry. They terraced land, cleared out 
brush, planted pine seedlings, helped build ponds, 

Escape from the burdens of the time was found in 
the light-hearted movies and musicals, in the comedy 
of radio programs, in the wit of men like Will Rogers, 
or in enjoying the simple pleasures of visiting with 
friends, walking and reading. 

The depression was phased out as the industries 
geared up for the Lend-Lease program to help the 
allies from 1939 to 1941 when this country was also 
involved in World War II. 

Johnson Service Station, Main and Salisbury Streets, 1932. 


"This reminds me of the time when both Mr. 
Hammer and I had been in court all morning with 
no time to go home for dinner. Mr. Hammer got 
out of court before I did and in the office found a 
lunch Sug had sent down for me. He ate every bite. 
After awhile I came in, saw the empty tray which I 
knew was ours, and realized what had happened. I 
didn't say anything thinking he would give me his 
when it came. Pretty soon a boy brought it. He sat 
down and ate that, too. It was late in the afternoon 
before it dawned on him that I had gone all day 
without food. 'Moser, I swan, I believe I ate your 
lunch!' That was several years before he went to 
Congress and our partnership has been dissolved 
for a long time, but I've never forgotten how hun- 
gry I was all that afternoon. It was too funny to see 
Mr. Hammer eat a meal. He always began on 
whatever he saw first, pie, cake, or what not, and 
go straight on until he had finished everything, 
talking as hard as he could all the time." 
From I.C. Moser's Diary, October 16, 1934. 




United States of America 
off!ce of price administration 


[Mr*. C.C. Cantari 




iPii\\ t^tooro ish_C 



fy 9/4 Z. ZZ^JJ^J* 

(YEAR ■ 


Ida re i 


Gasoline Ration Book, World War II 

Ll Or- 3ed. 





I. . Coupons .can be used only in connection* - 
with the-vehicle described'on I 
cover. Detached coupons as e VOID. * 


2. If yon ?top using your car, this book * 

and all ununed coupon* must be gut- [ 
rendered to your Board within S days. * 

3, If you •ell your car. this book and all • 

unused coupons muat be surrender-d 
to your Board. The purchaser will 
not t>e iiMied • daacline ration unless 
he presents the receipt which you re- 
ceive at the time of such surrender. 





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Coupons for gasoline. World War II. 

War bond sales at the Post Office. 

WORLD WAR II The spirit of the people during 
the second world war was quite 
different from that of the first. Gone was the confi- 
dence and exhilaration of 1917 experienced by troops 
who were on their way to assist other nations in a 
"war to end all wars." This time this nation had been 
attacked. The seriousness of the situation resulted in 
a business-like approach to the problems involved in 
winning the war. 

The four years of the war took their toll on the 
people of the county. Industry was under orders to 
produce quotas of textiles and other products, long 
hours of work were demanded and sacrifices of time 
and materials were made. The most able of the age 
group from seventeen to thirty were inducted into the 
armed services, leaving fewer people at home to ac- 
complish the war efforts required of the civilian pop- 
ulation. Plants were sometimes desperate for work- 
ers. Many Randolph County citizens left to accept 
jobs with manufacturers of planes, ships, tanks and 
other equipment needed by the armed services lo- 
cated in Maryland, Virginia, Tennessee and other 
states, as well as in North Carolina. People from sur- 
rounding counties came to work in the Randolph 
County industries. It was an uncertain, uprooting 
time, the effects of which are still being felt. 

Any imported products were on the list of shor- 
tages. Steel, oil and rubber were essential to the war 
effort, for warfare was now dependent on motor veh- 
icles, airplanes and ships operated by gasoline or die- 
sel fuel. Gasoline and tires were rationed according 
to the status of the owner of the car: those who 
needed transportation for the war effort received a B 
or C book of tickets for gas and those who did not 
qualify in this way received an A book. It was possi- 
ble to swap ration tickets, but everyone was cautious 
in making such arrangements toward the last of the 
ration period. 

Scarce items of food were rationed: coffee, tea, 
sugar, meat and others. Some were not available to 
be rationed. Coupons and blue and red tokens were 
issued and had to be produced along with the money 
when purchases were made. Homemakers hoarded 
coupons at times in order to have something extra to 
serve, but for the most part the coupons covered the 
daily fare. Tobacco was in short supply because far- 
mers were engaged in growing other products, were 
in service or in war-time industry. The demand of the 
service men for cigarettes had priority over any other 

Over 4,500 men and women served in the war from 
this county. Of these 135 died in combat, in acci- 
dents, or from wounds received in battle. Many were 
injured and the loss of life would have been greater 
had not the wounded received better care than in any 
previous war. There were new methods of handling 
casualties with an expanded Medical Corps. Atten- 
tion was provided more quickly and new medicines 
were available, notably penicillin and the sulphur 


Daily there appeared in the papers and in the let- 
ters received from sons, husbands and brothers in 
service names of places hitherto unknown to the res- 
idents of the county. Atlases and maps of the war 
theaters were beside every radio in order to identify 
these places. War Information Centers were set up in 
each library in the county for those who wished to 
learn more about the expanded world. 

The war came close to the residents of the county 
as they saw convoys of troops move through, as units 
from Fort Bragg and Camp Mackall conducted man- 
euvers in the forests, and when men returned home 
on leave. Members of the churches in the county 
invited service men for a weekend or for Sunday 
dinner, especially those stationed at Camp Mackall 
which was near Hoffman in Rockingham County. 

Volunteers working under the guidance of the 
American Red Cross local unit knitted sweaters long 
before the United States entered the war. "Bundles 
for Britain" included sweaters and other items for 
adults and children. After this country was at war the 
Red Cross supplied navy and brown yarn with pat- 
terns and a list of sizes to all those who would knit 
sweaters or scarfs for the men in service. Volunteers 
delivered the yarn throughout the county and re- 
turned to pick up the finished products. 

Rooms were set up where volunteers rolled ban- 
dages and other supplies for the hospitals. Young 
people helped with these activities, having been or- 
ganized into Junior Red Cross groups. 

The Red Cross offered a number of first aid classes 
for local residents. During the first two years of the 
war there was a great emphasis on civil prepared- 
ness, part of which was to be able to take care of the 
wounded and sick. There was also a Canteen Corps 
to deliver food and other necessities to the 

County residents purchased war bonds and stamps 
in large quantities, always exceeding the quotas set. 
The bonds have been used by all those who saved 
them for special purchases, for education and for that 
"rainy day" since the war. They are still being of- 
fered and purchased as savings bonds. 

Conservation was the rule of the day. Not only did 
residents save in every way possible in the use of 
materials, but they planted Victory Gardens and pre- 
served the surplus crops. 

This county was not in the blackout zone, but 
households were requested to use only those lights 
that were needed. 

After the first two years when allied troops seemed 
to be turning the tide of war, the strain eased a bit, 
but the stress remained until after VE and VJ days. 
An examination of the dates of the deaths of the men 
lost in the war from this county shows that the major- 
ity of them died in 1944. Casualties were heavier dur- 
ing the last two years because of the drives in the 
European theater in France and Italy and in the 
Pacific against the islands of Saipan. Tarawa, Iwo 

Randolph County men leaving the Greensboro Depot, World War II. 

ASHEBORO, Nov. 27. - Some 200 persons at- 
tended the Thanksgiving supper at the Ramseur 
Town Hall last night given by the Columbia Man- 
ufacturing Company, of Ramseur, for company 
employees. Service pins were awarded to 138 em- 
ployees of the company, which is now 100 per cent 
under wartime priority production. 

Annie Caviness took the spotlight when she was 
awarded a 45-year gold-with-pearl-setting pin along 
with I. F. Craven and Charles G. Whitehead. Miss 
Caviness began work at the company in Septem- 
ber, 1897, Craven in February, 1894, and 
Whitehead in May, 1897. Craven began work at the 
plant at less than $5 per week. 

Miss Caviness is one of a large family employed 
at the plant over three generations. Levi Caviness 
came to Ramseur in 1897 from a Fall Creek farm 
in Chatham County. He was unable to work but 
his children and their children did. Others in the 
family with long service records are Ambrose L., 
James H., Joseph L., and Mamie, all in the 40-year 
group, and Nora and Rosa F., in the 30-year group. 

When Alton W. Craven greeted the gathering, he 
said, "Although our goods are sold under priority 
ratings far ahead and we are pressed harder and 
harder for full production and fast delivery of our 
fabrics to help in our war effort, we want to stop a 
few hours, even though we have to make up these 
hours next Saturday." 

President Fletcher Craven said in an interview 
later that as far as material growth of the company 
was concerned, "We shipped out a carload of our 
product the other day for the west coast which was 
valued at more than Watkins paid for the entire 
mill and more than the mill and village was worth 
in 1879." 

He said the most important thing was the oppor- 
tunity Columbia gave to so many "when it took us 
off then very poor farms of Randolph, Chatham 
and Moore counties to give us the chance first for 
bread, for education of ourselves and children, for 
the better things in life. 

"From the newly planted homes in our village 
during the nineties, and since, have gone teachers, 
preachers, leaders and home makers who have 
done much for the betterment of our country." 

Others received pins for forty , thirty-five, thirty, 
twenty-five and twenty years of service with the 
company. Employees in the military service were 
also recognized. 
From the Greensboro Daily News. November 1942. 


The Marines Keep FIT 

n the Victory tc come , , , Hers, too, 
will be the Honor and Glory 

Qood AoUieM ... THE 



Poster used for recruiting in World War II featured James Henry Crutch- 
field. He was a Major in the U.S. Marine Corps, lost in action over Korea 
in 1951. 

World War II poster. 

Blue Star Memorial Highway Marker dedication, 1947: Dr. Henry Jordan and representatives of garden clubs with band, mayor and 


Jima and Okinawa. John McGlohon of Asheboro was 
in a plane over Japan on August 6, 1945, and saw the 
explosion of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima. 

When the war was over the Armed Services sent 
the men home as quickly as Centers could be set up 
for releasing all reserve troops. By early 1946 most of 
the men were home again. 

The men were home and peace had come, but the 
world would never be the same again. Before they 
had had time to forget the experiences of the war, 
men were sent during the years 1950 to 1953 to Korea 
to fight in a terrible war on the Chinese border. 
Young men were still being drafted for the service 
unless they were eligible for an educational or hard- 
ship exemption, for the Selective Service did not end 
until 1973. Following the truce in Korea Americans 
were stationed there for duty. Some units are still 
there. A few men from this county have been as- 
signed to these troops. 

After Korea came Vietnam. As the nation became 
more involved in the fighting there, the reports came 
into every home on the evening news. For the first 
time, the average citizen was witnessing war as it is 
today in all its ugliness. The effect on the people of 
Randolph County was one of shock and repulsion, 
but there were no demonstrations as in other places. 
Young people were directly affected, for they were 
still subject to the draft. Many were called into ser- 
vice and some volunteered, but there was lacking the 
spirit with which World War II had been fought. 
Even so, it was a very real war for those men who 
were sent to Vietnam and to those families who saw 
them go. Thirteen men are known to have lost their 
lives there who were from this county. 

People have always responded to the needs of re- 
fugees removed from their homes because of war or 
natural disasters. After World War II Lutheran 
Churches sponsored a number of Esthonian and Lat- 
vian families who could not go back to their homes. 
These families have become good citizens of Ran- 
dolph. After the Vietnam war churches sponsored 
Vietnam and Cambodian families who were homeless 
and these families have already found roots in 

The war years brought a bit of prosperity to the 
people of the county because of the high production 
and its effects on the economy, but the price was 
dear in the terms of the hardships endured, the lives 
lost and the irrevocable effect on human emotions. 
The world has been in motion for the last fifty years 
because of the upheavals of depression and war. Ad- 
justments to the demands of the "electronics age" 
and the strain of learning to live together in peace 
under the cloud of the atomic bomb cannot be es- 
caped by the descendants of those first settlers two 
hundred years ago in this county. 


A Prelude 
(Randolph County Fair, Friday, September 23, 1927) 

I want to go back, I want to go back 

To the place where I was raised. 
Nobody had much, but we didn't care. 
For folks were kind and they toted fair, 

And bad was bad and good was praised. 

I want to go back, I want to go back 
Where every fifth man's named Cox; 

I want to wade through pastures green. 
Hoping to meet some chap hight Skeen 
And every mile or so a Fox. 

I want to go back, I want to go back - 

Say, where are the Millikans now; 
And the Davises of the old Doug strain, 
The Farlow Quakers and the stanch Coltrane, 

And the Deep River York and Yow? 

I want to go back, I want to go back 

Where the woods are full of Ferrees; 
Where Shamburger weds into the family Howard, 
And the Jennings call on Routh and Coward, 
It would add to my spirit's peace. 

To hear the purr of the Penn Wood branch 

As it flows down to Eck's dam; 
And I want to go with TomWinslow 
In search of Swaim, Lineberry, Prevost 

And meet a Winningham. 

I want to see some of the Spencers, too, 

The Weatherly, Worth and Wrike; 
I want to greet Bullas, Bunches and Browns, 
Get an earful of their ups and their downs. 

See what their children are like. 

I want to see Hooker, Hoover and Hall, 
Shake hands with a Slack and a Spoon 

I want to hear a Hammer in his loudest bawl; 

And if no one else, there's surely a Wall 
Who'll take out for dinner at noon. 

I want to go back on home-coming day, 

I want to see Dorsett and Kearns; 
I want to meet Ashworth from out on Uwharrie, 
I'd like to see Kivetts, Bunjer and Carrie, 

And I've just got to see a Burns. 

Rosses and Rushes and Lamberts and Lowes, 

The Rodgerses and the Robbinses; 
Reddings six feet in their socks, if any, 
Morgans from Caraway - there'll not be many - 

But salt of the earth are these. 

Of the Aumans Darius and Jasper are gone; 

Don't know where Mrs. Dempsey is, 
But I'd stand in line and take my turn 
A half a day for some cooking o'hern - 

Her vittles are simply bliss. 

Want to see Garner, Gatling and Harden, 
Haworth and Hendricks and Hughes, 


4-H Cattle projects. 

Want to see Hancocks and Hammonds and Pages - 
Some of the Hinshaws I've not met for ages - 
Swap lies and pieces of news. 

Used to be Doves over at Franklinville 

Caddels down Ramseur way; 
Do you reckon the Jarrells will be at the fair? 
1 shore would admire to meet Cassan' there 

And pass the time o' day. 

Pritchard and Presnell - where is old Pete? 

Will Sam Porter be on time? 
Where's Julius Hepler and Hez Andrews, 
The Farmer Hubbards and the Randleman Pughs? 

I'll bet a brand new dime 
That Loftin and Loughlin will be on hand. 

And the Johnsons Ed and Clay, 
And if Allreds in passing should be to and fro, 
Be sure to send word to Jim Lutterloh - 

'Bliged to see Jim anyway. 

Moffitt and Marley, Tysor and Trogdon, 

Coffin, Causey, Ty singer, 
Cranford, Caviness, Amick and sich, 
Make way for Sherm Haddock and old Billy Rich - 

A pair that's a humdinger. 

1 want to go back, I want to go back! 

And of all the things, I ween, 
That Ts honing for as the day draws nigh. 
And I think of the Henleys, Lizzie and Levi 

Is a sight of Bill Moreen. 

(Written by O.J. Coffin) 

Typical barns of the present day. 

INDUSTRY As in previous years local residents 
used local financing to form new 
companies or to expand already established county 
industries. The opportunity for employment at- 
tracted people from other places, but the majority of 
the employees were long-time residents. Products 
were still those made from the readily available 
sources of wood and cotton. This was to change by 
1950 because of the advent of new fibers and because 
of the location of national industries in the county, 
but the patterns set for industry in the nineteenth 
century held true for the first half of the twentieth. 

There have been major changes in the cotton mills 
along Deep River. The Cedar Falls plant No. 1 was 
purchased in 1939 by Dr. Henry Jordan and renamed 
the Jordan Spinning Company, then sold again to 
Dixie Yarns in 1978; the Central Falls plant is owned 
by Burlington Mills; Naomi Mill is owned by J. P. 
Stevens Company; the Randleman Mills, Columbia 
Manufacturing Company and Enterprise Company 
are used for warehouses; and Worthville mill and 
Randolph Mills are closed except for the flour and 
feed mill in Franklinville. Soon after World War II 
the mills started selling property and by 1970 most of 
the homes and acreage had been sold. 

A comparison of the Asheboro Chamber of Com- 
merce's lists of Randolph County Manufacturing Es- 
tablishments for 1950 and 1979 shows that many 
small plants that were started soon after World War 
II had closed or been sold by 1979. The trend toward 
consolidation of industries affected this county. The 
1979 list contains 90 companies, half as many as are 
on the 1950 list. 

Unemployment percentages are low in Randolph 
County, nearly always below the state average. The 
decrease in the number of companies did not affect 
the number of jobs available, for there was a great 
deal of expansion within individual companies during 
the thirty-year period. 

According to the 1970 census Randolph County is 
still a rural county, but it is fast becoming more in- 
dustrialized and more urban. 

It is significant that a number of companies fi- 
nanced by local men opened during the depression 
years in the face of hard times, and that Burlington 
Mills, Commonwealth Hosiery and Dr. Henry Jordan 
purchased foundering plants and restored them to 
production in the 1930's. 

Fifteen companies started before 1930 are still in 
operation today even though changes may have been 
made in company names, products, production 
methods, locations, buildings, organizations or man- 
agement. These are: Asheboro — Dal K. Rich and 
Son, Inc. (1865); Hedgecock Builders, Inc. (1892); 
Acme-McCrary Corporation (1909); Asheboro 
Hosiery Mills ( 1917); Bess Maid, Inc. ( 1918); Dream- 
land Mattress Company (1926): P.&P. Chair Com- 
pany (1926); Bossong Hosiery Mills (1928); Stedman 
Manufacturing (1930); Liberty — Liberty Furniture 

Harvest time. 

17 Randolph County Boys Have Entered 

The Boys' Corn Club work in the county prom- 
ises to be an interesting contest for 1914. The fol- 
lowing boys have joined: 

Walter Reitzel, Ramseur, Rt. 2; Boyd Reitzel, 
Ramseur, Rt. 2; Joe M. Forrester, Ramseur, Rt. 2; 
Arthur Cox, Ramseur, Rt. 1; Joe Parks, Ramseur, 
Rt. 1; Ralph Parks, Ramseur, Rt. 1; Charlie 
Shields, Randleman, Rt. 2; Ralph Cox, Ramseur, 
Rt. 1; Clarence Julian, Millboro, Rt. 1; Jesse 
Spinks, Randleman, Rt. 2; Carson Bonkemyer, 
Randleman, Rt. 2; Leslie Ridge, Caraway; C.C. 
Hoover, Caraway; Jordan Hill, Jackson Creek; 
Saul Hill, Jackson Creek; Charles Delk, Jackson 
Creek; Dorsey Lewis, Hills Store. 
From: The Bulletin and Randleman News, Asheboro, N.C., 
March 11, 1914. 


One thousand packages of tomato seeds were re- 
ceived by the State Department of Education yes- 
terday from the United States Department of Ag- 
riculture. These seeds will be sent out to the vari- 
ous rural high schools in the State to be used by 
the girls who have entered the tomato contests in 
their counties. 

Three Clubs Have Been Organized in the County 

Mrs. J. A. McKimmon, manager of the tomato 
work of North Carolina, has secured Miss Estelle 
Neece as manager of the club work in Randolph 
County. Clubs have been organized at the follow- 
ing places, Julian, Providence and Plainfield. Let 
everyone do his best to make this work a success. 

From: The Bulletin and Randleman News. Asheboro, N.C.. April 
1, 1914. 




Company (1910); Liberty Saw Mill, Inc. (1925?); De- 
pendable Hosiery Mills (1927); Gregson Manufactur- 
ing Company ( 1921); Ramseur-Weiman Furniture 
Company (1889); Seagrove — Seagrove Lumber 
Company (1924). 

AGRICULTURE Blessed with good years and 
plagued with poor ones as if on a 
roller-coaster, farmers once again attempted to orga- 
nize to solve their problems of poor markets and low 
prices. The Farmers' Alliance which had flourished 
for a while in parts of the county was replaced by the 
Farmers' Union. The peak years for the Union were 
1912-1913, but by 1928 there were few members left. 

In 1931 under the leadership of Farm Agent E.S. 
Millsaps the first Grange was organized at Farmer. 
The State Grange had been formed in 1929. The 
Grange has been the most enduring of the farmers' 
organizations in Randolph County with five Granges 
active at present. 

The Farm Bureau has a county office in Asheboro, 
having come to this county in 1949. 

The depression years of the 1930's brought many 
changes to county farms because of the laws enacted 
by the United States Congress covering price sup- 
ports, acreage allotments, loans, rural electrification 
and soil conservation. Farmers had been more or less 
isolated from decisions which affected their liveli- 
hood, but from these years on they would be unable 
to live apart from the currents of business and gov- 
ernment which encircled everyone else. They would 
become a business as well as a farm and would need 
expensive equipment for the chores farmers had once 
done by hand. They would live in homes not very 
different from homes owned by non-farmers, for 
electrification provided the opportunity for all homes 
to have the modern conveniences. 

Many people chose to live in the rural areas, farm- 
ing part-time and securing employment in nearby in- 
dustrial plants. The minority remained full-time far- 
mers or dairy operators. Others moved from the 
towns to rural areas to live without farming beyond 
planting a garden for themselves. The rural — non- 
farm population in the county has shown a decided 
increase in each census. 

The number of farms has decreased but the pro- 
duction per acre has increased with improved farming 
methods. Soil conservationists have shown the value 
of terracing and constructing ponds for water; farm 
agents have helped farmers plan rotation of crops, 
select the best seeds, apply fertilizer, control pests, 
evaluate equipment and select prize livestock and 
poultry; foresters have encouraged farmers to "tree 
farm," replacing fallen trees with seedlings and man- 
aging their forest areas to produce timber crops; and 
all three have worked together to help solve eco- 
nomic problems facing farmers as a group. 

The balance between agriculture and industry has 
been a stabilizing influence on the economy in Ran- 
dolph County ever since the cotton mills were estab- 
lished on Deep River. This fact cannot be stressed 


From the early tractor to the modern combine. 

too much. It has not changed in spite of the new ways 
of operation in both economic areas. 

The program of the Extension Homemakers Club 
throughout the county under the guidance of the 
Home Agents since 1938 has developed leadership 
roles among the members in county affairs and in 
district, state and national positions. Three Randolph 
County women have been presidents of the state or- 
ganization of clubs: Zeola S. English, Louise C. 
Kearns and Mamie Williams. 

The clubs have also provided information for 
homemakers which they may use in improving their 
homes, in food preparation and preservation, child 
care and gardening. Working together they have 
shared resources with each other and have contri- 
buted much to their communities. 

The Agricultural Extension Service works with 
youth groups known as 4-H clubs, which emphasize 
the resources of the members in head, heart, hand 
and health. Not only do the programs include infor- 
mation, but through competition they develop lead- 
ership qualities found in the youth. Many of the 
county 4-Hers have advanced to district, state and 
national competitions. 

Hugh Parks, Jr. owned Oakland Farm of 470 acres 
(1916) which he operated as an experimental farm, 
using modern methods in conservation, improve- 
ments to cultivation and registration of livestock. 
Farmers in the Ramseur-Franklinville area were in- 
vited to profit by the results of the experiments. 
Worth Lowe was manager. 

Animal husbandry was practiced on a very small 
scale until 1940. This was true in the whole state as 
well as in Randolph County, but since that time rapid 
progress has been made. The suitability of the land in 
the county for raising cattle has made possible the 
large number of dairy and beef cattle herds on farms 
today. In the last twenty years many farmers have 
specialized in raising swine by methods which would 
astound the early settlers who let them run wild. 
Very few sheep are raised and the horses are owned 
more for riding than for work. 

Chicken houses dot the country side in which 
chicks by the thousands are raised to broiler size 
after their receipt from hatcheries. Firms in Siler City 
and other nearby places process and package the 
chickens for sale once the broilers are of the right 
size and weight. 

The typical farm home of the nineteenth century is 
no longer typical. The present day home is more 
often brick of the same plan used for houses in town, 
varying widely in size and design. Well-kept lawns 
and landscaping result in beautiful properties which 
enhance the countryside. Town and country are 
more united than they have been for a century when 
villages were not too different from the rural areas. 

Crops: wheat, corn. hay. 


Making molasses from sugar cane. 

Barn in Seagrove. 

Dairy farming, 1950, Hillsville. 

Swine production today, Gallimore Farm. 

Poultry sale managed by the 4-H Club members, 1950s. 


■ \ ■ - ~~-?r • mm. m^ - •'.'—• 

■ ■. 

31 1 


Those attending the 1938 County Agricultural Fair enjoyed the exhibits 
and the entertainment. 

Tobacco has been a cash crop since the 1880's. 


The Curb Market in Asheboro was operated by Home Demonstration 
Club members for several years. 


Some farming has not changed. 

Tennessee Walking Horses in Concord Township. 

Town and country picnic suppers sponsored by the Chamber of Com 
merce and the Livestock Association. 

Weather conditions are part of history: Deep snow in 1927 

Hurricane Hazel, October 15, 1954. damage. 


On Monday, August 22, 1960, flash floods fol- 
lowing a heavy rain caused the collapse of an earth 
dam on Farlow's Lake on Mountain Road; washed 
away a new bridge over Back Creek in the Spero 
community; flooded mills and homes along Deep 
River, especially in Randleman and Cedar Falls; 
and did much damage to crops. The new bridge in 
Spero was one that had just replaced an old 1916 
bridge. The Farlow's Lake dam was not replaced 
before the property was sold to Camp Caraway. 


Hurricane Hazel on October 15, 1954, is the 
tropical storm that has caused the most damage to 
date to this inland county. Plate glass windows 
were blown out in several buildings; power was off 
for several hours where trees fell against the wires; 
roofs were damaged and flooding was extensive. 
8.84 inches of rain fell in 15 hours to break previ- 
ous records. 

Ice Storm of 1978. 


MERCHANDISING To move from the crossroads 
store to the present-day 
shopping center requires a giant step. 

The stores of the early part of the century were 
usually general stores offering a complete line of 
items needed for home and business. They were very 
much like the crossroads store of the years before 
1900. The company stores of the cotton mills were 
always general stores with a supply of the basic 
needs of the families of employees. 

In the towns there were a few stores that 
specialized in one or two items, for example, jewelry, 
shoes, men's clothing, hats. Sometimes these shops 
also made the items they sold. 

The largest store in Asheboro from 1900 to 1930 
was Wood and Moring's Clothing Store which car- 
ried other goods for sale but no groceries. W.D. 
Stedman and Son sold groceries; after 1915 Coffin 
and Scarboro sold men's clothing and shoes; G.G. 
Hendricks had a general store; Holladay operated a 
hardware store; W.W. Jones and Sons opened a Va- 
riety Store. 

The corner drug store was the new feature of the 
century. It was known as the gathering place where 
ice cream or "cokes" could be purchased and en- 
joyed for as long as the "crowd" could stay. Only 
doctors and those who were sick thought of the drug 
store as a place to obtain medicine. Early drug stores 
in the county were the Standard and the Asheboro in 
Asheboro; and the Liberty, Ramseur and Randleman 
stores in those towns. 

Pharmacists, too, were new on the scene, for as of 
1881 the state required that men who dispensed med- 
icine be licensed. Pharmacists before 1920 included 
James T. Underwood, Charles M. Fox, Walter F. 
Matthews, N.F. Marsh and John East. These men 
prepared the prescribed pills, powders and liquid 
medicines as physicians had done in the 1800's until 
large pharmaceutical companies provided "ready- 
made" medicine. Patrons of the stores also relied on 
the pharmacist for remedies for ailments not serious 
enough for a physician's attention. 

Other pharmacies in the county from 1920 to the 
present are Fox-Richardson, Reaves, Reaves- 
Walgreen, Randolph, Fox Professional, Kearns Ser- 
vice, CAR Drugs, Prevo Drug and Medicine Shoppe 
in Asheboro; the Deaton Pharmacy in Liberty; the 
Economy and Randolph in Randleman; and the Ar- 
chdale Pharmacy. 

Drug stores belonging to chains first came to 
Asheboro when Mann Drug Company opened a store 
near the hospital, to be joined later by Eckerd and 

Another innovation was the five and dime store 
patterned after Woolworth's chain of stores. Eagle 
and Rose's, having started in business years ago as 
five-and ten-cent stores, have branch stores in 
Asheboro which carry a wide variety of items. They 

Asheboro Drug Company, 1915. 

Service Station, I920's. 

Beauty Parlor, 1979. 

Asheboro Post Office, Sunset and North, 1920. 


190 -• I 

:£•.•* U'£* ■ 

J ^m ^Sl 

Betts Grocery Store, 1920's. 

Ashlyn Hotel, 1920's. 

P— r < : 













_■.'-■-- - '"' . ' 

Rock Store, Central Falls, 1979. 
Store on Hoover Street, Asheboro, ca. 1910. 

were a delight to children and to those who had little 
money to spend. They were useful, too, for during 
the depression years they carried many items which 
could be substituted for something more expensive 
— and they still do even though they are no longer 
five-and ten-cent stores. 

The first big department store came to the county 
in 1925 when B.C. Moore and Sons opened a store in 
Asheboro. King Moore moved here as manager. 
In 1929 Hudson-Belk Company with headquarters in 
Raleigh purchased Wood and Moring Clothing Store. 
F. Ogburn Yates was the manager and his son, F.O. 
Yates, Jr., is now manager of Belk-Yates, the present 
name of the store. Anchor Store (now McCown- 
Smith) came in the 1940's. 

Food processing has become a business in the 
county since cold storage for the safe keeping of 
foods is available. Randolph Packing Company was 
organized in 1947 by Carl Hamlet to process beef; 
Millikans Country Sausage processes sausage and 
other meat products; and Cloverleaf, Hancock's, 
Phillips Brothers, Thomas Brothers and Yates pro- 
cess country ham and package it for sale. In 1912 
Crown Bottling Company was making Cheer-wine in 
Asheboro; now Coca-Cola Bottling Company serves 
this area. 

The growth of business in the county has shown 
the need for firms which deal in office equipment. 
J.D. Ross, since 1925 dealers in wood, crossties, 
etc., became an agent for office equipment for indus- 
tries, businesses and institutions. Elliott Office 
Equipment Company managed by David Elliott was 
organized in 1959. Asheboro Business Machines 
opened in Asheboro in the 1960's. 

Russell Walker opened a grocery store in Ashe- 
boro in 1948 from which he developed a chain of thir- 
teen groceries in five counties. In 1978 he sold the 
stores to Lowe's. 

Building equipment companies have been estab- 
lished to meet the demands for supplies for erecting 
the new and expanded industries: Asheboro Con- 
crete Company ( 1946) which now owns places also in 
Randleman and Robbins; Lowe's, a Wilkesboro firm 
which added an establishment in Asheboro (1954); 
Certified Concrete Company (1958); Ramseur Build- 
ing Supply Company, Teague Lumber Company, 
Goldston's Concrete Works; and others. 

Dr. B.M. Weston added a feed and seed store to 
his veterinary practice in 1937. The Farmer's 
Cooperative Exchange (FCX) opened a branch store 
here in 1941. Since then the Auman Brothers (1946) 
have opened a store in Asheboro on South Fayet- 
teville Street. 

D.W. Holt opened an agency for Internatonal Har- 
vester in Asheboro in 1936. In 1941 Randolph Farm 
Equipment was organized by W.K. Lewallen and 
R.H. McDaniel. 

The county's first book store was opened by the 
C.L. Scottsin 1931. It is now owned and managed by 
James M. Southern. 


One fire insurance agent, O.W. Carr of Trinity, is 
listed in the 1880 census. Insurance was a new con- 
cept at that time in the country, but there were many 
other agents and companies by 1900. A.C. McAlister 
established the first agency in Asheboro ca. 1890. 
When the big fires occurred in Asheboro and Liberty 
some of the establishments had insurance. Insurance 
is now of major economic importance in the business 
world and all of the large national companies are rep- 
resented in the county. 

Land ownership has been prized since the first 
settlers arrived in the county. In each generation 
speculation is not unknown, but the majority of 
buyers and sellers are moderate in their exchanges. 
The deed books in the Register of Deeds Office re- 
veal that deeds for the first 150 years are contained in 
the first index. After 1948 the second index covered 
only fifteen years; the third index approximately nine 
years and after 1971 the Office has found it expedient 
to use microfiche cards because of the volume of 
transactions. There are now more than 50 companies 
dealing in real estate in the county. Since the popula- 
tion is more mobile and is growing rapidly, land is 
changing hands more often than before 1940. 

Another new feature of merchandising since World 
War II is the discount store which sells at wholesale 
or lower prices than retail stores by achieving quan- 
tity purchases and sales. Several discount stores 
have appeared in the towns of the county. 

The sale of goods and materials in stores has al- 
ways been and will be a function of suppliers of the 
necessities of life, but the fastest growing group of 
providers are those who have services to sell. The 
"things" used today have become too complicated 
for the average person to repair or maintain. Men and 
women trained in the operation and maintenance of 
electric appliances, automobiles, televisions, fur- 
naces and plumbing, computers, etc., are essential. 
Schedules are crowded with so many activities out- 
side the home that people purchase services for many 
chores they used to do for themselves. 

A new service of this century, too, is automatic 
vending. Companies supply items of food and 
cigarettes and many small items to machines which 
release them to the customers when coins are entered 
into the right slots. In 1976 one company had 800 
vending machines located in plants, depots and other 
public places. The three vending machine companies 
in the county are A&F Vending Service in Randle- 
man, the Automatic Vending Service in Asheboro 
and the Heath Cigarette and Music Service in Rand- 

Piedmont Natural Gas Company brought another 
type of fuel to the county in 1958. The Ed Kirbys 
opened the Central Gas and Appliance Company in 
1946 to offer sales and service of L.P. gas. 

Oil companies were here earlier, having gradually 
replaced coal and wood in the 1930's. The major 
companies are represented in the county through 
dealerships in each town. 

Rose's Check-out Counter, 1979. 

A&P Grocery Store of 1925 and Harris Teeter Store of 1979 show contrast. 


e Brands 

11 'T HHf'flj 

Belk-Yates Department Store. 

Randolph Savings and Loan Association, Asheboro. 

inm M 

Merchants' Christmas Drawing, 1950's. 

First Peoples Savings and Loan Association, Asheboro. 

Bargain House in Randleman, 1925. 

Shopping centers have been developed in the sub- 
urbs because of the need for parking space for au- 
tomobiles. Many of the shops in the centers have 
moved from the downtown sections for this reason 
primarily. Most of the new shopping centers or malls 
have covered walkways with entrances to the shops 
for the convenience of shoppers. The management 
provides large free parking areas. The ones in the 
county are uncovered, but there are proposals for 
three new malls to be built near Asheboro. The first 
shopping center in Asheboro was the Hillside Shop- 
ping Center on South Fayetteville Street (1960). 
Northgate Shopping Center on North Fayetteville 
Street and Hammer Village on Dixie Drive are the 
largest additional ones, but there are several smaller 
centers in Asheboro and in other towns. 

The array of items, large and small, which 
are displayed in the modern mall would amaze those 
who lived in the generations before 1900. 

TRANSPORTATION People in Randolph 

County have been en- 
chanted with the automobile since the first time one 
appeared on the scene. In 1924 this county ranked 
14th in the state in per capita investment in au- 
tomobiles. In 1978 registrations of autos and trucks in 
the county totaled 57,078. Only 14 counties had 

The demand for automobiles arises from individual 
needs as well as from economic ones. The compelling 
desire to be independent in personal activities is 
joined by dependency on transportation for all who 
commute to work or to school. A family may need 
more than one car in order to meet the schedules 
required of the individual members. In a county cov- 
ering 800 square miles with no system of mass trans- 
portation the automobile is a necessity. Yet there are 
families and single persons without cars. 

Inter-city mass transportation on a limited scale 
has been available since the 1920's. Otis Rich had a 
franchise for the first bus route to operate a Hudson 
seven-passenger car from Asheboro to Aberdeen. 

This franchise was purchased by a group of 
Asheboro men who sold it in 1931 to J. A. York. 
Henry G. Pugh joined him in the business for a while. 
They added the franchise from Greensboro to Fa- 
yetteville and named the company then the 
Greensboro-Fayetteville Bus Line. Later they were 
able to secure the Fort Bragg franchise and they 
purchased the one to High Point from Roosevelt Hin- 
shaw. In addition, they leased the Greyhound franch- 
ise between Asheboro and Charleston, South 
Carolina. The station was on South Fayetteville and 
West Academy Streets. 

York's two sons, James and Gordon, drove buses. 
When J. A. York died in 1934 the line was sold to 
Queen City Trailways in Charlotte. James York was 
made division manager and stayed in the Asheboro 
office until his death in 1956. Helen York Spencer, 

Clothing Store. 

Northgate Shopping Center. 

Northgate Shopping Center. 

Rummage sales were forerunners of yard and garage sales. 

348 North McCrary Street 
Asheboro, N.C. 
June 29, 1949 

Dear Mrs. Worth, 

Just a few lines this morning I just heard over 
the radio of Sixty Years of Progress in Asheboro. I 
was here then and saw the first train come in and 
was a house girl for Capt. Fisher and was 15 years 
old. My sister Mary Bell was the cook. But I don't 
think I will be strong enough to go out Saturday, 
but would like so much to go. 
Yours truly 
Laura Ingram 

(Letter written to Mrs. Laura S. Worth, 

County Historian. 


On July 7, 1949, Asheboro celebrated the arrival 
in 1889, of the first train in Asheboro. Seventy 
"old-timers" rode a special train from White Hall 
to Asheboro - the last passenger train. Speeches 
were made and entertainment and refreshments 
were provided. It was a gala day. 

Captain William Vance Smith 

Captain Smith, who came to Asheboro as a sec- 
tion foreman on the railroad on May 14, 1895, was 
the first man to run a motor car on the railroad in 
the Southern states and the first man to pull an 
old lever car on the Yadkin railroad. 

He began working with the railroad as a section 
hand on December 27, 1889 and was promoted to 
section foreman in 1895. He worked in Asheboro 
from 1895 until 1923, when he was transferred to 
the High Point yard where he remained until his 
retirement in 1937. His family continued to live in 

During his service with the railroad. Captain 
Smith was presented with two merit badges as re- 
cognition of the service he rendered in keeping the 
road beds in condition for safe travel. He never 
lost a day by sickness during the 47 years he worked 
with the railroads and there was never an accident 
or a "wheel on the ground" due to his negligence. 

While in Asheboro, he built all of the Asheboro 
yards except one or two little side tracks. He never 
lost his love for the railroad tracks which he main- 
tained for so many years and in the latter years of 
his life, he was often seen walking up and down the 
tracks between his home and town. He died in Sep- 
tember 1956 at the age of 86. 

his sister, was office manager until 1959 when Trail- 
ways moved the office and shops to Greensboro. J.C. 
Spencer also worked with the company as manager 
of the station and as driver until his retirement. 

In 1938 the R. and R. Transit Company, owned and 
operated by Joseph D. Ross, Jr., and Arthur Ross, 
Jr., provided bus transportation in Asheboro and 
later from Asheboro to Cedar Falls, Central Falls, 
Worthville, Ramseur, Franklinville and Coleridge. 
This service for workers and shoppers was welcomed 
during the last years of the depression and the war 
years. When cars and gas were again available after 
the war people purchased cars and deserted the bus 
lines. The R. and R. Company sold out to the Ashe- 
boro Coach Company in 1948. 

The Asheboro Coach Company was owned by 
Tracy E. McGill, whose son, Clarence McGill, is the 
present owner. McGill started transportation service 
in Asheboro with a fleet of station wagons for use in 
the city, taxis for taxi service, and buses for inter-city 
travel. During World War II this company through its 
sister unit, McGill's Textile Workers Bus Line, 
brought workers to Asheboro from towns within a 
radius of 75 miles. After the war the Asheboro Coach 
Company changed its service, limiting it to inter-city 
service to Greensboro, charter buses for special trips 
and taxi service. The quarters for the McGill's Taxi 
and Bus Lines were once on the northeast corner of 
Sunset Avenue and Church Street, but the Depot is 
now between Sunset and Academy Streets near 
where the old Norfolk Southern Depot was located. 
The Asheboro Coach Company holds the lowest 
license number (B-3) in continuous operation in the 
state. This company now provides daily service to 
Greensboro; Trail ways service through Asheboro 
from Fayetteville to Winston-Salem; and Greyhound 
service from Charlotte to Raleigh. They also charter 
many buses for special trips. 

The first airplanes to be seen in the county were 
flown in from High Point and other nearby cities to 
take passengers for short joy rides in the new 
machines for a fee. 

The first owners of an airplane in the county are 
believed to be two Asheboro High School students in 
1929-1930, Gordon York and Teak Presnell, and it 
was a Curtiss JN4D biplane, known as a "Jenney." 

Others followed soon afterwards. About 1930 
Charlie and Johnny Lohr in Trinity put together an 
Eagle Rock. The Lohrs interested Dr. C.A. 
Hayworth in flying and in 1932 Dr. Hayworth bought 
an American Eagle Phaeton. All planes were open 
cockpit models for one or two passengers and were 
able to land on grassy plots wherever level ground 
was to be found. Flying was an adventure which had 
its devotees, but the general public would not be- 
come involved with it even by 1979 except for com- 
mercial flights. 

After World War II planes were of better construc- 
tion, safer and more comfortable. Some individuals 


and companies have purchased planes and use the 
twelve landing fields in the county, all of which are 
privately owned except the Asheboro Municipal Air- 
port. In 1979 there are 14 planes based at the private 
airfields and 14 at the Municipal Airport, 9 of which 
are company planes. None of the fields is able to 
receive commercially scheduled planes. 

In 1949 there was organized a Randolph Composite 
Squadron of the North Carolina Wing of the Civil Air 

Now with the only train in operation one that 
comes to Asheboro at night from High Point for 
freight, it is difficult for today's residents to realize 
that the railroad was the major means of transporta- 
tion from 1900 to 1935. In 1920 five trains were arriv- 
ing daily on the Southern and making connections 
with trains from Aberdeen on the Norfolk Southern. 
As cars and trucks multiplied, use of the railroad 
decreased. Passenger service was discontinued first, 
then freight schedules were reduced. The Southern 
has discontinued all service on the "factory line" 
from Climax to Ramseur. The main line still runs 
through Liberty. 

In recent years jeeps, vans and trucks have be- 
come popular for work and for recreational vehicles. 
At present, this is the world of "wheels." 

\t'A$' 'ftfr &]&:& tktifam 

Right: Asheboro Municipal Airport, 1979; Below: Plane owned by York 
and Presnell. 1929-1930. 



First planes were flown into the county to take adventurous persons on short 


Dear Helen:* 

In 1929 and 1930 Teak Presnell and I owned a 
Curtiss JN4D bi-plane known as "Jenney." Teak 
and I both gained valuable experience in building 
and taxiing and flying low over the ground. It was 
damaged very badly when striking a barn on the 
field and was sold to a guy in Fayetteville. In 1933 I 
purchased a wrecked plane. This was a Waco 10 
three place bi-plane powered by a Curtiss OX5 
water cooled engine 90 horse power. This was the 
plane you helped sew the fabric covering for. This 
is the plane I learned to fly on. July 20, 1934 I went 
to New York and bought a Kinner Bird airplane. 
This was the plane I wrecked south of town. I think 
1 was the first one in Asheboro to own a plane, 
although Dr. Hayworth owned a standard bi-plane 

Gordon H. York 

* Helen is his sister, Helen York Spencer. Gordon 
York was in high school when he bought his first 


Buggies were in use for a long time after automobiles first appeared. 


The State Law regarding these conveyances, the 
Speed Limit: To the Sheriffs, Deputy Sheriffs, 
Policemen, Marshals, Watchmen and Constables 
of North Carolina. 

Do not permit speed exceeding ten miles per 
hour in the business portions, and fifteen miles in 
the residential sections of any city or town, and 
twenty-five miles on public highways. 

Persons violating the automobile law are subject 
to a fine of fifty dollars or imprisonment for thirty 
days upon conviction before a justice of the peace 
or any other officer. 

From The Bulletin and Randleman News, Asheboro, N.C. 
July 1, 1914. 


A Claim Agent for the Norfolk Southern Rail- 
way received this claim about 1917 and answered 
it in the same spirit: 

My Razorback strolled down your track a week 
ago today. 

Your 29 came down the line and snuffed his life 

You can't blame me, you see, the hog slipped 
through the cattle gate. 

So kindly pen a check for ten, the debt to liq- 


Our 29 came down the line and killed your hog, 
we know, 

But razorbacks on railroad tracks often meet 
with woe. 

Therefore, my friend, we cannot pen the check 
for which you pine. 

Just bury the dead, place over his head, 

Here lies a foolish swine! 

Contributed by Mary Spencer Neely 

Central Falls Bridge under construction, 1929. 

1-85 Highway under construction. 

64 West with view of hills. 



A Maxwell in WorthviUe, 1909; an early convertible in Central Falls. 

Traffic conditions of recent years show problems of various kinds: traffic 
jams, outmoded bridges, and lines at the gas station. 

' ' -• 

Page family on special car on the Aberdeen and Asheboro Railroad. 

Inventory of 1910 


Coletranes Mill 


Naomi Falls 


Central Falls 

Cedar Falls 


Island Ford 


Buffalo Ford 


Waddells Ferry 

Paynes Mills 

J.M. Floyds 


Pearces Mill 


Lassiters Mills 

Burneys Mills 


Spoon's Mill 

Nathaniel Cox 

Moffltt's Mills 

On Central Falls Road 

Milton Williams 

Mariah Lucas' 

Benoni Pritchards 

Osborns Mill 

Curtis Mill 

Near New Salem 

J.M. Hinshaw 

E.D. Fraziers 

Handcars on the Southern with workmen. 

*7< '■'. r i^ 


Stinson Place 

T.J. Reddings 

Walkers Ford 

William Kearns 

Yow's Mill 

R.L. Albrights 

J.M. Williams 

Near Franklinsville 

Henley's Mill 

Near Hugh McCains 

Cheeks Mill 


On Uwharrie Road 

The above statement shows a total of forty-five 
(45) bridges in the County, all of which are covered 
lattice bridges, or Steele structures, save only about 
nine, which are open - but all are represented as 
being sound, substantial structures, which will be 
good for many years to come. Some of the above 
structures cost from $3,000.00 to $4,000.00- many 
of them costing $2,000.00 to $2,500.00 -but rating 
them at the exceedingly low average estimate of 
$1,500.00 each, they represent a money value of 

From: Minutes of the Randolph County Board of Commission- 
ers. September 1910. 


First lumber truck (1909) for Home Building Material Com- 


. -. -5? 

McGill's Taxi and Bus Company, 1947. 

Greensboro Fayetteville Bus Lines, 1930's. 

James York at gas pump, 1930's. 

R. & R. Transit Company, 1947. 

Asheboro Coach Company bus, 1979. 

Loading lumber at Michfield. 

Mrs. Macon brings loaves of bread from the oven of her wood 


Hardin home, Julian. 
McCain home. Back Creek. 

Micajah Lassiter family. 

Auman family. 

Home in GrantvilJe. 


-111. wU. ' ^ -"' 

?"*-. :, ■• 

Bulla home at HiUsville. 

Crowell-Bingham home. Trinity. 
W.J. Moore home, Asheboro. 

Varner home. Tabernacle. 

W.J. Armfield home, Asheboro. 

I.H. Foust home at Reed Creek; Craven-Moffitt home, Ram- 
seur, once Methodist parsonage. 



Pugh home at Millboro, remodeled from Millboro School. 

John M. Tomlinson home, Archdale. 

A.B. Coltrane home, Glenola. 

HOME AND FAMILY The twentieth century has 

brought greater changes to 
family life than any other century, causing thereby 
stresses which have yet to be relieved. 

The relationship between members of the family 
has undergone a decided alteration. The father as 
head of the household is in a different position 
largely because of technological developments which 
have freed the family from the manual labor required 
to stay alive. Mothers are in another role, often work- 
ing outside the home to add to the income needed to 
support the family. Dependence on cash or credit has 
caused a new economic situation, because money is 
needed to finance the way of living. No longer can a 
family live or barter "off the land" as it once did. The 
home is not always the teacher of young people in 
preparation for the world of work because parents 
are employed away from home. The long periods of 
working together on the old farm are missing in to- 
day's world. The family size has decreased from an 
average often children to less than three. 

Family members are now living more as individu- 
als within a family circle, each with his own age 
group demands. There are fewer times when all can 
unite in activities of common interest. 

The number of families affected by divorce and 
separation has increased each year for several years. 
Randolph County has been part of this increase. 

Not all of the story is negative, however. There has 
come in many families a family unity based on the 
sharing of responsibilities which was impossible in 
the days when the father was the autocrat. Family 
members may join in home and recreational activities 
which they all enjoy. Husbands and wives are more 
apt to be partners in the home than was the case even 
fifty years ago. 

No matter what the twentieth century changes 
have brought, the family is still the unit on which life 
in this county is based. 

SCHOOLS The state public school system which 
had long been handicapped by the 
lack of leadership gained a dynamic spokesman in 
Charles B. Aycock, who was elected to the gover- 
norship in 1900. He pledged support of public educa- 
tion and fulfilled his promise, bringing an impetus to 
education unknown before in this state. During the 
two decades from 1900 to 1920 the General Assembly 
and the courts turned things around and every county 
felt the reverberations of the changes in laws, court 
decisions and attitudes. 

The General Assembly doubled state funds avail- 
able; the old Literary Fund was reorganized and set 
aside as a revolving fund for loans for building and 
improving schoolhouses. The local committee was 
responsible for raising the funds to repay the loan. 
Asheboro was a separate school district from 1905. 

The 1907 state law which appropriated funds to 
assist counties in the establishment of high schools in 

■■:- jfS^*; 



The commencement exercises of the Bombay In- 
stitute occurred Friday. The day's program was 
well arranged and the efforts of those who took 
part were highly complimented by the large crowd 
that had gathered from miles around to witness 
the exercises. 

The program during the morning consisted of 
declamations by the young men of the school and 
recitations by the young ladies, interspersed with 
music by the New Hope orchestra, which added 
much to the diversion of thought suggested by the 
different declamers and reciters. The orchestra is 
composed of Messrs. S. T. Lassiter, director and 
pianist; Bernard Varner and Walter Lyndon, vio- 
linists; Eck Loflin and Reggie Varner, cornet; Carl 
Lyndon, trombone; Walter Hill, tenor violin; 
Rufus Lassiter, base violin; Floyd Lassiter and J. 
L. Cranford, mandolin; and Tony Johnson and 
Carl Nance, banjo. 

N. L. Cranford, formerly of Bombay, but now 
one of Winston-Salem's most enterprising and 
public spirited business men had offered a gold 
medal for the best declamation which was won by 
Byron Ingram as declaimer. 

The reciter's medal, given by Prof. J.H. 
Robertson, the principal, was won by Miss Tura 

Some of those who taught at the Bombay Insti- 
tute included: 

Vernon Brown, James Way, S.T. Lassiter (later 
superintendent of schools), Dora Lassiter, G.H. 
Robertson, Harris Thompson, Jennie Reid, Walter 
Anderson, Cora Anderson, James Hamilton, Pris- 
cilla Hill, Nannie Stowe, Carrie Stowe, Callie 
Voncannon, Betty Bingham, and Walter Feezor. 
Also Kate Nance, D.B. Thompson, Blanche Miller, 
Fannie Morgan, Val Johnson, Blanche Elliott, 
Samuel Varner, Mattie Ingram and Lyde Kearns. 
Report of the 1906 Commencement and List of Teachers from The 
Courier-Tribune. Jan. 15. 1962. 


Bombay Institute is situated seventeen miles 
southwest of Asheboro, twenty-two miles north of 
Troy. It is surrounded by one of the best farming 
communities. Bombay has two mails per day, 
stores, etc., in fact everything necessary for stu- 
dents. There is ample room for boarders near the 
institute. Preaching and Sunday School at the In- 
stitute every Sunday. 

Our rules must be obeyed. However, we believe 
in placing students on their honor. Should anyone 
persist in breaking our rules punishment will fol- 
low. We are not running a reformatory and we de- 
sire no youth whose moral standing will be injuri- 
ous to others. Profane or indecent language is not 
allowed on school grounds. 

Two good literary societies are run in connec- 
tion with the school; one for boys, one for girls. 

Good board can be obtained for $6 per month. 
Students can rent rooms and board on a cheaper 
plan. Tuition is from $1 to 3.50 per month. No fees 
of any kind. 

Three medals are offered for the year 1901-1902. 
One for best oration, one for best declamation, one 
for best recitation. A prize will be given for best 
attendance during the year. 

The courses of study included: First year, first 
reader, spelling, writing, number exercises, one 
dollar per month. 

Second year, second reader, spelling writing, 
Primary Arithmetic. Costs one dollar per month. 

Third year, third reader, spelling, writing, 
arithmetic, supplementary lessons in reading, lan- 
guage and geography. Costs $1.25 per month. 

Fourth year, fourth reader, spelling, writing, 
arithmetic, geography, English Grammar. Costs 
$1.50 per month. 

Fifth year, reading, writing, spelling, arithmetic, 
English Grammar, North Carolina History, 
geography. Costs $1.75 per month. 

Sixth year, spelling and defining, arithmetic, 
English Grammar, U.S. History, physical 
geography, physiology, civics, algebra. Costs two 
dollars per month. 

Seventh year, algebra, English History, Latin, 
grammar, composition and Rhetoric, Greek and 
Roman Mythology. Costs $2.50 per month. 

Eighth year, Rhetoric and Literature, General 
History, algebra, Caesar with Grammar and com- 
position, physics, Botany. Costs $3.00 per month. 

Nineth year, Geometry, French History, Ger- 
man, Cicero and Virgil with composition, chemis- 
try, astronomy. Costs $3.50 per month. 

The above is given as the regular course of study. 
Supplementary work is added throughout the en- 
tire course. 

No deduction from tuition rates except for prot- 
racted sickness. Bills must be paid monthly unless 
a different agreement has been made previously. 
Those who compete for honors must settle or pro- 
vide for all their bills before commencement day. 

Students should enter school the first day. 
Without regular attendance no student can make 
satisfactory progress . . . 

J. M. Brown, Principal 

From the BOMBAY INSTITUTE Catalog, 1906 


Fairmont School, Concord Township, students with teacher, Mose 
Adams, ca. 1920. 

Caraway School, now a Community Center. 


An improvement that means much to the school 
building is the remodeling of the auditorium of the 
Ramseur graded school building, which will be 
completed before the commencement, April 18th. 
Electric lights will be installed. The town now has 
a small light plant furnishing the light for the city, 
and generally Ramseur is an all-'round good little 
town, with many conditions and indications favor- 
ing its growth. Some of the finest farms in the 
county are located near the town and some of the 
very best people live there. 

From: The Bulletin and Randleman News, Asheboro, N.C., April 
1, 1914. 


The Coleridge commencement will be on the 
11th of April. This is a big day with the people of 
that section, many people always going to the 
commencement. The school has been very success- 
ful for the past year. As a matter of fact it is a good 
little town, even if they don't have a railroad. One 
of the latest additions to the village is a very mod- 
ern church. It has Sunday School rooms separate 
from the main auditorium, and is a very fine 
church for a town of that size. 

From: The Bulletin and Randleman News, Asheboro, N.C., April 
8. 1914. 

rural areas made it possible for the County Board to 
aid three high schools: Farmer, Liberty and Trinity. 

In 1913 the General Assembly levied a state prop- 
erty tax of 50 on $100 valuation to aid in extending 
the school term to six months; passed a compulsory 
attendance law for children between ages 8 and 12; 
and barred children under 12 from employment in 
factories unless they were apprentices and had al- 
ready been to school four months that year. The 
compulsory school law soon caused a drop in the 
illiteracy rate from 28.7% to 18.5% in the state. In 
1915 Randolph County had 18,850 white persons 
over 10 years of age, of whom 2,188 were illiterate 
(11.6%) giving the county a rank of 46 in the state. 
The illiteracy percentage for Negroes was much 

Instead of individual school commencements the 
County Board of Education started holding county- 
wide commencements in Asheboro in 1914. At the 
second annual county program in April 1915 Dr. 
Clarence Poe, Editor of the Progressive Farmer, was 
the speaker. One thousand children paraded down 
Fayetteville Street to Salisbury Street, down North 
Street to Depot Street (Sunset Avenue), then back to 
the school on Academy Street. The Ramseur Concert 
Band played for the occasion. 127 diplomas were 
given to 7th grade graduates. Worthville won the 
prize, a set of books given by the Asheboro Woman's 
Club, for the best exhibits and Adelaide Armfield, a 
sixth grader, won the essay award for her paper on 
"Good Roads in Randolph County." 

The General Assembly authorized in 1917 a State 
Board of Examiners to be responsible for examining 
and certifying all applicants for teaching positions 
and to direct teachers' institutes. 

This was a period (1910-1920), too, of the famous 
"Moonlight Schools." There were several of these' 
schools in Randolph County. Newspapers published 
the lessons in advance of the sessions. Classes were 
held at night and they were attended by adults (aver- 
age age 45) who wished to learn to read and write or 
who wished to increase their knowledge of the 
elementary school subjects. Teachers contributed a 
month's time to these schools. 

Voters in 1918 approved a constitutional amend- 
ment extending the school term to six months; in 
1933 the term was changed to eight months; and in 
1943, to nine months. In some of the schools the 
number of years was changed from nine to ten in 
1909; from ten to eleven in 1923; and from eleven to 
twelve in 1949. 

World War I interfered with the progress of the 
schools, but there were no severe difficulties after- 
wards as there were following the Civil War. When 
men were called into service, it became necessary 
once again for more women to become teachers. 

In the early 1920's the General Assembly moved to 
make significant improvements: four special building 
funds were provided for loans to counties at a low 


interest rate; and the State Equalizing Fund was in- 

With funds then available, new and better- 
equipped buildings or additions to older buildings 
were appearing by 1926 in Ramseur, Trinity, Rand- 
leman, Liberty, Franklinville, Seagrove and Farmer. 
The first brick building for a graded school of eight 
grades was built in Randleman in 1904, and a brick 
building was erected in Liberty in 1908. These and 
the other earlier buildings were built with local funds, 
but the assistance of state funds now made it possible 
to enlarge or renew these buildings. 

The first two auto trucks, as buses were first call- 
ed, were used during the 1920-21 school year, in 
bringing students from Julian to Liberty and from 
Wheatmore to Trinity. Descriptions of these vehicles 
verify that they were trucks with makeshift bodies 
and accessories. By 1937 there were 60 modern buses 
designed for transporting students. In 1979 there is a 
fleet of 167 buses in the county. 

In 1924 a survey was made of Randolph County 
Schools by the County Superintendent, T. Fletcher 
Bulla, and George Howard of the State Board of Ed- 
ucation to describe the conditions of the school sys- 
tem and outline plans for improvement. At that time 
each district had responsibility for buildings and 
other essentials and the county had no unified pro- 
gram. There were 124 rural schools in 1923; the 
school population was 10,554 with an enrollment of 
7,079. The compulsory attendance law encouraged 
attendance but was not enforced: 74% of the white 
children and a lower percentage of Negro children 
were in school. 

Efforts were begun to reverse the trend toward 
creating new districts by consolidating districts 
wherever possible. No consolidation could take 
place until better roads and transportation were pro- 
vided. These efforts produced results very slowly 
because of the opposition of parents and patrons to 
the removal of the schools from the communities in 
which they were located. 

As the older schoolhouses deteriorated the Board 
of Education was forced to make decisions about the 
best method for providing education. Transporting 
children to another school was less expensive than 
building new schoolhouses. Shifting populations 
caused the closing of some schools. 

By 1931 there were 74 schoolhouses in the county 
for white children of which 30 were one-room 
schools and there were 20 schoolhouses for Negro 
children of which 12 were one-rooms. There were 
eight accredited county high schools for white chil- 
dren and no accredited high schools for Negro chil- 

The depression years brought sweeping changes in 
the administration of schools, for in 1931 the state 
assumed responsibility for the basic needs of the pub- 
lic schools except for buildings. The 1933 General 
Assembly levied the 30 sales tax for the support of 

County-wide school commencement, April 1915, in Asheboro. One 
thousand seventh grade students and others paraded on Fayetteville 
Street and Sunset Avenue and returned to the school for a speech by 
Clarence Poe. 


The Randleman School was the first brick building in the county (1904). 

\t > .■ .' •••■ . 


Ramseur School which was replaced by the brick building in 1922. In 1979 
a new brick building is being constructed. 


A stove filled with pine knots placed in the 
center of the room, uncomfortable desks and 
benches hewn from pine trees, and segregation of 
students according to sex. 

That's the picture of Belvidere School, situated 
on the line of Cedar Grove and Back Creek town- 

ships seven miles west of Asheboro, in the first 
decade of this century, as recalled by Mr. and Mrs. 
Frank C. Bulla of 1231 Winslow avenue, both stu- 
dents at Belvidere in the early years of the 20th 

Located in the center of a pine thicket, the 
school was in session an average of four months 
per year, opening at 8 a.m. and closing at 4 p.m. 
The school was not graded, but students were as- 
signed work of varying degrees of difficulty accord- 
ing to their age and mental capacity. Age of the 
students ranged from four to twenty. 

Boys were seated together on one side of the 
classroom and girls occupied the hard benches on 
the other side. Each sex had its own cloakroom 
adjoining the classroom. During the winter 
months, two boys were assigned the task (by the 
teacher) of building a fire in the stove about an 
hour before school opened each morning. Each 
week two different boys performed this duty. 
Books were placed on shelves beneath each desk. 

Principal subjects in the curriculum, Mr. and 
Mrs. Bulla remember, were reading, writing, 
grammar, arithmetic, history and geography. A 
spelling bee in which all students participated was 
held each month, usually at night. A large number 
of parents always turned out to watch their sons 
and daughters demonstrate their proficiency in 
spelling. The winner of the spelling bee received 
generous applause and community recognition, 
but not a college scholarship or all-expense paid 
trip to the Bahamas or other tropical paradise - 
prizes frequently awarded to contest winners to- 

Another activity anxiously awaited each year 
was the exhibition held on the last day of school. 
Banjo pickers, guitarists and other amateur musi- 
cians provided a fitting climax to four months of 
classroom activity. Mr. and Mrs. Bulla recall three 
of the fiddle players who performed at the exhibi- 
tion - Dr. J. D. Bulla, Malcolm Routh and Harvey 
A. Duggan - and one banjo player - Ernest Clark. 

With no motorized vehicular transportation 
available, Belvidere students used their legs as a 
means of locomotion enroute to and from school. 
A few students walked as far as four miles to 
school, leaving home almost at daybreak and re- 
turning just as the last rays of the sun descended 
upon the rural landscape. Despite these physical 
handicaps, the vast majority of Belvidere students 
welcomed the opportunity to gain knowledge in the 
classroom and were a bit gloomy when they left 
school for an eight-month vacation at the end of 
the year. Quite a contrast to the present genera- 
tion of students who shout gleefully when com- 
mencement time rolls around! 

Mr. and Mrs. Bulla recall that a frequent prac- 
tice in the classroom was that of slipping notes 
from student to student. Several times one or more 
students had red faces when the teacher observed a 


note being circulated and called on the student in 
possession of the note to stand and read it aloud. 

Many of the girls plaited their hair and tied col- 
orful ribbons to it, the Bullas recall. While 
punishment for the boys usually consisted of a 
heavy oak board being applied to a sensitive spot of 
the offender, chastisement for members of the 
weaker sex consisted of offenders standing with 
their faces to the wall for thirty minutes or longer, 
depending on the offense committed. 

The teacher at Belvidere School during the early 
1890's was Miss Betty McMasters. Students at 
Belvidere during that same period who are living 
today were Chester, Mayme and Nell Bulla, Fan- 
nie and Lewis Hoover, George and Carrie Lowe, 
Lena and Agnes Lowe, and Ivey and Mittie Miller. 

Teachers at the school during the first 12 years 
of this century were Fannie Vuncannon, Ella 
Glass, Ginnie Bulla, Swanie Lowdermilk, Ethel 
Brown, Cora Lamb, Lou Gray, Ferree Ross and 
Carlye Lewis. 

To the Bullas, school days at Belvidere are gone 
but by no means forgotten. The school was de- 
stroyed in the early thirties. 

From Courier-Tribune. Thursday, April 10. 1958. 





Asheboro High School. 

I I 

Trinity Senior High School. 

Randleman Senior High School. 

Southwestern Senior High School. 

Eastern Randolph Senior High School. 


Eastern Randolph's class in aeronautical engineering. 

Tabernacle Elementary School classroom, 1979. 
Brower Elementary School. 

schools. Salaries for all teachers were set up on a 
uniform schedule. More books and supplies were 
added to the classrooms. 

In 1941 there were 24 schoolhouses for white chil- 
dren of which one was a one-room school and 13 
schoolhouses for Negro children of which 9 were 
one-room schools. The Negro population was scat- 
tered throughout the county in small groups, so that 
it was impossible to consolidate the schools into 
larger units until transportation was available to 
cover a wide area. Schoolhouses for Negro children 
were not as well maintained as those for white chil- 
dren, but there were few for either race that did not 
need attention when the depression and World War 
II were over. 

Under the leadership of W. Kerr Scott the General 
Assembly proposed in 1949 a bond issue of 
$25,000,000 for school buildings and one for 
$200,000,000 for secondary roads which were ap- 
proved by the voters of the state. Extensive repairs 
were made to most school buildings, additions were 
built, and one new building, a high school for Negro 
students in Liberty was erected. For the first time 
ever over 75% of the secondary roads used as bus 
routes to the schools were paved by 1954. 

The United States Supreme Court decision on 
segregation in the public schools in 1954 brought 
about some consolidations and reassignments of stu- 
dents. Each school district had its own special situa- 
tion, but real changes were not made until the school 
year of 1965-1966 when desegration was effected. 

Three schools for Negroes were closed: Randolph 
High School in Liberty; Randleman Elementary 
School; and Trinity Elementary School. Prior to the 
school year the County Board of Education spon- 
sored a two-week workshop for white and Negro 
teachers to make plans for the new alignment of 
teachers and students. 

In 1967 after rejecting other proposals for the con- 
solidation of the county high schools, the County 
School Board, the County Commissioners and the 
people of the county accepted one which combined 
the Liberty, Staley, Franklinville, Grays Chapel, 
Ramseur, and Coleridge Schools in a school to be 
built on a new site to be known as Eastern Randolph 
Senior High School. Randleman and Trinity would be 
the locations for their respective areas. The fourth 
area combining Farmer and Seagrove schools would 
be served by the new Southwestern Senior High 

The Eastern Randolph Senior High School opened 
in 1968; the new school in Trinity in 1968; the addi- 
tion to the Randleman School in 1969 (with a com- 
pletely new building in 1975); and the Southwestern 
Senior High School in 1969. 

These four Senior High Schools are now preparing 
students for college, for courses beyond high school 
at Randolph Technical College or for the world of 
work. They have special programs in sports, music, 
art and business which were not possible in the small- 




Asheboro Graded School students, 1903. 


In 1920 the Randolph County Board of Educa- 
tion purchased a truck to be converted into a bus 
for transporting students from Julian to Liberty. 
Before the bus body arrived from the factory, the 
boys and girls rode on wooden benches running 
front to back in the truck bed. Even after the bus 
body arrived and was placed on the chassis, stu- 
dents spoke of being "trucked" to Liberty. 

J. Van Henderson was the first driver of the bus. 
He was 14 years old when he began, and he drove 
until he finished high school. After 1924 the job 
fell to his younger brothers, Charles, John, and Ed 

The pay for driving was free tuition for the Hen- 
dersons to Liberty High School. (Their home in 
Julian was over the Guilford County line.) In addi- 
tion to driving, J. Van was responsible for bus 
maintenance and repair, which included draining 
the radiator on cold nights to keep the water from 
freezing. No anti-freeze was furnished. 

The bus contained no starter, as was the custom 
of the day, and a strong right arm was necessary to 
crank the motor until it began to run. There were 
no headlights, so when the Julian students were 
driven back to Liberty for after-dark programs, he 
hung a lantern on the front to light the way. The 
back-up and tail light was a flashlight a student 
held to shine through a rear window. 

Several times J. Van drove teachers to meetings 
in Asheboro. Each of them gave him a quarter tip, 
an enormous sum compared to his regular driving 

Not one road the bus traveled to Liberty was 
paved, not even the streets in town, but the load 
from Julian arrived at school daily without a mis- 

While 1920 marked the beginning of busing in 
Randolph County, (another bus served the school 
at Trinity) the bus to Liberty made the first trip 
and holds the distinction of being the first school 
bus in Randolph County, and the Julian school the 
first of several in the Randolph County school sys- 
tem to be closed and the students bused to Liberty 
High School. 

From Liberty High School (Randolph County), 1885-1968, by 
Francine Holt Swaim, p. 37. 

Asheboro Graded School, 1895. 

« P ^m 


Brick building, Asheboro School, 1909. 
Aerial view of Fayetteville Street School, 1956. 

f*W *M 



(Jan. 14, 1914) 

Trinity Township. 
No. 1. Trinity, $460. 
No. 2. Archdale, 180. 
No. 3. Caraway, 260. 
No. 4. Millers, 130. 
No. 5. Wheatmore, 120. 
No. 6. Prospect, 120. 

New Market Township. 
No. 1. Glenola, $190. 
No. 2. Cedar Square, 110. 
No. 3. Marlboro, 260. 
No. 4. Piney Grove, 120. 
No. 5. Level Cross, 140. 
No. 6. Sophia, 160. 

Providence Township. 
No. 1. Providence, 290. 
No. 2. Red Cross, 140. 
No. 3. Julians, 130. 
No. 4. Lineberry, 120. 
No. 5. Three Forks, 100. 

Liberty Township. 
No. 1. Liberty, $500. 
No. 2. Walnut Grove, 140. 
No. 3. Payne's, 120. 
No. 4. Julian, 110. 
No. 5. Melanchton, 130. 
No. 6. Cedar Square, 130. 

Randleman Township. 

No. 1. Randleman, $1,425. 
No. 2. Worthville, 300. 
No. 3. New Salem, 120. 

Columbia Township. 
No. 1. Ramseur, $800. 
No. 2. Hickory Grove, 140. 
No. 3. Pine Hill, 120. 
No. 4. Kildee, 120. 
No. 5. Marleys, 120. 
No. 6. Staley, 240. 
No. 7. Shady Grove, 130. 
No. 8. Pattersons, 140. 
No. 9. Hardin's, 110. 

Franklinville Township. 
No. 1. Central Falls, $240. 
No. 2. Millboro, 220. 
No. 3. Franklinville, 650. 
No. 4. Gray's Chapel, 140. 
No. 5. Cedar Falls, 140. 
No. 6. Free's, 120. 

Asheboro Township. 

No. 1. Asheboro, $1,300. 
No. 2. Brower's, 130. 
No. 3. West Bend, 100. 
No. 4. Gold Hill, 110. 

Back Creek Township. 
No. 1. Belvidere, $120. 
No. 2. Mountain View, 100. 
No. 3. Flint Hill, 180. 
No. 4. Plainfield, 110. 
No. 5. Lenas Grove, 100. 
No. 6. Spero, 120. 
No. 7. Charlotte, 100. 

Tabernacle Township. 
No. 1. Pleasant Hill, $200. 
No. 2. Pearce, 140. 
No. 3. Gibson, 120. 
No. 4. Shepherd, 140. 
No. 5. Tabernacle, 120. 
No. 6. Mt. Pleasant, 120. 
No. 7. Poplar Ridge, 110. 
No. 8. Uwharrie, 80. 

Concord Township. 
No. 1. Redberry, 120. 
No. 2. Locust Grove, 100. 
No. 3. Piney Grove, 280. 
No. 4. Salem, 120. 
No. 5. Fairmount, 120. 
No. 6. Farmer, 340. 

Cedar Grove Township. 
No. 1. Ulah, 140. 
No. 2. Back Creek, 140. 
No. 3. Hopewell, 160. 
No. 4. Davis Mountain, 120. 

Grant Township. 

No. 1. Fair Grove, 120.00 
No. 2. Union Grove, 120.00 
No. 3. Rocky Mount, 120.00 
No. 4. Bethel, 140.00 

Coleridge Township. 
No. 1. Center, 160.00 
No. 2. Shiloh, 280.00 
No. 3. Coleridge, 400.00 
No. 4. Maple Spring, 120.00 
No. 5. Lamberts, 110.00 
No. 6. Parks Cross, 260.00 

Pleasant Grove Township. 
No. 1. Pleasant Grove, 160.00 
No. 2. Phillips, 120.00 

Brower Township. 

No. 1. Trogdons, 120.00 
No. 2. Mt. Olivet, 150.00 
No. 3. Antioch, 120.00 
No. 4. Brower, 110.00 

Richland Township. 
No. 1. Rock Spring, 120.00 
No. 2. Blaylock , 120.00 
No. 3. Why Not, 220.00 
No. 4. Cross X., 130.00 
No. 5. New Centre, 200.00 
No. 6. Oak Glade, 120.00 

Union Township 
No. 1. Welch, 160.00 
No. 2. High Pine, 100.00 
No. 3. Dunns X, 120.00 
No. 4. Mountain, 120.00 
No. 5. Pisgah, 100.00 
No. 6. Staley, 100.00 

New Hope Township 
No. 1. Union, 100.00 
No. 2. Eleazer, 100.00 
No. 3. Oak Grove, 120.00 
No. 4. Bombay, 280.00 
No. 5. Gravel Hill, 120.00 
No. 6. New Hope, 160.00 
No. 7. Bells Grove, 120.00 


Trinity No. 1. $190.00 
Trinity No. 2, 80.00 
New Market No. 1, 66.00 
New Market No. 2, 96.00 
Providence No. 1, 70.00 
Liberty No. 1, 100.00 
Asheboro No. 1, 300.00 
Randleman No. 1, 100.00 
Union No. 1, 80.00 
Columbia No. 1, 190.00 
Columbia No. 2, 84.00 
Franklinville No. 1, 84.00 
Grant No. 1, 84.00 
Back Creek No. 1, 80.00 
Brower No. 1, 72.00 
Tabernacle No. 1, 60.00 
Richland No. 1. 100.00 
Tabernacle No. 2, 45.00 
Concord No. 1, 94.00 
Concord No. 2, 84.00 
Coleridge No. 1, 80.00 
Coleridge No. 2, 92.00 

er schools. Eastern Randolph has a course in avia- 
tion for those with interest in this subject, the first in 
the county. 

In addition to the Senior High Schools there are 
seven Junior High Schools, two Middle Schools and 
fourteen elementary schools in the county system. 

The Asheboro City School District was chartered 
in 1905. Before then the school had been in operation 
on the site of the old Asheboro Male Academy which 
the School Committee had purchased in 1891. 

The first Superintendent of the District was ap- 
pointed in 1909 (O.V. Woosley) and in that same year 
a brick building, the first one of brick, was erected on 
the site that had been used for school purposes since 
1840. Wings and an auditorium were added to this 
building between 1924 and 1926. It was the only 
school in Asheboro until 1936 when Park Street 
Elementary School was added. The Fayetteville 
Street School site was sold in 1976 for $190,500, and 
the building was soon demolished. It had existed 
nearly seventy years and was known to old-time citi- 
zens of Asheboro as their school. 

The new Asheboro High School on Park Street 
opened in 1951, leaving the Fayetteville Street 
School to be used as a Junior High School until a new 
building for the Junior High School was added on 
Park Street in 1962. Also included in the school com- 
plex on Park Street and Walker Avenue is the City 
Schools Administration Office. In 1976 the Historical 
Society dedicated the restored 1839 Asheboro 
Female Academy building for which the School 
Board had granted a site in the complex. 

New elementary schools were added next: Lindley 
Park* in 1954; Charles W. McCrary in 1959; Guy B. 
Teachey in 1963. A second Junior High School was 
added in North Asheboro in 1968. Balfour Elemen- 
tary School, once part of the County system, was 
moved to the City system in 1944. In 1965 the Park 
Street School was renamed Donna Lee Loflin School 
honoring the principal of the school from 1936 to 

The Randolph Training School in Asheboro was 
opened in 1926 to provide better educational oppor- 
tunities for Negro students. It was in a new brick 
building on Watkins Street replacing the old wooden 
building. Rosenwald funds assisted with the funding 
of the building. Principals of the Training School 
were E.E. Grant, 1926-1933; C.A. Barrett, 1933- 
1948; and J.N. Gill, 1948-1965. The school was re- 
named Central High School in 1953. It was closed in 
1965 when schools were consolidated. 

Effa Reed McCoy, teacher in city and county 
schools, was Jeanes Supervisor for many years. The 
Jeanes Fund supplemented supervisors' salaries. 
Elizabeth Scotton Jones was Supervisor of Elemen- 
tary Schools for Negro children from 1954 to 1965. 

Parents and other citizens have supported schools 
throughout the years, erecting buildings, providing 
funds for operation and encouraging the development 


I think it prudent as well as fair to the Board of 
Education and especially to the people of Ran- 
dolph County to have a little review of the school 
work that is being carried on. For the past two 
months I have made a special effort to become 
acquainted with the schools and the teachers of 
the county, and to observe the work that each 
teacher is doing. The weather and roads for the 
two months have been very favorable to me in this 
work, and I have spent from three to five days in 
each week visiting schools, spending as much as 
one to three hours in each school room, talking to 
the children on the subject of sanitation, better 
attendance in school, and various other things per- 
taining to education. I have visited about sixty 
schools in the county, observing particularly the 
grade of work done by the teachers and also the 
equipment of the school house. The majority of the 
teachers throughout the county seem to be inter- 
ested in their work, and making good progress. I 
should say doing fine work under some of the dis- 
advantages which the teachers are working. 

1 find that in a great many districts we are woe- 
fully lacking in school equipments, in some in- 
stances the houses are not comfortable, but most 
of them are sufficient, if there were any equipment 
with which the teacher may work. Some houses are 
without suitable desks and no blackboards, maps 
or globes, and no teacher can do his best without 
proper material with which to work. Since we have 
a compulsory attendance law compelling the chil- 
dren to attend school, I believe it is our duty to 
provide comfortable and well-equipped school 
houses. I am not complaining or discouraged with 
our present outlook for in time, and it will take 
time, these disadvantages will be remedied. I would 
like to urge and to recommend that the patrons of 
the schools and the Board of Education put forth 
every effort possible to make our school houses 
more serviceable. 

In the past two months we have held two teach- 
ers' meetings, and 1 am greatly pleased with the 
interest shown and the attendance. At the first 
meeting there were present seventy-eight teachers, 
the second forty-seven. I think this is a good show- 
ing, when one takes into consideration the travel- 
ing facilities and the public roads. Dr. E.E. Bal- 
camb of the State Normal was with us in the last 
meeting and rendered us good service. 

Three new houses have been constructed during 
the past year, at West Bend, Cedar Falls and Gib- 
son. On the whole I am pleased with the present 
situation of the schools throughout the county. I 
desire the co-operation of the patrons and the 


school officers, and would greatly appreciate any 
suggestions that would help in making this year 
one of the very best for education in the history of 
our county. 

Respectfully submitted, 


Co. Superintendent. 

The Bulletin and Randleman News, Asheboro, N.C., Jan. 14, 

Carver College, 1954. 

Asheboro College. 
Randolph Technical College. 

of educational opportunities. Once they were no 
longer responsible for buildings, maintenance and 
basic funds for operation because of governmental 
appropriations, they turned their attention to assist- 
ing with the extra materials and activities which 
would improve the schools. Parent-Teacher Associa- 
tions were formed in the communities surrounding 
the schools. The Association members sponsored ac- 
tivities to raise funds for sports, libraries, cafeterias, 
health centers and other essential school functions 
and promote through special programs a better un- 
derstanding of school objectives. The first such as- 
sociations were formed in the 1920's. 

In 1978 voters of the county approved a bond issue 
of $8,100,000 for improvement to all the schools in 
the county. These additions and improvements are in 


After the program of community colleges for the 
state was approved by the General Assembly, one of 
the technical institutes was offered to Randolph 
County. The County was asked to supply funds for a 
building which the voters approved in 1960. 

The school was first named Industrial Education 
Center when it opened in 1962, then Technical Insti- 
tute, and as of 1979, Technical College. It is located 
in South Asheboro in Industrial Park. It has grown 
steadily since it was first opened and has outgrown 
the space available. Voters of the county approved a 
bond issue in 1978 for almost doubling the size of the 
physical plant. Construction is under way and all of 
the new buildings are to be open by 1981. 

Both credit and non-credit courses are part of the 
curriculum offered to students over 18 years of age 
who may attend either day or evening classes. 
Courses in Accounting, Auto Body Repair, Automo- 
tive Mechanics, Business Administration, Commer- 
cial Graphics Technology, Electrical Installation and 
Maintenance, Electronics Technology, Floral Design 
and Horticulture Technology, General Office 
Technology, Industrial Mechanics, Interior Design, 
Machine Shop, Photography, Practical Nursing, Se- 
cretarial Science are offered for two-year Associate 
Degrees; courses from the University of North 
Carolina at Greensboro are offered directly from the 
University for undergraduate college credit; Basic 
Adult Education classes are held and the Learning 
Resources Laboratory assists students who wish to 
improve their skills; non-credit classes for adults are 
held at the College and in five other communities in 
the county. 

President of the College is M.H. Branson. 


The Asheboro College, formerly Asheboro Com- 
mercial College, began operation in 1949 when Mary 
Marley opened a one-room business school on South 
Fayetteville Street in the Hedrick Building. After 
moving to the northwest corner of Main and Worth 
Streets and then to North Fayetteville Street to a 


store building remodeled for the special requirements 
of the school, the school grew rapidly. Earlene V. 
Ward, who had been teaching at the school since 
1955, became owner, president and manager in 1964. 

All subjects for modern office and business proce- 
dures are offered to students from the county and 
surrounding counties in this private school. 

In 1976 the name of the school was changed to 
Asheboro College in order to better describe the type 
of school it is becoming by offering a variety of 
courses in addition to business courses. 


C.A. Barrett, Principal of the Randolph Training 
School in Asheboro from 1933 to 1948, had long had a 
dream of establishing a school which would prepare 
young black people for the world of employment. He 
had come to Asheboro from Texas after experience 
in teaching in Arkansas and at Bennett College. He 
had studied at New Orleans University and the Uni- 
versity of Chicago and had received a Master's De- 
gree from North Carolina Agricultural and Technical 
College in Greensboro. He was a Methodist Church 

With minimum resources he founded George 
Washington Carver College in August 1948 in an old 
church building on Burns Street. In 1950 he was able 
to purchase a plot of ground on Cross Street and 
erect a block building and in 1952 to make an addi- 
tion. Equipment included sewing machines, kitchen 
and dining room furniture, typewriters and other in- 
struction aids. In 1956 the College was able to secure 
a two-story block building on Cedar Falls Road. 

Mrs. Barrett organized and taught kindergarten 
classes at the same time the other classes were in 

Students boarded in private homes and paid $40 a 
year in tuition. Many of them worked parttime and 
were able to obtain meals where they were em- 
ployed. Every effort was made not to turn students 
away who wanted instruction even if they could not 
pay the tuition. The program called for as many extra 
benefits as possible, such as field trips. 

The school was supported by contributions in addi- 
tion to the student fees. It managed to survive for 
twelve years, improving every year, and providing 
instruction for many young people. Refresher 
courses were offered to adults. 

The courses offered included home management, 
cooking and meal planning, catering, child care, hotel 
services, sewing and dressmaking, practical nursing, 
business manners and others. 

The untimely death of Professor Barrett in 1960 
brought an end to his dream which had been partially 
fulfilled. Carver College closed soon afterwards and 
the building burned. The opening of the Randolph 
Technical Institute in 1962 helped to fill the needs 
which he had had the foresight to try to answer. 


In addition to the public schools there have been 
and are at present some private schools in the 
county. In Asheboro three private kindergartens no 
longer open that are remembered are the kindergar- 
ten taught by Laura Stimson Worth, the Jack and Jill 
Kindergarten of Marjorie Burns'; and Lester's Learn- 
ers. This third school prepared those six-year olders 
whose birthdays occurred after October 1, thus bar- 
ring them from entering first grade, to enter the sec- 
ond grade the next year. There have been other kin- 
dergartens connected with churches which have been 
phased out since the public school kindergartens 
have been authorized. Churches now have nursery 
schools for younger children, day care centers or 
other services for children. 

Private schools on the elementary and high school 
levels are also located in the county. In 1968 the 
Faith Baptist Church near Ramseur opened a school 
for children in kindergarten through grade eight with 
94 students. The Faith Christian School has grown 
and now includes all grades through high school and 
also has a group of ages two to four. 

The Fayetteville Street Baptist Church in Ashe- 
boro conducts a private school of grades kindergarten 
through elementary school as well as a day care 
center. The Randleman Church of God operates a 
day care center. 

A Center for Exceptional Children was opened in 
1952 by a group of interested persons at the American 
Legion Hut. Since 1965 the Center has been located 
at Teachey School and is part of the school system. 

There are two beauty schools in the county. The 
first was opened by Virginia Caviness, a graduate of 
Vocational Beauty School in Greensboro in 1963. It 
is known as the Asheboro Beauty School. The other 
one is the Academy of Beauty Science and is located 
on South Fayetteville Street in Asheboro. 


"A letter from Dr. J. M. Worth of Asheboro, in 
his 88th year, to President McKinley was read in 
which he spoke of the possibility of Foreign Mis- 
sion work and peace and rehabilitation following 
the victory over Spain. The letter was very interest- 
ing and this meeting unites with the sentiment 
contained therein." 

From the Minutes of the Deep River Quarterly Meeting of 
Friends, Twelfth Month, Third, 1898. 


First Methodist Church, Asheboro, second building, torn 
down 1925. 

"Dinner on the Grounds," Coleridge. 

Camp Caraway Lodge, 1979. 

CHURCHES Fewer churches were established 
during the first three decades of the 
twentieth century than had been organized in the 
previous thirty years. Methodists established six; 
Baptists, eleven; Christians, two; Lutherans, one; 
and Friends, three, one of which was the Conserva- 
tive Friends Meeting at Friendsville. There was also 
a Conservative Friends outpost at New Hope near 
Marlboro which was laid down in 1960. 

The three new denominations appearing during 
this period were the Pilgrim Holiness with eleven 
churches; the Pentecostal Holiness with one and the 
Seventh Day Adventist with one. 

Other churches of denominations new to the 
county were established between 1930 and 1940 al- 
though only fifteen churches in all opened their 
doors. New were the Episcopal Church of the Good 
Shepherd, the Evangelical and Reformed Church, 
the Church of God in Asheboro and the Jehovah's 
Witnesses in Seagrove. Those of previously estab- 
lished denominations were six Baptist; one Wes- 
leyan; one Lutheran; one AME Zion; one Congrega- 
tional and one Pentecostal Holiness. 

World War II and the years immediately following 
brought the rapid expansion of churches because the 
population increased steadily. One new denomina- 
tion was represented in St. Joseph's Roman Catholic 
Church (1948) in Asheboro. In 1950 a branch of the 
Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-Day Saints was 
organized in Asheboro and the same year the Chris- 
tian Missionary Alliance opened the First Alliance 
Church in Asheboro. The Church of the Nazarene 
has established churches in the county. The As- 
semblies of God opened churches in Asheboro and in 
Archdale in the 1970's. Also, a number of churches 
independent of other churches were established 
throughout the county. 

This was a period when many churches built new 
meeting houses, sanctuaries, fellowship halls and 
other facilities for their church activities. The build- 
ing that was impossible during the depression and 
during the war was undertaken and many improve- 
ments were made to older buildings. 

Methodist Episcopal and Methodist Protestant 
churches united to form the Methodist Church in 
1939. They then joined with the northern branch of 
the church to be the United Methodist Church in 
1968. Congregational and Christian churches joined 
in 1935 and in 1956 they united with the Evangelical 
and Reformed Churches to organize the United 
Church of Christ. Not all churches of a denomination 
accepted the change; a few chose to be independent. 
Wesleyan Methodists and Pilgrim Holiness congrega- 
tions combined their churches under one organiza- 
tion and one name (Wesleyan) in 1968. The Randolph 
Baptist Association was organized in 1937. 

Ministerial Associations were organized in the 
county beginning with the one in Asheboro. Ram- 
seur. Liberty and Randleman also have associations. 



In the gasoline mileage contest conducted last 
Saturday morning by the Randolph Motor Compa- 
ny, Asheboro, Mr. Pearl Craven, of Coleridge, driv- 
ing an open model 1926 Ford won first place hav- 
ing gotten 49.7 miles from one gallon of gasoline. 
In the closed car class. Dr. M.G. Edwards, of 
Asheboro, driving a 1926 model Ford coupe, won 
first place with 34.4 miles. There were nine cars in 
the contest, the lowest mileage gotten by any of the 
nine was 29.6 miles by a Ford touring car, 1926 
model, driven by R.A. Gaddis, of Asheboro. Each 
of the winners was presented a balloon tire by the 
Randolph Motor Company. 

The route followed was from Asheboro to Ar- 
chdale. The distance was measured by G.W. 
Hayworth in a Lincoln sedan. Hayworth and C.L. 
Scott were the judges in the contest. 

From The Courier, October 21, 1926, p.l. 

Oliver's Chapel, Staley, Rt. 1. 

Eleazer Methodist Church. 

John Wesley's Stand, built at Wesley's Chapel, 1921. 


Old Union Methodist Church, first Methodist Church in the 


First Baptist Church, Asheboro, burned in 1933. 

Allen's Temple, AME, Asheboro, now torn down. 
Central Methodist Church, second building, Asheboro. 


^^m^^^&^M^^x^ 1 !^: i 


I have been asked several times to write up still- 
house days in North Carolina . . . 

For many years after I moved to Asheboro I was 
United States Commissioner for Randolph 
County, from October 1890 until December 1898. 
At one time during this period there were 19 distil- 
leries running in full blast in Randolph County. 
And it is needless to say that they were all bad 
blockade establishments. The officers of the law 
went to one distillery in this county where the ca- 
pacity was 7Vi gallons a day. They took possession 
of the distillery and ran out the material on hand 
after the Wi gallons had been run out and made 19 
gallons of liquor - and I would not pretend to say 
that the man running the distillery was any worse 
than the others. Besides the government distil- 
leries there were a lot of blockade distilleries over 
the county. 1 averaged binding over anywhere from 
50 to 75 cases each year. 

I called on W.C. York, who is our present United 
States Commissioner, a few days ago to know how 
many he bound over a year. He told me he bound 
over from 4 to 6, showing a decrease also in the 
illicit distillery. 

From 1890 to 1903 there could have been a car 
load of whiskey bought from the distilleries and 
shipped from Asheboro in any one day during that 

Up until 1898 Asheboro and Ramseur were the 
two southern extremities of the railroad. And 
when A.F. Page, Sr., built his road from Star to 
Asheboro he gave out the word that there should 
be no liquor shipped on his train, and so far as I 
know he lived up to it. But the remainder of the 
county remained as it had been. In fact, there was 
very little liquor made near Page's railroad in the 
southern part of the county. There was some kick- 
ing in some quarters because Page would not haul 
liquor on his road. This matter went on this way 
until 1903 when the Watts bill was passed. 

I recall on one occasion that the officers of the 
Southern Railway Company gave me orders to go 
to Millboro to see the depot agent. I had a pass to 
ride around on the train, but the distance being so 
short I hitched my horse to the buggy and drove 
across. I had seen drunken men in Asheboro that 
day, and when I got up as far as King Tut there was 
a man there so drunk he did not know anything. I 
drove on down to Central Falls, and there was a 
drunken crowd around between me and the bridge. 
I had to wait in my buggy 15 minutes or more to let 
the road get clear of drunks. There was not less 
than 10 in that crowd. I drove up the hill and be- 
tween there and 'Squire Ed L. York's place 1 found 
a man there beastly drunk. There were two distil- 
leries in the Millboro Neighborhood, and a road 
going into one distillery. I drove on to Millboro and 
found as many as a dozen. When 1 came back 
things had cleared up a little. I remember at this 

A unit of Church Women United was organized in 
Asheboro in 1949 and in Ramseur in 1971. 

From 1900 to 1920 Sunday Schools were a very 
important part of church activities. Church services 
could not be held on a regular basis because of the 
shortage of ministers, but Sunday Schools could be 
held every Sunday, sometimes twice a day, and 
where there were no churches, in schoolhouses or 
homes. There was an active county-wide Sunday 
School organization composed of 150 groups, who 
met locally and once a year in a county convention 
for two days for training and inspiration. 

PROHIBITION From colonial times many farm- 
ers owned stills in order to ob- 
tain alcohol for home use. It was important as a med- 
icine, an antiseptic and an anesthetic in the days 
when few medicines were available. It was also used 
in cooking for it is included in many old recipes. It 
spiked the refreshments at most public occaisions. 

Many distilleries were licensed to make alcohol for 
various controlled uses, but toward the end of the 
nineteenth century there were more illicit ones than 
those licensed. Bills passed by the General Assembly 
in 1903 and in 1905 limited licensed distilleries to a 
few cities in the state and refused licenses to those 
operating stills in this county. 

Experience with the excessive use of alcohol by 
some people led many citizens to promote Temper- 
ance Societies. The Societies were strong enough in 
time to completely turn a vote around. In 1881 and 
again in 1908 there were statewide referenda on 
the question of prohibition. In 1881 in Randolph 
County there were 842 votes for prohibition and 
2,180 against; in 1909 there were 2,146 votes for pro- 
hibition and 813 against. 

In 1909 the Turlington Act was passed implement- 
ing the 1908 vote, which had been carried by the drys 
statewide, as well as in Randolph County. This act is 
still in effect in this county. 

The national constitutional amendment ratified in 
1919 and repealed in 1933 made no real change in the 
legality of sales of alcoholic beverages in the county. 
The General Assembly called for a referendum in 
1933 which was won by the dry forces, keeping pro- 
hibition statewide. Also, in 1933, the state approved 
the sale of light wine and 3.2% beer. These were sold 
in the county for several years by a few establish- 

In 1935 the General Assembly passed an act pro- 
viding for "local option" votes by counties and 
municipalities. Three municipalities in Randolph 
have voted on the sale of alcoholic beverages. Lib- 
erty approved beer and wine sales in 1954 and ABC 
stores in 1977; Randleman approved sales of all be- 
verages in 1965; and Asheboro rejected all sales in 
1965 and again in 1977. 


CULTURAL ACTIVITIES Music year in and 

year out has brought 
pleasure to Randolph County people. They have en- 
joyed music that appeals to them; family singing and 
instrumental music in the home, singing schools, 
community bands, fiddling conventions, church 
choirs, hymn sings, group singing, musicals, dances, 
square dances, concerts, guitar, blue grass, country 
and jazz music. 

After railroad service made possible concerts from 
visiting artists, citizens sponsored programs in 
Asheboro, Ramseur, Randleman and Liberty. The 
first such programs on record were the Lyceum 
Series around 1910. 

The most famous of these programs was 
Chautauqua which citizens brought here for several 
years between 1914 and the mid-twenties. A tent was 
raised on the Fayetteville Street school grounds for a 
week as a "theater" in which music, speeches, ser- 
mons, dance and children's programs were 
presented. One memorable occasion was the appear- 
ance of William Jennings Bryan on July 4, 1914. 

Today's visiting artists are brought to Asheboro by 
the Community Concerts. A local committee since 
1963 raises each year the necessary funds through the 
sale of tickets. 

The state contributed to local interest in orchestral 
music when the North Carolina Symphony was orga- 
nized in 1932. In Asheboro the Sorosis Club was the 
sponsor from 1946 to 1975 of an appearance of the 
Symphony each year to give a concert for adults and 
a program for school children. The Randolph County 
Symphony Society was organized in 1975 to provide 
the same concerts and to extend the school program 
to Randolph County schools. 

Music clubs have helped to promote music as a 
pleasure and as an art. The Musical Arts Club (1954) 
and the Nocturne Music Club ( 1956) in Asheboro are 
federated with the state music clubs. Liberty's Club, 
the Music Lovers, has disbanded. 

Music in the schools in which all children can share 
has been provided by public school music teachers as 
the Boards of Education have been able to add addi- 
tional teachers. Teachers of piano have been part of 
the school systems for many years. 

Since World War II more emphasis has been 
placed on marching bands. Asheboro, Randleman, 
Eastern Randolph, Southwestern and Trinity now 
have bands. As of 1979 Asheboro's band has won 23 
consecutive "Superior" ratings and Randleman and 
Trinity have won one "Superior" rating each in the 
state contest. Choruses are important parts, too, of 
the music program. 

Attempts to organize a Little Theatre group in the 
county have been successful for short periods but 
have not lasted. This is hard to explain in light of the 
fact that the annual play by the senior class was al- 

Legal still, prior to 1903. 

time liquor was good and better. Now the output of 
the moonshine distilleries is bad and worse. The 
above occasion referred to was in April 1903. 

Just one year after that, in April 1904, I was 
called on to go to the same place. I left everybody 
in Asheboro sober, traveled my whole road to 
Millboro, transacted my business and returned to 
Asheboro. I did not see anybody who looked like 
they had even had a drink of liquor. 

I recall in whisky days seeing drunken men on 
the train scaring the lady passengers and using 
"sass" with the conductor, seeing the train crew 
called to the coach to make the drunks behave. 
One thing I had not mentioned, and it may not be 
common knowledge, except to older men, but 
around these stillhouses in those days there was so 
much profanity that people who were not prof ane 
would not stay about the distillery. I heard one 
man express his opinion once that the oaths 
around the government distilleries if sworn by a 
sailor would blister his throat. 

After the Watts bill became a law Randolph 
County was a dry county as there were no privi- 
leges granted to any distillery in the county to run 
on and that brought about people ordering liquor 
from liquor houses in other states and sections. 
There was liquor shipped to every depot in Ran- 
dolph County, so far as I know, except Trinity. 
Braxton Craven obtained a law back in the seven- 
ties making it a misdemeanor to take liquor into 
Trinity in any way. He did this for the benefit of 
his school and it worked admirably. There were 
large quantities shipped to Asheboro, Randleman 
and Ramseur. There is not as much liquor drunk 
in Randolph County now as was shipped to each 
one of these three points. 1 have seen as high as 
200 jugs in the Asheboro depot for men who had 
ordered it. At that time the liquor houses were 
flooding the people with literature with respect to 
selling the liquor. And there was a large quantity 
of it sold. This lasted until 1908 when the state was 
voted dry by nearly 50,000 majority. 

Article written for the Greensboro Daily News, September 24, 
1933, by John T. Brit tain. Asheboro attorney. 



Randolph County Training School Band, I950's. 

It* KM 

Asheboro High School Band, 1950's. 

Combined Asheboro choirs practice for special program, Marian B. 
Barksdale, Director. 


The bands were formed by men who enjoyed 
playing together and performing for special occa- 
sions: fairs, July 4 celebrations, dedications, etc. 
They were partially supported by the mills in each 
town. They were in uniform and had fine instru- 
ments. They travelled by wagon or on foot to reach 
their engagements. Their music was a pleasure to 
themselves and to their listeners. 

ways the highlight of the spring, almost equaling 
commencement. Entertainments and plays presented 
to raise money have always been popular, for people 
enjoy plays "put on" by people they know. At least 
four movies have been produced in Randolph 
County: "Killers Three" in Ramseur (1968); "The 
Gardener's Story" in Worthville (1976); " '43' — 
The Petty Story" in Level Cross (1972); and the short 
documentary about pottery, "Earth, Fire and Wa- 
ter" (1971). 

Some of those items which used to be necessities 
are now arts and crafts, the skill of making them 
having been handed down from one generation to 
another. Quilt-making, pottery, needlework, weav- 
ing, basketmaking, tinsmithing, metalcraft, pine nee- 
dle craft, macrame, rug making — these and more are 
popular today with many people. It is fortunate that 
these useful crafts have not become lost arts and 
skills. Outlets maintained by the senior centers, the 
Salt Box and Pepper Mill, sell handmade needlework 
and crafts made by the local Senior Citizens. 

The art of painting was represented in the 1860 
Census by only two artists: John E. and William 
Glass, but it is evident that more people in the county 
could and did paint. Some families can produce paint- 
ings by their ancestors and can relate stories of other 
people who were talented, but it was not until the 
1960's that the art of painting in oils, watercolors, 
acrylics and other media became the exciting adven- 
ture it has grown to be. 

The first art teacher was added to the Asheboro 
City Schools in 1954 — Dwight M. Holland. After 
that a children's art exhibit was held each year in the 
schools until 1967. In 1962 Randolph Technical Col- 
lege started daytime and evening art classes for 
adults to which there was a great response. In 1973 
the Randolph County Schools appointed a super- 
visor, Jerry Jones, under whose leadership the 
schools have made rapid progress in their art, music 
and drama programs. 

The Asheboro Public Library in cooperation with 
the teachers at RTC held the first "Sidewalk Art 
Show" in 1966 at Hillside Shopping Center which 
was attended by a large number of people. Over 50 
artists exhibited their works which were then on dis- 
play in the libraries for a month. The Library spon- 
sored these shows annually until 1971. 

The Design Department at RTC continued these 
shows with displays of paintings and of crafts at the 
College. Out of these shows interest grew for the 
formation of an Arts Guild which then sponsored the 
Fall Festivals, the seventh of which was held in 
October, 1979, an event of the county's bicentennial 
celebration. The 1976 Festival commemorated the 
national bicentennial. The Festivals attract over 
30,000 people. 

The 1976 Bicentennial inspired several com- 
munities in the county to hold community events an- 
nually at which they display crafts and mementoes, 
have sales, games and fun. 


Randolph Technical College in cooperation with 
other schools in the Department of Community Col- 
leges was able to bring artists to the county for promo- 
tion of music, art or drama in the schools and com- 
munities. The artists have included a harpsichordist, 
a guitarist, a children's drama specialist, and a per- 
cussionist and they graciously provided programs 
and talked with adults and children about their par- 
ticular specialty. 

In 1976, with a grant from the North Carolina Arts 
Council, The Arts Guild sponsored its first Third 
Century Artist, Cynvia Arthur. She painted the 
Randolph Mural which is on the Fayetteville Street 
side of the Ross Building in Asheboro. She was as- 
sisted by Audrey Beck, Louise Culler and other local 
artists who contributed their time and talent. The 
dust jacket of this book carries a photograph of this 

In further contribution to the arts in the county, 
Randolph Technical College has Interior Design, 
Photography and Commercial Graphics Departments 
which are outstanding. 

The First National Bank of Randolph County has 
long been a patron of local artists by buying their 
works. They have on display several paintings and a 
permanent case showing birds crafted in wood by 
Clarence Lewallen, of Sophia. They also aid by fi- 
nancially supporting shows. Other institutions have 
held special displays from time to time. 

Two ' 'Art in the Park' ' events are held each year in 
the spring. The Randolph Arts Guild event is for local 
artists. The one sponsored by the Junior Woman's 
Club is a regional Competition for invited artists to 
display their work for prizes and sales. It is known as 
the Central Carolina Art and Craft Show. 

The craft for which this county is widely known is 
pottery making. Fifth-generation potters are the trad- 
itional craftsmen who have encouraged others to 
learn the art of potting and to make beautiful crea- 
tions for their own satisfaction and for pleasure to 

Randolph County residents who have published 
books of poetry include the following: Grace S. Kim- 
rey, Helen Harper Thayer, Ruby K. Marsh, Allie B. 
Hinshaw, Anne Thompson Jester, Frances Patterson 
Smith, Kate Fetner and C.C. Cranford (anthology). 

Historical columnists include O.J. Coffin, J. Frank 
Burkhead, J.E. Pritchard, Harriette Hammer 
Walker, R.C. Welborn, L. Barron Mills, Jr., and C. 
Henry King. 

Books of history or biography have been published 
by Sidney Swaim Robins, Seth and Mary Edith Hin- 
shaw, William T. Auman, Dennis B. Fox, Frances 
Griffin, Joseph T. Moffitt, Francine Holt Swaim, 
Dorothy and Walter S. Auman, Verda Hughes, 
Grace S. Kimrey, J. A. Blair and Fred R. Burgess. 

Books for children have been published by Nancy 
E. Adkins and Barbara Presnell. 

Paul Johnson is Editor of Progressive Farmer. 

Fourth of July parade, 1907, Randleman. 

Entry in Parade, Asheboro. 

Fourth of July Parade, Asheboro. 

Chamber of Commerce entry, 1950's. 

Was a Big Day for Asheboro People 

Asheboro celebrated the 4th of July on Saturday 
and on probably the most elaborate scale that has 
ever been attempted in the town. Five thousand 
people came here to spend the day and help to 
celebrate, and to see William Jennings Bryan. 

The first feature of the day was the parade, 
which was started promptly at 10 o'clock. The line 
of march was up Fayetteville street to Depot street 
and through Depot street to Smith street to Fayet- 
teville street and disbursing. The following were 
the prizes given in the parade: 

Best decorated automobile, $5.00, Younts-Luck 
Auto Co. 

Best decorated Rig, $5.00, Sam Phillips. 

Most comical outfit, $2.50, John Cranford. 

Best Farmer's Union Float, $5.00, Bethel local. 

Mr. C.T. Luck was the winner of the prize of- 
fered for the man bringing the largest load to town, 
he having hauled 75 people. 

The mule race was one of the really successful 
features of the occasion. Eight mules started and 
raced up Sunset avenue and into Depot Street. 
Three mules finished in the race, which was won 
by Cagle. 

The balloon ascension was watched by more 
than ten thousand eyes, and the ascension by Mr. 
Jewel was one of the best ever seen by our people. 
The wind was low and the big bag went almost 
straight up, landing on the old ball ground, half- 
mile from the starting place. 

The rain at 2 o'clock marred the ball game, 
which was won by Troy. However, several of the 
boys were not on the field at the time when the 
game was started and perhaps the contest would 
have been better had each member of the team 
been on hand. 

From 2 o'clock the rain completely marred the 
big afternoon's events, and the crowd that greeted 
Mr. Bryan was hardly as large as was expected. 
Likewise the fireworks were not so good as if it had 
not rained. However the day was one of pure en- 
joyment. Enjoyed by the people who came here and 
enjoyed by the people of Asheboro because they 
had the pleasure of entertaining them. 

Not an accident marred the day and each event 
was executed with credit to all concerned. 

From: The Bulletin and Randleman News. Asheboro, N.C., July 
8, 1914. 


The Bulletin of September 29, 1915, reports on a 
song recently published by E. Mcintosh Cullom, 
son of Professor A.N. Cullom of the Cullom 
School of Music in Asheboro. The title of the song 
was "Jesus, Hope of My Salvation." 

The Home Buildins 

I umlx-r :ind Millwork 


tAkttur* N. C 

Asheboro Hardware 

11 I 

i omplimentsof 

Cranford f hair Co. 

Covington & Prcvost 

>""'k M. :.!■ Ul *.r„. 

Fur Service Call 

\. ft. Ferrer 

"Daddy Long Legs" 

Corned) in Four Acta 
Jean N cb9ter 

l'rr~-nl .1 l.s 

Senior (!a«, April 1st, 1927 
Asheboro Hiirh School 

W. W. Jones & Son 

(ireat Pro-Easter Sale Begins April 1 
and Continues Through Faster Monday 

Compliments of 

Cranford Hosiery Mills 




Randolph Motor Co. 

Asheboro. \. C. 

Senior Class play, Asheboro High School, 1927. 


The Farm Betterment Association will give a 
play at Farmer on the night of July 11, 1914. 

The play, "Miss Fearless and Co.," is an amus- 
ing one, and has been given with great success in a 
number of schools in the state. 

The price of admission will be 15 cents for adults 
and 10 cents for children. 

The Farmer Cornet Band will furnish music. 
The play will begin at 8 o'clock. Doors open at 
7:30. Proceeds to be used in improvement of the 
school house. 

From: The Bulletin and Randleman News, Asheboro, N.C., July 
8, 1914. 


Minna Raven came to America from Germany 
with her sister, Mrs. August Brockman (Bertha 
Raven) in 1852. The family chose to settle in 
Asheboro for a few years. Miss Raven was endowed 
with a golden voice. She was engaged to teach 
music in the Asheboro Female Academy. 

She was later asked to teach in the Edgeworth 
Female Academy and moved to Greensboro. She 
was married in 1860 to Joseph Hildesheimer, a 
merchant, and resumed her teaching by giving pri- 
vate vocal and instrumental lessons. Two genera- 
tions of Asheboro girls were privileged to be her 
pupils. Among them was Nannie Bulla who taught 
music in Asheboro for many years. 


ORGANIZATIONS Community life depends on 
its civic organizations which 
supplement the agencies and institutions which carry 
on the daily services of the government. These orga- 
nizations also provide a fellowship and social life for 
their members. 

The first book club known to have been organized 
in the county was the Randolph Book Club in 1899. 
Other book clubs have followed in Asheboro, Ram- 
seur and Liberty. 

Betterment Societies in the early 1900's were 
forerunners of Woman's Clubs. There are now Wo- 
man's Clubs in Asheboro, Randleman and 
Archdale-Trinity. Junior Woman's Clubs have been 
sponsored by these clubs. 

The Asheboro Rotary Club was organized in 1926; 
the Liberty Rotary in 1928 and the Randleman Rot- 
ary in 1942. Rotary Clubs have sponsored the Crip- 
pled Children's Clinic, international exchange stu- 
dents, and various youth programs. 

The Asheboro Kiwanis Club which was chartered 
in 1928 has as its emphasis work with youth. The club 
built a Teen-Age Club in the 1950's; contributed 18 
acres in Northeast Asheboro to the city for a park; 
and supports youth sports. The club sponsored an 
Easter Monday Horse Show from 1941 to 1952 and 
has an annual Pancake Supper at Mardi Gras time to 
raise funds. 

The Lions Clubs are by far the most numerous in 
the county with clubs in Asheboro, Liberty, Staley, 
Cedar Falls, Central Falls, Seagrove, Ramseur, 
Franklinville, Coleridge, Tabernacle, Farmer, Grey's 
Chapel, Archdale, Randleman and Grantville. The 
first ones were organized in Randleman and Ramseur 
in May 1938. The Lions Clubs' major project is ser- 
vices to the blind. They provide aids for their use and 
plan two events a year for blind persons. 

The Asheboro Business and Professional Women's 
Club was chartered in 1937. It promotes better work- 
ing conditions for women in business and profes- 
sions, and better preparation for careers and citi- 
zenship. A club in Randleman let its charter lapse. 

Pilot Clubs are located in Asheboro and Archdale. 

Men in Asheboro have formed an Optimist Club; 
there are Civitan Clubs in Asheboro, New Market, 
Grantville and Archdale; Ruritan Clubs in Trinity and 
Liberty; Sertoma Clubs in Asheboro and Archdale. 

Boy Scouts were new in Asheboro and Randolph 
County in 1925 and now have troops and Cub Scout 
Dens all over the county. They belong to the General 
Greene Council. The Girl Scouts got their start in 
1928. They now belong to the Tar Heel Triad Girl 
Scout Council. 

Garden Clubs have made substantial contributions 
in planting and horticulture to the communities. Each 
town has at least one Garden Club, most of them 

Quilt making, 1979, Mrs. Neudie Humble. 

A Comedy Will be Given Saturday Night April 17 

The college comedy entitled "A Case of Suspen- 
sion," will be given at the school building at Why 
Not Saturday night, April 17th. No admission will 
be charged but a free will offering will be taken for 
the benefit of the Methodist Protestant Orphans 
Home. Everybody invited. 

From: The Bulletin and Randleman News. Asheboro, N.C., April 
14, 1915. 


The town of Franklinville is to be congratulated 
upon the good work that is being carried on by 
several good people who have the best interest and 
welfare of the town at heart and every year have a 
chrysanthemum show and industrial fair for local 
exhibitors only. The object, as can at once be seen, 
creates a keen local interest in the making of 
home products. The prize list is just from the press 
and shows a total of more than 80 prizes offered 
altogether by the people of Franklinville and the 
promoters are to be congratulated upon the suc- 
cess which they have attained. 

From: The Bulletin and Randleman News, Asheboro, N.C., April 
1. 1914. 


Chairman of the Asheboro Chautauqua: Rev. 
J.E. Thompson; Secretary and Treasurer and 
Chairman of Ticket Selling Committee: T.F. 
Bulla; Chairman of the Hospitality Committee: 
Dr. F.E. Asbury; Chairman of Junior Chautauqua 
Committee: Miss Nannie Bulla; Decorating 
Committee: Bachelor Belles; Chairman Town De- 
coration Committee: Seth W. Laughlin, Chairman 
Auto Party Committee: C.C. Cranford; Chairman 
Publicity Committee: J.E. Mendenhall; Chairman 
on Sunday Program: Ministerial Association. 

From: The Bulletin and Randleman News, Asheboro, N.C., April 
8, 1914. 

County Rose Show 1955. 

Flower show sponsored by Garden Clubs. 

Rugmaking at Grantville Community Center. 

affiliated with the state organization. The first club in 
the county was the Wayside in Ramseur. 

The Randolph County Rose Society was formed in 
1953 with Charles W. McCrary as its first president. 
The Society holds an annual rose show. 

Before there were ever garden clubs other groups 
sponsored what were known as "Chrysanthemum 
Shows." Lunches and suppers were served to 
everyone who could come — and no one who came 
can forget the chicken salad and the oyster stews. 

Fraternal organizations — the Masonic and Eas- 
tern Star Orders, B.P.O.E., Loyal Order of the 
Moose, Woodmen of the World — belong in another 
category, but they have also made many contribu- 
tions to their communities. Their first effort seems to 
have been the erection of school buildings, but there 
have been many other services that they have re- 

Some of the organizations which were once active 
in the county no longer are: the Junior Order of the 
United American Mechanics, Farmers' Alliance, 
Farmers' Union and Knights of Pythias. These 
flourished at various times between 1900 and 1930. 

Patriotic organizations include the United 
Daughters of the Confederacy chartered in 1906 but 
no longer active; the Confederate Veterans, also no 
longer active; and the Daughters of the American 
Revolution organized in 1948. American Legion 
Posts are located in Asheboro, Liberty and 
Archdale-Trinity. Veterans of Foreign Wars, Dis- 
abled American Veterans, War Mothers also have 
units in the county. 

In 1925 men in Asheboro organized the Chamber 
of Commerce to promote the business welfare of the 
city and surrounding area. Cleveland Thayer, also 
instrumental in the organization of the Rotary Club, 
was a leader and volunteer "secretary" for many 
years. The full-time Executive Secretaries since 1945 
have been Cecil Budd, Harry Barlow, J.B. Norton 
and Bob E. Croft, who came in 1967. The Chamber 
of Commerce has represented all of the county since 

There was a Merchants Association in Asheboro 
after World War II but this function is now carried on 
by the Downtown Retail Division of the Chamber of 
Commerce. To help the local merchants of the 
county, the Credit Bureau was started by the 
Chamber of Commerce in the late 1940's. It has been 
a separate organization since 1960. 

The Asheboro Junior Chamber of Commerce, or- 
ganized in 1949 with Robert Marlowe as its first Pres- 
ident, has sponsored many projects and made many 
contributions to the community. Jaycees groups have 
been organized in Randleman, Liberty, Ramseur, 
Cedar Square, Seagrove and Archdale. The Ashe- 
boro Jaycees sponsor each year the "Miss Ran- 
dolph" pageant and have seen two Asheboro girls 
become "Miss North Carolina" — Judy Klipfel and 

Sally Stedman. The wives of Jaycees, the Jaycettes, 
are also active in community affairs. The state Jaycee 
headquarters has been located in Asheboro on Coun- 
try Club Drive since 1969. 

In addition to these there are special interest 
groups organized for the purpose of pursuing some 
activity or hobby: Asheboro Stamp Club, Mid-State 
Coin Club, Chess Club, Needlework Guild, etc. 

Associations supporting a community service or 
program include the Randolph County Chapter of the 
North Carolina Zoological Society, Friends of the 
Randolph Public Library, Randolph County Histori- 
cal Society and Genealogical Society, the Y.M.C.A., 
the American Red Cross, the American Association 
of Retired Persons, the Randolph County Senior 
Adults Association, Parents without Partners, etc. 
The United Appeal was organized in 1952 to sponsor 
drives for funds for several community services in 
one campaign in the fall of each year. 

There are associations connected with occupations 
or related interests, such as the Licensed Practical 
Nurses Association, the Randolph Medical Society, 
the Beekeepers Association, the Asheboro and Ran- 
dolph County Association of Educators, Central 
Telephone Company Women's Association, Ran- 
dolph Dairyman's Club, Randolph County Cos- 
metologists Association, the Randolph Association 
of Insurance Women, the Asheboro-Randolph Board 
of Realtors, etc. 

Women's sororities include Delta Kappa Gamma 
and Alpha Delta Kappa for educators and the chap- 
ters of Beta Sigma Phi for business women. 

There are also associations concerned with health: 
Mental Health, Heart Fund, Cancer Fund, Easter 
Seals, Christmas Seals, Multiple Sclerosis, Cerebral 
Palsy, Arthritis, Mental Retardation, etc. 

Pottery making, Waymon Cole. 

Pottery tombstone. 
Cabinet making, Hayden Allen, Jr. 


Asheboro City Schools Art Show, 1955. 

Laura Stimson Worth (Mrs. Hal M.), Secretary of the Historical Society, 


When an idea is crystalized into an organized 
force, purposeful and helpful, it has proved itself 
important and interesting. 

An Historical Society for Randolph County is 
the outcome of a conception of the possible work 
and the good such an association may do. 

Its vitality depends on interesting a great many 
people. The Society has for its object the collec- 
tion, preservation and dissemination of everything 
relating to the history of Randolph both secular 
and religious. 

Randolph has been the home of many notable 
men in church and educational matters, in affairs 
of state-wide interest, and in wars; it is still giving 
citizens of distinction toother states in the Union. 

In the memory of some are historical facts, 
many known traditions, handed down along family 
lines, while others remember incidents of "old 
times" which sparkle with a laughable keeness and 

The preservation of local history, together with 
many old customs and traditions, and pictures, 
which grows more valuable as years pass is a good 

The meetings are always open to the public and 
the papers prepared and read in the meetings are 
to be pasted in a scrap-book. A record will be kept 
of all the gifts and donations made to the museum. 

The Executive Committee will arrange pro- 
grams, giving ample time to those who are to write 
papers, as often much labor and research are re- 
quired to make a subject instructive. 

The scope of the work of the Society conduces to 
original composition, also tends to stimulate pa- 
triotism, and is a touchstone of accurate informa- 
tion on many subjects. 

Lillian H. Thornburg. 

From: The Bulletin and Randleman News, Asheboro, N.C. 
March 11, 1914. 

Art in the Park, sponsored each spring by the Arts Guild. 

Fall Festival, 1976, sponsored by the Arts Guild. 

The Salt Box offering sales of crafts of senior adults. 

H. Clendon Richardson, himself a polio patient, has helped to raise 
thousands of dollars for the March of Dimes. 

Easter Monday Horse Show sponsored by the Asheboro Kiwanis Club. 

Randolph Hospital, before additions were made in 1959-60 and 1974- 

Barnes-Griffin Clinic, Asheboro. 

Junior Chamber of Commerce projects: paper drive and "Miss Randolph" 

Wilkerson Hospital, Randleman. 


Asheboro Baseball Team, 1907. 

Ramseur Baseball Team, 1920. 

Asheboro High School Team, 1923-1924. 
American Legion Team, 1935. 


first organized 
sport in the county. At the turn of the century men 
and boys were playing wherever sandlots could be 
found and everyone found great pleasure in the 
rivalry among the fifteen or so community teams. 
Sometimes the rivalry was overly intense with heated 
verbal debates and fisticuffs, but the game was the 
king of sports until the 1920's when football also be- 
came a favorite game. Out of the old sandlots came 
the first professional players which Randolph County 
supplied for regional and national teams. Of these 
early ballplayers, Rube Eldridge, the "Duke of 
Spero," was the most famous. John and Jim Fox 
from Randleman played in the Southern League. 
Later Gilbert English of Trinity was an infielder with 
the New York Giants and Detroit Tigers and scouted 
for the Milwaukee Braves and Cliff Bolton of Farmer 
played as catcher with the Washington Senators and 
the Detroit Tigers. 

The local interest in baseball spurred the McCrary 
Mills to sponsor a semi-professional team from 1934 
to 1957 known as the "McCrary Eagles." This team 
played against other industrial teams and college 
teams in the Piedmont Industrial League. It won the 
state amateur championship in 1937 and fifth place in 
the National Semi-Pro Baseball Playoffs in Wichita, 
Kansas, the same year in addition to several invita- 
tional tournaments. Managers of the team during the 
years were Neely Hunter, Paul Cheek and Guy Clod- 
felter. National Chair Company and Bossong 
Hosiery Mills also had teams for a short time in the 
early 1930's. 

Teams for boys and young men are still active in 
the county. The American Legion Post 45 in Ashe- 
boro sponsored an all-county Legion team in 1935 with 
Rufus Routh as the first coach which won State 
Championships in 1966 and 1978. They were 
runner-ups in 1935, 1962, 1967 and 1975. Since 1958 
the Kiwanis Club has sponsored the team. 

The Liberty American Legion Post in 1971 orga- 
nized an Eastern Randolph American Legion team 
coached by Gary Taylor, C.K. Siler and Harold 
Kivett. This team played in the area finals in 1977. It 
is now sponsored by Ramseur business men. 

The Little League teams of boys are important 
now with six leagues in the county. First organized in 
Asheboro in 1953 with the help of Jack Burrows, 
Warren Hawkins and Clarence Smith, the program is 
divided into age categories with Little Leagues, Pony 
Leagues and Colt Leagues. There are ball parks all 
over the county named for coaches and contributors. 

In 1962 C. Roby Garner, Allen Garner and Ira 
McDowell, with their wives, opened a summer base- 
ball camp for young baseball players located near 
Caraway Mountain. Sam Gibson directed a staff of 
well-known professional players in teaching the art 
and science of baseball. The camp was in operation 
three summers until the owners sold the site to the 
Caraway Race Track for auto racing. 

«. 227 

Interest in baseball spread to softball in the 1930's. 
There are now about 25 Leagues in the county for 
men and women in industrial, church, and open 
teams. There are also youth teams for boys and girls 
in three age classifications. Two of the county teams 
have been particularly successful: the Fieldcrest 
Women's team from Worthville were state champi- 
ons in 1964 and finished second in national playoffs. 
In 1977 the Kirkman Concrete Women's Team re- 
peated this achievement. All of the softball teams 
play slow pitch ball. 

Basketball was introduced into the high schools in 
the early 1920's. With no gymnasiums the teams 
played out-doors on clay courts for a decade. It be- 
came a most popular sport for both boys and girls, for 
it could be played with less expensive equipment 
than that required for football. Even those schools 
too small for teams could provide a hoop for the plea- 
sure of "hitting the basket." 

After indoor courts were added to the schools 
through WPA construction and local contributions 
basketball became the winter sport sandwiched be- 
tween football in the fall and baseball in the spring. 
Tournaments were arranged for schools within 
and outside the county. Team boosters support the 
games with great enthusiasm. 

Youth basketball teams and church teams play in- 
termural games. The Departments of Parks and Rec- 
reation in the municipalities supervise the tourna- 
ments and assist with securing facilities. 

The McCrary Mills also organized a "McCrary 
Eagles" semi-professional basketball team which 
won 64% of the games it played in from 1936 to 1957. 
The team won the Southern Textile League title in 
1939 and was runner-up several times during the 
1940's. They never placed below third in a season 
and in the last season of 1957-58 won the AAU Tour- 
nament and the Enka Invitational Tournament. 
Coaches for the Eagles were Paul Cheek and Hilliard 
Nance. The McCrary Mills also sponsored women's 
basketball teams from 1936 to 1938. 

Football as a sport is limited to high schools, junior 
high schools and middle schools and to Youth Foot- 
ball. The same area used for basketball and baseball 
served as the playing field for football in the 1920's. 
Teams were fielded with little thought for safety and 
without the elaborate equipment required at present. 

In Asheboro Walter W. Lindley "bequeathed 
funds" to the Asheboro Graded School Board to be 
used for athletics or for educational purposes. 
Lindley had moved to Asheboro from New York 
around 1920 and had always taken an interest in hunt- 
ing, sports and all other outdoor activities. The 
Lindley Park field was used from 1930 to 1951 when 
the new high school was completed which included a 
stadium. In 1958 the new stadium was named for Lee 
Jay Stone, coach of the Asheboro High School team 
from 1949 to 1965. During those years the team won 
the 3-A Conference championship in 1950, 1958 and 
1960, were runners-up in other years, and never had 



iM'Crary Hosiery Ifljs. mc Jslitpwtf. NX- 193 7 frofe. 

McCrary Eagles, 1937. 

McCrary Recreation Center. 


Lindley Athletic Field, 1930s. 

W.W. Lindley's favorite dog, "Applejack. 



Farmer High School Basketball Team, 1930-1931. 

Grays Chapel Softball Team, 1957, County Champions. 



Richard Petty and Car 43 of NASCAR. 
Tennessee Walking Horses, Concord Township. 

a losing season. Stone was inducted into the North 
Carolina Sports Hall of Fame in 1977. 

Consolidation of the county high schools in 1968 
resulted in larger student enrollments and changes in 
conference classification for the high schools. Eastern 
Randolph and Trinity are members of the 3-A Con- 
ference and Southwestern and Randleman play in the 
2-A Conference. Eastern Randolph was runner-up in 
the 3-A Conference in 1978 and the Randleman team 
has been in several play-offs. 

Youth football for midget and pee wee teams 
began in Asheboro under the direction of A.C. Dunn 
and Bill Underwood in 1962. Neighborhood teams 
joined a formal league in 1964 with the assistance of 
Lee Stone and Curt McCombs. There are now five 
midget teams and five pee wee teams in Asheboro; 
Ramseur, Randleman, Liberty and Trindale also 
have these football leagues for youth. 

The first golf course in the county was the Ashe- 
boro Municipal Golf Course built in 1935 with WPA 
help. The Asheboro Country Club was organized in 
1949 and constructed a nine-hole golf course in 1955. 
Ray Cummings decided to turn his 378-acre farm into 
the Uwharrie Golf Course in 1962. The Pinewood 
Country Club near Asheboro opened in 1971 and 
provides a golf course for its members. 

Swimming was confined to the old swimming hole 
on some river or pond in early Randolph County. 
There were a few privately owned swimming pools in 
the 1920*s, but the first municipal pool was built in 
Asheboro by the Asheboro Memorial Foundation, 
Inc., in 1948 in honor of the men and women who lost 
their lives in World War II. The pool and park are 
now operated by the City Parks and Recreation 
Department. In July 1980 the City of Asheboro will 
open an Olympic size pool at the North Asheboro 
park. There are other swimming pools in the county, 
but they are all owned by private clubs or individu- 

The McCrary Recreation Center opened in Ashe- 
boro in November, 1949. It is an example of an excel- 
lent facility designed to serve families of employees, 
yet open to the community for many events. The 
Center includes a basketball court, an indoor pool, a 
bowling alley, a billiard room, and a cafeteria. It was 
of great service to the community when there were 
few recreation facilities available. Thursday nights at 
McCrary Center when the cafeteria is open to the 
public are special evenings for many families and in- 

Automobile racing has become a favorite spectator 
sport with many Randolph County citizens because 
of the Petty family. The Petty Auto Racing dynasty 
began in 1949 when Lee Petty ran the family car in 
the first Grand National race at Charlotte. He raced 
until an accident caused his retirement in 1962. Lee 
Petty was the first motorsports figure to be elected to 
the North Carolina Sports Hall of Fame in 1966 and 
he is one of twelve all-time greats who has been 


■■ ' . 

elected to the National Motorsports Press Associa- 
tion's Hall of Fame. 

Lee Petty turned over the driving to his son, 
Richard Petty, who started racing in 1958. Richard 
Pettys name is well known all over the NASCAR 
world. With his brother, Maurice, and his father, 
Lee, Richard Petty runs Petty Enterprises in Level 
Cross. In the 1979 racing season, he was again the 
top money winner and his career earnings are a 
Grand National record. Some of his honors have 
been: Grand National Rookie of the Year, 1959; Mar- 
tini & Rossi American Driver of the Year, 1971; In- 
duction into North Carolina Sports Hall of Fame, 
1973; Most Popular Grand National Driver for nine 
years between 1962 and 1978: National Motorsports 
Press Association Driver of the Year in 1974 and 

In 1979 the third generation of Petty racers began 
his career. Kyle Petty, son of Richard and grandson 
of Lee, ran in several local and national races and he 
won his first ARCA race at Daytona, Florida. 

Hunting, always a popular sport in the county, got 
a boost when the North Carolina Department of Con- 
servation and Development opened a State Game 
Farm in 1928. The Department leased 102 acres of 
land south of Asheboro from the county. The State 
Game Farm raised wild turkeys, pheasants, quail, 
deer and other fowl and game to be released into 
refuges and protected areas throughout the state. The 
State Game Farm closed in the mid thirties. 

In the last twenty years several of the towns in the 
county have created Parks and Recreation Depart- 
ments and hired at first part-time and later full-time 
directors. Donations of land for parks were received 
in several towns. Some of these parks are: Arch- 
dale's Creekside Park, 1974; Asheboro's Frazier 
Park, 1911, Memorial Park, 1948, Kiwanis Park, 
1976, and North Asheboro Park, 1980; Liberty's 
Freedom Park and Paul H. Smith Park; Ramseur's 
Allen Leonard Park beside Deep River. A new park 
around the new Ramseur City Lake is being de- 
veloped and will open in stages beginning in 1980. 
Randleman's Recreational Park on Stout Street 
opened in 1976. 

The Parks and Recreation Departments maintain 
ball fields for both football and baseball, tennis 
courts, volley ball and soccer programs, children's 
play areas, picnic areas and other family recreation 

There are two types of square dancing performed 
in Randolph County. The older of the two is Ap- 
palachian Square Dancing always accompanied by a 
live string band. The Grange Hall at Farmer is the 
site of the oldest continuous Appalachian Square 
Dancing meetings in the county, having held dances 
twice a month since 1945. Appalachian style is also 
danced at the Worthville Community Center once a 
week. The Trinity Grange at one time also sponsored 
this type of square dancing. The newest and fastest 
growing type is the Western Square Dance of which 

Frazier Park, Asheboro, 1978, donated by R.W. Frazier in 1911. 

Allen Leonard Memorial Park. Ramseur. 1976. 

YMCA, new building — proposed plans on display to Board Members, 
Dr. Cecil F. Brown and William T. Watson, III. 


1 lii'ifn' sL 


Sunset Theater, Asheboro. 

fe^"- • t -'-~~- r - 

s--"> ' 

W&kF-Zr-- ■■■.- 




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uiii.(iim^2 B u „ 

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YMCA. new building a reality, December 1979. 


The moving picture show has changed hands. 
Mr. W. P. Fowler has bought the movie from Col. 
Bowman, and will close the place until Friday to 
make it a place beautiful by overhauling and 
painting and otherwise improving the place. I will 
give the very highest class pictures service, in fact 
much better than has ever appeared before in 
Asheboro. Will be open Friday evening at 7:30p.m. 
Popular prices, children 50, 700 to adults. 

A good movie in Asheboro will meet a long felt 
want on the part of the people both in town and 
country. Such is about to be realized, since Mr. 
Fowler has purchased the show house on Depot 
Street and will greatly improve the place. He will 
open up Friday evening and give a matinee every 
Saturday afternoon at 3 o'clock. All ministers 
families admitted free. 

From The Bulletin ami Randleman News 
18. 1914. 

Asheboro, N.C., Feb. 

Randolph County has three groups of dancers: The 
Spinners, the Smiling Squares and the Eager Beav- 
ers. They maintain regular weekly meetings, the 
Smiling Squares meeting in Asheboro and the other 
two groups meeting at the Worthville Community 
Center. Classes for beginners are taught through 
Randolph Technical College. 

In 1970 the YMCA was organized in Randolph 
County with Dr. Cecil Brown as the first president. 
Early in the organizational plans, a goal was set to 
erect a YMCA building. The efforts were successful 
and the YMCA moved into its new building in De- 
cember, 1979. The facilities include an indoor swim- 
ming pool, basketball court, a health club for men 
and women, indoor tennis, volleyball and gymnas- 
tics. Additions will be made in the future as funds 
permit. The YMCA outdoors camping program 
started with Camp Cedarwood in 1971. The YMCA 
has also sponsored many adult and youth sports pro- 
grams since its organization both indoors and out- 
doors in rented facilities or facilities donated by 
churches or clubs in cooperation with the YMCA. 

Tennis gained in popularity in the 1970's. Most 
of the recreational programs offer tennis courts for 
practice and play and arrange tournaments in the late 
summer each year. 

Competition is keen in the bowling leagues. There 
are industrial, church and open leagues for men and 
women as well as for the youth. 

Horses have fascinated people in Randolph 
County since its beginning with horse racing an im- 
portant sport. Horse shows are held in many com- 
munities in the county, such as the Coleridge Horse 
Show and the 4-H Horse Show in Archdale-Trinity. 
Participants in riding and showing horses tour county 
shows in North Carolina and out of state. Maddux 
Whitley opened stables adjacent to the Asheboro 
Country Club to train horses and riders. The Shiflet 
family bought the stables after Mr. Whitley's death. 
There are riding stables and show rings in Archdale- 
Trinity and other areas of the county. 

Some of the other sports and games that have been 
or are of interest to people in the county are: Volley 
ball: Wrestling; jogging, racing and Marathon run- 
ning; soccer; archery; horseshoes; motorcycle riding 
and racing: and card games such as bridge, rook and 

Many Randolph County citizens have vacation 
homes in the mountains or at the beaches of North 
Carolina. These retreats afford the opportunity to 
ski, hunt, surf, fish and swim. 

People in Randolph County are subject to the na- 
tional habit of being spectators instead of participants 
in sports in spite of the large number who are mem- 
bers of teams. For years there have been jokes about 
"football, basketball, tennis and golf widows," not 
only because the husbands left home to play in these 
games but because when they were at home they 


were watching amateur or professional games on 
television with rapt attention. Women are finding 
they are excelling in games, too, and girls are being 
provided with wider opportunities in athletics in 
school. Emphasis is being placed on the value of 
sports and recreation in health and in time more spec- 
tators will become participants. Perhaps one of the 
most salient characteristics of life in Randolph 
County is a willingness, if not determination, to 
extract enjoyment and entertainment from every ac- 
tivity, no matter how apparently little it lends itself to 

ZOO In 1967 the State General Assembly au- 
thorized the North Carolina Zoological Gar- 
den Study Commission to study and make recom- 
mendations as to the feasibility of a state Zoological 
Garden being established. Their report indicated that 
the concept was feasible and in 1969 the Assembly 
created the North Carolina Zoological Authority. 
Randolph County showed an early interest in having 
the proposed Zoo located here. In 1970 the Zoologi- 
cal Authority, meeting in Asheboro, established the 
criteria for the proposed zoo. 

The Asheboro Chamber of Commerce appointed a 
Zoological Garden Committee to work to locate the 
Zoo in Randolph County. The Committee Chairman 
was Wescott Moser, with David Stedman as Fi- 
nance Chairman. 

A comprehensive Randolph County Zoo Brief was 
submitted October 30, 1970, to the Site Selection 
Committee of the Authority. Randolph County was 
then one of six communities invited to make a public 
presentation to the full committee in December 1970. 
In February 1971 the Site Selection Committee made 
a recommendation to the Authority that the new 
North Carolina Zoological Park be located at Purgat- 
ory Mountain in this county. Meeting the same day, 
the full Authority unanimously concurred with the 
Committee's recommendation. 

In October 1971 the Randolph County Society for 
Zoological Development donated to the state 1,371 
acres of land which had been purchased with funds 
raised locally. 

Two important bond referenda were approved in 
1972. The citizens of the state approved $2,000,000 
for Zoo development and design, and the citizens of 
Asheboro and Randolph County approved 
$1,800,000 for water and sewer lines to the new Zoo 

Governor Robert W. Scott on March 1972 in a spe- 
cial dedication ceremony declared the Zoological 
Park a primitive recreational area and officially 
opened the first buildings. 

In February 1973 Governor James E. Holshouser 
announced the appointment of William Hoff, Direc- 
tor of the St. Louis Zoo, as the first Director of the 
Zoo. The following April the firm of J. Hyatt Ham- 
mond Associates was appointed as the architect to 

Capitol Theater, Asheboro. 

A. <**£i 

s^ II 

■ ■ • 


? r* V 

Recreational vehicles add to the pleasure of leisure hours. 

» ■ 

Ramseur Foot-bridge, a place to visit on Sunday afternoon. 
Randleman outing at Naomi Falls Dam. 

develop a master plan for the zoo. Later the firm was 
retained to design the first phase of the African sec- 

In 1975 a grant for $1,000,000 was awarded to the 
Zoo by the Z. Smith Reynolds Foundation. The grant 
was matched by the 1975 General Assembly. The 
State of North Carolina, industry, foundations and 
private citizens have invested over $16,000,000 in the 
development of the Zoo. 

A temporary Zoo was set up to take care of the 
animals being purchased for the permanent Zoo. This 
facility was opened on August 2, 1974, and was seen 
by 284,297 visitors from July 1978 through June 1979. 
For the first public occasion in 1974 the ribbon was 
cut by Lt. Governor James P. Hunt and the key 
speaker was James E. Harrington, Secretary of Nat- 
ural and Economic Resources. 

The first part of the permanent Zoological Park 
was opened to the public on October 15, 1979. For- 
mal opening of the African section is scheduled for 
the spring of 1980. 

Construction at the Permanent Zoo is visited by 
members of the General Assembly; giraffes and os- 
triches enjoy their new surroundings in the Zebra- 
Ostrich-Giraffe habitat of the African section. 



. -- .. 

Me,; -....i» *>- 

TO THE Randolph County people are 

TRICENTENNIAL prone to look to the future 
rather than to dwell on the past, yet there is a curios- 
ity about what life was like here in the time that has 
gone by. Not too many years ago there were persons 
living whose lives began at the time of the Civil War 
and from their grandparents they could have learned 
personal accounts of the Revolution. Thus history is 
tied from generation to generation. 

The records that have been left have made it possi- 
ble to satisfy some of the desire to know about the 
earlier days, but as John Woolman said many years 
ago of the Pennsylvania wilderness. "People who 
have never been in such places have but an imperfect 
idea of them." 

This book was originally conceived of as a book 
about the people of the county commemorating the 
bicentennial year, but it was soon apparent that peo- 
ple are shaped by the history through which they 
have lived. Nevertheless, it is after all a book about 
people, because all those who have lived in this 
county have made its history. 

Homes of the county — the heritage and the changes: farm home, 
mobile home, landscaping for beautification, yard sales and 
high-rise apartments. 

iliffiiiP . t 

I ■ KID! .:....:. 
SI2 E9.0 
SAT 9 6 SIK 


_ ■*•■ 



IV ^ I 

Communities depend on traditions and services of their peo- 
ple in order to thrive: churches, fund drives, assistance to 
refugees and to senior adults. Pisgah Methodist Church, 
United Appeal and a bicentennial brush arbor at Neighbors 
Grove Wesleyan Church are examples of these. Caleb Jones 
purchases peas and hog jowl for New Year's Day traditional 


Health care for the young and for older citizens: home health care therapy 
from the Health Department, entertainment at a nursing home, new room at 
Brian Center, camping at YMCA Camp Cedarwood and an exercise 
machine for athletes. 

Recreation preferences vary from sports to art to resting in 
the shade — or to attending the Fall Festival sponsored by 
the Arts Guild each year. The visit of Southern Railroad's 
"Friend" was the county's bicentennial special feature at 
the Festival. 

-•■■<■ ^ 

- - 



A fleet of modern school buses transports children to 
schools employing methods of teaching to prepare 
them for today's world; Cathy Cranford Lane paints 
a local scene for an art show; the North Asheboro 
Park nears completion. 

Government responsibilities and services mean 
swearing-in ceremonies, listing taxes, postal ser- 
vice, fire protection, etc. Aerial view of Ashe- 
boro shows post office, municipal building and 
cemetery; mail boxes have to be painted; fire 
hoses need to be drained; "givin'in" is to be 
done each year. 

Citizenship also means registering to vote, voting and seek- 
ing office; recycling aluminum, paper and glass. Asheboro 
polling places use voting machines; the county has 46 vot- 
ing machines in twenty of the thirty-nine precincts. Tires at 
the county land-fill are a sign of the times. The fountain at 
the drugstore is giving way to vending machines, but at one 
still in use at the Economy Drug Company in Randleman, 
Maria Talley is serving a customer. 

flV toe 
— +- 

j s r j t r/>fiu<f 


''*-- -V. 

Agriculture and industry are the twin bases of the county's 
economy. Egg and poultry production and pure bred Holstein 
daily cattle illustrate agriculture's contribution; and a Bur- 
lington Industries machine is an example of industrial produc- 
tion. The balance between industry and agriculture is an impor- 
tant feature of Randolph County's progress. 


'■ ■ -,.- ■■ . . . . 

Today's way of life: fast food restaurant; banking by use of 
a mechanical teller; self-service gasoline stations; color 
television (Brim's Appliance and TV); disposable gloves 
(John Plant Company, Ramseur). 

~ ' f ' 

More on today's lifestyles: motels for travelers (Sir Robert 
Motel in Asheboro); shopping centers (Hammer Village); 
computer controls in industry (Jeanette McGinn at Deep 
River Dyeing Company, Randleman); Sea King Fish Camp 
— fast food service. Two companies providing essential 
services to support the way of life are Moore, Gardner 
Associates (engineers) and Central Telephone Company. 

Streams and rivers have 
been used for two 
hundred years for land- 
marks on deeds and 
many other official pap- 
ers. They are important 
as points of reference 
because roads change 
and trees die. The abun- 
dance of water is a valu- 
able resource. The map 
shows the watercourses 
found here by the early 
settlers and known 
today by residents of the 


as p( 


and t 









1. Trinity College 

2. New Market Inn 

3. Bell-Welborn Graveyard 

4. Bell's Mill 

5. Old Union Methodist Church 

6. Providence Friends Meeting 

7. Bethel Methodist Church 

8. McGee's Ordinary 

9. Richland Lutheran Church 

10. Sandy Creek Baptist Church 

11. Pyrophyllite Mine 

12. Walker's Mill 

13. Naomi Wise drowning 

14. Dicks Mill 

15. Skeens Mill Covered Bridge 

16. Hoover Hill Mine — other mines in area 

17. Mt. Shepherd Pottery site 

18. Camp Caraway 

19. Cedar Falls 

20. Faith Rock 

21. Cox's Mill (Levi's — Civil War era) 

22. Cox's Mill (Harmon) 

23. Buffalo Ford 

24. Holly Spring Friends Meeting 

25. Keyauwee Indian Village 

26. Andrew Balfour's home 

27. Salem Methodist Church 

28. Lassiter's Mill 

29. Pisgah Bridge 

30. Shiloh Christian Church and Academy 

31. Searcy- Waddell Ferry 

32. Seagrove Pottery Museum 

33. Asheborough Female Academy 






I. Whereas, the large extent of the County of Guilford renders it 
grievous and troublesome to many of the Inhabitants thereof to at- 
tend the Courts, General Muster, Elections and other Public Meet- 

II. Be it therefore Enacted by the General Assembly of the State of 
North Carolina, and it is hereby Enacted by the Authority of the 
same, That from and after the passing of this Act the said County of 
Guilford be divided into two separate and distinct Counties; Beginn- 
ing on the Anson Line at the Corner of Rowan, Thence running 
North twenty eight Miles, then East to the Orange line, and all that 
part of the said County of Guilford that lies South of the aforesaid 
line shall continue to remain a distinct and separate County by the 
name of Randolph. And for the due Administration of Justice. 

III. Be it Enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That a Court for the 
County of Randolph shall be held by the Justices thereof on the 
second Mondays of March, June, September and December, and the 
Justices for the said County of Randolph are hereby authorized and 
impowered to hold their first Court in the same at the House of 
Abraham Reese on the second Monday of March next, and all sub- 
sequent Courts for the said County on the days above appointed for 
holding Courts therein at any place to which the said Justices shall 
from Court to Court adjourn themselves; until a Court House, 
Prison and Stocks shall be built for the said County of Randolph, 
and then all Courts, Musters and Elections and Things depending in 
the said Court, and all manner of Process returnable to the same 
shall be adjourned to such Court House, and all Courts held in and 
for the said County of Randolph shall be held in the same manner 
and under the same Rules and Restrictions, and shall have and 
exercise the same power and Jurisdiction as are or shall be provided 
for other Courts held for the several Counties in this State. 

IV. And be it further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid. That 
nothing herein contained shall be construed to debar the late Sheriff 
and Collectors of the said County of Guilford, as the same stood 
undivided, to make Distress for any Levies, Fees, or other dues, now 
actually due, and owing from the Inhabitants of the said County as it 
formerly stood undivided, in the same manner as by law the said 
Sheriff or Collector could or might have done if the said County had 
remained undivided, and the said Levies, Fees and other Dues shall 
be collected and accounted for in the same manner as if this Act had 
never been made; any Thing herein contained to the contrary not- 

V. And be it further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid. That on 
or before the first day of April next the Sheriff of Randolph shall 
from Time to Time account for and pay to the Treasurer of the 
Southern District of this State for the Time being all public Levies by 
him collected, or wherewith he shall stand chargeable, in the same 
manner and under the Pain and Penalties as other Sheriffs. 

VI. And be it further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid, that 
Thomas Owen, John Collier, John Adineal, and Jacob Shepperd be, 
and are hereby appointed Commissioners for running the dividing 
line between the aforesaid Counties of Guilford and Randolph 
Agreeable to this Act: And Abraham Tatom, William Cole, John 
Hinds, John Collier and William Bell, commissioners for fixing upon 
the most convenient place for erecting the Court House, Prison and 
Stocks for said County of Randolph, as also for contracting with and 
employing Workmen to build the same; and they are hereby impow- 
ered and required to run the said dividing Line between the said 
County of Guilford and the County of Randolph agreeable to the 
Directions of this Act, which said Lines when run by the Commis- 
sioners, or a majority of them shall be by them entered on the 
Record in the County Court of each of said Counties and shall there- 
after be deemed and taken to be the dividing Line between the said 
County of Guilford and the said County of Randolph. 

VII. And be it further enacted by the Authority aforesaid. That 
the Tax of two shillings on each hundred pounds shall be and is 
hereby assessed on the taxable Property in the said County of Ran- 
dolph for Three Years, to commence from the first Day of April 
next, and that all persons who shall refuse or Neglect to pay the said 
Tax at the time limited for the payment of the Public Taxes shall be 
liable to the same Penalties and Distresses for non-payment of public 
Taxes, and the Collectors of the said County are hereby required 
and directed to account for, and pay the Money by him so collected 
to the Commissioners aforesaid, after deduction six per Cent for 
their trouble in collecting the same; and in case of failure or neglect 
of the said Collectors, such Collector so failing or neglecting shall be 
liable to the same Penalties and recoveries as by Law may be had 
against Collectors of public Taxes in like cases. 

VIII. And be it Enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That all man- 
ner of Suits, Causes, Pleas, whether Civil or Criminal now Com- 
menced and Depending in the County Court of Guilford shall con- 
tinue and may be prosecuted to a final End and Determination; 
anything in this Act to the Contrary notwithstanding. 

IX. And be it further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid. That the 
said County of Randolph shall be annexed to the District of Hills- 
borough, and three Jurymen shall be appointed by the said County 
Court to attend the Superior Courts of Hillsborough in the same 
manner and under the same Penalties as Jurors are appointed in 
other Counties. 

X. And be it further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid. That all 
Justices of the Peace and all Militia Officers within the said County 
of Randolph, and also within all the new Counties erected and estab- 
lished at this present Session of Assembly shall continue to exercise 
their respective Officers and Commissions until the first Meeting of 
the Courts of the said respective new Counties. 

CONVENTIONS OF 1788 and 1789 

1788 — Hillsborough: William Bowdon, Zebidee Wood, Edmund Waddell, Thomas 

Dougan, Jesse Henley 

1789 — Fayetteville: Zebidee Wood, Reuben Wood, Nathan Stedman, William Bailey 


1835 — Raleigh: Alexander Gray, Benjamin Moffitt 

Colonial Conventions: 

Representative to the Third and Fourth Colonial Assemblies in New 
Bern, 1773-1775, and to the Provisional Congress, 1774-1776: 
Joseph Reding from Pasquotank County who later moved to Ran- 
dolph County to live. 


Fragment of the 1758 Tax List of Rowan County, dated 8 October 1758, 

Robert Lamb 1 

Wm. Ellis 9 

John Nation 9 

Thomas Fannen 1 

Wm Clark 1 

Thomas Hoper 2 

Roberd Anderson 1 

John Cooley 1 

Mamaduke Vicry 2 

Wm Robins 1 
John Bryant, Constable 

Elixander Tansey 2 

Cornelus Cain 1 

Jaramiah Reyndals 1 

Wm Diffee 1 

Samuel Osborn 1 

Wm Brukshear 2 

Elisha Isaac 1 

Joseph Cantrel 1 

Enoch Rigdon 1 

Addam Davis 1 

of persons residing in the northwest quarter of present Randolph County: 
Wm. Robins 
Isaac Davinport 
Joseph Robins 

Maren (Manen?) Bruckshear 
Michel Swem 
Samuel Curtis 
Beniaman Pettit 
James Webb 
Wm Langly 
Hennery Walton 
Wm Reyndals 
Recherd Crunk 
John Lewes 
Samuel Clark 
Edward Thornbrough 
Nathan Reid 
Wm Thornbrough 
Rechard Robins June (Jr.?) 
Joseph Medonel 
Roberd Fields 
Mager Beazeley 

(Numbers refer to total number of taxable polls, black and white combined) 

(From Journal of North Carolina Genealogy, Winter 1964, p. 1383, published by William Perry Johnson) 

RANDOLPH COUNTY — Justice of the Peace Commissions 

Justice of the Peace Commissions Date 

1. William Millikan, John Hinds, Jacob Sheppard, William Cole, John Collier, Joseph Hinds, George Cottenor, John Arnold, 

William Plunkett, Richardson Owen, Winser Pearce, William Bell, William Merrell, John Lowe, Enoch Davis 26 February 1779 

2. Jeduthan Harper, John Lane & Isaac Beeson, Esquires 5 January 1787 


3. Nathaniel Steed, William Richards and Jacob Skeen 25 November 1784 

4. John Fushegarner (Foushee Garner), Haman Miller, Solomon Fuller, William Bailey 5 December 1789 

5. William McLean, John Arnold and Thomas Duggan 18 January 1792 

(Seal broken) 

6. Roger Williams, William Armstead, John Moss, John Craven, Senr., Richard Cox, James Bane 7 January 1794 

7. Joseph Smith, Esquire 18 Dec. 1801 

8. Samuel Graves, Samuel Prevo, William Thornberry, Josiah Lindon, Lewis McMasters, John Moss, John Lain, Junr., 

James Lowe, Senr., Samuel Alston and Hugh Morfett 17 December 1806 

9. Jesse Henley, Benjamin Steed, Thomas Wray, Jacob Fouts, John Beard, John Hill, Benjamin Marmon, Lewis Jones, 

Solomon Goodman, Judathan Harper, Tidence Lane, Shubal Gardner and John Newlin 14 December 1807 

10. Joshua Holliday 17 December 1808 

11. Andrew Balfour 17 December 1808 

12. Miles McDonald 17 December 1808 

13. Seth Wade 21 December 1808 

14. William Fields 21 December 1808 

15. William White (no day) 1809 

16. James Ward (no day) 1809 

17. William Tucker, junr. (no day) 1809 

18. Richard Tompkins (no day) 1809 


19. Samuel Hill 

20. Micajah Lassiter, Colin Steed, Joshua Hadley, Isaac Lamb, William Hogan, Thomas Kirkman, Jacob Brower, William 

Aired, Bohan Jewlan, Joshua Swim, Isaac Causey and William Needham 

21. Benjamin Marmon, Lewis Jones, Andrew Purvis, Whitlock Arnold, Charles Duncan, Westwood Armstead 

22. Jonathan Laurence, Esquire 

23. Michael Bingham, Esquire 

24. John Moffitt, Sr., Esq. 

25. Joseph Swaim, Jeremy Cooper, Howgil Julian, Jesse Arlige, Barnabas Coffin, Tidence Lane 

26. Zachariah Nixon, Esq. 

27. Jesse Bray, Larcen C. York, Isaac Lane, Frederick Garner, Ezekiel Lassiter, Elisha McMasters, John AUred, John Wolf, 

Joshua Cox, David Fox, Wesley Dean & John Wetherton 

28. Robert Walker, Enoch Byrns, James Pool, Andrew Craven, William Wood, Jr., Simeon McMasters, Adam S. Crowson, 

John H. Hale, John Randolph Brown. 

29. John Branson, Julian E. Leach, Presley Ray, James Polk, John Robbins, John Parsons, Jeremiah Hadley, John C. Aired, 

William Macon, William B. Lane, John Elder, Eli Pugh. 

30. George Hoover, Jesse Steed, Emsley 

, Jesse Walker, Charles 

, Lewis Lutterloh (half of page missing) 


Joel Ingold, Noah Smitherman, Benjamin Hawkins, Micajah Cox, Wiley Brookshire, Daniel Bulla, Robt. M. Stinson, Joab 
Parks, Henry B. Elliott, Thomas Rice (part of page missing) 

Jas. Hopkins, Jason Harris, Alexander S. Homey, Alfred V. Coffin, Martin Miller, John A. Craven, Hugh Cox, John H. 
Hale, Benjamin F. Hoover, Henry W. Arledge, Alexander Hogan, Isaac H. Foust, John Fruit, Isaac White and Zebedee 

33. Thomas A. Futral, Anthony Y. Rich, Hugh McCain, Penuel Arnold, Jr. and Jason V. Harris 

34. Joseph L. Reece, Peter Scotten, Wilson Skeene, Wm. B. Vickrey, Jessee D. Cox, Hervey Presnell, Wm. B. Ingram, Thomas 

N. Ingram, Wm. Birney, Willie Andrews, George W. Dorsett, John Arnold, Henry Hill 

35. Marshall E. James, Robert M. Walker 

36. John P. Hancock, Ninevah Rush, A.M. , Jason Horney , Robert M. Walker, Elijah , Jeffrey H. Robbins, 

Allen M. Frasier, WiUey Andrews, Jesse Coltrane, Abel Co , John S. Brown, Jesse Steed, William Gollihorn, 

Robert Moffitt, Winslow Thornburg, Christopher Ray, John M. Worth and William B. Lane 

37. Elwood Clark, Henry C. Nance, D.H. Hayworth, Wm. D. Moffitt, Henry L. Steed, Robert E. Blair, Wm. S. Tomlinson, 

B.A. Seller, P. Wood 

38. William A. Dougan, Hugh Parks, N.C. Jarrell, Howgil Julian, Wm. R. Brown, Jacob H. Ellison, Paschal McRay, John 

Spinks, Wiley F. Andrews, Noah Rush, Jr., Jonathan Lassiter, John C. Hill 

39. Franklin Gardner 

40. John H. Hill, John S. Keerans, Jeremiah S. Bray, Alfred C. Troy, Jesse Coltrane, J.R. Caveness, and W.W. White. 

41. Martin Miller, Harvey Presnell, Abner A. Steed, J.M. Jordan, Wm. H.H. Conner, Peter Freeman, John B. Chilcott, Wm. 

A. Lowe, H.J. Harris, W.R. White. 

42. B.F. Hoover and Josiah Pragg 

43. John S. Steed, M.R. Moffitt, Dr. W.A. Woolen, Jas. T. Bostick, Jno. F. Johnson and Abner Gray. 

44. Noah Smitherman 

(no day) 1809 

(no day) 1811 
(no day) 1814 
(no day) 1815 
(no day) 1816 
(no day) 1818 
27 December 1831 
9 January 1832 

10 January 1835 

19 December 1835 

12 January 1837 
(no day) 1839 

2 January 1843 

6 January 1845 
4 January 1847 

21 December 1852 
25 December 1852 

6 January 1855 

10 January 1859 

5 February 1861 

18 September 1861 

24 May 1864 

22 December 1864 
26 January 1865 
1 February 1865 
4 February 1865 

1861, 1865, 1868, and 1875 

1861 — Raleigh Alexander J. Long, Alfred G. Foster 

1865 — Raleigh S.S. Jackson, Zebidee Rush 

1868 — Raleigh T.L.L. Cox, R.F. Trogdon 

1875 — Raleigh J.W. Bean, A.M. Lowe 



Area in square miles: 804 One of ten largest in state, ranking ninth. 

Rate of growth (1970 over 1960): 24.2% . Only seven counties with higher percentages. 

Latitude: Between 35 degrees thirty minutes and 36 degrees. 

Longitude: Between 79 degrees and 80 degrees 15 minutes. 

Average precipitation: 46.83 inches. 

Average temperature: winter 43.9 degrees; summer 76.56 degrees. Mean temperature 60.5 degrees. 

Comparison of statistics: 1920 

% urban population 18% 

% rural farm 82% 

% rural non-farm ? 

% over 65 years of age ? 

% under 18 ? 

% races other than white 11.6% 

median school year completed ? 

% employed in manufacturing 
% married women employed 
persons per household 

White male = 9.4 
female = 10.1 
Negro male = 8.8 
female = 9.5 

Enrolled in public schools, 1976-1977 = 17.856 

Employment in industry, 1976 = 30,810; labor force = 42,580 

New investments, 1975-1976 = $4,291,000; expanded investments = $4,372,000 

Acres of harvested and idle cropland, 1975 = 78,780 

Voter registrations, 1977: Democrats = 19,832; Republican = 17,409, Other = 2,038. 

Area of county: Land = 511.3 acres; water = 1.6 acres; total = 512.9 acres. Major categories of land = forestry, 296.6; cropland and pastures = 133; urban 

and built-up = 55.8 (Note: Add 000 to all these numbers.) 
Highway mileage. 1977: paved miles = 1,044.5; unpaved = 518.8. Total = 1,563.3. 

Recipients of public assistance, 1977: Aid to families with dependent children = 713; Aid to the Aged = 632; Aid to the Disabled = 572; Aid to the blind = 43. 
Retail sales, 1977: $218,866,696. Establishments = 752. 
Per capita income, 1977: $6,168. 


1790- 1970 

County of Randolph: 









* 13,795 white; 397 free Negroes; 1,640 slaves 










































































































By Census 


Back Creek 


Cedar Grove 




Frank linvi lie 


Level Cross 


New Hope 

New Market 

Pleasant Grove 







Countv totals 





























































Townships of Trinity, New Market, Tabernacle and Back Creek; 
from the districts of Captains Smith, Rush and Miller in the 1820 tax 

Adcock, Andrew, Arnold, Ball, Beckerdite, Bell, Blair, Boggs, 
Bolabaugh, Boyd, Briles, Brooks, Brown, Bulla, Byerly, Carter, 
Cashatt, Clark, Candel, Cole, Coltrain, Commel, Commons, 
Cooper, Cosand, Croker, Davis, Delk, Dewvol, Dickson, Farlow, 
Fentress, Fouts, Frazer, Elder, English, Elliott, Gardner, Gaddis, 
Gallimore, Goodson, Gosset, Graham, Gray, Green, Hale, Harlen, 
Harris, Harper, Hasket, Hawkins, Henley, Hill, Hinshaw, Hogan, 
Hodges, Hooker, Hopwood, Hodson, Hunt, Jackson, Johnson, 
Johnston, Jones, Lamar, Lamb, Laughlin, Leach, Low, Lytle, 
McCraken, Marten, Meredith, Mendenhall, Merrell, Millikan, Mil- 
ler, Murdock, Moss, Means, Morgan, Mullen, Newby, Needham, 
Newman, Nixon, Parsons, Pearce, Pierce, Plummer, Powell, Red- 
dick, Redding, Rich, Robins, Rush, Sawyer, Scott, Small, Smith, 
Spencer, Stalker, Swaim, Thayer, Thornborough, Tomlinson, 
Tucker, Varner, Wade, VValden, Walton, Whisenhunt, White, Wil- 
born, Walker, Wilson, Winslow, Wray, Wright, Yates, York. There 
were 354 taxables on the list in these districts. 

Townships of Providence, Frankinsville, Liberty and Columbia; 
from the districts of Captains Cole, Poe and McMasters in the 1820 
tax list: 

Allen, Amick, Beeson, Barton, Bain, Black, Branson, Brown, 
Brower, Burgess, Bunton, Burris, Burrow, Causey, Carr, 
Campbell, Carter, Cavness, Clapp, Clark, Cloud, Chamness, Cof- 
fin, Coble, Crafford, Craven, Crow, Curtis, Davison, Dennis, De- 
vinnee, Diffey, Dick, Doke, Duskins, Dougan, Ellison, Elliott, Er- 
win. Field, Forguson, Fox, Frazer, Fruit, Gillum, Hadley, Harden, 
Harris, Hays, Henry, Hockett, Hodgin, Holder, Horniday, Hin- 
shaw, Humble. Jackson, Jenkins, Jones, Julin, Kime, Kirkman, 
Kivett, Lamb, Lane, Laughlin, Lineberry, Long, Love, Low, Low- 
der, McCollum, McDaniel, McMaster, Marley, Marmon, Miller, 
Montgomery, Morris, Nelson, Odle, Osbond. Patterson, Phillips, 
Piggott, Pugh, Reynolds, Richardson, Ritesman, Robins, Routh, 
Russell, Sawyer, Scotten, Smith, Spoon, Staley, Stanton, Stout, 
Swafford. Swaim, Sweney, Swindell, Talbirt, Trogdon, Troy, 
Underwood, Vestal, Vickery, Walker, Watkins, Warren, Wells, 
Ward, White, Whitehead, Wilson, Wilborn, Wood, W'ritsell, Wren, 
Worthington, York. There were 441 taxables on the list in these 

Townships of Concord, New Hope, Cedar Grove and Union; from 
the districts of Captains Hoover, Shaw and King in the 1820 tax list: 
Arnold, Andrews, Auman, Bell, Bingham, Boling, Brookshire, Cal- 
licutt. Cole, Cornelison, Cranford, Crow, Dean, Dunbar, Elliott, 
Farmer, Fuller, Gibson, Graves, Hanner, Hardister, Harris, Hix, 
Hoover, Hopkins, Hudson, Ingram, Jackson, Kendal, King, Lam- 
berth, Lassiter, Lathem, Lewallen, Lewis, Loflin, Lowe, Lucas, 
Luck, Luther, Millsap, Miller, Morris, Nance, Nixon, Page, Pre- 
snell, Prevo, Ridge, Richardson, Sanders, Shaw, Skeen, Slack, 
Spencer, Snider, Steed, Strider, Thornborough, Thompson, Vun- 
cannon, Wade, Williams, Wood. There were 306 taxables on the list 
in these districts. 

Townships of Richland, Grant, Coleridge, Brower and Pleasant 
Grove; from the districts of Captains Cox, Moon, Lathem and Bray 
in the 1820 tax list: 

Asbell, Aston, Alderman, Armistead, Bird, Brady, Barker, 
Burgess, Allen, Arledge, Blair, Bray, Burrow, Brower, Brown, Car- 
ter, Caveness, Clapp, Chrisco, Craven, Cude, Chaplin, Cruthers, 
Cassady, Davis, Deaton, Edwards, Ferguson, Foushee, Fox, Gatlin, 
Goldston, Giles, Gilmore, Graves, Garner, Gardner, Hinshaw, 
Hodgin, Hancock, Hammer, Hendricks, Harvy, Hutson, Harris, 
Hussey, Johnston, Kemp, Kenworthy, Lane, Lambert, Lathem, 
Lawrence, Litler, Loudermilk, McLoud, McDaniel, McMillan, Ma- 
con, Marsh, Matthews, Marley, Mauraney, Moffitt, Moon, 
Needham, Parks, Pearce. Pervas, Rains, Reece, Redfern, Ram- 
sower, Spencer, Stewart, Stout, Swafford, Swearingame, Searcy, 
Spinks, Trogdon, Tucker, Tyson, Upton, Vandiford, Vestal, Wad- 
dle, Walden, Wilson, Whittle, Williams, Wilkeson, Yeargen, York, 
Yow. There were 360 taxables on the list in these districts. 











1874-1924; 1969 








1895- ? 



1670 John Lederer led an exploration parly to the Catawba River. His account is the first known description of this area. 

1694 John Needham and Gabriel Arthur, Traders for Abraham Wood, of Fort Henry (Petersburg), Virginia^followed the Indian Trading Path on a 

trip to the Catawba Indians. The Trading Path crosses from the origin of Sandy Creek to Painted Springs in what is now 
Randolph County. 

1733 Edward Moseley, Surveyor to His Majesty, the King of England, drew a map showing five sites and features of this county area. 

1740-1770 First white settlers (Germans, English and Scotch-Irish) came from Pennsylvania and other northern colonies — or from the Eastern seaboard 
of North Carolina. 

1744 Granville District created. Southern boundary was Randolph County's southern line. 

1746-1756 Some early land grants (Crown, Granville or McCulloh) were to men by these names: Adams, Chamness, Ballinger, Cox, Gant, Hoggatt, 
Laughlin, McCullom, Mendenhall, Renolds, Smith, Stroud, Terrell, Thornborough, Walker and others. 

1755 Land on both sides of Deep River at the Cedar Falls granted to Herman Husband by Lord Granville. 

1755 Sandy Creek Baptist Church first church established. 

1756 Samuel Walker granted leave to build a grist mill on Sandy Creek. 

1768 Several men were outlawed by Governor Tryon for being Regulators and participating in raids against the loyalists. 

1770 Guilford County formed from Rowan County and Orange County; the act became effective April 1, 1771. 

1770 William, Daniel and George Allen purchased from Joseph and Janet Scott 480 acres of land. The location then named Allen's Fall later became 


1771 Battle of Alamance. Regulators and Governor Tryon's troops met in battle on May 16. Six Regulators were hanged in Hillsborough on June 19. 
1771 Regulators were required to take the Oath of Allegiance to the King. Many chose instead to move to western counties. 

1775ca. Site near Mt. Shepherd believed to be a major colonial pottery manufacturing center. Scene of excavations in 1973-1975. 

1775-1781 Years of the American Revolution. County was scene of skirmishes between Patriots and Tories. (Population then was less than 5,000) 

1779 Randolph County formed from Guilford County by act of the General Assembly meeting in Halifax, February 26. Document signed by 

Richard Caswell, Governor. Named for Peyton Randolph of Virginia (1721-1775), popular leader of the period. 

1779 First County Court met at Abraham Reece's house near Brown's Cross Roads March 8, 1779. Act providing for formation of county was read. 

William Bell was elected Sheriff; William Millikan, Register of Deeds; Absalom Tatom, Clerk. William Cole, Joseph Hinds, 
William Bell and Enoch Davis were appointed to hold court. Three Courts were held at Reece's home. 

1779 First court house (a log house) was build on the land of Stephen Rigdon at Cross Roads. The fourth county court was held here in December 


1780 First settler in the Worthville area was Charles Hopper. Location on Deep River was first known as Hopper's Ford. 

1781 Cornwallis camped two days at the home of Martha and William Bell on Deep River, following the Battle of Guilford Courthouse on March 15. 

1781-1782 During the summer of 1781 David Fanning began his raids against the Patriots which ended in September 1782 when he fled to Charleston. His 
headquarters were at Cox's Mill. 

1781 General Cornwallis surrendered to General Washington at Yorktown, Virginia, on October 19. (The war was not officially over until 

September 3, 1783.) 

1782 On March 10 Colonel Andrew Balfour was murdered at his home by David Fanning and a band of Tories. On this same raid the Tories 

murdered Captain John Bryan and burned the homes of Colonel Collier and Major Dougan, as well as those of several other 

1782 Andrew Hunter escaped down Faith Rock on David Fanning's horse. Bay Doe, leaving behind the Loyalists and certain death. 

1781-1782 Men accused of being disloyal to the Patriot cause and the new State of North Carolina were required to appear before the court and take the 
oath of allegiance. Those who refused were declared outlaws. 

1784 Two-story court house was erected at the Cross Roads. First court was held in this building in March 1786. 

1784 Franklinsvilie land area was granted to Jacob Skeen by State of North Carolina. 

1785 Diffee's Ford named. Later became Central Falls. 


1787 Andrew Jackson was authorized on December 11, to practice law in county courts in several counties, including Randolph. He was 20 years old 

at the time, and appeared at Cross Roads at the March 1788 session of the County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions to 
defend Absalom Tatum, Clerk of Court. 

1788 Town of Johnstonville established by the North Carolina General Assembly. Named for Samuel Johnston, Governor of ihe state at that time. 
1790 Bush Hill estabushed. (See also 1887). 

1792 First postage rates set by Congress. The receiver of the letter paid the postage. 

1793 County Seat moved to Randolph Court House (Asheborough), after citizens in the southern part of the county requested that it be located in the 

center. On June 12, 1793, the first court was held there in a small wooden building. 

1796 Town of Asheborough received charter dated December 25, 1796. Named for Samuel Ashe. Governor of North Carolina, 1795-1798. 

1800 Peter Dicks who lived in New Salem built a grist mill on Deep River on site to be known as Dicks' Mill until 1848. 

1800 There were approximately 40 grist mills in Randolph County. 

1801 Christopher Morris purchased Franklinsville land area on which he built a grist mill. 

1805 Large two-story frame building was erected for Court House on Main Street in Asheborough. 

1807 First Superior Court session was held in Randolph County in April. 

1808 Naomi Wise was drowned in Deep River at Randleman by Jonathan Lewis. 

1809 First recorded reference to "new town of Liberty" in Randolph County deed book. 

1810 Individuals began searching for gold on their property, gold having been discovered and identified in 1802 in Cabarrus County. 
1816 Town of New Salem was organized. Not incorporated. 

1819 Early libraries were incorporated in New Salem (1819), Caraway (1820), and Ebenezer (1826). Only 29 others were incorporated in the state. 

1820 Elisha Coffin purchased land on Deep River from Christopher Morris. 

1820-1828 John Long, Jr., served in U.S. House of Representatives. Lived at Long's Mills near Guilford and Alamance County lines. 

1824 Jonathan Worth moved to Asheboro and began the practice of law at the age of 22. 

1825 State Literary Board was established. Fund was set up to provide state aid to public schools. 

1827 Asheboro City Cemetery was used for the first time (Marsh family plot). 

1830-1840 Many Carolinians left for western states. One-third of the population of Indiana in 1850 had come from North Carolina, and many of these 
were from Randolph County. Randolph County, Indiana, was named for this county. 

1833 Benjamin Swaim published Man of Business at New Salem. 

1836-1844 Benjamin Swaim published Southern Citizen, a weekly newspaper, in Asheboro. 

1836 First cotton mill in the county built at Cedar Falls. 

1838 Second factory in the county built at Franklinsville. 

1839 Asheboro Female Academy opened June 17. 

1839-1851 Union Institute founded at Trinity by Union Institute Educational Society. (See also 1851; 1859; 1892) 

1840 Free schooLs established in North Carolina. County divided into 21 districts; by 1850 there were 63 districts. 
1840-1860 Gold mining companies formed for more productive mining. 

1840 New Market named. Not incorporated. 

1842 Braxton Craven became teacher at Union Institute. 

1845 Island Ford Factory in Franklinsville third cotton mill built in county. 

1848 Union Factory built on Deep River near Dicks' Mill. Village named l ; nion Factory. 

1849-1850 Plank Road built from Salem to Fayetteville. Toll houses in Randolph were located at Page's Toll House, Asheboro, New Market and 


1849 Gold rush in California. Many miners and others in this county moved west. 

1850 Deep River Mill was built at Allen's Fall; renamed Columbia Factory in 1879. 

1851 At Trinity, Union Institute's name became Normal College. 

1859 Normal College became Trinity College; Braxton Craven, President. 

1860 South Carolina seceded from the Union December 20, 1860. North Carolina was loyal to the Union by a large majority, but voted to secede on 

May 20, 1861. Randolph County's vote was 45 for secession and 2,570 against. 

1861-1865 Over 3,000 men left Randolph County to become part of the North Carolina Troops of the Confederate forces. Home front divided in loyalties. 

1862-1865 First woman elected as Register of Deeds: Elizabeth Lawrence. 

1862-1865 Jonathan Worth held office as Treasurer of North Carolina. 

1862-1865 Shoes manufactured at Bush Hill for Confederate Army. 

1863-1865 Iron ore mined at Iron Mountain in Grant township. Smelter was located at mouth of Bush Creek in Franklinsville. 

1865 Men under General Joseph Johnston's command were mustered out at Bush Hill (Archdale) on May 1-2, after camping at Bethel Methodist 

Church for two weeks, April 16-30. 

1865 Randolph County voted 720-28 for a state ordinance abolishing slavery. 

1865-1868 Jonathan Worth served as Governor of North Carolina, the only governor from this county elected to date. Randolph County did not vote for 
him in either election, but the other counties elected him. 

1865-1883 Baltimore Friends Association assisted Friends in North Carolina in restoring schools, homes, meeting houses and agriculture. 

1866 John Randleman and John H. Ferree bought Union Factory and changed name of mill to Randleman. 

1868 New state constitution ratified by the people of the state. North Carolina was readmitted to the Union on July 20. 

1868 County courts were abolished by the Constitution of 1868, which provided for a state system of courts. Also, townships were established to 

replace militia districts. 

1869 Cedar Falls Manufacturing Company purchased by nine shareholders, including O. R. Cox, who resigned as Sheriff to enter business. 
1869 Trinity College (town) chartered as municipality. 

1874 Bush Hill chartered as municipality. 

1875-1890 Brantley York's Grammars in use in adult schools throughout the county. 

1876-1885 Dr. John M. Worth served as State Treasurer. 

1876 Randolph Regulator published by Marmaduke S. Robins. Name changed to Asheboro Courier in 1879. 

1879 Naomi Falls Factory built in Randleman. Named for Naomi Wise. 

1880 Enterprise Factory established at Foust's Mills. 

1880 Union Factory (town) incorporated and name changed to Randleman. 

1881 Worth Manufacturing Company built at Hopper's Ford. Name changed to Worthville. 

1881 Central Falls Manufacturing Company built cotton mill at Central Falls. 

1882 First woman assistant treasurer of a manufacturing plant in the county: Mrs. Mamie Pomeroy Nichols at Naomi Falls. Her husband was 

construction engineer for the High Point, Randleman and Asheboro Railroad. 

1884-1890 Cape Fear and Yadkin Valley Railroad, 30 miles in county through Julian, Liberty, and Staley built, with branch line from Climax to 

1886 Central Falls Manufacturing Company mill purchased by Worth Manufacturing Company and renamed Worth Mill No. 2. 

1886 Captain Basil John Fisher of England, with Captains St. Clair Winn and C. Slingsley Wainman, purchased land in Asheboro. They were 

interested in gold mining and established homes there. 

1887 Bush Hill renamed Archdale by the General Assembly. 

1888 Disastrous fire in Liberty destroyed large portion of the town. 


1888 First big plows and harvester-threshers used in farming. Decided changes in farming methods were the result of being able to use machinery. 

1889 Liberty chartered as town on January 30. 

1889 The High Point, Randleman and Asheboro branch of the Richmond and Danville (Southern) Railroad completed to Randleman and Asheboro. 

1890 J. A. Blair published Reminiscenses of Randolph County. 

1890-1920 Covered bridges were built over most of the streams in the county. Some 40 bridges were in use during the 1930's. Only two are standing in 
1979, though they have not been open to traffic since 1955: Skeen's Mill and Pisgah. 

1891 Asheboro Graded School established. 

1891 Asheboro Courier purchased by William C. Hammer and Wiley Rush. 

1892 Trinitv College moved to Durham. Preparatory high school stayed open in Trinity until 1903. 

1895 Columbia incorporated on March 31 and renamed Ramseur for General Stephen A. Ramseur. 

1895-1898 Aberdeen and Asheboro Railroad Company chartered by the Page family of Aberdeen. Norfolk Southern Railroad Company purchased 
franchise in 1912. 

1895 First graduate nurse in county: Mrs. Etta Kearns Douthat. 

1895 Central Hotel in Asheboro opened for business. 

1895 Fire in Liberty caused great damage. 

1895 Fire on Main Street in Asheboro destroyed Burns Hotel and other places of business. 

1895-1896 Second cotton mill built at Cedar Falls. 

1896-1922 Brokaw Estate purchased in Trinity Township. Used as hunting lodge by William Gould Brokaw. Manor House burned in 1922. 

1897 Asheboro Telephone Company organized. 

1897 Randleman Telephone Company organized. 

1897 Bank of Randolph established, first in county. 

1901 Staley incorporated as a town. 

1905 Charter issued to the Asheboro School District. 

1905-1914 First electric systems in county. 

1907 Liberty Telephone Company organized; now Randolph Telephone Company. 

1908 Statewide referendum on prohibition resulted in vote against alcoholic beverage sales. 
1910 Telephone service established in Seagrove by private company. 

1910 ca. First automobiles were appearing in the county. 

1910 Randleman appointed Chief of Police. 

1911 Volunteer fire department organized in Asheboro. 

1911 Confederate Monument in front of Court House dedicated on September 2. 

1911 Randolph County Historical Society organized. 

1911 William Penn Wood became State Auditor; served until 1921. 

1911 Ashlyn Hotel in Asheboro opened. Closed in 1965. 

1913 Town of Seagrove chartered. 

1914 First water supply provided for Asheboro, from Long Branch on Back Creek. 
1917 David S. Coltrane became first Randolph County Farm Agent. 

1917-1918 World War I. 

1919-1920 First municipal streets paved in county. 

1920-1921 First school buses used: Liberty and Trinity. 

1924 Carolina Power and Light Company started service in the county. 

1924 Randolph Tribune organized by A.I. Ferree and others. 

1924 First public library established in county: in Franklinville by John W. Clark. 

1925 County Health Department established: Dr. George Sumner first director. 

1925 Boy Scout program started. 

1926 Asheboro Chamber of Commerce organized. 

1926 Randolph Training School opened in Asheboro; renamed Central High School in 1953. 


1926 Water tank built for Liberty's water supply from five wells. 

1929-1930 First airplanes owned by county residents. 

1926 Greensboro-Fayetteville Bus Lines first provided inter-city bus service. 

1930-1939 Great Depression. 

1931 Farmer Grange established, first in county. 

1932 Randolph Hospital opened. 

1932 Wayside Garden Club organized in Ramseur, first garden club in county. 

1934 Roy Cox purchased the Randolph Tribune. 

1936 Pilgrim Tract Society in Randleman with Julius Stone as publisher started printing religious tracts and mailing them throughout the world. 

1936 First separate elementary school in the county: Park Street School in Asheboro. Since 1965 the Loflin School. 

1937 Randolph County Department of Welfare established (Department of Social Services.) 

1938 Barnes-Griffin Clinic established; renamed Griffin Clime in 1952; closed 1962. 

1938-1948 R. and R. Transit Company, operated by Arthur Ross, Jr., and J.D. Ross, Jr., provided transportation throughout Asheboro and surrounding 

1939 Asheboro Municipal Building dedicated. 

1939 Roy Cox purchased the Asheboro Courier and combined it with the Randolph Tribune. 

1939 Randolph Electric Membership Corporation was organized and chartered. 

1939 First Home Economist appointed: LaUna Brashears. 

1939 Liberty News began publication. 

1940 McGill's Taxi and Bus Company organized in Asheboro. 
1940 Randolph Public Library established. 

1941-1945 World War II. 

1946 Wing added to Randolph Hospital. 

1947 Radio Station WGWR erected, first radio station in county. 

1948 Carver College established in Asheboro by C.A. Barrett who directed the school until his death in 1960. 

1949 Commercial College of Asheboro established. Since 1976 Asheboro College. 
1950-1951 Annex built to Court House. 

1951 Asheboro High School building on Park Street completed. 

1953 Randolph Guide began publication in Asheboro with Barron Mills as Editor. It had been published in Randleman as the Randolphian. 

1954 Health Department building erected on Cox Street. 

1954-1956 Asheboro was recipient of first place awards for 1954, 1955, and 1956 in the Finer Carolina Contests sponsored by the Carolina Power and 
Light Company. 

1954-1957 Ramseur won first place in the Finer Carolina Contests in 1955, 1956 and 1957 and second place in 1954, in its population division. 

1957 The Farmer Committee won first place in one of the Finer Carolina Contests. 

1957 Randolph Telephone Membership Corporation opened its first exchange. 

1958 Randolph County Center for Exceptional Children opened in Asheboro in the American Legion Hut; moved to Teachey School in 1967. 

1960 Wing added to Randolph Hospital. 

1961 Uwharrie National Forest separated from Pisgah National Forest; headquarters established in Troy. 

1961 Ramseur Public Library opened in the first building erected for a library in the county, a bequest of M.E. Johnson. 

1962 Mt. Shepherd Retreat Center, High Point District, United Methodist Church established. 

1962 Randolph Technical Institute opened as an Industrial Education Center; renamed Technical Institute on October 2, 1965, and Technical 
College on July 1, 1979. 

1962 Camp Caraway established by State Baptist Convention; Mundo Vista added in 1969. 

1964 Asheboro Public Library opened in new building on Worth Street which includes Randolph Public Library headquarters. 

1965 Public schools desegregated and adjustments made in district lines. 

1965 Gatekeeper's House for Fisher Estate was moved from Sunset Avenue in Asheboro to Lanier Street to be used as a meeting place for three 
women's clubs. 

1965 Asheboro Municipal Airport dedicated. 

1966 Liberty Public Library moved to a new building. 
1968 Eastern Randolph Senior High School opened. 

1968 Trinity Senior High School moved to a new building. 

1968 Faith Christian School opened near Ramseur. 

1969 Southwestern Senior High School opened. 
1969 City of Archdale received charter. 

1969 Pottery Museum established at Seagrove by the Walter Aumans in honor of the early potters of the area. 





Site in Grant Township selected for the North Carolina State Zoological Park and Botanical Gardens. 

Randleman City Hall dedicated. 

Randleman Public Library opened in new building. 

Public Libraries established in Archdale and Seagrove. 

Archdale City Hall dedicated. 

Liberty Town Hall dedicated. 

New Randleman Senior High School building opened. 

Emergency wing added to Randolph Hospital. 

Pottery site (ca. 1775) excavated at Mt. Shepherd Methodist Retreat. 

Mental Health Center building dedicated. 

Bicentennial of the United States celebrated in Randolph County; Dr. Joseph R. Suggs, Chairman of the Bicentennial Committee. 

Residents of Archdale approved sewer bond issue of $4,000,000. 

Ramseur Town Hall dedicated. 

Building purchased by Town of Franklinville for Town Hall and Library. 

Dam completed on Sandy Creek for Ramseur water supply. 

Three bond issues approved by county residents: to improve school buildings and build new ones — $8,100,000; to build new county offices and 
to make an addition to the Court House — $2,875,000; and to build additions and new buildings at Randolph Technical College 
— $2,500,000. 

Archdale-Trinity News began publication. 

Bond issue approved by residents of Asheboro to build a dam on the Uwharrie River to provide more water for the city, and to improve sewer 
service — $8,500,000. 

YMCA moved to new building. 

Plans approved for a new Chamber of Commerce building to be located on Dixie Drive next to Stedman Corporation. 

First portion of permanent Zoo opened to the public in October. 

Work started on North Asheboro Park to be completed in 1980. 

Bicentennial of Randolph County. 


John Collier 1779-1782 

Thomas Dougan 1783-1785 

Edward Sharpe 1785-1787 

Jesse Hendley 1787 

Thomas Dougan 1788 

John Arnold 1789-1790 

Zebedee Wood 1791-1793 

Edmund Waddell 1793-1795 

Samuel Parks 1795 

Alexander Gray 1798 

Edmund Waddell 1798 

Alexander Gray 1799 

Henry Branson 1800-1803 

Alexander Gray 1804-1807 

Colin Steed 1808 

Michael Harvey 1809-1810 

Lewis Spinks 1811 

Alexander Gray 1812 

Whitlock Arnold 1813 

John Long 1814 

John Long, Jr. 1815 

Seth Wade 1816-1817 

Charles Steed 1818 

Seth Wade 1819 

William Hogan 1820 

Seth Wade 1821-1822 

Alexander Gray 1823-1824 

William Hogan 1824-1826 

Alexander Gray 1826-1829 

Abraham Brower 1829-1831 

Benjamin Elliott 1831-1832 

Hugh Moffitt 1832-1833 

Henry B. Elliott 1833-1834 

Alfred Staley 1834-1835 

Jonathan Reding 1836-1839 

Jonathan Worth 1840-1841 

Henry B. Elliott 1842-1845 

Alexander W. Hogan 
William B. Lane 
Jonathan Worth 
Thomas Black 
Marmaduke S. Robins 
John M. Worth 
Marmaduke S. Robins 
O.W. Carr 

Marmaduke S. Robins 
James J. White 
L.C. Phillips 
D. Reid Parker 
William P. Wood 
William H. Watkins 
Joseph A. Spence 
William H. Watkins 
James D. Gregg 
Clifford N. Cox 
Arthur Ross 
Chisholm C. Cranford 
Henry L. Ingram 
Henry L. Ingram 
J. Yon Wilson 
Arthur Ross 
Hal H. Walker 
Levin F. Ross 
Henry W. Jordan 
Samuel J. Burrow, Jr. 
Russell G. Walker 

































John Arnold 1779 

Jacob Shepperd 1779 

Absolum Tatum 1779 

Andrew Balfour 1780-1781 

Jeduthan Harper 1780-1783 

Edward Williams 



Absolum I alum 
Robert Maclaine 
Joseph Robbins 
Aaron Hill 
William Bell 
Zebedee Wood 
John Stanfield 
Edmund Waddell 
William Bell 
Zebedee Wood 
Aaron Hill 
William Bailey 
William Hill 
William Bell 
Reuben Wood 
William Bailey 
Henry Branson 
Michael Harvey 
Simon Geren 
Michael Harvey 
John Brovver 
William Bailey 
John Brower 
Whitlock Arnold 
Colin Steed 
John Brower 
Michael Harvey 
Whitlock Arnold 
Colin Steed 
Seth Wade 
John Brower 
Solomon K. Goodman 
Josiah Lyndon 
John Long 
William Hogan 
Seth Wade 
John Lane, Jr. 
Josiah Lyndon 
Joshua Craven 
Soloman K. Goodman 
Shubal Gardner 
Westwood Armistead 
Shubal Gardner 
John Brower 
Joshua Craven 
Charles Steed 
Abraham Brower 
Tidence Lane 
Benjamin Marmon 
George Hoover 
Robert Walker 
John B. Troy 
Hugh Walker 
Thomas Hancock 
Abraham Brower 
Alexander Cunningham 
Jonathan Worth 
Alexander Cunningham 
Abraham Brower 
Benjamin Hawkins 
Zebedee Rush 
William B. Lane 
Michael Cox 
Zebedee Rush 
Alfred Brower 
Julian E. Leach 
Zebedee Rush 
Isaac White 
Allen Skeen 
J.M.A. Drake 
Jesse Thornberg 
William J. Long 
John A. Craven 
Henry B. Elliot 
Alfred Foster 
John A. Craven 
Jesse Thornberg 














































































Isaac H. Foust 
Thomas L. Winslow 
Marmaduke S. Robins 
Jonathan Worth 
Joel Ashworth 
E.T. Blair 
Joel Ashworth 
Jonathan Lassiter 
S.F. Tomlinson 
J.W. Bean 
Harrison Frazier 
George W. Reid 
A.H. Kendall 
Hugh T. Moffitt 
M.L. Fox 
F.L. Winslow 
L.G.B. Bingham 
N.C. English 
G.S. Bradshaw 
A.S. Homey 
Marmaduke S. Robins 
B.W. Steed 
I.F. Caviness 
Thomas J. Redding 
John M. Worth 
Benjamin Millikin 
I.H. Pugh 
E.B. Kearns 
W.A. Woollen 
H.K. FuUer 
T.M. Robertson 
J.W. Bean 
E.C. Phillips 
James M. Allen 
James J. White 
J.M. Burrow 
Thomas J. Redding 
John T. Brittain 
Charles Ross 
D.I. Offman 
Thomas J. Redding 
William P. Wood 
W.T. Foushee 
Thomas J. Redding 
James R. Smith 
Hampton B. Carter 
Orlando R. Cox 
Romulus R. Ross 
George A. Foster 
James F. Pickett 
James E. Spence 
Ira C. Moser 
A.I. Ferree 
Ira C. Moser 
Clifford N. Cox 
Wiley L. Ward 
Nereus C. English 
Horace S. Ragan 
Walter B. Davis 
Joseph D. Ross 
A.I. Ferree 
S. Girard Richardson 
Jasper I. Moore 
Robert S. Hayes 
Wiley L. Ward 
Wiley E. Gavin 
Samuel J. Burrow, Jr. 
Cyrus R. Garner 
Cyrus R. Garner 
John R. Ingram 
Cyrus R. Garner 
William F. Redding III 
Jesse F. Pugh, Jr. 
Gilbert Davis 
Harold J. Brubaker 
William F. Redding III 














































































Erected by North Carolina Historical Commission 


Colonial Trading Path dating from 17th Century from Petersburg, Va., to Catawba and Waxhaw Indian Settlement. 

Headquarters of David Fanning, noted leader of North Carolina Tories 1781-82, stood four and one-half miles east near Bean'< Mill, in Ramseur, N.C. 

Mother of Southern Baptist Association. Founded 1755 by Rev. Shubael Stearns whose grave is here. 

Union Institute 1839. Normal College 1851. Trinity College 1859. Moved to Durham 1892. Duke University 1924. 

Governor 1865-1868. State Treasurer 1862-1865. 

Marks the Route of the Fayetteville to Salem Plank Road 129 miles long. Built 1849-1854. 

General Johnston's men paid off and mustered out near here. May 1-2, 1865, after surrender near Durham, April 26. 




Allen's Store 






(formerly Bush Hill) 



(Asheborough before 1923) 

Bachelor Creek 


Baldwin's Store 






Brower's Mills 


Brown's Crossroads 


Brown's Store 




Brush Creek 


Buffalo Ford 






Burgess Store 


Burney's Mills 


Bush Hill 







1845-1869; 1882-1900 

Cedar Falls 

1848-1860; 1878- 

Central Falls 




(formerly Coles Mills) 



Cole's Mills 


Cole's Store 


Cole's Store 


(Second location) 

Columbia Factory 


(formerly Reed Creek) 







Cox's Mills 


















(Formerly Heart) 







(Formerly Bingham) 

Flower Hill 


Fork Creek 

1860-1866; 1879-1905 

Foust's Mills 


Frank linville 






(Formerly Hoover Hill) 



Gardner's Store 




Grays Chapel 


Gray's Crossroads 


Gray's Store 






Hill's Store 




Hone Factory 


Hoover Hill 




Ingram's Store 




Jackson Creek 


Jones Mine 




(moved to Guilford) 



Kemp's Mills 






(Formerly Gray's Store) 



Lassiter's Mills 


Level Cross 


Level Plains 




Long's Mills 






Marley's Mills 

1827-1868; 1875-1905 











(Formerly Sandy Creek) 

Mendenhall's Mill 






Mill Creek 





Moffitt's MiU 






New Hope Academy 


New Market 


(Formerly Gardner's Store) 



New Salem 




Normal College 


(Formerly Institute) 

North Asheboro 


(Formerly Spero) 

Page's Station 












Post Oak 




(Moved to Strieby, 1887) 











(Formerly Columbia) 







Red Cross 


Reed Creek 




Reynolds Mill 


Richland Creek 


Riley's Store 


Salem Church 


Sandy Creek 




Science Hill 


(Formerly Gray's Crossroads) 



Soapstone Mount 

1851-1866; 1873-1901 











Stone Lick 






(Formerly Trinity College) 

Trinity College 


(Formerly Normal College) 

Troy's Store 












Waddell's Ferry 


Walker's Mills 




White House 


Why Not 









Asheboro, 27203 
Cedar Falls, 27230 
Central Falls, 27232 
Coleridge, 27234 
FranklinviUe, 27248 
Liberty, 27298 
Ramseur, 27316 
Randleman, 27317 
Seagrove, 27341 
Sophia, 27350 
Staley, 27355 
Trinity, 27370 

Carleton R. McCollom 
Crayteen A. Brown 
Mildred D. Williams 
Ethel C. Albright 
Edward A. Mitchell 
Betty P. Hemphill 
Elvin C. Cox 
George M. Murray 
Troy L. Moore 
Leonard Staley 
R. Wayne Ward 
Robert W. Loflin 

Compiled by Garland P. Stout and Revised 1979 


Companies operating mines before 1860: 

Buncombe Mining Company 

Honeycutt Mining Company 

Old Field Mining Company 

Randolph Mining Company 

Holmes, Honeycutt and Company 
Early Mine Owners: 

James Leach 

Alexander W. Hogan 

William B. Leach 

Philemon Hawkins 

E.P. Jones of Burke County 

William F. McKeson of Burke County 

Enoch Sawyer 

E.P. Miller 

Ki is" ill A. King 

Obed Anthony 

Samuel Hargrove 

James A. Long 

Samuel Gaither 

Jeremiah Adderton 

Alexander D. Honeycutt of Rowan County 

David W. Honeycutt of Rowan County 

Edmond B. Rice of Rowan County 

Benjamin F. Fraley of Rowan County 

Jacob Holsouser of Rowan County 

L. Blackmer of Rowan County 

A.E. Rape of Rowan County 

James Honeycutt of Cabarrus County 

Edmond Honeycutt of Cabarrus County 

James W. Patton of Buncombe County 

N.W. Woodfin of Buncombe County — Hoover Hill 

Manteo Mining Company 

North Carolina Gold Mining Company 

Oconee Mining Company 

College & Hepler Copper Company (N.Y.) 

North Carolina Transportation & Mining Co. 

Honeycutt & Culp Mining Company 

J.W. Woodfin of Buncombe County — Hoover Hill 

Nathan Kendal of Davidson County — Hoover Hill 

William Gollihorn (sold to W.W. Verden) 

William Verden of Baltimore, Maryland 

Iredel Loflin (Laughlin Mine) 

Charles F. Fisher of Rowan County — Laughlin Mine 

Jonathan Jones 

Henry Tyson of Baltimore, president of Manteo Mining Company 

Hunk Burkhead of Baltimore 

Henry Heneson of Baltimore 

Ferdinand Braunhard of Baltimore 

North Carolina Mining Company (1854) — Hannahs Creek: Wil- 
liam Hickock of New York; Chauncey Bush of New York; Ful- 
ton Cutting of New York 

Oconee Mining Company: Alfred H. Marsh; Henry B. Elliott; 
William Hickock 

North Carolina Transportation & Mining Company: Clarkson 
Coffin; Allen Harris of Massachusetts 

Scarlett Copper Mine on Haskett's Creek: John Scarlet & wife 
Elizabeth; William S. Marsh; Matthew S. Henley; L. Wood; 
A.S. Hornev; Addison Cross 


Delk Gold Mine on Jackson Creek: Joseph Delk; Benjamin F. 

Gray & McCain Gold Mine on Back Creek: Thomas VVinslow; 

A.H. Marsh; Henry B. Elliott (sold his interest to Worth); 

Jonathan Worth; J.M. Worth — Worths sold interest to Wil- 
liam B. Hill of Baltimore 
Ninevah Beckerdite sold his V 8 interest in Hoover Hill Mine to 

Thomas L. Avery, James C. Smith, J.O. Roberts, T.R. 

Caldwell, J.J. Ervin, W.W. Avery and I.T. Avery of Burke 

Ansel Pearce 
Joseph Hoover, Senr. 
Joseph Hoover, Jr. 
Ezra Beckerdite 
Amos Tucker 
Nixon Henry and A.M. Pugh sold their interests in the Hoover Hill 

Mine to Buncombe Gold Mine Company 

From Gold Deposits of the Southern Piedmont by J.T. Pardee 
and C.F. Park, Jr., U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 213, 

Allred (Burns, Overton, Randolph) 

Ned Sawyer 

Merrill (before 1860) 

Jones (before 1860) 

Laughlin (before 1860) 

Copple. Spencer and Ruth (before 1860) 

Southern Homestake (Cameron Mountain) 

Delk (Lyttonl 

Loflin (Herring, Empire) 

Miller, Brown, Hill and Loflin (Big Cut) 

Parrish and Kindley (Kismet) 

Jones (Keystone) 

Hoover Hill (before 1860) 

Wilson Kindley 

Pierce Mountain (before 1860) 

New by (Newberry) 

Davis Hill (McAlister) 

Davis Mountain (Conroy) 

Gray & McCain (before 1860) 

Asheboro and Jones 

McGrew (House) 

Scarlett (before 1860) 



Slack (before 1860) 


Gold Bowl (Pugh) 

Spoon (Pee Dee) 

Porter (Johnson) and Pilot Mountain 


Pine Hill 

Gollihorn and Smith (before 1860) — sold to Verden, Wm. W. 

Lowdermilk (McAdoo) 



Dowd and Rush 





Talbert and Hill 

Brummel Hill 



Delk (before 1860) 

Sawyer (before 1860), three main veins — Miller, Davis and Sulphur 

Coltranes Mill (before 1860), owned by Buncombe Gold Mining 

Carter Gold Mine (before 1860) — on Second Creek 


1850 CENSUS 

Thomas M. Moore 
William Jarrel 
Jonathan P. Varner 
Hix Bunting 
James W. Pearce 
William Smith 
William Isaac Robson 

(born England) 
Abel Yates 
James Hughs 
Samuel Small 
Henry R. Hix 
William Hardester 
Daniel Robbins 
A. Chandler 
Thomas Varker 

(born England) 
G.M. Floyd 
Nathan Hodgin 
George Greenfield 

(born Scotland) 

1860 Census 

James L. Fry 
Archabald Pugh 
Harrison Hicks 
Frank Wheeler 
Micajah Briles 
John Snider 
Lease Lambeth 
Josiah Lambeth 
Peter Yates 

E.P. Miller 

Albert Hamilton 

Isaac Robbins 

Solomon Byrns 

William Henly 

Alsey Floyd 

William Jackson 

Arthur H. Neil 

Philip Black 

Silas Gaddis 

Micajah Small 

WiUiam M. Hix 

Abel Crow 

George Gibson 

J.L. Fry 

G.E. Moore 

Jesse Millinax 

William H. Smith 

Thomas L. Avery 

Luke H. Cross, Blaster 

Thomas H. Cross, Blaster 

John Luther 
John Hopkins 
Madison Lamb 
Marshall James 
Decater Jones 
Thomas Daniel 
Thomas Barnes 
Winborn Ferrell 
William Cumins 


Council of State 



Commissioner of Insurance 

Commissioner of Agriculture 
Director, Department of Conservation 

and Development 
Department of Administration 
Department of Highway Commission 

State Board of Education 

Jonathan Worth 1865-1866; 1866-1868 
Reuben Wood 1800-1806 
Alexander Gray 1829-1829 
Jonathan Worth 1862-1865 
John Milton Worth 1876-1885 
William Penn Wood 1911-1921 
Waldo C. Cheek 1949-1953 
John R. Ingram 1973- 
David S. Coltrane 1948-1949 

George Ross 1949-1953 

David S. Coltrane 1960-1961 

D.B. McCrary 1937-1945 Acting Chairman: 

Charles Ross: 1925-1945 

Dr. Henry Jordan 1946-1953 

Charles W. McCrary 1956-1965 






VI bert son Road, Archdale 


Allen's Temple 


Alston's Chapel 


Amity Hills 

Baptist (Independent) 

Andrews' Grove 





Christian (UCC) 


Assembly of God 

Archdale, First 



Church of the Nazarene 




Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 


Seventh Day Adventist 


Wesleyan (Methodist) 

Armfield Heights 



Methodist Episcopal 

Asheboro, First 






Asheboro, First 

Congregational (UCC) 


Congregational (UCC) 


Church of Christ (Ind.) 


Church of God of Prophecy 


Church of God 

Asheboro, First 

Church of the Nazarene 




Jehovah's Witness 


Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 

Asheboro, Central 

Methodist Protestant (UMC) 


Pentecostal Holiness 

Asheboro, Central 

Pilgrim Holiness- Wesleyan 


Seventh Day Adventist 

Asheboro, First 

Wesleyan (Methodist) 

Asheboro, First 



Church of Christ of Latter 

Day Saints, Branch of 

Asheboro, First 

Evangelical & Reformed 


Christian Missionary 


Ashland Street, Archdale 


(Asheboro), First 

Assembly of God 

Back Creek 


Bailey's Grove 





Bible Missionary 

Beans Chapel 

Union Sunday School 

Bescher Chapel 




Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 


Methodist Protestant (UMC) 




Church of God 




Methodist Episcopal; and 

Methodist Protestant 


Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 



Bible Tabernacle 


Big Creek 



Methodist Episcopal 

Brookshire Chapel 

Union Sunday School 


Pilgrim Hohness-Wesleyan 

Browers Chapel 

Methodist Protestant (UMC) 

Brush Creek 

Primitive Baptist 


Methodist Episcopal 

Butcher's Graveyard 

Butler's Chapel 


Burnett's Chapel 











Back Creek 



























1888-1893; 1935-1943 Asheboro 







































Back Creek 















Frank linville 









New Market 


Pleasant Grove 


New Hope 


New Hope 


Back Creek 


Cedar Grove 












Calah (Buffalo Ford) 






Caraway (Flint Hill) 


Cedar Falls 

Cedar Falls 

Cedar Falls 

Cedar Falls 

Cedar Grove 

Cedar Square 


Center Cross 

Central Falls 

Central Falls 

Central Falls 

Central Falls 


Chimney Lane 

Christian Union 

Church of God 

Church of the Good Shepherd 



Cool Springs 

Cool Springs 

Cool Springs 

Cox's Chapel 


Craven's Schoolhouse 


Cross Road 

Davis Chapel 

Deep River 

Deep River Tabernacle 

Dogwood Acres 

East Side 


Edwards Grove 




Fair Grove 



Faith Christian 

Faith Temple 

Farlow's Chapel 



Fayetteville Street 

Ferree's Chapel 

Flag Springs 

Flint Hill 

Flint Hill 

Flint Hill 

Flint Springs 

Forest Park 

Fork Creek 

Fork Creek 

Foster Street 

Franklin ville (Moore's Chapel) 

Franklin vi lie 



Free Grace Mission 

Free Wesley Tabernacle 

Freedman's Chapel 



Baptist Mission 


United Methodist 

Gospel Church 

Union Sunday School 

Wesleyan (Methodist) 



Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 

Methodist Protestant (UMC) 

Free Will Holiness 

Wesleyan (Methodist) 





Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 

Wesleyan (Methodist) 

Union Sunday School 

Methodist Protestant (UMC) 

Church of God (Non-Pentecostal) 


AME Zion 




Wesleyan Methodist 



Methodist Episcopal 

Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 

Wesleyan Methodist 

Wesleyan (Methodist) 


Methodist Protestant 


Baptist (Independent) 

Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 


Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 



Methodist Protestant (UMC) 

Methodist Protestant 

Methodist Episcopal 

Baptist (Independent) 

Baptist (Independent) 

Methodist Protestant 

Baptist (Independent) 

Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 

Baptist (Independent) 

Methodist Episcopal 

Methodist Protestant (UMC) 

Christian (UCC) 

Church of God 

Methodist Protestant 

Friends outpost (SS) 


Primitive Baptist 


Pilgrim Holiness- Wesleyan 


Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 

Pentecostal Holiness 

Pilgrim Holiness- Wesleyan 

Methodist Episcopal 
Methodist Episcopal 








New Market 




Back Creek 


Back Creek 









Cedar Grove 


New Market 

New Hope 












Back Creek 




































New Market 



New Hope 












New Market 











Back Creek 

Back Creek 


Back Creek 





























Friendship (Brooklyn) 

Friendly (Red Cross) 


Friends vi lie 

Fulp's Memorial (Tabernacle) 

Full Gospel Bible 


Garrell Street, Archdale 

Giles Chapel 

Glade Springs 




Gospel Baptist, Glenola 

Gosset's Meeting House 

Gravel Hill 
Grays Chapel 

Harshaw Grove 

Hickory Chapel 

High Pine 

High Rock 



Hinshaw's Grove (White Hall) 

Holley's Chapel 

Holly Spring 

Hoover Hill 

Hoovers Grove 



Hughes Grove 


Humbles Grove 


Hope Chapel 

Jackson Creek 


Kings Mountain 

Legend Park 

Level Cross 

Level Cross 






Liberty, First 






Liberty Grove 

Liberty Grove 

Little River 

Louis Grove 

McCrary's Chapel 
Maple Springs 
Maple Springs 
Margaret's Chapel 






Pilgrim Holiness- Wesleyan 

Friends (Conservative) 


Church of God 

United Church of God 


Methodist Protestant (UMC) 

Sunday school 

Methodist Episcopal 



Baptist (Independent) 

Methodist Episcopal 


United Methodist 


Methodist Protestant (UMC) 



Wesleyan Methodist 

Wesleyan (Methodist) 


Methodist Episcopal 


Methodist Episcopal 

Pentecostal Holiness 


Methodist Episcopal 

Wesleyan (Methodist) 


Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 



Wesleyan (Methodist) 




Methodist Protestant (UMC) 

Pilgrim Holiness-Wesleyan 
Methodist Protestant 

Methodist, United 


Methodist Protestant (UMC) 


Christian (UCC) 


Methodist Protestant 

Methodist Episcopal 

United Methodist 

Church of God 

Church of God of Prophecy 

Jehovahs Witness 

Pentecostal Holiness 

Methodist Protestant 


Methodist Protestant (UMC) 



Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 


Methodist Episcopal 









Level Cross 











New Market 








New Market 


New Market 

New Market 


New Market 


New Market 






New Hope 












New Hope 



































Level Cross 


Level Cross 


















New Hope 





? -1875 








Cedar Grove 









Melita Grove 



Mt. Calvary 

Mt. Gilead 

Mt. Lebanon 

Mt. Lebanon 

Mt. Lebanon 

Mt. Nebo 

Mt. Olivet 

Mt. Olivet 

Mt. Olive 

Mt. Pleasant (Kivett's Church) 

Mt. Pleasant 

Mt. Pleasant 

Mt. Pleasant 

Mt. Shepherd 

Mt. Shepherd 

Mt. Tabor 

Mt. Tabor 

Mt. Tabor 

Mt. Tabor 

Mt. Vernon 

Mt. Zion 

Mt. Zion 

Mt. Zion 

Mt. Zion 

Mt. Zion 

Mountain View 

Mountain View 

Mountain View 

Mountain View (Amity Hills) 

Naomi Falls 

Neighbors Grove (Piney Woods) 

New Center 

New Covenent 

New Hope, Archdale 

New Hope 

New Hope 

New Hope 

New Jerusalem 

New Salem 

New Salem 

New Union 

New Zion Memorial Association 

North Asheboro 

Oak Forest 

Oak Grove 

Oak Hill 



Oakwood Park 

Old Union (Bell's Meeting) 

Oliver's Chapel 

Panther Creek 

Panther Creek 

Parks Cross Roads 

Patterson's Grove 

Pierce's Chapel 

Pierce's Chapel 

Piney Grove 

Piney Ridge 

Piney Ridge 


Pleasant Cross 

Pleasant Grove 

Pleasant Grove 

Pleasant Grove 

Pleasant Hill (Worthville St.) 

Pleasant Hill 





Wesleyan (Methodist) 

Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 


Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 


Methodist Protestant (UMC) 

Methodist Episcopal 

Holy Church 

Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 

Pilgrim Holiness-Wesleyan 

Pilgrim Holiness-Wesleyan 


Methodist Protestant (UMC) 

Methodist Episcopal 

Meeting house on Brush Creek 

Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 

Primitive Baptist 

Community Church 

Methodist Episcopal 

Primitive Baptist 

Union Sunday School 

Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 

Holy Church 

Pentecostal Holiness 

Methodist Protestant (UMC) 

Methodist Episcopal 

Pilgrim Holiness-Wesleyan 

Methodist Episcopal, North 

Wesleyan Methodist 

Methodist (Independent) 


Methodist Episcopal 

Wesleyan (Methodist) 




Friends (Conservative) 

Methodist Protestant (UMC) 

Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 

Pentecostal Holiness 


Methodist Protestant (UMC) 

Methodist Protestant (UMC) 

Methodist (Protestant) (Inc.) 

Church of God 

Friends outpost 

Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 

Baptist (Union Sunday School) 




Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 

A ME Zion 





Primitive Baptist 

Wesleyan Methodist 

Methodist Protestant 


Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 

Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 


Baptist (Sunday school) 


Methodist Episcopal 


Methodist Protestant 


New Market 


Cedar Grove 

















Cedar Grove 







New Market 

























Pleasant Grove 





Back Creek 


Back Creek 


Back Creek 













New Market 




New Hope 







Cedar Grove 




? -1899 



New Hope 










New Market 
























Franklin ville 




Pleasant Grove 







Pleasant Hill 

Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 

Pleasant Hill 

Methodist Episcopal 

Pleasant Hill 

Primitive Baptist 

Pleasant Ridge 


Pleasant Union 


Pleasant Union 

Wesleyan Methodist 

Poplar Ridge 



Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 




Wesleyan (Methodist) 

Quaker Heights 






Ramseur, First 

United Church of Christ 


Church of God 


Church of God of Prophecy 

Ramseur (Jordan Memorial) 

Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 


Pilgrim Holiness-Wesleyan 


Gospel Chapel 


Missionary Mission 






Church of God 




Pentecostal Holiness 

Randleman, First 

United Methodist 


Pilgrim Holiness-Wesleyan 


Seventh Day Adventist 

Randleman, First 

Wesleyan (Methodist) 

Randleman (St. Johns) 





Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 


Church of God 

Randolph Hills 

United Methodist 

Red Cross 



German Reformed 


Baptist (Independent) 







Rock Hill 

Primitive Baptist 

Rock Springs 


Rocky Mount 

Union Sunday School 

Rocky Ridge 

Wesleyan Methodist 

Rushwood Park 

Wesleyan (Methodist) 

Russell's Grove 


St. Delights 


St. Johns (Greater St. Johns) 


St. John's 


St. Joseph's 

Roman Catholic 

St. Lukes (Bulla's Grove) 

Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 

St. Mark's 

Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 

St. Mary's 

Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 

St. Paul 

Methodist Episcopal 

St. Peters 

Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 

St. Paul's 

Pentecostal Holiness 




Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 


Methodist Protestant 



Salvation Army 

Salvation Army 

Sawyers vi lie 

Pilgrim Holiness-Wesleyan 

Sandy Creek 


Sandy Creek 

Primitive Baptist 

St. Stephens 


Sandy Creek 


Sandy Creek (McGee's) 


Science Hill 


Saving Grace, Archdale 







Methodist Protestant (UMC) 


Church of God 














































































Cedar Grove 












New Hope 


















Back Creek 












Cedar Grove 












Jehovah's Witness 

Seagrove, First 


Shady Grove 


Shady Grove 

Congregational Christian 

Shady Grove 

Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 




Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 

Solid Rock 



Union Sunday School 

Sophia (Brown's Chapel) 




Soul Saving Station 

Pentecostal Holiness 

South Asheboro 

Church of God 

South Plain Held 


Spoons Chapel 

Methodist Protestant 

Spoons Chapel 

Christian (UCC) 




Methodist Episcopal 


Pilgrim Holiness- Wesley an 




Revival Fellowship Holiness 

Stouts Chapel 

Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 

Stouts Chapel, First 

Pentecostal Holiness 

Strieby, First 


Son Light 

Baptist (Independent) 

Seagrove — Why Not 

Wesleyan (Methodist) 

St. Sardis Temple 

Pentecostal Holiness 


Methodist Episcopal 


Pilgrim Holiness- Wesleyan 

Temple Heights 


Timber Ridge 





Independent Fellowhip 



Trinity, First 



Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 


Wesleyan (Methodist) 


Union Sunday School 


Methodist Episcopal 

Union Grove 


Union Grove 




Ward Street 


Welborn Chapel 


Wesley Chapel 

AME Zion 

Wesley's Chapel 

(John Wesley's Standi 

West Chapel 


West Asheboro 


West Bend 

Methodist Episcopal (UMC) 





Whispering Pines 


White Hall 


White's Chapel 

Methodist Episcopal 

White's Memorial 


Willow Lane 


Worth ville 





Methodist Episcopal 


Pentecostal Holiness 


Union Sunday School 









Franklin ville 








New Market 


New Market 


New Market 




Back Creek 






























Level Cross 












Cedar Grove 


New Hope 














Back Creek 


Cedar Grove 









Cedar Grove 
















Note: This list was compiled from directories, lists from denominational headquarters, the 1938 WPA Survey, etc. Unfortunately, it is still incomplete for 
some information was not available. Also, the committee did not have time to make a complete survey of churches. The list is believed to be informative 
about churches organized before 1930. 


John Long, Jr. 
James Madison Leach 
William McKendree Robbins 
William Cicero Hammer 

* Elected from other districts. 


1858-1860; 1871-1875 * 

1872-1878 * 




Academies were distinguished from the common schools for four reasons: they offered a few subjects more advanced than those taught in the public schools 
of the late nineteenth century; they prepared students for additional study or for teaching in the public schools; they accepted students from other areas who 
boarded with families in the neighborhood; and they charged tuition from $1.50 to $4.00 a month for all courses which were not financed by the public school 
system. Some academies included both types of schools, making it possible for students to continue their studies after completing the common school courses. 
Some of the buildings in which they were located were built by residents of the community who specified that the second floor was to be used by the Junior 
Order of the United American Mechanics, the Farmers Alliance, the Farmers Union, or the Masonic Lodge — or all of them; and some were erected by 
churches or educational societies; some were privately owned. All but one (which burned) were sold to the County or Asheboro City Board of Education to be 
used for public schools. 

Property Sold 
to Board of 




Belvidere Academy 

Sawyersville Road, Back Creek Township 

2. Bombay Academy 1900 1909 
On road to Albemarle from Farmer, New Hope Township; Term 

August 19-May 29 

3. Bush Hill Academy (Archdale) 1876 1936 
Became academy in 1883; after 1906 building used by County Board 

as public school 

4. Cheek Alliance Academy ? 1912 
Farmers Union, JOUAM and Masons used second floor; known as 

Pleasant Grove School after 1912 

5. Farmers Academy 1879 1907 
The Academy was known as Farmer Institute after 1893. Building 

was three stories high. Because of its location and its record as a 
college preparatory school, the County Board of Education selected 
it for one of the first rural high schools. 

6. Liberty Academy 1885 1907 
In 1888 Business Institute was added to name; 1896 the Academy 

became Liberty Normal College; wooden building burned in 1907. 

7. Mount Olivet Academy 1850 1888 
Near Mt. Olivet Methodist Church at Erect; many boarding stu- 
dents came from Chatham and Moore Counties and stayed in the 

area; building burned during Civil War, but was rebuilt by suppor- 
ters; Masons used second floor. 

8. New Hope Academy 1859 1906 
At junction of Brinkles Ferry and Troy Roads, New Hope Township 

9. New Salem Academy 1881 1885 
New Salem and Randleman High School, 1881-1885; Brantley York, 


10. Oak Grove Seminary (Academy) 1858 1892 
Near Oak Grove Methodist Episcopal Church; New Hope Township 

11. Parks Cross Roads Academy 1889 1905 
On the Columbia Factory Road at L.T. Parks line, Coleridge Town- 

12. Providence Academy 1867 1884 
Society of Friends established a school here about 1770 near the 

Meeting House; after the Civil War the school became an Academy 

13. Ramseur Academy 1890 1905 
On Jordan Highway in front of the present school; contained four 

classrooms and large room on second floor for Masonic Lodge; Wing 
added later; D.M. Weatherly was first Principal. 

14. Science Hill Academy 1845 1884 
College preparatory 

15. Shiloh Academy 1866 1908 
Near Shiloh Christian Church; preparation for college and for teach- 
ing in one-room schools; Principals: John R. Miller and Frank M. 


16. Trinity High School 1892 1919 
Preparatory school when Trinity College moved to Durham; prop- 
erty used as public school from 1909; Principal — J.F. Heitman 

17. Why Not Academy 1892 1915 
Business subjects included in advanced departments; building was 

two stories — four rooms; J. P. Boroughs first Headmaster; after 
1900, G.F. Garner; dormitory built for boys, girls lived with families 
in the community 

Sold to Asheboro School Committee: 
Asheboro Female Academy 1839 1891 

Asheboro Male Academy 1842 1891 

Destroyed by fire: 
Middleton Academy 18417-1868 

Between Franklinville and Cedar Falls; established by Homey and 
Makepeace families; burned during Reconstruction Era. 
Note: This list of academies may not be complete for some records are not available. The dates of sales to the Boards of Education were taken from the deeds. 





Absalom Tatom 
Jeduthan Harper 
Jesse Harper 
Hugh McCain 
B.F. Hoover 
Joseph H. Brown 
J.M. Hancock 





Jonathan Worth 
S.S. Jackson 


(died in office) 


Bolivar B. Bulla 
Alfred M. Diffee 
Geo. S. Bradshaw 
J.M. MiUikan 
G.G. Hendricks 
W.C. Hammond 
J.M. Caveness 
Frank M. Wright 
David M. Weatherly 
William A. Lovett 
C.J. Lovett 
Rufus F. Routh 
Kermit R. Frazier 
Tom Presnell 
Carl L. King 
Jerry M. Shuping 
John H. Skeen 










1926-1928 (died in office) 









1779-1782 William Bell 

1782-1784 John Collier 

1784-1786 William Pickett 

1786-1788 John Arnold 

1788-1790 Robert McLean 

1790-1800 Simeon Geron 

1800-1826 Isaac Lane 

1826-1827 Thomas Handcock 

1827-1840 George Hoover 

1840-1846 Isaac White 

1846-1850 Hezekiah Andrews 

1850-1864 J.W. Steed, Democrat 

1864-1868 Zebedee F. Rush, Democrat 

1868-1872 R.F. Trogdon, Republican 

1872-1876 W.R. Ashworth, Republican 

1876-1878 O.R. Cox, Democrat 

1878-1880 Benjamin MiUikan, Republican 

1880-1888 E.A. Moffitt, Democrat 

1888-1892 J.S. Swaim, Republican 

1892-1894 Romulus R. Ross, Democrat 

1894-1897 G.G. Hendricks, Republican 

1897-1899 W.F. Redding, Republican 

1900-1901 E.C. Lassiter, Democrat 

1901-1902 W.F. Redding, Republican 

1902-1906 T.J. Finch, Democrat 

1906-1910 S.L. Hayworth, Democrat 

1910-1916 J. Watt Birkhead, Democrat 

1916-1920 John F. Hughes, Republican 

1920-1922 J.A. Brady, Republican 

1922-1924 A. Carl Cox, Democrat 

1924-1927 J. Ferree Cranford, Republican 

1927-1928 J.A. Brady, Republican 

1928-1930 William B. MiUikan, Republican 

1930-1942 Carl E. King, Democrat 

1942-1946 Micajah Bingham, Republican 

1946-1950 Benjamin Morgan, Democrat 

1950-1954 Coble M. Maness, Republican 

1954-1962 Wayne W. Wilson, Democrat 

1962-1974 Lloyd E. Brown, Republican 

1974-1978 Carl O. Moore, Democrat 

1978- Robert Mason, Republican 


William MiUikan 
John Clark 
John Long 
Robert Murdock 
Jesse Larrencc 
Elizabeth A. Lawrence 
James C. Skeen 
Elizabeth A. Lawrence 
Thomas M. Moore 
W.R. Ashworth 
William J. Page 
R.W. Frazier 
W.J. Teague 
W.F. Craven 
J.W. Bean 
J.W. Birkhead 
J.T. Winslow 
J. P. Boroughs 
Geo. T. Murdock 
C.L. Amick 
T.C. Frazier 
John F. White 
Lee M. Kearns 
Ralph O. Smith 
E.A. Routh 
S.C. Frazier 
E.A. Routh 
John R. Bulla 
R.C. Johnson 
lula Lowdermilk 
Alese M. Ward 
Annie C. Shaw 






1862-1865 (resigned) 

elected Feb. 1865 

reelected July 1865 












1916-1920 (Sept.) 

1920-1920 (Sept.-Dec.) 






1930-1931 (resigned) 


1932-1939 (Died in Office) 






B.A. Sellers 
A.H. Kendall 
Samuel Walker 
A.H. KendaU 
A.G. Homey 
J.E. Walker 
Dr. A.C. Bulla 
Dr. Samuel A. Henly 
Dr. A.C. Bulla 
J.E. Walker 
Allen J. Tomlinson 
C.J. Cox 
T.J. Finch 
H.T. Caveness 
A.N. Bulla 
J.W. Cox 
H.T. Caveness 
J.A. Withers 
W.F. Foushee 
W.J. Scarboro 
Clarence Parks 
Wiley L. Ward 
O.C. Marsh 
Joseph T. Weaver 
John F. White 
G. Elwood Stanton 
E.C. Watkins 
W.L. Ward 
E.C. Williamson 
M.E. Johnson 
W. Clyde Lucas 
A.B. Beasley 
J.C. Hammond 



G. Russell Hodgin 


S.G. Richardson 


Ira L. McDowell 


W.R. Farlow 


J. Logan White 


Frank Auman, Jr. 


J. Logan White 


Richard K. Pugh 




Richard K. Pugh, Chairman 
Thurman Hogan 
Richard Petty 
Kenyon Davidson 
Matilda Phillips 







1885? -1891 












Jonathan Worth 
(records not available) 
J.T. Crocker 
J.R. Frazier 
W.N. Elder 
J.T. Crocker 
Wm. C. Hammer 
N.C. English 
Wm. C. Hammer 
J.M. Way 
E.J. Coltrane 
S.T. Lassiter 
T. Fletcher Bulla 
Robert C. White 
Wm. J. Boger, Jr. 
Lacy M. Presnell, Jr. 
John Lawrence 



O.V. Woosley 
George W. Bradshaw 
C.E. Teague 
C.R. Wharton 
E.C. Byerly 
B.F. Hassell 
D.W. Maddox 
W.H. McMahan 
R.J. Hilker 
Reginald Turner 
Frank McLeod 
Guy B. Teachey 
Lee C. Phoenix 



Dr. George H. Sumner 


Dr. H.C. Whims 


Lucille Jenkins, Acting 



Dr. J.T. Barnes, Interim 

Health Director 


Dr. Hugh Fitzpatrick, 

Interim Health Director 


George Elliott, Acting 



George Elliott, Health 


Dr. Hugh Fitzpatrick serves as Medical Consultant; other local 
physicians assist with clinics and may be called on for assistance in 
special cases. 

David S. Coltrane 
Ewing S. Millsaps 
Benjamin P. Jenkins, Jr. 



La Una Brashears 
Delia Stroupe 
Anne Burgess 
Martha B. Thompson 
Maxine Templeton 
Mary Harris 
Bettye Taylor 
Ennie H. Potts Liggins 
Rose Badgett 
Sarah Durante 
Drue W. Trotter 
Lynne R. Quails 














SINCE 1962 

Benjamin P. Jenkins, Jr. 
Lynne R. Quails, Acting Chm. 
Talmadge S. Baker 




T. Fletcher Bulla 

(Supt. of County Schools) 


Robert T. Lloyd 


Lillie Bulla 


W.F. Henderson 


James E. Burgess 


Marion S. Smith 



Ruby Byrd Campbell 
Marguerite Gramling 
Charlesanna L. Fox 
Nancy F. Brenner 


Thomas M. Moore 
J.T. Crocker 
E.B. Kearns 
J.T. Brittain 
W.J. Gregson 
Elijah Moffitt 
H.M. Robins 
Hal M. Worth 
J. A. Spence 
C.C. Cranford 
D.B. McCrary 
J. A. Spence 
J.D. Ross 
Arthur Ross 
J. A. York 
D.B. McCrary 
C.C. Cranford 
EX. Moffitt 
C.C. Cranford 
W.A. Bunch 
Dr. O.L. Presnell 
W.C. Lucas 
J. Frank McCrary 
James R. York 
R.L. Donnell 
John C. Bunch 
R.L. Reese 


( resigned) 


(died in Office) 




(Bush Hill, 1874-1887) 


Winship M. Wilson 


A.J. Tomlinson 


W.T. Parker 


Winship M. Wilson 


Horace S. Ragan, Sr. 


Henry J. York 


Lloyd H. Taylor 



Robert D. Garrison 


J.M. Tippett 


W.J. Moffitt 


Clarence Parks 


R.C. Curtis 


E.C. Routh 


W.P. Ward 


E.C. Routh 


B.C. Jones 


J. A. Wallace 


L.T. Cox 


J.A. Wallace 


E.C. Routh 


W. Don Andrews 


James M. Vaughn, Jr 



Henry Lilly Brower 


Lewis Henry Smith 


Wesley B. Owen, Sr. 


Roy C. Reitzel 

1916- ? 

Samuel J. Buckner 


John Eugene Stroud 


W.F. Ashburn 


Roy C. Reitzel 


J.T. Underwood 


James T. Martin 


Cyrus Shoffner 


I. Garrett Martin 


Daniel C. Holt 


Barney J. Gregson 


Thomas A. Johnson, Sr. 


Dr. R.D. Patterson 


Troy Smith 


Wilbur B. Stanley 


Paul Henry Smith 


Dr. Joseph B. Griffith, Jr 



J.W. Calder 
H.B. Carter 
Y.M.C. Johnson 
J.M. Whitehead 
E.J. Steed 
I.F. Craven 
H.B. Moore 
W.R. Craven 
John Roe Steele 
Dr. Numa F. Marsh 
John Roe Steele 
J.M. McAlister 
J.A. Craven 
E.A. Riehm 
A.W. Craven, Sr. 
Dr. M.C. Smith 
R.G. Henley 
Fred A. Thomas 
Bill Wright 
June L. Beane 



John H. Ferree 
Thomas C. Worth 
T.W. Ingold 
D.J. Gaster 
J.H. Wilson 
J.E. Walker 
Thad Troy 
F.N. Ingold 
J.W. Parsons 
E.P. Hayes 
Arch N. Bulla 
Wiley F. Talley 
T.O. Bowden 
E.E. MendenhaU 
James Daniels 
O.C. Marsh 
W.T. Bryant 
Frank Talley 
A.B. Beasley 
C.W. Milliard 
Arch Bulla 
Phil Upton 
James H. Lineberry 
Phil Upton 
John Rice 
Phil Upton 
John Pugh 
Phil Upton 
Pat Martin 
J.I. Memory 
Grier Newlin 
A.R. Russell, Jr. 
Paul Bell 
W.I. Gibson 
J.C. Dawkins 
Ralph Trogdon 
J.C. Dawkins 
















D.A. Cornelison 
J.R. Comer 
Jessie Page 
J.L. Page 
O.D. Lawrence 
Boyd King 
Wade Harris 
W.W. Thomas 
A.L. Ashburn, Jr. 
Ray Hogan 
Bobby Voncannon 
Charles Richardson 
Michael Walker 
Vera Richardson 



T.B. Barker 

J.E. Cox 


CM. Staley 


M.R. Cox, Sr. 


John W. Staley 


A.P. Hill 

Stanley E. Deaton 

William Ira Shaw 

R.T. Scotton 


Jake F. Scotton 


Tommy Williams 





Malcom Shaw 


Dr. J.L. Craven 


J.D. Brame 


Bruce Craven 


W.C. Massey 


1897 Hal M. Worth 

1912 J.L. Wrenn 



J. Harold Holmes 
W. Frank Boling 



David B. Leonard 
W. Franklin Willis 





Dalton Fulcher, Manager 
Thomas J. Mcintosh, 

Mary Lou Fox, Clerk 
Emajon Jones, Secy.-Treas. 
Frank Kime, Manager 
Freida C. Waisner, Clerk 
W. Phil Pendry, Manager 
Nancy S. Reeder, Clerk 


1860 Census 

Benj. Redding 
Sml. A. Henly 
Chesterfield Bulla 
B.W. Brookshire 
Wm. B. Lane 
Thos. L. Winslow 
M.M. Troy 
J.J. Bruton 
Alson Fuller 
Dr. Wm. Virdin 
Geo. Murdock 
Stephen Moffitt 
John N. Newlin 
William Conner 
Susannah H. Vicay 
David Stanton 
Thomas Black 
John H. Palmer 
John M. Jourdan 
J.W. Long 
Benj. A. Sellers 
Michael L. Fox 
Henry B. Marley 
Charles W. Woolen 
Wm. A. Woolen 
M.M. Hay worth 
Thomas C. Lutterlough 

(Student) 21 

(Student) 22 

(Student) 24 












(Midwife) 69 

(Dentist) 22 


(Student) 22 

(Dentist) 34 






(Student) 22 


(Student) 21 

Samuel A. Henly 
Tyson T. Ferree 
Robert Skeen 
William J. Moore 
Alfred W. Bulla 
Thomas W. Lowe * 
Charles S. Tate 
Lewis Michael Fox 
H.C. Lewis 
Alexander Redding 
Thomas Fox 
James T. Rieves 
Armstead J. Patterson 
Res D. Patterson 
William J. Staley * 
S.W. Staley 
William Stout 
S.W. Caddell 
Robert Caviness 
Alfred Caviness 
Dennis Fox 
William A. Fox 
Charles C. Hubbard 
William I. Sumner 
Jesse O. Walker 
William A. Woollen 
Dennis Johnson 
Allen Fuller 
Charley H. Phillips 
Thomas L. Winslow 
Jefferson L. Bulla 
John M. Tomlinson 
John L. Plunkett 
Walter K. Hartsell * 
* = Dentist 





Back Creek 

Cedar Grove 











Pleasant Grove 

Pleasant Grove 

Pleasant Grove 

Pleasant Grove 















Notes: Dr. Jeff Bulla died in 1965 at the age of 102 after practicing 77 
years; Dr. M.L. Fox and his four physician sons are buried at 
Melanchthon Church Cemetery; Dr. C.C. Hubbard and his 
family became an institution in the Farmer area; Dr. William 
Stout grew and collected his own herbs for his medicines; Dr. 
Robert L. Caviness was not only a doctor but a business 
leader in his community and beyond. 


Milo O. Hammond 
Marmaduke S. Robins 
Oscar Sapp 
Wm. C. Hammer 
John T. Brill ain 
Elijah Moffitt 
Joseph A. Blair 
Wiley Rush 
Arley M. Moore 
Walter J. Gregson 












George W. Hilliard 
Arthur Leach 
Malthus H. York 
Team Henderson 
Robert E. Patterson 
Claud G. Pepper 
James E. Foster 
William P. Bostick 
Thomas Moffitt 
Charlie B. Smith (Asst.) 
Theodore S. Sexton 
Geo. Steadman 
Thadden Fraley 















Randolph County 

State Auditor's Report for 1893 

R. R. Ross, Sheriff 



471,399 acres of land 
747 town lots 
3,187 horses 
2,682 mules 

22 jacks and jennies 
76 goats 
11,267 cattle 
16,107 hogs 
11,736 sheep 
Value of farming utensils, etc. 
Money on hand or on deposit 
Solvent credits 

Stock in incorporated companies 
Other personal property 
Total valuation 
$4,655 net income and profits 

Merchants or other dealers 

Marriage licenses 
Double taxes 

Total general taxes 


$ 2,176,732 














$ 3,699,212 


$ 4,788.81 




















$ 8,871.09 


Polls, $1,233.07; property, $372.60 

3,328 white polls 

398 colored polls 
Bank stock 
Railroad property 
General property - 
6 dogs 

Total school taxes 



white, $7,304.08; colored, $94.34 

$ 1,605.67 


$ 5,241.60 








County purposes 

Total county taxes 

From the Annual Report of the Auditor of the State of North Carolina for the Fiscal Year ending November 30, 1894. 

$ 9,759.88 
$ 9,759.88 


Southern (HP, R and A): 

Conductors: Captains A.M. Rankin, A.E. Burns, and Augustus 

Brakemen or Flagmen: Millard Allred, Bob Allred, Carl Griffin, 

Cone Ridge 
Section Foreman: William Vance Smith 
Engineer: J.M. Stedman 

Cape Fear and Yadkin Valley: 

Conductors: Captains Overcash, E.W. Fruit and W. Dennis Lane 
Engineers: Jesse Copeland and Numa Reynolds 

Norfolk Southern: 

Conductor: E.H. Lewis 

Engineers: Tweet Hunter and Jack Williams 

Line Foreman: Dave Guest 

Station master, 1918-1934, Seagrove — Ollie Parks 


Superior Court: Hal Hammer Walker, 1961-1965; 1975- 
District Court: Lawrence T. Hammond, Jr., 1970- 
WiUiam H. Heafner, 1979- 


Asheboro: Joyland (1913), Capitol, Carolina, Sunset, 

West 49 Drive-In, North Asheboro Drive-in, 
Cinema II, Flick; 

Franklinville: Community House — non-commercial (1924); 

Liberty: Curtis (1929); 

Ramseur: Royal (1936), Deep River Drive-In; 

Randleman: Playhouse (1914), Fox. 

Note: In December 1979 there are only three movie theaters open. 

The Curtis Theater has been in continuous operation since 1929. The 

North 220 Drive-In and Cinema II are open. 




Cumby Mortuary 
Pugh Funeral Home 
Ridge Funeral Service 
Bennett & Associates Mortuary 
Gailes Funeral Home 
Loflin Funeral Home 
Loflin Funeral Home 
Joyce-Brady Funeral Home 
Pugh Funeral Home 



J. Bryan Grimes, Secretary of State 

Raleigh, Nov. 25, 1913 

Sheriff of Randolph County, (Sheriff J. Watt Birkhead) 
Asheboro, N.C. 

Dear Sir: 

I am sending you herewith a list of the persons who have registered automobiles in your county. 

By reference to the enclosed law , you will see that it is your duty to enforce this law . Please have all owners carry proper display numbers as provided by 
law and see that the description given in the license corresponds with the machine driven. Licenses are void in the hands of any person other than the one to 
whom issued and for any other machine than the one described in the license. LICENSES CANNOT BE TRANSFERRED FROM ONE PERSON TO 

If at any time I can be of assistance to you in enforcing this law, I hope you will call on me. 

J. Bryan Grimes 
Secretary of State 

(Sent to Sheriff J. Watt Birkhead — 1913) 


Allen, VV.H. 




Andrews, M.V. 




Armfield, W.J., Jr. 




Asbury, F.E. 




Asheboro Motor 
Car Co. 




Asheboro Motor 
Car Co. 




Auman, Frank 




Auman, M.C. 




Barker, L.R. 




Bird, L.E. 




Boggs, Saml. 




Bowman, J.H. 




Bradshaw, Geo. W. 




Burgess, Dr. R.R. 




Burns, A.E. 




Caddell, S.VV. 




Coggin, Jas. 




Copple, Robt. P. 




Cox, Clarkson J. 




Cornelison, D.A. 




Cranford, C.C. 




Cranford, C.L. 




Deal, R.P. 




Deviney, J.S. 




Elkins, R.L. 




Ellison, A.M. 




Finch, T.J. 




Foster, Dr. G.A. 




Fox, C.P. 




Fuller, A.W. 




Garner, W.C. 




Hayworth, C.A. 




Hayworth, S.L. 




Hughes, W.H. 




Jackson, Dr. W.L. 




Johnson, Dr. D.J. 




Johnson, H.C. 




Johnson, Jas. H. 




King, L.A. 




Lane, Chas. L. 




Laughlin, Seth W. 




Lockhart, Dr. D.K. 




Lowdermilk, A.F. 




Luther, Henry 




McCrary, D.B. 




McDowell, B.F. 




McMillan, J. A. 




McPherson, J.H. 




Macon, John T. 




Miller, W.J. 




Moon, C.F. 




Moore, Dr. W.J. 




Morris, E.G. 




Murdock, Geo. T. 




Murray, H.B. 




Myers, Dr. R.W. 




O'Briant, J.B. 




Parks, H.C. 




Parks, Hugh 




Parks, Hugh 




Patterson, R.D. 




Phillips, Dr. C.H. 




Pickard Bros. 




Pickett, Mrs. A.S. 




Penn, J.T. 




Presnell, J. A. 




Redding, T.H. 




Rich, A.W. 




Rich, Elmer 




Richardson, U.C. 




Reddick, L.E. 




Ross, Arthur 




Ross, J.D. 
& F.E. Byrd 




Russel, G.C. 




Routh, E.A. 




Ruth, O.L. 




Shepard, F.A. 




Shoffner, W.R. 




Skeen, J.R. 




Smith, C.P. Jr. 




Southern Crown 
Milling Co. 




Spence, J. A. 




Spoon, E.P. 




Staley, A.E. 




Sumner, W.I. 




Teague, W.B. 




Teague, W.J. 




Thomas, A.H. 




Trogdon, A.B. 




Ward, W.L. 




Watkins, E.C. 




Watkins, W.H. Jr. 




Whitaker, Dr. A.C. 




White, Lewis 




Williamson, J.E. 




Wimpy, Miss Ida 




Wrightsel, G.W. 




York, J.B. 




Yow, J.W. 

High Point Rt #3 




1915-1918 Miller Hospital 

150 North Fayetteville Street, Asheboro; Dr. J.F. Miller and wife, plus three or four nurses; private home; nurses training; 

Mary Scotton was cook and nurse; after Dr. Miller left for the Army in World War I, Mrs. Miller died in the flu epidemic. 

Mrs. Scotton, a practical nurse, served for many years in Asheboro as a nurse and midwife, living to be 94 years of age. 
1911-1915 Ferree Memorial Hospital 

Randleman; in former John H. Ferree home; Dr. Charles E. Wilkerson and Mrs. Wilkerson; nurses training offered. 
1919-1926 Wilkerson Hospital 

Near Sophia on Highway 311; Dr. and Mrs. Charles E. Wilkerson returned from African mission; installed Delco power 

system and running water; 15 beds; the Wilkersons moved to Greensboro but continued to come back to Randleman from time 

to time to confer with patients. 
1919-1931 Memorial Hospital 

700 Sunset Avenue, Asheboro; Dr. C.A. Hayworth and Dr. Ray W. Hayworth opened hospital, but Dr. R.W. left soon for Navy 

duty; by 1923 Dr. W.L. Lambert and Dr. George H. Sumner joined staff; located in old Fisher Estate home; addition increased 

hospital to 50 beds; closed in 1931 because of Dr. Hayworth's health; home burned in 1934. 
1932- Randolph Hospital 

Private corporation, chartered in 1931; Duke Endowment matched funds raised locally; opened in 1932; 1963 expansion; 

Emergency and Outpatient facility added in 1975 through contributions — named in honor of Charles W. McCrary, Chairman 

from 1946; D.B. McCrary, Chairman, 1931-1946; G.W. Joyner first resident physician and chief surgeon until his retirement 

in 1978; administrator since 1960, John W. Ellis; hospital has 165 beds and 23 bassinets. 
1938-1962 Barnes-Griffin Clinic 

215 South Fayetteville Street; Drs. Dempsey Barnes and H.L. Griffin; after Dr. Barnes' death, named the Griffin Clinic, with 

Dr. Thornton Cleek, Dr. Hugh Fitzpatrick, Dr. B. Francis Barham and Dr. Robert Wilhoit also on staff; 36 beds; closed a few 

years after Dr. Griffin's death. 


1. Bank of Randolph, 1897-1963 

Wachovia Bank and Trust Company, 1963- 

2. Bank of Randleman, 1900-1910 

Peoples Bank, 1910-1954 
Scottish Bank, 1954-1963 
First Union National Bank, 1963- 

3. Bank of Liberty, 1903-1931 

Page Trust Company, 1931-1933 (unable to reopen after Bank Holiday) 

4. Chatham Bank, 1934-1961 

First Union National Bank, 1961- 

5. First National Bank, Asheboro, 1907- 

6. Bank of Ramseur. 1907-1931 

Page Trust Company, 1931-1933 (Unable to reopen after Bank Holiday) 

7. Bank of Coleridge, 1919-1973 

(moved to Ramseur 1934) 

First Citizens Bank and Trust Company, 1973- 

8. Bank of Seagrove, 1920-1934 (Voted to close) 

9. Bank of FranklinviUe, 1920-1926 (Voted to close) 

10. Asheboro Bank and Trust Company, 1921-1934 (Unable to reopen after Bank Holiday) 

11. Planters National Bank and Trust Company, Asheboro Branch, 1969- 

12. Fidelity Bank, Liberty Branch, 1972- 

13. Scottish Bank, Archdale, 1959-1962 

First Union National Bank, 1962- 

14. Wachovia Bank and Trust Company, Archdale Branch, 1973- 

15. Central Carolina Bank and Trust Company, Asheboro Branch, 1973- 

16. Carolina Bank, Ramseur Branch, 1974- 

17. Randolph Bank and Trust Company, 1977- 


1. Peoples Savings and Loan Association, 1904- (First Peoples since 1973) 

2. Randleman Savings and Loan Association, 1905- 

3. Randolph Savings and Loan Association, 1917- 

4. Ramseur Savings and Loan Association, 1937-1964 (Merged with Peoples in 1964) 

5. Libert) Savings and Loan Association, 1947- 



Cedar Falls: 

Central Falls: 






Worth vi lie: 


Weaver Lumber Company; 

Tie-Rite Tie Company, Cranford Furniture Company, National Chair Company, P. and P. Chair Company, J.D. 
Ross and Company (wood products), Stedman Manufacturing Company (handkerchiefs), Wright Furniture Com- 
pany, Old Dominion Box Company, General Lumber Company, Home Building, Inc., Elmer Rich Brick Company, 
Acme Hosiery Mills, Asheboro Hosiery Mills, Bossong Hosiery Mills, McCrary Hosiery Mills, McLaurin Hosiery 
Mills, Tip-Top Hosiery Mills, Hinshaw Hosiery Mills, Cetwick Silk Mills, Standard Tytape Company, United 
Printed String Company, Southern Crown Milling Company, Buttercup Ice Cream Company, Central Machine 
Works, L. & L. Machine Works, Asheboro Coca-Cola Bottling Company, Randolph Bottling Company (Cheer- 

Jordan Spinning Company, Sapona Cotton Mills; 

Burlington Mills Corporation, Central Falls Manufacturing Company; 
Enterprise Manufacturing Company, Coleridge Manufacturing Company (wood); 
Randolph Mills, Wilson Textile Mill Roller Covering; 
Glenola Brick Company; 

Liberty Milling Company, B.G. Gregson, Inc., Liberty Chair Company, Dameron Veneer Company, Inc., Liberty 
Veneer Company, Dependable Hosiery Mills, Inc., Liberty Broom Works, Staley Lumber Company; 
Richland Roller Mills; 

Ramseur Milling Company, Ramseur Furniture Company, Columbia Manufacturing Company, Ramseur Hosiery 
Mills, Ramseur Broom Works; 

Randolph Underwear Company, Randtex Mills, Commonwealth Hosiery Mills; 
Frank Annum Lumber Company; 
Sophia Milling Company; 

Gregson and Perry (household wood furniture), Staley Hosiery Mills; 
Leward Cotton Mills. 

From: Industrial Directory and Reference Book of the State of North Carolina. N.C. State Dept. of Conserva- 
tion and Development and State Dept. of Labor, assisted by the Works Progress Administration, 1938. 


BANK OF RANDOLPH, Asheboro — 1897 

Dr. J.M. Worth 
O.R. Cox 
D.B. McCrary 
W.J. Armfield, Jr. 
Robert L. Donnell 
Merged with WACHOVIA BANK & TRUST — 1963 


Stanhope Bryant 
Merged with PEOPLES BANK — 1910 

William H. Pickard 

T.F. Wrenn 

R.P. Deal 

A.B. Beasley 
Merged with SCOTTISH BANK — 1954 


Elementary Schools: 





Grays Chapel 


New Market 












Middle Schools: 



Junior High Schools: 



Grays Chapel 





North Asheboro 

Senior High Schools: 


Eastern Randolph 




COUNTY — 1907 

John Stanback Lewis 
John M. Neely 
James B. Neely 
Claude Henson 
James M. Culberson, Jr. 


Dr. C.A. Hayworth 
Dr. Robert L. Caviness 
Garland W. Allen 
Merged with FIRST CITIZENS BANK & TRUST — 1973 


Louis W. Armstrong 





Cedar Grove 



Central Falls 
Lions Club purchased old Central Falls 
School for community building 




Randolph Mills Old company store; 


Moore Chapel Building (remodeled by 


Randolph Mills) 





Level Cross 



New Market 






Worth ville 
Old school building 







954,000 bushels 


192,000 bushels 


86,500 bushels 


177,000 bushels 


198,000 bushels 


11,700 tons 


4,526,000 pounds 







Income for 1976-77: 


$ 44,615,000 Total 


$ 44,010,000 





Farmer (683) 
Seagrove (816) 
Trinity (794) 
Eastern Randolph 
New Market (1208) 

January 1, 1931 
September 8, 1932 
October 1, 1932 
September 8, 1943 
May 1, 1947 
April 18, 1958 
(merged with 

POTTERS — 1979 

Seagrove Pottery, Seagrove 

Walter S. & Dorothy Auman 
Coles' Pottery, Seagrove 

Nell Cole Graves 

Waymon Cole 

Virginia Shelton 
Joe Owen Pottery, Seagrove 

Joe Owen 
M.L. Owen Pottery, Seagrove 

M.L. Owen 

Boyd Owen 
Jugtown Pottery, Seagrove 

Nancy Sweezy 




1. Burlington Industries 

2. Central Telephone Company 

3. Carolina Power and Light Company 

4. General Electric Company 

5. Stuart Furniture Industries 

6. Duke Power Company 

7. Stedman Corporation 

8. Acme-McCrary Corporation 

9. B.B. Walker Company 

10. Texfi Industries 

11. Union Carbide Corporation 

12. Sapona Manufacturing Company 

13. Liberty Furniture Company 

14. Thayer-Coggins, Inc. 

Corporations, including these, pay nearly fifty per cent 
of the annual property tax in the county. 

1911-1921 Amos R. Winningham 

1921-1928 James B. Neely 

1928-1951 Amos R. Winningham 

1951-1951 Betty T. Sheets 

1951-1952 Thomas A. Scarborough 

1952- Charles F. Hughes 



Walter E. Yow 


Kent Matthewson 


E.C. Brandon, Jr. 


Clifford Pace 


John J. Gray 


Thomas J. Mcintosh 


1918-1928 C.W. Steed 

1928-1931 R.A. Gaddis 

1931-1933 C.W. Steed 

1933-1942 Dewey C. Bulla 

1942-1946 Pearlie F. Miller 

1946-1963 Clarence J. Lovett 

1963- Joseph D. Bulla 




Liberty News 
Randolph Guide 
Archdale-Trinity News 










David Arnold 

Larry Austin 

J.J. Croft 

Alvis O. George, Jr. 

J. Hyatt Hammond 

Robert W. Hedrick 

Dean Spinks 


J.H. Alien, Inc. 

Pritchard Construction Company 
Trogdon, S.E., and Sons, Inc. 
Wood, C.H., Inc. 


Asheboro: Robert Franklin Bulla, Jr., James Thomas Coble, Robert 
Lynn Fox, Jr., Mickey William Hill, Charles Thomas 
Parker, Ronald Gale Trogdon, Billy Louis Underwood; 

Liberty: William Prather York; 

Randleman: Olin Jennes Leonard, Scottie Shelven Massey; 

Seagrove: Clarence F. Brown, Jr., Billy Ray Hussey; 

Trinity: Terry Cleveland Smith. 



3d Battalion, 120th Infantry 

Regiment, 30th Division, A.E.F. 


Ben F. Dixon, Captain* 
Everett J. Luck, 1st Lt. 
Hal W. Walker, 2nd Lt. 

Allen, Arthur J. 
AUred, J. Rankin 
Auman, Jonah O. 
Auman, Cotoy 
Amick, James F. 
Auman, James G. 
Auman, Reggie 

Bell, Coy B. 
Betts, James A. 
Birkhead, Milton Harris 
Brewer, Stephen G. 
Brown, George C. 
Brown, Jacob C. 
Brown, Wilbur M. 
BuUa, Alfred B. 
Bulla, Dewey C. 
Bunting, Ernest E. 
Bunting, Colon M. 
Burns, Joseph C. 
Burroughs, Jesse 
Burrow, Washington Irving 

Cagle, Lloyd E. 
Cagle, William A. 
Caviness, Zimri F. 
Chisholm, William Eugene 
Coble, Crawford 
Coltrane, Daniel G. 
Cox, Charles E. 
Cox, Robert D. 
Cox, Roy 
Cranford, Van 
Craven, Walter C. 

Davis, John D. 
Davis, Russel B. 
Davis, Walter J. 

Ellison, James E. 

Forkner, Rommie R. 
Forrester, William O.* 
Foster, Delbert P.* 

Garner, Alvah E. 
Garner, William C. 
Gatlin, Ben L.* 
Gibson, Robert P. 
Giles, George D. 
Gray, Walter 
Green, Willie 
Grimes, Charles B. 

Hall, Henry J. 
Hancock, Cleveland 
Hamilton, Henry S. 
Hannah, Reid 
Hardin, Earl I. 
Hedgepeth, Ivey 
Hicks, Harrison 
Hill, Carl 

Hinshaw, James H. 
Hill, Willie T. 
Hogan, Gurney 
Hoover, Richard 

Ivey, Richard 

Johnson, June C. 
Johnson, Lester C. 
Jordan, Harvey W. 

Kimery, Lester E. 
King, Emmitt P. 
Kirkman, Kirby N. 
Kivett, Carl M. 
Kivett, George C. 
Kivett, Henry C. 

Lackey, John R. 
Lamb, Cyrus W. 
Lambert, June D. 
Lambert, Eugene 
Langley, Dallas R. 
Laughlin, Charles 
Linthicum, William E. 
Lloyd, Robert T. 
Lomax, Hayes 
Love, Stephen A. 
Lovett, Clarence J. 
Loy, Robert E. 

McDaniel, John W. 
McDowell, Thomas J.* 
Miller, Chester 
Monroe, Graham D. 
Morton, Reuben B. 
Mullinix, David P. 
Morton, Lindsay J. 

Parks, June C. 
Pugh, James P.R. 

Reid, George E. 
Reynolds, DeWitt 
Richardson, Hal E.* 
Ritch, Sanford E. 
Ritch, Ivey O. 
Roberson, Odell F. 
Roberson, William E. 
Roberts, Claude 
Rouse, William H. 
Routh, Rufus F. 
Routh, Walter L. 
Rush, Lewis O. 
Rush, Zeb H. 
Russell, Rupert R. 

Shaw, Jesse L. 
Skipper, Thomas L. 
Slack, Edison 
Smith, John A. 
Smith, Ross 
Snider, John E. 
Spencer, Stanley L. 
Staley, James W. 
Steed, Frank M. 
Stout, Earl 
Stutts, Jesse L. 
Suggs, Gorrel S. 
Suggs, Robert S. 

Taylor, Leslie G. 
Trogdon, Cicero S. 
Trogdon, David W. 
Trogdon, Robert F. 

Tucker, John W. 
Tysinger, Roby 

Walker, James O. 
Whitehead, George L. 
Williams, Henry N. 
Wilmer, Joseph D. 
Winslow, Arch C. 

York, Brewer B. 
Young, James 

Staley, Harris M. 

* Killed in action 


Allen, William F. 
Andrews, Robert E. 
Ashworth, Archie H. 
Auman, Max C. 
Auman, Thomas 
Barker, Ray W. 
Barrett, J.B. 
Bean, Leslie Elmer 
Black, James W. 
Boone, William G. 
Bouldin, Willie H. 
Brower, Daniel B. 
Brown, Joseph L. 
Bunch, Walter A., Jr. 
Cheek, Esther 
Cline, David H. 
Coble, Walter 
Copple, Julius Worth 
Coward, Herbert L. 
Cox, Homer L. 
Creel, John E. 
Crowell, James D. 
Deaton, Lynwood Norman 
DeMarcus, Louis D. 
Dennis, Neal W. 
Dixon, Thomas H. 
Duke, Millard Leon 
Dula, William J. 
Edmonds, Hezekiah B. 
Ferree, Charles T. 
Grimes, William A. 
Gunter, Lawrence W. 
Hackett, John 
Harris, Whitmon 
Hemphill. Harvey L. 
Hill, Virgil F. 
Holmes, Carl R. 
Hoover, Arthur L. 
Hunt, Roy C. 
Jarrell, Calvin S. 
Jarrett, George R. 
Jarrett, Samuel P. 
Jones, Howard R. 
Jones, Lonnie M, 
Kime, John F. 
Kimrey, Boyd R. 
King, James L. 
Kirkman, Richard W. 
Langley, Truman W. 
Lanier, Jesse C. 
Lassiter, Clifford G. 
Laughlin, Clarence H. 
Luck, Dalton W. 
Marion, Caleb D. 
Marsh, Thomas G. 
McClintock, Bynum W. 
McElhannon, Alfred I). 
McGlohon, Robert A. 

McKinney, Samuel 

McRae, Clarence R. 

Moorefield, James E. Jr. 

Morgan, Carrol A. 

Nance, Ernest O. 

Newton, Robert H. 

Norris, Althon B. 

O'Briant, Winfred C. 

Offman, David William 

Pearce, Hal J. 

Pierce, Edgar L. 

Potts, Jefferson D. 

Rayie, Thomas Guy 

Reeder, Dewey H. 

Rierson, Thomas Jefferson, Jr. 

Rich, Bruce L. 

Richardson, John B. 

Ritch, Lewis C. 

Rivers, William T. 

Russell, Dalton D. 

Salmond, John W. 

Sechrest, Samuel W. 

Smith, Billie J. 

Smith, Ernest C. 

Smith, Jesse L. 

Staley, O.K. 

Staley, Walter D. 

Strickland, W.H. 

Summey, Clarence T. 

Thompson, Worth L. 

Tucker, Kester Lee 

Varner, Albert 

Vaughn, George C. 

Walden, Haywood G. 

Walker, Clifford H. 

Walker, Hubert G. 

Walsh, David Samuel 

Walton, Harold M. 

White, Guy E. 

White, Wallace H. 

Wood, Charles V. 

Williamson, Carl R. 

York, James E. 

Bowman, Sam N. 

Brown, Leonard A. 

Buie, William M. 

Butler, Isam 

Byrd, HartweU L. 

Cagle, Robert E. 

Coward, Billy Swaim 

Cox, Fields C. 

Cox, Emmett Grover 

Doss, Phillip 

Greeson, John V. 

Hudson, Willie Edward 

Jarrell, Colon Y. 

Kennedy, Sylvester V. 

McArthur, E.K., Jr. 

Odom, Carlie B. 

Odom, John C. 

Plummer, Maurice N. 

Presnell, Mildred Coleen 

Pugh, Glenn Fox 

Pilkenton, Colon A. 

Redding, Caleb R. 

Richardson, Carl R. 

Russell. Wiley Paul 

Stafford, Claude R. 

Smith. William M. 

Summer, Carl E. 

Summers, Jesse S. 

Voncannon, Junior 

Wicker, Henry F. 

Williams, J.D. 

York, John E. 



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London and Abingdon Press, Nashville, n.d. Quotations used by permission of the Abingdon Press. 
Ashe, Samuel A'Court. History of North Carolina. Van Noppen, 1925, 1908. 

Blum, Johann Christian. Farmer's and Planter's Almanacs, 1844, 1848, 1876. Salem, 1844, 1848, 1876. Quotations used by permission of the publisher. 
Branson, Levi. Branson's Agricultural Almanac .... 1897. Levi Branson, Publisher, 1897. 

Branson, Levi. Branson's North Carolina Business Directory, 1867-1868, 1869, 1872, 1877-1878, 1884, 1890. L. Branson, Publisher. 
Brawley, James S. Rowan Story, 1753-1953. Rowan Printing Company, 1953. 

Carroll, J. Elwood. History of the North Carolina Annual Conference of the Methodist Protestant Church. McCulloch and Swain, Printers, 1939. 
Caruthers, EU. Revolutionary Incidents: and Sketches of Character, Chiefly in the "Old North State." 1854. 
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Clark, Elmer T. Methodism in Western North Carolina. Historical Society of the Western North Carolina Conference, The Methodist Church, 1966. 
Classis of North Carolina. Historic Sketch of the Reformed Church in North Carolina. Publication Board of the Reformed Church in the United States, 

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May 13-15, 1976, at Bethany Theological Seminary. Printed in Brethren Life and Thought, XXII, Winter 1977. 
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Dowd, Jerome. Sketches of Prominent Living North Carolinians. Edwards and Broughton, 1888. 
Fanning, David. Narrative of Colonel David Fanning. Reprint Company, 1973. 

Fitch, William Edwards. Some Neglected History of North Carolina. Neale Publishing Company, 1905. 
Foote, William Henry. Sketches of North Carolina. Robert Carter, 1846. 

Franklin, John Hope. The Free Negro in North Carolina, 1790-1860. W.W. Norton and Company, 1943. 
Grant, Daniel Lindsey. Alumni History of the University of North Carolina, 1795-1924. Christian and King, 1924. 
Hamilton, J.G. deRoulhac. Reconstruction in North Carolina. Columbia University Press, 1914. (Reprinted 1964 by Peter Smith) 
Hinshaw, Seth B., ed. Carolina Quakers, Our Heritage, Our Hope. Tercentenary 1672-1972. North Carolina Yearly Meeting, 1972. 
Jackson, George Pullen, ed. Another Sheaf of White Spirituals. University of Florida press, 1952. 
Jackson, George Pullen, ed. Spiritual Folk-songs of Early America. Dover, 1937, 1964. 
Knight, Edgar W. Notes on Education, pam. 1927. 

Lazenby, Mary Elinor. Herman Husband. Old Neighborhood Press, 1940. 
Lederer, John The discoveries of John Lederer . . . ed. with notes by William P. Cumming. University of Virginia Press and the Wachovia Historical 

Society, 1958. 
McLean, Hulda Hoover. Genealogy of the Herbert Hoover Family. Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace, Stanford University, 1967. (With 

errata and addenda, 1976) 
Morgan, Jacob L., ed. History of the Lutheran Church in North Carolina. Lutheran Synod 1953. 
Murphy, Elmer A. The Thirtieth Division in the World War. Old Hickory, 1936. 
National Guard of the State of North Carolina. Historical Annual, 1938. 

Nicholson, Roy S. Wesleyan Methodism in the South. Wesleyan Methodist Publishing House, 1933. 
North Carolina Reader, ed. by Calvin H. Wiley. 1851. 

North Carolina Roads and Their Builders, by Capus Waynick. Superior Stone Company. 1952. 

North Carolina Year Book, published by the News and Observer, Raleigh, N.C. Annuals for 1912, 1922, 1923, 1925, 1931, 1937, 1939, 1941. 
Oates, John A. Story of Fayetteville and the Upper Cape Fear. Dowd press, 1950. 
Pomeroy, Kenneth B. North Carolina Lands, American Forestry Association, 1964. 
Purefoy, George W. History of the Sandy Creek Baptist Association. Sheldon and Company, 1859. 
Rankin, Robert S. The Government and Administration of North Carolina. Crowell, 1955. 
Roberts, Bruce. Carolina Gold Rush: America's First. McNally and Loftin, 1971. 

Robinson, Blackwell P. History of Moore County, 1747-1847. Moore County Historical Association 1956. 
Thompson, Holland. From the Cotton Field to the Cotton Mill, a Study of the Industrial Transition in North Carolina. Macmillan, 1906. o.p. 

(Reprinted by Books for Libraries Press, 1973 and distributed by Arno Press, Inc.) 
Tucker, E. History of Randolph County, Indiana, with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers. A.L. Kingman, 

1882. (Reprinted 1967 by Eastern Indiana Publishing Company) 
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Williams, Isabel M. Salt - That Necessary Article, by Isabel M. Williams and Leora H. McEachern. (The Authors) 1973. 
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Young, Marjorie W. Textile Leaders of the South. J.R. Young, 1963. 


Arnett, Ethel Stephens. Greensboro, North Carolina. 1955. 

Brown, Cecil Kenneth. The State Highway System of North Carolina, Its Evolution and Present Status. 1931. 
Brown, Cecil Kenneth. State Movement in Railroad Development. 1928. 
Herring, Harriet L. Welfare Work in Mill Villages. 1929. 

Hobbs, Samuel Huntington, Jr. North Carolina, an Economic and Social Profile. 1930 and 1958 editions. 
Johnson, Guion Griffis. Ante-bellum North Carolina, a Social History. 1937. 

Lawson, John. A New Voyage to North Carolina, ed. with an introduction and notes by Hugh Talmage Letter. 1967. (First printed in 1709) 
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Lefler, Hugh Talmage, ed. North Carolina History Told by Contemporaries. Fourth edition. 1965. 
Merrens, Harry Roy. Colonial North Carolina in the Eighteenth Century. 1964. 
Noble, Marcus C.S. A History of the Public Schools of North Carolina. 1930. 
Ramsey, Robert W. Carolina Cradle. 1964. 

Wager, Paul W. County Government and Administration in North Carolina. 1928. 
Zuber, Richard L. Jonathan Worth, a Biography of a Southern Unionist. 1965. 
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Chaffin, Nora Campbell. Trinity College, 1839-1892; the Beginnings of Duke University. 1950. 
Long, Mary Alvcs. High Time to Tell It. 1950. 
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Rights, Douglas L. American Indian in North Carolina. 1947. 
(Information from these books was used with permission of the Duke University Press.) 



Allcott, John V. Colonial Homes in North Carolina. (Carolina Charter Tercentary Commission, 1963. pam.) 

Boyd, William K. Some Eighteenth Century Tracts Concerning North Carolina. 1927. 

Corbitt, David LeRoy. Formation of the North Carolina Counties, 1663-1943. 1960. 

Crow, Jeffrey J. Black Experience in Revolutionary North Carolina. 1977. pam. 

Parker, Matb'e Erma. Money Problems of Early Tar Heels. 1960. pam. 

The Regulators in North Carolina, a Documentary History, 1759-1776. Compiled and edited by William S. Powell, James K. Huhta, Thomas J. 

Farnham. 1971. 
Records of the Moravians, edited by Adelaide L. Fries. Volume 1. 1922. 
South, Stanley A. Indians in North Carolina. 1959. pam. 

Union List of North Carolina Newspapers, 1751-1900, edited by H.G. Jones and Julius H. Avant. 1963. 
Watson, Alan D. Society in Colonial North Carolina. 1975. pam. 

Worth, Jonathan. Correspondence of Jonathan Worth. Collected and edited by J.G. deR. Hamilton. 1909. 2v. 
North Carolina Historical Review, Volume IX, no. 2, April 1932, "Cotton Manufacturing and State Regulation in North Carolina, 1861-1865, "by 

Elizabeth Yates Webb, p. 117-137. 
North Carolina Historical Review, Volume L, no. 3, July 1973, "Horatio Gates in the Southern Department, 1780: Serious Errors and a Costly Defeat," 

by Paul David Nelson, p. 256-272. 
North Carolina Historical Review, Volume XIV, no. 1, January 1937 and no. 2, April 1937, "Gold Mining: A Forgotten Industry of Ante-Bellum North 

Carolina," by Fletcher M. Green, p. 1-19 and p. 135-155. 
North Carolina in Maps, set of 15, W.P. Cumming Collection. 1966. (map sections covering Randolph County taken from these maps) 
(Information from these resources used by permission of the Office of Archives and History.) 


Clark, Walter, ed. Histories of the Several Regiments and Battalions from North Carolina in the Great War, 1861-'65. Five volumes. Published by 

the state. 
Clark, Walter, ed. The State Records of North Carolina. Sixteen volumes. 1895-1907. 

Coon, Charles L. Beginnings of Public Education in North Carolina, a Documentary History, 1790-1840. Two volumes. 1908. 
Industrial Directory and Reference Book of the State of North Carolina. North Carolina Department of Conservation and Development and 

Department of Labor, assisted by personnel of the Works Progress Administration, 1938. 
North Carolina Auditor's Department. Annual Report for the Fiscal Year Ending November 30, 1894. 
North Carolina Bureau of Labor Statistics. First Annual Report, 1887. 
North Carolina Department of Administration, Office of the State Budget and Management, Research and Development Section. Profiles: North Carolina 

Counties. Fifth edition. 1977. 
North Carolina Department of Agriculture. Handbook of North Carolina. 1893. 
North Carolina Secretary of State. Manuals, 1913-1977. 

Saunders, William L., ed. The Colonial Records of North Carolina. Ten volumes, 1886-1890. 
Stuckey, Jasper Leonidas. North Carolina: its geology and mineral resources. North Carolina Department of Conservation and Development, 1965. 


Asheboro, N.C., City Directory, 1932. Prepared and Published by Mrs. Mary Harris Burkhead and Tom Presnell. 

Asheboro Courier. Sixtieth Anniversary Issue, 1936. 

Auman, Dorothy. Seagrove Area, compiled by Dorothy and Walter Auman. Village Printing Company, 1976. 

Auman, William Thomas. North Carolina's Inner Civil War: Randolph County. Thesis for Master's Degree in History, 1978, University of North 

Carolina at Greensboro, directed by Richard Bardolph. Manuscript. 
Blair, J.A. Reminiscences of Randolph County. Reece and Elam, 1890. (Reprint 1978 by Randolph County Historical Society.) 
A Brief History of Cedar Falls. Printed in Celebration of the American's Bicentennial, by the Bicentennial Committee, edited by Wiley Garrett. 1976. 
The Bulletin and Randleman News, edited by J.E. Mendenhall. Volumes for 1914 and 1915. 
Burgess, Fred. Randolph County: Economic and Social, a Laboratory Study at the University of North Carolina, Department of Rural Social Economics. 

(The author), 1924. (Reprint 1969 by Randolph County Historical Society.) 
Central Falls United Methodist Church. Historian, Mrs. William Trogdon. 1968. pam. 

Clark, Walter. Address About Randolph County Soldiers in the Great War, 1861-1865. Confederate Monument Unveiling, September 2, 1911. pam. 
Coble, Stephen B. A Short History of Shiloh Academy. Thesis. Appalachian State University, 1977. (With supplementary material) 
Cooper, J.M. Brief History of the Town of Staley, N.C. 1977. pam. 

Cox, Floyd Milton. Development of Education in Randolph County. Master's thesis. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1931. Manuscript. 
First National Bank of Randolph County. Annual Report, 1976. (Includes History of Banking in Randolph County by Mrs. Cecil A. Cox, p. 15-23.) 
Franklinville Bicentennial, July 3-4, 1976. 1976. pam. 

Kimrey, Grace Saunders. "The Morning Star," a History of Ramseur. 1976 Bicentennial Edition. (The author), 1977. 
Kivett, Madge Craven. A Condensed History of Ramseur, North Carolina. Talk Presented to the Randolph County Historical Society, September 4, 

1975. Mimeo. 


Lambe, Mildred. History of the Schools of Asheboro. 1934. mimeo. 

McMath, Inez. "History of Ramseur," published in the Asheboro Bulletin, April 28, 1918, as the best paper on an historical subject relating to Randolph 

County. Mimeo. 
Miller's Asheboro, N.C., City Directories, 1937-1938 — 1966. Southern Directory Company, 1937-1965. Issued biennially 1937-1958; annually 1960- 

Mullin-KiUe Asheboro, North Carolina, ConSurvey City Directory, 1967, 1969. 
Randleman Bicentennial, March 26, 27, 28, 1976. 1976. pam. 

Randolph County Business Directory, 1894, compiled and published by Levi Branson. 1894. 
Randolph Guide. Special Historical Editions of 1964, 1966, and 1976. 
Randolph Story. Supplement: The Story of Naomi Wise. Bicentennial edition, 1776-1976. Published by the Randleman Rotary Club, Randleman, North 

Carolina, 1976. 
Report on Randolph County, Comprehensive Study as to Population, Economy and Water and Sewerage Requirements to 1990 for County of Randolph, 

North Carolina, Moore, Gardner Associates, Inc. 1969. 
Robins, Sidney Swaim. Sketches of My Asheboro, Asheboro, North Carolina, 1880-1910. Randolph County Historical Society, 1972. 
Shaw, Alice Voncannon. "Things I Really Know About Asheboro," 1974, by Mrs. J.E. Shaw, mimeo. 
Stuart, Minnie Spencer. History of Fair Grove Methodist Church. May 1958. pam. 
Wilson, Winship McBride. Archdale. (the author), 1912. pam. 

Randolph County Core Collection of County Records, 1779-1900. 73 reels. Microfilm. 
United States Bureau of the Census. Census for Randolph County, 1790-1810; 1830-1880; 1900. Microfilm. (Printed copies of the 1790, 1850 and 1860 

censuses are also available.) 
Pamphlet and clipping resources on file in the Randolph Room, Randolph Public Library, Asheboro. 


Map of Randolph County with 1868 Townships, platted by J.A. Blair. 

Map of Randolph County Streams from Randolph County Tax Department maps. 

Map of Townships in 1979, from Randolph County Tax Department maps. 

Map of Randolph County, by Garland P. Stout, 1975. 

N.C. Department of Transportation. Map of Randolph County, 1978. 

United States Department of Agriculture. Soil Survey Map of Randolph County, North Carolina, 1913. 

United States Department of the Interior. Geological Survey Maps covering Randolph County, 1965. 

Map of North Carolina on title page supplied by Durham Printing Company, Asheboro. 

Maps of Randolph County Townships printed for use in this book by Hunsucker Printing Company, Asheboro. 

Map of Randolph County to 1800, published by Fred Hughes. 


Photographs are included on the following pages by: 

1. Jane L. Delisle, 14-15; 28-29; 32-33; 37; 39-40; 43; 45; 51; 58-60 

63; 66-72; 79-80; 83; 86-88; 91; 95-96; 98; 100-102; 106 
112; 116; 118-119; 121-123; 128; 131-138; 141; 143-145 
147; 149-151; 153; 155; 159-161; 174; 183; 187-188; 191 
193-197; 201-205; 208-209; 213-216; 222-224; 229-230; 
235; 241. 

2. Robert L. Heatwole, 46 (restoration); 76, 88; 98; 122; 186; 224; 

173 (restoration). 

3. Northern Trogdon, 110; 114; 129; 135; 173; 190; 192; 201. 

4. Robert Heist, Jr., 3; 5 (academy); 6 (mountains); 7 (rocks); 9 

(waterfalls); 12 (red and yellow flowers). 

5. D.N. Parks, 4; 13. 

6. Scott Harris, 5 (church). 

7. Sam Burns, 7 (Ridge Mountain). 

8. Stanley Smith, 8 (mountains and snow); 10 (sunset). 

9. John Edwards, 8 (river); 9 (river); 10 (forest). 

10. David Talley, 9 (river with waterfalls); 11 (dogwood). 

11. Charles Alexander Fox, 12 (ladyslipper). 

12. Charles Pfaff, 234, 243 

13. Sam Burns, 233 

Several old photographs were lent to the Committee to be copied 
for use in the book. Copies were made by Jane L. Delisle, Robert L. 
Heatwole, Charles Pfaff and Laura Bullock. 

The Committee expresses appreciation to the following organi- 
zations who lent photographs: 

1. Quaker Collection, Guilford College Library, 17; 27; 32; 59; 69; 

80; 119; 197. 

2. Liberty Historical Museum, 69; 71; 110; 133; 156; 158; 185. 

3. North Randolph Historical Society, 71; 96; 106; 112; 147; 155; 

193; 232. 

4. Ramseur Historical Committee, 77; 87; 102; 103; 105; 154; 207; 


5. Duke University Archives, 115; 116. 

6. Wesleyan Church, 53,-54. 

7. Wachovia Bank and Trust Company, 171. 

8. Agricultural Extension Service, 183; 188. 

9. Asheboro College, 213. 

10. Petty Enterprises, 229. 

11. Asheboro Chamber of Commerce, 137; 140; 141; 145; 149; 165; 

167-170; 172; 177; 179; 184; 186-188; 193-194; 198; 208: 213; 
219-220; 223; 225-226; 229; 232. 

12. Sir Robert Motel, 243. 

Photographs were used from the following publications. 

1. Blum's Farmers and Planter's Almanac, 67. 

2. Corbitt, D.L. Formation of North Carolina Counties, 39. 

3. Dowd, J.S. Life of Braxton Craven, 115. 

4. Franklinville, 1776-1976, 102; 113; 151; 189. 

5. Memorial Service . . . for William C. Hammer, 1931, 66. 

6. Salisbury Post, 75; 109; 131. 

7. Smithsonian, volume 8, no. 10, p. 94, 38. 

8. York. Brantley. Autobiography, 58. 

9. Randolph Guide (L. Barron Mills, Jr.), 35; 126; 131; 233-237; 

10. Courier-Tribune, 78; 134; 135; 136; 146; 148; 153-153; 157-159; 
160-161; 165-166; 168-169; 185; 187-190; 192; 194; 197; 
198; 200; 207; 209; 226; 228; 230; 232; 233-244. (Several 
of the photographs were made by Gary Hinshaw and 
Chuck Bigger.) 


11. Archdale-Trinity News, 152-153. 

12. Murphy, E.A. Thirtieth Division in the World War, 176. 

The following individuals lent photographs to be copied for use 
in the book: 

1. Frances Auman, 136; 201. 

2. Arthur Burkhead, 142; 155; 162-168; 172; 174; 177; 189-191; 

197-198; 200; 202; 216; 220; 227-228. 

3. Kate Bulla, 206. 

4. Floyd Caveness, 97; 104; 106; 115; 214. 

5. Clinton Comer, 187. 

6. Ethel Cox Cranford, 100; 101; 136; 171; 173; 179. 

7. Lawrence Cox, 153; 218. 

8. Virtle Caveness Crutchfield, 181. 

9. Charles Davis, 148; 97; 98; 104. 

10. Janet Lucas Graves, 105, 128-129; 198. 

11. JaneHaney, 117; 118. 

12. Mary Edith Hinshaw, 20; 51; 72; 87; 201. 

13. Mrs. Mabel Hinshaw, 123. 

14. Walter Hobson, 227. 

15. Minnie Hoover, 210. 

16. Elizabeth Coward Hutton, 134. 

17. Mary Jones, 134. 

18. Allie R. Kemp, 30. 

19. DeWitt Kemp, 171. 

20. Lacy Lewis, Jr., 129; 162; 171; 173-174. 

21. AUen McDaniel, 69. 

22. Treva Wilkerson Mathis, 95; 226. 

23. Mrs. Lonnie Moore, 191; 221. 

24. Robert Nance, 229. 

25. Lena HiUiard PresneU, 113. 

26. Ida Smith Rhymer, 199. 

27. Joseph D. Ross, Jr., 125 

28. Helen York Spencer, 196; 200. 

29. Sulon B. Stedman, 124; 145; 162-163; 198; 210; 214. 

30. Evelyn Story (from Stuart Story's Notebook), 78; 95; 155; 207. 

31. Francine Holt Swaim, 157. 

32. Golda Tysor, 114. 

33. Hal Hammer Walker, 175-177. 

34. A.A. Wall, 

35. Alice W. Ward, 147; 171; 173; 180; 196; 200; 220; 231. 

36. Mrs. John Wood, 69; 123. 

37. John K. Wood Family, 174; 199. 

38. Roy H. Wood, 54. 

39. C.E. York, Sr., 102; 103. 

40. Clara Isley York, 71; 99; 100; 104; 105; 198. 

41. Kathleen B. Hughes, 181, 197. 

All photographs not credited otherwise are from the Historical 
Collection in the Randolph Public Library. 

The drawing on page 18 is by Richard Meissner; those on pages 
20, 21 and 23 are by Ed Rich. 

Maps on pages 16; 25; 39; and 92 were made available by the 
Office of Archives and History. The 1979 Township map was red- 
rawn by Carolyn N. Hager from Tax department maps, and also the 
map of the watercourses on page 244. 

Personnel at the Town Creek Indian Mound and the Battle of 
Alamance Historic Sites were helpful in supplying information about 
the sites. Robert Carey of the United States Forest Service at the 
Uwharrie National Forest headquarters in Troy provided informa- 
tion about the forest and photographs. 

The Committee is indebted to several persons for assistance in 
gathering information and/or photographs: 

Dorothy and Walter Auman 

Michael Auman 

Roseanna Barrett 

Henry Bowers 

Vivian Bryant 

Katherine Buie 

Ralph L. Bulla 

Lloyd Canoy 

P.M. Caudle 

Guy Clodfelter 

Evelyn W. Cox 

Maude Cox 

Ethel Cox Cranford 

Carl Crotts 

Ruby Lassiter Culver 

Charles Davis 

Zeola Sikes English 

Jane Cochran Fox 

Doris Betts Gaddis 

Harwood Graves 

Beatrice F. Grey 

Elizabeth Redding Guthrie 

Leah Hammond 

Hazel Coltrane Hancock 

Mary Harrison 

Jack Hayworth 

Dr. Ray W. Hayworth 

E.L. Hedrick 

Calvin J. Hinshaw 

Seth and Mary Edith Hinshaw 

Emajon Jones 

Claude Kearns 

C. Henry King 

Madge Craven Kivett 

Cathy Cranford Lane 

Ben Lambeth 

Merle Johnson Lanier 

Smith Langdon 

James C. Lavinder 

Grady B. Lawson 

Addie Luther 

Kenneth McFadden 

Treva Wilkerson Mathis 

Blanche Miller 

L. Barron Mills, Jr. 

Grace B. Moffitt 

Mary Gray Newlin 

Grier Newlin 

HiUiard Nance 

Robert L. Nance 

Linda and Richard Petty 

James W. Pickard 

Katherine Pickett 

Barbara PresneU 

Cola Gallimore PresneU 

Hal Pugh 

Ida Smith Rhymer 

Charlie Robbins 

Joseph D. Ross, Jr. 

Mabel AUen Smith 

Helen York Spencer 

Ava M. and Charles M. Staley 

Richard Stockner 

Lee J. Stone 

Evelyn Story 

Joseph R. Suggs 

Lois and Albert G. Taylor 

Nell and Alton WaU 

Beulah WeUs 

Margaret Buie WiUiams 

Varner Bros. 

A.A. WaU 

Roy H. Wood 

Clara Isley York 






I 2 J 4 

•r nn 1 n— ji 


State Highways. 

County Highways: 

A B or C 


Randolph County Road Map — 1978 



Academies, 56, 58, 101, 114, 115, 117, 204; List of, 267 

Act . . . Concerning Roads (1764), 24-25 

Act for Better Care of Orphans . . . , 29 

Act for Dividing County of Guilford . . ., 246 

Advertisements (1800-1860), 42, 44, 79, 80 

Agricultural Extension Service, 139, 140; Extension 

Chairman, 269; Farm Agents, 269; Home Agents, 

Agricultural Societies, 42, 68, 70-71 
Agriculture (To 1800), 17; (1800-1860), 67-71; (1860- 

1900), 94, 110, 111; (1900-1979), J83-189; Appen- 

dex, 276, See also Food and Cookery 
Airports, 196-197 
Alamance, Battle of, 31-33 
Alcoholic Beverage Control, see Prohibition 
Almanacs, 67, 69 
American Revolution, 33-36 
Amusements, 19, 22, 23, 45, 106 
Animal Husbandry, 17, 186 
Appendex, 246-277 
Appomatox, Parole List, 93 
Apprentices, 28-29, 65 

Archdale, 84, 119-120, 143, 144, 152, 153, 203 
Architects (1979), 276 
Art, 219-220, 225 
Asbury, Bishop Francis, 26-27, 28 
Asheboro (Asheborough), 40, (1800-1860), 45-48; 

(1860-1900), 124-126; (1900-1979), 142, 143, 144- 

145, 161-174 
Asheboro City Schools, 212; Superintendents, 269 
Asheboro College, 213-214 
Asheboro Female Academy, 56, 58 
Asheboro Male Academy, 56 
Asheboro Township, 129, 131, 137-138 
Authors, 220 
Automobiles, 129, 192, 195, 264; List of Owners 

(1913), 273 
Aviation, 193-194 

Back Creek Township, 129, 131-133 

Balfour, Andrew, 36, 39, 135 

Balloon Ascensions, 221 

Baltimore Association of Friends, 92, 94 

Batteries, 168 

Banks and Banking, 43, 65, 125, 128, 154; Appendex, 

Bell, Martha McFarland McGee, 27, 32, 35 
Bell, William, 26, 27, 35, 38-39 
Bibliography, 278-280 
Blacks, Free (before 1865), 29, 72-73 
Blacks (after 1865), 93-94 
Blum's Almanac, 67, 69 

Boots and Shoes — Trade and Manufacture, 120, 170 
Bridges, 99, 113, 136, 199 

See also Covered Bridges 
Brokaw Estate, 118, 132 

Broom and Brush Industry, 103, 150, 158, 167 
Brower Township, 129, 135-136 
Bryan, John, 36 

Buffalo Ford, 33 
Building Materials Industry, 191 
Buses, see Motor Bus Lines 
Bush Hill, see Archdale 

Cabins, 17, 18, 22 

Camp Caraway, 215 

Camp Meeting Songs, 54 

Camp Meetings, 48-50, 54, 107 

Carriage and Wagon Making, 47, 121, 161 

Carver College, 214 

Caswell, Richard, 34, 39, 66 

Cataract Operation, 44 

Cedar Falls, 76, 87, 100-101, 105, 150 

Cedar Grove Township, 129, 133-135 

Cedar Square, 131, 132 

Central Falls, 99-100, 105, 191 

Charters, Municipal, see Municipal Charters 

Chautauquas, 218, 222 

Chronology, 251-256 

Churches (To 1800), 26-28, 33; (1800-1860), 46-47, 
50-54, 56-58; (1860-1900), 72-74, 80, 82, 84, 86, 
93-94, 97-101, 103, 106-107, 117, 120-122; (1900- 
1979), 214-216; (Appendix), List of churches, 261- 

Circus (1839), 45 

Civil Rights Acts of 1965, 128-129 

Civil War, 81-91, 93 

Civil War Songs, 84 

Clerks of Court, 268 

Clothing and Dress, 20, 22 

Clothing and Dress — Manufacture, 161, 167-170 

Clothing Trade, 190 

Clubs, Civic, see Organizations 

Coffin, Addison, 72 

Coffin, O.J. Homecoming Day Poem, 182-183 

Coleridge, 59, 97-98, 104, 106, 148, 151, 205, 215 

Coleridge Township, 131, 135-137 

Colton, Simeon, 47, 48, 50, 63, 64, 75 

Columbia Factory, see Ramseur 

Columbia Township, 129, 133 

Communication, 24-25, 42-45, 48-50, 124, 129 

Community Centers, 275 

Community Life (1800-1860), 42-45 

Community Organizations, see Organizations 

Company K, 30th Division, 175-177, 277 

Concord Township, 129, 133-135 

Confederate Army, North Carolina Troops, Randolph 
County units, 83-84, 85-86 

Confederate Monument, 141 

Confederate Troops, Mustering Out, 84, 93 

Confederate States of America, 81, 83-84, 87 

Confederate Veterans, Ramseur, 87 

Constitution of 1776, North Carolina, 65; Amend- 
ments of 1835, 29, 73 

Constitution of 1868, North Carolina, 93, 94, 124, 129 

Contractors, General, 276 

Conventions, Delegates to, 246, 248 

Cornwallis, Lord Charles, 35, 36 

Corporations (1979), 276 

County Courts, 24, 29, 38, 41, 43, 46, 65 


County Commissioners, 4, 268-269 

Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, 24, 41, 65 

Court Houses, 39-40, 46, 139-140 

Covered Bridges, 111-113, 128, 136, 154, 197-199 

Cox's Mill, 34, 37, 91 

Crafts, 219, 224 

Craftsmen Before 1860, 22, 63, 79-80, 85 

Craven, Braxton, 43, 56-57, 59-60, 85-86, 94-95, 115- 

117, 123 
Credits, 280-283 
Crops, 17, 67, 94 
Cross Roads, see Johnstonville 
Cultural Activities, 218-221 

Gardner, Shubal, 24, 25, 122 

Gates, General Horatio, 34 

General Stores, 42-43 

Gold Mines and Mining, 74-75, 107-110, 131; List of 

Mines, 259-260; List of Miners, 260 
Government (Colonial Period), 29-30, 38-41; (1800- 

1860), 65-66; (1860-1900), 124; (1900-1979), 139-149 

See also Municipal Government 
Granges, 276 

Grant Township, 129, 135-137 
Gray, General Alexander, 40, 43, 55, 64, 66, 72 
Grist Mills, 22, 23, 25, 45, 87, 132 
Grocery Trade, 190-191 
Guilford Court House, Battle of, 32, 35, 36 

Department Stores, 181 
Depression of 1930-1939, 177-178 
Deserters, see Outliers 
Dicks' Mill, 79 
Drugstores, 190 

Early Settlers, 250 
Earthquakes, 152 
1800-1860, 42-80 
1860-1900, 81-126 
Electric Utilities, 146-148 
Epithets, 33, 34, 83 
Election of 1864, 83-84 
Exploration, 14-15 

Fairs, 68, 70-72, 182-183 

Faith Rock, 37 

Family, 22, 59-61, 67, 201-203 

Fanning, David, 35, 36-38, 122 

Farm Equipment and Supplies, 191 

Farmer, 114, 136, 188, 229 

Farms, 17, 67-71, 111, 127 

Fire Departments, Municipal, 144-146 

Fire Departments, Rural, 144 

Fires, 60, 121, 125 

Flag (Randolph Hornets), 83 

Flora, 12 

Flour and Feed Trade, 132, 136, 150, 166, 191 

See also Grist Mills 
Food and Cookery, 19, 59, 67 
Food Industry and Trade, 160, 191 
Foods (Native), 14, 17, 18 
Forests, 10 

Forest Service, 140, 146 
Franklinville (Franklinsville), (1800-1860), 37, 76-78, 

79; (1860-1900), 88, 101-102; (1900-1979), 143, 150, 

Franklinville Township, 129, 133 
Friends, Society of, see Churches 
Fuel Trade, 192 

Funerals, 53; Funeral Homes, (Appendix), 272 
Furniture Industry and Trade, 150, 154, 157-158, 159, 


Hammer, William Cicero, Jr., 66, 124, 125 

Hammer, William Cicero, Sr., 48-49 

Hancock, John M., 91 

Health, Public, 43-44, 60, 139, 140 

Health Officers, 269 

Herbs, Therapeutic, 60-61 

Heroes of America, 84 

Highways, see Roads 

Historical Highway Markers, 14, 116, 258 

Hoover — President Hoover's Family, 17 

Hosiery Industry, 96, 152, 154, 158, 159, 161-162, 165, 

167, 168, 170 
Hospitals, 226, 274 
Hotels, 125, 191 
Houses (To 1800), 17, 22, 30, 32; (1800-1860), 45, 

59-60, 66, 67; (1860-1900), 90, 117; (1900-1979), 

173-174; 201-203 
Household Appliances, Small, 168 
Howell, Rednap, 30-32 
Hunter, Andrew, 37 
Hunter, James, 31-32 
Husband, Herman, 30-32 

Implements, 17, 20-21 

Indian Trading Path, 14, 15, 24, 25, 32 

Indians, 14-15, 16 

Industries (1938), 275 

Industry (1800-1860), 76-79; (1860-1900), 87, 94-106; 

(1900-1979), 150-174, 184-185, 276 
Insurance Agents, 192 
Inventory of Estate (1785), 23 
Iron Mountain, 88 

Jackson, Andrew, 40 
Jail, 24, 126, 140 
Johnson, Sarah, Notebook, 60-61 
Johnstonville, 24, 39-40 
Judges, 272 

Justices of the Peace, 39; List of for 1779-1865, 247-248 
See also County Courts 


Korean War (1950-1953), 182 

Land Grants, 23, 41 

Lawyers, 40, 44-45, 47, 271 

Lawyer's Day, A, 178 

Lawyers' Row, Asheboro, 140 

Letters (1800-1860), 72, 74; (1860-1900), 81-85, 87, 89, 

Level Cross Township, 131, 137-138 
Liberty, 112, 121, 142, 143, 144, 157-159 
Liberty Township, 129, 133 
Librarians, Public, 269 
Libraries, Public, 139, 140, 146, 147, 151 
Library, Ebenezer Church (1826), 57 
Lineberry, W.H., 84-85 
Livestock, see Animal Husbandry 
Livery Stables, 103, 125 
Lodges, 45, 101, 103 
Lodging, 25, 64 

Log Cabins, 17, 18, 22, 59, 70, 76 
Long, John, Jr., 57, 64, 66 
Lumber and Lumbering, 94, 136 

McCrary Recreation Center, 228-229 

Manumission Society, 72, 120 

Maps, 16, 25, 39, 92, 126, 130, 244-245 

Marion, Francis, 34 

Marriage Bond, 54 

Martin, Governor Alexander — Offer of Amnesty, 34 

Mayors, 269-271 

Medicine, 42, 60-61 

Mental Health, 140-141 

Merchandising (1900-1979), 190-194 

Migration Out of the County, 33, 73-74 

Migration To the County, 16-17, 18, 26-27 

Militia, 66 

Mill ViUages, 104-106 

Millikan, William, 37, 39, 117, 122 

Mines and Mineral Resources, 74-75, 88, 131, 133 

See also Gold Mines and Mining 
Moffitt, Elvira Worth, 91 
Money, 29, 43, 65, 128 
Moravians, 16, 23, 33 
Moseley, Edward, 16 
Motor Bus Lines, 194-195 
Municipal Buildings (1900-1979), 142-143 
Municipal Charters, 250 
Municipal Government, 42-45, 142-149 
Municipal Managers and Clerks, 146, 271, 276 
Mural, 220 
Music, (To 1800), 23; (1800-1860), 49, 50, 54; (1860- 

1900), 84, 123; (1900-1979), 218-219, 221 

National Guard, 177; 

See also World War I 
Needham, Jesse, 22 

New Era (1875-1900), 94 

New Hope Township, 129, 133-135 

New Market, 122 

New Market Township, 129-133 

New Salem, 42, 65, 79, 80, 121-123 

New Salem Township, 129, 133 

Newlin, Joseph, 84 

Newspapers, see Periodicals 

Night of Terror, 108-109 

1900-1979, 127-245 

Nineteenth Century Communities, 121-122 

North Carolina: 

Randolph County Men in State Government, 260 

State Debt (1865), 91 
North Carolina General Assembly: 

Representatives from Randolph County, 256-257 

Senators from Randolph County, 256 

Acts, 24-25, 29, 246 
North Carolina State Highway Commission, 127 

Oaths of AUegiance (1771), 32-33 
Oaths of Allegiance (1781), 38 
Office Equipment and Supplies, 191 
Organizations, (1900-1979), 222-226 
Orphans, 28-29, 65 
Outliers, 82-89, 91 

Paper Box Industry, 168, 170 

Paper Money, see Money 

Parades, 220-221 

Parks and Recreation Departments, Municipal, 146, 

Peace Movement, see Civil War 
Peddler Licenses, 43 
Periodicals, 42-43, 111, 124, 164, 176 
Physicians, 44, 65, 271 
Plank Roads, 61-62, 64, 84 
Plays, 218-219, 221 

Pleasant Grove Township, 129, 135-137 
Police, 144, 276 
Poor, 28, 40, 53, 65-66, 92-93 
Population, 241-242 
Postal Service, 43, 102, 111, 121; 

List of Post Offices, 258-259 
Pottery, 14, 35, 131, 137, 138, 224, 276 
Preface, 4 

Prohibition, 217-218 
Prologue, 6-13 
Private Schools (1800-1900), 28, 56, 94; (1900-1979), 

Providence Township, 131-133 
Public Health, see Health, Public 
Public Schools (1840-1860), 55-58; (1860-1900), 93; 

Public Schools (1900-1979), 135, 203-214, 219, 275; 

Apportionment of funds (1914), 211; Report of 

County Superintendent (1914), 212-213 
Public Welfare, see Social Services, Department of 
Pugh, James, 31, 33 


Radio Stations, 276 

Railroads, (1800-1860), 82, 63-64; (1860-1900), 96, 

103, 111-113; (1900-1979), 133, 195-197, 199; 272 
Ramseur, (1800-1860), 50, 76, 77; (1860-1900), 102- 

104; 105-106; (1900-1979), 142, 143, 144, 150-151, 

153-154, 202, 205, 207, 227, 230, 232 
Randleman, (1800-1860), 40, 52, 76, 78, 79, 80; 

(1860-1900), 94-97, 106; (1900-1979), 142, 143, 147, 

149, 152-156, 207, 208, 220 
Randleman Township, 129, 137-138 
Randolph County, Formation of (1779), 38-41 
Randolph County in 1860, 80 
Randolph County: 

Auditor's Report (1893), 272 

Commissioners, 4, 268-269 

County Managers, 142, 271 

Department Heads, 269 

Finance Officers, 142, 271 

Statistics, 249-250 

Superintendents, County Schools, 269 
Randolph County Historical Society, 225 
Randolph Hornets, 83, 85 
Randolph, Peyton, 38 
Randolph Technical College, 213 
Real Estate Business, 192 
Reconstruction (1865-1875), 91, 92-94 
Recreation, 227-232 
Red Strings, 84 
Refugees, 182 
Registers of Deeds, 268 
Regulator Advertisements No. 9, 31 
Regulators, 30-33 
Retailer Licenses, 43 
Revolution, see American Revolution 
Richland Township, 129, 135-137 
Rivers, 9, 134 
Roads, (To 1800), 15, 24-25; (1800-1860), 61-64; 

(1860-1900), 84, 113, 121, 127; (1900-1979), 127, 

133, 152, 194, 210 

See also Plank Roads; Indian Trading Path 
Robbins, Jeffrey H., 90 
Rocks, 6, 88 

St. Paul's Methodist Episcopal Church, 95 
Salt Works, State, 82, 87, 88, 90-91, 120 
Savings and Loan Associations, 128, 274 
Sawmills, 134, 135, 136 
Schools, Adult, 98, 107 
Schools, Private, see Private Schools 
Schools, Public, see Public Schools 
Seagrove, 138, 143, 159-161 
Segregation in Education, 209 
Settlement, 17-23, 251 
Sheriffs, 29, 268 
Shopping Centers, 194 
Slavery, 52, 72-73, 124 
Social Life, 45 

Social Services, Department of, 139, 140; Superinten- 
dents, 269 
Sophia, 131 

Spangenberg, Bishop August, 9 

Spinks' Farm, 34 

Sports, 227-232 

Springhouses, 60 

Staley, 143, 158-160 

Standard Weights and Measures, 43 

Statistics, Miscellaneous, 249-250 

Steed, J. Nat, 108-109 

Superstition, 55 

Tabernacle Township, 129, 131-133 

Tavern Rates, 41 

Taxation, (To 1800), 29-30, 33, 39, 40; (1800-1860), 

65, 73; (1860-1900), 124, (Appendix), 246, 247 
Telegraph Operators, 113, 271 
Telephone, 147-149 
Temperance Societies, 54, 120 
Textbook, Handwritten, 28 
Textile Industry and Fabrics (1800-1860), 76-78; 

(1860-1900), 87, 94-106; (1900-1979), 127, 150-154, 

158, 167-168, 170 
Theaters, Movie, 178, 231-232, 272 
To 1800, 14-41 
To the Tricentennial, 234 
Tools, see Implements 
Town Creek Indian Mound, 15 
Townships, 129-138 
Transportation (To 1800), 24-25; (1800-1860), 61-64; 

(1860-1900), 111-113; (1900-1979), 194, 200 
Trinity, 59, 117-119, 152, 202, 208 
Trinity College, 57, 115-117 
Trinity Guards, 85-86 
Trinity Township, 129, 131-133 
Tryon, Governor William, 30-33 
Twentieth Century Overview, 127-129 
Tyson, Bryan, 82 

Underground Railway, 72-73 
Union Factory, see Randleman 
Union Institute, see Trinity College 
Union Township, 129, 133-135 
United States Congress: 

Representatives from Randolph County, 66, 266 
Uwharrie Mountains, 6, 9, 131 
Uwharrie National Forest, 10, 135 
Uwharrie Trail Club, 135 
Utilities, see Electric Utilities; Telephone 
Uwharrie Rifles, 85 

Vance, Governor Zebulon Baird, 82, 83, 85-87, 90, 91, 

93, 94, 124 
Variety Stores, 190 
Vending Machines, 192 
Vietnam War, 182, 276 
Vote on Secession (1861), 73 
Voting, 29, 73, 124 


Walker, Thomas, Account Book, 68 

War of 1812, 66 

Weather, 68, 103, 189 

Weddings, 54 

Weights and Measures, see Standard Weights . . . 

Welfare Department, see Social Services, Department 

Why Not, 137 
Wise, Naomi, Ballad, 123 
Women, Status of, 60 
Women in the Confederacy, 86 
Women in the Revolution, 35 
Woodworking Industries, 103, 119, 150, 157-159, 

161-162, 170 

See also Furniture Industry and Trade 
World War I, 175-177 

See also Company K 
World War II, 179-182; 277 

Worth, Daniel, 52-53 

Worth, John Milton, (1800-1860), 47, 62, 70; (1860- 

1900), 82, 84, 88, 89, 98, 100, 121, 124; (1900-1979), 

Worth, Jonathan, (1800-1860), 44, 46, 48, 55-58, 62, 

64, 71, 76; (1860-1900), 80-85, 87-91, 92-93, 94, 124 
Worthville, 98-99, 104, 152 

York, Brantley, 49, 50, 55-58, 107, 115 
YMCA, 231 

Zoo, 137, 232-233 

VnJut, -index include* pagei J - 243 . It dot* not include the Appendix . 
See also the SUBJECT INDEX 

J6F Vending Service, 192 
A. & P. Grocery, 192 
Aberdeen & Asheboro 

Railroad, 111, 159, 199 
Academy of Beauty Science, 214 
Acme-McCrary Corp., 150, 161, 165 

184, 227-229. 
Adams, Mose, 205 
Adams, Solomon, 58 
Adams family, 137 
Adineal, John, 38 
Adkins, Nancy E. , 221 
Agricultural Building, 140, 178 
Agricultural Extension Service, 

139-H1, 186 
Alabama, 73 

Aladdin Hosiery Mill,. 158 
Alamance County, 32, 77 
Alberta Chair Co., 103, 150 
Albertson, John, 41 
Albertson, Mark, 121 
Albertson, Phineas, 72 
Albright, Lynn, 98 
Albrights, R. L., Bridge, 199 
Aldred, Thomas, 24 
Aldridge, John, 38 
Aldridge, Samuel, 101 
Aldred, Pvt. R. , 93 
Alexander, James, 39 
Alexander, Kemp, 161 
Alford, Dr. J. B., 118 
Allen H. Leonard Memorial 

Park, 203, 230 
Allen, Hayden, Jr., 224 
Allen, Jobe, 30 
Allen, John, 30, 32, 56, 76 
Allen, Joseph, 56 
Allen's Barber Shop, 155 
Allen's Fall School, 56 
Allen's Temple, AME, 216 
Allred, E. S., 100 
Allred, Elias, 38 
Allred, Emsley, 47 
Allred General Store, 151 
Allred, J. M., 139 
Allred, James M. , 103 
Allred, John C, 55, 57 
Allred, Joseph A., 76 
Allred, Joseph A. File, 74 
Allred, Samuel, 74 
Allred, William, 55 
Allred, W. E. , 100 
Allred, Sgt. W. R. , 93 
Allred family, 183 
Allridge, Pvt. W., 93 
Allsheer Hosiery Mill, 158 
Alpha Delta Kappa, 224 
Aired, W. B., 96 
American Association of 

Retired Persons, 224 
American Home Products, 160 

American Legion, Post 45, 

Baseball Team, 227 
American Legion Posts, 223 
Amick family, 183 
Anchor Store, 162, 191 
Anderson, Cora, 204 
Anderson, John, 40 
Anderson, Walter, 204 
Andrews, C. M. , 71 
Andrews, Mrs. C. M. , 70, 71 
Andrews, Hezekiah, 43, 56, 

Andrews, Capt. T. W. , 85 
Andrews, Wiley, 118 
Andrews family, 183 
Ann Carol Hosiery Mill, 170 
Anson County, 38, 40, 66, 135 
Antioch School, 211 
"Applejack", 228 
Appomatox, Parole List, 93 
Arch (Apparel), 170 
Archdale, 62, 84, 119-120, 

143, 144, 146-148, 152- 

153, 203 

Archdale City Hall, 143 
Archdale Civitan Club, 222 
Archdale Creekside Park, 

152, 230 
Archdale, John, 120 
Archdale Friends Meeting, 120 
Archdale Lions Club, 222 
Archdale Parks & Recreation 

Dept., 230 
Archdale Pharmacy, 190 
Archdale Police Dept., 144 
Archdale Public Library, 146 
Archdale Roller Mill Co. Inc., 

Archdale School, 118, 211 
Archdale Sertoma Club, 222 
Archdale Water Supply, 144 
Archdale-Trinity Pilot Club, 222 
Archdale-Trinity Woman's Club, 

Arledge, Jesse, 57 
Armfield, Adelaide, 205 
Armfield, W. J., Jr., 125, 139, 

154, 161, 202 
Arnold, John, 39, 40, 41 
Arthur, Cynvia, 220 

"Art in the Park", 220, 225, 237 

As bury, Bishop Francis, 26-27, 28 

Asbury, Dr. F. E. , 222 

Ashburn, A. L., Jr., 160 

Ashe, Samuel, 40 

Asheboro (Asheborough) , 40, 42, 
44, 45, 46-48, 56, 58, 62-66, 
75, 84, 86, 104, 108, 111, 
113, 120-121, 123-125, 131, 
138, 141-145, 150, 161-174, 
177, 178, 180, 182, 184, 190, 
217, 218, 220, 239 

Asheboro Baseball Team, 227 
Asheboro Beauty School, 214 
Asheboro Broom Co., 167 
Asheboro Business & Pro- 
fessional Women's Club, 222 
Asheboro Business Machines, 191 
Asheboro Chamber of Commerce, 134 

188, 220, 223, 232 
Asheboro, City of, I46 
Asheboro City Offices, 4 
Asheboro City Council, 143 
Asheboro City Schools, 203, 

210, 212, 225 
Asheboro Civitan Club, 222 
Asheboro Coach Co., 195, 200 
Asheboro Coffin & Casket Co., 

Asheboro College, 213-214 
Asheboro Concrete Co., 191 
Asheboro Country Club, 229, 231 
Asheboro Courier . 123, 124, 126, 

Asheboro Drug Co . , 190 
Asheboro Electric Co., 146 
Asheborough Female Academy, 46, 

56, 58, 212, 221 
Asheboro Fire Dept., 144-146 
Asheboro Furniture Co., 162 
Asheboro High School, 208, 212, 

219, 221, 228-229 
Asheboro High School Baseball 

Team, 227 
Asheboro Hosiery Mill, 162, 166, 184 
Asheboro Junior High School, 

Asheboro Kiwanis Club, 222, 226 
Asheboro Lions Club, 222 
Asheboro Lumber & Mfg. Co., 161 
Asheborough Male Academy, 46, 

47, 56, 66, 126, 212 
Asheboro Memorial Foundation, 

Asheborough Methodist Episcopal 

Church, 46, 47 
Asheboro Ministerial Assn., 215, 

Asheboro Motor Car Co., 149 
Asheboro Municipal Airport, 135 
Asheboro Municipal Building, 

142, 178 
Asheboro Municipal Golf Course, 

9, 178, 229 
Asheboro No. 1 School, 211 
Asheboro Optimist Club, 222 
Asheboro Parks & Recreation 

Dept., 146, 229, 230 
Asheboro Pilot Club, 222 
Asheboro Police Dept., 144 
Asheboro Post Office, 178, 190 
Asheborough Presbyterian Church, 44 

46, 47, 50, 98, 126 


Asheboro Public Library, 140, 

146, 219 
Asheboro Roller Mills, 161, 

162, 166 
Asheboro Rotary Club, 222 
Asheboro School (1890-1905), 

Asheboro Sertoma Club, 222 
Asheboro Stamp Club, 224 
Asheboro Telephone Co., 147, 

Asheboro Township, 129, 131, 

Asheboro Veneer Co . , 162 
Asheboro Water Supply, 143- 144 
Asheboro Weaving Plant, 162, 

Asheboro Wheelbarrow & Mfg. Co., 

166, 170 
Asheboro Woman's Club, 205, 222 
Asheboro Wood and Iron Works , 161 
Ashe Craft Furniture Co.,. 170 
Ashlyn Hotel, 191 
Ashmore, Walter, 38, 39 
Ashworth, Joel, 83, 124 
Ashworth, W. R. , 124 
Ashworth family, 182 
Askew, Wesley, 50 
Assembly of God, 215 
Assn. for Retarded Persons, 226 
Auman, Darius, 182 
Auman, Dorothy C, 160, 161, 221 
Auman, Frank, 159 
Auman, Frank, Jr., 4 
Auman, Jacob, 56 
Auman, Jasper, 182 
Auman, Jefferson, family, 201 
Auman, Walter S. , 160, 221 
Auman, William T. , 83-85, 221 
Auman family, 182 
Auman Bros. Feed & Seed Store, 

Auman Lumber Co. , 160 
Auman Saw Mill, 136 
Automatic Vending Service, 192 

B 8c H Panel Co., 170 

B St S Hosiery, Inc., 170 

B.P.O.E. (Elks), 223 

Bachelor Belles, 220 

Back Creek, 37, 41, 129, 131, 

143, 199 
Back Creek Friends Meeting, 26, 27 
Back Creek No. 1 School, 211 
Back Creek School, 211 
Back Creek Township, 65, 129, 

131- 133 
Bailey, William, 40 
Bain, N. D. , 47 
Baldwin, Fred, 164 
Baldwin, Lucy A. , 47 

Baldwin, Martitia, 70 
Balfour, Andrew, 36, 39, 135 
Balfour Elementary School, 212 
Balfour Masonic Lodge, AF & AM 

188, 45 
Ball, W. S., 99 
Baltimore Assn. of Friends, 92, 

Bands, School Marching, 218 
Bank Holiday (1933), 177 
Bank of Coleridge, 154, 178 
Bank of Franklinville , 178 
Bank of Liberty, 178 
Bank of Ramseur, 178 
Bank of Randleman (Peoples), 

177, 178 
Bank of Randolph, 125, 163, 

Bank of Seagrove, 178 
Banks & Morgan Store, 121 
Banner Hosiery Mills, 170 
Bargain House, Randleman, 193 
Barker, T. B., 159 
Barlow, Harry, 223 
Barnes-Griffin Clinic, 226 
Barrett, C. A., 212, 214 
Barrett, Mrs. C. A., 214 
Barton, John, 39 
Bassett Furniture Co., 150 
"Battle Axe", 97 

Baxter, Kelly & Faust, Inc., 152 
Bay Doe, 37 
Beaman Corp. , 158 
Beasley, A. B., 152, 154 
Back, Audrey, flyleaf, 220 
Beckerdite, A. F., 70 
Beckerdite, F. , 70 
Bedford, William, 74 
Beekeepers' Assn., 224 
Beeson family, 138 
Belk-Yates Dept. Store, 162, 

191, 192 
Bell, Martha McFarlajid McGee, 

27, 32, 35 
Bell, Martha McGee Bridge, 35 
Bell, Mary, 195 
Bell, William, 26-27, 35, 38- 

39, 40 
Bellicourt Tunnel, 175-176 
Bells Grove School, 211 

Bell's Meeting, 27, 28, 48 

Bell's Mill, 35 

Belvidere School, 207, 208 

Benge, Joel, 36 

Bennett Telephone Exchange , 148 

Benton, Jesse, 40 

Bess Maid, Inc., 167, 184 

Beta Sigma Phi, 224 

Bethel Friends Meeting, 50, 72 

Bethel Methodist Protestant 

Church, 86 
Bethel School, 211 
Betts Grocery Store, Asheboro, 


Billingsly family, 31 

Bingham, Betty, 204 

Bingham, Lewis, 70 

Bingham, Thomas W., 202 

Bird, James, 56 

Bird, Dr. Joseph, 118 

Birkhead Mountain, 135 

Bishop, William, 55 

Black, Henry, 150 

Black, J. A., 125 

Black, Thomas, 83 

Blair, B. F. , 118 

Blair, Mrs. Eliza, 70 

Blair, Enos, 59 

Blair, Enos T., 83, 124 

Blair , J . , 70 

Blair, Joseph Addison, 93, 99, 124 
125, 126, 129, 221 

Blair, J. L., 70 
Blair, Mrs. J. S., 70 

Blair, L. W. , 70 

Blair, Robert E. , 50 

Blair, Samuel W., 71 

Blair family, 119 

Blair and Plummer Wagon Works, 

Blalock School, 211 
Bloomington (Guilford Co.), 120 
Blue Bell, Inc., 168 
Blue Gem Mfg. Co., 168 
"Blue Ribbon", 166 
Blue Star Memorial Highway, 181 
Blum's Almanac, 67, 69, 111 
Boaz Mills, 151 
Boling Chair Co., 158 
Bolton, Cliff, 227 
Bombay Institute (School) ,204, 



Bonkemyer, Carson, 184 
Bossong, Charles G. , 167 
Bossong, Charles J. , 167 
Bossong, Joseph C. , 167 
Bossong Hosiery Mills, 167, 184, 

Bost Neckwear, 170 
Boyette & Richardson Drugstore 

Boy Scout Troop #570, 135 
Bradshaw, George S. , 99, 125 
Bradshaw, W. S. , 118 
Brady, Claude, 150 
Brady, Jeremiah S., 73 
Brady, John, 73 
Brady, John, 150 
Brady, Julian, 151 
Brady, Mathew D. , 73 
Brady, William, 73 
Brady Mfg. Co., 151 
Brandon, Dr. John M. , 50 
Brandt, Simon, 4.7 
Branson, Clarkson, 70 
Branson, John, 65 
Branson, Levi B. , 73 
Branson, M. H. , 213 
Branson, Thomas, 56, 57, 70 
Branson, Capt. Thomas A. , 85 
Branson, William, 56, 70 
Branson family, 31, 138 
Branson's Mill, 138 
Branson's Mill Bridge, 113 
Bray, E. H. , 150 
Bray, Eli, 74 
Bray, Jesse, 57 
Bray, Matthias D., 76 
Breed, Joseph, 26 
Brethren, Church of the, 27 
Brian Center (Asheboro), 236 
Brim's Appliance & T.V., 242 
Bristow, Samuel, 100 
Brittain, B. F. , 177 
Brittain, John T. , 125, 217-218 
Brittain and Sapp Law Office, 125 
Brockman, August, 47 
Brockman, Mrs. August, 47 

(Bertha Raven Brockman) 
Brokaw, William Gould, 118, 131- 

133, 149 
Brooklyn Bridge (Ramseur), 154, 

Brooks, Fitch, 164 
Brooks, Josiah H. , 44, 47 
Brooks, William P., 96, 121 
Brookshire, Benjamin, 55 
Brookshire, Mannering, 36 
Brookshire, William, 41 
Brow, Dan, 70 
Brow, H. L. , 70 
Brower, Abraham, 43, 157 
Brower, Abram, 76 
Brower, Alfred, 43, 76, 137 
Brower, Alfred M. , 76 
Brower, Christian, 157 
Brower, David, 36 
Brower, Doctor, 55 
Brower, Eli, 56, 57, 157 

Brower, George, 55 
Brower, Henry Lilly, 158 
Brower, Jacob, 157 
Brower, James W., 76 
Brower, John, 157 
Brower, John, Jr., 157 
Brower, Nicholas, 157 
Brower, Pvt. W. L. , 93 
Brower, Washington, 157 
Brower, William, 55 
Brower Company, 159 
Brower No. 1 School, 211 
Brower School, 178, 209, 211 
Brover Township, 129, 131, 135- 

Brower 's Chapel Methodist 

Protestant Church, 49 
Brower 's Mills, 82, 137 
Brower 1 s School (Asheboro), 

Brown, Dr. Cecil, 230-231 
Brown, Charles B. , 150 
Brown, Dempsey, 70 
Brown, Mrs. Dempsey, 70 
Brown, E. M. , 159 
Brown, Ethel, 208 
Brown, Hardy S., 47, 70 
Brown, Hugh L. , 118 
Broun, Capt. J. A. C, 85 
Brown, Dr. J. L. , 118 
Brown, J. M. , 121, 204 
Brown, J. W. , 151 
Brown, John, 115, 117 
Brown, John, 66 
Brown, John B. , 43 
Brown, John D. , 56, 57, 73 
Brown, John R. , 73 
Brown, Morgan, 34 
Brown, R. H., 43, 44, 70 
Brown, Mrs. R. H. , 70 
Brown, Vernon, 204 
Brown, W. A., 124 
Brown, William, 33, 73 
Brown family, 182 
Brown & Bray Lumber Co., 150, 

Brown's Crossroads, 40 
Brown & Luther Lumber Co., 150 
Brown's School, 56, 115 
Brush Creek, 25, 36, 50 
Brush Creek Bridge, 199 
Brush Creek Primitive Baptist 

Church, 50 
Bryan, John, 36, 39 
Bryan, John, Jr., 41, 122 
Bryan, William Jennings, 218, 

Bryant, Stanhope, 95 
Budd, Cecil, 223 
Buffalo Ford, 32, 37, 116, 133, 

Buie, Joe, 150 
Bulla, A. N., 96 
Bulla, Dr. Archibald C, 65 
Bulla, Bolivar B., 44, 47, 124, 

Bulla, Chester, 208 

Bulla , Mr . & Mrs . Frank C . , 207- 

Bulla, James, 44, 
Bulla, James Ruffin, 44, 4-7 
Bulla, Dr. Jefferson D., 202, 

Bulla, Mayme, 208 
Bulla, Miss Nannie, 221, 222 
Bulla, Nell, 208 
Bulla, Thomas, 40 
Bulla, T. Fletcher, 177, 206, 

213, 222 
Bulla, Virginia, 208 
Bulla family, 182 
Bulletin and Randleman News - 

141, 143, 145, 149, 134, 

197, 205, 211-213, 221-222, 

Bumpass, S. D. , 76 
Bunch, W. A. , 143 
Bunch family, 182 
Bunting, Colin, 176 
Burch, L. W., 120 
Burgess, Daniel, 87 
Burgess, Fred R. , 221 
Burgess, John, 38 
Burgess, John C, 76 
Burgess, John H., 103 
Burgess, Oran A., 43, 47 
Burkhead, J. Frank, 221 
Burkhead, Lorenzo Dow, 70, 126 
Burlington Industries, 152, 154, 

168, 169, 170, 184, 241 
Burlington Socks, 168 
Burney, William, 56 
Burneys Mill, 112 
Burney 's Mill Bridge, 199 
Burney Road, 135 
Burns (Byrnes), Alexander, 65 
Burns (Byrnes), Andrew J., 47 
Burns , Barney , 126 
Burns (Byrnes), Enoch, 47, 57, 

Burns, Pvt. M. , 93 
Burns, Marjorie B., 214 
Burns (Byrnes), Thomas, 56 
Burns family, 182 
Burns Carriage & Buggy Works, 

Burns Hotel, 126 
Burris, Murphy, 87 
Burrus, Dr. J. J., 149 
Burrow, Dobson, 66 
Burrows, Jack, 227 
Bush Creek, 88 
Bush Hill (Archdale), 54, 84, 

107, 119, 120, 124 
Bush Hill Academy, 120 
Butler, John, 31 
Butler, William, 31 
Byrd, Senator Harry, 159 

Caddie, Robt. M. , 70 
Caddie family, 183 
Cagle, Pvt. George, 93 


Cagle, John C, 170 

Calah Presbyterian Outpost, 47 

Cambodia, 182 

Cameron, Tura, 204- 

Camp Caraway, 215 

Camp Cedarwood, 231, 236 

Camp Jackson, S. C, 175-176 

Camp Mackall (Hoffman, N.C.), 180 

Camp Sevier, S.C., 175 

Campbell, J. E. , 100 

Campbell, Laughlin, 24 

Cancer Society, 226 

Cane Creek Friends Meeting, 26, 

Cape Fear River, 9, 24 
Cape Fear road, 24, 25 
Cape Fear & Yadkin Valley 

Railroad, 103, 111, 133, 157, 

Capel, A. W. E. , 103 
Capitol Theater (Asheboro) , 232 
CAR Drugs, 190 
Caraway, 54, 72 
Caraway Creek, 14, 22, 26, 108, 

131, 199 
Caraway Furniture Mf g . , 170 
Caraway Library, 57 
Caraway Mountain, 24, 25, 131 
Caraway Race Track, 227 
Caraway School, 205 
Caraway Wesleyan Methodist 

Church, 54 
Carolina Power & Light Co . , 146-147 
Carolina Prophyllite Mining Co., 159 
Carr, 0. ¥., 85, 118, 192 
Carter, H. B., 103 
Carter, Ruth, 16 
Carter, William, 58 
Carteret, John, Earl Granville, 

23, 74 
Caruthers, E. W. , 37 
Carver College (Asheboro), 213, 

Caswell, Richard, 34, 39, 66 
Catawba Indians , 15 
Caudle, J. H., 96 
Caudle family, 123 
Causey, Joseph, 65 
Causey family, ]83 
Cavaniss, Cpl. J. F. , 93 
Cavaniss, Pvt. W. J., 93 
Caveness, John M. 97, 98, 151 
Caveness, John M. (Ramseur), 

Caveness, Dr. Robert, L., 98, 

148, 151 
Caviness, Ambrose L. , 180 
Caviness, Annie, 180 
Caviness, James H. , 180 
Caviness, Joseph L. , 180 
Caviness, Levi, 180 
Caviness, Mamie, 180 
Caviness, Nora, 180 
Caviness, Rosa F. , 180 
Caviness, Virginia, 214 
Caviness family, 183 

Cedar Falls, 62, 76, 77, 87, 

100, 101, 105, 107, 111, 113, 

150, 153, 199 
Cedar Falls Baptist Church, 50, 

Cedar Falls Lions Club, 222 
Cedar Falls Mfg. Co., 76, 77, 

100-101, 105, 161, 184 
Cedar Falls Methodist Episcopal 

Church, 100 
Cedar Falls Methodist 

Protestant Church, 100 
Cedar Falls School, 211, 212 
Cedar Grove Township, 129, 131, 

133, 135, 136 
Cedar Square, 131, 132 
Cedar Square Friends Meeting, 50 
Cedar Square School (Liberty), 

Cedar Square School (New Market), 

Center Friends Meeting, 27 
Center School, 211 
Central Carolina Art St Craft 

Show, 220 
Central Falls, 62, 99-100, 105, 

152, 168, 184, 191, 197-198, 

Central Falls Baptist Church, 99 
Central Falls Lions Club, 222 
Central Falls Mfg. Co., 99, 100 
Central Falls Methodist Episcopal 

Church, 99 
Central Falls School, 105, 211 
Central Falls Store, 100 
Central Furniture Co., 170 
Central Gas & Appliance Co . , 192 
Central High School (Asheboro) , 

Central Hotel, 125 
Central Methodist Church, 216 
Central Telephone Co., 148, 243 
Central Telephone Co., Women's 

Assn., 224 
Certified Concrete Co., 191 
Cetwick, Clara, 170 
Cetwick, E. L. , 170 
Cetwick Silk Mills, 170 
Chamness, William, 55 
Champagne Dye Works , 170 
Charlotte School, 211 
Charmeuse Hosiery Mill, 170 
Chatham County, 9, 16, 26, 36, 

45, 62, 64, 72, 82, 93, 180 
Cheek, Paul, 227-228 
Cheeks, 121 

Cheek's Mill Bridge, 199 
Chess Club, 224 
Chip, J. B., 170 
Chrisco, Mr . , 49 
Chrisco family, 137 
Christian Sun , 42, 124 
Christian Union Christian Church, 

Christmas Seals, 226 
Chrysanthemum Shows , 222-223 

Church, H. F. , 120 

Church of God, Asheboro, 215 

Church of Jesus Christ of the 

Latter Day Saints, 215 
Church of the Nazarene, 215 
Church Women United of Randolph, 

Churchill, The Rev. Orrin, 84 
Civil Air Patrol, 196 
Civil Rights Acts of 1965, 128- 

Civil Preparedness Office, 140 
Civilian Conservation Corps, 

Clapp, John, 94 
Clark, John, 40 
Clark, JohnW., 86, 146, 150 
Clark, Joseph, 118 
Clark, Walter, 85, 86 
Clark, William, 43, 55, 70, 76, 

80, 121 
Climax, 103, HI, 133, 149 
Clodfelter, Guy, 227 
Clodfelter family, 138 
Cloverleaf Farm Country Ham, 191 
Coble, Daniel, 47 
Coca-Cola Bottling Co . , 191 
Cocke, William, 40 
Coe, John, 55 
Coffin, Abel, 72 

Coffin, Addison, 72 

Coffin, B. F., 76 

Coffin, Elisha, 56, 76, 77, 78, 

Coffin, Emory, 76 
Coffin, John M. , 76, 78, 101 
Coffin, Levi, 73 
Coffin, Oscar Jackson, 182-183, 

Coffin, Vestal, 73 
Coffin family, 183 
Coffin & Clark, UU 
Coffin & Scarboro, 190 
Coffin's Mills, 77 
Coggins, Miss A., 103 
Coggins, Miss Elizabeth, 103 
Cole, J. E., 148 
Cole, James A. , 97 
Cole, Waymon, 224 
Cole, William, 38, 39 
Cole family, 137 
Coleman, Edward R. , 159 
Coleman Gas Plants, 147 
Coleman Hunting Lodge, 159 
Coleridge, 59, 97-98, 104, 106, 

137, US, 151, 205, 209, 215, 

Coleridge Horse Show, 231 
Coleridge Hotel, 98 
Coleridge Lions Club, 222 
Coleridge No. 1 School, 211 
Coleridge No. 2 School, 211 
Coleridge Power Plant, 148 
Coleridge School, 98, 205, 209, 



Coleridge Telephone Exchange, 148 
Coleridge Tounship, 131, 135-137 
Coleridge Volunteer Fire Dept., 

Cole's Ridge, 97 
Collett, E. , 118 
Collet (Map), 25 
Collier, John, 36, 38, 39, 66 
Collins, John, 59 
Color Chip Corp., 170 
Colton, Peter, 70 
Col ton, Dr. Simeon, 47, 4.8, 50, 

56, 63, 64, 66, 75 
Colton, Mrs. Simeon, 56, 70 
Coltran, David, 38 
Coltrane, A. B., 203 
Coltrane, Daniel Branson, 86 
Coltrane, David, 76 
Coltrane family, 138, 182 
Coltrane' s Mill, 45, 199 
Capt. Coltrain's Muster Ground, 

Columbia (village of) , 103-104 
Columbia Mfg. Co., 76, 103, 104, 

106, 150, 154, 180, 184 
Columbia No. 1 School, 211 
Columbia No. 2 School, 211 
Columbia Township, 103, 129, 131, 

Comer Machinery Co. , 151 
Commissioners (Randolph County), 

4, 139-142, 199, 268-269 
Commonwealth Hosiery Mills, 152, 

Company K, 30th Division, 175- 

177, 277 
Community Concerts, 218 
Concord Methodist Church, 

Coleridge, 98 
Concord No. 1 School, 211 
Concord No. 2 School, 211 
Concord Township, 129, 131, 133- 

Cone Mills, 154 
Confederate Monument, 141 
Confederate Veterans, Ramseur, 91 
Continental Congress, 38 
Contract Steel Sales, Inc., 159 
Cooper, A. J. , 159 
Cooper, Mrs. F. , 70 
Cooper, Jeremiah, 55, 57 
Copeland & Marsh Store, 103 
Copeland, James, 33 
Corn Clubs, 139, 184 
Cornelison, C. H., 159 
Cornelison, D. A. , 159 
Cornwallis, Lord Charles, 35, 36 
Cortner, George, 39 
Cosmetologists Assn. , 224 
Cosand, Edwin D. , 43 
Council, John T., 156 
Country Life 124 
County Hcue, 139 

( see also Poor) 
County Manager, 141-142 
Court Houses, 39-40, 46, 126, 139- 

140, 178 

Courier Tribune , 103, 124, 204, 

Covington, Aubrey, 87 
Cowan, Edward, 24 
Coward, J. Gurney, 151 
Coward family, 182 
Cox, Arthur, 184 
Cox, Ben j amen, 41, 56 
Cox, Pvt. G. W., 93 
Cox, Harmon, 32, 33, 39, 56 
Cox, Herman, 24 
Cox, Isaac, 38 
Cox, Col. J. D., 81 
Cox, J. V., 159 
Cox, Jesse, 55 
Cox, John C, 113 
Cox, Joshua, 76 
Cox, Joshua, Jr., 55 
Cox, Kirby D. , 148 
Cox, Levi, 87 
Cox, Marshall R. , 159 
Cox, Michael, 57, 76 
Cox, Nathan, 59, 116 
Cox, Nathan M. , 76 
Cox, Nathaniel, 41 
Cox, Nathaniel Bridge, 199 
Cox, 0. R. , 95, 100, 124, 162 
Cox, Preston, 151 
Cox, Ralph, 184 
Cox, Rebecca, 70 
Cox, Reuben, 56 
Cox, Robert, 44 
Cox, Roy, 124, 164, 177 
Cox, Thomas, 56 
Cox, Thomas (of Win.), 56 
Cox, Tom A. , 113 
Cox, William, 76 
Cox family, 31, 182 
Capt. Cox's, 57, 75 
James Cox's Store, 57 
Cox's Mill, 25, 34, 37, 91 
Cox Power Plant, 152 
Craf ford's Path, 25, 133 
Cranford, Charles L, 162 
Cranford, Chisholm C. , 162, 171, 

221, 222 
Cranford, Edward H. , 162 
Cranford, J. L. , 204 
Cranford, John, 221 
Cranford, McLaurin, 170 
Cranford, N. L. , 204 
Cranford, Samuel D. , Jr., 162 
Cranford, Seth, 56 
Cranford family, 183 
Cranford Furniture Co . , 162 
Cranford Industries , 162 
Cranford 's Muster Ground, 57 
Craven, Alton W., Sr. , 180 
Craven, Braxton, 43, 56-57, 59-60, 

85-86, 94-95, 115-117, 123, 

Craven, Charles, 202 
Craven, Daniel, 38 
Craven, Henry, 38 
Craven, Henry, 103 
Craven, I. Fletcher, 180 
Craven, Dr. J. L. , 118 

Craven, John, 66, 78 

Craven, John A., 43, 50 

Craven, Joshua, 40, 55, 66 

Craven family, 31, 137 

Craven & McCain Store , 43 

Crawford, William, 40 

Crawford Knitting Co . , 170 

Creasman, Pvt. J. , 93 

Credit Bureau, 223 

Crocker, James T., 124, 126 

Croft, Bob E., 223 

Cromartie, V. K. , 4 

Crooks , Adam, 52 

Cross Creek, 24, 39 

Cross Roads ( Johnstonville) , 24, 

35, 36, 39, 40 
Crossroads School (Liberty), 56 
Crossroads School (Richland) , 211 
Crowell, Dr. John Franklin, 117, 

Crown Bottling Co . , 191 
Crown Milling Co . , 162 
Crowson, A. S. , 46, 126 
Crowson, E. J., 46 
Crutchfield, J. J., 103 
Crutchfield, James Henry, 181 
Culler, Louise, 220 
Cullom, Prof. A. N., 221 
Cullom, E. Mcintosh, 221 
Cullom School of Music, 221 
Curtis, Mrs., 44 
Curtis, A. W. , 148 
Curtis, Benjamin, 38 
Curtis, G. W., 148 
Curtis, John, 38 
Curtis, Samuel, 33 
Curtis, Sarah, 74 
Curtis, Thomas, 38 
Curtis, W. M., 100 
Curtis Mill Bridge, 199 
Curtis Theater, 157 
Curtis JN4D Biplane, 195 
Cushion Knit Corp., 170 

"Dainty Biscuit" Flour, 150 
Dairymen ' s Club , 224 
Daughters of the American 

Revolution, 223 
Davenport, Miss, 121 
Davidson County, 44, 52, 64, 82, 

Davis, Enoch, 39 
Davis, Sgt. J. C, 93 
Davis, Jesse, 58 
Davis, Lindsey, 58 
Davis, Mae, 148 
Davis family, 182 
Davis Guards, 85, 93 
Davis Mountain School, 211 
Deal, R. P. , 152 
Dean, Wesly, 57 
Deaton Lumber Co., 158 
Deaton Novelty Works , 158 
Deaton Pharmacy, 190 
Deep River, 9, 16, 25, 26, 32-37, 

76-78, 87, 88, 94, 99, 102, 

106, 121, 123, 131, 133-135, 


150, 159, 184, 185, 199 
Deep River Dyeing Co., 243 
Deep River Masonic Lodge, AF & 

AM 164, 45 
Deep River Mfg. Co. 1850-1879, 

(Ramseur), 76, 103 
Deep River Mills (Randleman), 

152, 184 
Delisle, Jane L. , 4 
Delk, Charles, 184 
Delta Kappa Gamma, 224 
Dennis, William, 121 
Dennis family, 138 
Denton Telephone Exchange, 149 
Dependable Hosiery Mill, 158, 185 
Detachment I, 1131st Signal Co., 

Dick, Robert P. , 44 
Dick, William, 157 
Dicks, James, 55, 57, 76, 79, 95 
Dicks, Nancy Coltrane, 95 
Dicks, Peter, 44, 121 
Dicks, Robert P., 95, 154, 156 
Dicks Mill, 76, 79, 155, 156 
Dickson, Mathew L. , 47 
Diffee, Alfred M. , 94, 99, 126 
Diffee, John, 55 
Diffy, William, 38 
"Dinner on the Grounds", 215 
Disabled American Veterans, 223 
Dix (Dies), William, 38 
Dixie Furniture Co., 162 
Dixie Yarns, Cedar Falls, 76, 184 
Dixon, Ben F. , Sr., 175 
Dixon, Capt. Ben F. , Jr., 175- 

Dixon, John, 151 
"Doctor Mendenhall's Pills", 42 
Dombrowski, Edward, 170 
Donaldson, Thomas, 33 
Dorian Hosiery, Inc., 170 
Dorsett, Henry, 56, 73 
Dorsett, John, 47 
Dorsett, Joseph G. , 118 
Dorsett, Marsh, 56 
Dorsett, Will, 113 
Dorsett family, 182 
Dougan ( Duggan ) , Harvey A . , 207 
Dougan (Duggan), Sgt. T. H., 93 
Dougan, Thomas, 35, 36, 38, 39, 

Dougan, William, 57 
Dove, Dunk, 150 
Dove, Tracy, 150 
Dove family, 183 
Dove, Pritchard & Co., 99 
Downing, John, 38 
Drake, J. M. A., 44, 47, 70, 71 
Drake, Meggie, 70 
Dreamland Mattress Co., 167, 184 
Duke, Washington, 117 
Duke University Archives, 4 
Duke Power Co. , 147 
Dulcimer, 23 
Dunbar, John, 70 
Dunbars Bridge, 199 
Duncan, Asenath M. , 74 

Duncan, Charles, 66 
Duncan, Robert, 35 
Dunkers, 27, 33 
Dunlap, C, 118 
Dunn, A. C, 229 
Dunns Crossroads School, 211 
Durham, 94, 117-119 
Duskins, Jeremiah, 55 

Eagles Stores, 190 

"Earth, Fire and Water", 219 

East, John, 190 

East Side Volunteer Fire Dept., 

Easter Seals, 226 
Eastern Randolph American Legion 

Baseball Team, 227 
Eastern Randolph Senior High 

School, 208-210, 212, 229 
Ebenezer Church Library, 57 
Ebenezer Methodist Episcopal 

Church, 57 
Eckerd's Drugs, 190 
Economy Drug Store, 190, 240 
Eden (Randolph Co.), 44 
Edgar, 121, 131 
Education, County Board of, 140- 

141, 219 
Educators, Assn. of, 224 
Elberson, Pvt. J. H. , 93 
Elder, Betty, 58 
Elder, John, 57, 117 
Elder, W. N. , 118 
Eldridge, Rube, 227 
Eleazer, 9, 121 
Eleazer Methodist Episcopal 

Church, 216 
Eleazer School, 211 
Elections, Board of, 141, 240 
Elkins, Bob, 150 
Elliott, Benjamin, 76 
Elliott, Blanche, 204 
Elliott, David, 191 
Elliott, Henry B., 56, 57, 62, 64, 

70, 76, 126 
Elliott, James, 64, 71 
Elliott, Martha, 70 
Elliott, Mary, 40 
Elliott, Samuel, 47 
Elliott, Homey & Co., 77 
Elliott Office Equipment Co., 191 
Elmore, C. E. , I64, 177 
Emerson, James, 33 
Engleworth Cotton Mills, 95 
English, Gilbert, 227 
English, Zeola S., 186 
English family, 119 
Enterprise Bridge, 199 
Enterprise Mfg. Co., 97, 151 
Episcopal Church of the Good 

Shepherd, 215 
Erect, 45, 114 
Erlanger Mills, 152 
Eshelman, A. F. , 119 
Esthonia, 182 
Evangelical and Reformed Church, 


Evans School, 56 

Evergreen , 43 

Eveready Battery Division, 168 

Extension Homemakers Clubs, 186 

Fair Grove School, 211 
Fairmont School, 205, 211 
Fairview Park, 118, 131, 132 
Faith Baptist Church, 214 
Faith Christian School, 214 
Faith Rock, 37 

Fall Festivals, 219, 225, 237 
Fanning, David, 35, 36-38, 122, 

Fanning, Edmund, 30, 31, 32 
Farlow, Isaac, 37 
Far low, James, 55 
Farlow, Michael, 55 
Farlow , Nathan , 16 
Farlow family, 182 
Farm Agent, 139, 185 
Farm Bureau, 185 
Farmer, 114, 229, 199, 221 
Farmer Cornet Band, 221 
Farmer Grange, 185, 230 
Farmer High School, 114, 205, 

206, 209, 211, 229 
Farmer Lions Club, 222 
Farmer Telephone Exchange, 148 
Farmer Volunteer Fire Dept., 144 
Farmers' Alliance, 121, 185, 223 
Farmers' Union, 185, 221, 223 
Farmers Cooperative Exchange (FCX), 

Fayetteville, 24, 47, 62-64, 78, 

101, 119, 137 
Fayetteville & Western Plank Road, 

Fayetteville & Western Rail Road 

Co . , 64 
Fayetteville Street Baptist Church, 

Fayetteville Street School 

(Asheboro), 212 
Federal Building, 78 
Feemster, Pauline Elliott, 148 
Feezor, Walter, 204 
Fennerson, R. B. , 151 
Fentress, Clark, 58, 121 
Fentress, Thomas, 57 
Ferree, A. I., 164 
Ferree, John H., 94-96, 98, 99, 

103, 156 
Ferree, T. S., 124 
Ferree, T. T., 124 
Ferree family, 182 
Fetner, Kate, 221 
Field, Jeremiah, 24 
Fieldcrest Mills, 152 
Fieldcrest Women's Softball Team, 

Fields, John, 24 
Fields, William D. , 70 
Fields family, 31, 138 
Finance Officer, 141-142 
Finch, Bradshaw & Co . . 118 


First Alliance Church, 215 
First Baptist Church, Asheboro, 

First Baptist Church, Trinity, 

First Congregational Church, 

Strieby, 107 
First Methodist Episcopal Church, 

Asheboro, 215 
First National Bank of Randolph 

County, 171, 193, 220 
First Peoples Savings & Loan 

Assn., 193 
Fisher, Basil John, 107, 110, 195 
Fisher, H. C, 118 
Fitzgerald, Morgan, 148 
Fleta Lumber Co., 150 
Flint Hill (Hoyle), 121 
Flint Hill School, 211 
Flint Hill (Caraway) Wesleyan 

Methodist Church, 52, 54 
Floyds, J. M., Bridge, 199 
Folwell, Thomas, 120 
Fontaine, F. A., 151 
Forest Service, 140, 146 
Fork Creek, 137, 138, 157, 199 
Forrester, J. 0., 103, 151 
Forrester, Joe M. , 184 
Fort Fisher, 88 
"43", The Petty Story, 219 
Foster, A. G. , 84 
Foster, Dr. G. A., 148 
Foster, John H. , 76 
Foulkes, Capt. James K. , 85 
Four-H Clubs, 186-137, 231 
Foushee, J. M. , 159 
Foust, A. S., 100 
Foust, Isaac H. , 76, 78, 101, 202 
Foust, Pvt. J., 93 
Foust, V. H., 103 
Foust's Mill, 45, 81, 97 
Fouler, W. P., 231 ' 
Fox, Charles M. , 190 
Fox, Charlesanna L. , 4 
Fox, Dennis B., 221 
Fox, James C. , 227 
Fox, John V. , 227 
Fox, Dr. L. M., 103 
Fox, Maud, 105 
Fox, Dr. W. A., 97 
Fox family, 137, 182 
Fox, C. P. Saw Mill, 159 
Fox Professional Drug Co., 190 
Fox-Richardson Drug Co. , 190 
Franklinville (Franklinsville) , 4,37, 45 

56, 62, 76-78, 79, 81,86, 88, 101- 

102, 107, 111, 113, 143, 147, 

150, 151, 153, 178, 184, 199, 

Franklinsville Baptist Church, 101 
Franklinville Bridge, 113, 119 
Franklinville Fire Dept., 144, 146 
Franklinville Lions Club, 222 
Franklinsville Mfg. Co., 76-77, 

101, 106 
Franklinsville Methodist 

Episcopal Church, 101 

Franklinville No. 1 School, 211 
Franklinville Police Dept. , 144 
Franklinville Riverside Band, 150 
Franklinville School, 101, 206, 

209, 211 
Franklinville Town Hall, 143 
Franklinville Township, 129, 131, 

Franklinville Water Supply, 144 
Fraser's Mill, 25 
Frazer, Alex, 58 
Frazer, Perry, 71 
Frazer, R. W. , 99 
Frazier, Allen M. , 115 
Frazier, C. G. , 159 
Frazier, E. Winston, 120 
Frazier, Ed, 139 
Frazier, E. D. , Bridge, 199 
Frazier, Dr. F. Cicero, 118 
Frazier, J. R. , 120 
Frazier, Jesse, 120 
Frazier, W. R. , 118 
Frazier family, 119 
Frazier, Winston, Harness Shop, 120 
Frazier 's Park (Asheboro), 230 
Frazier 's School, 56 
Free, Solomon, 56 
Freedom Park (Liberty), 230 
Freeman, Mrs. F. , 118 
Freeman, J. L. , 120 
Freeman, John, 150 
Freeman, Liz, 123 
Free's School, 211 
Freeze, E. W., Sr., 152 
Friendship Methodist Episcopal 

Church (Ramseur), 103 
Friendville (Conservative Society 

of Friends), 215 
Frohock, John, 30 
Fruit, Thomas, 57 
Fruit family, 31 
Fuller, E. W., 158 
Fuller, Henry, 55, 70, 71 
Fuller's Ford, 26 
Fuller's Mill Bridge, 113, 199 
Fulp, W. W., 167 
Fuqua , Obediah , 74 
Furgerson, Pvt. L. , 93 
Futrell, Sgt. T. A., 93 

Gallimore, Harold, 187 
Gannaway, W. T., 118, 119 
"Gardener's Story", 219 
Gardner, Dolphin, 56 
Gardner, Shubal, 24, 25, 122 
Gardner Inn, 25, 122 
Garner, Allen, 227 
Garner, C. Roby, 227 
Garner, Frederick, 43 
Garner, James, 39 
Garner, W. C, 149 
Garner family, 182 
Gatekeeper's House, 110 
Gates, General Horatio, 34 
Gatlin, General Richard C, 8 
Gatlin family, 182 

General Electric Co., 168 
General Greene Council 

(Boy Scouts), 222 
Georgia Pacific Corp. , 170 
Geran, Solomon, 36 
Gholson (Goldston) , Thomas, 56 
Gibson, Mrs. Pickett, 90 
Gibson, Sam, 227 
Gibson School, 212 
Giles, Reuben, 55 
Giles, Mary, 116 
Giles, Persis , 116 
Giles, Theresa, 116 
Gill, J. N., 212 
Gilliland, James, 73 
Gilmer, John A. , 44 
Gilmore family, 133 
Girl Scouts, Randleman Senior, 

Glass, Ella, 208 
Glass, John E. , 219 
Glass, Thomas E. , 100 
Glass, W. G., 97 
Glass, William, 219 
Glass, William J., 100 
Glenn, Sampson B. , 64 
Glenola, 121, 131 
Glenola School, 211 
Gluyas , William , 47 
Goins, Cpl. A. J. , 93 
Gold Hill School, 211 
Goldston Concrete Co. (Ramseur), 

Gollihorn , Alpheus , 84 
Gollihorn, William, 81 
Gollihorn Rocks, 88 
Gordon, Pvt. L. D. , 93 
Gorrell, Ralph, 44, 52 
F. Goss Crossroads, 57 
Grace, N. T. , 98 
Granges , 185 
Grant, E. E. , 212 
Grant No. 1 School, 211 
Grant Township, 88, 129, 131, 135, 

Grantville, 121, 223 
Grantville Civitan Club, 222 
Grantville Lions Club, 222 
Gravel Hill School, 211 
Graves, D. Clyde, 168 
Graves, John, 56 
Graves , Mrs . , 118 
Gray, Alexander S., 40, 43, 55, 

64, 66, 72 
Gray, Dr. John A., 101 
Gray, Lou, 208 
Gray, Robert, 76 
Gray, Capt. Robert H., 85 
Gray, Samuel, 55 
Gray, Vicki, 123 
Gray, Capt. William, 35 
Gray's Chapel Lions Club, 222 
Gray's Chapel Methodist 

Episcopal Church, 134 
Gray's Chapel School, 211 
Gray's Chapel Softball Team, 229 
Great Alamance Creek, 31 


Green, John, 76 

Greene, General Nathanael, 34 

Greensboro, 53, 62, 97, 106, 110, 

178, 180 
Greensboro Daily Mews , 156, 180, 

Greensboro-Fayetteville Bus Line, 

194, 199 
Greensboro Historical Museum, 63 
Greensboro Patriot , 121, 125 
Gregson, Amos, 94-, 99 
Gregson, Barney J., 158 
Gregson, Dwight, 158 
Gregson, Joseph, 158 
Gregson Mfg. Co., 157, 158, 185 
Grey, Richard, Hosiery Mill, 168 
Griffin, Prances, 221 
Griffin and Trogdon (Liberty), 121 
Grigg, Barbara Newsom, 4 
Grimes, W. A., Shuttle Block 

Factory, 161 
Groom, Zach, 94 
Guess's Mill, 24 
Guil-Band Fire Dept. , 144, 146 
Guilford College Library, Quaker 

Room, 4 
Guilford County, 9, 16, 29, 31, 

34, 35, 38, 39, 44, 47, 52, 

53, 62, 64, 72, 73, 74, 80, 

93, 97, 102, 106, 107, 120 
Guilford Court House, 38, 135 
Gurney, J. , 151 
Guyer, The Rev. Jacob, 49 

Haddock family, 183 

Hager, Carolyn Neely, 4 

Hale, A. J., 70 

Hale, Mrs. A. J., 70 

Hale, John H. , 55, 57 

Hale, Miss Margaret, 70, 71 

Hall family, 182 

Hall-Knott Stores, 162 

Hamilton, Col., 35 

Hamilton, James, 204 

Hamilton, Ninian, 31 

Hamlet, Anne Talvik, 4 

Hamlet, Carl, 191 

Hamlin, Dr. J. J., 47, 126 

Hamlin, Dr. ¥. A., 47 

Hammer, William C, Sr., 48-49 

Hammer, William C. , Jr., 66, 124, 

125, 148, 178 
Hammer, Minnie Hancock, 124 
Hammer family, 182 
Hammer Village, 194, 

Hammond, J. Hyatt, Associates, 232 
Hammond, Moses, 56, 119, 120 
Hammond family, 182 
Hancock, Pvt. A., 93 
Hancock, Dr. John M. , 85, 91, 126 
Hancock, Nancy J. , 91 
Hancock family, 182 
Hancock's Old Fashion Country Ham, 

Hanks Masonic Lodge, AF & AM, 45, 101 

Hannah, Hattie Wright, 148 

Hannah, John, 24 

Hanner, Dr. John G., 55, 76, 77 

Hanner, K. D. , 96 

Hanner, Robert H. , 47 

Hanner, W. M. , 148 

Hardee, Joseph E. , Sr., 170 

Harden family, 182 

Hardin, C. Harrison, home, 201 

Hardin's School, 211 

Hargrave, Lt. Colonel, 86 

Harmons Road, 23 

Harper, Jeduthan, 40, 117 

Harper, Jesse, 64, 117 

Harrelson Rubber Co., 170 

Harrington, General H. W. , 34 

Harris, Sbenezar, 24 

Harris , Jason C . , 87 

Harris-Teeter Super Market, 192 

Harris, Tyree, 30 

Harris' Meeting House, 28 

Haskett's Creek, 199 

Haw River, 9, 14, 26 

Hawkins, John, 34 

Hawkins, Joseph, 32 

Hawkins, Maj., 32 

Hawkins, Warren, 227 

Capt. Hawkins Muster Ground, 57 

Haworth, Eli, 119, 120 

Haworth family, 119, 182 

Hayes, John, 24 

Hayes, Thomas, 113 

Hayes, Zorada, 113 

Hayes, John, 103 

Hayworth, Dr. Claude A., 195 

Hayworth, J. M. , 120 

Hayworth, Dr. M. M. , 101 

Hayworth, Stephen L. , 174 

Health Associations, 224 

Health Department, 139-141, 236 

Health Officer, 139 

Heart Fund, 226 

Heath Cigarette & Music Service, 

Heath, Pvt. J. W. , 93 
Hedgecock Builders, Inc., 161, 184 
Hedrick, Edward L. , 177 
Heilig, Pvt. John, 93 
Helper, Hinton, 52 
Henderson, Charles, 210 
Henderson, Ed, 210 
Henderson, J. Van, 210 
Henderson, John, 210 
Hendricks, T. M. , 120 
Hendricks, G. G. , 124, 162, 173, 

Hendricks, Thomas A., 76 
Hendricks family, 182 
Henley, D. V., 70 
Henley, Frederick, 70 
Henley (Hendley), Jesse, 40 
Henley, Mica j ah, 28 
Henley family, 

Henly, John, 55 

Henly, M. , 118 

Henly, Nixon, 55 

Henly' s Mill, 57 

Henly 's Mill Bridge, 199 

Hensley, Mrs., 118 

Hepler family, 183 

Heroes of America, 8^. 

Herring, Harriet I., 105 

Hickory Grove School, 211 

Hicks, Joe, 159 

Hicks, Pvt. John, 93 

High Pine School, 211 

High Point, 47, 62, 97, 106, 111, 

113, 120, 131, 152 
High Point, Randleman & Asheboro 

Railroad, 120 
Hill, Aaron, 41 
Hill, Arthur, 135 
Hill, John C, 81 
Hill, Jordon, 184 
Hill, Micajah, Sen., 56 
Hill, Nathan B., 70, 80 
Hill, Priscilla, 204 
Hill, Riley, 87 
Hill, Samuel, 56, 76, 80 
Hill, Samuel W., 87 
Hill, Saul, 184 
Hill, Pvt. Sion, 93 
Hill, Walter, 204 
Hillsborough, 24, 31, 33, 37, 39 
Hill's Store, 135 
Hillside Shopping Center, 194, 

Hillsville, 187 

Hindenburg Line, France, 175-176 
Hinds (Hines), John, 3b, 38, 39, 

Hinds, Joseph, 39 
Hinshaw, Allie B., 221 . 
Hinshaw, Jesse, 42, 65, 72, 80, 

Hinshaw, Jesse G. , 55, 79, 80 
Hinshaw, Mary Edith Woody, 221 
Hinshaw, Roosevelt, 168, 194 
Hinshaw, Seth B., 221 
Hinshaw , William , Sr . , 76 
Hinshaw family, 182 
Hinshaw Airport, 168 
Hinshaw, J. M., Bridge, 199 
Hinshaw home, New Salem, 123 
Hinshaw Hosiery Mills f 168 
Hinshaw & Pugh, New Salem, 44 
Hix, Brazil K. , 73 
Hobson, Silas, 103 
Hockett family, 138 
Hodgin, Jabez, 76 
Hodgin, Thomas, 55 
Hoff, William, 232 
Hogan, Mr. , 56 
Hogan Chair Co . , 158 
Hoggatt( Hockett), John, 119 
Holden, W. W., 83, 94 
Holladay, A. W. Store, 159 
Holland, Dwight M. , 4, 219 
Holly Spring, 138 

Holly Spring Friends Meeting, 26, 30, 51 
Holmes, General Theo H., 89 
Holshouser, James E. , 232 
Holt, D. W., and Co., 191 


Holton, Dr. Alfred, 103 
Home Building Material Co., 161, 200 
Home Demonstration Agent, 139 
Home Demonstration Clubs Curb 

Market, 188 
Homes , William, 24. 
Hooker, Robert, 33 
Hooker family, 182 
Hoover, Andrew, 17, 79 
Hoover, Benjamin F. , 4.6, £7, 71 
Hoover, C. C. , 184 
Hoover, Fannie, 208 
Hoover, George, 57, 58 
Hoover , Jacob , 17 , 4.0 
Hoover, Joseph, 55 
Hoover, Lewis , 208 
Hoover, Minnie, 14.0 
Hoover, Nancy, 4.7 
Hoover, Tom, 126 
Hoover, Mrs. , 70 
Hoover family, 182 
Hoover Hill Gold Mine, 75, 107- 

Hoover Street Store, Asheboro, 

Hopewell Methodist Episcopal 

Church, 117, 119 
Hopewell School, 211 
Hopper, Charles, 38 
Hopper's Foard, 98 
Hornaday, D. M. , 121 
Hornaday, J. A., 14-8 
Hornaday, S. M. , 121 
Hornaday, F. D. , Abbatoir, 159 
Horney, Alexander S., 56, 70, 76, 

Horney, Philip, 76 
Howard family, 182 
Howell, Eednap, 30, 31, 32 
Hubbard, Dr. C. C, 136 
Hubbard, Mrs. Frances Porter, 126 
Hubbard family, 182 
Hudson-Belk Dept. Store, 162, 191 
Huffman, Joseph, 118 
Hughes, Verda, 221 
Hughes, Dr. Isaac W. , 90 
Hughes family, 182 
Humble, Neudie, 222 
Hundley, Charles, 113 
Hunt, Adam, 167 
Hunt, James P. , 233 
Hunt, Joseph, 72 
Hunt, Nathan, 92 
Hunt family, 119 
Hunter , Andrew , 37 
Hunter, James, 24., 31, 32, 39 
Hunter, Mary Walker, 32 
Hunter, Neely, 227 
Hunter, T. A. , 152 
Hunter, William, 39 
Husband, Amy Allen, 31, 32 
Husband, Ann Pugh, 31 
Husband, Herman, 2L, 30, 31, 32 
Husband's Mill, 25 
Hutson's Muster Ground, 57 

Indian John, XL 

Indian Trading Path, L4, 15, 16, 
2L, 25, 32, 39, 121, 131, 133 
Indiana, 73, 74-, 119, 121 
Indians , 14.-15 , 16 
Industrial Park, 170, 213 
Influenza Epidemic, 176-177 
Ingold, Pvt. A. M.j 93 
Ingold, Addle, 121 
Ingold, Jack, 121 
Ingold, Joel, 43 
Ingold Hotel, 97 
Ingole (Ingold) & Co., 4-4 
Ingram, John, 55 
Ingram, Laura, 195 
Ingram, Mattie , 204- 
Ingram , Peter , 24- 
Irish Quakers, 92 
Iron Mountain, 88 
Isaacs, Colonel Elijah, 37 
Island Ford, 33, 76, 78, 101, 199 
Island Ford Mfg. Co., 76, 73 
Insurance Women, Assn. of, 224. 

J & G Panels, 170 

JRA Industries, 170 

Jack & Jill Kindergarten, 214. 

Jackson, Andrew, 4-0, 4.1 

Jackson, David, 37 

Jackson, Dempsey, 57 

Jackson, J. J., 4-4, 4-5, 83, 91 

Jackson, Mrs. , 70 

Jackson Creek, 121, 135 

Jackson Creek Bridge, 112 

Jackson Creek Telephone Exchange, 

Jackson School, 56, 58 

Jail, 139-14-1 

Jar r ell, Cassandra, 182 

Jarrell, Manleff, 121 

Jarrell family, 183 

Jarrett, Isaac, 30 

Jay, Allen, 92 

Jaycettes , 224. 

Jeanes Fund, 212 

Jefferson Medical College, Phila- 
delphia, LL 

Jehovah's Witnesses, Seagrove, 215 

Jenkins, A. W., 98 

Jennings, Alson G. , 100 

Jennings , James , 100 

Jennings, Tom, 150 

Jennings family, 182 

Jester, Anne Thompson, 221 

John W. Clark Public Library, 14-6 

John Wesley's Stand, 216 

Johnson , Blanche , 113 

Johnson , D . W . C . , 4-4 

Johnson, J. H. , 124. 

Johnson, J. W. , 156 

Johnson, James Randolph, 61 

Johnson, Joseph, 117 

Johns on , Lemuel , 118 

Johnson, M. E. , 14-6, 133 

Johnson , Paul , 221 

Johnson, Sarah Needham, 60-61 

Johnson, T. A., 153 

Johnson, T. A., Jr. , 153 

Johnson, Troy, 204- 

Johnson, Val, 204- 

Johnson, Capt. Y. Mcm. , 35, 37, 

93, 103 
Johnson Lumber Co., 158 
Johnson Service Station, 178 
Johnson, General Joseph E., 84., 

Johnstonville (Cross Roads), 24., 25, 

34-, 39 -U0, L3, 122, 137 
Jones, Pvt. C. C, 93 
Jones, Caleb, 235 
Jones, Elizabeth Scotton, 212 
Jones, Jerry, 219 
Jones, W. W. and Sons Dept. Store, 

165, 190 
Jordan, Dr. Henry, 181, 134- 
Jordan, Thomas A., 170 
Jordan Spinning Co . , 184- 
Julian, C. S., 113 
Julian, Clarence, 184. 
Julian, George, 38 
Julian, Howgil, 55, 57, 65, 123 
Julian, Peter, 55 
Julian, William R. , 101 
Julian family, 31 
Julian, L4-, 24-, 111, 133, U9, 

13L, 206, 210 
Julian Railroad Station, 133 
Julian School, 211 
Julian Volunteer Fire Dept., L44- 
Julians School, 211 
Julien (Julian), Peter S. , 70 
Jung Products, Inc., 168, 170 
Junior Chamber of Commerce, 233, 

Junior Order of the United 

American Mechanics (J0UAM), 223 

Kalb, Johann de, Baron (General), 

Karel Company, 170 
Kearns, Allen, 55 
Kearns , Claude , 136 
Kearns , Emery , 126 
Kearns, Isaac, 55, 56, 57 
Kearns, Louise C. , 186 
Kearns , Lyde , 204- 
Kearns family, 182 
Kearns Service Drugs, 190 
Kearns, William, Bridge, 199 
Keeauwee Old Town, 16 
Keeran, Silas, 70, 71 
Kellwood Co., 158 
Kenney, Pvt. J. M. , 93 
Keyauwee Indians, 14-, 16 
Key, John, 26 
Keystone Mfg. Co., 170 
Kidd Furniture Mfg., Inc., 170 
Kildee School, 211 
"Killers Three", 219 
Kime, David, 76 
Kimrey, Grace Saunders, 221 
King, Boling, 56 
King, C. Henry, 221 


King, Francis T. , 92 

King, Rufus, 119 

King, Vernon, 160 

King, William, 70 

Kinner Bird (airplane), 195 

Kinro Industries, 158 

Kinsey, Mrs., 118 

Kirby, Ed, 192 

Kirk, John R. , 115 

Kirkman Concrete Women's Softball 

Team, 228 
Kirnes, Isaac, 24 
Kivett, Auman (Bunjer), 182 
Kivett (Kivet), David, 76 
Kivett, Harold, 227 
Kivett (Kivet), Henry, 55, 76, 

77, 78 
Kivett, James, 177 
Kivett, John A., 76, 77 
Kivett, Vance, 177 
Kivett, Capt. Warren B., 85 
Kivett family, 31, 182 
Kivett, Rez, Milling Co., 158 
Kiwanis Park (Asheboro), 230 
Klipfel, Judy, 223 
Klopman Division-see Burlington 

Knight, Capt. John, 36 
Knight, Solomon, 4-1 
Knight, Thomas, 41 
Knights of Pythias, 121, 223 
Korean War, 181-182 
Kratex, Inc., 170 
Kyle, Capt. Jesse W. , 85 
Kyle, 1st Lt. W. D. , 85, 93 

Lail, Jack, 160 

Lamb, Cora, 208 

Lamb, Capt. George V., 85, 93 

Lamb, Isaac, 46, 47 

Lamb, Miles, 121 

Lamb, Mordecai, 58 

Lamb, Cpl. N. E. , 93 

Lamb, Pvt. W. H. H. , 93 

Lamb family, 138 

Lambert, Daniel, 97 

Lambert, J. I., 151 

Lambert family, 182 

Lamberts School, 211 

Land, James, 70 

Lane, Cathy Cranford, 238 

Lane, Garret, 56 

Lane, John, 41 

Lane (Lain), Joseph, 39 

Lane, Tidance, 24, 56, 57, 73, 

Lane, Dr. William B., 44, 47, 50, 

55, 57, 65 
Lane, W. F. , 103 
Lassiter, Dora, 204 
Lassiter, Floyd, 204 
Lassiter, Micajah, 201 
Lassiter, Rufus, 204 
Lassiter, S. T. , 204 
Lassiter, E Si J, 43 
Lassiter' s Mill, 107, 136 

Lassiter's Mill Bridge, 199 
Latham, John, 39 
Latvia, 182 
Laughlin, James, 55 
Laughlin, Seth W., 222 
Laughlin, T. L. , 154 
Laughlin, William, 52 
Laughlin Full Fashioned Hosiery 

Mills, 154 
Laurence, Enoch S., 46 
Lawrence, Jesse, 47, 66 
Lawrence, W. H., 97 
Lawson, John, 14 
Lawyer's Row, 140 
Lax, Robert, 39 
Leach, Cornelia, 118 
Leach, Hugh, 117, 118 
Leach, Pvt. J. A., 93 
Leach, James H. , 118 
Leach, James Madison, 44, 66, 83 
Leach, John, 56, 117 
Leach, Julian E., 55 
Leach, Lewis M. , 118 
Leach, William, 117 
Lederer, John, 14 
Lenas Grove School, 211 
Lester's Learners, 214 
Letterlough, Reuben, 122 
Level Cross, 121, 138 
Level Cross Methodist Protestant 

Church, 138 
Level Cross School, 211 
Level Cross Township, 131, 137 
Level Cross Volunteer Fire Dept., 

Lewallen, Clarence, 220 
Lewallen, William K., 191 
Leward Cotton Mills, 152 
Lewis, A. E. , 148 
Lewis, Carlyle, 208 
Lewis, Dorsey, 184 
Lewis, John Stanback, 152, 174 
Lewis, Jonathan, 123 
Liberty, 62, 111, 112, 121, 124, 
142, 143, 144, 146, 157-159, 
178, 184, 190, 217, 218 
Liberty Academy, 157 
Liberty Bonds , 176 
Liberty Brick Co., 158 
Liberty Broom Works, 158 
Liberty Chair Co., 147, 157 
Liberty Christian Church, 158 
Liberty Drug Store, 190 
Liberty Fire Dept . , 144 , 146 
Liberty Fires (1888, 1895), 157 
Liberty Furniture Co., 157, 184 
Liberty Grove Baptist Church, 119 
Liberty High School, 205, 206, 

209, 210, 211 
Liberty Hosiery Mill, 158 
Liberty Lions Club, 222 
Liberty Mercantile Co., 158 
Liberty Milling Co., 158 
Liberty Ministerial Assn. , 215 
Liberty No. 1 School, 211 
Liberty Normal College, 157 
Liberty Parks and Recreation 

Dept., 146, 230 
Liberty Picker-Stick and Novelty 

Co., 157 
Liberty Police Dept., 144 
Liberty Public Library, 146 
Liberty Public School, 157, 211 
Liberty Railroad Station, 112 
Liberty Rotary Club, 222 
Liberty Ruritan Club, 222 
Liberty Saw Mill, Inc., 158, 1S5 
Liberty Telephone Co., 148 
Liberty Town Hall, 142-143 
Liberty Town Offices 4 
Liberty Township, 66, 129, 131, 

Liberty Veneer Co., 158 
Liberty Water Supply, 143-144 
Librarian, County, 139 
Library, County, 139-141 
Library, County Board, 139 
Licensed Practical Nurses Assn., 

Linda Hosiery Mills, 170 
Linderman, Henry, 38 
Linderman family, 31 
Lindley, Aron, 72 
Lindley, Walter W., 228 
Lindley Athletic Field, 228 
Lindley Park Elementary School 

(Asheboro), 212 
Lineberry, B. L., 118, 119 
Lineberry, Elwood, 121 
Lineberry, Samuel, 55, 121 
Lineberry, W. H. , 84-85 
Lineberry, Capt. W. S., 85 
Lineberry family, 182 
Lineberry, 121 
Linthicum, Z. I., 120 
Li tie, Isaac S., 72 
Litle, Jane Y., 72 
Litle, Mary S., 72 
Litle, Robert M. , 72 
Litle, Sally E. , 72 
Litle, Samuel, 72 
Little, Green, 47 
Little, Thomas, 38 
"Little Davie School", 107 
Little League Baseball Teams , 

Little River, 9, 81, 199 
Little River School, 56 
Livestock Assn., 188 
Lockville Electric Power Plant, 

Locust Grove School, 2ir 
Locust Mountain Church, 28 
Loflin, Eck, 204 
Loflin Elementary School 

(Asheboro), 212 
Loflin family, 183 
Lohr, Charlie, 195 
Lohr, Johnny, 195 
London Quakers, 92 
Long, James, 44 
Long, John, 157 
Long, John, Jr., 57, 64, 66 
Long, Mary Alves , 92 


Long, William J., 44, 55, 66 

Long Branch of Back Creek, 143 

Long's Mill, U,, 66 

Loudermilk, Stephen, 56 

Loudermilk, William, 56 

Loughlin family, 183 

Love, Stuart, 170 

Lovett, Clarence J., 176, 177 

Lowdermilk, J. J. , 149 

Lowdermilk, Swanie, 208 

Lowe, Agnes, 208 

Lowe , Carrie , 208 

Lowe, D., 120 

Lowe, George, 208 

Lowe, J., 120 

Lowe, John, 39 

Lowe, Lena, 208 

Lowe, Worth, 186 

Lowe, (Low) family, 31, 182 

Lowe ' s Building Supplies , 191 

Lowe's Grocery Stores, 191 

Lucas, Bethel, 175 

Lucas, Delbert, 175 

Lucas, Lena, 105 

Lucas, W. Clyde, U3, 170 

Lucas, Marian, Bridge, 199 

Luck, C. T., 221 

Luck, Ivey, 160 

Luck family, 137 

Luck ' s Beans , 160 

Luck's Inc. , 160, l6l 

Lueker, Andrew, 4 

Lum, Amelia, 70 

Lu-Ran Classic Furniture, 170 

Luther, Willis, 103, 150 

Lutrell, Col. John, 35 

Lutterloh, Lewis, 57 

Lutterloh family, 183 

Lyceum Series, 218 

Lyndon, Carl, 204 

Lyndon, Walter, 204 

Lytle, Jesse, 47 

McAlister, Alexander C, 84, 85, 

98, 100, 126, 139, 173, 192 
McAlister, C. C, 148, 161 
McAlister, James S. , 95, 98 
McAlister and Morris Store, 126, 

McArthur, J. F. , 159 
McCain, Mrs. Eugenia, 126 
McCain, Fred, 201 
McCain, Hugh, 43, 46, 47, 50, 58, 

76, 77, 78, 199 
McCain, Mrs. Hugh, 50 
McCain, James, 50 
McCanless, Dr. A. L. , 118 
McCaulley (McCulley, John?), 71 
McCay, Spruce, 40 
McColloch, George, 40 
McCollum, Frank, 121 
McCombs, Curt, 229 
Macon, Pvt. Gideon, 93 
Macon, Mettie (Mrs. Walter Lowe), 

Macon, Thomas. 56, 73 

Macon, William, 73 
McCown-Smith Co., 162, 191 
McCoy, Effa Reed, 212 
McCrary, Charles W. , 161, 212, 

McCrary, D. B., 143, 161, 174 
McCrary, J. Frank, 161 
McCrary Eagles, 227, 228 
McCrary Elementary School 

(Asheboro), 212 
McCrary Hosiery Mills, 161 
McCrary Recreation Center, 228- 

McCrary-Redding Building, 148 
McCulloch, Henry Eustace 74 
Macy, Uriah, 121 
McDaniel, R. H. , 191 
McDaniel, Samuel, 55 

McDowell, Ira, 227 

McDowell Live Stock Co., 149 

McGee, Col. John, 27, 35, 55 

McGee, John, Jr. , 27 

McGee, William, 27 

McGee's Ordinary, 24, 25, 35, 133 

McGill, Clarence, 195 

McGill, Tracy E. , 195 

McGill 's Taxi and Bus Co., 199 

McGill 's Textile Workers' Bus 

Line, 195 
McGinn, Jeanette, 243 
McGlohon, John 182 
Mclntyre, Robert Tate, 87 
McKimmon, Mrs. Jane, 139, 184 
McLane, Capt. Robert, 35 
McLauchlin, Joseph, 103 
McLaurin, Pvt. A. L. , 93 
McLean, Joel, 62 
McLean, Robert , 40 
McMaster, David, 36 
McMasters, Betty, 208 
McMasters, Elisha, 57 
McMasters, Emma C, 101 
McMasters, Lewis, 70, 71 
McMasters, Mary, 70 
McMasters, Simeon, 57 
McMasters, William, 55 
McMasters, Bruce, Furniture Co., 

M'Masters, William, Chapel (1790), 

McNeill, George, 47, 66 
McNeill, Margaretta (Mrs. 

George) , 50 
Makepeace, George H. , 76, 100, 


M & D Hosiery Co. , 170 

Maner, Billy, 150 
Maner. Mack. 150 
Mann Drug Stores, 190 

Manor House Fashions, 158 

Manufacturing Company of the 

County of Randolph, 76 

Manumission Society, 72, 120 

Maple Spring School, 211 

Marion, Col. Francis, 34 

Marietta Lodge, No. 444, AF & 

AM, 103 

Marlborough Friends Meeting, 27, 

Marlboro School, 211 
Marley, Mary, 213 
Marley, Thomas, 56 
Marley, Vaughn C., 151 
Marley, W. E. , 151 
Marley, W. H., 151 
Marley family, 183 
Marley, A. C, Chair Co., 159 
Marley T s School, 211 
Mar-Mac Hosiery Mills , 170 
Marmon, Benjamin, 121 
Marsh, Alfred H., 45, 46, 58, 76, 

Marsh, Mrs. Alfred H. (Sarah), 70 
Marsh, J. C, 103 
Marsh, N. F. , 190 
Marsh, Ruby Kenan, 221 
Marsh, William P., 79 
Marsh, Elliott & Co., 43 
Marshall, Daniel, 26 
Martha, 121 
Martin, Alan R. , 148 
Martin, Alexander, 34 
Martin, J. A. , 150 
Martin, James, 24 
Martin, Josiah, 33 
Mary Antoinette Mills, 96, 152, 

Mast Meeting House, 28 
Matear, Robert, 33 
Matthews, Walter F. , 190 
Maud, 118, 121 
Mead, William Ernest, 107 
Means, J. R. , 118 
Mebane , Giles , 83 
Mechanic , 121 
Medical Society, 224 
Medicine Shoppe, 190 
Melanchthon Lutheran Church, 50, 

Melanchton School, 211 
Melancton, 121 
Melton, J. B., 103 
Memorial Hospital, 107, 110 
Memorial Park, 230 
Mendenhall, Elisha, 39, 45 
Mendenhall, George C. , 44, 52 
Mendenhall, J. Ed, 177, 222 
Mendenhall, Jeremiah, 56 
Mendenhall, Minerva, 76 
Mendenhall, William P. , 44 
Mendenhall family, 119 
Mental Health Assn., 226 
Mental Health Center, 140-141 
Mercer, Forrester, 33 
Merrell, Benjamin, 33 
Merrell, Daniel, 36 
Merrell, William, 39 
Messer, Capt., 33 
Mexican Border Campaign, 175, 

Michfield, 121, 200 
Middleton Academy, 56, 101 
Mid-State Coin Club, 224 
Mid-State Farms, 159 


Mid-State Paper Box Co., 168 

Mid-State Plastics, 160 

Mileposts, 63 

Milks, L. E. , 170 

Mill Creek, 199 

Mill Creek Bridge, 112 

Millboro, 62, 96, 111, 112, 113, 

203, 217-213 
Millboro School, 211 
Miller, B. F. , 118 
Miller, Blanche, 148, 204 
Miller, George R. , 120 
Miller, Grady, 150 
Miller, Hamon, 39, 60 
Miller, Ivey, 208 
Miller, John, 55, 76, 77, 78 
Miller, Mittie, 208 
Miller, Riley, 120 
Miller, Misses F. & R. & M. , 

Miller's Mill, 132 
Millers School, 211 
Millikan, J. M. , 124 
Millikan, J. T., 97 
Millikan, Samuel, 40 
Millikan, William, 37, 39, 117, 

Millikan family, 182 
Millikan' s Country Sausage, 191 
Millis, J. H., 99 
Mills, L. Barron, Jr., 4, 221 
Millsaps, Ewing S. , 185 
''Miss Randolph Pageant", 223, 

Mister Jeans, Inc., 154 
Mitchell, John, 135 
Moffit, Adam, 24 
Moffitt, Benjamin, 47, 101, 126 
Moffitt, Charles, 56 
Moffitt, David, 56 
Moffitt, E. A., 97, 125, 161, 

Moffitt, Eli N., 101 
Moffitt, Elijah, H8 
Moffitt, Elvira (Worth), 

(Jackson), (Walker), 91 
Moffitt, Floyd, 202 
Moffitt, John T., 148 
Moffitt, Joseph T., 135, 221 
Moffitt, Sgt. M. H., 95 
Moffitt, R. S., 56 
Moffitt, Samuel, 66 
Moffitt, Thos. C, 50, 73 
Moffitt, William B., 47 
Moffitt family, 31, 183 
Moffitt, E. A., Store, 162 
Moffitt' s Mills Bridge, 112, 199 
Mohasco Industries, 157 
Montgomery, James Patterson, 157 
Montgomery County, 52, 72, 73, 

82, 93, 121 
Moonlight Schools , 205 
Moore, H. B. , 148 
Moore , John , Sr . , 39 
Moore, Joseph, 92 
Moore, King, 191 
Moore, Richard E. , 170 

Moore, Thomas M. , 47 

Moore, Dr. W. J. , 202 

Moore, Mrs. W. J. (Mattie Porter), 

Moore, W. J., 159 
Moore, Col. William, 126 
Moore, William, 40, 41 
Moore, B. C. and Sons, 191 
Moore County, 33, 37, 45, 47, 72, 

82, 135, 180 
Moore, Gardner and Associates, 

170, 243 
Moose, Loyal Order of the, 223 
Moragne, W. F. , 125 
Moravians, 9, 16, 23 
Morehead, James T., 44 
Morgan, Charles, 118 
Morgan, Fannie, 204 
Morgan, Henry, 36 
Morgan, J. P., Jr., 133 
Morgan , James , 36 
Morgan family, 182 
Moring, W. H., Jr., 126, 174,183 
Moring, William H., Sr., 47, 126 
Moring family, 183 
Moring, W. H., and Co., 161 
Morris, E. G. , 149 
Morris, E. H. , 148 
Morris, P. H., 126, 148, 162 
Morris Drug Co . , 161 
Morton, Nathaniel, 74 
Moseley, Edward, 16 
Moser, I. C. , 178 
Moser, Wescott, 232 
Moss, John Bushrod, 40 
Mount Lebanon Methodist 

Protestant Church, 97 
Mount Olivet Academy, 114 
Mount Olivet Masonic Lodge, #195, 45 
Mount Olivet School, 211 
Mount Pleasant School, 211 
Mount Shepherd Pottery Site, 131 
Mount Tabor Primitive Baptist 

Church, 50 
Mount Vernon Methodist Episcopal 

Church, 119 
Mountain School, 211 
Mountain View Canning Co., 160 
Mountain View School, 211 
Moving Picture Theatre (Asheboro), 231 
Muddy Creek, 25, 35, 121, 131 
Multiple Sclerosis Society, 226 
Murdoch, William F., 46, 47 
Musical Arts Club, 218 
Myrick, Emsley P., 94 
Myrick, Joseph A., 94, 96 
Myrtle Grove Sound, 88 

Nance, Carl, 204 

Nance, Hilliard, 228 

Nance, Kate, 204 

Nantucket Hosiery Corp. 170 

Naomi Falls, 199, 232 

Naomi Falls Manufacturing Co . , 

94-95, 97, 152, 154, 156, 184 
Naomi Falls Methodist Episcopal 

Church, 97 
Nash, Abner, 34 
Nash, William, 40 
National Carbon Co rp. , 168 
National Chair Co., 162, 227 
National Guard, 177 
Seal, Treva, 148 
Neece, Estelle, 184 
Needham, James, 55 
Needham, Jesse, 22 
Needham, John, 14 
Needham, John, 39 
Needlework Guild, 224. 
Neely, Mary Spencer, 197 
Neighbors Grove Wesleyan Church, 

New Centre School, 211 
New Hope Friends, Society of 

( Conservative ) , 215 
New Hope Academy, 121 
New Hope School, 211 
New Hope Township, 129, 131, 133 
New Market, 24, 25,62 , 84, 91, 

122, 218 
New Market Civitan Club, 222 
New Market Inn, 122 
New Market No. 1 School, 211 
New Market No. 2 School, 211 
New Market Township, 129, 131 
New Salem, 42, 43, 44, 45, 57, 

65, 72, 121-123, 131, 138 
New Salem Bridge, 199 
New Salem Friends Meeting, 50, 

New Salem Methodist Protestant Church, 121 
New Salem Masonic Lodge, 45, 121 
New Salem School, 211 
New Salem Township, 129, 131 
Newlin, Joseph, 55, 76, 84, 122 
Newlin, J. N. , 97 
Newlin, N. N., 91, 97 
Newlin, S. G. , 95, 96, 97, 147 
Newlin & Far low, 43 
Nixon, Dr. Barnabas, 47, 65 
Nixon, Zachariah, 56, 57 
Nocturne Music Club, 218 
Norfolk Southern Railway, 111 
Normal College, 116, 117 
North Asheboro, 138 

North Asheboro Junior High School, 212 
North Asheboro Park, 230, 238 
North Carolina Arts Council, 4, 

North Carolina Bulletin , 42 
North Carolina Educational 

Journal, 124 
North Carolina Forest Service, 

North Carolina Home Journal , 115, 124 
North Carolina Prohibitionist , 

North Carolina Railroad, 111 
North Carolina State Agricultural 

and Mechanical College, 111 
North Carolina State Library, 4 
North Carolina Symphony, 218 


North Carolina Zoological Park 

and Botanical Gardens, 137, 

North Randolph Historical 

Society Museum, 95 
North State Nursery, 13-4 
North State Telephone Co., 148- 

Northgate Shopping Center, 194 
Norton, J. B., 223 
Norton, William, 24 
Novelty Wood Works, 150 

Oak Glade School, 211 

Oak Grove Methodist Episcopal 

Church, 86 
Oak Grove School, 21 1 
Oakland Farm, 186 
Oakley, Annie, 155 
Odell, J. A., 100 
Odell, Capt. John M., 85, 100 
Odell, Laban D. , 70, 85 
Ogdon, Hatfield, 46, 47 
Old Hickory Division, 175 
Old Union Methodist Episcopal 

Church, 28, 52, 97, 216 
Oliver's Chapel, 216 
Orange County, 24, 26, 29, 30, 

31, 36, 38, 39 
Osborne, Allen U., 70 
Osborne, Daisy, 105 
Osborne, Obed, 124 
Osbornes Mill Bridge, 199 
Overman, J. 0. , 121 
Overman Chair Co., 158 
Overton, Nathan, 56 
Owen, Richardson, 38, 39, 66 
Owen, Thomas, 38 
Owens family, 137 

P. & P. Chair Co., 167, 184 

Page, A. F., Sr., 217 

Page, Wade S., 162 

Page, W. Carl, 162 

Page, William C. , Jr., 162 

Page family, 111, 183. 199 

Page's Toll House, 62, 84 

Painted Springs, 15, 131 

Panther Creek, 167 

Panther Creek Friends Meeting, 50 

Parents Without Partners, 224 

Parke, Samuel, 39 

Parker, Pvt. A. J., 93 

Parker, Benson, 118, 119 

Parker, Dr. D. Reid, 118 

Parker, Thomas W. , 73 

Parker, W. T. , 120 

Parker Mill, 23 

Parker Mill Bridge, 136 

Parks, Clarence,- 150 

Parks, Hugh, Jr., 150, 186 

Parks, Hugh, Sr., 78, 101, 151 

Parks, Hugh T., 150 

Parks, Jody, 151 

Parks, Joe, 184 

Parks, Ralph, 184 

Parks, W. H. , 100 

Parks Cross Roads, 121 

Parks Cross Roads Christian 

Church, 50 
Parks Cross Roads School, 211 
Parson, J. W. , 97 
Patterson, Dr. Armstead Jack, 158 
Patterson, Gurney A., 167 
Patterson, John, 55 
Patterson, John, 56 
Patterson, Marthya, 74 
Patterson, Dr. R. D. , Jr., 158 
Patterson, Dr. Rez D. , 158 
Patterson Cottage Museum, 158 
Patterson's School, 211 
Payne, D. , 113 
Paynes Mill Bridge, 199 
Pearce, Ansel, 55 
Pearce, Thomas, 55 
Pearce School, 211 
Pearces Mill Bridge, 199 
Pegram, W. H. , 94, 118 
Peirce, Windsor, 39 
Pepper, C. M. , 118 
Pepper Mill, 219 
Petty, D. M., 119 
Petty Kyle, 230 
Petty, Lee, 229-230 
Petty, Maurice, 230 
Petty, Richard, 229-230, 240 
Petty, W. C, 119, 120 
Petty family, 138 
Petty, W. C, Sash and Blind Co., 


Phillips, Benjamin, 24 

Phillips, Dr. E., 81 

Phillips Brothers Country Ham, 191 

Phil Knit, 158 

Phillips, Matilda, 4 

Phillips, Sam, 221 

Fiillips School, 211 

Pickard, J. 0., 94, 95, 99 

Pickett, John, 157 

Pickett, John F. , 148 

Pickett's Store, Liberty, 148 

Piedmont Chair Co , 16* 

Piedmont Natural Gas Co., 192 

Pike, Pvt. W. M., 93 

Pine Hill School. 211 

Piney Grove School (Concord), 

135, 211 
Piney Grove School (New Market), 

Piney Ridge Friends Meeting, 50 
Pinehurst Texiles, 168 
Pinson, 121 
Pisgah, 121, 135 
Pisgah Bridge, 111, 113 
Pisgah Methodist Episcopal 

Church, 235 
Pisgah School, 211 
Pisgah Telephone Exchange, 148 
Plaidville Mills, 95, 96, 152, 154 
Plainfield School, 184 
Plant, John, Co., 151, 242 
Pleasant Cross Christian Church, 

Pleasant Grove Christian Church, 

Pleasant Grove School, 211 
Pleasant Grove Township, 129, 131, 

Pleasant Hill Methodist Protestant 

Church, 175 
Pleasant Hill School, 211 
Pleasant Ridge Christian Church, 

Plummer, W. A. , 120 
Plunket, William, 39 
"Pocahontas", 97 
Poe, Dr. Clarence, 205 
Pole Cat Creek, 25, 32, 36, 131, 

138, 143, 147, 199 
Political Broadaxe , 124 
Polk, Jacob, 24 
Polk, James, 56, 57 
Polk, Jonathan, 26 
Polk, L. L., 111 
Pool, James, 57 
Poor House, 65-66, 79 
Pope, John, 43 
Poplar Ridge School, 211 
Porter, David Worth, 47, 50, 126 
Porter family, 183 
Potter, A. D., 168 
Potter, A. J., 168 
Potter Manufacturing Co. , 168 
Powell, William S., 30 
Powhatan Mills, 95, 97 
Presnall, John, 56 
Presnell, Arthur, 162 
Presnell, Barbara, 221 
Presnell, Clay, 160 
Presnell, Donnie, 41 
Presnell, John, 46, 47 
Presnell, Joseph K. (Teak), 194 
Presnell family, 183 
Pressnell Buggy and Carriage 

Repair Shop, 161 
Prevo Drug, 190 
Prevost family, 182 
Pritchard, Benoni, 199 
Pritchard, Dr. J. E. , 221 
Pritchard, Thomas, 70 
Pritchard family, 183 
Progress, 118, 131 
Progressive Farmer , 111, 205, 221 
Prohibition Leader . 124 
Prohibition Party, 120 
Promised Land Church, 107 
Prospect Methodist Episcopal 

Church, 117, 119 
Prospect School, 211 
Providence Academy, 157 
Providence Friends Meeting, 26, 

Providence No. 1 School, 211 
Providence School, 56, 184, 211 
Providence Township, 131, 133, 134 
Public Works Administration, 178 
Pugh, Dee and Joe, home, 203 
Pugh, Henry G. , 194 
Pugh, J. M. , 97 
Pugh, James, 31, 33 
Pugh, Jenny, 157 
Pugh, Jesse, 24 

Pugh, Richard K. , 4 

Pugh, Thomas, 24 

Pugh family, 183 

Pugh Funeral Home, 171 

Pumphrey, Stanley, 93 

Purgatory Mountain, 137, 232 

Quality Veneer Co., 153 

Raccoon Pond, 57 

R. & R. Transit Co., 195, 200 

Ragan, H. S., Sr. , 119 

Ragan, W. H., 95, 99 

Rains, Capt. George, 38 

Rains, Major John, 38 

Rainse, John, 73 

Rains, William, 56 

Rampon Products , Inc . , 1 70 

Ramseur, 50, 62, 76, 77, 102- 

105, 105-106, 107, 111, 112, 
142, 143, 144, 148, 150-151, 
153-154, 159, 178, 180, 135, 
190, 202, 205, 207, 218, 219, 
227, 230, 232 

Ramseur Academy, 157, 207 
Ramseur Baptist Church, 50, 

103, 106 
Ramseur Baseball Team, 227 
Ramseur Broom Co., 103, 150 
Ramseur Building Cupply, 191 
Ramseur Christian Church, 103 
Ramseur Concert Band, 104, 105, 

151, 205 
Ramseur Fire Dept., 144 
Ramseur Furniture Co., 150 
Ramseur Hosiery Mills, 150, 161 
Ramseur Inter-Lock Knitting Co., 

151, 153 
Ramseur Lions Club, 222 
Ramseur Methodist Episcopal 

Church, 103 
Ramseur Ministerial Assn., 215 
Ramseur hotor Co., 142 
Ramseur Parks and Recreation 

Dept., 146, 230 
Ramseur Pharmacy, 190 
Ramseur Police Dept., 144 
Ramseur Post Office (restored) , 

Ramseur Public Library, 146, 151 
Ramseur Roller Mill, 150 
Ramseur School, 103, 205, 206, 

207, 209, 211 
Ramseur, Major General Stephen 

D., 103 
Ramseur Store Co. , 103 
Ramseur Town Hall, 142-143 
Ramseur Town Offices , 4 
Ramseur Water Supply, 144 
Ramseur Worsted Mills , 151 
Ramsey, J. M. , Jr., 170 
Rams our, John, 66 
Ramsower, Michael, 53 
Randleman, 14, 40, 52, 62, 76, 

78, 79, 80, 94-97, 98, 104, 

106, 107, 111, 112, 120, 121, 
122, 123, 124, 138, 142, 143, 
147, 149, 152-156, 177-178, 
190, 207, 208, 217, 218, 220, 

Randleman, C. C, 95 
Randleman, J. E. , 95 
Randleman, John B., 95 
Randleman Baptist Church, 97 
Randleman Bridge, 112, 199 
Randleman City Hall, 142-143 
Randleman City Offices, 4 
Randleman Drug Co . , 1 90 
Randleman Elementary School 

(Negro), 209 
Randleman Fire Dept., 144, 146 
Randleman High School, 208-210 

Randleman Hosiery Mill, 147 
Randleman Chair Co., 96 
Randleman Church of God, 214 
Randleman Depot, 154 
Randleman Lions Club, 142, 222 
Randleman Manufacturing Co., 95, 

101, 106, 142, 143, 152, 156 
Randleman Mills, 154 
Randleman Ministerial Assn., 215 
Randleman No. 1 School, 211 
Randleman Parks and Recreation 

Dept., 146, 230 
Randleman Police Dept., 144 
Randleman Public Housing, 155 
Randleman Public Library, 146, 147 
Randleman Rotary Club, 222 
Randleman School, 206-207, 211 

30 1 

Randleman Store Co., 97 
Randleman Telephone Co., 147, 149 
Randleman Township, 129, 137, 138 
Randleman Water Supply, 143 
Randleman Woman's Club, 222 
Randolph Agricultural Society, 

Randolph Apparel, 170 
Randolph Argus . 124, 125 
Randolph Bank and Trust Co., 193 
Randolph Baptist Assn., 215 
Randolph Bible Society, 54 
Randolph Book Club, 222 
Randolph Chair Co., 162 
Randolph County Arts Guild, 4, 219 
Randolph County Fair, 182, 188 
Randolph County Historical 

Society, 4, 58, 83, 224, 225 
Randolph County Offices, 4 
Randolph County, Indiana, 73-74 
Randolph County Rose Society, 223 
Randolph County Symphony Society, 

Randolph Court House, (Asheborough) , 

Randolph Court House (Cross Roads), 

35, 36, 39, 40 
Randolph Drug Co. (Asheboro), 190 
Randolph Drug Co. (Randleman), 190 
Randolph Farm Equipment, 191 
Randolph Guide , 4 
Randolph Herald . 42, 43, 124 
Randolph High School (Liberty), 209 
"Randolph Hornets", 83, 85, 93 
Randolph Hospital, 162, 226 
Randolph Manufacturing Co., 43, 

76-78, 79, 101 
Randolph Hills, 150, 184 
Randolph Motor Co., 145 
Randolph Packing Co., 191 
Randolph, Peyton, 38 
Randolph Power Co., 147 
Randolph Public Library, 4, 146 

Randolph Public Library, Friends 

of, 224 
Randolph Regulator , 124 
Randolph Savings and Loan Assn. , 

Randolph Technical College, 209, 

213, 219, 220 
Randolph Technical College, 
Photography Dept., 4 
Randolph Telephone Co., 148 
Randolph Telephone Membership 

Corp., 148-149 
Randolph Training School, 212, 219 
Randolph Tribune , 124, 164 
Randolph Underwear Co . , 1 54 
Rankin, Sam A., 151 
Rantex Mills, 154 
Rape, R. , 70 
Rave Fashions, 170 
Raven, Minna, 47, 221 
Rea, Eliza, 58 
Realtors, Board of, 224 
Reaves Pharmacy, 190 
Red Cross, 84, 86, 121 
Red Cross School, 211 
Red Cross, American, 176, 180, 224 
Redberry School, 211 
Reddick (Ruddock), John, 119 
Reddick, John, Jr., 117 
Reddick, Joseph, 117 
Reddick, William, 118 
Redding, Dr. A. H., 100 
Redding, Jesse, 65 
Redding, John F. , 168 
Redding, Jonathan, 55, 57 
Redding, Mattie, 100 
Redding, Robert, 66 
Redding, T. H. , 161 
Redding, T. Henry, Jr., 161 
Redding, T. J., Bridge, 199 
Redding, Thomas, 43 
Redding, W. F. , 162 
Redding, W. W. , 96 
Redding family, 162, 182 
Red Strings, 84 
Reece, Abraham, 39 
Reece, Joseph, 56 
Reese, Robert L. , 161 
Register (Liberty), 124 
Register of Deeds, 141 
Reid, Jennie, 204 
Reitzel, Boyd, 184 
Reitzel, M. J. , 143 
Reitzel, Walter, 184 
Republican Rally (1904), 171 
Revco Discount Drug Center, 190 
Rice, Thomas, 76 
Rich, Anthony, 166 

Rich, Pvt. Daniel, 93 

Rich, Henry Clay, 166 

Rich, 0. Elmer, 166 

Rich, Otis, 194 

Rich family, 183 

Rich Brick Yard, 166 

Rich, Dal K. , and Son, 167, 184 

Richardson, Sgt. Allen, 93 

Richardson, H. Clendon, 226 

Richardson, Isaac, 41 

Richardson, John, 41 

Richardson, Samuel, 41 

Richardson, S. R. , 149 

Richland Creek, 25, 32, 199 

Richland Lutheran Church, 27, 28, 

50, 51 
Richland Township, 129, 131, 135 
Ridge, Leslie, 184 
Rigdon, Stephen, 39, 40 
Rink, Reuben, 95 
Riverside Mills, 152 
Robbins, Ahi, 55, 70 
Robbins, Jeffrey H., 90, 113 
Robbins, Jesse, 65 
Robbins, Joel, 65 
Robbins, John, 55, 57, 124 
Robbins, William, 117 
Robbins, William McK. , 66 
Robbins family, 182 
Robert, J., and Co., 120 
Robertson, J. H., 204 
"Robin Bird", 150 
Robins, Henry M. , 142 
Robins, Marmaduke Swaim, 44, 45, 
84, 85, 87, 89, 124, 125, 126 
Robins, Dr. Sidney Swaim, 126, 221 
Rock Spring School, 211 
Rock Store (Central Falls), 191 
Rockingham County, 40, 52, 94 
Rocky Mount School, 211 
Rocky River, 9, 26, 159 
Rogers family, 182 
"Rose Bird", 150 
Rosenwald Fund, 212 
Rose's Stores, 190, 192 
Ross, Arthur, 143, 161 
Ross, Arthur, Jr., 195 
Ross, Charles, 148 
Ross, Esther, 161 
Ross, George, 177 
Ross, J. D. , 125, 161 
Ross, Joseph D. , Jr., 195 
Ross, L. Ferree, 161 
Ross, R. R. , 95, 110 
Ross family, 182 
Ross and Rush Livery Stables, 

125, 126, 161 
Routh, Isaac, 101 
Routh, Malcolm, 207 
Routh family, 182 
Rowan County, 24, 29, 30, 31, 37, 

38, 39, 52, 64, 78 
Rowan Public Library, 4 
Royal, H., 91 
Royer, Samuel, 157 
Rummage Sale, 194 

Rural Electric Membership Corp., 147 
Rush, Crawford, 38 
Rush, Michael, 79 
Rush, Capt. Noah, 85 
Rush, Wiley, 124, 125 
Rush, Zebedee, 55-57, 66, 84, 116 
Rush family, 182 
Rush, J. H., & Co., 71 
Russel's Schoolhouse, 26 
Russell, Jerome B., 101 
Russell, Capt. Lee, 85 
St. John's Christian Church, 

(Randleman), 97 
St. Joseph's Roman Catholic 

Church, 215 
St. Luke's Parish (Rowan County), 29 
St. Mary's Methodist Church, 119 
St. Matthew's Parish (Orange 

County), 29 
St. Paul's Methodist Episcopal 

Church, 95, 97 
Salem - Cross Creek Road, 133 
Salem - Fayetteville Road, 131 
Salem Friends Meeting, 27 
Salem Neckwear, 154 
Salem School, 211 
Salisbury, 24, 37, 61, 62, 84, 85 
Salt Box, 219, 226 
Sandy Creek, 22, 24, 25, 26, 27, 

32, 35, 36, 44, 54, 56, 76, 

144, 157, 199 
Sandy Creek Baptist Church, 26, 

27, 50, 54 
San Quentin Canal, 175 
Sapona Manufacturing Co., 101, 

150, 161 

Sapp, Dr. L. L. , 97 

Sapp, Oscar L. , 126 

Saunders, Sallie , 70 

Saura Indians, 14 

Savage, John, 157 

Schaefer, E. 0., 168 

Schneierson, I., and Sens, Ind. , 154 

Schwarz, Jeff, 151 

Schwarz, Lawrence G. , 168 

Science Hill Academy, 5o 

Scott, Cpl. Allen, 93 

Scott, C. L., 191 

Scott, Robert W., 232 

Scott, W. Kerr, 209 

Scotton, James, 57 

Scott's Old Field, 81 

Seagrove, 9, 137, 138, 143, 147, 

Seagrove Depot, 159 
Seagrove Grange, 146 
Seagrove Lions Club, 222 
Seagrove Lumber Co., 160, 161 , 185 
Seagrove Police Dept., 144- 
Seagrove Pottery Museum, 138, 160 
Seagrove Public Library, 146 
Seagrove School, 206, 209 
Seagrove Volunteer Fire Dept . , 

Seagroves, Edwin G. , 160 
Seal (Randolph County), front 

cover and inside cover 
Searsey, William, 39, 135 
Selective Service (Draft), 132 
Sellers, B. A., 124 
Senior Adults Assn., 219, 224 
Sew Special, 170 
Shady Grove Baptist Church, 50 
Shady Grove Methodist Church, 101 
Shady Grove School, 211 
Shamburger family, 182 
Shapiro and Shapiro, 170 
Sharp, Edward, 39 
Shaw, Alice Voncannon (Mrs. J. E.), 

Shaw, E. R. , 167 
Shaw, Malcom, 118 
Shaw, M. and Co., 113 
Shaw Furniture Co . , 1 54 
Shell, Mrs. Lennon, 118 
Shepherd, Joseph, 66 
Shepherd Mountain, 9, 15, 35, 131 
Shepherd School, 211 
Sheppard, Col. Jacob, 36, 38, 39 
Sheriff's Dept., 141 , 144 
Shields, Charlie, 184 
Shiflet, Claude family, 231 
Shiloh Academy, 114, 115 
Shiloh Christian Church, 50 
Shiloh School, 211 
"Shoofly", 133, 159 
Siler, Capt. Columbus F., 85, 93 
Siler, C. K. , 227 
Siler City, 158, 159, 186 
Sir Robert Motel, 243 
Sisne, Stephen, 38 
Skeen, Allen, 56 
Skeen family, 182 
Skeen's Mill Bridge, 112, 113, 199 
Slack, Nathan H., 126 
Slack, T. H., 159 
Slack family, 182 
Sloat, Pvt. L. D., 93 
Small, J. B., Hosiery and 

Textile, Inc., 170 
Smart Styles, Inc., 168 
Smith, Albert, 91 
Smith, Alexander, 117 
Smith, Briant, 38 
Smith, Bryant, 35 
Smith, C. C, 160 
Smith, C. P., 121 
Smith, C. P., Jr., 148 
Smith, Clarence, 227 
Smith, David, 38 
Smith, Frances Patterson, 221 
Smith, Joseph, 66 
Smith, L. H., 148 
Smith, Dr. M. B., 102 
Smith, Paul H. , Park, 230 
Smith, R., 122 
Smith, Ray, 167 
Smith, W. M. , 81 
Smith, William Vance, 195 
Smith Garage, 158 
Capt. Smith's Muster Ground, 57 
Smitherman, H. R. , 103 
Smitherman, Noah, 56 
Snow of 1927, 189 
Social Services, Dept. of, 139-141 
Soong, Charles J., 117 
Sophia, 113, 122, 131 
Sophia School, 132, 211 


Sorosis Club, 218 

South Atlantic Lumber Co., 160 

South Carolina, 9, 14, 24, 33, 34, 

36, 37, 103, 119, 131, 137 
Southeast Public Service Co., 148 
Southern Bell Telephone Co., 148, 149 
Southern Citizen , 42, 44-47, 56- 

58, 60, 62, 64, 75, 77-80 
Southern, James M. , 191 
Southern Crown Milling Co., 162, 166 
Southern Milling Co., 162 
Southern Railway, 199, 217 
Southwestern Senior High School, 
135, 208-210, 229 

Spangenberg, Bishop August Gottlieb, 9 
Spearman, Elizabeth, 50 
Spencer, Alfred, 160 
Spencer, Doris, 152 
Spencer, Helen York, 194 
Spencer, Isaac, 72, 73 
Spencer, J. C. , 195 
Spencer, J. S. , 103 
Spencer, L. A. , 96 
Spencer, Nathan F. , 16 
Spencer family, 182 
Spero School, 211 
Spinks, Enoch, 34 
Spinks, Garret, 56 
Spinks, Jesse, 184 
Spinks Mill, 137, 138 
Spoon, Eli, 56 
Spoon family, 182 
Spoon's Mill Bridge, 199 
Springer, John, Jr. , 24 
Springfield Friends Meeting, 54, 

92, 107, 116, 117, 119, 120 
Springfield Museum, 17, 107 
Stafford, John, 62 
Staley, 111, 133, 134, 143, 154, 

Staley, Col. John W. , 158-160 
Staley Baptist Church, 159 
Staley Christian Church, 159 
Staley Cotton Mill, 159 
Staley Fire Dept. , 144, 146 
Staley Fires, 159 
Staley Hosiery Mill, 159 
Staley Lions Club, 222 
Staley Lumber Co., 158 
Staley School, 159, 160, 209, 211 
Staley Wesleyan Church, 160 
Stalker, Aaron, 55 
Stalker, Jonathan, 55 
Stalker's School, 56 
Standard Drug Co., 190 
Stanton, Nathan, 65 
Stanton family, 138 
State Game Farm, 230 
State Highway Commission, 127 
Stearns, Ebenezer, 26 
Stearns, Peter, 26 
Stearns, Shubal, 26 
Stearns, Shubal, Jr., 26 
Stedman, Sally, 224 
Stedman, Sulon B., 167 
Stedman, W. D. , 167 
Stedman, W. David, 167, 232 
Stedman, W. D., & Son Store, 162, 190 
Stedman Manufacturing Co., 167, 

168, 184 
Steed, A. A. , 96 
Steed, B. F. , 47, 70, 91, 118 
Steed, B. W. , 124 
Steed, Charles, 65 
Steed, Clayton, 56 
Steed, Colon, 66 
Steed, E. J., 151 
Steed, J. W., 84 
Steed, Joseph W. , 47 
Steed, Nathaniel, 37 
Steed, J. Nat., 109 
Stevens, Gen. Edward, 34 
Stevens, J. P., Co., 154, 184 
Stewart , James , 33 
Stewart, John, 72 
Stinking Quarter. 157 
Stinson, Enos, 26 
Stinson Place Bridge, 199 
Stone, Lee J., 228-229 
Stoneman ' s Raiders , 84 
Story, P. C, 95, 154 
Story, Stuart, 154 
Stout, Colita, 122 
Stout, E. N., 125 
Stout, Joseph, 56 
Stout, W. C. , 103 
Stout Chair Co., 158 
Stout's Chapel Methodist Church, 122 
Stowe , Carrie , 204 
Stowe, Nannie, 204 
Strange, Robert, 72-73, 

Strieby, Dr., 107 

Strieby, 107 

Stuart Furniture Industries, 170 

Stutzman, Jacob, 27 

Sugg, N. C, 56 

Sugg family, 137 

Sumner, J. , 118 

Sumner, David S. , 151 

Sumner Hosiery, 170 

Sunset Theater, 231 

Swaim, Benjamin, 42, 56, 57, 121 

Swaim, Daniel, 55, 57 

Swaim, Francine Holt, 210, 221 

Swaim, J. S. , 124 

Swaim, Joseph, 55 

Swaim, Joshua, 65 

Swaim, Moses, 121 

Swaim family, 138, 182 

Swearingin, John, 40 

Swickett Hosiery Mills, 170 

Tabernacle Elementary School, 209 

Tabernacle Lions Club, 222 

Tabernacle No. 1 School, 211 

Tabernacle School, 211 

Tabernacle Township, 81, 129, 131, 132 

Tabernacle Volunteer Fire Dept., 144 

Talley, Maria, 240 

Talley, W. F. , 155 

Tar Heel Triad Girl Scout Council, 222 

Tate, Dr. C. S., 103 

Tatum (Tatom), Absalom (Abraham), 

38, 39, 40 
Tax Dept., County, 141, 239 
Taylor, Emma M. , 101 
Taylor, Gary, 227 
Taylor, H. C, 118 
Taylor, John Lewis, 40 
Taylors Creek Bridge, 199 
Teachey Elementary School, 212 
Teague, Capt. Meredith M. , 85 
league family, 137 
Teague Lumber Co., 191 
Temperance Advocate and Youth's 

Instructor , 43 
Tennessee Walking Horses, 188, 229 
TexFi Industries, Inc., 158, 170 
Thayer, Cleveland, 223 
Thayer, Helen Harper, 221 
Thomas, A. H. , 103 
Thomas, Fred A., 102, 150 
Thomas, Pvt. J. M. , 93 
Thomas Brothers Country Ham, 191 
Thompson, D. B., 204 
Thompson, Pvt. E. , 93 
Thompson, Emily, 70 
Thompson, G. W., 118 
Thompson, Harris, 204 
Thompson, Holland, 77-78, 104-105 
Thompson, J. E. , 222 
Thompson, Pvt. R. R. , 93 
Thompson and Bowman, 121 
Thomson, Joseph, 39 
Thornborough , Heziah, 58 
Thornbrough, Jesse, 55 
Thornburg, Lillian H. , 225 
Thornburg, Capt. William L. , 85 
Three Forks School, 211 
Tie-Rite Neckwear Co., 167 
Tip-Top Hosiery Co., 170 
Tip-Top Lodge, 135 
Tippett, W., 100 
Tomato Clubs, 139, 184 
Tomlinson, Allen Jay, 120 
Tomlinson, Allen Unthank, 54, 55, 

82, 92, 119, 120 
Tomlinson, Herbert, 120 
Tomlinson, Dr. J. M. , 120, 203 
Tomlinson, Josiah, 119 
Tomlinson, Sidney, 120 
Tomlinson, William, 119 
Tomlinson and Andrews Brick and 

Tile Co., 120 
Tomlinson, English and Co., 119 
Tomlinson Manufacturing Co., 120 
Tomlinson Tannery, 120 
Tom's Creek Bridge, 199 
Toomes family, 138 
Totero Fort, 16 
Town, Ithiel, 113 
Town Creek State Historic Site, 15 
Townsend, J. W., 118 
Trinity, 9, 56, 58, 59, 72, 35, 

94, 115-119, 124, 152, 202, 

208, 218 
Trinity Archive . 124 
Trinity Baptist Church, 119 
Trinity Broom Works, 119 
Trinity College, 56, 57, 95, 115- 

117, 118, 124 
Trinity College Methodist 

Episcopal Church, 119 

Trinity Elementary School 

(Negro), 209 
Trinity Grange, 230 
Trinity Guards, 85-86, 115 
Trinity High School, 115, 117, 

119, 152, 205, 206 
Trinity No. 1 School, 211 
Trinity No. 2 School, 211 
Trinity Ruritan Club, 222 
Trinity School, 211 
Trinity Senior High School, 208- 

210, 211, 228 
Trinity Township, 66, 117, 129, 

131, 132, 152, 197 
Trogdon, R. F. , 124 
Trogdon (Trogden), Samuel, Sr., 56 
Trogdon, Ward, 100 
Trogdon family, 183 
Trogdons School, 211 
Troughdon, Ezekeel, 38 
Troy, John B., 56, 76, 77, 78 
Troy, Capt. Robert P., 85, 93 
Troy's, JohnB., Store, 57, 157 
Troys School, 56 
Tryon, William, 30-33 
Tryon Palace, 30 
Tucker, William, 152 
Tunker-Baptists , 27 
Turlington Act, 217 
Turner, John Tyler, 87, 103 
Turner, Picket, 151 
Ty singer family, 183 
Tyson, Aaron, 56, 82 
Tyson, Bryan, 82 
Tysor family, 183 
Tysor Millinery Store, 126 

Ulah, 121 

Ulah School, 211 

Ulah Volunteer Fire Dept., 144 

Underwood, Bill, 229 

Underwood, George Co., 103 

Underwood, James T. , 190 

Union Carbide, 162, 168 

Union Factory, 76, 80, 95, 121, 122 

Union Grove School, 211 

Union Institute, 56, 57, 115-117 

Union Institute Educational 
Society, 115, 118 

Union Manufacturing Co., 76 

Union No. 1 School, 211 

Union School, 21 1 

Union Township, 129, 131, 133, 175 

United Appeal, 224, 235 

United Brass Works, 154 

United Daughters of the Con- 
federacy, 223 

United Products, 170 

United States Forest Service, 10, 135 

U. S. Industries, Inc., 154 

United States Marine Corps, 181 

United States Women's Army Corps, 181 

United Telephone Co., 149 

Unity Parish (Guilford County), 29 

University of North Carolina Library, 
North Carolina Room, 4 

Upton, Jack, 150 

Upton, Will, 150 

Uwharrie Friends Meeting, 26, 27, 72 

Uwharrie Mountains, 6, 9, 131 

Uwharrie National Forest, 10, 135 

"Uwharrie Rifles", 85, 93 

Uwharrie (Uharee) River, 9, H, 16, 
17, 23, 25, 26, 27, 28, 32, 131, 
135, 143, 199 

Uwharrie Road Bridge, 199 

Uwharrie School, 211 

Uwharrie Trail Club, 135 

Vance, J. B., and Co. , 40 
Vance, Zebulon Baird, 82-87, 89, 

94, 124 
Vanderford, John J., 84, 88 
Varner, Bernard, 204 
Varner, Pvt. J. G. , 93 
Varner, Reggie, 204 
Varner , Samuel , 204 
Varner Brothers Farm, 202 
Verden, Mrs. W. W., 70 
Vernon, Charlie, 123 
Vestal, C. M., 93, 97 
Veterans of Foreign Wars, 223 
Veterans Service Office, 140 
Vickory, Addison W. , 94, 95 
Vickrey family, 138 
Victory gardens, 180 
Viet Nam, 182 
Virginia, 14, 16, 24, 35, 38, 66, 

72, 73, 83, 86, 87, 119, 131, 

137, 179 
Von Tex Hosiery Mils, 170 


Voncannon, Callie, 204. 
Vuncannon, Fannie, 208 
Vuncannon, Jeff, 136 

Wachovia Settlement, 16, 32 

Waco 10 (bl-plane), 195 

Waddell, Gen. Hugh, 32 

Waddell, Sandy, 122 

Waddell (Waddles), 137 

Waddells Ferry, 199 

Walnman, C. Sltngsley, 107, 110 

Walden, Anderson, 73 

Walden, Islay, 107 

Walden, John C. , 73 

Walden, Standford B. , 73 

Walden, William, 73 

Walden, William D. , 73 

Walker, B. B. , 151 

Walker, Hal W. , 176 

Walker, Harriette Hammer, 221 

Walker, Dr. J. 0., 97 

Walker, James Ed, 94, 95, 99, 124 

Walker, Jesse E. , 58, 62, 70, 76 

Walker, Robert, 55 

Walker, Russell, 191 

Walker, Samuel, 22, 32, 56 

Walker, Thomas, 68 

Walker, B. B., Co., 151, 170 

Walker House, 97 

Walker Ford, 199 

Walker's Mill, 32 

Wall, Miss (Parthena?), 70 

Wall, A. A., 122 

Wall, Solomon, 55, 58, 70 

Wall, Mrs. Solomon, 70 

Wall family, 182 

Walnut Grove School, 211 

Walters, Private William F. , 84 

War Mothers, 223 

Warburton, Professor, 105, 150-151 

Ward, Earlene Vestal, 214 

Ward, Wesley A., 150, 151 

Ward, Wiley, 152, 164 

Ward, William, 24, 38 

Wardens of the Poor, 40, 65-66, 93 

Warner, Anne E. , 107 

Warner, Yardley, 107 

Watkins, E. C. , 102 

Watkins, J. C. , 152 

Watkins, Jesse, 44 

Watkins, W. H. , 103, 150, 180 

Watkins, William, 120 

Watts, William M. , 168 

Way, James, 204 

Weatherly, David, 150 

Weatherly family, 182 

Weaver, Logan, 94 

Wee-Sox Hosiery Mils, 152-153 

Weeks, Dick, Construction Co., 170 

Weeks, Stephen B., 93 

Weiman Furniture Co., 150, 185 

Welborn, Lt. C. H. , 93 

Welborn, Mrs. E. , 118 

Welborn, Mrs. John S., 58 

Welborn, Joseph, 55, 58 

Welborn, Martha, 58 

Welborn, R. C, 221 

Welborn, W. K. , 118 

Welborne Chapel Baptist Church, 50 

Welborne , Edward , 24 

Welch, J. J., 113 

Welch School, 211 

Wells, Richard, 4 

Wells Hosiery Mill, 170 

West Bend School, 212 

West Brothers, 121 

Weston, Dr. B. M. , 191 

Wheatmore , 118 

Wheatmore Baptist Church, 119 

Wheatmore School, 206, 211 

Wheeler, Jesse, 76, 77, 78 

Whit, Inc., 167 

Whitaker, L. L. , 167 

Whitaker, Wiley M. , 167 

White, H. H., 120 

White, Isaac, 55, 120 

White, J. J., 118 

White, J. T., 120 

White, Logan, 4 

White, Lon, 118 

White, Mary A., 118 

White, Mrs. Susan, 118 

White, Wilson, 120 

Whitehead, Charles G. , 180 

Whitehead, W. N. , 103 

White's Chapel Schoolhouse, 134 

Whiting, Gen. W. H. C, 88, 90 

Whitley, Maddux, 231 

Why Not, 121, 137, 222, 234 

Why Not Academy, 114 

Why Not School, 211 

Wilbourne, William, Jr., 24 
Wilburn, Jacob, 39 
Wiles, E. A., 97 
Wiley, William, 80 
Wilkerson, Dr. C. E. , 156 
Wilkerson, Mrs. C. E. , 156 
Wilkerson Hospital, 226 
Williams, Capt. Edward, 36, 37 
Williams, Elijah, 56 
Williams , James , 41 
Williams, Joel, 152 
Williams , John , 40 
Williams, Mamie, 185 
Williams, Michael, 56, 57 
Williams, Milton, 199 
Williams , Nathaniel , 40 
Williams, Pvt. W. M. , 93 
Williams, Pvt. Zimri, 93 
Williams, G. W. , Co., 78, 101 
Williams, J. M. , Bridge, 199 
Williamson, John, 102 
Wilson, J. H., 97 
Wilson, W. M. , 120 
Wilson, Wesley D. , 43, 44- 
Wilson, William, 57 
Winborne, Richard W. , 47 
Winn, Charles St. George, 107, 

Winningham, Pvt. A. J. , 93 
Winningham, Gaius , 81 
Winningham family, 182 
Winslow, Gilly, 46 
Winslow, James, 118 
Winslow, Jonathan P., 76 
Winslow, T. J., 124 
Winslow, Dr. Thomas L. , 118 
Winslow family, 182 
Wise, Naomi, Ballad of, 123 
Witherington, John, 38 
Wolf, John, 55 
Wood, Abraham, 14 
Wood, E. Lee, 141 
Wood, John K., 149 
Wood, Jones K, , 55 
Wood, Reuben, 40 
Wood, Samuel, Sr. , 55 
Wood, Sgt. T. J., 93 
Wood, W. P., 99, 174 
Wood, Zebedee, 40, 41, 55 
Wood and Moring Store , 1 61 , 

163, 190, 191 
Wood Milling and Manufacturing 

Co., 119 
Wood, W. P., and Co., 125, 126, 

Woodmen of the World, 223 
Wood's Branch Bridge, 199 
Woodward, Eli, 23 
Woody, J. W., 72 
Woollen, Dr. C. W., 52, 76, 121 
Woollen, Dr. W. A., 94, 97 
Woolman, John, 234 
Woonsocket Woolen Mills, 151 
Woosley, 0. V., 212 
Works Progress Administration, 178 
World War II, European Theater, 180 
World War II, Gas ration book and 

coupons , 1 79 
World War II, Pacific Theater, 

180, 182 
World War II, War Bond sales, 

Worsley, Timothy, 76, 77, 78 
Worth, Mrs. Allie H. (Mrs. T. C), 

Worth, B. G., 47 
Worth, Daniel, 52-53 
Worth, David G. , 88 
Worth, Delphina, 70 
Worth, Elizabeth Swaim, 52 
Worth, Elvira, see Moffitt, Elvira 
Worth, Kal M., 90, 95, 98 
Worth, John Milton, 47, 62, 70, 

82, 84, 88, 89, 90, 98, 100, 

121, 124, 126, 214 
Worth, Mrs. John Milton, 70 
Worth, Jonathan, 44-, 46, 48, 50, 

55-58, 62, 64, 70, 71, 76, 

80-85, 87-91, 92-93, 94, 

124, 126 
Worth, Mrs. Jonathan, 50, 70 
Worth, Joseph Addison, S3, 121 
Worth, Laura Stlmson (Mrs. Hal M. ) , 

195, 214, 225 
Worth , Louisa , 50 
Worth, Mary, 70 
Worth, Capt. Shubal Gardner, 47, 

71, 85, 90 
Worth, Thomas C. , 95, 96, 98, 

Worth family, 182 

Worth, J. Sc J. A. , 43 

Worth Manufacturing Co., 98, 

99, 152, 184 
Worth ville, 47, 98-99, 104, 

138, 152, 156, 198, 199 
Worthville Baptist Church, 98 
Worthville Bridge, 99, 112 
Worthville Community Center, 

Worthville Methodist Episcopal 

Church, 98 
Worthville School, 205, 211 
Wray, Alexander, 120 
Wren, James C, 55 
Wrenn family, 137 
Wrenn's General Store, 138 
Wright, Pvt. David, 93 
Wright, Frank, 150 
Wright, James, 121 
Wright, Richard, 24 
Wright, W. M. , Saw Mill, 159 
Wrightsell, J. W. , and Co., 121 
Wrike family, 182 

Y.M.C.A., 224, 230-231 

Yadkin River, 9, 14, 16, 24 

Yates Country Ham, 191 

Yates, F. Ogburn, 191 

Yates, F. Ogburn, Jr., 191 

York, Aaron, 38 

York, Brantley, 49, 50, 55-58, 

107, 115, 121 
York, Ed L. , 217 
York, Edmond, 38 
York, Gordon H., 194-195 
York, Henry, 24, 102 
York, J. A., 194 
York, J. D., 150 
York, Pvt. J. L., 93 
York, James, 194, 200 
York, Jeremiah, 157 
York, John W. , 44 
York, Joseph, 24 
York, Pvt. Joseph, 93 
York, Larkin C. , 57 
York, Semore, 24 
York, Shubal, 66 
York, W. C, 237 
York, Lt. William, 36 
York family, 31, 182 
York Hosiery, Inc., 170 
Younts-Luck Auto Co., 221 
Yourk, William, 38 
Yow, Henry, 56 
Yow family, 182 
Yow's Mill Bridge, 199 
Zooland Hosiery Mill, Inc., 170 
Zoological Society, 224 





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